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JANUARY, 1917 

Entered at the Post-office at Charleston, S. C. » 
Second-Class Matter 


Joseph W. Baknweu, . Henry A. M. Sicith, 

.A. S. Salley, Jr. 

, .- '■■ EDITOR OF THE MAGAZINE. !. ': .! : 
Mabel L. Webber. 



. * 

The Baronies of South Carolina. By Henry A. M. Smith .\ 3 

Marriage and Death Notices from the South Carolina Weekly \ 

Gazette ; i7 

• ' ■ -. _ f 

' - . \ 

Letters of John Rutledge. c 41- 

The Register of Christ Church Parish. 50" 

Historical Notes ". ,'. 54 

N. B. — ^These Magazines, with the exception of No. 1 oi 
VoL.Ir^e $1.25 to any one other than a miember of the South 
Carolina Historical Society. Members of the Society receive 
them free. The Membership fee is $4.Q0 per annum (the fiscal 
year being from January to January), and members can h\xy, 
back numbers or duplicates at $1.00 each. In addition to 
receiving the Magazines, members are allowed a discount of 25 
per cent, on all other publications of the Society, and have the 
. free use of the Society's library. * 

Any member who has not received the last number will 
please notify the Secretary and Treasurer, 

Miss Mabel L. Webber, 

South Caroliiia Historical Society, 

Charleston, S. C. 












■ > 








January, 1916 — ^January, 1917. 

Hon. Joseph W. Barnwell. 

1st Vice-President, 
Hon. Henry A. M. Smiih. 

2nd Vice-President, 

Hon. Theodore D. Jervey. 

3d Vice-President, 

Hon. F. H. Weston. 

4th Vice-President, 

Hon. John B. Cleveland, 

Secretary and Treasurer and Librarian, 

Miss Mabel Louise Webber. 


Langdon Cheves, Esq., D. E. Huger Smith, Esq., 

Charles W. Kollock, M. D., 
Prof. Yates Snowden, M. Alston Read, Esq., v 

Prof. C. J. Colcock, Henry S. Holmes, Esq. 

A. S. Salley, Jr., Esq., Frank R. Frost, Esq. 

Board of Managers, 

all of the foregoing officers. 

Publication Committee, * 

Henry A. M. Smith, Joseph W. Barnwell, i 

A. S. Salley, Jr. 4 






January, 1916 — ^January, 1917. 

Hon. Joseph W. Barnwell. 

Jst Vice-President, 
Hon. Henry A. M. Smith. 

2nd Vice-President, 

Hon. Theodore D. Jervey. 

3d Vice-President, 

Hon. F. H. Weston. 

4th Vice-President, 

Hon. John B. Cleveland, 

Secretary and Treasurer and Librarian, 

Miss Mabel Louise Webber. 


Langdon Cheves, Esq., D. E. Huger Smith, Esq., 

Charles W. Kollock, M. D., 
Prof. Yates Snowden, M. Alston Read, Esq., v 

Prof. C. J. Colcock, Henry S. Holmes, Esq. 

A. S. Salley, Jr., Esq., Frank R. Frost, Esq. 

Board of Managers, 
all of the foregoing officers. 

Publication Committee, * 

Henry A. M. Smith, Joseph W. Barnwell, i 

A. S. Salley, Jr. 4 



The South Carolina 
Historical and Genealogical 


VOL. XVIII. JANUARY, 1917 No. 1 


By Henry A. M. Smith 



On the 24 October 1682 the Lords Proprietors of Carolina cre- 
ated M' John Ashby a Cassique, to whom the baronies attached 
to that dignity were to be granted as he required.' He was a 
merchant of London described in his patent as "Johannes Ashby 
Londini Mercator" and had been previously connected in adven- 
tures with some of the Lords Proprietors; for he was with the Earl 
of Shaftsbury, the Earl of Craven, Lord Berkley, Sir George Car- 
teret, Sir Peter Colleton, and many others a member of the Royal 
African Company of England,^ To this Company incorporated on 
the 27 September 1672 King Charles the Second granted "all the 
"regions and dominions extending from Sallee in South Barbary 
"to Cape de Bona Esperanza, during the term of 1000 years:"* a 
grant which on paper was as easy to make as the grant of Carolina 

1 Calendar of State Papers. Am. and West Indies, VoL 1681-1685, p. 339. 
His patent as cassique is recorded Prob. Court Charleston inBk. 1722-1726, p. 1. 
» Calendar of State Papers. Am. and West Indies, VoL 1669-1674, p. 410. 



from the Atlantic to the Pacific ocean, but of which the grantees 
found it more difl5cult to take possession. 

Previous to the grant to him of the dignity of a cassique John 
Ashby had on 25 April 1681, received a grant made to him as John 
Ashby " Gentleman" of 2000 acres on the Southernmost side of the 
Eastern branch of Cooper river "at a place called by the Indians 
Yadhaw:"* and on 7 June 1682 the Lords Proprietors in a letter 
to the Governor and Council state that, "M' John Ashby who 
"has done us much good service in procuring seeds wishes to en- 
" large his plantation. Permit his agent to take up not more 
" than three thousand acres."' 

This John Ashby Merchant of London was a cadet of the family 
of Ashby of Quenby in the County of Leicester, who descend from 
Richard de Ashby Lord of the Manors of South Croxton and 
Quenby, County Leicester in A.D. 1297. According to Burke in 
his "Commoners"* he was a younger son of George Ashby of 
Quenby who in 1636 built the fine mansion house at Quenby at a 
cost of £12,000, and married Elizabeth Bennet of London by 
whom he had among other children John Ashby the merchant of 
London. There is a long account of Quenby Hall in Leicester- 
shire in the English magazine Country Life in the N°" for 14 and 
21 October 1911 describing the fine mansion house and garden 
and giving an account of the family, and stating that the fourtli 
George Ashby in succession (who according to Burke was the 
nephew of the first cassique John Ashby) was styled from his 
devotion to planting "honest George Ashby the Planter." 

John Ashby the first cassique according to Burke married Eliza- 
beth daughter of Sir Benjamin Thorowgood alderman of London 
and had among other children John Ashby of CaroUna. It is very 
doubtful if the elder John Asbhy the fijst cassique ever in person 
came out to Carolina. The warrant for the survey of his 2000 
acres was issued in Carolina and dated 17 Novr 1680' and a war- 
rant for a town lot in Charles Town was also issued to him in Caro- 
lina 6*^ Oct'. 1681' but the next warrant in his favour is dated 17 

* O/. Hist. Comm\, Bk. G, p. 138. 

» Calendar of StaU Papers. Am. and West Indies, Vol. 1681-1685, p. 242. 

» Vol. 4, pp. 176-177. 

' Printed Warrants for 1680-1692, p. 22. 



Jany 1695/6.' On 2 May 1693 he executed a power of attorney 
to his son John Ashby Jnn' to collect the debts due to him in Ber- 
muda and Carolina.'" It is possible he came out to the province 
about 1681 and returned to England. He may have had his grants 
taken out in his name by some representative as was done in other 
cases. The letter of the Proprietors of 7 June 1682 is to permit 
his "agent" to take out land. However there seems no doubt 
that his son John came to the province sometime between 1693 
and 1695 and thereafter took out several grants in his father's 
name. The elder John Ashby — the first Cassique — died in 1699 
in England, and according to the abstract we have of his will, left 
his estate real and personal in Carolina to his son John "now in 
Carolina" upon the latter's paying £200. to each of his sisters 
Theodosia and Jemima." In his will he mentions his father-in- 
law and his brother-in-law Thorowgood. There was a warrant on 
the 13 July 1682 to lay out to Joseph Thorowgood 3000 acres" 
and on 4 Sept' 1682 a grant was made to Joseph Thorowgood Gen- 
tleman of 3000 acres on Oola CoU Creek (at the head of Goose 
Creek) .'^ The place still goes by the name of "Thorowgoods." 
On the 19 April 1683 a warrant was issued to lay out to Joseph 
Thoroughgood a town lot in Charles Town'* and on 4**^ January 1683 
(1683/4) another warrant was issued to lay out to Joseph Thorow- 
good 640 acres due for the arrival of himself and twelve servants in 
the Province.'* There is no apparent connection between John 
Ashby and this Joseph Thorowgood: the latter died sometime prior 
to 1696 for on 9 Sept' 1696 a grant was made to William Hawett 
of 3000 acres "formerly granted to Joseph Thorogood deceased 
"and for want of heirs and by virtue of an Act of Assembly en- 
" titled an Act for the better Settlement of this Part of the Prov- 
"ince is escheated and reverted to the Lords Proprietors."'* 

» /&ti., VoL for 1692-1711, p. 101. 
" 5. C. Hist, and Gen., Mag. VoL DC, p. 75. 
"/6«i.,VoLV,p. 161. 
» Printed Warrants, 1680-1692, p. 64. 
" Proprietory Grants, VoL 38, p. 61. 
" Printed Warrants, 1680-1692, p. 95. 
»JW</.,p. 117. 
" Memo. Bk., VoL 1, p. 449. 


After the arrival of the younger John Ashby some grants were 
issued to his father and several to him apparently adjacent to 
the 2000 acre grant at Yadhaw viz.: 

Original Yadhaw grant 2000 acres 

Grant 9 Septr 1696i^ 250 


* 2Janyl697i« .' 490 « 

♦ 12 " l705/6»» 1500 " 

« " " " «o 200 •* 

:< « « c< n 200 ^ 

« " " a 500 •• 

Total 5140 *• 

The Indian name of Yadhaw was not retained. The exact lines 
of this 2000 acres cannot be ascertained. It did not bound di- 
rectly on the river but apparently was located somewhat inland 
about where the plantation later known as " Walnut Grove" was 
situated. The two adjacent grants of 250 acres and 490 acres 
were situate on the river and the creek later known as Quenby 
creek and together formed a plantation of 740 acres upon which 
John Ashby — father or son — conferred the name of "Quenby" 
after the ancestral home in England. This name it has ever since 
retained under the modij&cation or corruption of Quinby by which 
it is now known. The name has been variously spelled. In the 
deed from Thomas Shubrick to Roger Pinckney 27 July 1792" it is 
spelled "Queenbie;" and in other deeds "Queen Bee." Dr. Irving 
in his Day on Cooper River^* gives an account of the odd way in 
which it happened to be called "Queen Bee," through the same 
sort of ludicrous distortion by which it has been stated that the 
name "Pee Dee" was taken from the initials P. D. carved by an 
early explorer on a tree on the river bank, or by which the Indian 
name "Accabee" near Charleston has been traced to the letters 
A. K. B. on some mythical map. 

" O/. Hist. Com\, Bk. "N. C," p. 156. 

"Ibid., p. ITS. 

» Ibid., Bk. 1701-1711, p. 40. 

» Ibid. 


» M. C. O. Charleston, Bk. F, 6, p. 535. 

»»P. 72, 


John Ashby, the second Cassique, who settled in Carolina ap- 
parently lived at the Quenby plantation as his home seat. He 
married Constantia Broughton a sister of the Hon. Thomas 
Broughton.''^ By her he seems to have had at least five children. 

1. John Ashby the third Cassique who married Elizabeth Ball, 

but who left apparently but one child, a son named John 
who died young without issue. 

2. Elizabeth who married the Rev. Thomas Hasell and became 

the ancestress of the numerous HaseU family of South 

3. Mary who married Col. Francis Le Jau and left issue. 

4. Ann who married Gabriel Manigault and through her son 

Peter Manigault is the ancestress of the large Manigault 
family and its collateral connections. 

5. Thomas Ashby who married Elizabeth Le Jau and left issue. 
John Ashby the 2^ Cassique died 30 Novr' 1716 and his widow 

Constantia 20 Jany 1720." 

The will of John Ashby the 2*^ Cassique was insufficiently exe- 
cuted but was made vaUd by an Act of the General Assembly.** 
It does not appear on the existing record. He appears from the 
recitals of wills and deeds to have devised to his eldest son John 
the Quenby plantation of 740 acres, to each of his three married 
daughters 500 acres, and to his younn:est son Thomas a body of 
land possibly the bulk of the 2000 acre tract at Yadhaw. 

John Ashby the 3^ Cassique on 8^ Nov 1726 married Eliza- 
beth Ball^s daughter of Elias Ball, and died sometime about March 
1729.29 By jj]g y^ }jg devised to his son John the plantation on 
Cooper river on which he then Uved containing 740 acres and to 
any unborn child or children a plantation on Santee known as 
Webdoe containing 500 acres: should his son John and the unbom 
child die under 21 without issue then his wife Elizabeth was to 
have both plantations.*' 

» 5. C. Hist, and Gen. Mag., Vol. XV, p. 174. 

» Printed Reg, St. Thomas Par., p. 95. 

" Memo, of Rev. Tho". Hasell, Memo. Bk. 5, p. 213. 

*» Printed Reg. St Thomas Par., p. 26. 


»»Prob. Ct Charleston, VoL 1727-1729, p. 326. 


His widow Elizabeth married on 10 February 1729/30 one John 
Vicaridge" who seems to have gone into possession of the Quenby 
plantation of 740 acres under his wife's title.'* Whether he left 
any surviving children does not appear but ne died prior to IS 
Oct'. 1740 for on that date M". Elizabeth Vicaridge married Rich- 
ard Shubrick." 

Richard and Thomas Shubrick his brother were merchants in 
London who came out to Carolina sometime after 1730 and were 
merchants in Charles Town. The earliest notice the writer has 
found of Richard Shubrick in South Carolina is in an unrecorded 
deed dated 7*'» June 1733 whereby "Richard Shubrick of Ratcliff 
"in the Parish of Stepney alias Stebunheath in the county of Mid- 
"dlesex, Merchant" acquired 1000 acres of land on the Edisto 
river about seven miles above the town called New London granted 
to Samuel ButtaU in June 1682. From descriptions in convey- 
ances of adjoining lands Richard Shubrick also was in possession of 
Quenby shortly after 1740: presumably through the right of his 
wife by whom he had a son named Richard Shubrick.** This last 
Richard apparently survived his rnother and presumably inherited 
from her the Quenby plantation devised to her by her first hus- 
band John Ashby. Richard Shubrick seems to have returned to 
England with his son Richard. His brother Thomas remained in 
South Carolina and is the ancestor of the family of that name in 
South Carolina. A deed of mortgage on the record from Thomas 
Shubrick the son of Thomas to his cousin Richard Shubrick re- 
cites that the elder Richard Shubrick had returned to England and 
died there, and that his brother Thomas was indebted to him at 
the time of Richard's death, and to secure the debt mortgages a 
large amount of property including the Quinby plantation." 

On 27 July 1792 the younger Thomas Shubrick executed a 
conveyance to Roger Pinckney^ reciting that his father had by 
his last will devised to his son Thomas the Quenby plantation, 
but was at the time of his death largely indebted to his nephew 
Richard Shubrick of London Merchant, and that the younger 

n Printed. Reg. St. Philip's Par., p. 160. 
" Memo. Bk. 4, pp. 252-258, in margin. 
»» Printed Reg. of St. Philip, p. 160. 
** Ibid., p. 174. 

» M. C. O. Charieston, Bk. C. 6, p. 515. 
» M. C. O. Charleston, Bk. F, 6, p. 535. 


Thomas had given to his cousin his own bond for £16,000 sterling, 
and mortgaged Quenby and other lands to secure it, and now with 
Richard's acquiescence sold Quenby containing 1203 acres to 
Roger Pinckney for £2500 sterling. The inference is that one of the 
Richard Shubricks (probably the son as the heir of his mother 
Elizabeth) had conveyed Quenby to the elder Thomas Shubrick 
who devised it to his son Thomas, but neither the deed or will is 
now on record. Whilst in the hands of the Shubricks the acreage 
was swelled (probably by purchase) from 740 to 1203 acres. In 
the deed to Roger Pinckney the plantation is styled "Queenbie." 
Roger Pinckney conveyed Quenby, styled Quinby — to trustees to 
pay creditors and on 21 March 1816'^ those trustees conveyed the 
property to the late Isaac Bali in the hands of whose descendants 
it continued until after 1860, 

To the North East Quenby bounded on a creek first called "Ask- 
bys" creek, but later known as Quinby creek, and the bridge on 
which the public road crosses the creek was and is known as Quinby 
bridge. It was at this bridge that the encounter took place on 
the 17 July 1781 between the British forces under Col: Coates 
retreating from Moncks Comer, and the pursuing Americans un- 
der General Sumter. After the destruction of the bridge, and the 
prevention of the crossing of the Americans, Col: Coates fell back 
upon the plantation settlement of Quenby plantation, and took 
shelter under cover of the buildings, with the protection of which 
he administered a severe repulse to the attack against him the same 
afternoon. A full account of the two actions will be found in 
McCrady's South Carolina in the Revoluiion, vol: for 1780-1783, 
pp. 332-341. By some misapprehension Col: McCrady in his 
account speaks of Quinby bridge as a bridge across Cooper river 
when the bridge was really across Quinby creek but not far above 
the confluence of the creek with the river. 

Thomas Ashby the youngest son of the immigrant John Ashby 
the 2""* Cassique estabhshed his plantation or home seat upon the 
lands devised to him by his father^* and which he called Walnut 
Grove.'^ To this he added in 1746 1000 acres purchased from his 
nephew John Hasell consisting of two grants of 200 acres eadi to 

"/Wi., Bk.0,8, p. 144. 

" M. C. O. Charleston, Bk. V, p. 303. 

» Prob. Ct. Charleston, Bk. 1747-1752, p. 333. 


John Ashby devised by him to his daughter Ehzabeth Hasell, and 
600 acres part of the 1500 acre grant which had apparently been 
acquired by the Rev. Thomas Hasell and devised to his son John.** 
Thomas Ashby married Elizabeth Le Jau and at his death in 1750 
seems to have left five children viz. two sons Thomas and John 
and three daughters, Elizabeth who married Samuel Thomas, Ann 
who married Nicholas Harleston, and Constantia who married 
John WigfaU. 

To his eldest son Thomas he devised the plantation on which he 
hved called Walnut Grove with some adjoining lands.*^ This 
Thomas Ashby married Margaret Henrietta Bonneau daughter of 
Anthony Bonneau and died in 1754 leaving an eldest son Thomas 
Ashby to whom he devised all his real estate^^ which included the 
Walnut Grove plantation. He left also a younger son named 
Anthony Ashby. Thomas Ashby the elder of the two sons mar- 
ried Ann Peyre and died in 1804 leaving a son named Thomas 
Ashby to whom he devised the whole of his plantation called Wal- 
nut Grove.^ He also left three daughters Hannah who married 

Edwards, Ann who married Thomas Jones Barksdale^ 

and Elizabeth Ashby. 

This last Thomas Ashby, fourth in the direct succession of 
Thomas Ashbys, in February 1825 conveyed the Wahiut Grove 
plantation as then containing 2050 acres to Isaac Rembert** which 
ended the chapter of the ownership by the descendants of John 
Ashby, of the name, of any part of the lands in St. Thomas granted 
to Cassique John Ashby. 

John Ashby the son of the first Thomas Ashby married Mary 
Bonneau and died in 1759 leaving a son John Ashby who married 
Magdalen Peyre and died in 1793 leaving one daughter Catherine 
who died without issue, and a daughter Mary who married Jacob 
Bond I'On. Anthony Ashby the son of the second Thomas Ashby 
married Charlotte Marion, and died in 1784 leaving a daughter 
Charlotte Videau who married Richard Singleton. Anthony 
Ashby was on 17 June 1775 commissioned a first lieutenant in the 

♦• Memo. Bk., VoL 7, p. 525. 

" Prob. Ct. Charleston, Bk. 1747-1752, p. 333. 

« Ibid^ Bk. 1752-1756, p. 232. 

"/Wi., Book D, p. 428. 

** M. C. O. Charleston, Bk. P, p. 9, 441. 


second regiment of foot commanded by Col: William Moultrie, 
and was later promoted to a captaincy in the same regiment. 

The Eastern Branch of Cooper river, or rather according to the 
old wording the Eastern Branch of the T of Cooper river on or 
near which the grants to the two Ashby's were situated was a river 
draining quite an extensive local watershed. As in the case of all 
the freshwater rivers traversing the low country of South Caro- 
lina, it was a river with a margin of swamp land between the dear 
flow or channel of the river and the high land. The river was sub- 
ject to tidal influence. Even in rivers where the current was too 
strong ever to actually flow backward under the tidal pressure, 
yet the effect would be to "swell" or raise the level of the body of 
water at flood and to lower it at ebb tide. The Cooper river be- 
ing comparatively speaking a short river, except in unusual cases 
of flood, the tidal effect was to raise the whole level and sway the 
current with the tide, and on the Eastern Branch this tidal effect 
extended up to the very head of navigability. The margin of 
swamp was at such a level that it was flooded at high and bare 
and uncovered at low tide, the tides thus forming a wonderful 
method of both irrigation and drainage. The earliest grants were 
largely of the high land and where they included the swamp, the 
latter was not regarded of much value. When the adaptability of 
rice to the climate and soil was ascertained, the earliest cvJtivation 
was on the low lands, the swamps and low. grounds draining into 
the river, but more or less distant from it and beyond and above 
all tidal influence. 

The discovery of the utility of the tide for irrigation and drain- 
age gave to the swamp on the river a value far beyond the inland 
swamps and the river cultivation by its greater certainty, economy 
and production, gradually displaced and drove out competitive 
rice cultivation, on the inland rice swamps; although in many 
cases of favorable situation the inland swamp continued to be 
utilized. In the case of the Cooper river its swamp margin, com- 
monly called "Cedar Swamps," from the Cedar growth on the 
knolls and hammocks, proved very fertile and productive under 
the tidal cultivation of rice, and a high degree of agricultural 
prosperity was attained by the planters on that river up to 1860 
under the old system of slave labour. The plantations so far as 
river front is concerned were not large, and were in comparatively 


close proximity so as to form a social neighbourhood or society 
the members of which were in easy circumstances and more or 
less connected by ties of blood or marriage or early assodation. 
The Ashby grants all lay in the Parish of St. Thomas and St. Denis 
on the eastern side or bank of the river. 

At the head of the Eastern Branch weie the plantations 
called Limerich, Windsor, and Fishbrook an account of which, 
and their occupants, was given in the article on the Cypress Barony 
pubhshed in a previous number of tliis ]Magazine.'*^ North East of 
Quenby from which it was separated by Quinby Creek lay the 
extensive plantation knov n as "Silk Hope," This consisted pri- 
marily of a grant of 1940 acres made 24 June 1696 to Sir Nathaniel 
Johnson Eait.^ The grant is stated to be "upon the head of the 
JELastem branch of Cooper river commonly called Silk Hope." Long 
pre\'7--=- ■•• -Lc Hate of this grant however Sir Nathaniel had es- 
tablished himself in the Province. On 29 Oct' 1683 a warrant was 
issued to lay out to him 560 acres "for the transportation into this 
province of thirteene servants." On 1'* January 1683/4 another 
warrant was issued to him for 200 acres "for y* arriveali of fower 
servants" on the 12 October 1689 another warrant for 500 acres 
"for y* arrivall of tenn Negroes" and on 27*^ April 1691 another 
warrant" for the arivall of Ninety-five Servants & Negroes at 
"Sundry times on his account in this parte of the province.***' 
He probably had the land laid out to him under the warrants, 
took possession, and conferred the name of Silk Hope some time 
prior to the actual signing of the grant. The reasons for this in- 
ference, as well as an account of Sir Nathaniel Johnson and his 
son 'Governor Robert Johnson was given in the article on the See- 
wee Barony published in a previous number of this Magazine.*' 
To this 1940 acres Sir Nathaniel added 500 acres granted 3** Oct' 
1704 and 3078 acres granted 1"* Oct 1709 making a total of 5518 
acres.** The name of "New Keblesworth" was at first given to 
the 500 acre grant,"' but it does not seem to have continued, and 
the whole tract of 5518 acres was called Silk Hope. 

« 5. C. Hist, and Gen, Mag., VoL XH, p. 5. 

*> Proprietory Grants, VoL 38, p. 298. 

" Printed warrants, Vol. 1680-1692, pp. 107, 116, 212, 215. 

♦« 5. C. Bist. and Gen. Mag., VoL XII, p. 109. 

«» Memo. Bk., Vol. 3, p. 376 and VoL 7, p. 441. 

•0 Prob. Ct. Charleston, Bk, 1732-1737, p. 187. 


Sir Nathaniel Johnson made Silk Hope his home seat and resi- 
dence and so did his son Governor Robert Johnson, but the latter 
had also a residence at the "Governors House" on Charles Town 
neck at the spot now occupied by the Country Club just above 
Magnolia Cemetery. It was at Silk Hope that Sir Nathaniel was 
living when the Rev^ M' Samuel Thomas came to CaroUna in 1702 
and was by Sir Nathaniel "taken into his house, and his family is 
"very large many servants and slaves."" "Sir Nathaniel lives 
"at the head of Cooper River, a river the best settled of any in 
"the Country."" Sir Nathaniel died in 1713. Silk Hope passed 
to his son Robert afterwards Governor of the Province first under 
the Lords Proprietors and later xmder the Royal Government and 
at his death in 1735 the whole 5518 acres went under hiS will to 
his eldest son Robert. This last Robert Johnson seems to have 
removed his residence back to England and on 8 May 1739 he con- 
veyed the entire 5518 acres to Gabriel Manigault." Of Gabriel 
Manigault an account has also been given in the article on the 
Seewee Barony above referred to. Gabriel Manigault had in 1730 
married Anne Ashby a daughter of John Ashby the second Cas- 
sique and it may be that his purchase of Silk Hope was prompted 
by his wife's desire that his country seat should be in the same 
neighbourhood in which her brother and sisters had their homes. 
Gabriel Manigault was a merchant in Charlestown but from the 
condensation of a diary kept by his wife and still in existence, his 
frequent visits to Silk Hope would evidence that he paid great 
attention to its management and cultivation. Gabriel Manigault 
died in 1781 and under his will his lands passed to his grandsons 
Joseph and Gabriel, the sons of his only son Peter Manigault. 
By a partition between the two brothers the Silk Hope tract of 
5518 acres was allotted to Gabriel, who about 1785 sold o£F some 
2470 acres to Andrew Hasell being the pordon of the tract lying 
East of the Public road to Hugers bridge and away from the river.** 
On 5 March 1805 the remainder of Silk Hope including all lying 
along the river with the rice lands, buildings, and settlement esti- 
mated to be 3500 acres was conveyed by Gabriel Manigault to his 

» S. C. Hist, and Gen. Mag., VoL IV, p. 226. 


" M. C. O. Charleston, Bk. T, p. 248. 

" M. C. O. Charleston, Bk. V, 8, p. 210. 


brother in law Nathaniel Heyward" who had married his sister 
Henrietta. The name Silk Hope continued as representing the por- 
tion conveyed to M' Heyward. The part sold to Andrew Hasell 
became known as "The Brickyard." By Andrew Hasell it was 
conveyed to Ezekiel Pickens, and at the latters death it was con- 
veyed by his Executors to the late Isaac BalP by whom it was de- 
vised to his daughter Jane who married John G. Shoolbred. The 
"Silk Hope" plantation proper was devised by Nathaniel Heyward 
to his daughter Elizabeth who married the late Charles I. Manigault 
in whose hands and those of her child the late Gabriel E. Manigault 
it continued imtil after the year 1890. Thus from the grant in 
1696, or the earlier possession by Sir Nathaniel Johnson, Silk Hope 
was owned by but two families, the Johnsons, and the Manigaults, 
including in the latter the ownership of M' Nathaniel Heyward 
who married Henrietta Manigault a daughter of Peter Manigault. 
Northeast of Silk Hope were a number of grants which seem 
later to have been aggregated into one tract or plantation of 6488 
acres owned by Major Isaac Harleston. The writer has never 
ascertained the original grants which composed this tract but to 
them or some of them was attached the name of "Irish town." 
Why called "Irishtown" is not (on the surface at least) apparent. 
The adjoining barony called the Cypress Barony had been ac- 
quired by three Irishmen John Gough, Michael Mahon and Domi- 
nick Arthur and it may be that through them and persons brought 
out by them the neighbourhood acquired the name. At any rate 
for a number of years before the end of the IS**" century that plan- 
tation or section was know^n as Irishtown. Major Harleston was 
the grandson of John Harleston the first of the name who came to 
the Province. He was in June 1775 commissioned Captain in the 
second regiment of foot commanded by Col William Moultrie 
was afterwards promoted Major and served until taken prisoner at 
the capitulation of Charlestown 12 May 1780." He died unmar- 
ried in 1798 and the plantation descended to his brothers and 
sisters. One of these sisters Margaret Harleston married Thomas 
Corbett a merchant in Charleston, and their daughter Hannah 
Margaret Corbett married Jacob AemiUus Irving of Ironshore, 

»/Wrf., Bk.P, 7,p. 93. 

"/Wa., Bk. V, 8, p. 210. 

•» S. C. Hist, and Gen. Mag., Vol. IH, p. 157. 


Jamaica,^* from which marriage descended the late D' John B. 
Irving. D', Irving spent much of his early life on the Eastern 
Branch of Cooper river and was afterwards the owner of Windsor 
and Kensington plantations on that river. To his connections 
and associations with Cooper river is due his delightful collection 
of sketches styled A Day on Cooper River which has become also 
a handbook of reference for that region. East of Silk Hope and 
North of Wahiut Grove lie two plantations called Mt. Pleasant 
and Dog Swamp. These two plantations had been acquired by 
the Rev*^ Thomas Hasell by grant or purchase^' and by his will he 
devised them, the Mt. Pleasant plantation to his son John, and to 
his son Andrew Dog swamp.^° Andrew must have acquired Mt. 
Pleasant from bis brother John for at his death in 1763 he devises 
both Mt. Pleasant and Dog Swamp to his son Andrew Hasell," who 
in turn at his death in 1 789 devised Mt. Pleasant and Dog Swamp 
to his sons Andrew Hasell and George Padden Bond Hasell.'* This 
last Andrew Hasell acquired his brothers interest and under pro- 
ceedings had in the Court of Equity for Charleston District both 
plantations as part of the estate of Andrew Hasell deceased were 
on the 10 March 1853 conveyed to the late H. Pinckney Walker." 
They had been in part at least since the grants in 1706 and 1716 
in the hands of descendants of the grantee the Re\^ Thomas Hasell 
of whom four in succession were named Andrew Hasell. Immedi- 
ately East of Mt. Pleasant was a plantation known as Cypress 
Pond of 1004 acres consisting of three grants to Samuel King, one 
12 June 1709 for 180 acres, one 20 Jany 1716/17 for 324 acres and 
one 4 April 1717 for 500 acres." These three tracts were sold to 
John Hasell a son of the Rev** Thomas Hasell who by his last will 
devised them to his wife Hannah Hasell who on the 9*'' March 1753 
conveyed them to Robert Quash,*^ by whom or his son Robert 
Quash they were sold to Hopson Pinckney. Hopson Pinckney 
was an Englishman, a brother of Roger Pinckney who came out 

"/&«/., p. 160. 

»» Memo. Bk., VoL 5, p. 213. 

"Prob. Ct. Charleston, Bk. 1747-1752, p. 333. 

n /&»(/., Bk., 1760-1767, p. 283. 

"/Wf., Bk.B,p. 352. 

•» M. C. O. Charleston, Bk. V, 12, p. 89. 

M Proprietory Grants, Vol. 39, pp. 35, 195, 198. 

« Memo. Bk., VoL 7, p. 63. 


to South Carolina about 1764 as the deputy for Richard Cumber- 
land. They were sons of Roger Pinckney of Peterborough. Cum- 
berland held a patent from the Crown for the ofl&ces of Provost 
Marshall, Clerk of the Peace, and Clerk of the Crown, and Roger 
Pinckney was his deputy in South Carolina. Hopson Pinckney 
followed his brother out in 1765. Roger Pinckneys wife died a 
year or so after her arrival in the Province and in 1769 he married 
Susannah daughter of Robert Quash and widow of Robert Hume. 
His brother Hopson in 1772 married Elizabeth Quash a sister of 
his brothers wife. There was no relationship or connection be- 
tween these two Pinckneys and the family of Pinckney then in 
South CaroUna of which Chief Justice Charles Pinckney and his 
sons were members, but there are numerous descendants of the 
name in South CaroUna from the marriage of Roger Pinckney and 
Susannah Quash, Hopson Pinckney married second in 1777 
Elizabeth Cannon and at his death in 1794 devised the Cypress 
Pond plantation equally between his children who consisted of 
two daughters Jane, and Mary EUzabeth. The daughters were 
separated after the fathers death. Jane was educated by her 
English relatives and Mary Ehzabeth remained in South Carolina 
and there married first Samuel Ashe and at his death Daniel C. 
Edwards.** By a settlement between the sisters the Cypress Pond 
plantation went to Mary Elizabeth who in 1844 transferred it to 
her nephew Henry Pinckney Walker son of her sister Jane and who 
subsequently acquired the Mt, Pleasant and Dog Swamp planta- 
tions and in 1858 sold the entire property. It may be a matter 
of interest to note that Hopson Pinckney who thus purchased and 
occupied a plantation adjoining the plantation of Thomas Adiby 
came out to Carolina indirectly at least thro' Richard Cumber- 
land whose aimt married Waring Ashby of Quenby Hall Leicester- 
shire.*^ The three plantations were all inland swamp and the cul- 
tivation of rice on them had long been abandoned. 

East of the C)TDress Pond plantation lay a large tract of some 
3000 acres consisting of a tract of 1000 acres granted to Benjamin 
Simons 4 April 1715 and 4 May 1717 and by him conveyed to his 
son Peter and another tract of 1000 acres granted to Peter Sim- 
ons 9 Jime 1717 and two tracts of 500 acres each granted to Cor- 

"M. C. O. Charleston, Bk. B, 12, p. 393. 

" Weston's Documents connected with S. C, p. 103. 


nelius Dupree 21 March 1715 and 9 June 1717 and conveyed to 
Peter Simons. This Peter Simons was the eldest son of Benjamin 
Simons the immigrant and was the Capt. Peter Simons who was 
slain by the Dutartres in 1724 in his attempt to arrest Peter Rom- 
bert (or Rembert) the early predecessor of Joseph Smith and Brig- 
ham Young in inculcating a religion based upon personal revela- 
tions from the Deity which among other things inculcated polyg- 
amy. At Captain Peter Simons death the property seems to have 
descended to his eldest son Peter at whose death in 1748 the prop- 
erty went to his sister Esther who married first Peter Bonneau 
after whose death in 1748 she married Benjamin Marion who by 
agreement with his wife purchased the lands, carried into effect 
by a conveyance to Samuel Bonneau 2 June 1758 and a reconvey- 
ance to Benjamin Marion from him 5 June 1758.*' This place 
seems to have been known only as " Marions" and was devised by 
Benjamin Marion to bis daughters. Northeast of Cypress Pond 
and East of "Marions" was another large plantation of some 3000 
acres consisting of 1000 acres granted to Benjamin Simons 24 Janu- 
ary 1716/17 and conveyed by Benjamin Simons to John Harleston 
11 July 1717, and of 1000 acres granted to Peter Manigault 13 
July 1716 and by him conveyed to John Harleston 11 July 1717 and 
of two tracts of 500 acres each granted to Samuel Burcham 24 
January 1716/17 and 25 March 1717 conveyed by Samuel Burcham 
to John Harleston 11 July 1717.*' This John Harleston was the 
immigrant of the name. The name of "North Hampton" seems 
quite early to have been attached to this property which in 1794 
was owned by Edward Thomas who on 24 Deer 1794 conveyed the 
whole property under the name of "North Hampton" to Lewis 

West of Quenby adjoining it on the river is a plantation origi- 
nally and for over a century and a half known as "Pompion HilL" 
The local pronunciation of Pompion is Punkin — or it may be said 
the contemporaneous speUing of Pumpkin is Pompion. The plan- 
tation takes its name from the bluff or hill on the side of the river on 
which is situated the church building long known as Pompion Hill 

•» Memo. Bk., Vol. 7, p. 371. M. C. O. Charleston, Bk. T. T., pp. 303, 309. 
" Ibid., Vol. 5, p. 232. The grant to Peter Marigault is to Peter Manguatt 
Grant Bk. 39, p. 186. 
w M. C. O. Charleston, Bk. O, 6, p. 241. 


Chapel. The edifice was originally constructed largely through 
the efforts of Sir Nathaniel Johnson. The first building on the spot 
was constructed shortly after the Rev^ M' Thomas' arrival in 1702. 
Writing about 1705 he says. "Here is one church already erected 
" (since my arrival) by the pecuUar direction and religious care of 
"Sir Nathaniel Johnson and at the charge of the Parish."" The 
plantation as subsequently Imown by the name of Pompion Hill 
consisted of an aggregation of smaller grants, and here we come in 
contact with that French settlement which gave for a time to the 
adjoining vicinity the name of Orange or French Quarter. In the 
Ravenel Records printed in 1898 on p. 19 is given a certificate in 
latin from the Rev^ Mr. Phihp Trouillart dated 24 Sep' 1697 to 
the effect that on 24*»^ Sept' 1687 at "Ponkin Hill plantation" he 
celebrated the marriage between Rene Ravenel 21 years of age 
son of Daniel Ravenel dec^ and Charlotte de St. Julien 19 1/2 years 
old daughter of Peter de St. Julien de Malacare residing at Ponkin 
Hill plantation. There is also given a note written at the foot of 
this certificate by the late M' Daniel Ravenel of Charleston dated 
21"* March 1860 viz: "Mem. Ponkin hill, the plantation in the 
"within certificate adjoins the land on which the Episcopal Chapel 
"St. Thomas' parish now stands which is known as the Ponkinhill 
"Chapel. The plantation is now owned by the Honble Alfred 
"Huger and was conveyed to Pierre de St. Julien de Malacare by 
"Pierre Foure by deed dated December 1686. The deed is writ- 
"ten on the plat annexed to the grant in the possession of M' 
" Huger, who allowed me to examine them. The above memoran- 
"dum is taken from one made by me at the foot of the original 
"certificate on 13*J^ of July 1852." 

The writer has been able to find no grant to Pierre Four^ on 
the record. There are however many missing among the early 
grants. It is possible M' Ravenel mistook the warrant, for a 
grant but no warrant to Four^ appears on the present record. In 
a deed of feoffment dated 27 Deer 1711^ Josias Du Pr6 and Martha 
his wife conveyed to the Rev<* Thomas Hasell 140 acres granted to 
Du Pr6 18 Dec' 1703 bounding Northwest on the Eastern branch of 
Cooper river and Southwest on Peter Foure, and a grant of 60 

" S. C. Hist, and Gtn. Mag., VoL V, p. 33. 
» M. C. O. Charleston, Bk. H, p. 68. 


acres to David Hartly dated 14 March 1694" bounds Northwest 
on the Eastern branch and Northeast on lands of Mallear. On 
Moll's map of South CaroUna dated 1715 and republished in the 
Charleston Year Book for 1886 p. 280 the name of " Foree" is set 
down as a settler in that neighbourhood. It thus appears that 
Foure had at least taken up a small tract which he had transferred 
to St. Juhen de Malacare, and from the certificate of the Rev** 
M' Trouillart this tract was distinctly known as Pompion Hill. 
As wiU afterwards appear this Foure, or St Juhen, grant seems to 
disappear, and the writers surmise is that it was abandoned by 
St. Juhen (who returned to England) and was afterwards regranted 
to Du Pr^ or Strahan. The name was extended to cover the 
larger tract or plantation which was aggregated together by the 
Rev<* Thomas Hasell. The Rev** Thomas Hasell was the first 
Rector of the Parish appointed in 1709 after the creation of the 
Parish under the Church Act of 1706. He married Elizabeth 
Ashby daughter of John Ashby the inunigrant and died in 1744 
having been Rector of the Parish for 35 years. By his will he 
devised to his eldest son Thomas the plantation on which he dwelt 
called Pompion Hill containing 1540 acres in five tracts, adjoining 
each other viz. one of 140 acres, one of 200 acres, another of 200 
acres another tract "adjoining the head line" of 462 acres and a 
fifth of 518 acres. The record shows as we have seen that 
Josias Du Pr^ conveyed to him 140 acres on 27 Deer 1711 and also 
that ComeUus DuPre and Jane his wife conveyed to him on 29 
May 1723 200 acres granted 18 Sept' 1703 to Josias Du Pre sen'." 
and that John Strahan and Elizabeth his wife conveyed to him 
on 16 August 1723 200 acres granted to John Strahan 2 August 
1707.^' Thomas Hasell does not state in his will to whom the 
two other tracts of 462 and 518 were originally granted but Samuel 
Thomas who purchased the property in 1750 states that they were 
originally granted to Benjamin Simons'* so that neither Four^ nor 
Malacare appear in the title. Thomas Hasell the younger some 
three years after his father's death conveyed the plantation as 
containing 1127 acres to his brother John Hasell" who on 5 Dc- 

» Proprietory Grants, VoL 38, p. 81. 

« M. C. O. Charleston, Bk. H. p. 71. 

^ Ibid., p. 73. 

» Memo. Bk., VoL 7, p. 220. . 

" M. C. O. Charleston, Bk. D. D, p. 199. 


cember 1750 conveyed the same 1127 acres to his brother-in-law 
Samuel Thomas. D'. Irving states that it was sold to the Rev^ 
Samuel Thomas and having become the property of the parish 
was by the Vestry of the Parish of St. Thomas sold to Thomas 
Shubrick on 15 June 1784 as if the sale to Samuel Thomas was 
followed by a transfer for the use of the Parish, but nothing of 
that appears on the record and we next find the plantation mort- 
gaged by Thomas Shubrick to his cousin Richard Shubrick in 

On 20 March 1 791 Thomas Shubrick as Executor of his father the 
late Thomas Shubrick conveys to WiUiam Bamett the Pompion 
Hill plantation as containing 991 acres.'* The elder Thomas Shu- 
brick died in 1779. His son sells the property in 1791 as part of 
his father's estate. His father must have acquired it prior to 
1784 the date given by D'. Irving. 

WiUiam Bamett seems to have transferred to Gabriel Manigault 
who on 5 March 1805 conveyed to his brother-in-law Nathaniel 
He3n,vard the plantation known as Pompion Hill containing 991 
acres*" and also conveyed him the tract of 500 acres (on resuryey 
found to contain but 336) originally devised by John Ashby the 
second cassique to his daughter Anne Manigault. On the map this 
336 acres is styled the "Club House" tract. On 1 February 1823 
M' Heyward conveyed to the late Alfred Huger the property called 
Pompion Hill containing 991 acres and the Club House tract M' 
Alfred Huger was the son of John Huger the owner of the "Hagan" 
plantation at the T of Cooper river and had there spent his early 
years. Jle was for many years prior to 1865 the postmaster for 
the City of Charleston and held high position from his integrity, 
abihty, and character. During M'. Huger's ownership, and pre- 
sumably by him, the name of the place was changed from Pom- 
pion Hill to "Longwood." Why this was done is not known to 
the writer but the old name fell into disuse as applied to the plan- 
tation and was restricted to the bluff on which the Chapel stands. 
The plantation is now known as Longwood. At M'. Huger's 
death after the war of 1861-1865 the plantation was sold away. 
West of Longwood and on the Une between it and Middleburg 

" M. C. O. Charleston, Bk. C, 6, p. 515. 
w/Wi., Bk. Q, 6, p. 237. 


plantation "on a high bluff, rising abruptly from the bed of the 
"river, stands the Parish Chapel, commonly known as Pompion 
"Hill Chapel taking its name from the hill on which it stands."" 
An account of it is given in D' Irving's work. A road or wide ave- 
nue from the public road leads directly to the door. The church- 
yard around the building now covers some 10 to 12 acres. The 
church was always one of the parish churches, the church edifice 
of St: Denis being the chapel of ease until 1747, when by Statute 
Pompion Hill Chapel was declared a chapel of ease of the parish 
church. The history of this chapel will be found in Dalcho, in 
D' Irving's work and in the preface to the printed Registers of 
the Parish of St. Thomas and St: Denis printed under the super- 
vision of the Rev. M' Clute in 1884.» 

The next plantation Middleburg is one in a personal aspect of 
the most interesting in the State. It was the starting point of 
the Simons family one of the most prolific and wellknown from its 
character and widespread connection in the low country. It was 
first owned and settled by Benjamin Simons the first immigrant 
of the name. The record does not show exactly when he arrived. 
He is supposed to have been one of the French Huguenot immigra- 
tion. The name Middleburg which very early is found attached 
to the plantation is supposed to be after Middelburg the ancient 
capital of the province of Zeeland in Holland; but what connection 
if any Benjamin Simons had with Middelburg does not appear on 
the record. His name does not appear among those contained in 
the list commonly known as the " St Juhen" list of French desiring 
naturalization, nor among those mentioned in the statute of 1696 
as French thereby recognized as naturalized. The earliest men- 
tion of Benjamin Simons the writer has found on the record is in 
the issue of a warrant on 15 July 1697 to lay out to him 100 acres 
in Berkley County.*' No grant appears on the record as made 
at that time. The earliest grant to him seems to be one dated 5 
May 1704 for 350 acres.^ From the description this grant cov- 
ered an integral part of Middleburg. The first Benjamin Simons 

" Irving, Day on Cooper River, p. 67. 

"Inscriptions from the tombs in the church yard at Pompion Hill were 
printed in this Magazine, VoL XIV, pp. 112-114. 
"Printed warrants, 1692-1711. p. 146. 
" M. C. O. Charleston, Bk. E. E, p. 212. 



died about 1717 having had no less than ten children and by his 
Will dated 14 June 1717 he devised to his youngest son Benjamin 
Simons a number of tracts aggregating 1545 acres and may be 
taken as representing the grants composing Middleburg at the 
death of the first Benjamin Simons in 1717.*^ This 1545 acres was 
made up of 100 acres granted to Nicholas Longuemare 14 March 
1693/4, of 220 acres part of 300 granted to John Aunant 12 May 
1703, of 350 acres granted to Benjamin Simons 5 May 1704 and 
of 875 acres part of 1000 granted to Benjamin Simons 15 Sept' 
1705. Nicholas de Longuemare on 5**" January 1685^ received a 
warrant for 100 acres and the grant for this 100 acres is probably 
the grant referred to and must have been acquired by Benjamin 
Simons. Nicholas de Longuemare is mentioned in the marriage 
certificate of the Rev"* M"^ Trouillart before referred to as being 
present at the marriage together with Josias Dupr6 as friends of 
the bridegroom Rene Ravenel. 

The first Benjamin Simons took out grants for a very consid- 
erable acreage in the parish of St: Thomas and seems to have been 
possessed of means considerably in excess of the mass of the French 
settlers in that locality. At the death of the second Benjamin 
Simons about 1773 having had no less than thirteen children, the 
property by some family arrangement was transferred to his son 
the third Benjamin Simons.*^ It was transferred as then contain- 
ing 1659 acres being substantially the 1545 acres with a slight addi- 
tion. The third Benjamin Simons who married Katherine Chicken 
made large additions to the Middleburg holdings. He had acquired 
before his father's death from one John Cumining or his estate 
some 828 acres consisting of a number of small tracts aggregated 
by Gumming and had received also a gift of lands from his father 
and had also purchased some other tracts so to aggregate his hold- 
ings which he called Middleburg to some 3342 acres. Of this he 
sold off to John Bryan 7433^ acres on 2 April 1785.^'' At the death 
of the third Benjamin Simons of Middleburg in 1789 his lands at 
Middleburg went to his three daughters. He also owned a plan- 
tation called "The Grove" situate in the section called Seewee 

• Memo. Bki, Vol S, p. 263. 

» Printed warrants, 1680-1692, p. 183. 

" M. C. O. Charleston, Bk. D, 4, pp. 125-180. 

"/Wrf., Bk.F,6,p. 256. 


near Seewee bay on the coast. The Middleburg plantation as 
surveyed after the death of the third Benjamin Simons contained 
2599 acres and was partitioned among his three daughters. To 
Lydia who married Jonathan Lucas was allotted Middleburg prop- 
er containing the settlement and the larger part of the water 
front 774 acres; to Catherine who married William Hort the re- 
mainder of the river front with some pine land 768 acres; to Mary 
who married David Maybank the inland rice land and pine land 
in all 1056 acres.*' On the map the part allotted Catherine Hort 
is designated as Simons Ville but it seems to have been generally 
known as "Horts"' by which name it was on 4 January 1827 sold 
to John Bryan.'" On 21 June 1824 Joseph and Mary Maybank 
the children of Mary Simons transferred to John Bryan the part 
allotted their mother" which on the map is designated, and ap- 
pears to have been constantly known as "Smoky Hill." The part 
allotted to M" Lucas was after her husband's death transferred for 
partition to her son Jonathan Lucas in 1840'* in whose hands or 
those of his descendants the property remained until long after 
1865 so that part included in the grant to Benjamin Simons in 1704 
remained in his direct descendants imtil that period. 

The "Horts" and "Smoky Hill" parts were by the assignee of 
John Bryan in 1843 conveyed to the late W™ J. Ball" Since 
1865 all three parts have been acquired by M' John Coming Ball 
who now owns Middleburg, the whole 2599 acres as before the par- 
tition among the daughters of the third Benjamin Simons. 

The 743^ acre tract this last Benjamin Simons sold oflF to John 
Bryan in 1785 is styled in the deed of conveyance as "Camp 
Vere." D'. Irving states that the name is derived from a small 
village of that name near Middelburg. The maps the writer has 
been able to have access to show a village called "Veere;" but it 
may be that on such a small scale the village of Camp Vere does 
not appear. John Bryan who died in 1804 devised "Campvere" 
to his son John Bryan** and by the latter's assignee it w^ in 1843 

** Of. Hist. Com''. Marriage Settlements, Vol 2, pp. 280-281. 

»» M. C. O. Charleston, Bk. V, 9, p. 67. 

n /6«f., Bk. O, 9, p. 255. 

»»/Wrf.,Bk.N, ll,p. 196. 

•»/W<f.,Bk.L, 11, p. 124. 

»• Prob. Ct. Charleston, Bk. D, p. 429. 


conveyed to M" Margaret H, Laurens^^ by whose granddaughter 
M" Anne Laurens de Saussure it is still owned. 

The next plantation West of Campvere and Middleburg is a 
plantation called from a very early period the "Blessing." On 22 
June 1682 a grant for 780 acres was made to Jonah Lynch on the 
south side of the Eastern branch of Cooper river "at a place 
called Mattesaw also the Blessing."^ Mattesaw was no doubt 
the Lidian name but why the EngUsh name of "Blessir^g" was ap- 
pUed to it is difficult to say. Jonah Lynch had apparently ar- 
rived in the colony with two servants in 1679.^' On 16 Oct' 1680 

he received a warrant for acres and probably the grant of 

22 June 1682 was under that warrant. His grant of 780 acres 
seems to have been located just Northwest of a grant of 70 acres 
"at the first bluff landing up the long creek" made 6 April 1681 to 
Elizabeth Willis.'^ As a mere guess the WTriter suggests that Jonah 
Lynch may have come over in the Proprietor's ship the Blessing 
of which John Coming was mate on her first voyage to the colony 
in 1669 and of which he subsequently became the master, and 
have named his grant after the ship. 

Jonah Lynch was the ancestor of the South Carolina family df 
that name of which Thomas Lynch J' who signed the Declaration 
of Independence in 1776 was one. The grant of 780 acres was 
largely on the river front beginning at or near the point where a 
large creek entered the river and the land granted ran apparently 
along the river to a grant to Christopher Beech which last grant 
eventually formed a part of Campvere. 

This creek was known by the Indian name of W^boo or Wis- 
boo-e. Later from the Lynch holdings it became known as Lynch's 
creek and later still from the nimiber of French settlers in the 
neighbourhood, the vicinity became known as the Orange quarter, 
or more commonly as the French quarter and the creek as French 
quarter creek as it ran through the heart of the French settlement. 
The grant to Jonah L3aich would seem to have descended to John- 
son Lynch his eldest son. Nevertheless the latter took out three 

•» M. C. O. Charleston, Bk. R, 1 1, p. 1 16. 
*• Proprietory Grants, Vol. 38, p. 63. 
" Printed Warrants, 1680-1692, pp. 143-144. 

»« Proprietory Grants, Vol. 38, p. 37. An Elizabeth Willis is stated to have 
married John Harleston the immigrant. See this Magazine, Vol. Ill, p. 156. 


grants, one 29 March 1700 for 400 acres^' (in the warrant said to 
have been laid out to Jonah Lynch) and two on 27 July 1711 for 
300 and 500 acres respectively' ^^ aggregating 1200 acres which ap- 
parently include the 780 acres of Jonah Lynch. On 18 Oct' 1709 
Johnson Lynch sold to John Blake 100 acres ofiF the Eastern part 
of the property'"' and thereafter died leaving to take the remaining 
1100 acres his widow Susannah Margaret Lynch and his two 
daughters Mary who married Peter Robert and Margaret. These 
three on 18 Dec' 1734 conveyed the 1100 acres to Anthony Bon- 
neau'°^ who in 1740 transferred the whole 1100 acres to his son 
Peter Bonneau."^ On 6*^ Oct' 1760 this 1100 acres seems to be 
owned by John Deas,"** who must have acquired it prior to that 
date. How and when he acquired it the writer has never been 
able to ascertain on the record whether direct from Peter Bon- 
neau or through intermediate transfers. John Deas was a Scotch- 
man who came to the province some years before 1760 and was 
apparently in business as a merchant in Charlestown with his 
brother David Deas. He married Elizabeth Allen daughter of Wil- 
liam Allen. The record shows that he added to the Blessing in 
1770 130 acres granted to Abel Bochet 1 Sept 1697^«' and m 1775 
100 acres granted to George Juin 17 Aug. 1700."* He also ac- 
quired other lands in the vicinity. The entire tract seems to have 
been known as the Blessing when it was acquired by John Deas 
but in 1785 he conveyed to his son John Deas J' the Eastern part 
of the tract imder the name of the Blessing plantation.'"' The 
name Blessing seems thereafter to have been restricted to this 
Easten part of the original tract adjoining Campvere. Subse- 
quently John Deas J' in 1789 transferred to his brother-in-law 
Archibald Broun the Blessing plantation containing 631'°' acres 
and an adjoining tract on the Cooper which seems also to have 

"Proprietory Grants, Vol. 38, p. 375. Printed warrants, 1692-1711, p. 126. 
iw/Wi., Vol. 39, pp. 105-106. 
"» Memo. Bk., VoL 2, p. 101. . 

'"Memo. Bk., VoL 3, p. 120. 
»«/Wd., p. 531. 
»M M. C. O. Charleston, Bk. Q, 3, p. 112. 

^<* Ibid., 0,3, p. m. 

>" /Wa., Bk, Q, S, p. 425. 


conveyed to him by his father containing 267 acres known as Cedar 
Hill'"' and after the death of John Deas Sen' his Executrix in 1791 
conveyed to Archibald Broun the Cherry Hill tract being that part 
of the original tract lying on the river and Wisboo creek" ° and 
containing 628 acres. The deed also includes a tract of 124 acres 
called "The Folly" situate on French quarter creek. Why 
"The Folly' the writer has not been able to ascertain. It is a 
part of the gossip which has perished with its generation. The 
name still remains in "Folly Landing" on the creek and the Folly 
road leading to the landing. According to the boundaries it would 
appear to have been the tract of 100 acres granted to George Juin 
in 1700 and acquired by John Deas in 1775 as formerly the prop- 
erty of John Combe. The deed further included a tract of 462 
acres which was part of 800 acres granted to Alexander Delamott 
5 May 1704."' All of which must have been acquired by the 
elder John Deas in his lifetime. By Archibald Broun a rearrange- 
ment of the lines was made, and on 29 Novi^ 1791 he conveyed to 
Henry Laurens Jun' the Blessing plantation containing acres"' 
and in 1796 he conveyed to Henry Laurens Sen*^ Cedar Hill 996 
acres and Cherry Hill 746 acres."* The Blessing having passed to 
the devisees of Henry Laurens one half became vested by convey- 
ances in M' Jordan M3a-ick the planter so eulogistically referred 
to by D' Irvington in his work and was at his death sold to M" 
M. H. Laurens the owner of the other one half and at her death 
was sold in 1860 to the late W™ J. Ball. Cedar Hill was sold in 
1821 as part of the estate of Henry Laurens to the late W™ Wragg 
Smith from whom it passed to James Poyas by whom in 1850 it 
was conveyed to the late W"* J. Ball. Cherry Hill which had 
passed to the late Commodore D. N. Ligraham thro' his wife Miss 
Harriet H. Laurens was by them in 1857 also transferred to W^ 
J. Ball so that M' Ball had in 1860 reunited in himself the entire 
original tract called the Blessing. Since 1865 however it was sold 
away to different owners. West of Wisboo creek lies the very 
extensive and formerly very valuable rice plantation called the 



"1 Proprietory Grants, Vol. 38, p. 459. 

»" M. C. O. Charleston, Bk. H, N«>. 6, p. 2. . 

"»/Wi., Bk. R, 6»p.48. 


Hagan just at the point where the Cooper divides into its two 
branches. The first grant covering the Hagan was a grant to 
Samuel Wikon of 1000 acres made 24 August 1688 and described 
as bounding West on Ahagan creek.'" That was the Indian 
name for a considerable creek that makes from the southward into 
the Eastern branch of the river at the T. 

It is variously spelled Ahagan, Hagan, and Ehegging creek. A 
high bluff comes to the river near the creek entrance called Ahagan 
Bluff. The grant to Samuel Wilson covered only the high land 
along the river from Ahagan Bluff to Wisboo creek. The consid- 
erable swamp margin between the river and the high land was 
ignored. On 11 Jany 1700 a grant was made to Humphrey Tor- 
quett for 320 acres"* covering all the Cedar swamp between Aha- 
gan bluff and "Wisbooe" creek and bounding South on Ahagan 
lands. The name Ahagan shortened to the Hagan was then ap- 
plied to the plantation. On 28 Aug. 1690 Samuel Wilson sold his 
1000 acres to Thomas Gunn and after Gunn's death his three 
daughters sold on 24 May 1708 to one Henry Miller who on 21 
January 1720 sold to Colonel William Rhett and his wife Sarah. 
Colonel Rhett was a most conspicuous figure in the history of the 
Province of the day and his wife "Madam Rhett" was in a way a 
character of equal force. She survived Col. Rhett and married 
Nicholas Trott former Chief Justice of the Province and a person 
of great ability and learning. On 28 February 1729 the daughters 
of Humphrey Torquett, Sarah who married James Belin, and Ju- 
dith who married Ebenezer Ford conveyed to Nicholas Trott and 
Sarah Trott his wife seventy acres of the 320 acre grant. In the 
conflict of lines it would appear that the 320 acres had melted 
down to 70, for the map of the whole 1070 acres includes all the 
river swamp as part of the Hagan plantation. Mrs. Trott survived 
her second husband and devised the Hagan to her grandson Wil- 
liam Moore son of her daughter Catherine Rhett who married 
Roger Moore. On 25 May 1748 William Moore conveyed the 
Hagan to Daniel Huger."® An account of Daniel Huger has been 
given in a previous nimiber of this Magazine in the article on the 
Cypress Barony."' Daniel Huger then acquired on 7 Aug: 1753 

"* Proprietory Grants, Vol 39, p. (59. 

"»/&«., p. 400. 

"• M. C. O. Charleston, Bk. G. G, p. 204. 

u» Vd. xn, p. 5. 


a tract of 450 acres of swamp granted to Paul Torquett 6 May 
1704" 8 lying at the T west of Ahagan creek between that creek 
and the main river which had been sold in 1711 by Paul Torquett 
to Anthony Bonneau whose sons Samuel and Benjamin Bonneau 
conveyed to Huger. He also purchased 400 acres on Wisboo creek 
west of the Hagan which seems to have consisted of four grants"' 

One dated 5 May 1704 to Thomas Monck for 120 acres 

" " " " " " VVilliam Poole 150 ** 

" " "March" " Richard Damey 70 ** 

" " 14 April 1710 " Wm. Pool 60 " 


Thomas Monck on 1 Jime 1705 conveyed his 120 acres to Wil- 
lian Poole'^° from whom they with the 150 acres granted him de- 
scended to his son and heir WiUiam Poole' ^' who seems to have 
acquired the other two tracts and sold the whole 400 acres to 
Thomas Bonny' ^2 who devised to his daughters Anne Bonny (who 
married WiUiam Hull) and Martha Bonny who on 3 Aug; 1783 
conveyed to Daniel Huger. This aggregate of 1920 acres Daniel 
Huger who died in 1754 devised to his son John Huger. Lying 
South of the Hagan on the Cooper river was a tract of land be- 
longing to a family named Akin, The earliest grant to them 
was a grant 1 Sept' 1697 to Thomas Akin for 150 acres.'" Prior 
to that on 30 July 1695 he had acquired from Jonathan Amory 
a tract of 200 granted the latter 12 Sept' 1694. To this Thomas 
Akin added a grant to him of 320 acres 18 Sept' 1703. At Thomas 
Akin's death about 1705 these tracts passed under his will to his 
three sons John, Thomas, and James. He left also surviving him 
a widow Elizabeth Akin and four daughters Sarah who married 
John Lloyd, Mary who married Jeremiah Russell, Martha who 
married first Thomas Monck and second McGregor, and Eliza- 
beth Akin Jun'. John Akin the eldest son acquired 55 acres addi«> 

"« Proprietory Grants, VoL 38, p. 449. 
"» Ibid., pp. 452, 453, 489; VoL 39, p. 75. 
"« M. C. O. Charleston, Book G, p. 339. 

"» Memo. Bk., VoL 11, p. 41. 

»» Proprietory Grants, VoL 38, p. 338. 


tional of "Cedar Swamp" by grant 25 May 1717 and after his 
death devised this last tract and all his interest in the rest of the 
land to his mother for hfe and then to his brothers and sisters. 
His mother seems to have acquired from one Hugh Fling two small 
tracts of 70 and 50 acres granted him on 2 January 1697/8 by deed 
from Fling on 25 February 1714/15 and by deeds of transfer from 
his mother and his brother, brothers in law and sisters made in 
1729 the entire tract of 845 acres was vested in James Akin the 
youngest son."^ This James Akin married Sarah Bremar daughter 
of James Bremar and left two sons James and Thomas Akin and the 
land went to James the eldest who increased the holdings for after 
his death the property known as AJdnfield was sold in 1784 to 
John Huger as 1271 acres.'^^ Mr Huger also acquired in 1796 from 
the estate of Thomas Withers'^^ a tract of 115 acres formerly of 
Joseph Stone and part of a grant of 390 acres to John Stone.'^' 
In 1798 John Huger also acquired a large tract lying South of the 
Akin or Akinfield property. This tract contained the grant to 
Thomas Lynch on 16 Febry 1701 of 500 acres which Thomas 
Lynch on 13 June 1711 sold to Jeremiah Russell"^' and seems also 
to have included 275 acres part of John Stone's 390 acre grant and 
other adjacent tracts. Jeremiah Russell married Mary daughter 
of Thomas Akin and under the will of a Mary Russell (probably 
a daughter or daughter in law of the first Mary Russell) the prop- 
erty passed to John Deveaux, Andrew Deveaux and their sister 
Mary Deveaux who married Joseph Roddom from whom it was 
transferred to John Huger ."^^ It is curious as a survival of names 
that a creek through this land was as early as 1696 and 1708 
called the " Fresh run "'3° which name it still retains. To the lands 
so acquired John Huger added in 1786 two grants of marsh land 
on the Cooper river for 1008 acres the whole constituting a magnifi- 
cent estate of 4965 acres. It included the fertile rice lands of the 
Hagan and the residence was on the fine bluff at the confluence of 
Ahagan creek with the river one of the most conmianding spots on 

"* Memo. Bk., Vol, 3, p. 6. M. C. O. Charleston, Bk. J, p. 150. 

"» M. C. O. Charleston, Bk. K, 5, p. 433. 

^ Ibid., Bk. X, 6, p. 381. 

"7 Memo. Bk., Vol. 5, p. 141. 

^ Ibid., p. 102. 

"» M. C. O. Charleston, Bk. X, «. p. 301. 

»«> Printed Warrants, 1692-1711, pp. 127, 213. 


the whole river. At John Huger's death the property was again 
subdivided. By his will he devised the Hagan plantation proper 
to his eldest son Daniel. To his son John he devised the Akinfield 
plantation containing according to the new lines as described 1723 
acres and to his son Alfred the plantation purchased from Rod- 
dam and Deveaux and called Moreland containing 1386 acres. 
By some family arrangement 442 acres off the Hagan plantation 
called Blanchard's was conveyed by Daniel Huger to his younger 
brother the late D' Benjamin Huger. This 442 acres was situated 
on Wisboo or French Quarter creek and after it passed into Dr 
Huger's possession he gave it the name of Benevento. In 1819 
under proceedings for the settlement of the estate of John Huger 
the Hagan plantation containing 1418 acres was transferred to his 
son John in the hands of whose descendants it continued imtil 
1857. The Akinfield plantation in the possession of the younger 
John Huger had its name changed to Woodland and under that 
name was in 1803 transferred to John Harleston.'" TheMore- 
land plantation devised to Alfred Huger was in 1819 sold to John 
Gordon'^'^ who later in 1828 purchased from the Executors of 
Thomas Allan an adjoining tract of 1317 acres called Pagett's 
landing'^ formerly a part of the Brabant plantation. On this 
tract a brick manufactory had been established which was con- 
tinued and enlarged by M' Gordon and the whole plantation 
became known as the Brickyard and the landing as the Brickyard 
landing and afterwards when a steamboat service was established 
on the river as the steamboat landing. Under the will of John 
Gordon these plantations passed to his widow who afterwards mar- 
ried Governor Thomas Bennett and by Governor Bennett and his 
wife the two plantations were in 1852 conveyed to the late D' Ed- 
mund Ravenel."* 

South of the Hagan and West of Moreland plantation lying on the 
west side of French Quarter Creek was a plantation known as 
Spring Hill. This consisted originally of 510 acres formed of four 
grants, viz. 

»" M. C. O. Charleston, Bk. G, 9, p. 99. 
»» Ibid., Bk. F, 9, p. 359. 
»»»/Wi., Bk. V, 9, p. 262. 
"* Ibid,, Bk. K, 10, p. 706, 


A grant to Denis ELayes about 1694 of 100 acres "• 

" " " Humphrey Torquett's daughters in 1704 230 " "• 

" " " Charles Hayes "1710 80 « "» 

****** ** ** ** 1712 100 ** M« 

510 ". 

Charles Hayes seems to have inherited the 100 acres of Denis 
Hayes. The daughters of Humphrey Torquett were Marianne 
who married Joseph Ford (or Foord), Sarah who married James 
Belin, Judith who married Ebenezer Ford (or Foord) and £li2a- 
beth who died young. James Belin and wife conveyed in 1717 
her share to Joseph Ford who devised to Ebenezer Ford who with 
his wife Judith on 25 Sepf 1723 conveyed the whole 230 acres to 
Charles Hayes on whose death the lands seem to have descended 
to his eldest son Charles Hayes who in 1732 conveyed one half or 
255 acres to his brother George Hayes^^® who sold to John Bonnoitt 
who conveyed to Walter Dallas"" from whom this 255 acres passed 
to Francis Dallas whose Executor Robert Quash in 1759 sold to 
George Seaman."^ The other moiety or 255 acres retained by 
Charles Hayes was by his Widow and his son John Hayes in 1753 
transferred to Robert Quash^^ who with his wife Elizabeth trans- 
ferred to George Seaman^^ who thus reunited in himself the 
whole 510 acres and in 1762 conveyed them to Thomas Dearing- 
ton.'** Thomas Dearington (apparently pronounced Darrington) 
added to tbis holding of 510 acres on the West side of French 
Quarter creek some 224 acres and also 290 acres on the East side 
of the creek including therein 240 acres which had once belonged 
to Peter Dutartre granted to him 12 May 1697.^*' This Peter 
Dutartre was the ancestor of the Dutartre family concerned in the 
religious or fanatical episode in 1724 which resulted in the killing 

'» Printed Warrants, 1692-1711, p. 51. Grant not found on record. 

'» Proprietory Grants, Vol. 38, p. 449. 

i"/Wi.,VoL39,p. 76. 

"* Ibid., p. 235. 

'»» M. C. O. Charleston, Bk. K, p. 384. 

»«/W</., Bk, E.E,p. 265. 

»" /Wi., Bk. B, 4, p. 237. 

»«/Wrf., Bk.B, 4,p. 211. 

»*»/&«/., Bk. A, 4, p. 387. 

««* Ibid., Bk. A, 4, p. 381 and Bk. B, 4, p. 218. 

'* Proprietory Grants, Vol. 38, p. 333. 


of Capt. Peter Simons and the execution on the gallows of four 
persons. After the execution of the Dutartres the lands appear to 
have escheated to the Crown and in 1773 were regranted to D' John 
Mayer at whose death the property was divided among his three 
heirs who all finally transferred it to Thomas Dearington.'^ On 
one acre of this tract near where the public road crossed the line 
between Mayers land and the Brabant plantation at about the 
spot marked on the map published herewith was the Church of 
St: Denis. This was the church for the use of the French settlers 
in the Orange Quarter. There may have been a church edifice 
here erected by the French prior to the Church Act of 1706 but 
by that Statute a parish was created of the Orange Quarter for 
the use of the French Settlement called by the name of St: Denis, 
and the church whether already constructed or constructed under 
the provisions of that Statute in 1708 as stated by D"^ Humphrey 
became one of the churches of the established Church of England. 
The church edifice was made a Chapel of Ease to the Parish Church 
by the Act of 18 December 1708 and the minister was allowed an 
annual salary by the Province. The first Minister was the Rev: 
M' Le Pierre who died in 1728 and was succeeded by the Rev. 
John James Tissot who had been ordained in the Church of Eng- 
land. The services were held in the French tongue but with the 
deaths of the French immigrants' the congregation fell off, the 
children who spoke and understood English uniting themselves to 
the EngUsh churches. M' Tissot died in 1763 and in 1768 an Act 
was passed declaring that from the deaths of the greatest part of 
the parishioners who understood the French language and other 
causes the performing of divine service in the French tongue was 
unnecessary and disused and the French Church useless for a 
place of worship. The Act then directed the Wardens and Ves- 
try of the Parish of St. Thomas and St. Denis to sell the lands 
and buildings of the French congregation the proceeds to be ap- 
pUed to the benefit of the poor of the Parish. The church edifice 
was probably of wood. At any rate no sign or vestige of it now 
appears. It was only by the most diligent search and examina- 
tion of old maps and deeds that its site could be ascertained and 
established with approximate certainty. 
At Thomas Dearington's death Spring Hill passed to his son 

»*• M. C. O. Charleston, Bk. S, 5, p. 364-7; Bk. J, 6, p. 177. 


John Dearington who in 1824 sold it to Col: Jacob Bond I'On'*' 
who shortly after in 1830 sold it to, Edward R. Laurens'*' from 
whom in 1836 it passed to W™ Postell Ingraham. M' Laurens 
changed the name to "lonia;""^ but the older name svurvived and 
Ionia ceased to be used as the name. Whilst in the hands of 
Thomas Dearington an immense amount of work seems to have 
been done on the property. According to D' Irving he replaced 
the meandering course of the creek by a large straight canal from 
where the creek entered his land adjacent to the Hagan line to a 
point some distance East of the bridge on the public road to 

Next South of " Moreland" and of Spring Hill lay the extensive 
property known as Brabant's or the Brabant plantation. This 
plantation was an excellent illustration of the absorption of smaller 
grants into a large plantation. The basis was a grant to Francis 
Pagett in 1 704 for 200 acres.^^o -po this he added 200 acres granted 
Lewis Juin in 1696, 210 acres granted James Belin in 1704, 500 
acres granted to Daniel Brabant in 1709, 26 acres granted to Daniel 
Brabant in 1710, 200 acres granted to Julien Carteau in 1704, 150 
acres granted to Philip Norman in 1705, two grants for 390 acres 
each to Francis Pagett in 1714, 70 acres granted to Francis Pagett 
in 1719 52 acres granted to Francis Pagett in 1718/19, 200 acres 
granted to Anthony Poitevin in 1707 and 150 acres granted to 
Peter Poitevin in 1713 a total of 2528 acres. The 500 acres 
granted to Daniel Brabant in 1706 had been originally laid out to 
James de Bordeaux under warrants issued in 1677 and 1698. 
Daniel Brabant styled "surgeon" and sometimes "Doctor" mar- 
ried Magdelaine one of the daughters of James de Bordeaux and 
after de Bordeaux' death his other children viz Anthony de Bor- 
deaux, Judith de Bordeaux and Margery Poitevin conveyed in 
1708/9 their interests in the land to Daniel Brabant and his wife 
and thereafter Brabant took out a new grant to himself."' From 
him the place took its name which was applied to the entire tract. 
At the death of Francis Pagett about 1730 these lands passed under 

»" /JJi., Bk. Q, 9. p. 191. 

»* Ibid., Bk.Z, 9, p. 459. 

"»76«f., Bk.M, 10,p.446. 

^ Proprietory Grants, VoL 38, p^ 421. 

«« Of. Hist. Com'., Bk. 1701-1712, p. 74. 


his will to his three sons Francis, Peter, and John.^" Either by 
inheritance or transfer all of the tracts became reunited in John 
Pagett who added four additional tracts making a total of 3600 
acres all apparently known as one plantation called the Brabant 
plantation. John Pagett married Constantia Hasell eldest 
daughter of the Rev: Thomas Hasell and granddaughter of John 
Ashby the 2°'* Cassique, and had one child Elizabeth Pagett to 
whom descended the Brabant plantation. Elizabeth Pagett mar- 
ried the Rev: D' Robert Smith then Rector of St Philip's Church 
in Charles Town and the Brabant plantation of 3600 acres was 
transferred to her husband,'^ who retained it after his wife's death 
without surviving children. During the Rev: M' Smith's long 
ownership of the property he added to it considerably by pur- 
chase and it was his country seat and residence when his duties 
permitted a residence in the country: and the property was greatly 
developed by him. The Rev^ M' Smith took a very pronounced 
position in the American Revolution in favour of the Province and 
against British control. He held the position of Chaplain Gen- 
eral to the Southern Department of the Continental Army and 
during the siege of Charlestown he "shouldered his musket and 
"amidst scenes of the greatest danger both by precept and ex- 
" ample stimulated to intrepid resistance.'"" After the surrender 
of Charlestown he wafe immediately banished, ajnd though ill and 
confined to his bed a sentinel was not allowed to quit his chamber 
until he was taken from it to be transported to Philadelphia and 
his name appears at the head of the list published in the Gazette 
of persons whose property was confiscated by order of Sir Henry 

During the siege of Charlestown Brabant house was for a time 
the headquarters of Lord Cornwallis who commanded the British 
forces on that side of Cooper river and also of "Quarter Master 
Jack" and it was at Brabant that occurred the episode related by 
D' Irving of the hanging of Mauder the Rev: M' Smith's overseer 
to compel him to disclose where the plate and silver of his employer 
and of the Church had been concealed."* It was on Brabant at 

« Memo. Bk., Vol. 5, pp. 31, 32, 33. 

»» M. C. O. Charleston, K, 3, pp. 108-117, 

"* Garden's Anecdotes, 1"* series, p. 199; . - 

"• Day on Cooper River, p. 49. 


the bridge across French Quarter creek that took place on 2* 
January 1782 the encounter between the British under Major 
Co&ii and a part of Marion's command under Col Richard Rich- 
ardson which resulted in the defeat of the Americans.'^ After the 
war he returmed to Charleston, was one of the original members 
of the Society of the Cincinnati in South Carolina, was the first 
Principal of the College of Charleston, was one of the chief, if 
not the chief, movers in the reorganization of the Church of Eng- 
land in the State and its union with the Churches in the rest of the 
country as the Protestant Episcopal Church in America and 
in 1795 was consecrated first Bishop of the Diocese of South Caro- 
Una. He died in 1800 and under his will Brabant passed to his 
eldest son the late Robert Smith of Charleston who sold off some 
outlying parts of the plantation retaining the body of the property 
and the residence and settlements. After his death the property 
was in 1852 disposed of by his heirs to the late D'. Edmund Rave- 
nel. The property had therefore continued in the same hands 
without sale from 1704 to 1852. 

The old house and residence at Brabant shared the fate of so 
many of the family residences in St: Thomas' Parish — destruction 
by fire; and abandonment, consequent upon the complete over- 
turn of private and pubhc fortunes by the war of 1861-1865. 
The late Hon: George S. Bryan then District Judge of the United 
States for South Carolina related to the writer the following an- 
ecdote as evidencing the melancholy effects of this destruction: 

He said an old friend of his who in his youth had spent many 
happy days with the family at Brabant could not forbear, upon a 
return visit to his native soil after a very prolonged absence, from 
going again to the scene of his past enjoyment. He fo\md the ruins 
of an abandoned home. An irregular jungle where he had known 
a well ordered garden with its flowers and shrubbery. A muddy 
pool with broken banks grown up with reeds and young cypress, 
lifting their heads against a dark grey sky, in the place of the once 
ornamental pond or lake, and the only sound the dismal croakhig 
of a flock of jackdaws in the tops of the cypress, where he bad 
known a place filled with the music of laughter, and song, and the 
pleasant voices of affectionate friends. The shock of the contrast 
was such that he turned away imable to bear it, with 

w McCrady, So. Co. in the Revolution, 1780-1783, p. 590. 


" Tears from the depths of some divine despair 
Rise in the heart and gather to the eyes" 

and left the spot never to return. 

D'. Edmund Ravenel had previously in 1835 purchased from the 
Executors of John Gordon a plantation lying southwest of Bra- 
bant called "The Grove" consisting of several tracts aggregated 
by Gordon, including one of the outlying parts of Brabant lying 
on Cooper river, which had been sold off by Robert Smith, and 
covering in all 3364 acres. He subsequently in 1852 purchased 
from Governor Bennett and his wife the widow of John Gordon 
another part of Brabant called Pagett's Landing which also had 
been sold off and also the Moreland plantation sold by Alfred Huger 
to John Gordon the two places containing together 2831 acres, 
and later in the same year — 1852 — he acquired the rest of Bra- 
bant, 1420 acres, from the heirs of Robert Smith thus again unit- 
ing in one owner nearly the whole of the original Brabant and mak- 
ing with the other lands acquired by him an estate of 7615 acres. 

Much of the area this article treats of covers the French settle- 
ment or Orange Quarter. A detailed account of that settlement 
and the first French settlers in the Province will be the subject 
of another article. This must be restricted to the Ashby Barony 
and the adjoining plantations. The map accompanying this Arti- 
cle has been gathered together by years of comparison and collec- 
tion of ancient maps and deeds. It does not attempt to do more 
than generally indicate the lines of plantations as existing at about 
the end of the eighteenth century. Subsequent changes of owner- 
ship and title have made of course an entire difference in these. 


Compiled by Mabel L. Webber. 

The first number of the South-Carolina Weekly Gazette, appeared 
on Saturday, February 15, 1783,' printed by Nathan Chflds, 85 
Church Street; on March 3, 1784, the paper became semi-weekly 
and the name was changed to South Carolina Gazette and Public 
Advertiser. In 1785 an attempt was made to issue it three times a 
week which was soon discontinued. In 1786 the name was 
changed to the Charleston Morning Post and Daily Advertiser, and 
the paper was published daily except Sundays, Some time in 
1787 or 1788, the name was again changed to City Gazette or Daily 
Advertiser, which title, with minor changes, it held until some years 
after 1832 when it was sold to the proprietors of the Charleston 
Courier. This paper had several able editors during its existence, 
among them, Peter Freneau and W. Gilmore Simms. 

Married.] At Accabee, near this Town, Col. Lewis Morris, 
Aid de Camp to the Hon, Major General Greene, to Miss Ann 
Elliott, daughter of the deceased WiUiam Elliott, Esq. — ^In St. 
John's Parish, Mr. John Bryan to Mrs. Lydia Simons, Widow of 
the deceased Edward Simons, Esq. — In Charlestown, Dr. Robert 
Grant, to Miss Esther Lesesne, Daughter of Mr. Peter Lesesne. — 
Mr. William Hutchins, Schoolmaster, to Miss Martha Stent 
(Saturday, February 15, 1783.) 

Died.] Mr. William Stukes, Merchant. — Mr. Abraham Spidel, 

St. James Goose Creek, Jan. 22, 1783 

"On Thursday evening, the 16th instant, died at his Seat Arch 
dale, on Ashly-River, Richard-Bohun Baker, Esq; a sincere Friend 
and an Honest Man, few were blest with a greater share of good 
Sense and soimd Judgment, the Display of which were greatly 

* A very full history of this paper, as well as other Charleston papen, wai 
compiled by A. S. Salley, Jr. and published in the Centennial edition of the 
News and Courier, 1903. 



prevented by an almost continued Indisposition for many Years, 
which he bore with the Fortitude and Resignation that forms the 
Characteristics of a truly wise man, (Saturday Feb. 15, 1783) 

Married.] In Charlestown, Mr. William Freeman, Merchant, 
to Miss Elizabeth Pringle, Daughter of the deceased Robert 
Pringle, Esq. — Mr. John Gibbons, to Miss Ann Benfield, only 
Child of the deceased .Air. John Benfield. — Mr. John Kneeshaw to 
Miss. Elizabeth Sutcliff, youngest sister of Mr. John Sutcliff. — 
At Indian Land, Mr. Wilson Glover, to Mrs. Margaret Heyward 
widow of the deceased Daniel Heyward, Esq. — In St. Thomas's 
Parish, Mr. Isaac Lesesne, to Miss Judith Muzon, eldest daughter 
of Mr. Peter Muzon. — At James Island, Mr. WiUiam Gibbes, to \' 
Miss Mary Holmes, daughter of Mr. John Holmes. — Lately at 
Port Royal, Mr. William Joyner, to Mrs. Elizabeth Joyner, widow 
of the deceased Mr. James Joyner. (Saturday, February 22, 

Died.] Lately at John's Island, in the bloom of life, much re- 
gretted by her Friends and Acquaintances, Mrs. Mary Geyer, 
Wife of Mr. John Geyer, Merchant, and daughter of Mr. Thomas 
Hanscome. — At Fishing-creek, Camden-District, Mr^. Susanna 
Knox, Wife of D"". James Knox. — In Charlestown, Mrs. Eliza- 
beth Yates, Wife of Mr. Seth Yates. — In the i7th year of his age, 
Master Thomas Godfrey, a promising youth. Son of the deceased 
Mr. Benjamin Godfrey. (Ibid.) 

[Wednesday.] A small boat coming from James Island, overset, 
by some Accident, near Lamboll's bridge; by this unfortunate 
Event, Dr. Lewis, of the Continental Hospital, and a Negroe Fel- 
low, were drowned. (Saturday, March 1, 1783.) 

Early the same morning died, in the 39th year of his Age, 
Thomas Grimball, Esq; Major of the Charlestown Battallion of 
Artillery. — At the Commencement of the War, inspired with the 
sacred Love of his Country, he took an early Part, and sacrificed 
the greatest Part of his Fortunes and domestic Tranquillity in 
Defense of her Liberties. After the Surrender of this Capital to 
the British Arms, he was taken in the same, and afterwards, con- 
trary to a solemn Capitulation, he was banished by a lawless 
Banditti to St. Augustine, during which time, in the Hour of his 
Country's deepest Distress, he steadily adhered to and never for- 
sook her; after which he was exchanged and sent to Philadephia, 


and from thence but lately returned to his native Home. In his 
private life, he was a tender aflfectionate Husband, a sincere friend, 
charitable to the Poor, a kind indulgent master, and a truly honest 
Man. — His Remains were on the next Evening followed by a 
numerous Train of relations. Friends, Acquaintances, Brother Of- 
ficers and men of his Batallion, and interred with Military Honours, 
in the Family Vault in St Philips Church Yard. (Saturday March 
1, 1783.) 

Last Tuesday evening Stephen Fogartie, Esq; of St. Thomas's 
Parish was married to Mrs. Martha Wigfall, Widow of the de- 
ceased Benjamin Wigfall, Esq. 

Last Wednesday morning Daniel Legare, sen. Esq; was mar- 
ried to Miss Frances Thomas, daughter of the deceased Mr. 
Daniel Thomas. (Saturday, March 8, 1783.) 

Last Thursday morning died Mr. David Bruce, Printer, in the 
52d year of his age, 24 of which he resided in Charlestown; his 
sudden death is much regretted by a numerous acquaintance, as 
an inoffensive and truly honest man. — The next evening his re- 
mains were interred in St. Michael's Church yard, attended by a 
great niunber of respectable inhabitants. (Saturday, March 15, 

Yesterday died, after a long and tedious illness which he bore 
with christian patience and resignation, in an advanced age, the 
Rev. Mr. Alexander Garden, Rector of St. Thomas's Parish, much 
esteemed and respected by all who knew him. (Ibid.) 

Last Sunday morning died at Sandy Hill, occasioned by a fall 
from his horse the preceding evening, Lieut. Col. Stewart, of the 
Maryland line, whose untimely death is much lamented by his 
acquaintances, particularly by the officers belonging to the army. 
— His remains were on Monday morning brought to Town, and 
in the afternoon interred in St. Philip's Church yard, with mili- 
tary honours, attended by a great number of his brother officers, 
and many of the inhabitants. (Saturday, March 29, 1783.) 

Last Wednesday afternoon Simon Berwick, Esq; was shot by 
two white men, about twelve miles above Dorchester, on his way 
from town to his plantation in Ninety-Six District. — ^He was 
greatly esteemed by all who knew him, which makes his untimely 
death much lamented. (Ibid.) 

Died.] At the Round O, John Ward, Esq; formerly an eminent 


merchant in this town. — At Stono, Mrs. Sarah Nicholes, wife of 
Henry Nicholes, Esq. (Ibid.) 

Married.] Mr. William Smelie, of Wp.Jmalaw Island, to Mrs. 
Mary Lowrey, of the same place. At Sayanna, in Georgia, Major 
John Habersham, of the Georgia regiriicent, and Commandant of 
that town, to Miss Nancy Camber, daughter of the deceased 
Thomas Camber, Esq; and Benjami/i Lloyd, Esq; to Miss Polly 
Morell, daughter of the deceased Jwhn Morell, Esq. (Saturday, 
April 5, 1783.) 

Married.] Last Tuesday evem'./g, Thomas Middleton, Esq; to 
Miss Nancy Manigault, daughter of the Hon. Peter Manigault, 
Esq, deceased. — Capt. Francis Ilill to Miss Sally Fair, daughter 
of Mr. WilUam Fair, Merchant, (Saturday, April 12, 1783.) 

Died.] Last night, in the bbom of life, after a lingering illness, 
which she bore with uncommon patience and resignation, Miss 
Jenny Jones, of this town, a young lady esteemed through life by 
a numerous acquaintance, v/ho now sincerely laments her death. 
[Verses.] (Ibid.) 

Married.] Lately at PJiiladelphia, Dr. David Ramsay, of this 
town, to Miss Witherspoon, daughter of D'. Witherspoon, of that 
City. — In Charlestown, ^ast Thursday evening, Thomas Hutchin- 
son jun. Esq; to the amiible and accompUshed Miss Betsy Leger, 
daughter of the deceased Mr. Peter Leger, Merchant. — ^Thesame 
evening, Mr. Benjamin Waring (son of John) to Miss Susanna 
Hamlin, a young lady of great beauty and merit, and daughter of 
the deceased Mr. Samuel Hamhn.— At John's Island, on Sunday 
last, Mr. George-Hext Freer, to Miss Susanna Holmes, daughter 
of Mr. Daniel Hohnes. (Saturday, April 19, 1783.) 

Died.] On Tuesday lasi, in child-bed, much regretted by all 
who knew her, Mrs. Eleanor Screven, wife of Col. Thomas Screven, 
and daughter of the Rev. Mr. OUver Hart, formerly pastor of the 
Baptist Church in this towr . (Ibid.) 

Married.] Mr. Charles Snowden, to Miss Nancy Lawrence, 
daughter of Mr. EtseU Lawrence, Ship Carpenter. (Saturday, 
AprU 26, 1783.) 

Died.] On Monday last, after a long and tedious iUness, Thomas 
Rutledge, Esq; much esteemed through life by a numerous ac- 
quaintance, and now sincerely lamented. — ^The same day at 
Stono, the Rev. Mr. John Lewis, Rector of St. Paul's Parish. — 


On Thursday last, in the bloom of life, Miss Ann Edwards, second 
daughter of the deceased John Edwards, Esq; and last evening 
her remains were decently interred in the family vault in the Inde- 
pendent church yard. (Ibid.) 

We have the pleasure to inform the public the Rev. Mr. Lewis, 
Rector of St. Paul's Parish is not dead, as mentioned in our last, 
through wrong information. (Saturday, May 3, 1783.) 

Married.] Last Thursday, Mr. Isaac Walter, of Bacon's Bridge, 
to Mrs. Elizabeth Hopkins, widow of the deceased Mr. 'V\^lliam 
Hopkins. — ^The same day, Mr. John Boomer to Miss Patty Rey- 
nolds, daughter of Mr. William Reynolds, of Wadmelaw, Island. 

Died.] After a lingering illness, Mrs. Margaret Imrie, of this 
town. (Ibid.) 

Sir James Wallace was lately killed in a duel with one of his 
ofl&cers at Bath, England. (Saturday, May 10, 1783.) 

Yesterday, about five oclock in the afternoon, a melandioly 
circumstance happened in a house in Union Street. A quarrel 
having arisen, Mr. Jacob Amst, a constable belonging to the town, 
interfering to restore peace, received a mortal wound under his 
ribs, from one John Young, a barber, which put a period to his 
life in a few hours. (Ibid.) 

Married.] Last Thursday evening, Colonel Anthony-Walton 
White, of New Jersey, to Miss Margaret Ellis, yoimgest daughter 
of the deceased Mr. William Ellis, of this town, merchant; a young 
lady endowed with every accomplishment requisite to render the 
connubial state happy. (Ibid.) 

This morning died Mr. James Wright. (Saturday, May 17, 

Married.] At Boston, lately, Capt. Butler, of that place, to 

Mrs. Elizabeth Lyon, widow of the deceased Mr. John Lyon, of 
this town. (Saturday, May 24, 1783.) 

Married.] Lieut. James Milligan, of the Pennsylvania Kne, to 
Miss Betsy M' Allister of this town. (Saturday, May 31, 1783.) 

Died.] Mr. Charles-King Chitty, Sadler.— In the 60th year of 
his age, Capt. John Conyers. (Ibid.) 

{To be continues^ 


Annotated by Joseph W. Barnwell 

{Continued from the October number) 

Salisbury Nov. 26. 1780 

Gent, — 

I have just rec**., by the person whom I sent to Hillsbor*'., your 
favours of the 10*'>. & 24^*". ult°., & observe with pleasure, what you 
say, respecting a Letter to the King of France — I hope Congress 
will send several Copies of it — each.^ by a Gentleman of Address, 
Sense, & Spirit, Master of the subject, & well acquainted with 
the French Language, who will, without offence, or the fear of 
giving it, make a full & true Representation of oiu: Affairs — ^I be- 
lieve nothing else is necessary to obtain from France, immediate 
& ample Supplies of Money, cloathing, Tents, Arms & military 
Stores, & a suff*. Aid of Troops & Ships — an Early & vigorous Cam- 
paign w*^. give us Independence — that sh*^. be the first object of 
France & America — and our utmost Efforts used to obtain it, as 
soon as possible — The Chevalier^ & Marquis are warm friends of 
America — ^They will, if requested, give us their influence & Inter- 
est — I wish the Marquis w^. be personally an Advocate for Amer- 
ica, with his Prince — an Application from Gen^ Washington w**. 
have considerable Effect in France — & a confidential Officer, sent 
by him, to concert measures, with the French Minister of War, 
w^. do more, than can be expected, from our Plenipotentiary at 
Versailles, with the Coimt deVergennes — 

It is a melancholy Reflection (when we consider our inexhausti- 
ble resources, & powerful aUiance) that there sh''. be a British Sol- 
dier on the Continent and intolerable that, in the present Stage 
of the War, our Affairs sh*^. be in such a wretched Condition, as 

^ It was not until a year after this letter was written that CoL John Laurens 
was sent by Washington as a Special Envoy to the Court of France with ezcd- 
lent results. In Vol. 1, page 13, of this Magazine will be found considerable 
correspondence between Laurens and others as to his work in France. 

• Anne-C£rar, Chevalier de la Luzerne then French Minister to the United 
States. "The Marquis" was of course LaFayette. 



they are — I am persuaded that nothing w<*. can retrieve them will 
be omitted by you. — Col. Marion had a successful Skirmish some 
Weeks ago, with a party of Tories' — the enclosed Extract of his 
Letter to me will give you the particulars — It is said, here, that 
Tarlton attacked Sumpter last Thursday,* & was repulsed with 
the Loss of upwards of 100 killed & wounded — ^that Tarlton is 
mortally wounded (but was carried off) that only one Man was 
killed on our side & that Sumpter was slightly wounded in the Arm 
(the ball was cut out) & retreated pretty high up the Country, 
apprehending that the Enemy were ab*. to attack him, in great 
force — I give you this News, as we have it — There is no official 
Acco*. come, of it, but, it is told, with great appearance of Credi- 
biUty — However We must not pubUsh, till We are sure of it, — ^I 
repeat my request, that you will transmit to me, with the greatest 
dispatch, every material Occvurrence, and am w***. great Respect. 


yr. most obed Ser*. 
J: Rutledge 
P. S. I shall set off, as soon as I close this Packet, for Charlotte — 

Charlotte DeC. 8*^, 1780 

At Salisbury, I wrote to you a very long Letter, beg'g ab*. the 
20th & end*, ab*. the 27*''. ult"., & deUv<*. it, on that day to Mr. 
Baird, who was just then setting off for Lancaster — He promised, 
if he went, immediately from thence, to Philad"*. to deliver it, if not, 
to send it pr Express, so that, I presimie, you will receive it, in a 
few days from this Date — The enclosed will give you our latest 
News from C: Town, and an Acc°* of Gen^ Simipter's Engagem*., 
with Wemyss & Tarlton, of Col. Marion's with some Tories, & of 
L; Col. Washington's success ag^. Rugely;' but, what do all these 
things avail, towards the grant point of regg. our Covmtry, the dis- 
tresses of which I want words to describe,— On the 29**'. ult". I went 
to Col. Watson's in the New Acquisition* (S". Carolina,) ab*. 20 

» At Black Mingo, September 14, 1780. 

* At Blackstocks, November 20, 1780. Sumter's wound kept him out <rf the 
field for some time to the serious detriment of his command. 

•The capture of Rugeley's fortified house and 112 men on Dec. 4, 1780 by 
threatening him a log or wfth logs resembling Artilleiy. 

• York County. 


Miles from hence, to confer with Gen'. Sumpter, who had been 
removed thither — it was really melancholy to see the desolate Con- 
dition of poor Hills Plant"; & the Situation of his family — all his 
fine Iron Works, Mills, dwelling House & Build", of every kmd, 
even his negroe Houses, reduced to Ashes, and his wife and Chil- 
dren in a little Log-Hut — I was shocked to see the ragged, shabby 
Condition, of our brave & virtuous Men, who w^. not remain in 
the power of the Enemy, but have taken to Anns — ^This, however, 
is but a faint description of the Suffering of our unfortunate Coun- 
try for, it is beyond a Doubt, that the Enemy have hanged many 
of our People, who, from fear, & the Impracticab'y- of removing, 
had given Paroles, &, who, from Attachm*. to our side, had joined 
it — nay, Tarlton has, since the action at Blackstock's, hung one 
Capt. Johnston, a Magistrate of respectable Character — ^They 
have also burnt a prodigious N°. of Houses, & turned a vast many 
Women, formerly of affluent, or, easy fortune, w***. their children, 
almost naked, into the Woods — Tarlton at Gen*. Richardson's Wid- 
ows, exceeded his usual Barbarity, for having dined in her House, 
he not only burnt it, after plundering every thing contained, 
but having drove into the Barn a N°. of Cattle, Hogs, Poultry, he 
consumed them, together with the Barn, & the Corn in it, in one 
general Blaze, & this because he pretended to believe, that the 
poor old Gen^ was with the Rebel-Army, tho*, had he open'd his 
grave, before the Door, he ihight have seen the Contrary — Many 
more of the Staunchest Inhab*. of C:T: (it is said ab*. 90,) have 
been sent, ab* a Fortnight ago to St. August^., & others are to fol- 
low — I have not been able to procure a list of them — ^I believe 
none is pubUshed, but, I recollect that Mr. A: Middleton' is of 
the Number — Mr. Gadsden is confined to the Castle, the rest of 
the first sett are on Parol, in the Town — Col; C: C. Pinckney's 
family are turned out of his House — In short the Enemy seem de- 
termined, if they can, to break every Man's Spirit, &, if they can*., 
to ruin him — Engage-m*»., of Capitulation, & Proclamations, arc 
no Security ag* their oppression & Cruelties — they make a great 
Parade of Mr. Middleton, "formerly Preside of the Con^ Congress" 
&* old Mr. Manigault having apphed to be admitted as British 
Subjects, w*** they have been — Indeed, I fear many will follow their 

' The signer oi the Declaration of Independence and son of Henry Middleton 
mentioned afterwards in this letter. 


Example — the unfort* affair, near Camden, the want of any Sup- 
port ever since, & the Uttle prospect of any, have affected the Con- 
duct of many, who were well disposed, & whose Hearts may, per- 
haps, still be w^^ us — Our last acco*" from Virg», are, that th* En- 
emy, who had embarked on App'. of a Fleet, supposing they might 
be French, (probably the Transports from N.York for CrTown, 
as Ment** in the So. Carolina Gazette of 27th ult°) had relanded, 
on discovering them to be friends, & that a Reinforcem* was ex- 
pected in Virg* — If so, & the Reinforcem*" expected in C: T: have 
arrived, or should arrive, (which they probably will, if they have 
not aheady,) instead of moving down — w^. it is likely that our 
Maneuvres may be of the retrograde kind — Indeed, the present 
prospect is truly gloomyr-very different from what you, at 
Philad*, conceive it, if you credit w^ I presume you do, (willing 
to catch at good news however improbable,) such Intelligence as 
that pubUshed in Dunlap's Paper of 4th. ult". said to come from 
Richmond — Gen* Green arrived here the 2** Inst*. — he left Baron 
Steuben to command, for the present, in Virginia — if the Baron is 
to take Rank of Smallwood, he will leave us; However, you will 
hear from him, on that Head. Gen'. Green will establish expresses 
from hence, to Hillsbor°. (none having been yet app**.) and have 
all the Expresses, from hence, to Philad*. put upon the best Foot- 
ing, for Regularity, & dispatch so that I hope, in future, to hear 
from you, at least once a Week — oftener, if you have any thing 
material to communicate — no acco**. from C.Town, or elsewhere, 
respecting the Spaniards going ag* S*. Augustine, or Pensacola — 
your Intelligence from Havanna, I think, must be ill founded — 
Inclosed I send, for your Information, and the Information of Con- 
gress & the Chev.' (but it sh'^ go no further) an Acco* of the En- 
emy's Strength, & Posts in S°. Carolina & Georgia, & of our Force 
in S°.C. & this State — from which you may readily form a just 
opinion of Affairs in this Quarter — I have given Genl Green, a 
Copy of this Acco*. of the Enemy's Strength & Posts, w** probably 
he will transmit & I refer you to his Acco* of our Strength, but I 
beheve you will find mine pretty accurate — Gen'. Gates, in his 
last Letter to the Board of War (which pray peruse,) expressed his 
Sentiments, very fully, requesting Supplies, (or rather the Want 
of 'em) for the Southern Army — I am fully persuaded of your At- 
tention, to every Measure which I have recommended, but it is 


truly mortif3dng, to find so much Inattention, in the department 
whose Business it is to furnish Supplies for the Army, very few of 
the Articles, ordered for the Southern department, have ever 
reached the Army, what have come are received in Driblets, & 
exceeding bad order, so as to be of Uttle if any service — such, Con- 
duct is shameful — what can you expect from an Army who are in 
want of everything — There must be some strange Mismanagement, 
in your executive department, (which Sh^ be enquired into, & 
corrected) or this w** not happen, unless indeed, the supplies, or- 
dered, can*, be had for want of Money — if that is the Case, it is 
ridiculous to order a Board of War to furnish Supplies, when they 
have not the Means of procuring 'em — it is only tantalising us, & 
productive of the worst Consequences — ^but why have they not 
Money? — I am told every Article which is wanted may be pro- 
cured in Phil*, for Money, or Bills, — Why will not Congress draw? 
— Surely it is oiu- Pohcy, to draw, for neither France, Spain, or 
Holland, will ventiire, however they may threaten, to protest your 
Bills — How do you expect to carry on the War, without Money? 
Taxes where a Country is attacked, or possessed by the Enemy 
can*, be collected, to keep pace with the demands for it — ^The 
Presid*. of Congress has transmitted to me, their Resolve of Oct. 
30""., on the Appointm*. of Gen'. Green to the Southern Command 
— His Army is to consist of all the Regular Reg*'. & Corps raised, 
or to be raised, from the States of Delaware to Georgia, inclusive — 
this sounds high — ^but, what that Army is, at present, you see — 
& what it is likely to be, if composed only of such forces, you may 
judge — I will try what can be done w*''. N°. Carolina, as to raising 
a permanent Corps of Regulars — Several Gent, think the Meas- 
ure will go down, when the Assembly meets next M° — I am not 
so sanguine, but even, if it does, when will they be equipt, & em- 
bodied, fit for Service? — ^how men will be obtained, in S*. Caro- 
lina or Georgia, with*, money, or cloathing, I know not — upon the 
whole, Gent., it appears to me, that the Enemy in S". Carolina are 
or soon will be, reinforced — that the Troops in Virg*., under Les- 
lie, will also be reinforced — that it is probable, they will endeavour 
to eflfect a Junction, in N". Carolina, &, if they make such an At- 
tempt, in force, they will receive considerable Aid from N*. & S*. 
Carolina, that they will either effect such Junction, or in attempt- 


ing it, will ravage & distress this State, &, as I can* conceive the 
Policy of suffering the main Army, & the French Troops, to re- 
main in Winter-Quarters, in the Eastern States, (where they can 
have nothing to fear,) instead of opposing the Enemy's vigorous 
operations in the Southern — I request, & exhort you, to use your 
utmost Influence, & endeavours, to obtain, as soon as possible, 
such Aid from the Grand Army, and from the Forces of his Most 
Christian Majesty, as may not only check the further progress of 
the Enemy tow^. this State, but regain every part of S*. Carolina 
& Georgia — & that you will have the proper departments fur- 
nished with the Money necessary for procuring, & forwarding, all 
the Supplies which are wanted — that you will particularly, press 
the sending 'em quite on to this Army, (not to be stop'd, or de- 
layed, in Virg*. or N°. Carol*.,) under the Charge of a trusty per- 
son to attend 'era the whole Way — I think Gen'. Washington's 
presence, for a little while, this Way w*^. have a very happy Ef- 
fect — I wish he w**. come, & see with his own Eyes, the Importance 
of doing something effectual, for S°. Carolina, for really, hitherto, 
every thing has been trifling — He might return before he c**. be 
wanted at the Northward — 

Suppose we c**. raise Troops in S°. Carolina, how could they be 
Officer'd, according to the Resolve of Congress of Oct; 21"*. — the 
Officers of our Cont'. Battalions being Prisoners of War — ^I wish 
to hear from you, on that point — I do not see how Men c^. be ap- 
pointed to command these Regiments — & this Circumstance. is, 
therefore, an effectual Bar to any Attempt to raise Men — I wish to 
know, as the Enemy have certainly broke the Capitulation of C. 
Town, in many Instances, whether Congress w*". approve of the 
Cont'. Officers, who are on Parole, at Haddrell's point, coming, or 
being bro*^. off — as I think such a Measure might be effected, if 
approved by Congress, but with*, their Consent, it sh**. not be at- 
tempted — ^This, however, must be kept a profound Secret — other- 
wise the Attempt might fail, & our Friends be ill treated — I ob- 
serve Gen'. Green is impowered to make Exchanges of Prisoners 
in the Southern departm*. — but, whom have we to exchange, for 
our Continental Officers, & Soldiers in C. Town? — I wish to know 
the Idea of Congress respecting the Exchange of our Inhabitants 
taken in Arms, with the Enemy — ^you recollect, that we have al- 


ways looked upon the exchanging 'em as a dangerous preced*. 
Does the power given to Gen'. Green, of making Exchanges, ex- 
tend to such persons, whose Lives & Fortunes are by our Laws of 
Treason forfeited? I sh*^. think not, for, if we exchange them, We 
certainly acquit 'em from the Offence of taking up Arms agst 
their Country, & allow the Enemy to recruit their Armies, with 
impunity, in our States — but, it may be said, if we do not, how are 
our Militia to be exchanged? — I don't know what practice has pre- 
vailed, on this point, in the Eastern States, where I presume there 
laws, ag**., their People taking up Arms, with the Enemy, are simi- 
lar to ours — but, there sh"^ be an Uniformity of Conduct, in the 
several States, on this Head — pray, therefore, be explicit on it — & 
be pleased to inform me, as soon as possible, of the Sentiments 
of Congress on these several Points — ^also, what Steps are taken, 
or taking, for relief of the Southern States, & what Certainty there 
is, of our receiving real & substantial. Aid, & when We may de- 
pend on obtaining it — I think you have employed the Eagle Pilot 
Boat very well, & that she may be continued in the same service — 
if the Letters w*''. were intercepted, on the Way from Comwallis' 
Camp at Charlotte, to C:Town, & w**. Gen*. Gates sent to Con- 
gress, are deciphered, pray let me know their Contents — Should 
any Overtures of Peace be made, (tho' I see no Prospect of them 
at present,) I trust that Congress will never listen to a treaty of 
uti possidetis, whilst the Enemy hold any part of the 13 States; 
However, it will be best to use your utmost Exertions to recover 
S°. Carolina, as far as possible, lest We sh**. be obliged to accept 
such Terms — I request your Endeavours to effect an Exchange of 
our Prisoners in S**. Carolina, as soon as you can, and your Atten- 
tion to having 'em supplied, as well as possible, during their Cap- 
tivity — By return of the 2*^. flag, you will know what Articles were 
most wanted, & pray dont fail to send 'em — if a French Force 
sh**. really be coming this way, give us Notice of their intent"., 
in Time for us to make the necessary Preparations for them — 

I am with great Regard & Esteem 

Gent. y*. most obed*. Serv*. 
J: Rutledge 

P.S. Sumpter will not be able to take the Field in less than 3 
or 4 Weeks — He is bro*. up to a House ab*. 10 Miles below this 


place — & I shall go down, w***. Gen'. Green, ToMorrow to see 
him,' & converse on many Points, on w**. he is well informed. 

P.S. Pray communicate that part of this Letter w**. relates 
to the Enemy's & our force this way" & the Enemy's Ravages in 
So. Carolina to the Chevalier — if the Express does not go off too 
soon I will write to him (the Chev*.) and refer him to you for 

The Delegates of S". Carolina in Congress 
Turn over 

I find the same difficulty subsists with respect to filling the N*. 
Carolina Continental Battalions as does with respect to those of 
S®. Carolina. — the N". Carolina Officers being also Pris". of War. 
— How can this difficulty be removed? See the Resolve of Con- 
gress passed in Oct'. & abovemenf*. 

* The meeting referred to took place and Greene was much impressed with 
Sumter's enterprise. Sumter Correspondence, Charleston Year Booh 1899^ 
Appendix, page 73. 

•The "Accont" of the opposing forces referred to in this letter will be 
published ia the next issue of this Magazine. 

{To be continued^ 

Copied by Mabel L. Webber 

Christ Church parish was established by act of Assembly, Nov. 
30, 1706; and its boundaries defined by an act of Dec. 18, 1708, as 
follows: "to the North east by a large creek or River, commonly 
called Awindaw Creek or Seawee River, being the bounds of Cra- 
ven county, to the South-East by the Sea, to the West by Wando 
River, and to the North- West partly by the said River, and partly 
by a line drawn from the Cowpen of Capt. Robert Daniel, or the 
Swamp at the head of Wando River exclusive, to the Cowpen of 
Joseph Wigfal, on the head of the said Awindaw Creek or Seawee 
River inclusive."* 

The first church was begun in 1707, but was not completed for 
some years. This church was accidently burned in February 
1724/5, but was almost immediately rebuilt, and was again burned 
by the British in 1782; the present church was built after 1800. 
The communion plate, a chalice and paten, were the gift of Jacob 
Motte Esq, 1763. 

The Register and Journals are badly mutilated, and a consider- 
able portion lost 

In making this copy for printing, the original register is used in 
connection with a copy made for this Society by Langdon Cheves, 
Esq. a number of years ago. 

1694. John Cobb son of John Cobb and Mary his wife was bom 
October y* 1"*. Anno Domini, 1694. 

1694. Philip Givens, son of John Givens and Mary his wife was 

bom September 29*^» A. D. 1694. 

1695. Raebek Givens Daughter of John Givens & Mary his wife 

was bom December 10*'' A. D. 1695. 

1700. Mary Givens Daughter of John Givens & Mary his wife 

was bom February 4th A. D. 1700. 

1701. Ann Givens Daughter of John Givens & Mary his wife 

bom December 10th A. D. 1701. 

1 Dalcho, page 275. 



1707. Solomon Givens son of John Givens & Mary his wife was 

born January 1«*. A. D. 1707, and was baptized Decem- 
ber 26*'' A. D. 1708. 
1706. Thomas Jones, son of Philip Jones & Rebecca his wife was 
born January 5^. A. D. 1706. 

1708. Francis Jones son of Philip Jones & Rebecca his wife was 

bora October 15*^. A. D. 1708. 

1706. John Holibush son of John HoUbush & Mary his wife was 
bom December 27*^". A. D. 1706. 

1708. EUzabeth Holibush daughter of John HoUbush and Eliza- 
beth his wife was bom November ye 21**. 1708. 

1700. Mary Watson, daugher of \^rilliam & Elizabeth Watson his 
wife was bom May 8***. A. D. 1700 and was baptized 
August 5*^ A. D. 1700. 

1702. Catherine Watson daughter of William Watson & Eliza- 

beth his wife was bora November 6*'' A. D. 1702. 
1704. Jone Watson Daughter of WilUam Watson & Elizabeth his 
wife was born October 8th 1704 and baptized May 27* 
A. D. 1707. 

1703. EUzabeth Watson, Daughter of WiUiam Watson & EUza- 

beth his wife was bora March 12*'' 1708. 
1707/8. Levi Durand was bora in London January 1st. 1707/8. 


Mary Sibley Daughter of Samuel Sibley & Mary his wife was bom 

October 19, 1706. 
Richard Sibley son of Samuel Sibley & Mary his wife was bom 

February 13*''. A. D. 1708. 
Benjamin Joy son of WilUam Joy & EUzabeth his wife was bom 

May ye 5*''. A. D. 1706. 
Maria Joy Daughter of WiUiam Joy & Elizabeth his wife was 

bora October 6*''. A. D. 1708. 
EUzabeth BaUow Daughter of WiUiam BaUow & EUzabeth his 

wife was bora September 28*'' A. D. 1708. And was baptized 

October 9*'' 1708. 
John HoUbush son of John HoUbush & Elizabeth his wife was 

baptized December 13*'». 1708. 
Richard Rowser son of William Rowser & Sarah his wife, was bom 

July 20th A. D. 1709. and was baptized August 25th 1709. 


Thomas Richardson son of Thomas Richardson & Mary his wife 

was bom September 9*^. A. D. 1709, and was baptized Decem- 
ber 26*^ 1709. 
Deborah Barrett Daughter of Benjamin Barrett & Bethia his wife 

was born October 9^. A. D. 1709. 
Elizabeth Tassell Daughter of Samuel Tassell & Elizabeth ids wife 

was bom November 20 A. D. 1709. 
WiUiam White sone of William White & Susannah his wife was 

bom November ye 15 A. D. 1709. 
Sarah Spencer daughter of Oliver Spencer & Mary his wife was 

bom September 24*'' 1709. 
Jemima [Sic] Webb the Sone of Benjamin Webb & Sarah his wife 

was born November 25th Anno Domini 1709. 
Rebecca Evans Daughter of John Evans & Elizabeth his wife was 

bom March 30^, A. D. 1705. 
Elizabeth Evans Daughter of John Evans & Elizabeth his wife was 

bom April 22«*. A. D. 1707. 
Marie Brown Daughter of Clement Brown & Anne his wife was 

bom May 21st. A. D. 1699. 
Clement Brown Sone of Clement Brown and Ann his wife was 

bora November 9^ A. D. 1702. 
Thomas Brown sone of Clement Brown & Ann his wife was bom 

May 30 A. D. 1704. 
Aim Brown Daughter of Clement Brown & Ann his wife was 

bom April 24, A. D. 1706. 
Edward Brown sone of Clement Brown & Ann his wife was bom 

May 22<» A. D. 1708. 
Mary Capers daughter of WiUiam & Mary Capers was bom May 

6th A. D. 1696. 
William Capers Son of William & Mary Capers was bom Decem- 
ber 15 A. D. 1698. 
Sarah Capers Daughter of William & Mary Capers was bom April 

5 A. D. 1701. 
Elizabeth Capers Daughter of William & Mary Capers was bom 

June 5"^ A. D. 1700. 
Rebecca Burck Daughter of John Burck & Elizabeth his wife 

was bom April 25**». 1716. 
Samuel Dashwood the Sone of John D^shwood & Ann his wife 

was bom September 22*. 1710. 


Thomas Holibush son of John Holibush & Elizabeth his wife was 

born December 10*'' A. D. 1710. 
Elizabeth Joy Daughter of William Joy & Elizabeth his wife was 

born January the 1«*. 1710/11. 
Charles Givens sone of John Givens & Mary his wife was bom 

August 28"* A. D. 1710. 
John Barton sone of Thomas Barton & Ann his wife was bom 

November the 1«*. A. D. 1710. 
Hester Sibley Daughter of Samuel Sibley Jun', & Mary his wife 

was bora August 30*^. A. D. 1710. 
George Barksdale sone of John Barksdale & Sarah his wife was 

bora April ll"*. 1711. 
Robert Clement sone of John Clement & Joanna his wife was bom 

January 30*''. A. D. 1710. And was baptized April y 1&^. 1710. 
Thomas Gibbons the Illegitimate sone of Jemima Gibbons was 

bom May S*** 1711. 
Joseph Maybank the sone of David and Susannah Maybank was 

bora February ye lO***. 1711. And was baptized April y* 3^ 

Anno Domini 1711. 
Elizabeth Bollough Daughter of John Bollough & Martha his 

wife was born March y* 22«*, 1711 and baptized May ll*"* A. D. 

Marie Webb Daughter of Thomas Webb & Lydia his wife was 

bora February 1»*. Anno Domini 1712/13. 
Sarah Evans Daughter of Jonathan Evans & Marie his wife was 

bom July y* 5^ Anno Dom. 1710. 

{To be continued) 



The following letter was written by one Joseph Baily, an offi- 
cial of the colony of Charles Town, Carolina, to the English am- 
bassador in Spain, and was intercepted by the Spaniards. Baily 
had been sent to Saint Augustine in June, 1670, to demand the 
release of some Englishmen, who had been captured by the Span- 
iards. Instead of securing the Uberty of his countrymen, he him- 
self was imprisoned, the Spanish governor feeling that it would be 
imwise to allow the EngHshman, said to be second in command in 
the Enghsh colony, to return to CaroUna, and report the defenceless 
condition of the Spanish post. Baily's letter was sent to the Coirn- 
cil of the Indies, and an investigation was ordered, but the out- 
come does not appear. The letter is interesting, not only on ac- 
coxmt of its quaint style, but also for the side light it throws upon 
early Anglo-Spanish relations on the Carolina-Florida frontier, and 
for its corroboration of the fact that the Carolina colony was first 
known as Saint George, the designation almost invariably em- 
ployed by the Spaniards imtil well into the eighteenth century.* 

W. E. Dunn, 
University of Texas, Austin, 

Right Honor*»^ 

being imployed oiie a voyage by y* Lord Duke of Albamarle the 
Lord Ashlee the Lord Crauen and others the propriators for the 
Setthng a Collonie in the prouinces of Carolina one of o' vessels 
faUng to the South ward of her port put into a port of the Span- 
iards Caled St Cattalena who not being aquainted with that coast 

* The Shaftesbury papers (vol. 5, Collections So. Ca. Historical Society) gives 
us much information concerning CapL Joseph BaQey. — Eorroa. 

-*The letter is preserved in the General Archive of the Indies, Seville, Spain, 
Audiencia de Santo Domingo, estange 58, caj6n 1, legajo 26. Spanish discus- 
sion in regard to it is found in a communication of Francisco de la Guerra y 
de la Vega, former governor of Florida, to Francisco Fernandez de Madrigal, 
July 12, 1673, /Wi. 



presumed it to be the port where to they wear bound wher being 
Sum feaw dayes and wishing to procure water and poruisions of 
which they were in great want were treacherousely seased on by 
the Indians and eight of them inhumanly murdred the rest hardly 
escaping with y* vessell with one mariner and with much dificultie 
arived at there intended port caled Charles Town on Ashley Riuer: 
whoe giuing the relation there to o' gouernour ordred myself e hau- 
ing y* language and some others w*'' Letters to y* gouernour of 
S* Agustene in order to the releasing of o* men none of which as 
yeat were knowne to be kiled the which gouernour Don Fransisco 
De Gerra instead of releasing o' men that were lining detained me 
a prisoner and likewise dispached thre ships well miind with four- 
ten piragoes mand with Spaniards and Indians by forse of arms to 
cause them to surrender or on y* contrary to enter with fire and 
Sword alwhich by y* disposihand of god was preuented by there 
cables breaking when they were at anchor on y* bar of Ashly riuer 
here is come to the gouerment of this place before the departure 
of Don Fransisco De gerra the Honorable Don Manoel de Pan- 
doya [Cendo)^] to whom I was deliuered by y* other a prisner who 
is pleased to let me know he can by noe means releas me untill 
order comes from y« Quene and coansell of Spane to whom he hath 
sent my declaration taken here upon oath as to o' pretensions in 
settling o' colonie. I stand much obleig^ to the favours of this 
Gouemor who in this excells the former whoe is pleased to furnish 
me and my Lord Ashleys kinsman a prisner with me with moneys 
and ofiFer of anything I may haue nessesary or wish for. 

S* about four or fiue months Siace the gouemor was pleasd to 
Send by the hand of a Soldier a Letter to o* Gouemor S' John 
Yeomans certifiing of sum english prisners that were deliuered into 
his posesion by his Antesesor whoe was pleasd to redemand my- 
Selfe and fiue more with me aledging the articls of the late pease 
concluded betwene there ma*^ of England and Spaine Rg''* Hono*** 
I haue ben detained hear prissoner two years and a halfe and alto- 
gether through the HI dispositions of y* former Gouemor who Con- 
trary to Justice and y* knowne laws and customs of nations forced 
me a prisner coming with a flag of pease and impowered to treat 
peasably as to y* releasing of o' men yeat notwithstanding proseds 
thinking the euells he had don cold not be safe but by atempting 


Rg''* Hono^'* my Seruants and goods I brought from England to 
y* vallew of two or thre hundred pounds are all imbesseld as by a 
letter from that towne and informed which is to my utter imdoe- 
ing therefore adress mySelfe to your honour for Justise and that I 
may not be altogether ruined both in my person and estate through 
the uniust prosedings of y* afore said Don Fransisco De gerra 

I haue the rather presumed one your honours fauours In regard 
of Sum knowledg and acquaintance with that Honorable Geltl- 
man Sr Francis Godolfin and hour honours familly when Lodging 
in Westminster 

Thear is every year diuers shipps and vessells of o* nation pass 
along one this Coast whoe falling among the barbarous Indians 
are put to extreame hassards and loss of Life all which may be 
preuented if an Agent were Settled in this place with power to 
that eflfect and Ukewise would be of great Conceme for y* Con- 
cerning of a true understanding betweene those of o* Collonie and 
this place and to retume our ways one y* one part and on y* other 
I had rieason to expect the Lords propriators would haue taken 
order for my releasment in regard I suffer in their Concerns and 
not for y leaste Intrest of mine owne pticuler I haue write (sic) 
formerly to your honour nominating the place of our english Settl- 
ment S* georges it being soe called in the time of the former Gouer- 
nor deceased 

I shall with Longing expectations waite your honours orders in 
relation to y* premises and Craue Leaue to Subscribe mySelfc 
your Honours most humble Seniant 

Joseph Baily [Original] 
S.* Agusten one Florida 
Desember y* 12.**' 1672 


A South Carolina Federalist on the purchase of Louisiana: 
John Rutiedge* to Harrison Gray Otis of Boston. — Weathers- 
field, Oct. 1, 1803. 

. . . . " I really believe the fever of democracy has bad 
its crisis here and that things will now be growing better and bet- 
ter Our Master [Jefferson] will have mighty fine tales 

* A son of Gov. John Rutledge, and generally known as Gen. John Rutledge. 


to amuse his mountain and their mob with — we shall have the 
prosperous condition of the Republic eulogized, and hear much of 
the great advantages which will obtain to us by the purchase of a 
trackless world — ^A coimtry which when worth the holding will I 
have no doubt rival and oppose the atlantic states. I do not mean 
New Orleans which was absolutely necessary for us to get, and 
which in substance is all we have got for oiu: fifteen millions. This 
seems to me a miserably calamitous business — ^indeed I think it 
must result in the disunion of these States." 
Copied by me from private papers in the possession of Mr. 
Samuel Eliot Morison of Boston, Mass. 

D. HuGES Bacot Jr. 










APRIL, 1917 

Entered at the Post-office at Charleston, S. C, as 
Second-Class Matter 


Joseph W. Barnwell, Henry A. M. Smith, 

A. S. Salley, Jr. 

Mabel L. Webber. 


Letters of John Rutledge 59 

The Register of Christ Church Parish 70 

Order Book of John Faucheraud Grimke 78 

Marriage and Death Notices from the South Carolina Weekly 

Gazette 85 

Inscriptions from the Church yard of old Prince Frederick 

Winyah, at Brown's Ferry, Black River 91 

Historical Notes 96 

N. B. — These Magazines, with the exception of No. 1 of 
Vol. I, are $1.25 to any one other than a member of the South 
Carolina Historical Society. Members of the Society receive 
them free. The Membership fee is $4.00 per annum (the fiscal 
year being from January to January), and members can buy 
back numbers or duplicates at $1.00 each. In addition to 
receiving the Magazines, members are allowed a discount of 25 
per cent, on all other pubUcations of the Society, and have the 
free use of the Society's library. 

Any member who has not received the last number will 
please notify the Secretary and Treasurer. 

Miss Mabel L. Webber, 

South Carolina Historical Society, 

Charleston, S. C. 

The South Carolina 
Historical and Genealogical 



APRIL, 1917 

No. 2 


Annotated by Joseph W. Barnwell 

{Continued from the January number) 

("Account"^ of American and British forces mentioned in letter 
of December 8th, 1780 printed in last issue of this Magazine, 
page 43.) 

2 Forts- 

Augusta-300 Reg«. 


& Mil. und. Brown. 


300 d°. 


& d^.-Col: Cruger. 

No Works. 

Stephen's Cr'^. 


Mil. under Kirkland. 

Blockhouses . 

Col. Williams 1 


-Mil.-Brig.-Genl Rob*. 

on Little River 


No Works 

Shilers Ferry^l 

200— Reg", und^ Major Mo 

Brd. River. J 


near abt. 


d°. -Tarlton 

No Works 

Winnsbor° : 


Reg""^.- Cornwallis w*'', 


abt. 100 of Pearis' 

close red* 



Mila. Capt. TulUs (?) 

^ This "Account" or "State" is not printed in Russells Magazine. 
' Shirers Ferry, frequently called Briersleys' and Strothers Ferry. See 
Tarleton's Memoirs, pp. 175, 184, 202, also excellent large map in same. 
' See Historical Notes, this issue. 




no Works 
xcept an 
at Nielsens 
5 close red*^. 

Col. Thompson's 
Nielsons Ferry* 

200 Mil.-Major McWilUams 

Ab*. 1000 


Lanews Ferry^-a small post of Mil*. 

Camden- 500 Reg^- L*^. Rawdon-ab*. 

200 Mil: 
Geo. Town- 80 Reg". -Cap*. Blake & 

abt same no. of M: 
und Col: Cassell^ 
Ferry near Camden-a small post und"". Col. 

Singleton's Mill 
&-High Hills of Santee) 

N. B. 204 Regs", under Cap*. Maxwell left 
C .-Town : ab*. 20 days ago in Quest of Marion- 
& to take post at King's Tree-they are either 
there or at Lanews Ferry- 
Dec'. 7: 1780- 

Cont^^ of Maryland, Delware & Virg^. at Char- 
lotte & w*^. Gen^ Smallwood 16 miles below 
Cavahy — 

No. Carol". Mil") w*^. Smallwood 
NB. the Times of the Mil*, expire the 10*^. or 
12*'^ inst. 

'♦ Nelson's Ferry across Santee, nearest Charleston except Lenud's. 

* Lenud's Ferry next South of Nelson's. 

® James Cassilis of Georgetown District. Scotchman settled in S. C. 1758; 
mustered with Revolutionists in 1775 conforming under compulsion and took 
State oath, but never bore arms; joined British in Charleston 1780. Be- 
trayed by his own men, carried to North Carolina and imprisoned as a dan- 
gerous leader; made his escape and much employed by the British in danger- 
ous service until the evacuation of the Province. He was banished and pro- 
scribed in 1782. His property was plundered in 1780; was in England in 
1784 and his character attested as well established by Rev. James Stewart, 
Rector of Georgetown. See Royalist Commission Reports, N. Y. Transcript; 
LV, pp. 107, 121 LX, 399; VIII, 76. 

^ James Carey: Commissioned Major by Comwallis 1st Battalion Camden 
Royal Militia, appointed Colonel by Lord Rawdon. See Ontario Bureau of 
Archives, Second Report, pp. 646, 652 and 675 also Roy. Comm. Rep. N. Y. 
Trans., VIII, 132. 


Ab*. 600 Virg'^^ under Gen'. Stevens served for 3 & a few 

for 8 Months — ^great part of their Times ex- 
154. So. Carol. Mil", under Col. Marion ab*. Pedee. 
194. N°. C. Mil. under Gen^ Harrington at Pedee — 
most of 'em ab* to disband. 
4 or 500 S°. Caro^. & Ge°. Mil\ (lately under 
Gen^ Sumpter) ab*. the Iron W°.^ or Pacolet. 
260 reg'^. on the March from Hillsbor". badly 
cloathed — the Virg°^ wretchedly so — N°. C: 
says they will soon have a N°. of Mil*, in the 
field but ques. when or what No. 
150 mil*, und'. GenK Butler guard« Pris". at 

The enemy on the 15*^. also, had not above 500 Regulars in 
C;Town — they were working on the Lines at the back of the 
Town — repairing & strengthening 'em — & it is said they were 
about to raise some Redoubts in front of these Lines. The 
Galatea was in the Harbour. Very few Reg''^. in Sav*. 

Charlotte Dec' 9. 1780. 


I find the enemy have left Virginia, probably, for S°. Carohna, 
or to land in the lower part of this State, ab*. Cape-Fear -River, 
& effect a Junction with Lord Cornwallis, more readily than they 
could from Virginia — your utmost Attention, to the speedy 
Relief of the Southernmost States, is absolutely necessary, & I 
must repeat my Recommendation, of them, to your Care — I 
sh'* have been better satisfied, if the Enemy had remained in 
Virginia, for, I think, that State w*^ have been a Match for 'em, 
& I do not apprehend their Removal will give us any consider- 
able Aid, this Way, from Virginia, nor that, what does come 
(if any sh'^) will arrive soon — &, the reinforcement, from Vir- 
ginia, added to that from N. York will make Lord Cornwallis, 
so formidable, that I fear it will not be an easy Matter to pre- 
scribe Bounds to his Progress, unless he sh^. have Reason to fear 
a respectable force, towards the Sea — Every thing which can 
be done, here, certainly will be, but, we shall look for great Mat- 

8 Old Iron Works. 


ters,^ from you, & you must not from us — I rec^. a letter, of Nov. 
13. from the Presid*. of Congress, last Night, pr Express, but none 
from you — 

I am with great Regard 

Gent. yr. most obed. Ser*. 
J: Rutledge 


W*^. it not be possible for the French Fleet, & Army, at Rhode- 
Island, to sHp out, & get, at last into Chesapeake-Bay? the 
March from thence, hither, w"* not be great — Pray don't let 'em 
remain at Rhode-Island a Moment longer, than can be avoided — 
the British possessing that place is no consequence to Us — 

Thomas's Plantation, on Pedee, nearly 
opposite to Cheraw-Hill— Dec. 30: 17S0 


On the IS*'' Instant, I rec^ your Letter of the 27*''. ult° — I am 
sorry to find, by the Gazette it inclosed, that the King of G: Britain 
has got a new ParUament, altogether to his Mind;^" However, I 
hope that Circumstances will cause our Allies, as well as the 
United States, to make the most speedy & vigorous Exertions, 
for an early Campaign, so as to render it decisive — ab*. 4 Weeks 
ago, Col: Few^^ took Gen'. WilHamson, at his own House, with a 
large Quantity of Provisions, w"'' were laid up there, for the Use 
of the Enemy, but, he suffer 'd him to remain at Home, for sev- 
eral days, on Parol, within w"** Time he was to determine, whether 
he w^. take part with us, or not: However, before the Expir" of that 
Time Col: Cruger marched from his Fort at Ninety Six, with 
most of the Garrison, & was joined by Rob. Cunningham, who 
is a Brig'' of Militia, ag^*. Few — He, misinformed of the Enemys 
No. (470) detached 100 Men, under Clarke, to attack 'em^^ — 

' In season and out of season the Governor urged upon the Delegates the 
necessity of aid, and material aid from other States and from France. As 
the result proved, the gallant efforts of the "partisans," while staying the 
British, could not regain the City or the State. 

*" Yet it was this Parliament which passed Resolutions putting an end to 
the War with America, just after the news was received in England of the 
surrender of Cornwallis at Yorktown. 

^' Col. William Bryan Few of Georgia. 

^* Dec. 11th, 1780. Few has been criticized for his behavior towards 


Clark' was wounded, & obliged to retreat, with the loss of 10 or 
12 Men, to Tyger-River, hav« killed more of the Enemy — Marion 
lately fell on McLawraths Rear,^^ &, with*, any Loss, killed & 
took some of his Men — Gen'. Green marched from Charlotte, 
for this place, with part of the Army, where he arrived Yester- 
day — Morgan is gone with the Remainder, towards Ninety-Six — 
I have appointed Col. Marion, a Brigadier & thrown all the Reg- 
iments, Ew'*. of Santee — Wateree & Catawba Rivers, into his 
Brigade, those to the Westward compose Sumpter's, whose 
Wound (the doctors say), will disable him from taking the field, 
for several months — This is a very unfortunate Circumstance, 
& we shall feel the Loss of his Services; very much, though. During 
his Illness, Morgan will command his Troops — Gen^ Leslie ar- 
rived at C,Town with the forces which were in Virginia, ab*. the 
14 Ins* — The Enemy hold the same Posts in the Country, as I 
ment''. in my last — It is said that appearances at Camden & 
Winnsbor". indicated an Intention to move from those Posts, 
lower down the Country, & some People flatter themselves, with 
the Idea, of their going to C: Town, but I cannot believe that 
they will evacuate Camden,^^ &, if Cornwallis sh'^. leave Winss- 
bor°., he will not go lower, (I think,) than the Congaree — why 
they sh^. go to C: Town I can*, conceive — I rather apprehend, 
the Enemy will attempt to drive us from this place, & prevent 
our collecting Supplies on this River — The Cherokees, or Tories 
painted like Indians, (but I think the former) have lately killed 
some people on the Frontiers of No. & So. Carolina, which has 
prevented, & will prevent, them from turning out, in the remot- 
country, as they ought — We have no certain Acco*. of the Vir- 
ginia troops or Lee's Horse — The report is, that they are come 
ing on, but where they really are, no one here knows — I fear it 
will be long before they arrive, &, when they do, that their Num- 
bers will prove, (as usual) very short — Indeed We hear that 
the 18 Months Men do not exceed 800 — The Time of the Vir- 
ginia Militia, who are here, & who are draughted only for 3 
Months, will expire in 3 Weeks — Our prospect is gloomy, for our 
Numbers are very small & our Men mostly in Rags, almost 

" Major McLeroth of the 64th Regiment, a gallant and humane British 

** Camden was not evacuated till May 10th, 1781. 


naked, scarce a Blanket to cover them, shivering with Cold, & 
drinking Water — I shall be glad to hear, that the Pennsylvania 
Line, who I am told are enlisted for the War, & are well cloathed, 
are to join us — (for I have no expectation of obtaining such 
Troops, from No. Carolina, or Virginia — ) We may then, per- 
haps, be able to hold some part of the Country — but when shall 
we retake the Town? — Not, unless our Allies exert themselves, 
very powerfully, for that purpose — untill that Event takes 
place, and we can open the Trade of the Country, I shall think 
everything else poor trifling Business — I hope you will not fail to 
use every Effort, in your Power, to effect that desireable end — 
We are told that Mr. Gadsden died,^^ in the Castle at Augus- 
tine, (but I can't say how far that Intelligence may be depended 
on), and that the rest of the Gent: who were sent out thither, 
are on Parole, in the Town — Inclosed is a List of persons lately 
sent thither — others are sent, & more are to follow, whose Names 
I have not — I am impatient to hear, that an Exchange of the 
Garrison at C ; Town has taken place, so that our unhappy friends 
may be reUeved, from the oppressive & cruel Treatment which 
they suffer — 

I am with great Regard 

Gent. y'. most obd*. Ser*. 

J: Rutledge 

P. S. Be pleased to direct, & forward the inclosed to Gillons 
Correspond*., at S*. Eust^^^ by the first Convey" to that Place — 
direct the Capt"^, to whom they are deUvered, to throw 'em over- 
board, in Case of danger of being taken — & give Gillon your 
Sentiments, on the probability of his, or Joiner's Services, being 
wanted by the Fleet of our Ally, on our Coast. 

Dec. 30th, Gen^ Marion, by Ltr' of the 21^^. Ins*., informs, 
that he left Santee-River, the day before — that Major McLaw- 
rath had taken post at the great Savannah (Farars) with ab*. 
300 Men — that Leslies Troops were last Sunday, at Monk's 
Corner, on the way to Nielsens Ferry — The Causey to which was 

1^ Genl. Christopher Gadsden of course did not die then, nor until Aug. 28***, 

^^ St. Eustatius. Gillon had asked that letters for him be directed to that 
place. This Magazine, vol. IX, p. 198. 


repairing — and that 500 Men (as he heard,) had crossed Lewis's 
Ferry, on their way to Geo: Town — but the last of this Intelli- 
gence wanted Confirmation — I think it, however, very probable — 
Marion apprehended the Enemy meant to cut off his Retreat 
to Pedee, & had, therefore, proceeded to Indian-Town 
The Honble The Delegates of S° Carohna in Congress 

Thomas' Plant" Cheraws 
Jany 10: 1781 


My last letter to you was, pr Express, about the 30*^". ult° — I 
have not reC^ one from you since yours of the 27 Nov' — I find, 
that the Flag, which, by that Letter, you say was expected to 
sail in a few days for C: Town had not arrived there, the 2* In- 
stant, when Gen^ du PortaiP^ who is now here, left that place — I 
understand that there were at that time, about 600 Sail of square- 
rigged Vessells, in C : Town Harbour — These will carry off a con- 
siderable Supply of Rice, Indigo, Tobacco, Naval Stores, & Lum- 
ber, for the W: Indies, the British Market & Navy — Indeed I 
look upon two years crops aheady secured, to the Enemy, by the 
Fall of C : Town — Some Tories embodied last week, on Little- 
Pedee — Col°. Kolb has dispersed such of 'em as he could find col- 
lected, but, I fear a Storm is gathering in that Quarter, & will 
burst, if the Enemy should advance, in force, this Way, for I 
am well informed, that they have several British Ofl&cers, in dis- 
guise, & other Emissaries, recruiting in N°. Carohna, and on the 
Borders of this & that State — ab*. the 3VK ult°. Gen' Morgan 
detached Col: Washington, w*'' 300 regulars & Militia Horse, to 
attack Col: Vance, & 200 Tories, (who set out to attack him, but 
had retreated — ) He did so, killed ab*. 160, & took 35 Prisoners, 
with 40 Horses & some Baggage — But, such Affairs are trifling — 
nor will anything, in my opinion, be of Consequence, untiU we 
have a sufficient force to regain the whole State, both Town & 
Country — This, I imagine. We might soon have, on a proper 
Representation, to France, of our Situation — I therefore hope, 
it has aheady been made, & a satisfactory Answer received — if 
not, pray don't fail to press it continually, untill it has the desired 

^^ du Portail. A distinguished engineer oflBcer sent to America by Frank- 
lin in 1777, made a Major General by Congress. 


Effect — The Enemy's' force is so far superior to what We are 
likely to bring into the Field, that I have no Hope of any thing, 
material, except from that Quarter — I fear N°. Carolina will 
adhere to the old plan of draughting Militia, for 3 Months — you 
know the futility of that System — or, if they should resolve to 
raise Men, for the War, the Resolve will never be carr^ into 
Execution — Virginia, it is said, intends to raise 6000 Men, for the 
War, by a Bounty of $10,000 dollars, & Promise of a Negroe at 
the Expiration of their Service — ^but, you will readily judge, 
what may be reHed on, from that Plan, when you reflect that in 
June last, they resolved to raise Men, for 18 Months only, at an 
amazing Price, & expected to have at least, 3500 Men, in the 
Field — Instead of which they have had, only ab* 250, (in Rags — ) 
ab* 400, under Col°. Greene are on the March, near Us, who, by 
Baron Steuben's Means, are pretty well cloathed — We have no 
Certainty, that more will come, tho', it is said, & probably, about 
the same Number may — However, supposing we get even as large 
a proportion of the 6000, as We have, & are to have, of the 3500, 
how small will their Number be? &, if these are in the field, no 
sooner, from the Time of resolving to raise 'em, than those, when 
shall We have them — I will say nothing ab* their being cloathed, 
because, I put all Chance of that, out of the Case — I hope, there- 
fore, that neither, you, or any Members of Congress, will be 
amused with, or give any Credit to the false Intelligence which I 
frequently see, in the Northw^. Gazettes, recounting Battles 
which are never fought, Marches which were never made — plac- 
ing the Enemy in the most forlorn, & ourselves in the most ad- 
vantageous. Situation — lessening their, & exaggerating our. 
Numbers & magnifying every little Affair which really happens, 
in our favour — I fear, that our Flashes of success, now & then, 
ag** the Tories, or small Parties of British, (in the words of C: 
Fox) are like an Ignis fatuus, continually misleading our Friends 
& Well Wishers, but, be persuaded that, unless. We have a re- 
spectable French Fleet & Army, well appointed, & sufficiently 
furnished with Supplies of mihtary Stores, & Provisions, there is 
no probability of regaining the Country, much less the Town for 
the Enemy will not quit the former, untill the latter is beseiged, 
or ab* to be so — but, if, ever the Country should be recovered, & 
could be held, (which will be attended with much difficulty,) of 


how little Avail will that be, while the Enemy possess the Town, 
& all the Sea-Islands — My anxiety occasions my dwelHng so much 
on this Point, and pressing it, by every letter, to your closest 
Attention — I conjure you, by every tie of duty & Affection to 
our unhappy Country to labour, incessantly to obtain it — 

I am with great regard 

Gent. yr. most obed. Ser* 
J: Rutledge — 

P. S. Col° Lee arrived yesterday, w*** his Legion — ab* 260 — I 
like him much, & expect great Service from his Corps — Corn- 
wallis has sent orders to Cruger, at Ninety-six, to enlarge the 
Works there, (which he is now doing,) promising to reinforce, & 
support him — His Lordship declares, that he will shortly send 
every disaffected person, out of the State with his family, & apply 
his property to pubhck use — Pickens & Bowie have joined Mor- 
gan, with ab*. 70 Men — but they can*, promise that many more 
will follow — Indeed it is almost amazing that any will come out, 
when there is such a disparity; between the Enemy's force & 
ours — so little prospect of the latter increasing, & the Conse- 
quence of their coming off is, at least, the destruction of their 
property, & reducing their Families to Beggary — Gen^ Portail 
will give you, & Congress (if des**, which I hope he will be) such 
information of the Condition of the Prisoners of War in So. Caro- 
lina., as will, I think, induce 'em to effect their Exchange, if pos- 
sible, with*, further delay as well as to supply 'em, & keep 'em 
supplied, with such Articles as may render their Captivity less 
irksome, untill they are reHeved from it — I can* conceive what 
Excuse can be made, for not having the Prisoners relieved, by 
the 2d Jany, when the Resolve for that purpose was passed, ab* 
the 20*'' of August — The Board of War, I think, can give no 
reason for this, but the grossest Inattention on their part — I am 
sorry to find, that Congress is so indifferent abt: the Conduct of 
that department, as to suffer 'em to trifle in such a Business — 
I must again, however, press these Points of ReHef & Exchange, 
to your particular Notice — if the Weather will admit of the 
Virginia 18 Months Men being reviewed, before Gen'. Portail 
leaves us, he will be able to inform you from occular demonstra- 
tion, of their tatter'' Condition. 


Cheraws Jany. 11-1781. 

Gent, — 

This will be delivered to yoU, by General du Portail — The 
Exchange of that valuable Ofl&cer will prove a very fortunate 
Circumstance for the Southern-States, if Congress make the 
proper Use of the information which they may derive, from his 
experience. Knowledge, & great Abilities — I hope you will avail 
yourselves of it, & that you will agree, with him, & me, in opinion, 
that there is no prospect of a speedy Peace — & that We should 
act, as if there was none — trust no longer to temporary Shifts or 
Expedients — & to Requisitions on the several States — but, 
procure, from France, immediately, a sufficient Quantity, & 
Number, of money, Cloathing, & Military Stores, and of Ships, 
Men, & Arms — & with this foreign Aid, & the Resources which 
could be speedily collected, for a while, from the Country, make 
such early & vigorous Efforts, as would, probably render the 
Campaign decisive, & fix, irrevocably the Independence of every 


I am Gent. 

y*" most Obed* Ser* 
J: Rutledge 
Cheraws Jany 14: 1781 

Gen^ du Portail not having yet got off, I have taken back the 
enclosed (which I had committed to his Charge,) in order to send 
'em, with greater dispatch, by this Express — & to acknowledge 
the receipt, yesterday, of your Letter, of the 12*^^ ult° — I am glad 
to find, that Holland & Portugal have acceded to the League of 
NeutraHty — & that a Flag was, at last, about to sail for C : Town — 
it will show our Friends there, that, they are not totally forgotten, 
tho, the Trifle of 4000 dollars for the Oflficers, (not I beheve above 
15 pr Man) is not worth mentioning — I still think the Board of 
War have been exceedingly inattentive about procuring hard 
Money — I hope the Acco*^ you have respecting the Eagle's Prize, 
are true, & that, it is valuable — if so, a fund may arise, from it, 
as well for supplying you with some Money, as procuring Neces- 

1* The surrender of Comwallis, which practically ended the War, showed 
how wisely Rutledge judged. 


saries, on Acco*' of the State, for our Fellow Soldiers & Citizens, 
in Captivity, whose Condition is truly deplorable — if Jones sh'' 
arrive, w**" the Articles expected, I hope you will not fail to ob- 
tain our due proportion of them — I presume you will have 
reC* IntelHgence, 'eer now, of the Enemy s' Arrival in Virginia — 
I w** have been glad to hear that Messr^ Joiner*® & Rochambout 
are close at their Heals — the former object of Cornwalhs, to make 
a Junction, between the Troops in Virginia & those in So. Caro- 
lina, will be now reattempted — I wish I could see a greater, & 
better, force, embodied, & properly prepared, to oppose them — 
I hope to hear from you soon in Answer to my Letters from Salis- 
bury, Charlotte & this place — 

I am with great regard 

yr. most obed. Ser* 
J: Rutledge 
The Delegates of So. Carolina in Congress. 

{To he continued) 

^' Commodore Alexander Gillon commanded the Frigate South Carolina, 
belonging to the State, and was succeeded by Capt. John Joyner under whom 
she was captured by three British men of war on Dec. 20th, 1782. 


Copied by Mabel L. Webber 

{Continued from January) 


John Watson Sone of William Watson & Eliz* his wife was borne 

Octb^ 8*1^ Anno Dom 1712 
Richard Dashwood Sone of John Dashwood & Anne his wife 

was borne March 28*'' Anno Domi 1713 
Providence Joy Daughter of Will'" Joy & Elz". his wife was borne 

Elizabeth Torshell daughter of Sam^ Torshell & EUz"^. his Wife 

was borne y'' 10*'^ Feb'"y Anno Domi 17 If. 
Mary Gibbons Daughter of Jothan Gibbons & Grace his wife 

was born Oct:^ 21 A: Domi 171|. . . . Baptized^ Mar"=^ 7 

Anno Dom 17f. 
Richard Capers Sone of William Capers & Mary his wife was 

borne Ap'. 2^^^ Anno Dom 1712 . . . baptize**. March 

30*^ Anno Dom 1714 
Rebbecha Cook Daughter of Bently Cook & Rebbecha his wife 

was born 18**^ December Anno Dom 1713 And Baptized March 

28*'^ 1714 
Mary Simes Daughter of John and Mary Simes was borne Janu^: 

13: 17lt 
Sarah Simes daughter of John & Mary Simes was borne August 

20*1': 1716 and both were Baptiz^ Feb: the 8*'' 171f. 
Sarah Benison Daughter of George and Elizabeth Benisori who 

was Born February the 23 d. 17i| & Baptized 29*'^ March 

John Brown the Son of James Brown and Hannah his Wife was 

born the 27*^^ of December 1712. 
Wilham Brown the son of James Brown was born the 27. of 

August Annoq Domni 1715. 

^ The name of the child and parents is repeated in all the original baptismal 
entry, but we are omitting them here to save space. 
' After this is an entry so torn that it cannot be read. 



Margret Brown the Daughter of James Brown and Hannah his 

wife was born the 19*^^ of february Annoq Domni 1716. 
Christian Brown Daughter of James Brown and Hannah his 

Wife Was born y« 19*''. of August Annoq Domni 1719. 
Elizabeth Browne y® Daughter of James Browne and Hannah his 

wife was Borne y*. ll*''of Sep*, being Monday about 9 of y" 

Clock at Night Annoque Domine 1721 
Alexander Browne y® Son of James & Hannah Browne was Borne 

Sep* y« 21* 1724 & Baptized Oct: y« 30*'^ 1724 By M'. Benja: 

Pownell Rect. 
John Holmes sone of Mark Holmes & Elizabeth his wife was 

born Januy y« 15: 1715 & was baptiz: June y« 20: 1715.^ 
Martha y^ Daughter of Francis Croxton & Elizabeth his wife 

was born y* 11 day of Janu^ 172| & was baptiz**: March y* 

8. 172i 
Elisha Wheeldon Son of Elish Wheeldon was Baptized The Sec- 
ond day of Septem: 1719. 
Jonathan Evans Son of Johnathan Evans & Mary Evans his 

Wife was Baptized the Fourth day of October 1719. 
Hannah Law Daughter of Joseph Law and Theodora his wife, 

was born the twenty-fifth day of Janur: 1719/20. 
Susannah Heckman Daughter of Richard Heckman & Rebeckah 

his wife was Baptized the 25 day of december Annoq Domminei 

John Boon the son of Thomas Boon and Mary his wife was Bap- 
tized March the 20*'^ Annq. Dom. 1719/20. 
John White the Son of John White and Sarah his wife was Born 

July ye first anno Dom. 1719, And Baptiz'd the Sixth day of 

Decem. 1719. 
Thomas Allen the son of Thomas Allen and Fransus his wife was 

born the 11*'' day of Novem' 1716. 
James Allen the Son of Thomas Allen and Fransus his wife was 

Born the 21st day of Novem"" anno Domim'. 1719, and both 

regestred this year 1720 
Hannah Law was baptiz'd the twenty-fourth day of April Annoq 

Dom. 1720 

' Entered twice. 


Elizabeth fry the Daughter of Peter Fry and Bridget was Bap- 
tized the Twent^ Fourth day of April Annoq Domininei 1720 
& born the twenty second day of Septem. Anno Dom. 1719 

Sarah Evans Daughter of Wilham Evans and Susannah his wife 
was born the 29**' day of Septem. 1714. and Regestered 1720. 

Rebekah Evans Daughter of Wilham Evans and Susannah his 
wife was born the 2P* day of October Anno Dom 1716 and Reg- 
istered 1720. 

John Evans Son of William Evans and Susana his wife was Born 
the 5*'^ day of November Annoq Domini 1716 & Reges. 1720 

Mary Spencer and Rebeckah Spencer being Twenn Daughters 
of Oliver Spencer and Rebecah his wife were born the 12 day 
of April. Annoq Domini. 1720 

Daniel Evans Son of Jonathan Evans and Mary his wife was 
born the 23^. day of September 1720 

Henry Gill Son of Henry Gill was born the 27*'' day of January 
1720. and Jane his wife, and baptized the 16 day of Aprill fol- 

William Bollough Son of William Bollough and Elizabeth his 
wife was born the 3^ day of December Annoq. Domni. 1715 

John Bollough Son of William Bollough & Elizabeth his wife 
was born the lO*'* day of October. Annoq Dommi 1718 

James Eden was Baptized the 17*'^ day of January Annoq Dommi 

Elizabeth Eden was Baptized the H**" day of January Annoq 
Dommi 1720 

Jonah Eden was Baptized the 17th day of January, Annoq. 
Dom. 1720. 

Hannah Eden was Baptized the H**" day of January Annoq. 
Domi. 1720 

Leonard White the Son of John White and Sarah his wife was 
born the 10*^ day of June Annoq Domini 1721. and baptized 
the 30 day of July following 

Mary Gregory Daughter of Thomas Gregory and Mary his wife 
was born the 4*^ day of June and baptized the 30. of July Anno 
Domini 1721. 

John Gregory Son of Tho^ Gregory & Mary his wife was born 
July 24*'^ 1723. 


Elizabeth Sauseau Daughter of John Sauseau & Mary his wife 

was born 20 day of May Annoq Domine 1707. 
MaudHn Sauseau Daughter of John Sausseau and Mary his wife 

was Born y^ 29*^ of December Anno. Dom. 1709 
John Sauseau Son of John Sauseau and Mary his wife was born 

the 7*^ day of September 1712. 
James Sauseau Son of John Sauseau and Mary his wife was born 

22 of July Annoq Dom 1714. 
Mary Sauseau Daughter of John Sauseau and Mary his wife was 

born 6. day of February Anoq. Dom 1716. 
Susanna Sauseau was born the Daughter of John Sauseau and 

Mary his wife the 22<* of February 1719. 
Mary Watkins of (Sic.) John and Mary Watkins was Born y* 

25*'' December and baptized December y« 26*'' 1722/3 
Elizabeth: of John and Susannah Chapman was Born January 

y« P* and Baptized the 3. Day of 1722/3. [sic] 
Frances Gibbson of Francis and Mary was born the 25 of Decem- 
ber 1721 and was Baptized the 8. day of March 1722/3. 
Ann: of Clement and Mary Brown was born the 20. day of May 

Clement: of Clement and Mary Brown was born the 4. Day of 

february 1722 and was Baptized y® 28 day of March 1723. 
Daniell: of John and Martha Murrall: was born the 8: Day of 

October 1722/3: [Sic] and was Baptized the 1: Day of february 

Elizabeth of Jos* Willks and Elizabeth his wife was born the 9 

Day of January 1722/3 and was Baptized the 20 Day of January 

Martha Haddrell: of George and Mary Haddrell was born March 

the 10, 1714/15 and was baptized April the 14, 1715. 
Mary Hennerita Haddrell of George and Mary Haddrell was born 

July the 7 day 1722 and was Baptized Aprill the 7, 1723. 
John Evans of Jon**': and Mary Evans was Baptized the 31 Day 

January 1722/3. 
Mary of William and Mary Leeland was Baptized the 20 Day 

of January 1722; 
Sary of Emanuel and Mary Chris toe was Baptized the 3 day of 

February 1722/3 


Tho': of Joseph and Sary Francklin was Born the 16 Day of 

March 1721 and was Baptized the 31 day of March, 1722/3 
Mary: of Ohver and Rebekah Spencer was Baptized the 8 day 

of february 1722/3 
Henry Cornish was Baptized the 12 of Apriell 1723. 
Tho^: of Tho^: and Mary Boone was born the 4 day of March & 

Baptized the 25 of the same Month 1722/3 
Sarah: of George & EHz'': Benison was born the 23 day of Feb^: 

1719/20 & was Baptized the 29: of March following. 
Mary: of Thomas and Ann bennett was born 17 day of October 

1722 and was Baptized the 28: of the same Mounth. 
Jasper Baskerfield was Born June y' 2: In the year 1714. 
Anestey Baskerfield was Born March the 7: 1718 
John Basherfield was was Born Apriell y^ 1: 1720 
Mary Christian Basherfield was Born July y^ 17: 1722. 
Mary Benison the Daughter of George & Eliz*. Benison was borne 

October the forth 1721 & was Baptize*^ the 31*: of December 

George Logan y* Son of George & Martha Logan was borne the 

22 <^. of Sep*. Annoque Dommine 1720 & Baptized by Mr. 

Martha Logan y^ Daughter of George and Martha Logan was 

borne y® 27 of July between y^ hour of five & six in y« morning 

Annoque Dommine 1722, & Baptized by M''. Hassel, 
Anthony White y* Son of Jn° & Sarah White, was borne y"' 20*** 

day of March Anoque Domine 1722. 
Anthony White was married to Mary his wife March y'= 7*^* 1722/3. 
George y^. Son of George & Elizabeth Bennison was Born Oct. 

Rob*. Campbell y* Son of James & Mary Campbell, was Born 

y« 20 of November 1720. 
Sarah y*. Daughter of James & Mary Campbell was Born y* 

4th of March 1722/3 
George Bennison y* Son of George & Eliz'*: his Wife was Christened 

Decemb' y« 1:1723. 
Anthony White y^ Son of Anthony White & Mary his wife was 

Borne Decemb^ y« 31«*: 1723. 
Elizabeth y^. Daughter of Jn°. Bennet & Mary his Wife was 

Borne November y* 4*'> 1718. 


Mary y^ Daughter of Jn° Bennet & Mary his Wife was Borne 

Jany y« 1^'^ 1720 

Sarrah y* Daughter of Jn° Bennet & Mary his Wife was Borne 
Sept ye 7th 1723 

Rob* y* Son of W" Lewis & Judeth his Wife was borne Decemb' 

r 30, 1720 
Anthony White y* Son of Anthony White & Mary his Wife was 

bptz. March y 1: 1723/4 
Tho^: Browne was maried to Elizabeth Bollough Decemb' y* 26: 

Hannah Wheelden y^ Daug': of EUsha & Sarah his was Baptiz*^ 

Aprl; ye. IQth 1724. 

Honorah y® Daugh'': of Jn°: Bonell and Honorah his Wife was 

Born Apr" y«: S*'* 1724 & Baptiz^: y«: 20*^: Day of y« Same 

Instent Apr": 
Sarah Lewis y*: Daug"": of Henry Lewis & his wife was born 

Sept'y«: 7**': 1723. 
Hannah y^: Daug'''': of Elisha Whelden & Sarah his wife was 

Baptiz^: Apri^: y« IQ^^^: 1724 
Moses Joy was Baptized y* 11*^ of June 1724. 
Judith Joy was Baptized y^ 5**^ of July 1724. 
Benjamine Joy y* Son of W" Joy & Elizabeth his Wife was Bap- 
tized August y« 30*'' 1724. 
Elizabeth Morain y^ Daughter of Dennis Morain & Elizabeth his 

Wife was borne y^ 6 Day of August & Baptized y^ S*** Day 

of Sep*, folowing Anoque Dommini 1702 (Sic). 
Katherine Clements was Baptized Oct' y® 25*'^: 1724. 
Katherine Clements was borne Sep* y« 13*^*: 1724. 
Susanna Evens y* Daughter of Will"* Evens & Sussanna Evens 

his wife was born Jany. y^ 28: 1721/2. 
Alexander Browne y^ Son of James Browne & Hannah his Wife 

was Born Sep* y. 20**^ 1724 & was Baptized October y 30**' 

Sarah White y^ Daugh'. of Jn°. White & Sarah his wife was born 

Dec': y«: 5*'^: 1724 & was Baptized Janu": y^: 8*'^ 1724. 
Jn°. Thompson y^ Son of Jno. Thompson & Martha his Wife was 

Borne Jan^. y^ 2,^ 1724/5. 
Hannah y"* Daughter of Oliver Spencer & Rebeckah his wife was 

Borne y^ Oct'. y« W^ 1724 and Baptized Jan^. y^ 4*^. 1724/5 


John the Sone of John Murray and Martha his wife was borne 

July y« 20*^ 1725 and was Baptized Octobe' y« 30*^. 1725 
Susannah the daughter of Tho* Boone & Mary his wife was born 

y« ninth day of Jan^. 1725. 
Eliz* the Daughter of George Benison & EUz^ his wife was born 

the nineteenth day of November 1725. 
Susannah the Daughter of Tho^. Boone & Mary his Wife was 

Baptized the 8*^ day of May 1726 
Thomas Hamlin Illegitimate Sone of Mary Leland was born 

Aprill r 26 1725. 
Robert Hamlin the Sone of Tho^. Hamlin and Martha his wife 

was borne the 3 day of May 1726. 
Robert the Sone of Tho' HamUn & Martha his wife was baptiz^ 

May y 29. 1726 
Hannah the Illegitimate Daughter of Jonathan Morell & Hannah 

Sterkey was born March y^ 4*'' 1724/5. 
Sarah the Daugh^ of Oliver Spencer & Rebeck' his wife was born 

August 2^ & was not regestered till y^ 31 Day of December 

1726 y" Jn°. White Reg' 
Elizabeth y* Daughter of Ge° & Susanah Haddrell was born 

May y« 7*'^ 1726 & Baptized June y« 19ti>. 1726. 
Nathaniel y* Son of Benj" Law & Elizabeth his wife was born 

July y«20ti': 1726. 
Margret y^ Daugh': of John Matherringham & Mary his wife 

was born June y^: IS*"": 1726, & was baptz. Augs*. y®: 7*^: 1726. 
Nathaniel y^ Son of Benj"* Law and Elizabeth his wife was baptiz**: 

Octo:y«:2: 1726. 
Catherine y® Daughter of Tho^ Gregory & Mary his wife was 

born May y*' 10'^ 1726 & was bapt^ July y^ 10 following. 
Will™ & Tho*. being Twin Sons of WilHam Joy & Mary his wife 

was born July y* 15*^^ 1726. & was baptiz*^. November y* 20 

following 1726. 
Mary Spencer of Oliver & Rebeck' Spencer his wife was born 

June y«: 12: 1726 & Bapt^ Octobe' y« 2'^ following. 
Mary Mackdowel of Arch"^ Macdowel & Mary his wife was born 

Jany. y*25*i^: 1724/5. 
Archbld y*: Son of ArchbH Mackdowel & Mary his wife was 

born Augu*. y. 18*i>: 1726. 


Will"* y^ Sun of Will'" Thorp & Mary his Wife was born Decern"' 

y« 3: 1726 & was baptiz^. March y« 19*f>: 1726/7. 
Isaac y" son of Isaac Bates & Sarah his wife was born Decern''. 

y^. 9*^. 1726 & was baptiz^. March y« 19*f> 1726/7. 
Joseph y« Sone of Joseph Spencer & Sarah his Wife was born 

Octo^ y^ 4: 1726 & was baptiz^. y 2: Day of Apr^. 1727. 
Hannah ye Daughter of John White & Sarah his wife was born 

March y« 2^. 1726/7 & Baptize^. Ap^ y^ 30*^: 1727. 
William the Son of George Logan Esq. & Martha his wife was 

born Jan^. y* 8*'' 1726/7 & Baptiz<i March 16*^': 1726/7 

{To he continued.) 


(August 1778 to May 1780) 
{Continued from Vol. XVII, No. 4.) 

Head Quarters. Charles Town 
18 February, 1780. 

18*'^ Parole. Greenland. C. S. Gates-Gibson 

F: O. for tomorrow Major Badetely 

B. M Cap*. Sharpe 

F: O. for fatigue L*. Col°. Hinton. 

The Non-Com'i. Officers & Soldiers of the S^^ & 6*'^ Bait" of 
S°. Carolina are to be immediately incorporated with the 1** & 
2** in such manner as to make those two equal. 

A. O. The Artillery are to be scaled this Afternoon at four 

The Com«. Officer of Artillery will distribute the Ofiicers & 
Men of the Cont^ Artillery, the Chastown Artillery & Cap* Dor- 
rell's Company to the different Batteries where they are to encamp 
this Evening. 

The Qu' Masters of those Regt^ that have lost Men in the 
Gen'. Hospital are desired to call for the Cloaths belonging to 

The Qua^ Master Gen' will order 29 Muskets 22 Bayonets & 
18 Pouches belonging to Men who have died in the Hosp' to be 
removed from thence. 

E. O. One third of the waggons of the different Reg** will 
parade tomorrow Morning at 7 oclock in the Road without the 
Horn Work to take Orders from M' Graham Commissary of 

19*''. Parole — Henderson. C. S. Hilsborough 


F. O. for tomorrow. Major Dunbibin 

B. M. Cap*. Taliaferro. 

F. O. for fatigue. Major Jackson. 

The same Men & Officers who were on fatigue yesterday are 
to bo paraded at 7 oClock tomorrow Morning for Orders 



The Chas. Town Militia are immediately to go into the Bar- 
racks which the Q. M, G. of the State shall provide. 

Col°. Hext's Militia are to do duty as a separate Brigade till 
further Orders. 

The Court of Enquiry of which Col°. Picknney was pres*. 
having reported, that "after maturely considering the premises 
they are of Opinion that M"". Gilbank by Virtue of the resolu- 
tions of Congress of the 24*^. Nov^ 1778, is in titled in case of 
Vacancy to enter into the Regim* of Artillery in such Rank as 
he would have had if he had never been captured;" M''. Gilbank 
is ordered to join his Reg* & to take Command of Cap*. Roberts's 

The Officers of the Main Guard are requested to dine at Head 
Quarters the day they come ofif Duty. 
20*''. Parole Jameson. C. S. Jetheo, Jesse. 

F. O. for tomorrow. Col° Malmedy. 
B. M. Major Simons 

A Return of Cap*. Darrell's Company to be made to the Adj* 
Gen' at Orderly Hour this afternoon — The Return to be made in 
form of a Roll expressing opposite the names the present fit for 
Duty & absent with the places where & reasons for their Absence. 

E. O. Major Hogg is to be relieved tomorrow by Major 
Lewis. Col° Beekman will order the Detachment with Major 
Hogg from the Cha^. town Artillery to be relieved The whole to 
parade at the Horn work with one days provisions cooked by 
seven oClock tomorrow morn^. 

The whole af the Army not on Duty will parade on the road 
without the Lines tomorrow Morn«. at Seven oClock for fatigue. 
2P*. Parole Kimbolton. C. S. Klinloch. Kinzie. 

F. O. for tomorrow Col°. Heth. 

B. M. Cap* Sharpe 

F. O. for fatigue. Major Oneal. 

The Guard in the Hosp^ to be increased to 1 Serg*. 1 Corp*. & 
12 Men by Col°. Parkers Brigade — The Serg*. must be a trusty 
sober Man & if any of the Rank & file misbehave they must be 
returned with their Crimes to their respective Reg**, who will 
furnish others in their room. 

The Command to relieve Major Hogg will march at twelve 


The Army will turn out for fatigue tomorrow Morn^ at seven 
oClock with the greatest punctuahty — They will parade at the 
Horn work except the Cha^ town Mihtia who are to be employed 
on their own Works. 

22*^ Parole. Lillington. C. S. Lion. Lynx. 

F. O. for tomorrow. Col°. Shepheard. 

B. M. Cap*. Tahaferro. 

F. O. for fatigue. Col°. Lytle 

The Cont'. Reg*, of Artillery, the Cha«. town Battalion of Ar- 
tillery & Cap* Darrell's Comp^ of Cannoniers are brigaded under 
Col° Beekman who will appoint a Brigade Major to attend at 
Orderly Hours & to regulate the Detail of the Brigade. 
23<* Parole Mahnedy. P. S. Morris. Moylan. 

F. O. for tomorrow L* Col°. Mebane. 

B. M. Major Simmons 

F. O. for fatigue Col°. Hampton 

One of the Smallest Field pieces must be sent to the Guard 
at Gadsdens Wharf to obKge the Boats passing to come to. 

The Engineer will view the Ground and direct some Work 
for the Security of the S°. West quarter of the Town. Col°. 
Hext's Brigade will be employed in the Construction of it & Col°. 
Hext will himself superintend the Work alid see it compleated. 

All the French People in Cha^town who do not belong to, or 
who have not regularly done Duty in some Comp^. anterior, to 
the !■*. Jan^. last are ordered to join the Marquis de Bretagne's 
Corps,' & the Com«. Officers of other Com^". are forbid to inroll 

E. O. The fatigue tomorrow as usual 
24*"^. Parole. Nantucket. C. S. Nadal. Nero. 

F. O. for tomorrow. L*. Col° Wallace. 

B. M. Cap*. Sharpe. 

F. O. for fatigue L*. Col°. Hamwright 

For four Days Command to be paraded at 10 o'clock tomorrow 
Morn«. with one Days provisions cooked, One Lieu*. Col°. 4 Capt", 
4 Sub^ 8 Serj*^ 8 Corp^^. & 150 privates: Lieut. Col°. Mebane for 
this Command — The Com^ will order three days provisions for 
175 Men to march with the above Command. 

^ See this Magazine, Vol. XVII, page 170. 


For two Days Guard to be paraded at 4 o'Clock this afternoon 
with two Days Provisions cooked One Cap*, two Sub^. 3 Serg*^. 
3 Corpl^. & 50 privates. 

Lieut. Col". Laurens will relieve L*. Col°. Mebane who is ordered 
in Command. 

The port Guard to be reinforced this afternoon at 4 oClock with 
1 Serj*. 1 Corp^ & 18 privates 

25th. Parole — Washington. C. S. Prince Town. — Saratoga 

F : O. for tomorrow. Col°. Lowrey. 

B : M. Cap*. Taliaferro. 

F: O. for fatigue Col°. Hinton. 

Gen^ LiUington will order a fatigue of 40 Men properly Officered 
to Major Darrell's Battery — they are to be instructed in making 
Cartridges & kept employed until they shall have compleated 50 
Rounds ^ Main for that Brigade. Major Darrell will undertake 
to direct & instruct them. 

One Cap*. 2 Subs. 3 Serg*^ 3 Corp«^ & 50 privates for two Days 
Guard to be paraded tomorrow at Guard mounting with two Days 
provisions cooked. 

The waded Arms which cannot be drawn are to be discharged 
at 5 oClock this Afternoon — the Arms must then be put in the 
nicest Order. The different Reg*^ will be paraded in some con- 
venient place & the Officers must examine what Arms can be 
drawn, those that cannot they will have discharged in platoons 
observing that the Men do not load & fire again. 
26th. Parole. Vermont. C. S. Quebec. Bennington 

F. O. for tomorrow. Col°. Hinton 

B. M. Major Simmons 

B. O. for fatigue Major Jackson. 

The Command at Ashley Ferry will in future be relieved weekly, 
the Comm*. will therefore Order a Waggon with 4 Days Provisions 
for 175 Men to be sent there on Monday Morn^. 
27th. Parole Parker C. S. Pinckney. Parham. 

F. 0. for tomorrow. Major Moultrie 

B. M. Cap*. Sharpe. 

The Monthly returns which were due yesterday the Adj*. Gen^ 
expects will be sent without further Delay. 

After having made up their Complement of Ammvmition, the 
different Corps are to employ all their Men off Duty in cutting & 


bringing in fire-wood ; the Wood will be corded up & the respective 
Quarter Guards charged with the Care of it — The fatigue ordered 
yesterday will be employed as above. 

The Detachm*^ of the 2^. & 3'^. South Carolina Regt^ are to do 
Duty as part of Col°. Parker's Brigade till further Orders. 

Passes given by the Qua'. Master Genl for all persons, Vessels 
& Boats employed by him while they are on the Business of the 
Department are to be obeyed. 

The two Companies of the Berkley County Reg*, of Militia 
commanded by Cap*. Stiles & Lieut. Garden are ordered to join 
the Artillery — the Com*. Ofiicer of Artillery will assign them their 
Post & apply to the State Q. M. G. for Barracks. They will be 
instructed in the Managem*. & Exercise of Cannon. 

For two days Guard to be paraded tomorrow at Troop beating 
— 1. Cap*. 2 Sub^. 3 Se^g*^ 3 Corp^^ & 50 privates, they are to have 
two Days Provisions cooked. 

All the Troops of the Garrison will be paraded for Review this 
Afternoon at 3 O'Clock on their respective parades. 

A: O. The great Difficulty of procuring Forage makes it nec- 
essary that the following Arrangem*. should immediately take 

All the Waggons but the following being ordered out of Town, 
the Q. M. G. will immediately procure a Quantity of Forage over 
Santee River near Murray's Ferry where the spare Waggons & 
Horses will remain till further Orders. 

6 Waggons for the Artillery 

2 " for the Virginia Battalions 

4 " for the N°. Carohna Mihtia 

2 " for the Q. M. G. 

1 " for the Commissary Gen* . 

The Commissary of Forage is strictly forbid to issue forage 
otherwise than agreable to the above arrangem*. on any Considera- 
tion whatever, except by a special Order from Head Quarters. 
28th. Parole. Wallace. P.S. Morgan. Lee. 

F. O. for tomorror Major Jackson. 

B. M. " " Cap*. Talliaferro. 

In Addition to the Orders of yesterday relating to Waggons is 
the following — One Waggon to be retained for the S°. Carolina 


Cont^ Batt^ one for the S°. Carolina Militia under Col". Hicks & 
one for the Hospital. 

Gen^ Lillington will discharge all his Waggons over & above 
what may be necessary to return the Troops. 

R. O. All Officers of Companies are to sleep in Camp, the 
Major will attend Morning & Evening Roll Call, at which every 
Ofl&cer must be present. 

All Officers not on Command must immediately join their Reg*^. 
A Sub: is to be appointed Officer of the Day who must not quit 
Camp on any Account during his Duty. 

One Sub: 1 Serg*. & 10 Rank & file must be paraded for fatigue 
every Morning at the State House. 

The Adg*. will read all Orders to the Men in future at Evening 

29th. Parole — Fairfax — C. S. Caesar. Cato. 

F. O. for tomorrow Major Dunbibin 

B. M. " " Major Simmons. 

The two Day's Guard to be relieved tomorrow as usual. 

A Gen'. Court Martial for the Tryal of all Prisoners is to sit 
immediately — Pres*. Major Lewis. 

Members 3 Cap*^ & 3 Sub^. from Col°. Parker's Brigade two 
Officers from the Artillery — Cap*. Cowen of the Georgia Brigade 
& 3 Sub». from the S*'^ & 6»^ Reg*«. of S°. Carolina lately reduced- 
All Witnesses to attend — The Court to sit at the presidents Quar- 
ters — Those Regt^ that have prisoners on Tryal are to furnish an 
Orderly Serg*. 

E. O. The Field Officer of the Day will visit the Guards as 
soon as they are relieved, & should he find in any a want of knowl- 
edge in Service, whether Officers or privates he will give them the 
necessary Instructions — The Sentries will be relieved hourly dur- 
ing the Night & the visiting rounds will pass between each Relief 
— No Guard is to be relieved without a written report from the 
Officer relieved to the Officer relieving mentioning the places where 
the several sentries are posted, none of which are to be removed 
but by an Order from Head Quarters. 

The Sentries will every quarter of an hour during the Night call 
aloud All is well beginning with the Gentry on the Horn Work & 
going round by the right. 


The Command^. Ofl&cers of all Corps, are immediately to visit 
the Houses in which their men are quartered to make a particular 
Survey of the State of the different Apartments, & in future to 
cause them to be daily inspected by a Commiss"^. Officer, who is to 
report any Damage the Houses or furniture may sustain to the 
end that the Offenders may be brought to punishment. 

{To he continued.) 


Compiled by Mabel L. Webber 

{Continued from January) 

Married.] At Savannah, in Georgia, Dr. John Love, to Miss 
Sarah Jones, niece to the Hon. Noble- Wimberley Jones, Esq; 
Speaker of the Hon. House of Assembly of that State. (Saturday, 
June 7, 1783.) 

Died.] In the 66th year of her age, Mrs. EUzabeth Webb, 
widow of the deceased Mr. David Webb. (Sat., June 7, 1783.) 

Tuesday last died in St. John's Parish, after a Ungering illness, 
in the bloom of hfe, Miss Polly Bishop, esteemed through life by 
a numerous acquaintance, and now sincerely lamented. (Satur- 
day, June 14, 1783.) 

Last Thursday died, after a long and tedious illness, which she 
bore with Christian fortitude and resignation, Mrs. Martha Dart, 
consort of John Sandiford Dart, Esq; and daughter of the deceased 
Jacob Motte, Esq; of this town. (Sat. June 14, 1783.) 

Thursday evening last Mr. John Edwards, (son of the deceased 
John Edwards, Esq;) was married to Miss Rebecca Donnom, a 
young lady of great beauty and merit, and daughter of the de- 
ceased James Donnom, Esq. (Sat. June 14, 1783.) 

The same evening Mr. Wilham Russell was married to the amia- 
ble Mrs. Ann M'Gillivray, widow of the deceased Mr. William 
M'Gillivray of this town. (Sat. June 14, 1783.) 

This morning Mr. James Beatty of Camden, was found dead in 
his waggon the upper end of King street. It is supposed that he 
died in an apoplectic fit. (Sat. June 14, 1783.) 

Married.] Robert Quash, Esq; a Member of the General As- 
sembly for St. Thomas's Parish, to Miss Salley Hazell, daughter of 
the deceased Andrew Hazell, Esq; — Mr. Jacob Sulzer, to Mrs. 
Rebecca Duvall, Mantua-maker. (Saturday, June 21, 1783.) 

Died.] A few days past, at Santee, near George-town, Mr. 
George Simmons, at the remarkable age of one hundred and ten 
vears; he enjoyed a great share of health until a few days before 



his death. — In this town, after tedious illness, Mr. Thomas Higgins, 
Carpenter. (Sat. June 21, 1783.) 

Married.] Mr. Thomas Bourke, Merchant, to the amiable Miss 
Jane Smith, daughter of John Smith, Esq; of Black Swamp. (Sat- 
urday, June 28, 1783.) 

Died.] In an advanced age, Mrs. Whitworth, widow. 

(Sat. June 28, 1783.) 

Married.] Capt. Oswell Eve, to Miss Nancy Pritchard, Daughter 
of Mr. Paul Pritchard. — Capt. George Darby, to Mrs. Martha 
Stoll, widow of the deceased Mr. William StoU. — Mr. John Lewis 
Poyas, to Mrs. Mary Magdalen Seabrook. — Mr. Joseph Eddings 
to Miss Polly Berkley. (Sat. July 5, 1783.) 

Died.] Mrs. Catherine Clancey, wife of Mr. John Clancey, 
Saddler. — Mrs. Elizabeth Smith, wife of Peter Smith, Carpenter. 
(Sat. July 5, 1783.) 

Married.] Capt. M'Neil, to Mrs. Martha Griffeth, widow of 

the deceased Mr. Edward Griffeth. (Saturday, July 12, 1783.) 

Married.] At Savannah, in Georgia, Mr. Joseph William Spen- 
cer, to Mrs. Dorothy Cuyler, widow of the late Henry Cuyler, 
Esq; and daughter of the Hon. Clement Martin, Esq; deceased. — 
At Litle Ogechee, Mr. Francis Bourquin, to Mrs. Ehzabeth Fox. — 
In Liberty County, Lieutenant Maxwell to Miss Polly Baker; 
and M'. William Baker to Mrs. Mary Wells. — In Charlestown, Mr. 
Gabriel Lewis, to Mrs. Sarah Thorn. (Saturday, July 19, 1783.) 

Died.] A few day^ ago, at the High Hills of Santee, Master 
Paul Jones, eldest son of Thomas Jones, Esq; of that place, a very 
promising boy, whose death has thrown the afflicted family into 
the greatest distress. (Sat. July 19, 1783.) 

Died.] Much regretted by a numerous acquaintance, Mrs. Ann 
Petrie, the amiable consort of Mr. Edmund Petrie, and daughter 
of the deceased Alexander Peronneau, Esq. — In the bloom of life, 
after a long and tedious indisposition, Miss Polly Edmonds, eldest 
daughter of the Rev. Mr. James Edmonds, formerly Pastor of the 
Independent Church in this town. (Saturday, July 26, 1783.) 

Married.] In this town, last Thursday evening, John Middle- 
ton, Esq; to Miss Frances Motte, daughter of the deceased Jacob 
Motte, Esq. — In St. Stephen's Parish, Mr. Charles Cantey to Miss 
Margaret Evance. — Mr. George Rivers of St. Paul's Parish, to 
Miss Ann Evans. (Saturday, August 2, 1783.) 


Last Sunday, died at his plantation at James Island, after an 
illnes of only two days, in the 63d year of his age, Mr. William 
Bambury, formerly an eminent merchant in this town. He was 
truly an honest man, and through his life was esteemed and re- 
spected by all who knew him. — His remains were the next day 
brought to town, and in the evening deposited in St. Philip's 
Church-yard, attended by a great number of his feUow citizens. 
(Saturday, August 9, 1783.) 

On Monday last died, in the 65th year of his age, at his seat in 
Goose-Creek, Col. Joseph Glover. His numerous family have to 
lament in him the loss of an afifectionate husband and a fond and 
indulgent father, whilst his uniform and zealous attachment to 
the interests of his country, merits him the universal regret of the 
community at large. (Sat. Aug. 9, 1783.) 

Married.] Mr. Joseph Jeffords of Christ-Parish, to Miss Su- 
sanna White. (Sat. Aug. 9, 1783.) 

Died.] At Wadmelaw, Mr. WilUam Nisbet. — in Charleston, 

Jacob Sansum, aged 5 years, son of Mr. John Sansum, — Miss 

Watts, daughter of the late Mr. John Watts, taylor. (Sat. Aug. 
9, 1783.) 

Married.] At Savannah, in Georgia, James Cochran, Esq; to 
Mrs. Delegall, widow of the late George Delegall, Esq; — in Charles- 
town, on Sunday last, Mr. John Loveday, to Miss Margaret 
Meuron, daughter of the deceased Mr. Henry Meuron. — On 
Thursday evening, Mr. James Theus, of St. John's Parish, to 
Miss Mary Theus, youngest daughter of the deceased Mr. Jere- 
miah Theus. (Saturday, August 16, 1783.) 

Died.] Last Sunday morning, Mr. John Raven Mathews, son 
of the deceased Benjamin Mathews Esq. — Wednesday evening, in 
child-bed, much regretted by an affectionate husband, and all 
who had the pleasure of her acquaintance, Mrs. Judith Cordes, 
the amiable consort of John Cordes, Esq; of St. John's Parish, and 
only child of Mr. William Banbury, who died last Sunday week. — 
On Thursday morning early, in the 76th year of her age Mrs. 
Jane Johnson, widow — late of New York. (Sat. Aug. 16, 1783.) 

Married.] Dr. Matthew Irwin, of the State of Virginia, to Miss 
Mary BuUine, Daughter of the deceased John Bulhne, Esq — Mr, 
John M'Cullough of St. John's Parish, to Miss Mary Stocker, 
Daughter of the deceased Dr. Stocker. — Mr. Thomas Gough of 


Jacksonborough, Merchant, to Mrs. Leslie Creighton, Widow of 
the deceased Mr. WiUiam Creighton. — Mr. Anthony Ashby, of 
St. John's Parish, to Miss Charlotte Marion, Niece to Brigadier 
General Marion. — Capt. Jabez Chalker, to Miss Ann Compton. — 
Mr. John M'Clean, to Mrs. Mary Pratt, widow of Mr. James 
Pratt. (Saturday, August 23, 1783.) 

Died.] At Ponpon, in the Bloom of Life, Mrs. Susanna Sim- 
mons, wife of Mr. John Simmons. — At the Horse-Shoe, John Hext, 
Esq; much regretted by his friends and acquaintances. — In Charles- 
ton, Mrs. Martha Mathews, wife of the Rev. Mr. Mathews, and 
the eldest daughter of Mr. Patrick Hinds. (Sat. Aug. 23, 1783.) 

Died.] In Charleston, Mrs. Susanna Hill, consort of the Rev. 
Mr. Hill. In St. Stephens Parish, Dr. Francis Hagan. At the 
Seat of Thomas Jones, Esq; at the High Hills of Santee, Miss Mar- 
tha Burt, formerly of This Town. 

In our last, we mentioned the Death of Mrs. Susanna Simmons, 
and John Hext, Esq; which we are happy to inform the public, 
was without Foundation. (Sat. Aug. 30, 1783.) 

Last Thursday died, after an illness of only a few hours, in the 
very bloom of life, much lamented by her friends and acquaint- 
ances, Mrs. Susanna Waring, the amiable Consort of Mr. Benja- 
min Waring, son of John Waring Esq. (Saturday, September 6, 

Married.] Mr. William Capers of Christ-Church Parish, to 
Miss Mary Singletary, daughter of John Singletary Esq; of St. 
Thomas's Parish. — Mr. Peter Peyott, to Mrs. Ehzabeth Hurst, 
widow of Herman Hurst. (Sat. Sept. 6, 1783.) 

Died.] Mr. Potts, Merchant, lately arrived here from Eng- 
land. (Sat. Sept. 6, 1783.) 

Married.] Mr. Charles Elliott, Taylor, to Miss Ann Clarke, of 
Edisto. — Mr. John Collins, Carpenter, to Miss Mary CashpuU. 
(Saturday, September 13, 1783.) 

Died.] Mrs. Edwards, Wife of Mr. Isaac Edwards, lately ar- 
rived here from England. — Mrs. Stevenson, Wife of Capt. James 
Stevenson, of Wassamsaw. — At Berkley County, in Virginia, on 
the first day of June last, Mrs. Elizabeth Gates, Wife of the Hon. 
Maj.-Gen. Gates. (Sat. Sept. 13, 1783.) 

Married.] Mr. John Rogers, to Mrs. Sarah Yates, widow of 
the deceased Mr. Joseph Yates. (Saturday, September 29, 1783.) 


Died.] Last Saturday evening, in the 25th year of his age, Mr. 
William-Henry Harvey, youngest son of William Harvey, Esq. — 
On Sunday, Miss Dorothy Price, only child of M"". William Price. 
— On Tuesday, after a tedious illness, Mrs. Jane Stewart — At the 
High Hills of Santee, in the bloom of life, Mrs. Mary Benison, 
daughter of Coll. Mathew Singleton, and relict of the gallant 
Major Thomas Benison, who fell at Wambaw in gloriously defend- 
ing the liberties of his Country. — She was possessed in an eminent 
degree with every virtue that adorns the sex, and is greatly la- 
mented by a numerous acquaintance. (Sat. Sept. 20, 1783.) 

Died.] Mrs. Porcher, relict of the deceased Peter Porcher, 
Esq. — After a long illness, Mr. Henry Lybert, a worthy honest 
man. — In a very advanced age, Mrs. Sarah Ellis. — In Christ 
Church Parish, D''. Joseph Hall. (Saturday, September 27, 1783.) 

Married.] Last Thursday evening, Henry Peronneau, Esq; 
Attorney at Law, to Miss Polly Hall, daughter of the deceased 
Mr. William Hall, of this Town. — The same evening, Mr. Lewis 
Ogier, to Miss Susana Martin, second daughter of the Rev. John 
Martin deceased, of Will Town. — At Philadelphia, Mr. W™. Bur- 
rows, son of the late William Burrows, Esq; of this town, to Miss 
Mary Bond, daughter of Thomas Bond, Esq; Purveyor-General 
to the United States of America. (Saturday, October 4, 1783.) 

Died.] On Sunday morning, in the bloom of life, Mr. William 
Brown, Merchant, a young gentleman whose amiable disposition 
causes his death to be sincerely lamented by all his friends and 
acquaintance. — Master Edward Jenkins, son of the Rev. Mr. Ed- 
ward Jenkins. — At Edisto, Mrs. Mary Townsend, the amiable 
consort of Mr. Thos. Townsend, of that island. (Sat. Oct. 4, 

Married.] At Edisto, last Tuesday, Mr. Paul Fripp, jun. of 
St. Helena, to Miss Betsey Jenkins, daughter of the deceased Mr. 
Richard Jenkins. — Lately at St. Augustine, Lieut. Col. John 
Hamilton, of the Royal North-Carolina regiment, to miss Claudia 
Tattnall, daughter of Josiah Tattnall, Esq; formerly of Savannah. 
(Saturday, October 18, 1783.) 

Died.] At Indian Land, in an advanced age, Mrs. Sarah 
Hatcher. — In Charleston, Miss Anne Green, of Georgetown. — Miss 
Mary Bower, only daughter of Mr. William Bower, Watchmaker. 
(Sat. Oct. 18, 1783.) 


Wednesday evening, the 15th instant, Hext M'Call, Esq; was 
married to the amiable and accompHshed Miss Betsey Pickering 
the daughter of the deceased Joseph Pickering, Esq; (Friday 
October 24, 1783.) 

{To he continued) 


By an act of the General Assembly, April 19, 1734^ and March 
29, 1735 the parish of Prince George Winyah was divided and 
that part "beginning at the Southwesternmost plantation of 
John Du Bose on Santee, from thence on a line to the head of 
John Green's creek, and down the said creek till you come to 
Black river and from thence over Black river to the plantation of 
John Bogg, to be included in the town parish to Pee Dee River; 
and that part of the parish where in the parish church now is, 
shall and is hereby declared to be a distinct parish by itself . . . 
and known by the name of Prince Frederick." 

As seen by above act, the parish Church of Prince George, 
Winyah, fell into the line of the new parish, and became the par- 
ish church of Prince Frederick. The church was begun in 1726, 
and was still unfinished in 1730;^ but was evidently completed by 
1734, for in that year the pews were sold.^ 

Dalcho, writing in 1819, says, "The church is commodious and 
well constructed, built of brick, 40 feet long by 30 wide." There 
is nothing left of the church today, except parts of the foundation 
which is covered with earth. 

The church seems to been abandoned about 1810, when the rec- 
tor. Rev. Hugh Eraser, resigned. 

In 1837, the Bishop reports that "a new building has recently 
been consecrated in Prince Fredericks parish, on the Pee Dee, a 
very small number of hberal friends of Christs kingdom have done 
this pius work."^ There was no regular rector until 1840, when 
the Rev. John B. Gallagher of New York, took charge, he reported 
14 white communicants, 3 colored, 15 noncommunicants, and 16 
children under fourteen; this Httle wooden church was afterwards 
moved to Plantersville, and the present very handsome httle 

' Copied by Mrs. Arthur Putnam Webber, and Mabel L. Webber. 
^ St. at Large, v. 3, p. 374. 
' Register for Pritice Frederick. 
* Ibid. 

' Diocesan Journal, 1837. Ibid., 1840. 



church was begun about 1860. The Register (1713-1769), and 
Minutes of the Vestry, 1729-1779 of Prince Frederick, have re- 
cently been pubUshed by the National Society of Colonial Dames 
of America, through the efiforts of Mrs. Ehzabeth W. Allston 
Pringle, and, besides the genealogical value, give us an interesting 
insight in to the working of the parish system before the Revolu- 

Sacred to the Memory / of / William Bellune / who departed 
this hfe on / the 28th March 1830 / Aged 76 years 9 months / 
and 23 days / Having faithfully served his / country and his God. 

Sacred / To the Memory of / Mrs. Jane Bossard / Daughter 
of / James and Jane Green / who departed this life / 6th January 
1809 / aged 20 years and 5 months. 

Here lyes the Body of / WilHam Brown / who departed this 
Life / the 10th of Nov. 1749 / aged 34 years / and Hester Brown 
His Wife / who also departed this Life / the 27th of Sept^ 1788 / 
Aged 73 years. . . . • 

Sacred to / The Memory of Francis Y. [or G?] Coachman / Who 
departed this Hfe on the 26th day / of November 1833 / In the 
29th year / of his age. 

In / Memory of / M" Hannah Coachman / who departed this 
life / the 12th November 1808 / Aged 30 years and 9 months. 

Sarah Ann Davis / departed this life / on the 1»* of May 1819. / 
aged 25 years 2 months & 12 days . . . 

Sacred / To the Memory of / M'■^ Adelaid Eliza Davis / who 
was born 16*'' January A. D. 1801 / and departed this hfe the / 
27*^ Sept. A. D. 1822 / Ages 21 years 8 months and 11 days. / 
Besides her on the right sleeps her / infant babe / Benjamin 
James Somers / who was born IS*** August A. D. 1821 / and 
died 9*^ November of the / same year / aged 2 months and 25 
days. . . . 

. . . James / son of James & Jane T. Dealy / died 10 No- 
vember 1833 / aged 9 years and 7 months. 

. . . Mrs. Jane T. Dealy / who departed this hfe / Febru- 
ary 17th 1826 / aged 22 years and 1 month. ... 

. . . Samuel G. Dealy / son of James & Jane T. Dealy/ 
and adopted son of / Samuel & Mary E. Green / who departed 
this hfe / 23rd of July 1832 / aged 6 years & 7 months / "He is 


[1.] In Memory / of / Mrs. Lydia Dozier / relict of the late 
Mr. John Dozier / She died the 25th day of Nov. 1832. / aged 51 
years 1 month and 2 days. . . . 

[2.] Sacred to the Memory / of / John Dozier Esq. / who died 
on the 15th day of August 1830 / In the 55th year of his age. . . . 

[3.] In Memory of John Ralston / who died 17th day of Feb. 
1842 / aged 30 years 10 months and 19 days. / Also / EHzabeth 
Giles Ralston / Relict of John Ralston / and Daughter of the late 
Col. John Dozier / Who died 30th day of Jan. 1851 aged 36 years 
& 4 Days. / and of / Their infant daughter Susan Adelaid who 
died 7th day Jan. 1842 / aged 3 months and 21 days / and of their 
son / Anthony Dozier / who died 22 Sept. 1843 / Aged 3 years 
2 months & 22 days. 

[The above three monuments are in one enclosure, surrounded by 
a high brick wall still in excellent condition.] 

Sacred / To the Memory of / Sarah T. Easterling / wife of / 
John R. Easterhng / and daughter of / Capt. Robert & Elizabeth / 
McCottry/who departed this life /17th April 1817 /Aged 17 

Sacred / to the Memory / of / Anna Green / Consort of / 
Richard Green / who died 13th of / June 1834 aged 65 years. . . . 

Sacred / to the Memory / of / Benjamin D. Green / who died 
the 25th of Septr. 1827 / aged Eighteen Years / 7 mos. . . . 

Sacred / to the Memory / of Elizabeth Green / daughter of 
James Green / who died August 1805 / aged 9 [?] years & 7 
months. . . . 

. . . Mrs. Elizabeth Green / relict of / Mr. Francis Green / 
who departed this hfe on / the 8th May / A. D. 1829 / aged / 70 

Sacred / to the Memory / of M'^. Ehzabeth Green / wife of / 
James Green / who departed this life / 22'*'^. November 1813 / 
aged 58 years. . . . 

. . . M'. Francis Green / who departed this liie / 17^^ 
Jan^. 1825 / aged 78 years / and 9 mos. 

. . . Francis Green / son of James Green / who departed 
this life / 29th November 1800 / aged 19 years 1 month and 9 

In / Memory / of / James Green / son of / James Green / who 
died Sepf. 21^*. 1787 / aged 7 months and 1 day. 


In / Memory of / James Green who departed this life / the 
24*''. of October 1801 / aged 75 years, 5 mos. & 3 days. 

Here Lies / James Francis / son of / John F. and Esther Green / 
who died / 14**". November 1828 / aged 2 years 8 months and 19 
days. . . . 

Sacred / to the Memory of / James S Green / A Planter of Black 

River / who departed this life / the of November A. D. 1823 / 

Aged 62 years & 6 months / He of the Band that followed / 

the fortunes of Marion. Gallantly served / & sustained 

the honor of his country in the well / contested battle of the Eu- 
taw / when Peace was concluded M''. Green retiring to the walks 
of private life / pursuing the occupation of a planter / with small 
capital / 

[Then follows 8 lines of eulogy, the stone is so badly broken and 
scattered that the whole inscription can not be found.] 

In Memory / of / Jane Green / who departed this life / the 
3^ November 1802 / aged 18 years and 21 days. 

Sacred / to the Memory of / Jane Green / Daughter of / H. 
Futhey / and wife of / James Green / who died May 20th 1797 
aged / 35 years 7 months. 

In / Memory of / M'^ Jane Green / who died 7*^. of October 
1807 / aged 75 years 5 months and 18 days. ... 

To / the Memory of / Mrs. Lydia Jane Green / who departed 
this Ufe/ July 17*h 1796. 

In memory of / Miss Mary Green / Daughter of Samuel & / 
Sarah Green / who died / Sept. 18, 1845 in the 54th year / of her 
age. . . . 

. . . Mary L. Green / daughter of James & Mary E. Green / 
who departed this life / October 5th 1831 / aged 2 years 1 month. 

. . . Richard Green / who died the 12th / of Sept'. 1827 / 
aged 70 years 5 months. ... 

Sacred / to the Memory / of / Richard Benjamin / Green / who 
was born / March 13, 1830, and departed this Life / June 6, 1881. 

. . . Samuel Green / who died / February 13, 1821 / AE. 
573a-. & 11 mos. . . . [Stone badly broken.] 

In / Memory of / William Green / who departed this life / the 
5th July 1778 / aged 65 years and 10 months. 


Sacred / to the Memory of / William G. / Green / who departed 
this Hfe the 15th / October 1813 / aged 30 years. 

Sacred / to the Memory of / Wilham H. Green / Son of / James 
Green / who died 16th May 1786 / Aged 10 months and / 20 days. 

In / Memory of / John James Hale / who was born / 20th Jan. 
1786. / And died / 6th Nov. 1831. 

. . . Mrs. Margaret / Consort of / Alexander Hales / who 
was born on Cooper River / St. Thomas Parish / and died Septem- 
ber 16*1^ A: D : 1826 / aged 35 years. , . . 

Sacred / to the Memory of / Mrs. Ehzabeth L. Keith / consort 
of / Thomas J. Keith / who was born 20th Oct". 1814 / and de- 
parted this hfe on the 17th January 1835 / aged 20 years 2 months 
and 18 days / Beside her on the Right / sleeps her two little Babes 
/ Mary Jane who was born / 17th of March, 1833, and died / First 
November of that year / aged 7 months and 14 days / and her 
son who was born 8th September 1831, and died in a few hours 
after his birth. . . . 

Sacred / To the Memory / of / Archibald Liggit / A native of 
Mecklenberg / County. No. Ca. / who died / The 9th of May 
1846, / aged about Forty Years. 

Sacred / to Annie Laurie / wife of S. P. Long / Born July 7, 
1878 / Died Aug. 1, 1898 / aged 18 years & 24 days / . . . 

. . . Anna Maria / Pipkin / daughter of Levin / and Eliza 
Pipkin / born Feb. 5th 1832 / Died Jan. 31st. 1835. 

. . . Eliza Pipkin / a native of Christ Church Parish / She 
departed this life 1824 / in the 30th year of her age. 

. . . John L. Pipkin / son of Levin and EUza / Pipkin 
Died / 19th May, 1828 / aged 4 months / and 19 days / . . . 

To / The Memory of / M''^ Elizabeth Roland / who departed 
this Life / February 24*^ 1802. 

Sacred / to the Memory of / Mrs. Ehzabeth / Wife of the / 
Rev. Jeremiah Russell /who departed this Ufe/24th March 1816/ 
AE. 43 years 3 months and 6 Days. 

. . . J. W. Skinner / Born / Dec. 13, 1817 / Died / May 11 
/ 1865. 

. . . John White /who died Sept^ 28th 1854 / aged 62 
years. . . . 

. . . Sarah White / consort of / John White / who died 
Dec'. 20*^ 1857 / Aged 63 years. . . . 



Addressed Capt. Calvin Spencer/ 

Thompson Creek. 
Honored by 1 
'W. T. Godfrey] 

Georgetown, 29th December 1788. 
Dear Sir: — 

Myself and Family were well pleased to hear by Mr. Leigh on 
his return that Mrs. Spencer was safely delivered of a Daughter, 
(and that you with the rest of the Family were well,) on which 
occasion we heartily Congratulate you both. 

It is with some degree of pleasure that I have now found an op- 
portunity to inform you that Wilson who commanded in the 
British Cavalry while Georgetown^ was Garrisoned by them is 
now here, and who if I recollect rightly took away your Horse, 
as well as took yourself & poor Shackelford prisoners at Mrs. 
Bonneaus^ — the Fellow is apparently afraid of his Shadow, recol- 
lecting I suppose the many Mischiefs he did while here in his Com- 
mand; he has been told of some, and as he has been Successful in 

^ According to Gregg {Hist. Old Cheraws, p. 106) William and Calvin 
Spencer came to the Pee Dee district from Conn, a few years before the Revo- 
lution. William settled in Anson Co., N. C. 

Calvin Spencer lived first in Prince George's Parish; he a captain in Col. 
Huger's battallion, Contl. Army in Dec. 1777, when he resigned; he was 
then appointed Assistant Deputy Quartermaster General of the State of S. C. 
with rank of Captain (this Magazine, vol. VII, p. 77). He married 22. Aug. 
1782, Rebecca, youngest daughter of George Ford of Prince George's Winyah; 
(Ibid., vol XIV, p. 111.) They have left a number of descendants. An ac- 
count of Spencer's capture is given in Gregg's Old Cheraws, page 463. He 
died in January, 1801; his widow married Thomas Powe, and died about 
1844. Spencer moved to Chesterfield Dist. after his marriage; was Repre- 
sentative for St. Davids, 1784, 1786. Delegate to the conventions in 1788 
and 1790. Col. of Chesterfield Regt. Militia in 1800. 

^ Georgetown was garrisoned in 1780 by a detachment of British pro- 
vincials (McCrady, 1775-1780, p. 562.) 

* Mrs. Bonneau was Mary Ford, a sister of Rebecca who rad. Calvin Spen- 
cer; She married Peter Bonneau in 1767. 



obtaining Administration on Baird's^ Estate which he now Heirs, 
he purposes selling and carrying to Europe all he can get thereby, 
and to leave his wife only a bare Maintauiance; (they are total 
enemies to each other) and Wilson has not a well wisher in this 
place but two — So that from these circumstances others as well 
as myself Suppose that by a Spirited AppUcation either personal 
or by Letter from you immediately will so terrify him as will 
readily induce him to Comply with almost any request that may 
be made of him — The sooner this is done the Better — if it is possible 
you had better come down, if not write to him fully on the occasion 
the value of the Horse, and the mode of payment you would wish 
and send it to me and I would almost insure the success for a trifle. 

Expecting to hear from you on this affair by the earhest oppor- 
tunity I rest for the present. 

There has been a Number of Deaths since you were here, in 
this place, say — Myers, Ballard, Cryer, Geo. Brown and Isaac 
Lesesne, the latter died a Deplorable Death — Drunk and by him- 
self, with a pitcher of stout Grog at his back. 

Having nothing farther to Communicate Betsey joins me in 
love to you all, and gives you the Compliments of the Approaching 
New Year. 

I am Dear Sir 

Your Most Obt. HI. Serv. 

Jacob Wm. Harvey.^ 

Richard Pearis or Pearce: commonly styled Paris, (whence 
Paris' Mountain, near Greenville, S. C.).^ Born, Ireland, n.d.; 
settled, Frederic Co., Va., prior to 1750. Located, Long Island of 
Holston River, Indian trader, associated with Nathaniel, (after- 
wards General), Gist, 1754. A speaker of influence, an orator of 

* Mrs. Winifred Willson was administratrix of Archibald Baird's estate in 
Jan. 1784. 

* Jacob William Harvey was the son of Benjamin Harvey 1722-1756, of 

^ Sources : Historical Commission Report on American MSS in Royal 
Institution of Great Britain, Carleton or Dorchester Papers; Dinwiddle 
Papers, Virginia Historical Publications; Gibbes Documentary History; 
American Archives; Logan's MSS Notes History Upper South Carolina; 
Loyalist Commission Reports Transcript, N. Y.; Drayton's Memoirs; Tan- 
ning's Narrative. 


rude, savage eloquence and power, commended himself to Gov. 
Dinwiddle by loyalty and efficiency. Lieutenant, Va. Provin- 
cials, 1755. Commissioned Captain, 1756, to command company 
of Cherokees and Catawbas in the expedition against Shawnee 
Towns west of the Ohio, under Maj. Andw. Lewis. Commended. 
Served under Gens. Forbes, Stanwix, Monckton and Boquet, to 
end of French and Indian War; was first into Ft. Duquesne. 
Commended by Gen. Forbes; thanked by Lord Eglinton. Ap- 
pointed Agent for Southern Indians. Served with effect on bor- 
der of Maryland, Pennsylvania and Virginia, with headquarters at 
Ft. Pitt. Owing to great influence over the Cherokees, through 
his Indian wife, was ordered southward, where he might be "more 
centrically located to gather the Cherokees in event of an Indian 
outbreak;" and, in 1768, was located at the Big Canebrake, on 
Reedy River, headwaters of the Enoree, beyond the Indian Line, 
in So. Ca. Through his natural son by his Indian wife, secured 
an immense tract of land on the headwaters of the Enoree, 150,000 
acres, at the Great Plains on Reedy River; where he conducted a 
large Indian station and trader's post, a center of great and wide- 
spreading influence among the Valley and Overhill Cherokees. 
Every effort was made by the Whigs, 1775, to secure him and the 
Indians to their interest or as neutrals. But, chagrined by the 
appointment of George Mc Alpine, (commonly styled Galphin), of 
Augusta, his rival in trade. Superintendent of Indian Affairs for 
Congress, Southern Department, he took the King's part. As 
adjutant with Jo Robinson, Wm. Cunningham, Thos. Browne and 
Evan McLaurin, besieged Andrew Williamson at 96. Was taken 
at the battle of Big Canebrake, on Reedy, carried to Charles Town, 
and imprisoned nine months in irons in the common gaol. During 
incarceration his property and his trading-station were plundered 
and burned to the ground, his family deported, his cattle and 
stock used to feed Williamson's army on its famous march into 
the Indian country. Liberated, in the autumn of 1776, on taking 
an oath of neutrality, finding his property destroyed, his family 
deported, and his own life threatened, though protected for awhile 
by John Rutledge, Pearls, in company with Maj. Jo Robinson, 
Capt. John York, and Lieut. David Fanning, secretly raised 400 
men to join the British in Florida; was betrayed, fled, on foot, 
through the wilderness, to Pensacola, 1777. Commissioned Cap- 


tain, Light Horse Troop, Col. John Stewart's Corps West Florida 
Loyal Refugees, Jan., 1778. Operated with success about Mobile; 
reinforced St. Augustine against Howe's expedition; with Prevost 
invading Georgia; served defense of Savannah against French- 
American force; with Gen. Pattison at siege and reduction of Charles 
Town; commissioned Lt. Col. S. C. Provincials, by Sir H. Clinton, 
May 3, 1780; despatched to 96 District to raise and embody friends 
of government, with Innes and Balfour; served under Col. T. 
Browne defence of Ft. Cornwallis, Augusta; taken, at reduction by 
Pickens and Lee. His assassination attempted; was saved by 
Andw. Pickens, sent under safeguard to Savannah. Retired to 
East Florida, where his services were acknowledged in "extra- 
ordinary payment" by Sir Guy Carleton; died in the Island of 
Abaco, in much poverty, n.d. 

Contributed by John Bennett. 






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Journal of a Voyage to Charlestown in So. Carolina by 
Pelatiah Webster in 1765. Edited by Prof. T. P. Harrison, 
1898. 75c. 

The History of the Santee Canal. By Prof. F. A. 
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Address: South Carolina Historical Society, 

Charleston, S. C. 








JULY, 1917 

Entered at the Post-office at Charleston, S. C, as 
Second-Class Matter 


Joseph W. Barnwell, Henry A. M. Smith, 

A. S. Salley, Jr. 

Mabel L. Webber. 


The Orange Quarter and the First French Settlers in South 
CaroUna 101 

The Register of Christ Church Parish 124 

Letters of John Rutledge 131 

Marriage and Death Notices from the South Carolina Weekly 
Gazette 143 

Order Book of John Faueheraud Grimke . . 149 

N. B. — These Magazines, with the exception of No. 1 of 
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free use of the Society's library. 

Any member who has not received the last number will 
please notify the Secretary and Treasurer. 

Miss Mabel L. Webber, 

South Carolina Historical Society, 

Charleston, S, C. 

The South Carolina 
Historical and Genealogical 


VOL. XVIII. JULY, 1917 No. 3 


By Henry A. M. Smith 

The late Genl, Edward McCrady whose work published in 
1897 may be regarded as the latest authoritative history of the 
period, gives the following account of the first French settlers: 

"In the redistribution of the lots in old Charles Town, Richard 
"Batin, Jacques Jours, and Richard Deyos received town lots. 
"These are assumed to have been French Protestants, but upon 
"what authority is not known. In 1677 grants were made to 
"Jean Batton; in 1678 to Jean Bazant and Richard Gaillard. 
"These were the first Huguenots in Carolina of whom there is 
" record. "1 

McCrady gives as his authority for this, Howe 's History of the 
Presbyterian Church in South Carolina, which was published in 
1870. Howe (vol. t, p. 73) gives practically the same account as 
repeated by McCrady, adding to the supposed first French Hugue- 
nots, John Monke in 1682, and a grant "to Marie Batton wife of 
"Jean Batton (ci-devant Mary Fosteen)." 

On a later page (p. 101) Howe mentions as one of the probable 
French Huguenots to whom lots were granted in old Charles 

1 So: Ca: under the Proprietary Govt., 1670-1716, pp. 180-181. 



Town, James Jour (not Jacques Jours). He also adds to the list 
of French immigrants to whom early grants were given, Jean 
BuUon (not Batton) in 1677, to Lydia Barnott in 1678, to Pierre 
Bodit in 1678 and to Samuel Buttall in 1682. Howe does not 
give his authority but the writer surmises that he may have seen 
the MS. history of the Huguenots of South Carohna and their 
descendants compiled by the late Thomas Gaillard, who in 1832 
removed from South Carolina to Alabama. Mr. Gaillard seems to 
have done considerable research work (of a desultory kind) in 
the South Carolina records. Copious extracts from this MS. 
were published in the transactions of the Huguenot Society of 
South Carohna for 1897. Most of the names given by Howe and 
McCrady as early French grantees of lands are given by Mr. 

A close examination of the original records shows the assumption 
that these early grantees were French is probably a mistake. 

The three names given as persons to whom lots were awarded 
at the redistribution in old Charles Town are Richard Batin, 
Jacques Jours or James Jour, and Richard Deyos. A list of the 
persons to whom these lots were awarded will be found in the 
Collections of the Historical Society of S. C, vol. 5, p. 408, and also 
more exactly in the Journal of the Grand Council printed by the 
Historical Commission of S. C. in 1907 pp. 40-41. The most 
careful search reveals no Jacques Jours or James Jour, but one James 
Jones receives lot 14. Richard Battin receives lot 13, and Rich- 
ard Deyos lot 19. As to Richard Battin a person of that name 
came out to Carohna in August 1671 in the ship Blessing from 
England with a shipload of Enghsh and Irish emigrants ,2 who 
together with a fellow emigrant in the same ship, one William Loe, 
stole a quantity of chattels and ran away from the settlement, were 
captured, tried, and condemned to death, and reprieved only on 
the intercession of Lady Yeamans and the rest of the ladies of 
the colony; and in June 1673 Richard Battin, joiner, was for 
malicious scandal ordered to receive thirteen lashes on his naked 
back "well laid on. "^ In 1677 a warrant for 100 acres is issued to 
Richard Batten and Rebecca (not Marie) his wife.* There is no 

2 Com^ Hist:. Soc: vol. 5, p. 329. 

' Printed Journal of Grand Council, pp. 54, 55, 58. 

< Printed Warrants, 1672, p. 147. 


reason then to infer that that Richard Batten or Battin was other 
than one of the first Enghsh emigrants. 

Richard Deyos or Dyas was a gunner on the ship CaroHna 
on her very first trip to found the settlement in August 1669.^ 
In March 1670/71 he is mentioned as a seaman belonging to 
the Carolina, but as having property in the Province.® He 
arrived in the settlement in the very first fleet and brought with 
him or procured by June 1670 an indentured servant named 
Christopher Edwards'' and in December 1672 received a warrant 
for 300 acres.^ It is difficult to suppose at that time a seaman on 
an English vessel as an alien Frenchman. The suggestion of 
his being French is but a guess from the spelling of his name 
than which with regard to English names no guess can be more 
unsafe. The writer has been able to find no warrant or grant to 
any Jean Bullon, nor to Jean Batton, nor to Marie Batton ci- 
devant Mary Fosteen. Lydia Barnett received a warrant. for 
100 acres on 7 Sepf. 1678^ but that does not make her French 
more than Lidia Bassett to whom with her husband John Bassett 
a warrant for 140 acres was issued on 4*^ September 1675 as having 
arrived in August 1672, or than Lydia Bezant to whom with 
her husband John Bezant a warrant for 140 acres issued on 7*'» 
Sept'. 1678. The probabiHty is (under the errors that distinguished 
the scribes of that date in the writing of personal names) that 
John and Lydia Barnett, Bassett, or Bezant, were the same two 
who arrived with the other English settlers in August 1672.'° 
No warrant or grant to "Jean" Bazant has been found by the 
writer. No "Pierre" Bodit appears. A warrant to "Peter" 
Bodit "one of y® freemen of this province" for 600 acres was 
issued 13 July 1678.'' John Monk was an Englishman from 
Kingsclere^^, and Samuel Buttall was also an Englishman from 
Battersea near London'^. So that of all the names mentioned 

6 Com^ of the Hist: Soc: of S. C, vol 5, p. 141. 

6 Ibid, p. 300. 

^ Printed Journals of Grand Council, p. 34. 

8 Printed Warrants, 1672-1679, p. 55. 

9 Ibid, p. 175. 

"Ibid, pp. 100, 101, 175, 178. 

" Ibid, p. 167. 

^ S. C. Hist: and Gen: Mag: vol XIV, p. 139. 

^^ Deed in possession of writer. 


by Tho^ Gaillard, and by Howe, and McCrady after him, and by 
a number of ** thesis" writers and pamphleteers after them, as 
presumedly French, there remains but one that can plausibly be 
supposed such: viz ''Richard Gilliard" to whom a warrant was 
issued for 100 acres on 2°<' November 1678.^* The Gaillard 
family who a few years later are found in South Carolina were 
undoubtedly French Protestants. The name in South Carolina 
has been pronounced "Gilyard" so that the name of Richard 
Gilhard is written in the record we have of the warrant, as the 
name is here pronounced. Richard however is not among the 
family names of the subsequent Gaillards, He may have been 
of a family originally French but already anglicised for generations. 
The writer has found nothing more of him on the record than this 
entry of a warrant issued for 100 acres to him. Assuming that 
he was French he is the only name the writer has found on the 
record prior to 1680 that may with any certainty be classed as 
such. There are other names of uncertain class. Bevin, Allouron, 
and Shugeron to whom warrants are issued might be supposed to 
have a French flavour yet they are all apparently Irish, (viz 
"Teigue" Shugeron) who came out with Capt Florence O 'Sullivan 
in the first fleet in 1670.^^ There are other names to whom war- 
rants were issued prior to 1680 which at first sight the writer 
thought might be French viz Davith Dupeth and Enoch Dupis 
in 1677, Vera Aurora Peper in 1678, and Deoniz Brodie in 1679,^* 
or M' Ohohj (save that his name was Patrick) in 1679,^^ together 
with several others, but none of them seem to "connect up" with 
the later French settlers and the writer's own conclusion is that 
the most reasonable inference is that they were all part of the Eng- 
lish, Irish, Bermudian, Barbadian first settlement of the Province. 
Considering this and the subsequent expressions in the Statutes 
and other records concerning the advent of French and other alien 
settlers it would appear to be safe to infer that there were no 
French settlers in the Province prior to 1680. 

In 1680 came the first definite French immigration, about which 

" Printed Warrants, 1672-1679, p. 186. 

16 Ibid, p. 104. 

18 Ibid, pp. 152, 179, 203. 

" Ibid, p. 205. 


also a curious error (in an immaterial point) has found currency. 
If an error, especially an historical or genealogical error, once 
creeps into print it seems impossible ever to obhterate it. It 
continues to crop up again and again, each new repetition serving 
as an additional basis or "authority." The historian George 
Chalmers in his Political Annals of the United Colonies published 
in London in 1780 stated that King Charles II in April 1679 
ordered two small vessels to transport at his expense several 
foreign protestants to Carolina. Following Chalmers, David 
Ramsay in his History of South Carolina makes the same state- 
ment, as does Bancroft, and W™ Gilmore Simms. Howe in his 
History of the Presbyterian Church in S. C. published in 1870 states 
(on p. 73) "his majesty Charles II gave orders for fitting out two 
"suitable ships for their conveyance. One of these vessels was 
"the frigate Richmond which arrived in 1680 bringing out forty- 
"five French refugees. Charles himself bore the expense of their 
"transportation. A more considerable number soon followed in 
"another vessel, also at the expense of government." 

General M'^Crady follows Howe with some amplification. The 
error referred to in these accounts is that the French emigrants 
referred to came in two vessels, a considerable number following 
those, who first come over in the frigate Richmond. From the 
original material now available we find the true account to be as 

On 10 Febry 1679 Mons' Rene Petit petitioned his Majesty 
Charles II that four score Protestant families skilled in the manu- 
facture of silks, oils, wines, &c. be transported to Carolina in 
two of his Majesty's small ships and £2000 be advanced for this 
purpose to be reimbursed from the receipts from the customs on 
the commodities of that plantation. In March 1679 an additional 
petition was presented from Rene Petit and Jacob Guerard setting 
out further reasons and praying despatch. Gen^ M^'Crady gives 
this last name as "Grinard" a mistake due to the misspeUing in 
the abstract given in Vol. 1 p. 102 of the Collections of the Histori- 
cal Society ofS. C, of the petition which he refers to as his authority, 
and where the name is given as Grinard. It was without question 
Guerard. Before action on these petitions the Board of Lords 
of Trade and Plantations before whom the petitions were considered 
referred them to the Lords Proprietors of Carolina for their con- 


sent. On 6 March 1679 the Lords Proprietors informed the Board 
that at an outlay of some £17000. to £18000. they had brought 
the Colony to so prosperous a condition that for years men of 
estates had gone there on their own account, but admit that both 
their interest and his Majesty's will be served by the coming of 
these foreigners to Carolina and the attraction their success will 
hold out to other foreigners and Protestants. That these ''poor 
gentlemen" are fit objects of the King's goodness and that the 
outlay will be profitable. 

Two things are to be noticed in this communication of the Lords 
Proprietors. P* The coming of these "foreigners" to Carolina 
is spoken of as the first occasion of the kind, thus confirming the 
inference already drawn that no French came prior to this date, 
and 2°^* they are referred to as "poor gentlemen." 

On the same date (6 March) there are further "Humble pro- 
posals for Carolina" in the handwriting of Rene Petit to the effect 
that 50 or 60 foreign families (a fall from the first 80) are ready to 
ship in February 1680 and that his proposals are already agreed to 
by the Proprietors of Carolina. On 22 May 1679 the Board 
agreed to recommend the preparation of two ships to draw not 
more than twelve feet to transport the families — the families to 
victual themselves, and the King to be at no charge beyond main- 
taining the ships and their crews, and on 28 May it was so ordered, 
but nothing more seems to have been done until 17 October 1679 
when Rene Petit the Kings agent at Rouen and Jacob Guerard 
Gentleman of Normandy petitioned that a certain number of the 
Protestant families already arrived in England may be shipped 
to Carolina on the Richmond frigate then about to go to Barbadoes 
and that a warrant for £2000. be made to the petitioners, one 
half to be received on arrival of the first batch of emigrants and 
the other half on arrival of the rest. On the 29 Octr this petition 
for the transport of several Protestant famiUes to Carolina on the 
Richmond was granted. 

On the 17 Deer 1679 the Lords Proprietors write to the Governor 
and Council of Carolina at Ashley River that by the same ship 
that carried the letter several foreign Protestant families went to 
Carolina to settle. They were to have the quantities of land 
granted directed in a previous letter of 19 May 1679 viz: To 
each free person male or female 70 acres of land with 70 acres more 


for each manservant and 50 acres for each woman servant or 
manservant between the ages of 12 and 16. On expiration of 
their term of service each servant was to receive 60 acres. The 
Proprietors add in the letter that they have granted to Rene Petit 
and Jacob Guerard each a manor of 4000 acres to be passed to 
them as soon as desired. The letter is marked " Per the Richmond 
"frigate Capt: Dunbar commanding. "^^ 

The plan of sending two ships was changed and the ship Richmond 
alone made the transportation. Accompanying the Richmond 
on the voyage was M' Thomas Ash ''Gent." who was the Clerk 
on board. On his return he wrote a sketch entitled "Carolina; 
"or a Description of the Present State of that Country and the 
''Natural Excellencies thereof," which was published in London 
in 1682. In this sketch he states that a production of silk was 
well calculated to succeed in the Province and "To make tryal 
" of its Success was the Intention of those French Protestant Pas- 
"sengers transported thither in His Majesties Frigat the Rich- 
"mond being forty five, the half of a greater Number designed 
"for that place." 

The Statute enacted by the General Assembly of Carolina 1 
May 1691^' declares that King Charles "was pleased in the yeare 
"one thousand six hundred and eighty for the encouragement of 
"a Manufacture of silk oyle and wine to send in one of his owne 
"shipps of W&rr several French Protestants into this Country^ 
"to inhabitt and dwell in the same and their posterity after them." 

From all which it may be inferred: 

1 — That the French immigrants in 1680 came in but one ship; 
the Richmond. 

2 — That they numbered in all but forty five. 

3 — That they were the first French to arrive in the colony and 
were brought to forward the colony's agriculture. The late M'. 
Thomas Gaillard whose work on the French Huguenots of South 
Carolina has been already referred to; discussing this subject of 
the transportation in two vessels or one, refers to the statement 
as to two vessels in 1679 as first made by Chalmers and repeated 

^8 Calendar of State Papers Am: and West Indies: vol: for 1677-1680, pp. 
328, 336, 337, 340, 351, 360, 364, 428, 435, 455. London MSS. in Of: Hist: 
Com., vol 1, pp. 62-79. 

" Stats at large, vol. 2, p. 58. 


in Bancroft and Simms, and concludes that finding no better 
authority than Chalmers for the statement he prefers the un- 
questionable authority of the Statute of 1691 that the trans- 
portation was made in 1680 in one vessel only.^" The records in 
the State Paper Ofi&ce in London to which M''. Gaillard did not 
have access but which are now available show that his conclusion 
on this point was correct. 

M"". Gaillard also refers to the supposed early grants to French 
immigrants prior to 1680 already herein referred to and states 
"there is also on record an order to lay out to John Batton 70 
"acres of land for Mary Batton his wife ci devant femme de 
"Fostien, she having arrived in May 1681. Order dated Sep- 
"tember 8*^^ 1683. "^^ 

Reference however to the original record of the order of 18*^ 
(not 8*'') September 1683 shows that there was to be "laid out 
"unto John Barton" (not Batton) "seaventy acres of land for 
"Mary his wife formerly knowne by the name of Mary Tosteen 
"arriving in May Annq: Dni 1681" — the cidevant femme de 
"Fostien" not appearing on the record. 

These forty five in the ship Richmond having been the first 
French to arrive the writer has for years endeavoured to ascertain 
their names and place of settlement in the Province. There is 
no known list of the forty five in existence. None appears among 
the State papers from London, and the books of entry in which 
their names were registered when they came to the colony have 
apparently been all destroyed. 

The sources of information for the names of the earliest French 
settlers are: 

First. The names of persons to whom warrants for land were 
issued, or to whom actual grants were made. The list of grants 
we now have of that early period seems imperfect with a number 
of omissions. How many it is impossible to say. So too the 
warrant books containing the record of warrants issued omit the 
names of persons, to whom it is ascertained from the grants, that 
warrants must have been issued. The extent of these omissions 
is also unknown — probably not great. In determining from the 

2" Transactions Huguenot Society of S. C. for 1897, p. 10. 
"Ibid, p. 11. 


name the nationality of the nominee, mistakes are apt to be made 
unless the person can be "checked up" from other sources, and 
circumstances. Some namps are in orders or instructions sent 
direct from the Proprietors to the Governor and Council and are not 
on the Provincial registers of grants or warrants. 

Second. The names contained in contemporaneous writings 
of which there are few, or mentioned in the recitals of boundaries 
in grants to other persons, or in the few remaining books of records 
of that date of wills and deeds of various kinds. 

Third. The names contained in the list known as the "St: 
Julien" or "Ravenel" list. This is a list of French and Swiss 
refugees in Carolina who desired to be naturalized. Its date by- 
comparison of names with births has been fixed at about 1696. 
It was found among the papers of Henry de St: Julien of St Johns 
Berkley who died in 1768 or 1769 and was the youngest son of 
Pierre de St: Julien mentioned in the list. His papers came into 
the possession of M'. Daniel Ravenel of Wantoot and the list was 
first published in 1822 in the Southern Intelligencer a paper pub- 
lished in Charleston. It was republished in 1867 and again in 
pamphlet form by T. Gaillard Thomas M. D. in 1888; and in 
1897 in the Transactions of the Huguenot Society of S. C. for 
that year. This list contains (as numbered in this last publication) 
154 heads — so to say — of famihes. But there are a number of 
duplications in this list (about 28 according to the writer's count) 
which would reduce the names of heads of families to about 126. 
It is subdivided into 3 sublists, N°. 2 of which contains the names 
of French who belonged to the Church at Orange Quarter. 

Fourth. The list of names contained in the Act of the Provincial 
Assembly ratified lO**' March 1696/7 entitled "An Act for making 
" AHens free of this Part of the Province and for Granting Liberty 
"of Conscience to all Protestants."^^ The Act contains a list of 
63 names of which 56 appear to be French; and of these 56 names 
36 are also included in the St: Julien list of persons who are "to 
"be" naturalized although the Act declares the 63 entitled to 
naturalization. The list of names in this Act is printed in alpha- 
betical order in the Transactions of the Huguenot Society before 
referred to,^^ but was badly proof read as it has several errors in it. 

22 Stats, at Large, Vol 2, p. 132. 
2s p. 240. 


In the same number of the Transactions of the Huguenot Society 
there is given^^ another list of French names said to have been 
complied by M'. Thomas Gaillard of Mobile. This list although 
containing many French names is unworthy of rehance for any 
trustworthy historical or genealogical investigation. It is filled 
also with many names of persons known to have been English 
and even of Jews. It bears the evidence of wild guess and distorted 
inferences and is mentioned here only for the purpose of distinctly 
stating that it can not be included in any source for safe information 
concerning the names of French settlers. 

The great bulk of the French immigration was apparently 
after 1685 when the Edict of Nantes was revoked. Not all the 
refugees with French names were French, some of them were 
Swiss, and by no means all came as the result of religious persecu- 
tion. The Act of 1 May 1691 divides the Ahen immigration 
into three classes: 

1. French Protestants who had been compelled to flee to 

2. The French Protestants whom King Charles II had brought 
over in 1680 for the encouragement of the manufacture of silk 
oil and wine. 

3. Persons born in Switzerland who of late years had settled 
in the Province. 

The Act of 10 March 1696/7 recites that, "Whereas Prosecution 
"for Religion hath forced some Aliens and trade and the fer- 
"tility of this Colony has encouraged others to resort to this 
Colony" &c. 

From all this we are to pick out the names of the first French 
immigrants viz: of those who came over on the ship Richmond, 

The writer for years had an impression that those who came 
over on the Richmond were those who settled at Orange Quarter 
in what was subsequently the Parish of St: Denis. The reason 
for this supposition was that these immigrants were brought out 
for the very purpose of agricultural pursuits and the production 
of silk oil and wine; and that Samuel Wilson who wrote "An 
"Account of the Province of Carolina" published in 1682^^ refers 
to the French settlement viz: "The Countrey hath gently rising 

" Pp. 47 to 52. 

^ CarroU's Hist: Coll^ of S. C, vol 2, p. 19. 


"Hills of fertile sand proper for Wines and further from the Sea 
"Rock and gravel, on which very good grapes grow naturally, 
"ripen well, and together, and very lushious in Taste, insomuch, 
"that the French Protestants who are there and skilled in wine 
"do no way doubt of producing great quantitys, and very good" 

The French Protestants who "are there" means probably 
settled there. 

A Samuel Wilson — possibly the author of the "Account" — 
obtained in 1684 a warrant, followed in 1688 by a grant, of 1000 
acres on the Cooper River and the Creek afterwards known as 
French Quarter creek, which grant included what might have 
been called "a gently rising Hill" viz Ahagan Bluff ,2^ and this in 
a loose indefinite way seemed to point to that section as the locality 
of the French settlement referred to by Wilson in 1682. 

Subsequent investigation and a careful comparison of the names 
of the French settlers in that locality with the names of such as 
apparently came out on the Richmond has satisfied the writer 
that this impression of his was erroneous. 

It has been shown that Jacob Guerard was with Rene Petit 
the petitioners for the transportation of those brought over on 
the Richmond, and that each Guerard and Petit were to receive 
a grant for 4000 acres. 

On 16 Nov'' 1680 a warrant was issued to lay out to Jacob 
Guerard 4000 acres." On the 18**^ of the succeeding February 
(1680/81) another warrant is issued to Jacob Guerard (spelled 
Garrard) in right of himself and wife for 560 acres due for the 
arrival of six servants viz Peter Oliver, Solomon Bremmer, Charles 
Fromagett, John Carier, Anna Lafelleine, and Mary Fortress.^' 

On 24 April 1681 a warrant was issued to Peter Jacob Guerard 
(spelled Gerrard) Isack Guerard, John Guerard, Joseph Guerard, 
Margaret Guerard, and Elizabeth Guerard for 420 acres.^' there 
is also a guant 18 Febry 1680 to M--^ Margret Petit for 70 acres.^" 
The record does not show if she had any connection with Rene 
Petit. The Richmond appears to have sailed from England about 

^ Proprietary Grants, vol. 38, p. 69. 
^'' Printed Warrants, 1680-1692, p. 26. 
2s Ibid, p. 31. 
" Ibid, p. 39. 
" Ibid, p. 29. 


the end of December 1679 or the early part of January 1680. 
When she arrived in Carolina the writer has not been able to find 
noted on the record. It may be guessed at sometime in the Spring 
of 1680 unless she was compelled by stress of weather or other 
reasons to stop on the way. The letter of the Proprietors to lay 
out 4000 acres to Jacob Guerard which went by the Richmond 
was dated 17 Deer 1679 yet the warrant was not issued in CaroHna 
until November 1680 so the vessel arrived sometime between those 
dates. On 1 November 1683 a warrant for 350 acres is issued to 
" Monsieur de la plane" (really Abraham Fleury de la Pleine) for 
himself and four servants arriving in April 1680 f^ and on 25 Feb- 
ruary 1683/4 a warrant is issued to "Mouns'' Abraham de la plaine" 
for 200 acres due to him for the arrival of Lewis, Lucy, Sharto, 
and Gabriel Te boo (Thibou) -^^ while on 1 November 1683 a war- 
rant is issued to Lewis Thibou for 210 acres due for himself and 
two servants arriving in April 1680:^^ and on 25 February 1683/4 
a warrant for 210 acres is issued to James Varine for the arrival of 
himself his wife and son on the 29 April 1680.^* 

Considering the connection between the names of Guerard and 
Petit with the immigrants on the Richmond, and the apparent 
coincidence of the dates of arrival of the other names mentioned 
with the probable date of arrival of the Richmond, the names 
mentioned are as close as the writer has been able to get to the 
probable names of the French Protestant passengers on that 
vessel. There were 7 Guerards: add Peter Olivier, Solomon 
Bremar and (according to the St Julien list) his wife Marie, 
Charles Fromagett, Jean Carriere, Anna Lafelleine and Mary 
Fortress (Marie Fougeraut?) 7 more making 14. Then Margaret 
Petit, Abraham Fleury with (according to the St Julien Hst) 
his daughter and son in law, and his brother Isaac Fleury, Louis 
Thibou, his wife (or daughter?) Charlotte (Sharto) and Louis 
Lucy and Gabrielle his children, Jacques Varin his wife and son 
13 more or 27 in all. The same guess might apply to John 
Calley S'' John Calley J' Walter Canon and Edward Musson 
(Mouzon?) to whom warrants were issued, for the first three on 

« Ibid, p. 107. 
S2 Ibid, p. 123. 
33 Ibid, p. 138. 
31 Ibid, p. 121. 


5 August 1680, and for Musson on 25 April 1681,*^ if only it could 
be safely inferred that they were French. 

If the inference that these are persons who came on the ship 
Richmond be plausible then it would seem to dispose of the theory 
that the Orange Quarter was settled by the persons transported 
on that ship for not one of these names except that of Solomon 
Bremar is found as borne by the first French grantees of land in 
that quarter. 

The first French name found by the writer in the vicinity of the 
Orange Quarter is that of Pierre Foure. This name does not 
appear on either the St Julien Ust nor the Act of 1696: nor has the 
writer ever found any record of any warrant or grant issued to him. 
As stated in the account of Pompion Hill plantation published in 
this Magazine, Vol. XVIII, p. 18, his name is found on the early 
map of Carolina published in 1715 and his ownership is shown by 
the certificate of the late Daniel Ravenel that he had seen the grant 
to him with the transfer from him to Pierre St Julien de Malacare. 
St Julien was in possession in 1687, for according to the certificate 
of the Rev: M"^ Trouillard, the marriage of his daughter to Ren6 
Ravenel was in that year celebrated at Pompion Hill. Nicholas 
de Longuemare and Josias du Pre were present at the wedding 
as the friends and witnesses of Ravenel. Nicholas de Longuemare 
on the 5 Jany 1685 (1686) had received a warrant for 100 acres 
for which he afterwards received a grant near Foure 's grant, and 
Josias du Pre also later received a grant adjacent to de Longue- 
mare. The St: Julien list gives as the French belonging to the 
Church at the Orange Quarter who desired naturalization: 

Anthoine Poitevin and his wife. 
Daniel Trezevant and his wife 
Pierre Dutartre and his wife 
Anthoine Poitevin J'' and his wife 
Pierre Poitevin 
Joseph Marboeuf 
Jean Aunant and wife 
Solomon Bremar and wife 
Nicholas Bouchet and wife 
Daniel Trezevant J' 

nearly all of whom seem by the list to have been closely connected 
by blood or intermarriage. The compiler of the St: Julien list 

35 Ibid, pp. 15, 16, 17, 35. 



or of that subdivision which contains the list of those at the Orange 
Quarter states at the foot that there were others whom he had not 
put down but who had been written down by the Committee, as 
''M"". Vidot" and some others. The earhest French name found 
in the locaHty was as we have seen Pierre Foure who transferred 
to Pierre St JuHen prior to 1687. There are a number of grants 
in the vicinity to o)thers than French settlers both prior and sub- 
sequent to that date and the majority of settlers even in the 
"Quarter" were not French, but the following are the French 
settlers in order of date of grant that the writer has found on the 


Nicholas de Longuemare 

Peter du Tartre 

Louis Juin 

Abel Bochet 

James de Bordeaux 

Nicholas Bochet 

George Juin 

Peter Videau 

Humphrey Torquet 

John Aunant 

Josias du Pr6 

Daniel Trezevant 

Paul Torquet 

Peter Poitevin 

Benjamin Simons 

Alexander de la Motte 

John Carteau 

John Petineau 

Philip Normand 

James Belin 

Matthew Tullada (French ?) 

Solomon Bremar 

Daniel Gobel (French ?) 

Louis Mouzon 

Louis du Tarque 

Joseph Marboeuf 

Anthony Bonneau 

Jacob Lapotre 

Daniel Brabant 

Peter Caretonau 

Jeremiah Varine 





5Jan'y 1685 
28Sepf 1696 
30 Oct' 

26 July 1697 

9 Sept 1696 

26 " 1697 

6 March 1696/7 
28 May 1696 

25 March 1698 

12 May 1702 

4 March 1702 
3Jany 1701/02 

23 Aug 1704 
23 Ocf 1697 

5 Jany 1704 
14 April 1705 

12 June 1708 

6 July 

16Mch 1708/9 

14 Dec"- 1708 

31 July 1711 


17 Mch 1688/9 
28 Ocf 1696 
12 Dec' " 
1 Sept"- 1697 

17 Aug. 1700 

11 Jany " 

12 May 1703 

18 Sept' " 
18 July 1703 
6 May 1704 

5 " 

6 July " 

5 May " 
(( (( (< 

15 Sept' 1705 

14 May 1707 

3 March 1708/9 
19 May 1709 

1 June " 

24 Nov' " 
14 April 1710 
27 June 1711 


Many of these persons were in the Province and were residents in 
the Orange Quarter before the apparent dates of these warrants. 
They seem to have gone into possession under some authority, 
leave, or agreement, prior to receiving warrants and grants. 
These names however constitute so far as the writer has been able 
to ascertain the names of the French settlers of that locality up 
to say 1711. They seem all to have settled there posterior to 1685 
and if the date of settlement was the date of arrival then they 
could none have been the immigrants brought over by the 

The name ''Orange Quarter" as applied to the settlement the 
writer first finds in the heading of one of the sublists of the St 
Julien list: viz; "Liste des noms des Fransioise qui se recuille 
"en I'Eglize du Cartie d 'Orange." In the Church Act of 1706 
a parish is provided for " in the Orange Quarter for the use of the 
" French Settlement there which shall be called by the name of 
"the parish of St: Dennis." 

In the additional Act of 1708 it is again referred to in the same 
language, and in the Act of 1712 provision is made for the support 
of a "Minister of the parish of St: Dennis for the French settle- 
"ment in Orange Quarter." By the tax Act of 1715 assessors 
or "enquirers" are appointed "for the parish of St: Dennis or 
"Orange Quarter, M^ Peter Videau, M^ Josiah Dupree and M'. 
"Peter Poitvin." 

How it acquired the name "Orange" Quarter the writer has 
never been able definitely to ascertain. 

Howe in his History of the Presbyterian Church in South Carolina 
published in 1870 states that it has been conjectured that the name 
was derived from the principality of Orange in the province of 
Avignon which at the period of the revocation belonged to William 
Prince of Orange afterwards King of England. He gives no author- 
ity for this conjecture. Shipp in his History of Methodism in 
South Carolina published in 1883 makes the same statement save 
that he makes it positively and leaves out the conjecture. M*- 
Crady in his work published in 1897 follows Howe, quoting him 
as his authority. It may be remarked that Orange was originally 
an independent principality and not a part of the County or City 
of Avignon, which in turn was not a province so called, and that 
it did not belong to William at the period of the revocation of the 


Edict of Nantes. He held the title of Prince of Orange but the 
principality outside of his personal estates had been annexed to 
the Crown of France. Not a single immigrant in the St: Julien 
list is entered as from Avignon, Orange, or the adjoining Comtat 
Venaissin, although two or three are stated as from Languedoc. 
The French settlers seem to have gone to the Orange Quarter 
between 1685 and 1696. William when invited over to England 
in 1688 was generally known as the Prince of Orange and not by 
the Dutch title of Stadtholder. It may be the section was called 
the Orange Quarter in compliment to his title. It is as Howe says 
a mere conjecture. 

On Herman Moll's map of 1715 the section is denominated 
"St: Thomas Parish with y« French Settlement at Orange Quarter 
"called St: Denis." 

It does not seem to have retained the name Orange Quarter long 
after 1715. The name "French" Quarter seems to have super- 
seded "Orange" and the creek from Cooper river through this 
settlement first known by the Indian name of Wisboo, or 
Wis-boo-e creek, and then as Lynch 's creek, acquired the name of 
French Quarter creek which it still retains. In the mouths of 
the negro inhabitants of the section it has been now further altered 
from "French" to "Fresh" Quarter creek. The Orange Quarter 
roughly speaking covered the area bounded Northwardly by the 
grants to Cassique John Ashby, Eastwardly by the settlements 
beyond the headwaters of the creek. Southwardly by the English 
settlements on the Cooper river and Westwardly by the Eastern 
Branch of Cooper river. The grants to the French settlers lay 
thickly around the headwaters of Wisboo Creek. 

The number of French settlers on the Eastern Branch of Cooper 
river i. e. at the Orange Quarter was given by Peter Girard a 
merchant in Charles T^own as 101 in March 1698/9. Allowing 
five persons to each family (an estimate probably excessive at 
that date) it would give about twenty families which roughly 
speaking agrees with the then settlers as inferred from the data 
to which reference has already been made. 

They probably had some church or congregational organization 
or meeting, for the St Julien sublist is of persons who attend the 
church in that quarter. That they had a Church edifice erected 
is not clear. There is on record a will of Caesar Moze dated 2,0 


June 1687^^ and probated 7 of July 1687, between which dates he 
must have died. By this will he devised to Nicholas Mayrant 
with whom he was then living "the plantation in which we are 
"jointly interested situated on the Eastern Branch of the T of 
"Cooper river" and bequeathed £37 sterling to the church of 
the French Protestant "refugees in this country of Carolina to be 
"used for the construction of a temple or place of assembly for 
"the said Protestant refugees which shall be built at the place 
"most conveniently near and in the vicinity of the said plantation 
"in which the said M'. Mayrant and myself are interested." 

The writer has not been able to locate the plantation on the 
Eastern Branch of the Cooper river in which according to Moze 
Mayrant and himself were jointly interested. He has found 
neither warrant nor grant to either of them of that date for a tract 
of land in that locality. The will shows however that no church 
building had yet been erected and uses the word church 
"Eglise" in the sense of "congregation" not of edifice. 
Curiously enough M''. Thomas Gaillard in the extract from his 
work published by the Huguenot Society says that the will of 
Caesar Moze determines the fact that a congregation of French 
Protestants was in existence in Charleston in 1687 because he be- 
queaths to the church of the French Protestant refugees in Charles- 
ton! £37, whereas the bequest is plainly to the congregation on 
the Eastern Branch of Cooper River. So too the committee of 
that Society in its paper on the French Huguenots of South Carolina 
(prepared it is believed by the late D^ Gabriel E. Manigault) 
referring to the church in the Orange Quarter, says it may be 
inferred from the bequest of Caesar Moze that a house of public 
worship was erected in that quarter about the year 1690 thirteen 
years before the first Episcopal Church at Pompion Hill. But 
the will of Caesar Moze shows only that he made the bequest 
for a church edifice to be built and the amount of the bequest 
£37. is hardly evidence that with it alone any sufficient building 
could be, and of course none that any such actually was, con- 
structed. These forced inferences all proceed from the straining 
that has swayed sectarian writers and pamphleteers to show that 
some particular faith or "church" had precedence in its organiza- 

^ Off: Hist: Com': Will Book, p. 283. 


tion and construction on the soil of Carolina. An amusing illustra- 
tion of this is the "myth" of Michael Loving. 

Michael Loving or Lovering was one of several servants brought 
into the Province by Capt: John Coming in August 1671.^^ Two 
other servants brought over at the same time by Capt: Coming 
were John Chambers and Philip Orrill.^^ These three were on 
the 4*^ June 1672 brought by their Mistress M'^. Affera Coming 
before the Grand Council for disobedience, Philip Orrill in especial 
having threatened to upset the boat in which she was, with other 
threats. After trial the Grand Council ordered Orrill to be tied 
to a tree and to receive 21 lashes on his naked back, and the other 
two admonished under pain of "condigne punishment" to render 
more dutiful obedience to the commands of their mistress.^^ On 
the 3^ March 1681/2 a warrant was issued to lay out to Michael 
Loving a Town lot in Charles Town;^" and this was followed by 
a grant dated 6 March 1681/2 to Michael Lovinge of Town lot 
N° 65.^^ Thereafter on 24 Novr 1684 Michael Lovinge con- 
veyed lot N° 65 to Arthur Middleton, after whose death his widow 
to whom he had devised the lot and who had intermarried with 
Ralph Izard conveyed this lot to James NichoUs "for the use of 
"the Commonality of the French Church in Charles Town. "^^ 
No church building seems to have been built on this lot for some 
years for in 1701 the members of the French Huguenot congrega- 
tion in Charles Town received from the Proprietors the grant of 
two lots N°^ 92 and 93 on which to build a church. The warrant 
for these lots had been issued to J. F. Gignilliat and Stephen 
Douxsaint "for y® building of a Church in behaKe of y® fifrench 
"Protestants of this Province" as early as 9 Deer 1686 but no 
grant was issued until 14 Nov'' 1701 when it was issued to Henry 
Noble and Peter Buretell for the use of the French Protestants 
and the inference from the language of the grant would seem 
that they had as yet no church building constructed in Charleston.^^ 

^'' Printed Warrants, 1672-1679, p. 45. 

38 Ibid. 

'' Printed Journal Grand Council, 1671-1680, p. 33. 

^'^ Printed Warrants, 1680-1692, p. 66. 

41 Grants, vol. 38, p. 60. 

'^ Of: Hist: Com^: Bk. Grants Sales, etc., 1704-1708, p. 250. 

« Ibid, p. 252. 


In 1725 someone compiled a list of the lots in Charles Town 
with the dates of the grants and on the line of lot 65 granted 
March 6*^ 1681 to Mich' Loveing is written in the margin " {h°^. 
ch"^), meaning evidently that that was the lot on which the French 
Church then stood. A complete copy of this list has been pub- 
lished in this Magazine.*"^ The same or some other person seems 
at about the same time to have made the same annotation of 
"ffrench church" on the margin of the record of the grant — prob- 
ably when he examined the record to make his list. 

In 1886 there was published in the Charleston Year Book for 
the year 1885 an account of the Huguenot Church in Charleston 
the authorship of which has always been attributed to the late 
Rev, C. S. Vedder the then minister of that church. 

In this the guess is made that Michael Loving was probably a 
French Huguenot whose true name was "Lovell" and that the 
marginal reference of ''ffrench church" on the record of the grant 
and of "fr* ch"^" on the margin of the list "seems to compel the 
conclusion that "it was given for the sacred purpose to which it 
"appears to have been ever since and is now devoted:" and that 
it is scarcely possible to doubt that the Huguenot Colonists of 
Charleston built their first sanctuary early in the year 1681 on the 
site where the beautiful church of their descendants now stands. 
The mere historian cannot but infer that no French church could 
have been built in 1681 on the lot granted to M". Comings' 
disobedient servant and subsequently owned by Arthur Middleton 
and Ralph Izard both church of England men, and not trans- 
ferred to the French congregation until 1687, in the face also of 
the most plausible inference from the record being that no French 
Huguenot Church Building was constructed in Charleston until 
after 1701. Nevertheless since D^. Vedders history of the church 
his statement has been repeated and referred to as established 
history until it is now perhaps hopeless to attempt to correct it. 
The same straining after priority of church organization appears in 
the account of the New England congregational settlement on 
Ashley River the historians of which have asserted that the commun- 
ion celebrated by those settlers in February 1696 at their first serv- 
ices was the first sacrament of the Lord's Supper ever celebrated 
in Carohna.^^ 

** Vol. IX, p. 16. 

« 5. C. Hist: and Gen: Mag., vol. VI, pp. 66, 69. 


The writer has delved for many years in the records of the 
early settlers of Carolina and gives the following as his conclusion 
on the question of who "built the first church." He admits this 
suggestion is worth only so much as its merit, and logical prob- 
ability will justify, and admits further that any day some more 
careful investigator may unearth some buried record that will 
put his theory to flight. 

When the first settlers came they were more concerned with the 
affairs of protection from the elements and nourishment for the 
body, than with the construction of church buildings. Their 
first religious meetings (in good weather at least) were probably 
in the open, under the shelter of some umbrageous oak as was the 
case at old Dorchester.*^ As soon as they had roofs to shelter 
them their religious meetings were probably at their homes, at 
different houses in succession. 

The English were the first settlers. They had most people and 
most money and more than that they had the reins of government 
and the power of taxation. Every plan of a contemplated town 
had a place designated for the building of a church meaning there- 
by a church of the church of England. Culpepers plan of old 
Charles Town or Albemarle Point designates a place for such a 
church and apparently one was built there probably a humble 
structure of logs in the true original colonial style. At Oyster 
Point, new Charles Town, an early church of St. Philip was built 
where St. Michael now stands. The others, "sects" or "faiths" 
followed the same course. Huguenots, Congregationalists, Baptists, 
Quakers, as soon as they became numerous enough to need, and 
wealthy enough to build, a church building for use, instead of 
using the houses of the members, they did so. Guessing in the 
dark the writer would say the Congregationalists followed close 
after the Church of England, then the Huguenots, then the Baptists 
and then the Quakers. 

So it was with the French settlers at Orange Quarter. They 
probably held services at one of the dwellings of the members of 
the congregation; perhaps at different dwelhngs in turn. 

The only notice of the church at Orange Quarter at all con- 
temporaneous, the writer has found, is that given by D''. Humphrey 
in his account of the Missionaries sent to South Carolina by the 

« Hist: and Gen: Mag: of S. C, vol. VI, p. 69. 


Society for the Propagation of the Gospel in Foreign Parts pub- 
lished in 1730." 

He states that at the time of the division of the country into 
parishes (i.e. 1706) the Orange Quarter was part of St. Thomas' 
Parish. That the major part of the French settlement usually 
met together in a small church of their own where they generally 
made a full congregation when they had a French Minister amongst 
them: that they made application to the Assembly of the Province 
to be made into a parish and to have some public allowance for 
a minister, episcopally ordained, who should use the liturgy of 
the Church of England and preach to them in French. Accord- 
ingly they were incorporated by the name of the Parish of St. 
Denis. That they have now a good church built about the same 
time as the Parish Church of St. Thomas. 

This petition to the Assembly was probably made about 1706 
when the Parish of St. Denis was created. When the small church 
referred to by D''. Humphrey was built is not stated. As the 
only Minister they had had at that time was M"". Le Pierre who 
seems to have been "episcopally ordained" it is possible this small 
church was built for the use of the French congregation about 
the same time as the Chapel at Pompion Hill say 1703. The 
Parish Church of St. Thomas was commenced in 1707 and finished 
in 1708. About the same time a new church building was con- 
structed for the French speaking members of the parish. The 
service was according to the liturgy of the English church, the 
prayer book used being a French translation of the Book of Com- 
mon Prayers and the Minister being one "episcopally ordained." 
This continued until 1768 when there being no longer any occasion 
for a separate French service the use of the church was discontinued. 
The church building was probably of wood. At any rate it has 
so completely disappeared physically and traditionally that it 
was only with great difficulty and after long research that its 
approximate site could be located where it is indicated on the map 
of the plantation in St. Thomas on the Eastern Branch of the 
Cooper River published in the January 1917 number of this 

Why this parish was given the name of St. Denis is matter of 

" CarroU's Hist: CoW^^, vol. 2, p. 538. 


conjecture. Howe states that the name was supposed to com- 
memorate the battle field of St. Denis in the vicinity of Paris 
which was the scene of a memorable encounter in 1567 between the 
Catholic forces commanded by Montmorency and the Huguenots 
led by Admiral Coligny and the Prince of Conde, in which Mont- 
morency was slain. His conjecture is again repeated by Shipp 
and McCrady but it is scarcely plausible. The encoimter at St. 
Denis was really only a small incident which terminated to the 
disadvantage of the Huguenots although Montmorency received 
the wound of which he died. 

If they had desired to record a victory for their arms they would 
most naturally have turned to the battle of Ivry. 

The Presbyterians and French Huguenots do not seem to have 
given the names of Saints to their churches. The name of St. 
Denis was probably conferred by the Church of England Assembly 
to whom the application had been made and who created the 
Parish. The patron Saint of France was St. Denis and in giving 
a Saint's name to a French parish it was not unnatural to select 
his name. It is a case however of pure conjecture. 

The number of French settlers in the Parish of St. Thomas 
including St. Denis as a whole was much less than the number of 
English settlers. The list of early grantees shows a great pre- 
ponderance of English, the latter being well sandwiched in, even 
on the waters of the French Quarter Creek. In fact the entire 
French settlement in South Carolina bore numerically a very 
small proportion to the entire population. They settled to any 
extent in but four places outside of Charles Town. A very small 
settlement at the head of Goose Creek; a small settlement on and 
near Biggon Swamp in St. John's Berkley; the settlement at Orange 
Quarter, another settlement on the Santee in the neighborhood of 
French Jamestown. The entire number of French persons in 
the Province in March 1698-1699 as given by Peter Girard a 
merchant in Charles Town and himself a French immigrant was 
438.^^ The entire white population at the same period is estimated 
at 5500.^* Not an estimate based on any satisfactory data. 
If correct however the French settlers then formed less than ten 
per cent of the total white population. After that date the 

" Rivers' Hist: Sketch of S. C, p. 447. 

** McCrady, S. C. under the Proprietary Government, pp. 338, 722. 


French accessions were apparently proportionately few while the 
flood of EngUsh immigration flowed on increasingly. The parts 
of the country occupied by the French were substantially limited 
to a part of St. James Santee — that part known as French Santee — 
a small part of the Parish of St. Thomas a very small settlement 
on St. James Goose Creek and a small settlement in St. John's 
Berkley, and their occupation as a rule continued to be re- 
stricted to those locahties although a few individuals went 
elsewhere in the other parishes. The other low country parishes 
covering the great bulk of the low country viz. All Saints on 
Waccamaw, Prince Fredericks, Prince George's, St. Stephens, 
Christ Church, St. James Goose Creek, St. George Dorchester, 
St. Andrews, St. John's Colleton, St. Pauls, St. Bartholomew, and 
all of Beaufort (then Granville) County were almost exclusively 
EngHsh with also the larger portion of St. James Santee, St. 
Johns Berkley and St. Thomas. Allowing for all subsequent inter- 
marriages and female descents it would seem impossible to estimate 
the French element in the population of the sea coast counties 
of South Carolina at more than one or two per cent of the whole. 
This necessarily is very largely conjectural. In the remainder of 
the state say in two thirds of its area the French element is prac- 
tically nil. The small settlement at New Bordeaux in Abbeville 
County being too small to be noticeable. So far as the settlement 
at the Orange Quarter is concerned it has disappeared: the 
writer knows of not a single tract of land now held there by any 
one having a French name. 

The small holdings of the first French settlers at Orange Quarter 
proper, were comparatively soon absorbed in the larger estates 
but even as regards the large tracts along the Eastern Branch of 
the Cooper River and adjacent thereto which were held by the 
Hugers, the Manigaults, the Bonneaus, the Lesesnes, the Laurens, 
but one small plantation, Campvere, is now owned by the bearer 
of a French name or even a descendant of the former owners, 
unless M"". Elias Cumbee the present owner of the North Hampton 
plantation be a descendant of Philip Combe one of the French 
settlers. They retained their "grip" so to say along the Eastern 
Branch of Cooper River until the war of 1860-1865 but that 
cataclysm was as destructive in its results in St. Thomas and on 
the Eastern Branch of Cooper as elsewhere in the low country 
and perhaps from several causes more completely so. 


Copied by Mabel L. Webber 
{Continued from April Number) 


Oliver Spencer Sone of Joseph Spencer & Sarah his wife was borne 

Sept': y«: 2: 1724 & was baptiz'i Octob' y« 2: 1724. 
Joseph Spencer Sone of Joseph Spencer & Sarah his wife was born 

Octob' y« 4: 1726. 
Benjamin Stocks Sone of Jonathan Stocks & Eleanor his wife 

was born Decern"- y« 12*^: 1726 & was Baptiz^ July y« 2^ 1727. 
Matlon Laverick Daugh' of John Laverick & Ann his wife was 

born Octo' y* 27*^: 1727. 
Joseph Joy Sone of Benj'' Joy & Elizabeth his wife was born 

Oct' y« W^ 1127 & was baptiz'i Decern' 25: 1727. 
Cato Ash Sone of Sam^ Ash & Catherine his wife was born Nov'' 

22: 1727 & was baptized Decern' y« 30: 1727. 
John Bennet Sone of Tho^ Bennet & Ann his wife was born Jan^: 

y« 2^: 1727/8 & was Baptiz^ y« 11*^ of Feb: 1727/8. 
Richard Rousar Son of Richard Rousar & Susanna his wife was 

born Feby y«: 7*^': 1727/8 & was Baptiz^^ Mar^^ y« lO**': 1727/8. 
Elizabeth Spencer y^ Daugh' of Oliver Spencer & Rebeccker his 

wife was born Jan^ y^: 27*'^ 1727/8 & was Baptiz^ Mari^ f 10*^^: 

Jn° Legitimate Son of Jn° Metheringham & Mary his wife was 

born June ye 19: 1728. 
Mary Morane of John Morane & Elizabeth his wife was born 

May y« 5*^: 1727 & was baptized June y« 4**^: 1727. 
James the Son of John Evens & Matloung his wife was born 

Janu^: y« 8: 1726/7 & was baptiz^: July y« 9: 1727. 
Ann Crib of Tho^: & Eliz*'^ Crib his wife was born June y 2^\ 

1727 & Baptzd July y« 16**^: 1727. 
Susanna Benett of John Benett & Mary his wife was born May 

the 26*1^ 1726 & was baptiz: Aug*: y« 6*^^ 1727. 
Joseph Franklen y^ Sun of Joseph Franklen & Sarah his wife was 

born Apri y« 30*^: 1727 & was baptiz<^ Sept' y« 3^: 1727. 



Mary Rouser y^ Daughter of Richard Rouser & Susanna his wife 

was born Octo'^"^ -f 4^^ 1725: & was baptiz'^ Apr^ y« 10**^ 1727. 
Will"" Benison y* Sone of George Benison & Eliz** his wife was 

born August y« 17: 1727 & was bapt. Octo' y^ 15: 1727. 
Robart Benison y Sone of George Benison & Eliz*^ his wife was 

born Aug* y 17: 1727 & was Baptiz<^ Ocf^ y 15: 1727. 
Dennis Moraine y^ Sone of Dennis Moraine & Ehz^ his wife was 

born & was Baptiz'* Octo"- y 29: 1727. 

Henry Cornish y® Son of Henry Cornis & Jean his wife was born 

May y 16**^: 1726 & was Bapt^ Octo^ 29: 1727. 
Roger Gough & was Baptized Mar** 

r 10*^ 1727/8. 
Ann Hartley y^ Daughter of James Hartley & Mary his wife was 

born Nov y 6*^ 1727 & 
George Cook y* Sone of Wil™ Cook & Elizabeth was born Jan'' y« 

8*1^: 1726/7 and was baptized Apr^ y^ 7*'^ 1728. 
Will™ Boone y^ Sone of Tho^ Boone Esq. & Mary his wife was born 

Apr^ y 12*1^ 1728 & was Baptiz'^ y Sa^ Apr^ y W^ 1728. 
Susanna Mary Bonell y^ Daugh' of John Bonell & Honorah his 

wife was born Apr^ y« 11*^ 1728 & was baptiz^^ June y 2: 1728. 
Thomas Brown Sone of Tho^ Brown & Elizabeth his wife was 

born Nov"^ y: 12*^^: 1726. 
Phillip Jones y*' Sone of Phillip Jones & Rebecca his wife was 

born March y 12*1^: 1728 & was Baptiz"^ Apr' /= 21«*: 1728. 
Elizabeth Cornish y^ Daughter of Henry Cornish & Jean his wife 

was born Decem'' y 28*^ 1724. 
Robart White Sone of John White & Sarah his wife was born 

Octo' y 22: 1728. 
Benjamin Law Sone of Benjamin Law & Elizabeth his wife was 

born Octo-- y 22**^: 1728 & was Baptiz'^ Decem' y 22: 1728. 
Wil"^ Spencer Sone of Joseph Spencer & Sarah his wife was born 

Nov y 19*^ 1728 & was Baptz^ Jan^ y 29*'^ 1728/9. 
Ann Grigary Daughter of Thomas Grigary & Mary his wife 

born December y« 25*^, 1728 & was Baptiz. Jan^ 29*'^ 1728/9. 
Ann Wilks Daughter of Joshua Wilks & Jona his wife was born 

Nov' y 6*^ 1728 & was Baptiz-^ Feb^ y 9^^ 1729. 
Ann Brown Daughter of Tho' Brown & Eliz: his wife was born 

Nov y 3: 1728. 
Priscilla Cook Daughter of Wil™ Cook & Eliz* his wife was born 

Decem' y IS^^: 1728 & was Baptized Febu^ y 9'^ 1728/9. 


Mary Joy Daughter of Moses Joy & Mary his wife was born 

Feby ye 24^^: 728 & was Baptiz^ Apr^ y« 27; 1729. 
Benjamin Bates Sone of Isaac Bates & Sarah his wife was born 

Feby ye 5*^ 1728/9 & was Baptiz^ Apr^ y^ 27*'^: 1729. 
John Logan Sone of George Logan & Martha his wife was born 

April ye 15*^ 1729 & was Baptiz^^ June y^ 8*^: 1729. 
Mary Capers Daughter of Tho: Capers & Mary his wife was 

Baptiz^ June y^ 8*^: 1729. 
John Benet Sone of John Benet & Mary his wife was born March 

ye nth 1728/9 & was Baptiz^^ July ye 20*^ 1729. 
Will""^ Evens Sone of John Evens & Matloung his wife was born 

May ye; 22: 1729 & was Baptiz^ July ye 20*^^ 1729. 
John Ma^Dowel Sone of Arch"^ Ma^Dowel & Mary his wife was born 

Aug* ye 18: 1728. 
Eliphilet, Sone of Jonathan Stocks & Lienor his wife was born 

Aug* 7: 1729 & was Baptiz^ Oct^: y^ 12: 1729. 
Jean Benison Daughter of George Benison & Elizabeth his wife 

was born July 13*'^: 1729 & was Baptiz'i Octo'' ye 12: 1729. 
Oliver Spencer Sone of Oliver Spencer & Rebecca his wife was 

born Septem' ye 14**^ 1729 & was Baptiz'i Oct' ye: 12: 1729. 
Sarah the Daughter of Hugh & Sarah Hext was born September 

18th. 1724 & Baptized October ye 18*: 1724.^ 
John Ford was born Ocf ye 6*^ 1710 about Seven oClock in the 

Evening on Friday. 
Sarah Ford was born December 26*^ 1712 at 3 oClock in the Morning 

on Tuesday. 
James Ford was born August 9*^ 1715 at 11 oClock in the Morning. 
Mary Ford was born May 23'"'^ 1721 about 8 oClock in the Morning 

upon Tuesday & died November ye 7*^^ 1722. 
Joseph Ford was born October IS*'' 1724 on Wednesday 11 oClock 

at Night. 
Elizabeth Cornish was born December 28*'^ 1724 & Baptized the 

28*1^ March. 
John the Son of Alexander Parris Junior & Elizabeth his wife 

was born on Friday the ll*'' December about 6 oClock at Night 

Thomas Son of Thomas & Ann Barton was born August 21, 1702. 

^ There seems to be a page missing from the old register just here, and Mr. 
Cheves' copy will be followed for the missing names. 


Joseph Son of Jonathan & Elizabeth Wheilden was born December 
20, 1724. 

Elizabeth Daughter of Jonathan & Elizabeth Wheilden was born 
March 20*^^ 1726. 

Elisha Son of Jonathan & Elizabeth Wheilden was born December 
30'^ 1729. 

Susannah daughter of Jonathan & Elizabeth Wheilden was born 
December 21, 1733. 

John Son of Charvile Wingood & Mary his wife was born No- 
vember 15*^, 1734 & was baptized the 20*^ of April 1735 by the 
Rev. Mr. Morrett. 

George Son of Andrew & Elizabeth Quelch was born June 8^^ 1732 

Benjamin, Son of Andrew & Elizabeth Quelch was born the 23*^ 
day of December 1734 & Baptized 10: Feb — 

Mary the daughter of Garritt Fitzgerald & Martha his wife was 
born February the 5th 1734. 

Charlotte the Daughter of Stephen & Elizabeth Hartley was 
born on Wednesday the 17th December 1735 about | hour after 
2 P.M. was baptized 22^^ February by the Rev'^ M'' Dwight & 
by mistake gave y« s^ Charlotte's birth to the s*^ Dwight. Born 
21 day of the afore said Month. 

Mathies daughter of John & Mary Bennett was born January 
IV^. 1733&baptized February 7*^^: 1735 by the Rev*^. M'. Fulton. 

John Baley Son of John & Maudhn Evans was born August 25***. 

1735 & baptized March 14*^. 1735/6. 

Mary, Daughter of Jon*: and Eliz*: Weilden was born the 5*^. 
Oct'. 1736 and Baptized.^ 

Moses; Son of W"*. and Mary Bollough was bom 26*^. Aug*. 1732 
and Baptized — 

Katherine Daughter of W™. and Mary Boulough was born 30 
August 1735 & Baptized. Marmiduke Son of W™. & Mary Bol- 
lough was born 7*^. June Anno Domini 1738 & Baptized. 

Ehzabeth Daughter of Jon*. & Elizabeth Murrale was Bom S^. 
day of May 1727 & baptized. 

Anthony Son of Joh*: & EHz*^: Murrale was born on the 7*. Jan^. 
1730 & Baptized. 

Susannah Daughter of Jon*:& Eliza*'' : Murrale was born on the 
9 Sept': 1732 & Baptized. 

2 From here the old register is followed. 


Sarah Daughter of John*. & Elizabeth Murrale was born the 

9 Sept': 1734 & Baptized. 
W". Son of Jon*. & Eliz*"^. Murrale was born on the 5*^. day of 

January 1736 & Baptized. 
Mary Daughter of Jon*. & Eliz*^. Murrale was born 19*^. March 

1738 & Baptized. 
Son of Jon*: &Eliz*^: Murrale was born S*'^. November 1739 

& Baptized. 
John Son of Stephen & Lydia Dubose was born on the 13*^. June 

1738 & Baptized per M'. Morritt. 

Sarah Daughter of William & Sarah BoUough Jun'. was born 

27*\ April 1738 & Baptized. 
Judith Daughter of Anthony & Judith Varvele was born March 

29: 1740 & Baptized. 
Sarah Daughter of David & Lydia Bachelor was born 27*^: De- 
cember 1738 & Baptized. 
Elizabeth Daughter of William & Rebecca Young was born the 

6*^. Oct^ 1734 & BapUzed. 
Rebecca Daughter of William & Rebecca Young was born 28 

April 1736 & Baptized. 
William Son of William & Rebecca Young was born on Tuesday 

the W^. Feb^. 1738 & Baptized. 
Andrew Son of William & Rebecca Young was born on the 29*''. 

Sept^ 1739 & Baptized. 
John of John & Sarah HoUybush was born on the 29*^^. Sept"". 

1739 & Baptized. 

Elizabeth of John & Sarah Hartman was born on the 17*''. February 

1739 & Baptized. 
Rachael Daughter of John & Mary Honor Evanes Jun"". was born 

22^. Jan. 1739. 
Jeremiah Son of James & Jane Eden Jun''. was born 5**' : September 

1739 & Baptized. 
Rob*. Son of George & Mary Oliver was born on the 6*''. day of 

February 1739. 
Joseph Son of Cap*. Sam^ Wigfall Dyed 26 August 173 — 
Katharine Daugh*^ of Ditto Dyed 21 Sep*. 173— 
Jacob Son of John & — Bonoste was born 2^. November 1722 

& Baptized. 


Jonah Son of John & — Bonoste was born 22"^. June 1725 & 

Nathaniel of John & — Bonoste was born 18*^: March 1728 & 

Sarah^ the Daughter of Hugh Hext & Sarah was born y^ 18: 

September 1724. 
Robert the Son of John & Mary Metheringham was born February 

10*^, 1735 & Baptized March ye 14*. ensuing by the Reverend 

M''. Commissary Garden.^ 
John Son of WilHam & Mary Joy was Born August y^ 13*''. A.D. 

1735. Baptized March y« U^^^.A.D. 1735/6 by M'. Commissary 

Mary the Daughter of Elias Foissin Junior & Mary his wife was 

born January 16*''. 1735/6. 
Joseph Son of Joseph & Marian Maybank was born December 

y« 19**^. 1735 & Baptized May y« 2^, 1736 by the Rev^. Mr. Lesley. 
Stephen Son of William & Elisabeth Cook was born July 14*^: 

1735 & Baptized May 2^. 1736 by the ReV*. Mr. Lesley. 
Martha the Daughter of Oliver & Rebecca Spencer was born 

April 13*''."1736. Baptized July U*''. 1736 by theRev^^. Mr. Hasell. 
John Son of John & Ann Severance was born March 31"*. A.D. 

1736. Baptized August 1"*. 1736 by the Rev^. M^ Dwight. 
Anne the Daughter of Charvil & Mary Wingood was born June 

23*1. 1735 Baptized August y« 8*^. 1736 by the Re v'^. M^ Dwight. 
Charvil Wingood Son of Charvil & Mary Wingood was born 

January 6*''. 1732. 
Mary Baker Daughter of John Baker & Sarah his wife was born 

Sept^ y« 17*''. 173— 
Sarah Law Daughter of Benj". Law & Sarah his wife was born 

Nov. y« 18*''. 173— 
Capers Boone Son of Tho". Boone & Mary his wife was born Aug*. 

y« 23: 1732 & was Baptiz'^. Dec^ y« 27*'': 1732.5 

3 She married, December 25, 1738, Dr. John Rutledge (d. 1750) and be- 
came the mother of Gov. John Rutledge, Gov. Edward Rutledge, Andrew, 
Thomas, Hugh, Sarah and Mary; of these, John, Hugh, Mary and Edward left 
descendants. Sarah, the widow of Hugh Hext married Hon. Andrew Rutledge, 
brother to Dr. John. 

* The next nine entries are taken from Mr. Cheves' copy; they seem to be 
missing from the old register. 

^ Erased in the old register. 


Frances Logan Daughter of George Logan & Martha his wife 

was born Oct'.y* 15*^: 1731 & was baptiz^. Dec'.y«28*. 1731. 
Mary Spencer Daughter of Joseph Spencer & Sarah his wife was 

born Oct^ y 16*^: 1732. 
Elizabeth White Daughter of Will"*. White & Elizabeth his wife 

was born Apr^ y« 30**^. 1730. 
Sarah Hartley Daughter of James Hartley & Mary his wife was 

born Sept'. W^. 1730. 
Philip Jones Son of Tho». Jones & Mary his wife was born Dec'. 

r 23: 1730. 
Mary Ash Daughter of Sam'. Ash & Elizabeth his wife was born 

Nov', r 20**^. 1732. 
Mary Cook Daugh'. of Will"'. Cook & Ehzabeth his wife was born 

May r 8*1^. 1732. 
John Murrel Son of Will"". Murrel & Hannah his wife was Baptiz'^. 

Feby. y« 22: 1731/2. 
Elizabeth Capers Daugh'. of Richard Capers & Ann his wife was 

born Oct'. y«: 3"^: 1731. 
Will"* : Capers Son of Richard Capers & Anne his wife was born 

Nov', r 26: 1732. 
Ann the Daughter of John Morall and Martha his wife was Born 

Decb': 18*^^. 1727/8. 
Samuell the Sone of John Morall & Martha his wife was Born 

Jany. 7th. 1730/1. 
Sam" : & Anne y* Sone & Daughter of John Morall & Martha his 

wife was Baptiz^. May 20*^. 1733. 
Mary Jones Daughter of Thomas and Mary Jones Born Aprill 

the 21"*: in the year 1733. 

(To be Continued) 


Annotated by Joseph W. Barnwell 
{Continued from the April Number) 

Cheraws Jan'y 24. 1781/1) 
Gent. — 

Inclosed, you'll receive an Acco* of the late Action, between 
Col, Tarlton & the brave Gen^. Morgan, in which, the former 
was totally defeated — ^The Gen^ will send a more circumstantial 
one, & the Bearer, Major GileSj^who was in the engagem*., will 
give you any particulars, which I may, in Haste, have omitted — 
I hope this fortunate Affair will produce some good Effects, but, 
our Friends must not be too sanguine, & conclude that We have, 
now, no Need of Assistance — Certainly this is a very handsome 
Check, but, nothing decisive — we have still many to fight, & 
great difi&culties to encounter — ^This Country must be recovered, 
(if ever it is regained) Inch by Inch — ^The Enemy's pride will 
prevent their yeilding it, in any other Manner — Their Interest w*^. 
also hinder them, for they have experienced, & know fuU well, 
its value — I am persuaded, that Lord Cornwallis will, immediately, 
call hither, the Troops which are in Virginia^ but, what Succom' 
We may have, from that State, to oppose them, is uncertain — 
probably very trifling — I am convinced, that the Enemy will 
not abandon the Country, & retreat to Charles-Town, untill it 

^ This letter marks a distinct period in the War in South Carolina, the period 
after the Battle of Cowpens. The tone of this and subsequent letters is never 
again gloomy almost to the point of despair. The overwhelming defeat of 
Tarleton, the most distinguished British cavalry leader in America, in a pitched 
battle, the presence of troops from other states and of ofl&cers like Morgan and 
Lee, and more than all, the master mind and hand of General Greene gave hope 
and confidence to the Carolinians and their gallant leaders, proportionately 
depressed the British and was reflected in the Governor's letters. 

2 Edward Giles of Maryland, Major and Aide to Morgan; Brevet Major 
Continental Army 9th March 1781 for services at Battle of Cowpens, Aide to 
Smallwood to the end of the War. 

3 So evident was it to CornwaUis that he needed reinforcements, that he had 
even before Cowpens called for the troops from Virginia, and they had arrived 
in Charleston, and some of them under Leslie were already at Camden. 




is, or about to be, besieged — nor, will they quit the Town, untill 
they can hold it no longer* — they are building a large, strong, 
Fort, at Hampstead, 2 Redoubts, one on each Side of the main 
Road, to be commanded by the Fort, & a Fort on Hangman's 
Point — To give the finishing Stroke to the Business, We must 
have considerable Support, both naval & military, from our Ally — 
Pray use your utmost Influence & Endeavours to obtain it speedily 
— why do the French Fleet 6° Army remain at Rhode Island? 
What is become of the second Division? I wish a Minister had 
been sent to France, last November or October — I can*, account 
for such Cond". & delays — & fear much, that this Year will pass 
away as the last did, with*, any Thing of Consequence being done 
by us — I rec**; on Saturday last, your Letters of Dec''. 20 & 24*''. 
& observe what you mention, ab*. a Proclamation, but, I w^. have 
any which it might be proper to issue, carried into Effect, & the 
Time for so doing is not yet quite arrived — you will receive, by 
this opportunity. Copies of the Letters which have passed between 
Gen^ Green & Lord Cornwallis — I can*, see any material difference 
between the Letter which We charged him with writing to Bal- 
four^, & what he acknowledges writing to Cruger — & if his Copy 
is genuine, the differences between that & our Copy are probably 
only clerical Errors, without design, for they certainly do not 
vary the Sense — I think his Lordship avows sufficient to establish 
his Character to be very different from what Sir H. Clinton declares 
it to be — However, pray have the Letters published, by order of 
Congress — his Lordship's Letters to Smallwood^ & Gen'. Green 
are so open to Comments, that, without doubt, they will not 
escape many striking ones — I wish you w''. send on Cloathing 
for the Troops now here as soon as possible, — & a Quantity of 
spare cloaths, w*'''. would, perhaps, procure Recruits — it is useless 

* They held it until December 14, 1782, almost up to the date of the signing 
of peace. 

*The letter of Cornwallis to Balfour is published in Spark's Washington 
(Vol. VII, p. 555), and that to Cruger in The Cornwallis Correspondence (Vol. 
I, p. 56). 

* William Smallwood, of Maryland, often mentioned in these letters; Brigadier 
General Continental Army, October 23, 1776; Major General North Carolina 
September 15, 1780; thanked by Congress for conduct at Battle of Camden, 
fought August 16, 1780; actively in command in North and South Carolina 
during the whole War; died February 14, 1792. 


to send Men, naked, into the Field, many present are literally so, 
& consequently, unfit for any service — I have no Expectation, 
that the Garrison of Charles Town, (the Citizens at least, & par- 
ticularly such as have been sent to S*. Augustine,) will be relieved 
by any Exchange here — I am told by good authority, that Lord 
C. has declared he will not exchange 'em — you will, therefore, 
endeavour to effect an exchange, through the Negotiations between 
Gen'. Washington & Clinton — tho' the prospect of that's terminat- 
ing appears very distant, — Especially if it is to depend on the settle- 
ments of the Accounts for Prisoners on both sides — This wilF 
. . . . delay — If both parties are in Earnest, the Exchange 
need not be delayed, till a Settlement of Accounts, (for the delay 
will only add to the expense) but. Hostages might be given, to 
secure payment, of whatever, Ballance Commis" to be now appoint- 
ed sh'^, liquidate — you will attend to, (& press this Matter,) & 
also to having our Prisoners, in C: Town, well supplied during 
their Captivity, if a release from it cannot be soon effected — sh*. 
Overtures for Peace be made (of w*^. I confess I have no Idea, in 
any short Time,) I assure myself, that the proposition of uti 
possidetis will be absolutely rejected, without a Moments Con- 
sideration * * * * — 

Hillsboro. Feby— 10*. 1781. 
Gent. — 

on the P* Ins*,, Lord Cornwallis crossed the Catawba, at Mc- 
Gowen's^ Ford, & our Troops, under Gen^ Morgan, retreated to 
& crossed, the Yadkin, at the Ford at w''^. the Enemy arrived, 
the next Evening — fortunately, the River was so high that they 
could not cross it — our Troops which were at Cheraws, by forced 
Marches, & after great Fatigue, (sev^ w*^. naked bleeding Feet, 
on stony Ground), effected a Junction, in the Evening of the 
7th., w*'*. the other Cont'«. at Guilford Coujt-House ab*. 45 Miles 
from hence — where our Army was. Yesterday Morning, & I 
imagine they are still there — the Enemy lay, the night before last, 
at the shallow-ford on the Yadkin, ab*. 40 Miles from our Army — 

^ The bottom of the page of the original letter has been cut off, probably to 
obtain the signature of Governor Rutledge, which was on the other side of the 
sheet. A few words only are missing at this place and the signature at the end. 

* Cowan 's Ford. 


Gen^ Davidson® was killed on the Catawba — Sumpter is not well 
enough to take the field — Pickens has some militia, & is endeavour- 
ing to assemble more, in the Enemy's Rear — but, our Situation 
is truly critical, for, our Army is not strong enough to fight the 
Enemy's &, perhaps, they may not be able to avoid an action — 
should they be beaten the Consequence will be fatal — sh^. they re- 
treat & give up the Country, it may be difi&cult to recover what 
We hold, at present^" — I am, however, satisfied that the Gen^ will 
take the wisest part — but, what that wiU be. Circumstances must 
determine — our present prospect is however gloomy — it is reported, 
that the Pennsylv*. Line are on their March to the Southw*^. — 
w^. to God they were now here — The Face of affairs w*^. soon 
change — I wish they may not come too late — The Legislature of 
this State did not meet, till ab*. the 26*'^. ult°. — They are preparing 
a Bill to raise their quota of Continental Troops, for 20 Months, 
by draught, (if necessary,) ab*. the Middle of March — such a 
Meas®. sh^. have been adopted last Sep"". — ab*. a Fortnight ago. 
Col. Lee surprised Geo: Town, took the Comd*. Lieu*. Col. 
Campbell, killed Major Irvin, & took sev^ Pris". — young Conyers 
a Brother of the Cap*, lately, wth. 16 of our Militia, took 46 
British Pris"., on the W. Side of San tee, w*^. a considerable N**. 
of Waggons & Horses, & a large Quantity of salt, & other Stores — 
He destroyed what he c*^. not bring off, & has conveyed his Pris"., 
in safety, to the Ew^. of Pedee — Marion, by the last Acco*' from 
him, was at or near Dorchester — He is destroying the Enemy's 
stores, down the Country, & breaking up their Quarters, in differ- 
ent places — this may have some good Effect & convince his Lord- 
ship that whilst he is making new Conquests, he is losing the old 
— C: burnt a gr*. N°. of his Waggons, & had prepared for a most 

' William Lee Davidson of North Carolina, Brigadier General January 9, 
1779; killed at Cowan's Ford February 1, 1781, resisting the passage of Corn- 
wallis' Army. It is maintained in North Carolina that it was not the rising 
of the Catawba but the skillful distribution of Davidson 's forces which delayed 
the crossing of his Lordship (Schenk's North Carolina, p. 240). 

1° Fortunately the Battle of Guilford Court House in North CaroUna, 
March 15, 1781, although a technical defeat of General Greene by CornwaUis, 
resulted in the latter 's retreat and the return of General Greene to South 
Carolina with most favorable results. Rutledge's well founded confidence in 
General Greene, expressed here, remained to the end, and General Greene 
leciprocated it, expressing the highest opinion of him. 


rapid March, but, a heavy Rain swelled the River, & checked his 
Progress — ^Ab*. 12 days ago, three or 400 British Troops took 
possession of Wilmington — 6 of the Town's People left it, the 
rest rec"^. the Enemy wth. 3 Huzzas — I refer you to the Genu's 
dispatches to Congress, for further particulars — the express being 
anxious to proceed, I will not detain him longer, than to press 
my repeated recommendations, that you will exert yourselves with 
unremitted attemp**. to procure speedy, & effectual aid for the 
Compleat Recovery of the Southern States, I am wth. great 
Esteem Gent. yr. most obed*. Ser*. J: Rutledge 
The Deleg. of S°. Carolina. 

Camp on Haw River 

March 8. 1781 
Gent. — 

Since my last to you from Hillsbor", I have rec^. several of your 
favours, but will say nothing, on the subject of 'em, at present, 
as I pvu-pose to set off, the day after To Morrow," for Philad*. 
having made the necessary military Arrangem*'. for S°. Carolina, 
not seeing the prospect of getting into that Country, being unable 
in the present Circumstances of affairs to render any service to 
it, by staying here, &, the Gen^ thinking I may, perhaps by going 
Northwardly, I have determined to comply w*^. his Wishes — & 
shall be happy if I can effect them — But, my Journey will be 
very tedious, for I must supply myself, with some Horses on the 
Road, (my own being worn down) & I shall call on the Governors 
of N°. Carolina, Virginia, & Maryland, in my way, to represent 
the Situation of Matters, w*^. I believe is very differ*, from what 
People think 'em — However, I am persuaded, that if Congress & 
France are disposed to extricate the Southern States, from their 
present distress, they soon may — I hope to find such a disposition 
— our Army recrossed the Dan this day Fortnight, & have been 
sv'. days, & now are, within twelve Miles of Cornwallis's, but we 

" This was the second visit of the Governor to the North. He was there 
after the fall of Charleston and the destruction of Buford's force on May 29, 
1780. He returned and was in North Carohna certainly just after the defeat 
of Gates. The letter shows that the second visit of the Governor to Philadelphia 
was in consequence of the wish of General Greene, although the letter quoted 
by General McCrady (Vol. 1780-83, p. 139) from the Governor to Sumter 
does not mention this as one of the reasons for his visit. 


shall move presently — Nothing, of any Consequence, has happen 'd 
between the two Armies — 

I am with great Esteem 

Gent. yr. most obed*. Ser*. 

J: Rutledge 

I hope the Pennsylvania Line are far avanced, on their March 
to join the Southern Army. 

High Hills of Santee 
August 6. 1781 
Gent. — 

This will be delivered by CoP. Thomson^^ to whom I refer you, 
for a full Ace*. — of matters this Way^^ — I have issued Commissions 
of the Peace, & qualified some Magistrates, for each district — 
I have also circulated a Proclamation ag"*. plundering, which has 
prevailed to a great-degree & I am in hopes We shall put an 
immediate Stop to it — I wd. have issued special Commissions of 
Oyer & Terminer, to hold Courts in the several Districts, but, 
for want of the Judges & Attorney Gen'., Business could not be 
conducted, as well as I w"*. wish to have it — I have wrote by this 
opportunity requesting 'em to come on, immediately, & shall 
postpone issuing the Commissions, untill their Arrival, unless 
they make a longer Stay than I hope they will, in which case I 
must make Temporary Appointments to these offices, but, this, 
I hope they will render unnecessary, by coming soon — I think 
the Circumstances of the State admit of electing a Legislature, 
but, as it w*'. be ungenerous to exclude our worthy Friends lately 
Prisoners in St. Angus®. & C: Town, from a Share in the Legis- 

^ Col. William Thomson (probably) who commanded at the east end of 
Sullivans Island during the attack on Fort Moultrie; Colonel of the 3rd Regiment 
Continental Establishment, and after his resignation Colonel of State Militia 
(This Magazine, Vol. 3, page 102). 

" Governor Rutledge had left Greene's Army in March, 1781, on his second 
trip to Philadelphia and set out on his return to South Carolina June 28, 1781. 
After an illness in July he arrived at Greene 's headquarters shortly before the 
date of this letter. During his absence the Battle of Guilford Court House 
had been fought, the Battle of Hobkirk Hill with Rawdon April 25, 1781, and 
no enemy's posts remained North of Orangeburg. The time had arrived to 
restore civil government and the Governor was actively entering upon this work. 


lature, (V^ might probably be the Case if one was immediately 
called,) & injurious to the publick, to deprive it of their Abilities 
& Services,^^ I have determined to postpone issuing Writs of elec- 
tion, for awhile, & untill they, or most of 'em, arrive— However, 
several Laws are absolutely necessary, & the having the Legis- 
lative, as well as the Executive & Judicial, Authority operating, 
in its full & proper extent, throughout the State, w^. have a great 
Efifect, on our Affairs particularly abroad — I therefore wish most 
anxiously, to have an Assembly elected, & sitting, as soon as pos- 
sible — You will be pleased to press the Gentlemen of the Council, 
& such other Gent:, with you, as were membersof the last Assembly, 
or are of weight & Influence in the Country, to come hither, with 
the utmost Expedition — I imagine the Gent: of the Council 
have already set out, & therefore I do not write to them — How- 
ever you will communicate this Matter to 'em, if still with you, 
& to such other Gent, as are at, or near Philadelphia — Pray have 
'em accomodated, with what may be necessary for bringing 'em 
on — any Expense, on that Score, shall be speedily reimbursed, 
by Means of Indigo which I hope to be able to send soon to Phila- 
delphia — We are in very great Want of Arms — I request there- 
fore that you will not fail to procure, & send on, (if they are not 
already sent,) the Arms and other Articles ab*. w*=^. I wrote to you 
by Phil: Will, the day I left Philad*.— & pray forward the Cloath- 
ing wch. Gillon may bring, as soon as possible, & inform me, 
what other Articles his Cargo consists of — I request to hear from 
you, by every opportunity, & to receive the earliest Intelligence, 
of all material occurences, particularly European — 
I am with great Regard 

Gent. yr. most obed*. Ser*. 

J: Rutledge 
P. S. be pleased to send me 4 or 5 Setts of the Articles of Con- 
federation, Treaties w*^. France, Constitutions etc, w***" are bound 
up together in a Volume. 

The Delegates of So. Carolina 

Congaree, Mrs. Mottes, Septem'' 7*'". 1781 
Gentlemen — 
I request that you will send as soon as posible, either by Express 

^* The aid of these patriotic citizens was certainly made use of when the 
Legislature finally assembled at Jacksonboro in January, 1782. 


to the Marquis de la Fayette, with a request that he would for- 
ward them to me, with the utmost Expedition, or, by Express 
directly to me, all the Resolutions of Congress which it may be 
necessary to lay before the Legislature — probably they may not 
arrive by the Time one may be convened, but, they may come 
before it adjourns — at any rate: However, send them as quickly 
as you can — I dont recollect any which will be wanted, except the 
Resolve recommending the States to empower Congress to lay a 
Duty of five pr. Cent on all Imports, but there may be others which 
require the Legislature's deUberation — you will send all such — 
also the Act of Assembly passed by Pennsylvania in consequence 
of the Recommendation of Congress about the five p Cent Duty — 
Be pleased to send, likewise, all the News Papers from the time I 
left Philadelphia (28*^ June) to the time of the Express coming 
away, & continue to forward the papers, regularly, by every 
opportunity — During my late Illness, all those which you sent, 
to the 28th July, were carried away by Visitors — I know not by 
whom, — We must look to the Pennsylvania Gazettes, as the Foun- 
tain of Intelligence and the Ground Work of those which We 
shall, I hope, soon put forth — Walsh is gone Northwardly, but 
I have heard of an other Printer at George Town, to whom I 
have sent — If we can get him, the Press shall be put to work im- 
mediately. Col. Motte will have our Military News from Mr. 

I am Gent. yr. most obed*. Ser*. 

J; Rutledge 
The Delegates of S°. Carolina. 

Mrs. Motte's Congaree Sep. 9. 1781 
Gent. — 

As reports will, probably, give you before, or about, the Time, 
this may get to Hand, a confused, &, perhaps, a false. Account of 
the Battle which was fought, yesterday, at Eutaw, between Gen^ 
Greene, & the British Army, under Col° Stuart, to prevent an 
undue Impression from these reports, &, as, without Doubt, 
Congress will be desirous to have the best, & Earliest Intelligence 
of this Glorious Victory, I think proper to give you what Informa- 
tion We have of it, but, you'll be pleased to observe, that I do so, 
merely, for the Satisfaction of Congress, yourselves, & our Friends, 


& therefore you will take Care that it be not printed, or published — 
this I must insist on, because, you will shortly receive an authentick 
ofl&cial Ace* of the Affair. 

No. 1 is a Copy of the Generals Letter which I rec<^ this After- 
noon: Col° Otho Williams, in a Letter dated at Burdells, this 
day at Noon, says, "Lee's, Marion's, & Maham's, Horse are, 
manouvering about the Enemy, who, have drawn into their 
Post, at Eutaw, a strong Picket, which had been advanced a 
Mile from it" The action began Early yesterday Morn^ & lasted 
about 2 Hours & a half — the MiHtia, xmder Marion, & Pickens 
fired 17 Rounds p Man. 

No. 2 is such a list as We have obtained of the killed & Wounded, 
but, I believe there are some Names to be added to it — I don'* 
hear of the Enemy's having taken any other Prisoner than Col° 
Washington — whose Corps charged, thrice, thro' their Infantry, 
whilst unbroken — all Washingtons officers were wounded, except 
Cap* Parsons — all our wounded are brought off — 260 of the Pris"* 
have just passed this Way, & are sent over McCords Ferry — the 
rest are so badly Wounded, that they must come on, slowly — The 
force was pretty nearly equal, on both sides — If any Superiority 
the Enemy had it — A British Ofi&cer, Prisoner, tells me, they 
had 2000 — all Regulars — a considerable part of om"s were Militia — 
ab* 180 of them No. Carolinians, under Col° Malmady,^^ 360 
under Marion, 280 under Pickens, & ab* 200 State Troops (in 
the Action) under Col° Henderson,^^ who commanded them in 
the Illness & Absence of Gen^ Sumpter — our Men, it is true have 
suffer'd, amazingly, but that must have been expected in such a 
Conflict, However, they are in the highest Spirits, & ready for 
another Action — I am in hopes the Gen' will be able, if he can 
draw the Enemy out of their strong Hold (the large Brick House 
at Eutaw w"*" they certainly can't occupy long) to follow up, & 
improve this Victory, & give the finishing Stroke to their possessing 

" Col. Francis Malmedy (Marquis de) , a French officer of the Continental 
Army commanding for the time North Carolina Militia. 

^^ Col. William Henderson, a gallant and capable officer; Major of the Rifle 
Regiment captured at the surrender of Charleston; exchanged at the time of 
the general exchange of prisoners in August, 1781 and afterwards in command 
of Simiter's Brigade of state troops during the latter 's illness; afterwards 
appointed Brigadier General. 


the Country, by destroying the remains of their Army, at Eutaw, 
who must be exceedingly dispirited — at any rate, however, if they 
sh<* be so fortunate as to get off, by a rapid Moon Light March 
they must commit their numerous wounded, to his Mercy — you 
will hear from the General, as soon as he has closed the Scene 
with Mr. Stuart — in the mean Time, this may serve the purpose 
above menf^ — I am Gent 

yr: very hble Ser* 

J: Rutledge 

Mond. Morng 8 o'Clock — I've just seen a Man who left the ground 
on which the Battle was fought, at 3 P.M., Yesterday — He says 
the Enemy's dead & wounded were then on the Field & that our 
Horse were close to it — I don't know how far, however, this may 
be Fact — 

The Delegates of S*' Carolina in Congress 

Dear Sir — 

We have had a most Obstinate and Bloody action — Victory 
was ours — We drove the Enemy, more than four Miles — We 
took between three and four hundred prisoners, and had it not 
been, for the large Brick-Building at the Eutaw Spring, and the 
peculiar kind of Brush that surrounds it, we should have taken 
the whole Army prisoners — Nothing could exceed the Bravery of 
the Maryland & Virginia Troops — the North Carolinians behaved 
as well as could be expected from Young Soldiers. The Militia 
under Marion, Pickens, & Malmedy, did honor to this class of 
Soldiers — Washington, Lee, & Henderson with the State Troops 
exhibited instances of Heroism — Our loss is considerable, but, 
the Enemy's is great, not less than five or six hundred, killed and 
Wounded — The want of Cartridges and the strength of the Enemy's 
position prevented me from attempting to push our advantage 
farther — We are now sending off our wounded, and taking Meas- 
ures to oblige the Enemy to leave their position, or surrender in 
it — Washington had his horse killed, under him, and, being among 
the Enemy, was taken prisoner — 

most respectfully Yours, 

N: Greene 



My peculiar Situation, and the manner in which I write, will 

Apologize for not giving you a more particular Acco* 

Burdell's House, 

6 Miles from Eutaw 

Sept' 9, 1781 

His Excelency Governor Rutledge at Mrs. Mottes. 

A List of the Killed and Wounded, in the Action of the 5'* inst. at Etttaw 
Spring, viz} 

Maryland Line Reg*. 

State Troops of So. Carolina 

Cap*. Edely 


Major Rutherford 


Cap*. Dobson 


Lieu*. Polk 


Lieu*. Duvall 


(Leg Broke) 

Lieu*. Gould 


Lieut. Col. Henderson 


(Slight) Col°. Howard 


Capt. Moore 


Cap*. Hugo 




Lieu*. Ewing 


Lieu*. Losk 


Lieu*. Woolford 


General Pickens 


Lieu*. Linn 


(Arm Broke) Brigade 

Major Gibson ditto 

(Mortally) Lieu*. Capon, of Artillery, do 

Our loss in killed & 


Virginia Line 

(of Privates,) Continental & 
Militia) does not (it's said) 

Col°. Campbell 


exceed three hundred- 

—we have 

Cap*. Morgan 


no Returns of the 

killed & 

Lieu*. McGuire of Art^. ditto 

Cap*. Oldham Wounded 

(sUght) Brigade Major Edmonds, do 

Wounded Officers, of the N Caro 
Line— neither of the N°. & S°. 
Caro : Militia Officers except Viz. 

CoP. Hugh Horry 
Cap*. Boone 


do Lieu*. Phynn, Artillery do 
do Lieu*. Drew do do 

P*. or Col°. White's Reg*. 
(Bad) Cap*. Watts Wounded 

3*^. or Baylors Reg*. 
Lieu*. Col°. Washington (slightly wounded & Prisoner) 
(Slight) Lieu*. Ambrose Gordon (wounded) 
Lieu*. James Simons, (do in two places) 
(slight) Lieu*. King do 

(Mortal) Cornet Stuart do 


Cadet Carlisle (of Alexandria) killed 
Serg*. Major Perry, wounded in five places 

Col°. Lee's Partizan Legion 
Lieu*. Manning, Wounded 

(Slight) Cadet, Carrington, ditto^' 

Mrs. Mottes Congaree Sep. 9, 1781 
Gent. — 

You will be pleased to communicate, immediately, to the Cheva- 
lier de la Luzerne, my Letter to you w*'^ gives an Acco* of the glori- 
ous Victory obtained, yesterday, by Gen^ Greene — I have refer'd 
the Minister to you for an Account of the Particulars, of it, not 
having time to give them in a Letter to him — 

y' most hble Ser* 

J: Rutledge 
The Delegates of S° Carolina 

" It will be seen from these accounts of the Battle of Eutaw that there were 
three classes of troops taking part in it, the Continentals, the Militia and the 
so-called "State Troops." The last were enhsted for eight months under a 
scheme devised by Sumter often known as "Sumter's Law," imder which they 
were paid in negroes belonging to Tories and captured by the American forces. 
The State Courts never approved of this so-called law, but the publication of 
the Historical Commission of South Carolina edited by A. S. Salley, Jr., entitled 
"Documents relating to the History of South Carolina during the Revolutionary 
War" gives a niunber of claims filed in behalf of members of the regiments so 
enlisted based upon negroes due to them which had not been received. 

(To be continued.) 


Complied by Mabel L. Webber 

(Continued from April) 

Wednesday evening, on the 5th instant Hext M'Call, Esq.; 
was married to the amiable and accomplished Miss Betsey 
Pickering, daughter of the deceased Joseph Pickering, Esq. 
Friday, October 24, 1783. 

Saturday last died, after an illness of two days. Miss Betsy 
Hort, only daughter of Mr. William Hort, Merchant, of this City. 
(Friday, Oct. 24, 1783) 

This morning died Mrs. Elizabeth Gourley, wife of Mr. John 
Gourley, Shoemaker. (Friday, October 24, 1783.) 

Married.] Last Thursday Evening, Mr. William Doughty, 
merchant, of this city, to Mrs. Susanna Broughton, widow of the 
deceased Mr. Thomas Broughton, Jun. — The same evening, 
Mr. Charles Brown, of Georgetown, to Miss Susanna Tennent, 
daughter of the Rev. Mr. WiUiam Tennent, deceased, late pastor 
of the Independent Church in this town. — ^At Georgetown, on 
Thursday the 23d instant, Mr. Joseph Wragg, of that place, to 
Miss Nelly Mouzon, daughter of Mr. Peter Mouzon, of St. Thomas' 
Parish. (Friday, October, 31, 1783.) 

Died.] In an advanced age, Mrs. Helen Campbell, widow of 
the deceased Mr. MacCartan Campbell. — After a lingering indis- 
position, which she bore with patience and resignation, Mrs. 
Mary Darling, of this town. — Mr. Thomas Hall, Carpenter. 
(Friday, October 31, 1783.) 

Married.] Thursday Se'nnight, in Christ Church Parish, Mr. 
John Ash, of North Carolina, to Mrs. Elizabeth Legare, widow of 
the deceased Mr. Nathan Legare. — ^At Edisto the same evening, 
Mr. James Laroche, of Wadmelaw, to Miss Nancy Jenkins, 
daughter of the deceased Mr. Richard Jenkins, of Edisto Island. 
(Friday, November, 7, 1783.) 



Died.] In this city, Mrs. Mary Toomer, wife of Joshua Toomer, 
Esq; of Christ Church Parish. — Dr. Richard Bolton, of Straw- 
berry. (Friday, November 7, 1783.) 

Married.] Last Tuesday evening Mr. John Mayrant, to Miss 
Isabella Norville. — Yesterday evening, Joseph Bee, Esq; to the 
amiable Miss Susanna Duboise, widow of the deceased Mr. David 
Duboise and daughter of Mr. Richard Muncreef. (Friday, 
November 14, 1783.) 

Died.] In this City, Mrs. Amelia Fitzsimmons, consort of 
Mr. Andrew Fitzsimmons, Merchant. — In an advanced age, Mr. 
Thomas Radcliff. — At James Island, Mrs. Mary Gibbs, wife of 
Mr. Benjamin Gibbs, of that place. (Friday, Nov. 14, 1783.) 

Married.] Last Wednesday evening, John Bee Holmes, Esq; 
Attorney at law, to Miss Elizabeth Edwards. — also Mr. Philip 
Gadsden (son of the Hon. Christopher Gadsden, Esq;) to Miss 
Catherine Edwards, both daughters of John Edwards, Esq; 
Deceased of this City. (Friday, 21, 1783.) 

Died.] Mrs. Martha Bowman, wife of Mr. John Bowman 
(Friday, Nov. 21, 1783) 

Died.] Mrs. Hester Nelson, wife of James Nelson, Esquire, 
one of the Wardens of this City, — ^After a few days illness, Mr. 
Isaac Da Costa, Sen. a respectable citizen and an honest man. — 
John Seabrook, Sen. Esq; aged 56, who left Edisto-Island on his 
way to this City, in perfect health, but in a few hours afterwards 
was seized with an apoplexy, and was carried back a corpse; his 
loss is lamented by his numerous relations, and will ever be held 
in memory as a tender husband, an affectionate parent and truly 
honest man. (Friday, November 28, 1783.) 

Yesterday Se'nnight Mr. Gracia Rivers, of St. Andrew's Parish, 
was married to Miss Polly Broughton, daughter of the late Mr. 
Andrew Broughton. 

Last evening Philip Prioleau, Esq; Clerk of the Hon. Privy 
Council, was married to Miss Alice Edith Homeyard, of this 
City, a young lady endowed with every accomplishment necessary 
to render the marriage state happy. (Friday, December 5, 1783.) 

Died.] In this City, last Monday morning after a few days 
illness, James Marshall, Esq; lately arrived from the West-Indies. — 
Yesterday in Christ Church Parish, in an advanced age, George 
Paddon Bond, Esq. — At John's Island, Mrs Sarah Sandiford, 


widow of the deceased Mr. William Sandiford. — In St. John's 
Parish, Mrs. Mary Monck, widow of the deceased Thomas Monck, 
Esq; — a Lady of examplary piety. (Friday, Dec. 5, 1783.) 

Last evening was married at John's Island, Major William 
Leigh Pierce, late Aid de Camp to the Hon. Major General Green, 
to Miss Charlotte Fenwicke, daughter of the Hon. Edward Fen- 
wicke. Esq; deceased. (Friday, December 12, 1783.) 

Yesterday died, very suddenly. Major Edmond Hyrne, of this 
City; a gentleman distinguished for his intrepidity and knowledge 
of discipline as an officer, and for his animated exertions in defence 
of the liberties of his country as a citizen. — We sincerely condole 
with the public on Ihe untimely death of so valuable a member of 
the community, and are Sorry our limits prevent us from paying 
a more adequate tribute to his memory, (Friday, December 12, 

Married.] Sunday evening, Mr. Sebastian Spencer to Mrs. 
Elizabeth Spidel. — Yesterday morning, Mr. Thomas Russell, to 
Miss Mary Starnes; and in the evening, Mr. George Smith, jun. 
to Miss Elizabeth P. Smith, youngest daughter of Mr. Josiah 
Smith, Merchant. (Friday, December 19, 1783.) 

Married.] Mr. Francis Wilkinson, of St. Paul's Parish, to 
Miss Susanna Wilkinson, daughter of Col. Morton Wilkinson. — 
Mr. John Griggs of St. Bartholomew's Parish, to Miss Sarah 
Webb. — Mr. Arthur Simons, of St. Mark's Parish, to Miss Eliza- 
beth Axson. — Mr. Thomas Axson, to Miss Esther Fogartie. 
(Friday December 26, 1783.) 

Died.] Last Sunday evening, in the bloom of h"fe, after a long 
and tedious illness, which she bore with patience and resignation, 
Mrs. Henrietta — Isabella Dart, widow of the deceased John Dart, 
Esq; attorney at law, and daughter of Humphrey Sommers, Esq. — 
Monday, Mr. Rivers Stanyarne, Son of Mr. William Stanyarne, 
of John's Island. — Tuesday, Mrs. Mary Wall, widow of the de- 
ceased Capt. John Wall. — Wednesday, Mr. Stephen Mazyck, 
Senior. (Friday, December 26, 1783.) 

Married.] Mr. Daniel Doyley, of St. Bartholomew's Parish, to 
Miss Ann Rebecca Webb. — Mr. Ezekial Mills, of Virginia, to 
Mrs. Mary Addison, widow of Mr. John Addison, of St. Thomas's 
parish. — Mr. Robert Gibson, jun. Sadler, to Mrs. Jane Callaghan, 
widow of the deceased Mr. John Callaghan. (Friday, January 
2, 1784.) 


Died.] Last Tuesday in the 29th year of her age, after a few 
hours' illness, Mrs. Mary Vinyard, wife of Mr. John Vinyard, of 
this city: — Her death is much lamented, being a loving wife and 
a tender parent. — In North Carolina, Capt. George Darby. (Fri- 
day Jan. 2, 1784.) 

Married.] At the Horse-Shoe, John Julius Pringle, Esq; Attor- 
ney at Law, of this City, to Miss Susanna Reid, youngest daughter 
of the deceased Dr. James Reid. — ^Last evening, in this City, Mr. 
James Simons, merchant, to Miss Sarah Dewar, youngest daughter 
of the deceased Mr. Charles Dewar, merchant. (Friday January 
9, 1784.) 

Married.] In this City, Mr. Joachim Gotf ried Schutt, Merchant, 
to Miss Mary Dorethea Kelly. — Mr. Richard Shaw to Miss Mary 
Peak. — Mr. Peter Smith, to Miss Mary Craine. (Friday, January 
16, 1784.) 

Died.] In North Carolina, Thomas Burke, Esq; late Governor 
of that State. — In St. Stephen's Parish, Mrs. Mary Mayham, 
wife of Col. Hezekiah Mayham. — In Prince William's Parish, 
William Stoutenburgh, Esq. — In this City, Mr. Robert Way. 
(Friday, Jan. 16, 1784.) 

Married.] Mr. John Grimball, of Edisto, to Mrs. Ann Adams, 
widow of the deceased Mr. John Adams. — Mr. John Jenkins, of 
St. Helena, to Miss Martha Seabrook, daughter of Mr. Richard 
Seabrook. — Mr. Benjamin Jenkins, of Wadmelaw Island, to Miss 
Hannah Fripp, daughter of the deceased Mr. John Fripp. (Friday 
January 23, 1784.) 

Married.] Brigadier- General Mordecai Guest, of the State of 
Maryland, to Mrs. Mary Cattell, widow of the deceased Benjamin 
Catteil, Esq. — William Eraser, Esq; Attorney at Law, of this 
City, to Miss Sophia Miles, of St. Bartholomew's Parish. — Mr. 
WilHam Clancey Saddler, to Mrs. Joanna Donovan of St. Bartholo- 
mew's Parish. — Mr. Thomas Scott, to Mrs. Francis White. — 
Mr. Henry Bennett, of Christ Church Parish to Mrs. Martha 
Whilden. — Mr. Peter Holmes, of St. Andrew's Parish, to Miss 
Francis Croskeys. 

The marriage of Mr. Russell, to Miss Sally Calder of Edisto, 
as mentioned in Mr. Miller's paper of Saturday last is premature. 
(Friday January 30, 1784.) 

Died.] Near Purrysburgh, Dr. John B. Bourquin, aged 93 


years. He served nine years as a surgeon in the Duke of Marl- 
borough's army, and settled at Purrysburgh in this State in 1732. — 
at Ponpon, Dr. Kennedy. (Friday, Jan. 30, 1784.) 

Died.] In this City, on Sunday last, WilUam Taggart, Esq; 
formerly an Attorney at Law. — On Monday evening, in the 62d 
year of her age, after a long and tedious illness, which she bore 
with Christian patience and resignation, Mrs. Joanna Reilly, 
widow of the deceased Mr. Charles Reilly, of this city. — The same 
day, Mr. James Mansfield, Printer. — On Wednesday, after a 
lingering indisposition, John Berwick, Esq; a member of the general 
assembly of Christ Church Parish, and one of the Commissioners 
of confiscated Estates; much regretted by his friends and acquant- 
ance. (Friday, February 6, 1784.) 

Married.] John Waites, Esq; of Georgetown, to Miss Nancy 
Mayham, daughter of Lieut. Col. Hezehiah Mayham. — Mr. 
Charles Glover, to Miss Nancy Coachman, daughter of the de- 
ceased Benjamin Coachman, Esq, — Mr. Charles Dezel, to Miss 
Polly Muckinfuss, daughter of the deceased Mr. Michael Muck- 
infuss. (Friday, February 13, 1784.) 

Died.] On Tuesday last, Mr. Peter Valton, for many years 
Organist of St. Philip's Church in this City. — Last week, in St. 
Thomas's Parish, of the sore-throat, a son and daughter of John 
Moore, Esq; of that Parish. (Friday, Feb. 13, 1784.) 

Marriages.] Mr. WilUam Bellinger, of St. Bartholomew's 
parish, to Miss Elizabeth Pinkney, daughter of William Pinckney 
Esq; deceased. — Mr. Samuel Bonsall, of this City, to Miss Ann 
Smith, daughter of Henry Smith, Esq; of Goose Creek, deceased. — 
Mr. John Geyer, Merchant, to Miss Elizabeth Bampfield, only 
daughter of the deceased Mr. William Bampfield. — At James 
Island, Mr. EUjah Rivers, to Miss Susannah Stone, daughter of 
the deceased Mr. Benjamin Stone. — At Long-Bluff, Morgan 
Brown, Esq; to Miss Elizabeth Little, daughter of the late William 
Little, Esq. — Mr. Thomas Wade, jun. to Miss Elizabeth Leek, 
daughter of the late William Leek, Esq. — ^Lieut. Enoch Evans, 
to Mrs. Ann Edwards, widow of the deceased Mr. Joshua Edwards. 
(Friday, February 20, 1784.) 

Deaths.] At Long-Bluff, Mr. Thomas Evans, Sen. father of 
the above Mr. Enoch Evans. — In St. Thomas's Parish, much 
regretted by all who knew him, Capt. William Bennett. — Mr. 


Anthony Addison, Son of the deceased Mr. Thomas Addison. — 
In this City, Mr. Bellamy Crawford. (Friday, February 20, 1784.) 

Married.] Last evening, in this City, Mr. Stephen Lee, Watch- 
maker to Mrs. Dorthea Allison, widow of the Rev. Mr. Hugh 
Allison, of James Island, deceased. Mr. John Miller, (son of the 
deceased Stephen Miller, Esq; of St. Thomas's Parish) to Miss 
Charlotte Gibbons, daughter of the deceased Mr. John Gibbons, 
of the State of Georgia. — Mr. Thomas Surtill, to Mrs. Martha 
Stukes, widow of the deceased Mr. William Stukes. — ^A few days 
ago at Dorchester, Mr. Peter Porcher, jun. of St. James, Santee, 
to Miss Betsey Branford, daughter of the deceased Mr. Barnaby 
Brandford of St. George's Parish. — In St. Stephen's Parish, Mr. 
Samuel Dubose, to Miss Betsey Sinkler. — In St. Bartholomew's 
Parish, Mr. Isaac Youngblood, to Miss Susanna Ferguson. (Fri- 
day, February 27, 1784.) 

Died.] At Savannah, in Georgia, after a short illness, Mr. 
John Owens, Merchant, of that place. (Friday, Feb. 27, 1784.) 

Died.] On Sunday last, after a short illness, Mr. George Dun- 
can, many years a Wine Merchant in this City. (Wednesday, 
March 3, 1784) 

{To he continued.) 


(August 1778 to May 1780) 
{Continued from April number) 

Head Quarters — Charles Town 
March !«*. 1780. 

Parole. Paris C. S. Dunkirk. Dillon, 
F. O. for tomorrow — Col°. Malmedy. 
B. M. Major Andrews. 

The strictest Search having been made yesterday by the Com- 
missioners, Surgeons & other Officers of the Army, the Gen^ is 
happy to inform the garrison that the Small pox is no where in 

Cap*. Lyttle & Lieu*. Campbell are appointed members of the 
Court Martial now sitting. 

Lieu*. Langford & Lieu*. Buchannan late of the 6*^. are ordered 
to join the 2^. Reg*, of S°. CaroUna. 

E. O. Major Haversham is requested to act as Judge Advocate. 
The members of the Court will meet at the President's Quarters 
at 3 oclock this afternoon & proceed immediately to Business. 

All the Troops off Duty will turn out on fatigue to morrow 
Morning at 8 oclock, then will parade at the Horn Work where 
they will receive orders. 

The Q. M. G. will order 2 Axes, 200 Hatchets & Rope for making 
Fascines to be ready at the same time & place — all the waggons 
in Town will parade there also at 8 oclock in the morning. The 
Q. M. G. will send Boats to receive the Facines at the Ship yard. 
2'^: Parole. C. S. France. Freedom 

F. 0. for tomorrow Col". Heth. 
B. M. Cap*. Sharpe. 

Lieu*. Col°. Wallace. 4 Cap*^ 4 Sub«. 8 Sej*^ 8 Corp'«. & 150 
men for command tomorrow, they will parade at Troop beating 
with one Days Provisions cooked. 

Col°. Beekman will Order a Detachment to relieve the one at 



Ashley Ferry at the same time. The Commissary will order a 
waggon with seven days provisions for 190 men to march with the 
above command. 

For two days guard to be paraded at guard mounting tomorrow 
with two days provisions cooked. 1 Cap*. 2 Sub*. 3 Serj*'. 3 Corp'". 
& 50 privates. 

B. O. One Sub: 1 Non Com^, & 6 Matrosses from the Cont\ 
Artillery are to parade to morrow Morn«. at Troop beating with 
one Days Provisions ready cooked. They are to march with 
Lieu*. Col°. Wallace's Command to relieve the Cha". Town Artillery 
at Ashley Ferry. 
3^ Parole. P. S. Clarke. Hogg. 

F. O. for tomorrow Col°. Shepheard. 
B. M. Capt. Talliaferro. 

The fatigue to parade tomorrow as to Day. 

The Gen^ forbids any Cannon being discharged either from the 
Batteries or Ships in the harbour without previous notice being 
given at Head Quarters except in Case of the approach of the 

The waggons to parade tomorrow as to day. 

E. G. O. Major Parker having been appointed Town Major 
all passes signed by him are to be obeyed. 

The Ofi&cers commanding guards at the inlets of the Town are 
examine every white person who comes within the Lines & if 
they appear not to belong to the Garrison they will take down their 
names & place of Abode which will be reported by the Ofi&cer to 
the Town Major every morning immediately after the guard 
shall be relieved. 

B. O. Major Darrell will furnish Cap*. Stiles with 70 Rounds 
of Cartridges filled for 12 P"^". 

Col°. Grimke will order the Brass 2 p*^". with Carriages Limbers 
Horse Geers for 2 Horses to each Gun 4 Sponges & rammers 2 
Ladles 2 Wadhooks & 2 Setts of Dragg Ropes 600 Rounds of fixed 
Case shot, Tubes & Portfiers, to be delivered to Col°. Heriot. 

The guard at Gibbes's Battery having charge of the Boats at 
that place, they are to oblige all Boats passing to come to & suffer 
none to pass without a Permit. 

B. O. A Court Martial to set this morning in Camp for the 


Tryal of such prisoners as may be brought them. President Cap*. 
John Wickly, members Lieu*. Liston & Lieu*. Grayson. 
4*^ Parole. C. S. Athens Sparta. 

F. O. for tomorrow. Col° de Bretagne. 
B. M. Major Simmons. 

The Gen', desires once more that the Cha^. Town MiHtia would 
reside in Barracks and being confident that the Example of the 
Officers would have more Effect than the most pointed Orders 
without it, he expects they will be the first to put this in execution. 

Col°. Simons will reduce the main guard to 1. Cap*. 1. Su^. 1. Serj*. 
1 Corp^ & 30 privates. Gen^ Hogan will order the Subaltan's 
Guard at the exchange to be reUeved this even^. at Retreat beating; 
it will consist of 1 Su*' 1 Serg*. 2 Corp'". & 24 privates & extend a 
Corp'. & 6 to the Flood Gate. 

Col°. Simons will order 1 Cap*. 2 Sub*. 2 Serj*. & 50 R & f to be 
lodged in the Stave House ready to turn out & in case of alarm of 
Fire they will be led to the place & render every assistance in their 
power to extinguish it — they will also keep patroles out during the 
night who will take up suspected persons & conduct them to the 
Officer to be examined. All the other Troops whether Cont'. or 
MiHtia will in Case of fire repair with the utmost alertness to 
this respective parades from whence the Com^. Officers will conduct 
them to their alarm post where they are to remain till they receive 

B. O. Command^. Officers of Forts & Guards on the Water 
Side are to call every morning at 6 oclock on Colonel Beekman 
for the Signal of the Day. 

R. O. Officer of the day tomorrow — Cap*. Mitchell. 
5*^^ Parole C. S. 

F. O. for tomorrow. Col°. Lytte 

B. M. Major Andrews 

Eighty men from Gen'. Lillington's Brigade properly officered 
are to parade at the Qua^ Master Gen'^ Store on the wharf at 2 
oclock this afternoon for the fatigue they will receive their orders 
from the Q. M. G. 

B. O. Major Darrell will direct that his Corps be made as 
perfect as possible in the manual exercise & guard duty & that his 
Adj*. attend the Brigade Major for orders. 


Col". Grimke will order two 18 p*^". & ammunition to Harleston's 
Battery where the Cont^ Artillery are posted. 

The 26 p'^"'. on the S° End of the Bay & one 18 p-^" from Major 
Darrell's to be mounted at Granville's Battery. One 18 p*^"". to be 
added to the guns mounted at the Exchange Battery. The 
Ordnance at Cravens & the above Batteries to be supplied with 50 
Rounds of gun immediately. Major Darrell will have the ammuni- 
tion furnished & delivered in charge of the Ofhcers commanding 
the guards at the different posts. 

The Six & four p^''^. on the wharves & about Chastown to be 
taken on the Flanks of the several Forts & Grape & Case shot 
furnished for them. One Sub : 1 Serj*. & 24 Rank & File from 
Major Darrell's Corps to take Charge of the Guns on Granville's 
6*^ Parole. C. S. 

F. O. for tomorrow Col°. Hampton 
B. M. Capt Craddock. 

The Discharge of 6 Cannon from Broughton's Battery in Divi- 
sions of 2 at a time with intervals of half a minute will be the 
Signal of alarm from the S°. part of the Town & the discharges of 
3 Cannon from the Horn Work at equal Intervals of 2 minutes 
will be the Signal of Alarm for the Lines. When either of these 
Signals shall be given, the Com^. officers of Brigades or Corps will 
form their Troops & lead them instantly to the Alarm Post ap- 
pointed at the Lines or towards the Water as the Case may be & 
there wait for orders at the head of their respective Corps. 

The 3"^. N°. Carolina Batt''. will join Gen^ Hogan's Brigade. 
The two days Guard to be relieved tomorrow — The Relief to have 
2 days Provisions cooked. 

The Court Martial of which Major Lewis was president is 

The different Brigades & Corps are to have 50 Rounds of Cart- 
ridges per man, but as it would occasion great waste of ammunition 
to deliver it all out — the men are to be furnished with only 36 
Rounds & the remainder lodged with the respective Quarter 

A copy of the regulations for the orders & discipline of the Troops 
of the United States will be delivered to the Com*. Officer of the 


Guard at Harleston's — The Post Guard, the Exchange Guard the 
Magazine Guard — Gadsden's wharf Guard — Granville's Bastion 
Guard & Gibbes's Wharf Guard — The Ofl&cers will be careful 
that the whole Service of the Guards be performed agreeable to the 
Directions therein contained — they will also respectively deliver 
the Books to the reUeving Ofi&cer who in default of this will men- 
tion it in his report that the Ofi&cer of the Old Guard may be made 

A Gen^ Court Martial for the Tryal of all prisoners to sit topior- 
row morn^. at 9 oclock L*. Col°. Laurens president — Cap*. Caleron, 
Cap*. Steadman — Cap*. Cowen, Lieu*. Campbell of the Georgia 
Art^., Lieu*. Campbell of the N°. Carolina Line, one Officer from the 
Artillery 2 Cap*^ or Sub^ from Gen^ Hogan's Brigade, 1 Cap*. & 
1 Sub : from Col°. Parker's Brigade — Judge Advocat Major Haber- 
sham. One orderly Serj*. from Col°. Parker's Brigade & one from 
the Arty, to attend the Court which will sit at the presidents 
Quarters — All evidence to attend. 

The Guard at Granvill's Bastion is to be reinforced with 5 
privates from Gen'. Lellington's Brigade & one from Col°. Heth's — 
That at the Exchange to be reinforced with 3 privates from Gen^ 

Hogan's Brigade & 3 from Col° Brigade— The Q. M. G. 

will direct where the additional Sentries are to be placed the same 
to be added to the Detail for tomorrow. 
7*^ Parole C. S. 

F. O. for tomorrow — L*. Col°. Mebane. 
B. M. 

As the privates of the 5^^. S°. Carolina Reg*, have been trans- 
ferred to the 2^. — Lieut. Evans & Lieu*. Frierson late of the 5*''. 
are appointed Lieu**, in the 2^. Reg*. & L*. Buchannan & L*. Lang- 
ford late of the 6*^. are appointed Lieu*^ in the 3^. Reg*. 

E. O. Hah the Troops off Duty are to be on fatigue tomorrow 
Morn8. at 8 oclock — they will be paraded at Qua^ Ma''. Gen''". 
where they will receive Tools & Orders. 

The whole Army is ordered to be at their Alarm post at the S°. 
End of the Town tomorrow Morn^. at five oclock. 

(To be continued.) 





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Address: South Carolina Historical Society, 

Charleston, S. C. 








OCTOBER, 1917 

Entered at the Post-office at Charleston, S. C, as 
Second-Class Matter 


Joseph W. Barnwell, Henry A. M. Smith, 

A. S. Salley, Jr. 

Mabel L. Webber. 


Letters of John Rutledge 155 

The Register of Christ Church Parish 168 

Order Book of John Faucheraud Grimke 1 75 

The Inscriptions on the Gravestones at Sheldon Church. . 180 

Marriage and Death Notices from the South Carolina Weekly 

Gazette 184 

Index 191 

N. B. — These Magazines, with the exception of No. 1 of 
Vol. I, are $1.25 to any one other than a member of the South 
Carolina Historical Society. Members of the Society receive 
them free. The Membership fee is $4.00 per annum (the fiscal 
year being from January to January), and members can buy 
back numbers or duplicates at $1.00 each. In addition to 
receiving the Magazines, members are allowed a discount of 25 
per cent, on all other publications of the Society, and have the 
free use of the Society's library. 

Any member who has not received the last number will 
please notify the Secretary and Treasurer. 

Miss Mabel L. Webber, 

South Carolina Historical Society, 

Charleston, S. C 

The South Carolina 
Historical and Genealogical 


VOL. XVIII. OCTOBER, 1917 No. 4 


Annotated by Joseph W. Barnwell 

(Continued from the July Number) 

Mr. Dawsons, Wateree Sep. IS*'^. 1781 

On the 13*^. Ins*. I rec"^. you Letter, of the 4*^ ult°, by Col. 
Scott — I am glad to hear that the loan (the repayment of which 
Congress guaranteed,) for the Benefit of the poor S°. CaroUna 
Refugees,^ was speedily obtained, & in Philad*. — But I think, 
it w*^ be well to recommend to many of them, to go to Fred''., 
or Hagars' Town, in Maryland — they may live there, at an 8**". 
of the Expense they do in Philad^. — House Rent, in particular, 
being very high in that City — However, I hope, from our Acco**. 
of the French W. India Fleet, & 6000 Land Forces, being arrived, 
in Chesapeake We shall, soon, restore our friends, to their pos- 
sessions in C. Town for. New York must faU, if our Allies will but 
remain long enough before it, (& they can*, have a more important 

^ Under an order published June 27*^, 1781 by Col. Balfour commanding 
at Charleston, the families of absent Whigs were directed to "quit the town" 
by August 1st. They were assisted by the loan referred to in this letter (Mc- 
Crady 1780-1783, page 375). They were said to number 670 men, women and 
children, and 71 servants. The loan was never subscribed or paid in full, 
but was of great assistance to the exiles. 



Object)^ — Our Capital must be the next, for their co-operation — 
In the mean time, however, it w*^. be well to block up that Har- 
bour,' & prevent any Navy from getting into or coming out of 
it — We will do bur best to hinder the Garrison's getting Supplies 
from the Country — & surely, from such a considerable Fleet, a 
Number of Vessels, sufficient for that purpose, may be spared, 
with*. Injury to the Northern operations — you will not fail to 
use your best endeavours to efifect this Measure — pray send the 
Great Seal to me by the first safe Conveyance — 

By this Express, Congress will receive, from Gen^ Greene, an 
official Acco*. of Marions late Enterprise,* to the Southward, & 
of the Victory at Eutaw — It is therefore unnecessary for me to 
say any thing on these Points — I sent to Col°. Harden, for, &, a 
few days, ago rec*^.. Copies of the several Letters, & a Memd"^. of 
the Messages, which passed between Col°. Hayne, during the 
Time of his Confine"^*., & Lord Rawden & Balfour; The Col«. Son 
having bro*. them out — on rec*. of 'em, I drew up a State of the 
Case, w"^. I sent to Gen^ Greene, who will transmit it, by this 
Conve}^, to Congress, together with Balfour's Answer to the 
Generals Letter, on that Subject — the Excn' of Hayne^ had the 
Effect w''^ the Enemy foresaw, & expected, from that unparalled 
piece of Cruelty — &, indeed, a much greater Effect than you can 
conceive, for, a great many Protection Men, who had joined 
Harden, thereupon deserted him & again submitted themselves, 

2 See the letter of Governor Edward Rutledge to Washington just after his 
release from St. Augustine (this magazine, vol. 17, page 4), urging the em- 
ployment of the French forces, after the fall of CornwaUis, in the recovery of 
Charles Town. 

* The "blocking up" of Charleston harbor with hulks loaded mth stone was 
tried during the Confederate War by the Federal Government, but without 

* This referred to an expedition of Marion across the Santee to the aid of 
Col. Harden then in dire distress. It was effected with great skill and bold- 
ness. Major Fraser was ambuscaded near Parker's Ferry on the Edisto and 
forced to retreat until his reinforcements came up (McCrady, 1780-1783, 
page 439). 

* The execution of Col. Isaac Hayne, under orders from Balfour and Lord 
Rawdon on August 4th, 1781, was a warning to the Whigs that any step how- 
ever cruel would be taken to prevent the resumption of hostilities by those 
who had taken British protection. As a matter of fact, retaliation, though 
threatened by Greene, was never carried out. 


to the British Government & Mercy, so that, when Marion went 
last, to the Southward, Harden had not 50 Men, in Arms, & had 
it not been, for Marions Appearance in that Quarter, & his Sup- 
port & Countenance, at such a critical Period, Hardens Force 
w*^. have been reduced much lower — Happily, his putting Fraser 
to flight, has given the Southward-Militia fresh Spirits — & 
Gen^ Greene's well timed Proclamation, & spirited Determination, 
in Consequence of Hayne's Death, has removed the Apprehen- 
sions of our Militia, (most of whom had taken Protection, espe- 
cially those in the lower parts of the Country,) of suffering in 
like Manner, if taken Prisoners — This Measure, & the steps 
taken with our Militia, will, I hope, soon get a respectable Number 
into the Field — I have struck off the three Southw"^. Reg*', from 
Pickens' Brigade, intending to throw them into one, for Harden 
or Barnwell,^ who is daily expected, & have brigaded the several 
other Regiments in more satisfactory & proper divisions, than 
they were — furnished the Brig" w*^. Extracts from such parts 
of our laws as are material for their Gov*, or Inform", ordered 
'em to be carried strictly into Excn' — the several Reg*', to be, 
immediately fully ofhcered, with the fittest Men in them — mus- 
ter*^ — reviewed — & classed & drill*^. & 1 3*^ marched, directly 
to Headquarters — 

I have also ordered the Fines to be collected, in Specie, tho^e 
w''''. may be laid under the Acct of 1778, at the same Value, in 
Specie, as Paper Money, & those w'^^. may be imposed, under 
the Act of 1779, at the depreciations, or comparative Value of 
Specie, with Currency according to the Rates, acknowledged by 
the Legislature, who, in 1776, when Specie & Paper Money were 
of equal Value, established a Militia Man's pay at ten s. pr day, 
continued the same in 1778, (so that it may be presumed there 
was then no depreciation, at least there was no Legislative acknowl- 
edgement of any,) but, in 1779, raised it to 32 s pr day — thus for 
a Fine, under the last law. Offenders must pay £150 in Specie, 
instead of, (w* the Law mentions) £500 Curry' or go into Cont''. 

^Maj. John Barnwell (this magazine vol. 2, page 54) captured at the Fall 
of Charles Town, and not at Johns Island by the surprise of his Company, 
as stated in Johnson's Traditions (page 182). Indeed these Traditions are 
scarcely ever worthy of confidence. 


The General informed me, when We parted a few days ago. 
(he being gone to the High Hills of Santee, & I shall not see him 
till after this Express is gone, tho', I am on my Way thither, but 
am obliged by Sickness, to travel very slowly, & to go roimd by 
Camden, as I can*, cross the Swamp here,) that he w'^. send his 
proclamation respecting Ha3rne, to Congress, for their Opinion — 
We have no Ofi&cer, of equal Rank, a Prisoner, &, it is not improb- 
able, that the Gen', may hear, from Congress, on this Head, be- 
fore We get such an one, & our not having one, & the Militia's 
absolute Reliance, on the Gen'*, Engagement to retaliate, are the 
only causes of keeping 'em, satisfied — if such an ofi&cer was, in, 
or sh^. fall into, our Hands, the People w"^. be clamorous, for his 
Execution, & hanged he must be — I hope there will be no difiBculty, 
or doubt, with any member of Congress, ab*. approving the Gen- 
eral's Proclamation, & of his having executed an OfiScer, for 
Hayne, if he shall have done so, before he hears from Congress, &, 
if he should not, of directing him to do so, & to retaliate, in every 
other Instance, as he has threat^. — With you I am sure there can 
be no Hesitation — I desire that you will use your utmost Efforts, 
to bring all the other Members into the same Sentiments, & obtain 
such a Resolve — Be assured, if it is not passed, the worst Conse- 
quences will ensue — The General will be grossly affronted — the 
Ofl&cers of the Continental Troops all of whom presented an Ad- 
dress to the Gen', (on this Matter) which will ever do them great 
Honour will be digusted — The Enemy will reproach us, & very 
justly, w*'^. Timidity, as they often have done, on good Ground, 
& our Militia will be dispirited, & fall off — Indeed you cannot 
suppose, if the British offer 'em Pardon, for having joined us, 
(wch. they do, if they will quit us,) that they will adhere to our 
Cause, if We refuse to support 'em, by Retaliation, for any Injury 
they may receive, by so doing — The Gen', expects to be supported 
in this Measure, & He certainly ought to be — I cannot therefore 
avoid repeating my earnest Desire, & Expectation, that you will, 
immediately, obtain the fullest Approbation of his Conduct, 
on this Point, & send the Resolve by a special & trusted Express, 
as soon as possible — 

I think it w^. be wise & politick, in the several States, who 
are intitled to any of the Lands which the Vermonters wish for, 
to cede them that they might be formed into, or estabUshed 


as, a separate State, but, I cannot believe that the Articles of 
confederation, (w'^^'. I have not here) give Congress any Right, 
(& unless they do. Congress, certainly have it not,) to erect 
an Independent State out of parts of the undoubted Terri- 
tories of other States.'' — It is a bad Precedent, which may 
aflfect the Peace of our present Governments, at some future 
day, & it is a Measure, w''*'. Congress, I think w*^. not hastily 
give into, from Motives of temporary Convenience, & short dura- 
tion — The probability of reducing N. York, will, however, I 
presume occasion the Application to be rejected if not already 
granted — you will be pleased to attend to my Instructions, re- 
specting Gillon, if fortunately he sh^. arrive, & to my several 
former Requisitions, particularly the giving me the speediest 
Intelligence, of every material Occurrence — I have been very 
prolix, & on some Matters rather fitter for a private Correspon- 
dent, to friends, than a publick or official Letter — However, I 
thought it w*^. be satisfactory to you, & our other Carolinians, at 
Phil: to know every Thing of any Consequence, We are ab*. here. 
I am wth. great Regard 

Gent. yr. most Obed. Ser*. 

J: Rutledge 

P.S. I have appointed an ordinary for each of the Districts 
in this State, (C. Town included), suspended the Tender^ Law 
& prohibited all Suits in the Court of Common Pleas, or before a 
Magistrate, under the Act for trial of small & mean Causes till 10 
days after the next Sitting of the General Assembly. 

High hills of Santee. 
Oct' 4*^ 1781. 

I received by Mr. Wilkinson, the day before yesterday, your 
letters, of the 14*^ of August and of the 4th Ult°. — In consequence 

^ This question afterwards came up repeatedly in the Continental Congress 
after Rutledge was elected a member in 1782, and he always took the position 
which is taken in this letter. In the Constitutional Convention he opposed 
a State being divided except with its own consent (Madison Papers, page 

* It will be seen from this letter what extensive powers were exercised by 
Governor Rutledge during the period when the whole Government of the State 
was centered in him. 


of what you mention, in the last, I have made, & you will receive 
herewith, a new appointment of Delegates: that matter had not 
escaped my attention, but, I did not conceive it necessary, within, 
a year after the Confederation was finally ratified — I am glad 
to hear of Col°. John Laurens's Success^ — it will convince many 
of what I have often said to you, that our not having reC^. more 
powerful Support & effectual Aid, from France, is to be attributed 
solely, to the want of proper application for it — I think it next to 
an impossibility, that the combined Forces in Virginia should 
fail in their Attempt on Cornwallis, &, if Charles-Town, should, 
as it ought, & I hope will, be, their next object, a short time will 
restore tranquillity to the southern States, &, in all probability 
honorable terms of Peace be speedily offered by Great Britain — 

Several Persons are now employed in procuring Indigo,^" on 
public account, (but keep this matter to yourselves) — it is im- 
possible, as yet, to tell, with any degree of certainty, what Quan- 
tity will be obtained — 

I have hitherto postponed a call of the Legislature, for the 
reasons heretofore mentioned to you, and, shall do so, until the 
arrival of the Council — when I know, (which I shall from them,) 
within what time Gentlemen who were members of the last House 
may be expected here, the expediency of an Election may be better 
judged of, than at present — But if the Forces now in Virginia 
should come against Charles-Town, it is most likely that the first 
meeting of an Assembly will be held there — I wish, much, however, 
to have the earliest Intimation, (& therefore I repeat the requests 
contained in my former Letters, that you will not fail to transmit 
to me by the speediest conveyance, what Intelligence you may 
Receive,) respecting the meeting of the proposed Congress in 
Europe, the result of their deliberation, or, if they should actually 
meet, what it is supposed that result will be — 

' The success of the mission of Col. Laurens to the Court of France shows 
how correct was the judgment of the Governor in repeatedly urging that a 
special envoy should be sent. His confident prediction of the fall of Corn- 
wallis was also justified, as the event proved. 

1" In the desperate need for money then existing in South Carolina, this 
plan of Governor Rutledge to obtain Indigo in South Carolina and ship it by 
wagons to Philadelphia seems to have met with great success. It was one 
of the results of his second visit to Philadelphia. 


Commodore Gillon, in his Letter of the 28*'' April, forwarded 
in your last, desires that my Orders for him might be sent to 
Philadelphia, as He should not, on his arrival in America, take 
any steps without them, but, really. He has made such a strange 
disposition of his Cargo, by giving up to Col° Laurens, at the first 
cost, two thirds of it, to be chosen by him, and obhging himself 
to reland the bulky Articles of naval Supplies, in order to afiford 
as much freight as possible, and that free, for what Mr. Laurens 
should chuse to Ship, on continental account, that I expect He, 
(Gillon,) will bring a very inconsiderable Cargo — for, I presume, 
He will dispose of the naval Supplies, & that, tho' they would 
have yielded the greatest profit in America, they will not, in his 
situation, fetch, in Holland, what they first cost — That money 
I dare say will be all expended before He sails, &, I should not 
be surprized, if the pittance of the Cargo then remaining should 
be broke in upon, for raising a further sum — I shall therefore, 
give no Orders, until I know that He does really bring — I hope, 
however, that the Vessel will not, on her arrival, be kept in port, 
an hour longer than may be necessary to fit her for such a Cruize, 
as, if successful, may compensate for what is past. 

Nothing material has happened, between Us and the Enemy, 
since the battle of Eutaw — their main body is, at present, in S*. 
Stephens Parish, at & about Murray's Ferry, & our Army is at 
this place. 

I enclose for your information, a Copy of a Proclamation which 
I Have lately issued. 

I am with great Regard 

y' most hble Serv* 
J : Rutledge — 

The Delegates of So. Carolina in Congress — 

High Hills of Santee Oct. 12. 1781. 

I wrote to you, some Time ago, by one Robert Patterson, rela- 
tive to a Schooner of his — I am now credibly informed, & verily 
believe, that he was not only an Addresser, (which he absolutely 
denied, alledging that another Man in C. Town, of the same name, 
was the person who subscribed the Address,) but that he was 


King's Pilot in Geo: Town, & is a very great Scoundrel — Had I 
known these Circumstances, before he went away, I sh*^. have 
put him into Goal, & applied his property, to the publick Use — 
but I gave so much Credit, to what he alledged, (& it really ap- 
peared reasonable, or, at least, very plausible,) that I suffer'd 
him to pass, believing him innocent — From what I then thought 
great Caution, I w^. not give him Bills for the vessell, untill I 
c*^. made Inquiry respecting him — I had no doubt, however, in 
my own Mind that he w*^ prove, as he professed himself, inno- 
cent — It seems he is otherwise — I give you this Intimation, that 
you need not expect any such Bills, as I men*^., in that letter, 
I w^. draw upon the Contingency therein stated & with a further 
View, that you sh"^., if you can, get him put into Goal, & his 
Property taken for the Benefit of this State — if this can be done, 
you will make the necessary Application, & take the proper Steps 
for that purpose — I am Gent, 

y*". very hble Ser*. 

J: Rutledge 

The Delegates of So. Carolina in Congress — 

P.S. Ab*. 20**'. our Types will not answer for a News Paper— 
which wd. be of great Service — they are mush too large, as you 
will see, by the inclosed Specimen — the press has been of great 
Use in printing Proclamations, Commissions, & Hand Bills — 
But, still, We sh*^. have a News-Paper" — We want however noth- 
ing but Type — the Press w''''. we have w*^. print half a Sheet on 
both Sides, & upon occasion (by taking up & re-setting the Types 
wch. w^. be only double Trouble) a whole, or 4 pages — therefore, 
We need not be at any add^ Expense for any Thing but Types — I 
request therefore, that you will, immediately, procure Types 
sufficient & proper, for the purpose above ment"^. & send 'em on 
as soon as possible — If we determine on calling an Assembly I 
shall (as soon as the Matter is fixed,) direct M^ Parker to bring 
on the publick papers which are in Maryland & he may bring 
the Types — But, the calling and Assembly may not perhaps take 

" This printing press when fully equipped was of great use in restoring 
civil Government to South Carolina. It is sometimes stated that General 
Greene had also a printing press, but there seems to be no foundation for this 


place very soon — therefore, don't delay the Matter on that Acco*., 
but, procure the Types, immediately, (not too small, & of the sev^ 
different proper Sizes, — w'^''. you can easily know from any Printer) 
& send them on, by the first good opportimity w'^'*. ofifers, (if any 
sh"*.) before M"". Parker comes — nothing new worth mentioning 
I expect M^ Gadsden & his Company in a day or two. — 

High Hills of Santee 
Nov. 22. 1781— 

No opportunity, from hence to Philad^., has offer 'd, for a long 
Time — Since my last, I have reC^. your favour of the 28t''. Sep'. — 
Comwallis's Surrender is a very important Affair, but, I am ex- 
ceedingly chagrined, & much disappointed, to find, that the French 
Fleet is not to proceed ag**. Cha*. Town — & that there is no pros- 
pect of any Attack on that place — I fear Clinton will soon re- 
inforce Leslie, (who lately arrived there, but without Troops,) & 
wish the Aid ordered hither from Virginia maybe sufficient to 
enable us to keep the greater part of the Country — 

I have issued Writs for Electing Members of the Legislature, 
on the 17*''. & 18*''. days of December, to meet at Camden,'^ on 
the S*''. Jany. 

It appears absolutely necessary, that one of you Gent, sh^, be 
here, by the Time the Assembly is to meet, & I hope you will, 
on rec*. hereof, agree which of you shall come & that he will set 
out, immediately afterwards — I expect the Legislature will meet 
punctually, & do not imagine they will sit long, as I suppose they 
will only take up the most urgent Business — your Letter of the 
28*''. Sep', alarms some Gent, of the Council very much — a per- 
sonal explanation is much wished for — For many purposes, the 
presence of one of our delegates,'^ as soon as the House meets, is 
absolutely necessary — 

A Quantity of Indigo is now on the Way to Philad*., on publick 
Account, &, probably, will arrive there, ab*. the Time this gets 
to Hand, or soon afterw'^' — a few Days ago I wrt these Questions 

" The meeting did not take place till January 18th at Jacksonborough. 

" The delegate who came on to attend the meeting of the Legislature was 
John Mathews, who was elected Governor, after General Christopher Gads- 
den had declined to ^erve. 


to the Lieu*. Gov^ & Council, for their Advice viz*. "1st. "To 
what Ammo*, shall be paid out of the Proceeds of this Indigo, to 
our Friends, who have been sent to Philad".? To whom, or under 
what descriptions particularly — & under whose Direction? — 
2 dly. whether any & what Sums shall be paid to our Delegates?" — 
Their opinions were "That the Assistance be extended only to 
"such as will come forward — that any Sum not exceeding two 
"hundred Silver Dollars be lent, on the State's Acco*. to equip 
"such as declare, upon honour, they intend immediately to come 
forward." & that this matter be under the "Direction of our Del- 
"egates" — "That our Delegates continue to receive, not exceed- 
"ing 200 Dollars pr. Month, from Congress, so long as that Allow- 
"ance is made them, but, should Congress refuse that Assistance, 
"then that they be allowed a Sum not exceeding 500 Dollars, 
"each, out of the Proceeds of the Indigo, which Sums, the dis- 
"tressed Situation of our State makes it absolutely necessary 
"that they be as economical of, as possible, letting the State 
"know, in Time, before it is all expended, that they may have a 
"fresh Supply sent, before wanted" — I have therefore desired 
Mr. Ross, to whom the Indigo is addressed, to pay a Sum not 
exceeding 200 Dollars, to each of our Inhabitants, now at Phil*., 
who really proposes coming on hither, immediately, & may have 
Occasion for Money, in whose favour you draw on him — &, that 
such persons may set off as soon as possible, I have desired Mr. 
Ross, to advance for this purpose, what money Mrs. Rutledge 
may not want, at present out of what may arise from Sale of some 
Indigo which I have sent to Philad^, for the Support of my Fam- 
ily — I have also directed him, to pay to each of our Delegates, 
who may apply to him for it, 500 Dollars — So that, if Congress 
sh^. refuse to continue the present Allowance, you may obtain the 
sum above-ment^. from M^ Ross — The Publick is intitled, by 
contract, to bring back 1000 W*., in each of the 19 Waggons, 
which are gone, with Indigo, to Phil*. — I have desired M''. Ross, 
to load 'em, with Sugar, & Coffee, & an Assortment of the most 
useful and necessary Medicines, after taking in what you may 
desire to send — We are in great want of Arms & Ammunition, for 
our Militia — I therefore request, that you will use your best 
Endeavours to obtain, from the Continental Magazine, on Acc°. 
of the State, & expressly for its Use, & subject to the order & dis- 
position of the Executive (to be used by the Militia) a good Sup- 


ply of Muskets, with Bayonets, & of Musket Powder & Lead — I 
have frequently mentioned to you, how destitute We are of these 
Articles — & how impossible it is to procure them here — of 190 
men, of Pickens's Brigade, now at Congaree, there are not above 
50 with Arms — The Brigadiers are continually crying out to me, 
for Arms & Ammunition— ^They are often without a single round 
pr Man — Some Times, indeed. We can get a little from the 
Continental Stock here, but, often, not a Grain, that being, in 
general, very scanty — you'U observe it is my Intention, to have 
this Supply on Acc°*. of, & charged to the State, for the Use of 
the Militia, & to be totally independent of & not subject to the 
Controul of the Cont'. Commanding Ofl&cer — If you cannot get 
it on these Terms, desire Mr. Ross to purchase 4000 W*. Lead — 
the same Quantity of Musket powder, & a Barrel of Flints, on 
" Acco*. of the State, & send 'em in some of the Waggons. 

I request, that you will not detain the Bearer, above a day or 
two at Philad*, that you will write to me, fully, by him, & let me 
know, which of you We may expect to see, at Camden, & when 
— Nothing material has happened here, since the Battle at Eutaw 
— The Gen^ writes to Congress by the Bearer, (whom I send 
Express,) I therefore refer you to the official dispatches, for 
military Informa'' — M"^. Ross is directed to apply the Surplus 
of Money w'=^. may arise from the Indigo, towards purchasing 
Cont^; Money, & sinking this State's Quota of it — I can't con- 
ceive it possible, that our Citizens have in their possession, the 
whole or even the greatest part, of our Quota, which I think, is 
Eighteen Millions of Cont^ Dollars nor do I understand whether 
you mean by "our citizens" persons who are now in C. Town, 
But with*, doubt, any who are in Philad*. sh*^. have an opportunity, 
if they, chuse to part with their paper, for other Money, at the 
same rate that We can get Cont^ money for, from others, to do so — 
you may easily find out what Amo*; our Friends there have, & 
get 'em accommodated in this respect — be pleased to confer with 
M'. Ross, on this point, in which, however, the greatest Secrecy, 
& good managem*. will, I hope, be observed — with respect to the 
Loan Office Certificates you mention, M"". Drayton wrote to me, 
lately, from Hillsborough that Mr. Gibbes left with him. Certificates 
filled up, (to be subject to my order) for 130,000 Dollars & blank 
Cert, for ab*. 500,000 — all of which were stolen, & carried off, 
by his Servant, who took every Thing he c"^. carry & went to the 


Enemy. I have appointed Major Barnwell, to Command a 
Brigade consisting of Hardens, Staffords, (formerly Gardens,) 
& Wilkinsons) (lately Hayne's) Regiments — 

I am with great Regard 
Gent. jt:, most obed*. Ser* 

J. Rutledge — 

P.S. Be pleased to give M"". Richard Hampton,^^ every assist- 
ance which may be proper, & necessary, for getting his Acco*". 
settled — & take the Trouble of enquiring, whether M"". Justice 
Burkes Trunk of Cloaths left at M^ Gadsden's is still at Phil"; 
& if it is have it sent on by one of the Waggons under Chisolme's 
Care — direct M''. Ross to send 20 Rheams of Paper — & the 
Types I wrote to you for some Time ago — If M^ Timothy does 
not come on w*^. his Press Paper types &c. 

P.S. Be pleased to send pr Bearer all such Resolves of Congress 
as it may be necessary to lay before our Legislature at their next 
Meeting — I have extended the time for granting Pardon, (on 
the Cond'*'. ment^. in my Proclam". of Sep',,) to such as have 
surrend*^., or as shall surrender, before the 17*^. of Dec'. — but I 
never expected much Good from it, & I expect less than Ever, 
when it shall be known that the French Fleet is not coming ag"*. 
C. T. — This is a cursed Affair — 

The Delegates of So. Carolina — 

Jacksonborough^^ Jany-29. 1782 
Gent. — 

The General Assembly met here, on the IS***. Instant — I gave 
them a Speech, & reC^. Addresses in Answer — ^all of which shall be 
forwarded to you, pr. Express, as soon as they are printed which 
they will be in a few days; the Printer is just going to work. I 

" A brother of Col. (afterwards Gen.) Wade Hampton. He commanded 
one of the regiments of "State Troops." 

1* Jacksonborough was the only place not in the hands of the British where 
the Legislature could assemble on the Coast. It contained according to the 
Diary of Lieut. Anthony Allaire, a British officer, which is printed as an ap- 
pendix to Draper's "Kings Mountain and its Heroes" (page 487) about "sixty 
houses" and he says "the most of the houses are very good." There were 
also a number of large warehouses for storing rice. General McCrady has 
fallen into error in stating that it was a village with "two or three small 
houses" (McCrady, 1780-1783, page 560). 


have some reason to believe that Manuscript Copies of those 
Papers will go, by this Conveyance, to Philadelphia — & as I 
imagine they are very incorrect, I request, that one of you will 
take the Trouble of sending to every Printer in the City, & desire 
that he will not publish any of 'em, but wait, untill you receive 
authentick Copies — w'=^ you soon will — The Assembly have been 
sitting every day since the 18*^ — & have rec"^. no Interruption 
from the Enemy — I hope they will give us none — Indeed I don't 
think they wiU attempt any — This day the Legislature pro- 
ceeded to the Choice of a Govemor^^ & Lieut*. Gov"". — Mr. Gadsden 
was elected Governor, but declined — Mr. Mathews" was then 
chosen Governor, & M''. Hutson Lieu*. Governor — they will 
qualify to Morrow — when the other Ofi&cers, of Councillors, 
Sheriffs, Ordinaries, Justices &c — will be chosen — FiUing up 
our Cont'. Line, a Militia Law, & an Act for confiscating some 
Estates, are the great points before the House, but, little Prog- 
ress is as yet made in them — Both Houses have voted Thanks, 
in the handsomest Manner, to Gen^ Greene & the House of Rep- 
resentatives nem, con. ord^. a Bill to be brought in, impowering 
the Executive to purchase an Estate, in this Country, of the 
Value of Ten Thousand Guineas, for him, in Return for his 
I am with great esteem Gent 

yr. most Obed*. Ser*. 

J: Rutledge 
The Delegates of So. Carolina 

1^ Under the Constitution of South Carolina of 1778 the Governor could not 
be re-elected. It was a misfortune to the State that he did not continue at 
the head of the Government till the end of the War. He was however chosen 
as a Delegate to the Continental Congress, where he took a leading part. The 
State of South Carolina is under great obligations to Gen. McCrady for 
setting out so clearly in his volumes covering the Revolutionary War the serv- 
ices of Siunter, Marion, Pickens, Harden and other State officers, but he has 
done scant justice to Governor Rutledge and the Continental officers. The 
writer of these notes can find no justification for his steady depreciation of the 
services of Gen. Greene, valued so highly by the patriots who were his 

^^ The Jacksonborough Assembly gave the same powers to Governor Mat- 
hews as had been given to Governor Rutledge, but the situation of the State 
did not require him to use them. 


Copied by Mabel L. Webber 

{Continued from the July Number) 

. . . . Daughter of Stephen & EHzabeth Hartley Born 
November y^: 27**^: 1732 ab*: 1 oClock. 
Samuel Son of Henry & Rebecca Bennett was Bom the Eight 

Day of March 1732 
William Son of Henry & Rebecca Bennett was Bom the 7*^: day 

of November 1732 
Anne Daughter of Cap*: George Logan & Martha his Wife was 
Bom July y^ 23^: 1734 & was Baptized by M^ ONeal Sept: y« 

1": 1734; 
Samuel, Son of Philip & Mary Oines was Bom September y*: 

Rebecca Daughter of Thomas & Mary Jones was Bom August 

^31'*: 1734. 
John Son of Captain Thomas Boone & Mary his wife was Bom 

ye:- of October and Baptized the 24**^: of Nov''. 1734 by the ReV^. 

M': 0:Neale. [Erased in the original]. 
Elizabeth Daughter of Joshua & Joan Wilks was Bom April the 

IQti': 1733 & Baptized July y«. 29*^. 1733— Registered Dec'. 7*''. 

Elizabeth Daughter of Moses and Mary Joy was Born, January 

r. 20*1^: 1733/4. 
John Son of Oliver Spencer and Rebecca his Wife was Bom July 

15*: 1734 & was Baptized 19 Jan^: 
Thomas Son of Tho': Hamlin & Martha his wife was Bom Feb- 
ruary 29: 1728: Leap Year. 
George Son of Tho'. Hamlin & Martha his wife was born y® 25*** 

March 1730. 
Martha Daighter of Tho": Hamlin & Martha his wife was bora 

y« 7*^: of June 1732 
Sarah Hamlin Daughter of Tho': Hamlin & Martha his wife was 

Bom y« 12 of July 1734. 



The Son of Elias & Mary Foissin Jun'": was Bom the 29: 

. J of December 1733 and Baptized Jan: 28: 1733 In Prince 

] George's parish by The Rev. Mr. Morritt. Reg: 8: 

[ March 1734. 

Jacob Bond the Son of Jacob Bond of Pohruan (?) in the County 

of Cornwall Kindgom of Great Britain, was married to Susanah 

the Daughter of David Maybank of the Parish of Christ Church 

in the Province of South Carolina on the second Day of 

August 1715. 


George Paddon Bond Son of Jacob Bond and Susanna his wife, 
was born October y^ 3P*. A.D. 1719, and was baptized the 9*''. 
of November following by Gilbert Jones Rector of Christ Church. 

Elizabeth Bond the Daughter of Jacob Bond and Susanna his wife 
was born the 2P*. of Janaury A.D. 1723; and was Baptized the 
21"*. of February following by the Reverend M'. Benjamine Pow- 
nell Rector of Christ Church. 

Susanna Bond the Daughter of Jacob Bond and Susanna his wife 
was bom the 25. of July 1724 and was baptized the 16*^. of 
august following by Benjamin Pownall the Rector of Christ 

Mary Bond the Daughter of Jacob Bond & Susanna his wife was 
bom June y^ 11*^. 1726 and was baptized the 28'''. day of June 
1728 By the Reverend M^ John Winterley the Society's Mis- 
sionary to Christ Church Parish. 

Anne Bond the Daughter of Jacob Bond and Susanna his wife 
was Bom the S***. of January 1728 and was Baptized the 28*'». 
of June following by the above Reverend Mr, John Winteley. 

Rebecca Bond Daughter of Jacob Bond & Susanna his wife was 
Bom the 7**^. of March & was Baptized Jime y«. 14**^, 1730 by 
the Reverend M'. Dyson Minister to his Majes*^ Independent 
Company at Port Royal, and Official at Christ Church during 
the vacancy of the said Parish. 

Sarah Bond Daughter of Jacob Bond & Susanna his wife was 
bom .... & was Baptized Dec^ y«. 25*'^.: 1732 by y. 
Rev*^. M^ Jn°. Fulton. 

Marian Daughter of William and Mary Barton was Bom the 
. . . . Day of ... . L736 and was Baptized on the 
13 day of June 1736. 


Joseph Son of Joseph and Anne Saverance was Bom the 12***. 

day of July 1736 and was Baptized the 10 day January by the 

Rev^: M'': Thomas Morritt. 
John Son of Rich"^: and Catherine Fowler was Born the 3*^: day 

of October Between the hours two and three in the Morning 

and Baptized January 11^. 1736/7. 
John Son of Tho": and Martha Hamlin was born 16*''. October 

Anno Domini 1736 
Nath^': Son of Alexander & Mary Frizele was Bom the 28*''. 

day of June Anno Domini 1727. 
Ely Son of Alex"^ & Mary Frizele was Born the 21: day of Jan- 
uary Anno Domini 1729. 
Alexander Son of Alex'': 8: Mary Frizele was Bom the 10 day of 

February 1731. 
Mary Daughter of Alex'': & Mary Frizele was Bom the 3: day of 

July Anno Domini 1734. 
William Son of Alexander and Mary Frizele was Bom the 7 day 

of December Anno Domini 1736. 
William Son of Joshua and Joan Wilks was Born 19*''. Octob: 

Anno Domini 1738 and Baptized 10 Jan: 1736/7. 
Joseph Son of Joseph & Ann Saverance was Bom July Anno 

Domini 1736 & Baptized lO*''. Jan^: 1736/7. 
Clement Son of Jonathan & Mary Milner was Bom thie .... 

Day of Nov^: 1736 & Bapt: y«: .... of ... . 
Moses Son of MoSte and Mary Joy wa« Born 22'': December 

Anno Domini 1736 & Bapt*: y«: 24 day of Feb: 1738/9. 
John, Son of Tho^• & Mary Jones was born 12 Aug*. 1736 and 

was bapt^: 30*'' Jan. 1736/7 by ReV. M^ Dwight. 
Elias Son of John and Mudlin Evans was Bom the 12 January 

Anno Domini 1732/3. 
Mary Daughter of Joseph and Sarah Spencer was Bom October 

y«: 16: 1732 and Baptized April 1737 on y**: 14 day. 
Sarah Daughter of Joseph and Sarah Spencer was Bom 31 of 

July Anno Dom: 1735— Reger'': April 16: 1737. 
Matthew Son of John & Jean Sarvants was Bom on the 29*'': of 

October Anno Domini 1731.° 
Mary the Daughter of Jn°: & Jean SarvantS was Bom on the 5*'': 

of October 1733. 
Elizabeth Daughter of Jn°: & Anne Leverick was bom 21: day of 

August 1729 


Mary [?] Dau: of John and Anne Leverick was Born 21 day 

Decmb^: 1736 & Bapt: 23: Jan: 1736/7. 
Benjamin Son of Richard and Catherine Fowler was bom 24 

december 1733. & chrisf^: Jan^: 24=^^. 
Richard Son of Thomas & Frances Goodall was Bom 27*^. of 

May 1737. and was Baptized on the 30 day of Jany. Richar 

Fowler & his wife Kath**. with Stephen Hartley stood as Suriety 

for the said Child. 
Jotham Son of John & Elizabeth Gibbens was Bom ll*''. day of 

October 1737 & Baptized; Stephen Hartly Thomas Bennett & 

Elinor Newton, Surities. 
Stephen Son of WiUian and Mary Joy, was Bom .... day 

of .... & Baptized, Stephen Hartley Joseph White and 

Elizabeth Hartley, Surities. 
Anne Daughter of Thomas and Anne Bennett was Bom Janry: 

11: 1734 & Christ: May 11: 1735. Stephen Hartley Anne 

Severance wife of Jn°. S. and Elinor Newton Surities. 
John, Son of Benj: & Elizabeth Joy was Bom the 9: of Feby: 1737/8 

Bapt^. the 16 April 1738. 
John Son of Alexander Parris Jun. & EUzabeth his wife was born 

fryday Decemb^ 12*^. 1734 at 8 Clock. 
Benjamin, Son of Charvil & Mary Wingood was Bom the 14 

Feby. 1737/8, and was Baptized April following by the Re\^. 

M'. Thos». Morritt. 
Sarah, Daughter of Capt. Saml. Wigfall & Catherine his Wife was 

Bom July 4 Anno Domini 1730 & Baptized 

Samuel, Son of Capt. SamJ. Wigfall & Catherine his Wife was 

Born December 13 Anno Domini 1731 and Baptized, .... 
William, Son of Capt. Saml. Wigfall & Catherine his Wife was 

Bom March 26 Anno Domini 1733 — and Baptized, .... 
Joseph, Son of Capt. Saml. Wigfall & Catherine his Wife was 

Bom Nov''. 26 Anno Domini 1734 and was Baptized, .... 
John, Son of Capt. Saml. Wigfall & Catherine his wife was Bom 

Aprill 17*. 1736 and was Baptized, .... 
Catherine, Dauglker of Capt. Saml. Wigfall & Catherine his 

Wife was Bom Sept', y^. 7*'^. 1737 & Baptized, .... 
Richard Son of Edward & Elizabeth Haselwood was Bom Sep. 

5^. Anno Domini 1738 & Baptized Nov': 26: 1738. per the 

Rev: M'. Rob*. Small. 


John, Son of M"^. Edmund and Susannah Morraine was bom the 

16*^' Jany: 1737/8 and Bapt. Nov'. 26. 1738 per the Revd. M'. 

Robert Small, 
Johji Son of M', George Oliver and Mary his wife was bom the 

13 day of Nov'. 1733 & Baptized. 
Hester Daughter of Jn°. and Mary Bennett was Born the 21"*. of 

April 1737 and Bapt. by the Rev. Robert Small 
Mag^. Elizabeth, Daughter of Stephen Hartley & Elizabeth his 

Wife was Bom 16 day of November 1738 being Thursday morn- 
ing about 2 oClock, and was Baptized by the Rev"^. M'. Rob. 

SmaU. Dec: 24. 1738. 
Jonathan Son of Richard and Katherine Fowler was Bom the 

6***. of November 1738 and Baptized the 25*'». day of December 

by Y«. Rev: M'. Small. 
Marthk Daughter of Nathaniel & . . . . Burt was Born 

the 20. of October 1736 and Baptized by the Reverend M'. 

Thomas Morritt. 
Sarah, Daughter of W™. & Elizabeth Cook was Bom the 10 day 

of June 1737 and Baptized in April following by the Rev. M"". 

Robert, Son of Robert and Elizabeth Darrile was bom the 29. of 

Sept. 1737 and Baptized in April following by the Rev. Mr. 

Thomas Morritt. 
Samuel Bullock the son of Samuel & Elizabeth Bullock was Bom 

May y« 23'*. 1739 & Baptized August 19. 1739 by the Rev^. M'. 

William the son of Thomas & Martha Hamlin, was bom October 

9. A.D. 1738. 
Richard Son of WiUiam & Patience EUiott, was bom October 

23d. A.D. 1738 Baptized July 14. 1739. Sureties Stephen 

Hartley, Richard Tookerman & Catherine Fowler. 
John, the son of John & Sarah Hollybush, was bom July 29th 

A,D. 1739 & Baptized on the .... day of ... . 

by the Rev 

Elizabeth the Daughter of John & Elizabeth Barton, was bom 

March y*. 20. A.D. 1739 & Baptized. 

* From here there are several items missing from the old register, and Mr. 
Cheves' copy is followed. 


Elizabeth the Daughter of NatW. & Elizabeth Burt, was bom 

on the 9. August 1739 & Baptized. John son of Nathaniel & 

Priscolla Arthur was bora July 1739 
William the son of Joseph & Ann Saverance was bom May 30th 

. . . . Son of Elias & Mary Foissin was bom November 26. 

A,D. 1738 & Baptized by the Rev^. M^ Small May 13. 
. . . . Daughter of Joseph & Sarah Spencer was bom March 

the 3. 1738/9. 
Ann Daughter of Oliver & Rebecca Spencer, was bom October 

28*'^. A.D. 1739 and Baptized 
Richard, the son of Moses & Mary Joy was bom September 4**^. 

Anno Domini 1739. 
Bellamy, the son of Daniel & Sarah Crawford was bom October 

18. A.D. 1739 
Elizabeth, the Daughter of Joseph and Ann Spencer was bom 

April r- !"*• 1739. 
Mary, Illegitimate Daughter of Mary Cahill, was Born Sepf. 

25. 1738 at Islington Plantation of Col. Alex.'' Parris being 

Monday moming.- 
Peter Son of Peter and Rebecca Ryea wap bom January 1"*. 

1738/9 and Baptized by the ReV^. M'. Rob*. Small. 
Elizabeth Daughter of John and Mary Metheringham was bom 

Jany., 8. 1738/9 and Baptized by the ReV^. M'. Rob*. Small 

on y«. 21«*. of Mar: following. 
Simes, Son of James and Sarah White was Bom Jany. the 16*^. 

1738/9 and Baptized by y^. Rev. Mr. Robt. Small Y^ Feby. 

Benj°. Son of Thomas and Mary Barton was Bom Jan. 20. 1738/9 

and Baptized by the Rev. M'. Robert Small August y*. 12: 

. . . . Son of Thomas and Rebecca Player was Born Jany. 

20. 1738/9. 
Jonas, Son of Jona & Sarah Eden was Bom 13 day of September 

1738, and Baptized on the first day of Feby. by the Rev*^. M'. 

Rob*. Small. 

* From here the old register is followed. This entry refers to Alexander, 
the son of Col. Alexander Parris; St. Helena's register gives the birth of this 
child as the natural daughter of Alex. Parris, and his marriage to the said 
Mary Cahill on June 15, 1741. 


Mary, Daughter of John and Mary Turner was bom on the first 

day of July Anno Domini L738 and Baptized by the Rev'^, M'. 

Rob*. Small April 4**^. 
John, Son of John and Sarah Whitesides was bom 23'^. Jany. 

Anno Domini 1738/9 and Baptized. 
Thomas Son of John and Anne Saverance was bom on the S**". 

of Feby. 1738/9 and Baptized on the ... . day of 

.... by the ReV^. M'. Small. 
WiUiam, Son of Richard & Elizabeth Rouser was bom on the 4 

day of March 1735. 
William Son of Thomas and Anne Bennett was bom on the 15 

day of September Anno Domiiii 1738, and Baptized on the 10 

day Qf Dec', by the Rev: M'. Small. 


Susanna Bennett the Daughter of John Bennett Departed this 
Life y. 29*^. Day of August 1728. 

Solomon Givens the Son of Jn". Givens Departed this Life y*. 
5^^. Day of October 1728. 

Mary Givens the Wife of John Givens Departed this Life y*. 29*'>. 
Day of September 1728. 

Mary Caillabeuf the Wife of Isaac Caillabeuf Departed this Life 
y 5*^. day of October 1728. 

These are to certifie that Rich'*. Son of Jonathan Fowler by Mar- 
tha, his Wife was Baptized in the Parish of St. Bridget at 
Brides London on the 13*^. day of March A.D. 1705/6 as ap- 
pears by the Reg', belonging to the said Parish. Witness my 
hand lO**^. Aug*. A.D. 1727 J. P. Stannard Curate— W". Mobley 

N:B: The above is a true Copy Compared from the original 

S. Hartley. Reg. 
{To be continued) 


(August 1778 to May 1780) 

{Continued from the July Number) 

Head Quarters, CharlesTown 
March 8th 1780. Parole. C. S. 

G. O. for tomorrow Brig'. GenK Hogan. 
F. O. L*. Col". Henderson. 

B. M. Major Hogg. 

For two Days Guard to be paraded tomorrow at Troop beating 
with two Days Provisions cooked 1. Capt. 2 Sub^. 3 Serj*'. 3 
Corp'-. & 50 Privates. 

B. O. Capt. Kingsberry of the Artillery is to take Charge of 
the Battery on the right of Gen^ Hogan's Brigade w'=^. he will 
consider as his post in case of an Alarm from the South End of 
the Town — In case of an Alarm from the Lines L*. Col°. Grimke 
& the whole of the Cont'. ArtiUery to take post in the two new 
Batteries on the right of the Lines — Major Grimball's Batf*. in 
the flanking Battery left of the Lines — Major Darrell's Compy. 
of Cannoniers to the heavy Ordnance on Lines to the right of the 
Horn- Work & left of the Marquis de Bretagne's Redoubt — Capt 
Stiles's Compy. to the heavy Ordnance on the Lines to the left 
of the Horn Work. 

A Commiss'*. Ofi&cer & 20 Men from Major Grimball's Batt°. 
& one Com^. OflScer & 20 Men of Major Darrell's Company to 
be paraded to the Ordnance on the Horn-Work. 

Officers commanding Posts will see that they have the neces- 
sary Stores & Ammunition for their Guns & report to Col°. 
Grimke what may be wanting — 50 Rounds of Round Shot for 
each Gun of the heavy Ordnance and a proportion of Grape. 
9Th. Parole. C. S. 

B. G. for tomorrow. Gen'. Lilington. 
One Serjt., 1 Corp'. & 30 Privates are to be paraded at Head 
Quarters immediately for Command — ^A trusty Serjt. from Gen'. 



Hogan's Brigade will relieve the Orderly at the Gaol to be relieved 
weekly by the Contl Brigades. 

The two Companies of the Colleton County Reg*, of Militia 
commanded by Capts. Matthews & Wilson & the Comp^. of the 
Berkley County Regt. of Militia commanded by Lieut. Mitchell 
are immediately to go to Fort Moultrie, the Senior Officer present 
will take the Command of the three Companies imtil they arrive 
at Sullivan's Island. 

The Q. M. G. on application will furnish Boats to carry them 

One hundred Men of the No. Carolina Militia to be paraded 
for fatigue at the Q. M. G.'s immediately with a Field Officer to 
command them. 

Col. Clark is appointed Prest. & Lieut. Lowe of the Georgia 
Brigade a Member of the Court Martial now sitting vice Lt. Col. 
Laurens & Capt. Cowen. 

Thirty Men from Gen^ Lilington's & 10 from Col. Hick's 
Brigade properly officered to be paraded for fatigue immediately 
at the Q. M. G.'s. 

Four Capt's. 8 Subs. 8 Serjts. 8 Corpls. & 150 privates to be 
paraded with one days provisions cooked at Guard mounting. 

The Commissary will order 7 days Rations for 190 Men to be 
sent with the above command. 

The Court Martial will meet tomorrow Morn^. at nine oClock 
at Col. Lytles Quarters. 

For Conmiand to be paraded at 4 oClock this Afternoon 5 
Subs. 5 Serj & 130 Men, they will parade at the State house. 

The Gen^. Court Martial of which Major Lewis was pres*. 
have reported — Cap*. L*. Gorget of the So. Carolina Cont^ Ar- 
tillery, arrested by Major Mitchell for making a false and im- 
proper Return of the Company he commands — ^Acquitted — 
The Genl. approves the sentence & orders Capt. Lt. Gorget to 
join his Reg*. — Cap*. L*. Wilson of the South CaroUna Con*. 
Artillery arrested by Major Mitchell for making a false and im- 
proper Return of the Company he commanded — Acquitted — 
The Gen^ approves the Sentence & orders Cap*. L*. Wilson to 
join his Regiment. Capt. Lieut. Tate of the So. Carolina Cont. 
Artillery arrested by Major Mitchell for making a false & im- 
proper return of the Company he commanded — found guilty of 


having made an illegible Return & sentenced to be reprimanded 
by the Commanding Officer of the Corps to which he belongs — 
The Gen^ approves the Sentence & orders Capt. Lt. Tate to be 
reprimanded agreeable to the Sentence of the Court tomorrow 
Morning at Roll Calling — Capt. Lt. Budd of the So. Carolina 
Con*^ Artillery arrested for making a false return of the Com- 
pany under his Command — Acquitted with Honour — The Genl. 
approves the Sentence & orders Capt. Lt. Budd to join his 

George McCarty a private of the 3^. No. Carolina Cont. Batt. 
charged with Desertion; found guilty and sentenced to receive 
100 Lashes on the bare back with switches. 

Joseph Robinson a private in Col°. Heth's Batt°. charged with 
sleeping on his post as a Centinel — found guilty & sentenced to 
receive 50 Lashes on the bare back. The Genl. approves both 
these Sentences, but considering the alarming Consequences 
which may result from a Sentinels sleeping at his post at a time 
when the utmost Vigilance & Alertness are required, he is sorry 
he can remit only the former punishment — ^the latter he orders 
to be put in Execution tomorrow Morning at Guard mounting. 

For the Command ordered this Morning to march tomorrow 
Col. Clarke Col. Patten Pres. of the Court Martial vice Col. 

R. O. The Reg*. wiU parade tomorrow Mom.e. at Eleven 
oClock precisely before their Encampment. 
10th. Parole. C. S. 

B. G. for tomorrow Gen^ Hogan. 

F. O. L*. Col, Hamerwright. 

B. M. Major Lewis. 

The Regt. of Cont^ Artillery will furnish an Officer for the Court 
Martial now sitting in the room of Lt. Lowe who is sick. 

B. O. Officers who have the Command of Posts to have the 
following necessary Stores for heavy Ordnance to be always kept 
on & near the Platform. 




Staves with Sponges & Rammers . . . 

d.°. with Ladle 

d°. with Wadhook 


Lintstocks (charged) 

Powder Horns (charged) 

Prickers & Bitts (setts) 

Budge Barrells 

Ammunition Chests 

Tubs & Swabs 


Aprons of Lead 

Tomkins with Collars 

Match Rope (fathoms) 


r Coins 1 put in Store 1 
\ Lintstocks J of each J 
In Store at hand for heavy Ordnance. 

2 Staves with Sponges & Rammers . . 

4 Fathoms of Match rope 

2 Lintstocks 

1 Sett Prickers & Bits 

1 Sheep Skin 

1 Lanthom 

1 Coin 

20 lb. of Candles 
1 Searcher & Reliever 
1 Iron Crow Bar 

100 Roimds of Wadding per Gun 
For Brass Artillery Field & Line Pieces. 

100 Rd». of Round & Case Shot fixt 

130 Tin Tubes charged 
50 portfires 

1 Spare Traversing handspike 

2 Setts Dragg Ropes 
2 Setts Mens Harness 


. 1 

. 2 
. 1 

To each 

To each 

To each 

Every two 

k Each Battery 

Each Gun 

Sponges, rammers, Ladles, Wadhooks, priming Wires & Bitts 
same as for heavy Ordnance. 


Weekly Returns due, are expected without delay. 

Gentlemen of the Brigades & other proprietors of Negroes who 
are willing & fit for the Service are requested to make a Return of 
their names & Characters by 12 O'Clock this Day to the Com- 
manding Of&cer of the Brigade. — They will be paraded before 
his door at 4 o'Clock this Afternoon to be appraised, InroUed & 
receive their Bounty. 

G. O. For fatigue to be paraded at the Q. M. G'S immediately 
60 Men from Gen^ Hogan's, 46 from Colonel Parker's, 80 from 
Gen^ Lillington's & 20 from Col. Hick's Brigade with Ofi&cers 
to command them. 

E. O. The Re. will parade this Afternoon instead of the Hour 
appointed this Morning — The Adj*. will inform Capt". Kings- 
berry & Templeton of the above Orders. 

A Court Martial to sit immediately for the Trial of all 

(To be continued) 



The church commonly called Sheldon Church was really the 
Parish Church of the Parish of Prince William, This parish was 
laid off as a separate and distinct parish in 1745. It formed a 
part of what was then Granville Coimty and after the Revolution 
it fell into that part of Granville County which was reconstituted 
as Beaufort County. The groimd on which the church edifice 
was constructed appears to have been given by Landgrave Ed- 
mund Bellinger (the 2°*^ Landgrave of the name) off of his To- 
motley Barony. It was constructed on land adjacent or very 
near to the Sheldon plantation of Lieutenant Governor Wilham 
Bull from which presumably the name commonly applied to the 
church. The date of first construction is uncertain but apparently 
it must have been practically finished by 1753 for in that year 
an Act was passed authorizing the Commissioners to sell the 
pews. Prior to the revolution the congregation was quite large 
for according to Dalcho at that time seldom less than 60 or 70 
carriages of various descriptions were seen at the church on 
Sunday. A feature of the time mentioned by Dalcho was that 
Stephen Bull the son of the first and brother of the second Lieu- 
tenant Governor WiUiam Bull and who lived at Sheldon planta- 
tion usually invited as his guests on Sunday the more substantial 
part of the congregation, whilst his Overseer by his direction and 
at his expense entertained the rest. 

The chiirch building was destroyed by fire by the British 
under General Prevost in his advance against Charles Town in 
1779. It remained in ruins until 1829 when it was rebuilt but 
in 1865 the church was again destroyed by fire by the invading 
army under Sherman. Since the last destruction it has never 
been rebuilt. The outside walls and the columns of the front 
portico still stand. 

Its ruins and the old graveyard surrounding them are on the 
road from Port Royal Ferry to Purysburg about two miles west 
of Garden's corner and about four east of the station on the 
Charleston and Western Carolina Railroad called Sheldon. The 



following inscriptions on the tombstones in the old graveyard 
were copied by Richard W. Hutson Esq the present clerk of the 
United States District Court.^ 

In memory of / John Maxwell Chisolm / who departed this 
life / on the 5th July 1848 / aged fifty years 1 month / 26 days / 

To the memory of / Mrs. Sarah Glaze Chisolm / who died on 
the 10th / day of February 1815 / Et. 43 years / also her three 
children / George E 18 months / Jane E 8 years / Alfred E 5 
years / 

Here lies interred / the remains of / William Maxwell Chisolm / 
who died on the 3rd / of October 1804 / aged 8 years / 

Here lies the remains of / Thomas Chisolm / who died on the 
5th of July / 1801 / aged 14 months / also James Chisolm who / 
died on the 16th July 1801 / 

To the memory of / Dr Alexander Robert Chisolm / eldest son 
of Robert Chisolm / who died on the 27th October 1827 / in the 
33rd year of / his age./ 

Beneath this stone / lie the remains of / Ann Drayton / who 
died in the year 1766 in the 27th year of her age / Her exercise of 
every domestic / virtue as wife as mistress / as friend / (she 
aspired no higher) / Claimed this monument / of / his conjugal 
affection / and grief for her loss / from her sorrowing husband / 
Stephen Drayton./ 

[Coat of Arms] 

Here lie the remains of / John Bull / youngest son of Stephen 
Bull / one of the Deputies of the Lords / Proprietors of Caro- 
lina / he died August the 16th 1767 / aged 74 years / 

Martha D. Ferguson / died the 25th November 1840 / aged 
one year and / 9 days / "And of such is the kingdom of 
/ Heaven."/ 

Mrs. Martha Jenkins /Wife of Micah Jenkins / January 
1857 / How loved, how valued, once, avails us not. / 

Sacred to the memory of / Mary M. Smith / ob. January 1st. 
1795 aged 29 years / Lo where this silent marble weeps / A friend, 
a wife, a mother sleeps, / A heart within whose sacred cell / The 
peaceful virtues loved to dwell / Affection warm and faith sincere / 

1 The above historical sketch by Judge Henry A. M. Smith. 


And soft Humanity warm were there /In agony in death resigned / 
/She felt the wound she left behind./ 

Sacred to the memory of / Thomas M. WiUiams / who departed 
this life / the 26th December 1851 / aged 53 years, 3 months & 
6 days / I shall go to him, but he shall not return to me. / 

Sacred to the memory of / Ephraim Mikell / Makay / . . . 
(remainder of inscription buried). 

Sacred to the memory of / Mrs. Mary Gowen / who departed 
this life / December 24 1813 / aged 63 years / 

In memory of / Ann Blake Heyward / who died 14th April 
1840 / aged 6 years and 8 months / 

Sacred to the memory of / Dr. Edward Neufville Chisolm / 
Son of Alexander Robert Chisolm / who was bom on the 14th 
February 1805 / and died / on the 1st September 1836 / 

Within this tomb lie the remains of / Mary Bull wife of John 
Bull / a much beloved and lamented parent / who died Septem- 
ber 1771 / aged 69 years / 

Under this lies the body / of Mary Middleton / a pious Chris- 
tian / an affectionate wife / a tender mother a dutiful / daugh- 
ter and a sincere friend / Wife of Thomas Middleton / and 
second daughter of / Jno Bull Esq and / Mrs. Mary Bull / of 
this Parish / but / how loved how valued once avails / thee not 
To whom related /^ or by whom begot A heap of dust alone re- 
mains of thee / Tis all thou art, all the Proud / shall be / She 
died February the 2nd 1760 in the 37th year of her age / 

Evelyn / infant son of / C. E. & Mary Leverett / died August 
1849 / Not lost — only gone before / 

Stephen Habersham / son of / Stephen & Charlotte Elliott / 
bom March 11. 1856 / died Sept 8 1862 / 

Sacred to the memory of / Henry M. Fuller / bom January 19 
1835 / died Sept 23 1890 / 

Sacred to the memory of / Dr William Fuller / Son of Wm 
& M L Guerard Fuller / died July 14 1902 / aged 73 years / 

In memory of Anna W./ wife of Dr W Fuller / who died / June 
2 1887 / aged 56 years / and her two sons W H and John / Steel 
who died in 1867 / 



Sacred to the memory of / Daniel Heyward Esqr / who de- 
parted this life / the 8th November 1831 / aged twenty four / 
years / lamented by his relatives / and acquaintances / lament 
(stone broken) his affectionate widow. 

In memory of Mrs. Rebecca / Saltus who departed / this life 
the 28th / March 1832 / aged 61 years. 

[Heyward Lot] 

In memory / of / James Cuthbert Heyward / who died May 
1851 / in the 6th year of his age / 

In memory of Charlotte Hanckel / wife of Allan S. Hanckel / 
died February 21st. A D' 1860 /in the 22nd year of her age/ 
"And they shall be mine saith / the Lord of Hosts in that day / 
when I make up my jewels / Mai. Ill XVII./ 

In memory of / John Heyward / second son of / Daniel & 
Anna Heyward /who died July 1844 /in the fifth year of his 
age / I'll weep no tears upon the grave / where lies my darling 
out of sight / God has but taken what He gave / And made my 
child a seraph bright / He early tastes the promised bliss / And 
shall I, can I, weep for this / 

In memory / of / Daniel Heyward / (planter) / bom April 8th 
1810 /died Sept 27 1888 / And now Lord what is my life?/ 
Truly my hope is even in Thee / 

In memory of Ann BuU Heyward / wife of Daniel Heyward / 
who died / October 4th 1851 in the 38th year / of her age / 


Compiled by Mabel L, Webber 
(Continued from the July Number) 

This morning died, in an advanced age, after a long and tedious 
indisposition, William Harvey, Esq; of this City (Wednesday, 
March 10, 1784) 

Lately married at Indian Land, Mr. Philip Givens to Miss 
Sally Stone, of the same place. (Ibid.) 

Wednesday morning died, on his passage from Pon Pon to this 
City, Dr. Matthew Kennedy. (Saturday, March 13, 1784) 

Thursday morning last died, after an illness of only two days, 
in the bloom of life, Mrs. Jane Walter, consort of John Alleyne 
Walter, Esq; and only daughter of Dr. David Oliphant, of this 
City. Her remains were decently interred this morning at- 
tended by a number of respectable inhabitants. (Ibid) 

Thursday was married at Edisto, Mr. Hugh Wilson, to Miss 
Joanna Rippon, only child of Isaac Rippon, Esq; of that place. 

Yesterday morning died, after a long illness, aged 44 years, 
Capt. William Bull, of Newport, Rhode-Island. His remains 
were decently interred this forenoon in the Independent Church 
Yard. (Wednesday, March 17, 1784.) 

A few days ago was married at Beaufort, Mr. John M'Kee to 
Miss Margaret Johnson, daughter of Mr. John Johnson. (Sat- 
urday, March 20, 1784.) 

Thursday last Mr. John Hume was married to Miss Mary 
Mazyck, daughter of the deceased William Mazyck, Esq; of this 
city. (Wednesday, March 24, 1784.) 

Monday morning died, in this city, Major Anthony Ashby, a 
Member of the General Assembly of St. John's Parish. (Ibid) 

Yesterday died, much regretted by all who knew him, Mr. John 
McCullough, a worthy, honest man. (Ibid.) 

Thursday morning died, after a lingering indisposition, in the 
23**. year of his age, Mr. Isaac Chalmers, eldest son of the de- 



ceased Dr. Lionel Chalmers, of this city, and yesterday forenoon 
his remains were deposited in the family vault in St. Philip's 
Church-yard. (Saturday, March 27, 1784.) 

Married.] Mr. Jesse Jones to Mrs. Margaret Prioleau, widow 
of the deceased Mr. Hext Prioleau. (Ibid.) 

Yesterday, departed this life, after a long and tedious illness, 
which she bore with examplary patience, Mrs. Martha William- 
son, Consort of William Williamson, Esq; of this city — Her re- 
mains were decently interred this forenoon in St. Michael's 
Church-yard, attended by a great number of respectable people. 
Wednesday, March 31, 1784. 

Thursday last was married at Santee, Mr. Elias Vanderhorst, 
to Miss Sally Withers, only child of Mr. Richard Withers, of that 
place. (Saturday, April 3, 1784.) 

Sunday morning died Capt. James Mackenzie — and on Mon- 
day Capt. George Cross, both of this City. (Ibid.) 

Saturday last died, in the 19th year of his age, after a lingering 
illness, Mr. Algernoon-Sidney Ash, youngest son of the deceased 
Mr. Richard Cochran Ash. 

On Sunday died, in her 29th year, Mrs. Ann Burton, wife of 
Capt. Isaac Burton. 

On Monday died, in the 42d year of his age, much regretted 
by all who had the pleasure of his acquaintance, Mr. Richard 
Walter, Merchant of this City. (Wednesday, April 7, 1784.) 

Last evening was married in Christ Church Parish, Mr. Hugh 
Rose, to the amiable Miss Susannah Read, daughter of the de- 
ceased Read Esq: of the State of Georgia. (Ibid.) 

This day died, in an advanced age, Mrs. Dupont, wife of Gideon 
Dupont, sen. esq. (Saturday, April 10, 1784.) 

Last Sunday night died, after a short illness, in the 58th yea< 
of her age, much lamented by her friends & acquaintances, Mrs. 
Ehzabeth Ash, widow of the deceased Cato Ash, Esq; of this city. 
Her remains were decently interred on Monday evening in the 
Independent Church-yard, (Wednesday, April 14, 1784.) 

Last Thursday evening Mr. John Dewees was married to Miss 
Sally Baddeley, youngest daughter of the deceased Mr. John 
Baddeley of this city. 

The same evening, Mr. George Elfe was married to Miss Nancy 
Edwards, daughter of the deceased M"". W"". Edwards, Saddler, 
also of this City. (Saturday, April 17, 1784.) 


Lately died in Savannah, the Rev. John Holmes, who ofl5- 
ciated as Rector of Christ Church in that place. (Ibid.) 

Thursday last was married at Santee Joseph Glover, Esq; 
(son of the deceased Col. Joseph Glover) to Miss Betsy Jeanette, 
daughter of the deceased Capt. John Jeanerette. (Wednesday, 
April 21, 1784.) 

Friday last died, after a Ungering illness, Mrs. Tew, wife of 
Mr. George Tew, of this City. (Ibid.) 

Thursday week Mr. John Bradwell, on his way home to Dor- 
chester, in a schooner, was taken in a fit, and expired imme- 
diately. (Saturday, April 24, 1784.) 

Thursday evening last Mr. Richard Humphrey, of Philadel- 
phia, was married to Miss Sally Budd, a young Lady of beauty 
and merit, and eldest daughter of Dr. John Budd of this City. 

The same evening was married at Archdale Seat on Ashley river, 
Mr. William Branford, to Miss Polly Baker, daughter of the de- 
ceased Richard- Bohiun Baker, Esq. (Ibid.) 

The same day was married at St. James's, Santee, Mr. John 
Blake of that place to Miss Polly Jeanerette, daughter of Capt. 
Jacob Jeanerette. (Ibid.) 

Last Thursday was married at Beaufort, Mr. Daniel-John 
Greene, Merchant, to Mrs. Elizabeth Adams, widow of the de- 
ceased Mr. David Adams, of Beaufort. (Wednesday, April 28, 

The same day was also married at Beaufort, Mr. Richard 
Ellis, to Miss Elizabeth Greene. (Ibid.) 

A few days ago was married at Georgetown, Mr. Robert Sim- 
ons, of that place, to Miss Mary White, daughter of the late Mr. 
Anthony Martin White. (Ibid.) 

Married.] On Tuesday, at Georgetown, Mr. George Ford, of 
Waccamaw, to Miss Kitty Wayne, daughter of M'. W™. Wajoie 
(Wednesday, May 5, 1784.) 

Died.] At St. Thomas's, where he went for the recovery of 
his health, Dr Hyrne, of this City. 

Last Monday, at Edisto, William Maxwell, Esq. His remains 
were brought to this City, and interred yesterday in the Scotch 
Presbyterian Church-yard. (Ibid.) 

Thursday last was married at John's Inland, Alexander Gar- 


den, Esq; only son of Dr. Alexander Garden, formerly of this 
city) to the amiable Miss Ann Gibbes, only child of the deceased 
Robert Gibbes Esq. (Saturday, May 8, 1784) 

The same day died, after a lingering indisposition, William 
Parker, Esq; one of the treasurers of this State, much regretted 
by his family and friends. (Ibid) 

This morning died, in the bloom of life, after enduring a long 
and tedious illness with christian patience and resignation, Mrs. 
Sarah Pinckney, Lady of Charles Cotesworth Pinckney, Esq; 
and daughter of the Hon. Henry Middleton, Esq. (Ibid.) 

Died.] Mrs. Margaret Cook. — Mr. John Mensing, son of the 
late Philip Mensing. — Mr. Benjamin Wheeler, Cabinetmaker. — 
Of the Sore-throat, a son of Mr. John Alleyne Walter. (Ibid.) 

Thursday died, in this City, after a long illness, Mrs. Sarah 
Thomas, wife of Mr. William Thomas, of Peedee. (Wednesday, 
May 12, 1784.) 

Thursday was married at Stono, Lieut. Campbell, of the 63rd 
British regiment, to Miss Betsey Smith, daughter of the deceased 
Thomas Loughton Smith, Esq; of this City. (Ibid) 

Saturday last married at Beaufort, Mr. Benjamin Buch6, to 
Miss Agness Given, yoimgest daughter of Mr. John Given, of 
that place. (Ibid.) 

Last Thursday (and not before, as lately mentioned) was mar- 
ried at John's Island, Alexander Garden, Esq; to the amiable Miss 
Ann Gibbes, daughter of Robert Gibbes, Esq. (Saturday, May 
15, 1784) 

Yesterday morning died, in this City, Mrs. Sarah Stevens, 
wife of Mr. Cotton — Mather Stevens, late of New-England. — 
Her remains were decently interred this forenoon in the Inde- 
pendent Church-yard. (Ibid.) 

This morning died, in this City, Mr. Ebenezer Roche, of St. 
Thomas's Parish. (Ibid.) 

Married.] In this City, Mr. Sanders Glover, to Miss Lydia 
Tucker, only daughter of the deceased Capt. Thomas Tucker. — 
Capt. John Addison, of Georgetown, to Miss Samson Ralph 
daughter of Mr. John Ralph. — Mr. Archibald Carson, to Miss 
Elizabeth Ross, widow of the deceased Mr. James Ross. — In 
St. Paul's Parish, Mr. James Legare, of John's Island, to Miss 
Mary Wilkinson, daughter of the deceased Wilkinson, Esq. — 


In St. Bartholmew's Parish, Mr. George Smith, to Miss Mary 
Smith. — In St. Thomas's Parish, Mr. James M'Knight, of Prince 
Frederick's Parish, to Miss Kezia Addison, daughter of the de- 
ceased Mr. Thomas Addison, of St. Thomas's Parish. 

Died.] In this City, much regretted by her friends and ac- 
quaintances, Mrs. Sarah Lemprier, widow of the deceased Capt. 
Clement Lempriere. — At Wiltown, Miss Jane Stobo, daughter of 
the deceased James Stobo, Esq. (Wednesday, May 19, 1784.) 

Mr. John Garden (son of the late Rev. Mr. Garden, of St 
Thomas's) .... passenger on board Capt. Strong's ves- 
sel [from Philadelphia]; just off Lewis-Town, was taken in a fit, 
which immediately put a period to his existence. — His remains 
were interred at Lewis Town. — His death is much regretted by 
his friends and acquaintances. (Saturday, May 22, 1784.) 

Died.] At the Congarees, Mrs. Hampton, wife of Colonel 
Wade Hampton. (Ibid.) 

Sunday last died, at John's Island, in the 49th year of his age, 
William Stanyame, Esq. (Wednesday, May 26, 1784.) 

Yesterday morning died, after a lingering illness, which he 
endured with patience and fortitude, Mr. Philotheos Chiffelle, 
Merchant, of this City, whose death is much regretted by all 
those who had the pleasure of his acquaintance. (Ibid.) 

Thursday last was married at Jacksonborough, Mr. Francis 
Forgatt, Merchant, to Miss Maty Culliatt, daughter of the late 
Mr. Adam Culliatt. (Saturday, May 29, 1784.) 

Yesterday morning died, in this City, Mr. John Maromet, 
Saddler. (Ibid.) 

Yesterday morning died, in child-bed, much regretted by her 
numerous relations and acquaintances, Mrs. Sarah Bee, the ami- 
able Consort of the Hon. Thomas Bee, Esq., one of the Wardens 
of this City, and eldest daughter of Thomas Smith, Esq., (Broad 
Street.) — Her remains were decently interred in the family vault 
in St. Phillip's Church yard, this forenoon, attended by a number 
of respectable inhabitants. (Wednesday, June 2, 1784.) 

Lately died in Philadelphia, where he went for the recovery of 
his health, Mr. John Massey, only son of Mr. William Massey, of 
this city. (Ibid.) 

Married.] In this City, last Thursday evening, Alexander 
Broughton, Esq., of St. John's Parish, to Miss Betsey Ravenel, 


daughter of the deceased Daniel Ravenell, Esq. — Mr. William 
Wilkie, to Miss Nelly Ball, eldest daughter of Mr. Joseph Ball. — 
Mr. Charles Prince, to Miss Harriot Spencer. — ^At Chehaw, Capt. 
James CuUiat, of Jacksonborough, to Miss Nancey Burr, daughter 
of the deceased Mr. Thomas Burr, of the Round O. — At Dor- 
chester, Mr. John Lynes, Merchant, to Miss Peggy Minus, 
daughter of Mr. Jacob Minus. (Saturday, June 5, 1784.) 

Died.] At Amelia Township, suddenly, Mr. Joseph Warley, 
Merchant, formerly of this City. (Ibid.) 

Last Tuesday was married, at Northampton, in St. John's 
Parish, the seat of his Honour the Lieutenant-Governor, Major 
James Hamilton, of the Pennsylvania Line to Mrs. Elizabeth 
Harleston, widow of the late John Harleston, Esq., and one of 
the daughters of the Hon. Thomas Lynch, Esq., deceased. (Wed- 
nesday, June 9, 1784.) 

Thursday last was married at John's Island, Mr. Jeremiah 
Hutchinson, of this City, to Miss Betsy Witter, daughter of Mr. 
James Witter, of John's Island. (Ibid.) 

{To be continued) 


Accabee, 37. 
Adams, Ann, 146. 
Adams, David, 186. 
Adams, Elizabeth, 186. 
Adams, John, 146. 
Addison, Anthony, 148. 
Addison, Mary, 145. 
Addison, John, 145. 
Addison, Ca,pt. John, 187. 
Addison, Keziah, 188. 
Addison, Thomas, 148, 188. 
Ahagan creek, 27. 

Akin, , 28. 

Akin, Elizabeth, 28. 

Akin, Elizabeth, Jr., 28. 

Akin, James, 28, 29. 

Akin, John, 28, 29. 

Akin, Martha, 28. 

Akin, Mary, 28, 29. 

Akin, Sarah, 28. 

Akin, Thomas, 28, 29. 

Akinfield plantation, 29. 

Allaire, Lieut. Anthony, 166. 

Allan, Thomas, 30. 

Allen, Elizabeth, 25. 

Allen, Frances, 71. 

Allen, James, 71. 

Allen, Thomas, 71. 

Allen, WiUiam, 25. 

Allison, Dorthea, 148. 

Allison, Hugh, 148. 

Amory, Jonathan, 28. 

Andrews, Major, 149, 151. 

Archdale HaU, 186. 

Arnst, Jacob, 41. 

Arthur, Dominick, 14. 

Arthur, John, 173. 

Arthur, Nathaniel, 173. 

Arthur, Priscilla, 173. 

Ash, Algernon Sidney, 185. 

Ash, Catherine, 124. 

Ash, Cato, 124, 185. 

Ash, Elizabeth, 130, 185. 

Ash, John, 143. 

Ash, Mary, 130. 

Ash, Richard Cochran, 185. 

Ash, Samuel, 124, 130. 

Ash, Thomas, 107. 

Ashby, Ann, 7, 10, 13. 

Ashby, Anthony, 10 (2), 88, 184. 

Ashby, Barony, 36. 

Ashby, Catherine, 10. 

Ashby, Charlotte Videau, 10. 

Ashby, Constantia, 7, 10. 

Ashby, Elizabeth, 7, 8, 10, 19. 

Ashby, George, 4. 

Ashby, Hannah, 10. 

Ashby, Jemima, 5. 

Ashby, John, 4, 5, 8, 20. 

Ashby, John, Cassique, 3-10. 

Ashby, John, 2d. Cassique, 9. 

Ashby, John, 3d. Cassique, 7. 

Ashby, Mary, 7, 10. 

Ashby, Richard de, 4. 

Ashby, Theojdosia, 5. 

Ashby, Thomas, 7, 9, 16. 

Ashby, Waring, 16. 

Ashby, family of Quenby, Co. of 

Leicester, 4. 
Ashby's creek, 9. 
Ashe, Samuel, 16. 
Ashley Ferry, 81. 
Aunant, Jean, 113, 114. 
Awindaw Creek, 50. 
Axson, Thomas, 145. 

Bachelor, David, 128. 

Bachelor, Lydia, 128. 

Bachelor, Sarah, 128. 

Bacot, D. Huger, Jr., 57. 

Baddely, John, 185. 

Baddeley, Sally, 185. 

Badetely, Major, 78. 

Baily, Joseph, Letter of, 54-56. 

Baird, Mr., 43. 

Baird, Archibald, 97. 

Baker, John, 129. 

Baker, Mary, 129. 

Baker, PoUy, 86, 186. 

Baker, Richard Bohun, 37, 38, 186. 

Baker, Sarah, 129. 

Baker, William, 86. 

Balfouir, Col., 155. 

Ball, Elias, 7. 

Ball, Elizabeth, 7. 

Ball, Jo^n Cohiing, 23. 

Ball, Joseph, 189. 

Ball, NelUfe, 189. 

Ball, William J., 23, 26. 

Ballow, Elizabeth, 51, 72. 

Ballow, William, 51, 72. 

Ballow, see also Bollough. 

Bambury, William, 87. 

Bamfield, Elizabeth, 147. 

Bamfield, John, 147. 

Barksdale, George, 53. 

Barksdale, John, 53. 

Barksdale, Sarah, 53. 




Barksdale, Thomas Jones^ 10. 
Barnett, John, 103. 
Barnett, Lydia, 102, 103. 
Barnett, William, 20. 
Barnwell, Maj. John, 157, 166. 
Barnwell, Joteeph W., 2, 42,59, 131, 

Baronies of S. C, Quenby, 3-36. 
Barrett, Benjamin, 52. 
Barrett, Bethia, 52. 
Barrett, Deborah, 52. 
Barton, Ann, 53, 126. 
Barton, Benjamin, 173. 
Barton, Elizabeth, 172. 
Barton, John, 53, 172. 
Barton, Marion, 169. 
Barton, Mary, 169, 173. 

Barton, Thomas, 53, 126, 173. 

Barton, William, 169. 

Baryon, John, 108. 

Baskfield, Anesty, 74. 

Baskfield, Jasper, 74. 

Baskfield, John, 74. 

Baskfield, Mary Christian, 74. 

Bassett, John, 103. 

Bassett, Lydia, 103. 

Bates, Benjamin, 126. 

Bates, Isaac, 77, 125. 

Bates, Sarah, 77, 125. 

Batin, Richard, 101, 102. 

Batten, Rebecca, 102. 

Batton, Jean, 101. 

Batton, Marie, 101. 

Beatty, James, 85. 

Bee, Joseph, 144. 

Bee, Sarah, 188. 

Bee, Thomas, 188. 

Beech, Christopher, 24. 

Beekman, Col., 149. 

Belin, James, 27, 31, 33, 114. 

Bellinger, Edmund Landgrave, 180. 

Bellinger, William, 147. 

BeUune, William, 92. 

Benevento plantation, 30. 

Benfield, Ann, 38. 

Benfield, John, 38. 

Benison, Elizabeth, 70, 74 (3), 76, 
125, 126. 

Benison, George, 70, 74 (3), 76, 125 (2), 

Benison, Jean, 126. 

Benison, Mary, 74, 89. 

Benison, Sarah, 70, 74. 

Benison, Robert, 125. 

Benison, Maj. Thomas, 89. 

Benison, William, 125. 

Bennett, Ann, 74, 124, 171, 174. 

Bennett, Elizabeth, 4, 74. 

Bennett, Henry, 146, 168. 

Bennett, Hester, 172. 

Bennett, John, 74, 75 (2), 99, 124 (2), 

126, 127, 172, 174. 
Bennett, Mary, 74 (2), 75 (2), 124, 

126, 127, 172. 
Bennett, Mathias, 127. 
Bennett, Rebecca, 168. 
Bennett, Samuel, 168. 
Bennett, Sarah, 74. 
Bennett, Susanna, 124, 174. 
Bennett, Thomas, 74, 124, 171 (2), 

Bennett, Gov. Thomas, 30, 36. 
Bennett, WiUiam, 147, 168, 174. 
Berkley, Lord, 3. 
Berkley, Polly, 86. 
Berwick, John, 147. 
Berwick, Simon, 39. 
Besant, Jean, 101. 
Besant, Lydia, 103. 
Bishop, Polly, 85. 
Blackstock's, 44. 
Blake, Capt., 60. 
Blake, John, 25, 186. 
Blanchard plantation, 30. 
Blein, see Belin 
Blessing, Ship, 24. 
Blessing plantation, 24, 25. 
Bochet, Able, 25, 114. 
Bochet, Nicholas, 113, 114. 
Bodit, Peter, 103. 
Bollough, Elizabeth, 53, 72, 75. 
BoUough, John, 53. 
Bollough, Katherine, 127. 
Bollough, Katherine, 127. 
Bollough, Martha, 53. 
Bollough, Marmiduke, 127. 
BoUoiIgh, Mary, 127. 
Bollough, MoiSes, 127. 
Bollough, Sarah, 128. 
Bollough, William, 127. 
Bollough, William, Jr., 128. 
Bollough, see also Ballow. 
Bolton, Dr. Richard, 144. 
Bo^d, Anne, 169. 
Bond, Elizabeth, 169. 
Bond, George Paddon, 144, 169. 
Bond, Jacob, 169 (8). 
Bond, Mary, 89, 169. 
Bond, Rebecca, 169. 
Bond, Sarah, 169. 
Bond, Susannah, 169 (8). 
Bond, Thomas, 89. 
Bcmell, Honora, 75, 125. 
Bopell, John, 75, 125. 
Bonell, Susanna Mary, 125. 
Bonneau, Mrs., 96. 



Bonneau, Anthony, 10, 25, 28, 114. 

Bonneau, Benjamin, 28. 

Bonneau, Margaret Henrietta, 10. 

Bonneau, Mary, 10. 

Bonneau, Peter, 17, 25, 96. 

Bonneau, Samuel, 17, 28. 

Bonny, Anne, 28. 

Bonny, Martha, 28. 

Bonny, Thomas, 28. 

Bonoste, Jacob, 128. 

Bonoste, John, 128, 129. 

Bonoste, Jonah, 129. 

Bonoste, Nathaniel, 129. 

Bonsall, Samuel, 147. 

Boomer, John, 41. 

Boone, Capers, 129. 

Boone, John, 71, 168., Mary, 71. 74, 76 (2), 125, 129, 

Boone, Susannah, 76((2). 
Boone, Thomas, 71, 74, 76 (2) 125, 

129, 168. 
Boone, William, 125. 
Boquet, Gen., 98. 
Bordeaux, Anthony de, 33. 
Bordeaux, James de, 33, 114. 
Bordeaux, Judith de, 33. 
Bordeaux, Magdelaine de, 33. 
Bossard, Jane, 92. 
Bouch6, Benjamin, 187. 
Bourke, Thomas, 86. 
Bourquin, Francis, 86. 
Bourquin, Dr. John B., 146, 147. 
Bower, Mary, 89. 
Bower, William, 89. 

Bowie, , 67. 

Bowman, John, 144. 
Bowman, Martha, 144. 
Brabant, Daniel, 33, 114. 
Brabant plantation, 34, 35, 36. 
Bradwell, John, 186. 
Branford, Barnaby, 148. 
Branford, Betsy, 148. 
Branford, William, 186. 
Bremar, Sarah, 29. 
Bremer, Solomon, 111, 113 (2), 114. 
Bretange, Cap^t. de, 151. 
Brickyard, The, plantation, 14. 
Brodie, Deoniz, 104. 
Broughton, Alexander, 188. 
Broughton, Andrew, 144. 
Broughton, Constantia, 7. 
Broughton, Polly, 144. 
Broughton, Susannah, 143. 
Broughton, Thomas, 7, 143. 
Broiin, Archibald, 25, 26. 

Brown, , 59, 97. 

Brown, Alexander, 71, 75. 

Brown, Ann, 52 (5), 125. 

Brown, Charles, 143. 

Brown, Christian, 71. 

Brown, Clement, 52 (5), 73. 

Brown, Edward, 52. 

Brown, Elizabeth, 71, 125 (2). 

Brown, George, 97. 

Brown, Hannah, 70, 71(4), 75. 

Brown, Hester, 92. 

Brown, James, 70 (2), 71 (4), 75. 

Brown, John, 70. 

Brown, Margaret, 71. 

Brown, Marie, (or Mary), 52, 73. 

Brown, Mo'rgan, 147. 

Brown, Thomas, 52, 75, 98, 125 (2). 

Blown, William, 89, 70, 92. 

Brown's Ferry, Black River, 91. 

Bruce, David, 39. 

Bryan, Hon. George S., 35. 

Bryan, John, 22, 23, 37. 

Buchannan, Lieut., 149, 153. 

Bucham, Samuel, 17. 

Budd, Capt., 176. 

Budd, Dr. John, 186. 

Budd, Sally, 186. 

BuU, John, 181, 182 (2). 

Bull, Mary, 182. 

Bull, Stephen, 180, 181. 

BuU, Gov. William, 180. 

Bull, Capt. WiUiam, 184. 

BuUine, John, 87. 

Bulline, Mary, 87. 

Bullock, Elizabeth, 172. 

Bullock, Samuel, 172. 

BuUon, Jean, 102. 

Burck, Elizabeth, 52. 

Burck, John, 52. 

Burck, Rebecca, 52. 

Buretell, Peter, 118. 

Burke, Thomas, 146. 

Burr, Napcy, 189. 

Burr, Thomas, 189. 

Burrows, William, 89. 

Burt, Elizabeth, 173. 

Burt, Martha, 88, 172. 

Burt, Nathaniel, 172, 173. 

Burton, Mrs. Ann, 185. 

Burton, Capt. Isaac, 185. 

Butler, Capt., 41. 

Butler, Gen., 61. 

Buttall, Samuel, 8, 102, 103. 

Cahill, Mary, 173. 
Caillabeuf, Isaac, 174. 
Caillabeuf, Mary, 174. 
Calder, Sally, 146. 
Caleron, Capt., 153. 



Callaghan, Jane, 146. 

Galley, John, 112. 

Campbell, Col., 134, 141. 

Campbell, Lieut., 187. 

Campbell, Helen, 143. 

Campbell, James, 74. 

Campbell, McCartan, 143. 

Campbell, Mary, 74. 

Campbell, Robert, 74. 

Campbell, Sarah, 74. 

Camber, Nancy, 40. 

Camber, Thomas, 40. 

Camp Vere plantation, 23, 24, 25. 

Campbell, Lieut., 149, 151 (2). 

Cannon, Elizabeth, 16. 

Canon, Walter, 112. 

Cantey, Charles, 86. 

Capers, Ann, 130. 

Capers, Elizabeth, 52. 

Capers, Mary, 52(4), 70, 126. 

Capers, Richard, 70, 130. 

Capers, Sarah, 52. 

Capers, Thomas, 126. 

Capers, William, 52 (4), 70, 88, 130. 

Capon, Lt., 141. 

Caretonau, Peter, 114. 

Carey, Col. James, 60. 

Carier, John, HI. 

Carleton, Sir Guy, 99. 

Carlisle, Cadet, 142. 

Carriere, Jean, 112. 

Carrington, Cadet, 142. 

Carson, Archibald, 187. 

Carteau, John, 114. 

Carteau, Julien, 33. 

Carteret, Sir George, 3. 

Cattell, Benjamin, 146. 

Cattell, Mary, 146. 

Cashpull, Mary, 88. 

Cassilis, James, 60. 

Cedar Hill plantation, 26. 

Chalmers, George, 105. 

Chalmers, Isaac, 184. 

Chalmers, Dr. Lionel, 185. 

Chambers, John, 118. 

Chapman, Elizabeth, 73. 

Chapman, John, 73. 

Chapman, Susannah, 73. 

Charleston Courier, 37. 

Charleston Morning Post and Daily 

Advertiser, 37. 
Charlestown, 54-56. 
Charlestown, capitulation of, 47. 
Charlestown Artillery, 56. 
Charlotte, N. C, 48. 
Cherokee Indians, 64, 98. 
Cherry Hill pla.ntation, 26. 

Cheves, Langdon, 2, 50. 

Chicken, Catherine, 22. 

Chiffelle, Philotheos, 188. 

Chisokn, Dr. Alexander Robert, 181, 

Chisohn, Alfred E., 181. 
Chisolm, Dr. Edward Neufville, 182. 
Chisolm, George E., 181. 
Chisolm, James, 181. 
Chisolm, Jane E., 181. 
Chisolm, John Maxwell, 181. 
Chisolm, Robeit, 181. 
Chisolm, Sarah Glaze, 181. 
Chisolm, Thomas, 181. 
Chisolm, William Ma'xwell, 181. 
Childs, Nathan, 37. 
Chitty, Charles King, 41. 
City Gazette or Daily Advertiser, 37. 
Christ Church Parish, Register of, 

50, 70, 124, 168. 
Christoe, Emanuel, 73. 
Christoe, Mary, 73. 
Christoe, Sarah, 73. 
Clancey, Catherine, 86. 
Clancey, John, 86. 
Clancey, William, 146. 

Clark, J—, 63. 

Clarke, Ann, 88. 

Clements, Catherine, 75 (2). 

Clement, Joanna, 53. 

Clement, John, 53. 

Clement, Robert, 53. 

Cleveland, John B., 2. 

Clinton, Gen., 133. 

Clinton, Sir Henry, 99. 

Clute, Rev., 21. 

Coachman, Benjamin, 147. 

Coachman, Francis G. [or Y], 92. 

Coachman, Hannah, 92. 

Coachman, Nancy, 147. 

Coates, Col., 9. 

Cobb, John, 50. 

Cobb, Mary, 50. 

Cochran, James, 87. 

Coffin, Major, 35. 

Colcofck, C. J., 2. 

Colleton, Sir Peter, 3. 

Collins, John, 88. 

Colonial Dames of America, 92. 

Coinbe, John, 26. 

Coming, Affra, 118. 

Coming, Capt. John, 118. 

Conyers, , 134. 

Conyers, Capt. John, 41. 

Cook, Bently, 70. 

Cook, Elizabeth, 125 (2), 129, 130, 

Cook, George, 125. 



Cook, Margaret, 187. 

Cook, Mary, 130. 

Cook, Priscilla, 125. 

Cook, Rebecca, 70. 

Cook, Sarah, 172. 

Cook, Stephen, 129. 

Cook, William, 125 (2), 129, 130, 172. 

Cooper River, Eastern Branch, 3-36. 

Map facing p. 3. 
Colrbet, Hannah Margaret, 14. 
Cordes, John, 87. 
Corbett, Thomas, 14. 
Cordes, Judith, 87. 
Cornish, Elizabeth, 125, 126. 
Cornish, Henry, 74, 125 (2). 
Cornish, Jean, 125 (2). 
Cornwallis, Lord, 34, 35, 48, 61, 67, 

68, 132, 133. 
Cowan's Ford, 134. 
Cowen, Capt., 83, 152. 
Cowpens, Battle of, 131. 
Craddock, Capt., 152. 
Craine, Mary, 146. 
Craven, Earl of, 3. 
Crawford, Bellamy, 148, 173. 
Crawford, Daniel, 173. 
Crawford, Sarah, 173. 
Creighton, Leslie, 88. 
Creighton, William, 88. 
Ciib, Ann, 124. 
Crib, Elizabeth, 124. 
Crib, Thomas, 124. 
Croskeys, Frances, 146. 
Cross, Capt. George, 185. 
Croxton, Elizabeth, 71. 
CroXton, Francis, 71. 
Croxton, Martha, 71. 
Cruger, Col., 59, 62. 

Cryer, , 97. 

Culliatt, Adam, 188. 
CuUiatt, Tames, 189. 
Culliatt, Mary, 188. 
Cuhibee, Elias, 123. 
Cumberland, Richard, 16. 
Cumming, John, 22. 
Cunningham, Robert, 59, 62. 
Cunningham, Wm., 98. 
Cuyler, Dorothy, 86. 
Cuyler, Henry, 86. 
Cypress Barony, 12, 14. 
Cypress Pond plantation, 15, 16. 

DaCosta, Isaac, 144. 
Dalcho, church history, 21. 
Dallas, Francis, 31. 
Dallas, Walter, 31. 
Daniel, Capt. Robert, 50. 
Darby, George, 86, 146. 

Darling, Mary, 143. 

Darney, Richard, 28. 

Darrell, Capt., 79. 

Darrell, Maj., 81, 150, 175. 

Darrell, Elizabeth, 172. 

Darrell, Robert, 172. 

Dart, Henrietta Isabella, 145. 

Dart, John, 145. 

Dart, John Sandiford, 85. 

Dart, Martha, 85. 

Dashwood, Ann, 52, 70. 

Dashwood, John, 52, 70. 

Dashwood, Richard, 70. 

Dashwood, Samuel, 52. 

Davidson, William Lee, 134. 

Davis, Adelaid Eliza, 92. 

Davis, Benjamin James Sommers, 

Davis, Sarah Ann, 92. 
Dealy, Jane, 92. 
Dealy, Jane T., 92. 
Dealy, Samuel G., 92. 
Dearington, John, 33. 
Dearington, Thomas, 31, 32, 33. 
Deas, David, 25. 
Deas, John, 25. 
Deas, John, Jr., 25. 
Deas, John Senr., 26. 
de Bordeaux, see Bordeaux, 
de la Motte, Alexander, 26, 114. 
de la Pleine, Abraham Fleury, 112. 
Delegall, Mrs., 87. 
Delegall, George, 87. 
De Saussure, Anne Laurens, 24. 
Deveaux, Andrew, 29. 
Deveaux, John, 29. 
Deveaux, Mary, 29. 
Dewar, Charles, 146. 
Dewar, Sarah, 146. 
Dewees, John, 185. 
Deyos, Richard, 101, 102, 103. 
Dezel, Charles, 147. 
Dobson, Capt., 141. 
Dog Swamp plantation, 15. 
Donnom, James, 85. 
Donnom, Rebecca, 85. 
Donovan, Joanna, 146. 
Dorrell, Capt., 78. 
Doughty, William, 143. 
Douxsaint, Stephen, 118. 
Dozier, John, 93 (3). 
Dozier, Lydia, 93. 
Doyley, Daniel, 145. 
Drayton, Ann, 181. 
Drayton, Stephen, 181. 
Drew, Lt, 141. 
Duboise, David, 144. 
Dubois e, Susanna, 144. 



DuBose, John, 91, 128. 

Dubose, Lydia, 128. 

Dubose, Samuel, 148. 

Dubose, Stephen, 128. 

Dunbar, Capt., 107. 

Dunbibin, Major, 78, 82. 

Duncan, George, 148. 

Dunlap's Newspaper, 45. 

Dunn, W. E., 54. 

Dupeth, David, 104. 

Dupis, Enoch, 104. 

Dupont, Mrs., 185. 

Dupont, Gideon, 185. 

du Portail, Gen., 65, 67, 68. 

Du Pr6, Cornelius, 17, 19. 

Du Pre, Jane, 19. 

Du Prg, Josias, 18, 22, 113, 114, 115. 

Du Pre, Martha, 18. 

Durand, Levi, 51. 

Dutarque, (duTarque) Louis, 114. 

Dutartre, Peter, 31, 32, 113, 114. 

Dutartres, The, 17. 

Duvall, Lieut., 141. 

Duvall, Rebecca, 85. 

Dwight, Rev., 127, 170. 

Dyson, Rev., 169. 

Eagle, Pilot boat, 48. 
Easterling, John R., 93. 
Easterling, Sarah T., 93. 
Eddings, Joseph, 86. 
Edely, Capt., 141. 
Eden, Elizabeth, 72. 
Eden, Hannah, 72. 
Eden, James, 72, 128. 
Eden, Jahe, 128. 
Eden, Jeremiah, 128. 
Eden, Jonah, 72, 173. 
Eden, Jonas, 173. 
Eden, Sarah, 173. 
Edmonds, Maj., 141. 
Edmunds, Rev. James, 86. 
Edmunds, Polly, 86. 

Edwards, , 10. 

Edwards, Mrs., 88. 
Edwards, Ann, 41, 147. 
Edwards, Catherine, 144. 
Edwards, Christopher, 103. 
Edwards, Daniel C, 16. 
Edwards, Elizabeth, 144. 
Edwards, Isaac, 88. 
Edwards, John, 41, 85, 144. 
Edwards, Joshua, 147. 
Edwards, Nancy, 185. 
Edwards, William, 185. 
Elfe, George, 185. 
Elliott, Ann, 37. 
Elliott, Charles, 88. 

Elliott, Charlotte, 182. 

Elliott, Patience, 172. 

Elliott, Richard, 172. 

Elliott, Stephen, 182. 

Elliott, Stephen Habersham, 182. 

ElUott, William, 37, 172. 

Ellis, Margaret, 41. 

Ellis, Richard, 186. 

Ellis, Sarah, 89. 

EUis, William, 41. 

Evance, Margaret, 86. 

Evans, Lieut., 153. 

Evans, Ann., 86. 

Evans, Daniel, 72. 

Evans, Elias, 170. 

Evans, Elizabeth, 52. 

Evans, Enoch, 147 (2). 

Evans, John, 52, 72, 73, 124, 126, 127, 

Evans, John Baley, 127. 
Evans, Jonathan, 53, 71, 72, 73. 
Evans, Madelon, 124, 126, 127, 170. 
Evans, Marie [or Mary], 53, 71, 72, 

Evans, Rebecca, 52, 72. 
Evans, Sarah, 53, 72. 
Evans, Susannah, 72, 75. 
Evans, Thomas, 147. 
Evans, William, 72, 75, 126. 
Eve, Capt. Oswell, 86. 
Ewing, Lt., 141. 

Fair, Sally, 40. 
Fair, William, 40. 
Fanning, David, 98. 
Fenwick, Charlotte, 145. 
Fenwick, Edward, 145. 
Ferguson, Martha, 181. 
Ferguson, Susannah, 148. 
Few, Col. William Bryan, 62. 
Fishbrook plantation, 12. 
Fitzsimons, Amelia, 144. 
Fitzsimons, Andrew, 144. 
Fitzgerald, Garritt, 127. 
Fitzgerald, Martha, 127. 
Fitzgerald, Mary, 127. 
Fleury, Isaac, 111, 112. 
Fling, Hugh, 29. 
Fogartie, Esther, 145. 
Fogartie, Stephen, 39. 
Fogatie, Lewis, 17. 
Fogatt, Francis, 188. 
Foissin, Elias, Jr., 129, 169, 173. 
Foissm, Mary, 129, 169, 173. 
Folly, The, plantation, 26. 
Forbes, Gen., 98. 
Ford, Ebenezer, 27, 31. 
Ford, George, 96, 186. 



Ford, James, 126. 

Ford, John, 126. 

Ford (or Foord), Joseph, 30, 126. 

Ford, Judith, 31. 

Fc^id, Mary, 96, 126. 

Ford, Rebecca, 96. 

Ford, Sarah, 126. 

Fowler, Benjamin, 171. 

Fowler, Catherine, 170, 171 (2), 172. 

Fowler, Jonathan, 172, 174. 

FoWler, John, 170. 

Fowler, Martha, 174. 

Fowler, Richard, 170, 171 (2), 172, 

Fraser, William, 146. 
Fromagett, Charles, 111, 112. 
Fort Moultrie, 176. 
Fortress, Mary, 111, 112. 
Fosteen, Mary, 101. 
Fougeraut, Marie, 112. 
Four6, Pierre, 18, 113. 
Fox, Elizabeth, 86. 
Francklin, Thomas, 74. 
Fraser, Rev. Hugh, 91. 
Freeman, William, 38. 
Freer, George Hext, 40. 
French Quarter creek, 26. 
French Settlers in S. C, 101-123. 
Freneau, Peter, 37. 
Fresh run plantation, 29. 
Frierson, Lieut., 153. 
Fripp, Hannah, 146. 
Fripp, John, 146. 
Fripp, Paul, 89. 
Frizele, Alexander, 170 (5). 
Frizele, Ely, 170. 
Frizele, Mary, 170 (5). 
Frizele, Nathanial, 170. 
Frizele, William, 170. 
Frost, Frank R., 2. 
Fry, Bridget, 72. 
Fry, Elizabeth, 72. 
Fry, Peter, 72. 
Fuller, Anna W., 182. 
Fuller, Henry M., 182. 
Fuller, John Steel, 182. 
Fuller, M. L. Guerard, 182. 
Fuller, W. H., 182. 
FuUer, WilUam, 182. 
Fuller, Dr. William, 182. 
Fulton, Rev. John, 127, 169. 
Furthy, H., 94. 

Gadsden, Mr., 44. 
Gadsden, Christopher, 64, 144. 
Gadsden, Philip, 144. 
Gadsden's Wharf, 80. 
GaiUard, Richard, 101, 104 140. 

Gaillard, Thomas, 102, 117. 

Gallager, Rev. John B., 91. 

Galphin, George, 98. 

Garden, Commissary, 129. 

Garden, Lieut., 82. 

Garden, Alexander, 187(2). 

Garden, Rev. Alexander, 39, 188. 

Garden, John, 188. 

Garden's Corner, 180. 

Gates, Gen., 45. 

Gates, Elizabeth, 88. 

Gates, Maj. Gen., 88. 

Georgetown, 134. 

Geyer, John, 38, 147. 

Geyer, Mary, 38. 

Gibbes, Anne, 187 (2). 

Gibbes, Robert, 187 (2). 

Gibbes, William, 38. 

Gibbes, see also Gibbs. 

Gibbons, Charlotte, 148. 

Gibbons, Grace, 70. 

Gibbons, Jemima, 53. 

Gibbons, Jotham, 70, 171. 

Gibbons, John, 38, 148, 171. 

Gibbons, Mary, 70. 

Gibbons, Thomas, 53. 

Gibbs, Benjamin, 144. 

Gibbs, Mary, 144. 

Gibson, Maj., 141. 

Gibson, Frances, 73. 

Gibson, Francis, 73. 

Gibson, Mary, 73. 

Gibson, Robert, 145. 

Gignilliat, J. F., 1, 8. 

GUbank, Mr., 79. 

Giles, Maj. Edward, 131. 

Gill, Henry, 72. 

Gill, Jane, 72. 

GiUon, Commodore Alexander, 69, 

Girard, Pierre, 122. 
Gist, Brig. Gen. Mordecai,il46. 
Gist, Nathaniel, 97. 
Givens, Ann, 50. 
Givena, Charles, 53. 
Givens, John, 50, 51, 53, 174 (2). 
Givens, Mary, 50, 53, 174, 
Givens, Philip, 50, 184. 
Givens, Rebecca, 50. 
Givens, Solomon, 51, 174. 
Givern, Agnes, 187. 
Givern, John, 187. 
Glover, Charles, 147. 
Glover, Joseph, 87, 186. 
Glover, Col. Joseph, 186. 
Glover, Sanders, 187. 
Glover, Wilson, 38. 



Gobel, Daniel, 114. 

Godfrey, BeBJamin, 38. 

Godfrey, Thomas, 38. 

Godfrey, W. T., 96. 

Godolfin, Sir Francis, 56. 

Goodall, Frances, 171. 

Goodall, Richard, 171. 

Goodall, Thomas, 171. 

Gordon, Lt. Ambrose, 141. 

Gordon, John, 30, 36. 

Gorget, Lieut., 176. 

Gough, John, 14. 

Gough, Roger, 1'2S. 

Gough, Thomas, 87, 88. 

Gould, Lt., 141. 

Gourley, Elizabeth, 143. 

Gourley, John, 143. 

Gowen, Mary, 182. 

Graham, Mr., 78. 

Grant, Dr. Robert, 37. 

Graysop, Lieut., 151. 

Green, Ann, 89, 93. 

Green, Benjamin, D., 93. 

Green, Elizabeth, 93 (3). 

Green, Esther, 94. 

Green, Francis, 93. 

Green, James, 92, 93 (5), 94 (2), 95. 

Green, James Francis, 94. 

Green, Jane, 92, 94. 

Green, Jdhn F., 93. 

Green, Lydia Jane, 94. 

Green, Mary, 94. 

Green, Mary E., 92, 94. 

Green, Mary L., 94. 

Green, Richard, 93, 94. 

Green, Richard Benjamin, 94. 

Green, Samuel, 92, 94, (2). 

Gre^, Sarah, 94. 

Green, William, 94. 

Green, William G., 95. 

Green, William H., 95. 

Greene, Maj. Gen., 37, 45, 49, 63, 

132, 145, 156, 157, 158. 
Greene, Daniel John, 186. 
Greene, Elizabeth, 186. 
Green's Creek, John, 91. 
Gregory, Ann, 125. 
Gregory, Catherine, 76. 
Gregory, John, 72. 
Gregory, Mary, 72, 76, 125. 
Gregory, Thomas, 72, 76, 125. 
Grififeth, Martha, 86. 
Griggs, John, 145. 
Grimball, John, 146. 
Grimball, Maj. Thomas, 38, 39, 175. 
Grimk6, Fohn Faucheraud, Order 

Book, 78, 149, 175. 
Grove, The, plantation, 22. 

Guerard, Elizabeth, 111. 

Guerard, Isaac, 111. 

Guerard, Jacob, 105, 106, 107, 111, 

Guerard, John, 111. 
Guerard, Joseph, 111. 
Guerard, Margaret, 111. 
Guerard, Peter Jacob, 111. 
Gunn, Thomas, 27. 

Habersham, John, 40. 

Haddrell, Elizabeth, 76. 

Haddrell, George, 73, 76. 

Haddrell, Martha, 73. 

Haddrell, Mary, 73. 

Haddrell, Mary Henrietta, 73. 

Haddrell, Susanna, 76. 

Haddrell's Point, 47. 

Hagan, Dr. Francis, 88. 

Hagan plantation, 20, 27. 

Hale, John James, 95. 

Hales, Alexander, 95. 

Hales, Margaret, 95. 

Hall, PoUy, 89. 

Hall, Dr. Joseph, 89. 

Hall, Thomas, 143. 

Hall, William, 89. 

Hamilton, Major James, 189. 

Hamilton, Col. John, 89. 

Hamlin, George, 168. 

Hamlin, John, 170. 

Hamlin, Martha, 76, 168 (4), 170, 

Hamlin, Robert, 76. 
Hamlin, Sarah, 168. 
Hamlin, Samuel, 40. 
Hamlin, Susannah, 40. 
Hamlin, Thomas, 76 (3), 168 (4), 170, 

Hamlin, William, 172. 
Hampton, Mrs., 188. 
Hampton, Col. Wade, 152, 166, 188. 
Hampton, Richard, 166. 
Hamwright, Col., 80. 
Hanckel, Allans, 183. 
Hanckel, Charlotte, 183. 
Hanscome, Thomas, 38. 
Harden, Col., 156. 
Harleston, Elizabeth, 189. 
Harleston, Major Isaac, 14. 
Harleston, John, 14, 17, 30, 189. 
Harleston, Margaret, 14. 
Harleston, Nicholas, 10. 
Harrington, Gen., 61. 
Hart, Rev. Oliver, 40. 
Hartley, Ann, 125. 
Hartley, Charlotte, 127. 



Hartly, David, 19. 

Hartley, Elizabeth, 127, 168, 171, 172. 

Hartley, James, 125, 130. 

Hartley, Magdalen Elizabeth, 172. 

Hartley, Mary, 125, 130. 

Hartley, Sarah, 130. 

Hartley, Stephen, 127, 168, 171, 172. 

Hartman, Elizabeth, 128. 

Hartman, John, 128. 

Hartman, Sarah, 128. 

Harvey, William, 184. 

Haselwood, Edward, 171. 

Haselwood, Elizabeth, 171. 

Haselwood, Richard, 171. 

Harvey, Jacob William, Letter to 

Calvin Spencer, 96, 97. 
Harvey, William, 89. 
Harvey, William Henry, 89. 
Hasell, Andrew, 13, 14, 15, 85. 
Hasell, Constantia, 34. 
Hasell, Elizabeth, 10. 
Hasell, George Paddon Bond, 15. 
Hasell, Hannah, 15. 
Hasell, John, 9, 10, 15, 19. 
HaseU, Sally, 85. 
Hasell, Thomas, 7. 
Hasell, Rev. Thomas, 10, 15, 18, 19, 

Hatcher, Sarah, 89. 
Haversham, Major, 149. 
Hawett, WiUiam, 5. 
Hayes, Charles, 31. 
Hayes, Dennis, 31. 
Hayes, George, 31. 
Hayes, John, 31. 
Hayne, Col. Isaac, 156, 157. 
Henderson, Col., 141, 175. 
Henderson, Col. William, 139. 
Heth, Col., 79, 149. 
Hext, Col., 79, 80. 
Hext, Hugh, 126, 129. 
Hext, John, 88(2). 
Hext, Sarah, 126, 129. 
Hejrward, Ann Blake, 182. 
Heyward, Ann Bull, 183. 
Heyward, Anna, 183. 
Heyward, Daniel, 38, 183. 
Heyward, Elizabeth, 14. 
Heyward, James Cuthbert, 183. 
Heyward, John, 183. 
Hejrnrard, Mrs. Margaret, 38. 
Heyward, Nathaniel, 14, 20. 
Hicks, Col., 82, 176. 
Higgins, Thomas, 86. 
HiU, Rev., 88. 
Hill, Capt. Francis, 40. 
Hill, Susanna, 88. 
Hinds, Patrick, 88. 

Hinton, Col., 78, 81. 
Hogan, Gen., 151, 153, 175. 
Hogg, Major, 79,175. 
Holibush, Elizabeth, 51 (2). 
Hollibush, John, 51 (2), 128, 172. 
Hollibush, Mary, 51. 
Hollibush, Sarah, 128, 172. 
Holmes, Elizabeth, 71. 
Holmes, Daniel, 40. 
Holmes, Henry S., 2. 
Holmes, John, 38, 71. 
Holmes, Rev. Jc^hn, 186. 
Holmes, John Bee, 144. 
Holmes, Mark, 71. 
Holmes, Mary, 38. 
Holmes, Peter, 146. 
Holmes, Susannah, 40. 
Holybush see Holibush, 
Homeyard, Alice, 144. 
HonoT, John, 128. 
Honor, Mary, 128. 
Honor, Rachel, 128. 
Hopkins, Elizabeth, 41. 
Hopkins, William, 41. 
Hort, Betsy, 143. 
Hort, Catherine, 23. 
Hort, William, 23, 143. 
Horts plantation, 23. 
Howard, Col., 141. 

Howe, Hist. Pres. Church, in S. C, 
101, 105, 115. 

Huger, Col., 96. 

Huger, Alfred, 18, 20, 30, 36. 

Huger, Benjamin, 30. 

Huger, Daniel, 27, 28, 30. 

Huger, John, 20, 28, 29, 30. 

Huger's bridge, 13. 

Hugo, Capt., 141. 

Hull, William, 28. 

Hume, John, 184. 

Hume, Robert, 16. 

Humphrey, Dr., 32. 

Humphrey, Richard, 186. 

Hurst, Elizabeth, 88. 

Hurst, Herman, 88. 

Hutchins, William, 37. 

Hutchinson, Jeremiah, 189. 

Hutchinson, Thomas, Jr., 40. 

Hutson, Mr., 167. 

Hutson, Richard W., 180. 

Hyrne, Dr., 186. 

Hyrne, Edmond, 145. 

Imrie, Margaret, 41. 
Indian-Town, 65. 
Ingraham, Commodore D. N., 26. 
Ingraham, William Postell, 33. 



Inscriptions from the Church Yard 
of Prince Frederick Winyah, PI- 

I'On, Jacob Bond, 10, 33. 

Ionia plantation, 33. 

Irishtown, 14. 

Iron Works, 61. 

Ironshore, Jamaica^ 15. 

Irvin, Major, 134. 

Irving, Dr. John Beaufain, Day on 
Cooper River, 6, 15. 

Irving, Jacob .(Emilius, 14, 15. 

Irwin, Dr. Matthew, 87. 

Islington plantation, 17. 

Jackson, Major, 78, 81, 82. 

Jeanerette, Betsy, 186. 

Jeanerette, Capt. Jacob, 186. 

Jeanerette, Capt. John, 186. 

Jeanerette, Polly, 186. 

Jeffords, Joseph, 87. 

Jenkins, Benjamin, 146. 

Jenkins, Betsy, 89. 

Jenkins, Edward, 89. 

Jenkins, John, 146. 

Jenkins, Martha, 181. 

Jenkins, Micah, 181. 

Jenkins, Nancy, 143. 

Jenkins, Richard, 89, 143. 

Jervey Theodore D., 2. 

Johnson, Jane, 87. 

Johnson, John, 184. 

Johnson, Margaret, 184. 

Johnson, Sir Nathaniel, 12, 13, 18. 

Johnson, Gov. Robert, 12, 13. 

Johnston, Capt., 44. 

Joiner, Capt. John, 69. 

Jones, Francis, 51. 

Jones, Rev. Gilbert, 169. 

Jones, James, 102. 

Jones, Jenny, 40. 

Jones, Jesse, 185. 

Jones, John, 170. 

Jones, Mary, 130 (2), 168. 170. 

Jones, Noble Wimberly, 85. 

Jones, Paul, 86. 

Jones, Philip, 51, 125, 130. 

Jones, Rebecca, 51, 125, 168. 

Jones, Sarah, 85. 

Jones, Thomas, 51, 86, 88, 130 (2), 

Jour, James, 101, 102. 
Jours, Richard, 101. 
Joy, Benjamin, 51, 75, 124, 125, 171. 
Joy, Elizabeth, 51, 53, 70, 75, 124, 

125, 168, 171. 
Joy, John, 129, 171. 
Joy, Joseph, 124. 

Joy, Judith, 75. 

Joy, Maria (or Mary), 51, 76, 126, 

129, 168, 170, 171, 173. 
Joy, Moses, 75, 126, 168, 170, 173. 
Joy, Providence, 70. 
Joy, Richard, 173. 
Joy, Stephen, 171. 
Joy, Thomas, 76. 

Joy, William, 51, 53, 70, 75, 76, 171. 
Joyner, Elizabeth, 38. 
Joyner, James, 38. 
Joyner, William, 38. 
Juin, George, 25, 26, 114. 
Juin, Lewis, 33, 114. 

Keith, Elizabeth L., 95. 
Keith, Mary Jane, 95. 
Keith, Thomas J., 95. 
Kelly, Mary Dorethea, 146. 
Kennedy, Dr. Mathew, 184. 
Kensington plantation, 15. 
King, Lt., 141. 
King, Samuel, 15. 
Kingsberry, Capt., 175. 
Kingstree, 60. 

Kirkland, , 59. 

Kneeshaw, John, 38. 
Knox, James, 38. 
Knox, Susannah, 38. 
Kolb, Col., 65. 
KoUock, Charles W., 2. 

La Fayette, Marquis de, 42. 

Lafelleine, Anna, 111, 112. 

Langford, Lieut., 149, 153. 

Lapotre, Jacob, 114. 

Laroche, James, 143. 

Laurens, Col. John, 81, 153, 160. 

Laurens, Edward R., 33. 

Laurens, Harriet H., 26. 

Laurens, Henry, 26. 

Laurens, John, 42. 

Laurens, Margaret H., 24, 26. 

Laverick, Ann, 124, 170 (2), 171. 

Laverick, Elizabeth, 170. 

Laverick, John, 124, 170 (2), 171. 

Laverick, Madelon, 124. 

Laverick, Mary, 171. 

Law, Benjamin, 76 (2), 125, 129. 

Law, Elizabeth, 76, 125. 

Law, Hannah, 71 (2). 

Law, Joseph, 71. 

Law, Nathaniel, 76 (2). 

Law, Sarah, 129. 

Law, Theodora, 71. 

Lawrence, Estell, 40. 

Lawrence, Nancy, 40. 

Lee, Col., 67, 134. 



Lee, Stephen, 148. 

Lee's Horse, 63. 

Leek, Elizabeth, 147. 

Leek, William, 147. 

Legar6, Daniel, Sen., 39. 

Legar6, Elizabeth, 143. 

Legare, James, 187. 

Legar6, Nathan, 143. 

Leger, Betsy, 40. 

Leger, Peter, 40. 

Leggit, Archibald, 95. 

Leigh, Mr., 96. 

Le Jau, Elizabeth, 7, 10. 

Le Jau, Francis, 7. 

Leland, Mary, 73, 76. 

Leland, William, 73. 

Lemprier, Clement, 188. 

Lemprier, Sarah, 188. 

Lenud's Ferry, 60. 

Le Pierre, Rev., 32. 

Lesesne, Esther, 37. 

Lesesne, Isaac, 38, 97. 

Lesesne, Peter, 37. 

Lesley, Rev., 129. 

Leslie, Gen., 63. 

Leverett, C. E., 182. 

Leverett, Mary, 182. 

Leverick, see Laverick. 

Lewis, Dr., 38. 

Lewis, Col., 79. 

Lewis, Major Andrew, 98. 

Lewis, Gabriel, 86. 

Lewis, Henry, 75, 125. 

Lewis, Rev. John, 40, 41. 

Lewis, Judith, 75. 

Lewis, Robert, 75. 

Lewis, Sarah, 75, 125. 

Lewis, William, 75. 

Lewis Town, 188. 

Lillington, Gen., 83, 151, 175. 

Limerick plantation, 12. 

Linn, Lt, 141. 

Liston, Lieut, 151. 

Little, Elizabeth, 147. 

Little, WiUiam, 147. 

Lloyd, Benjamin, 40. 

Lloyd, John, 28. 

Loe, William, 102. 

Logan, Ann, 168. 

Logan, Frances, 130. 

Logan, George, 74 (2), 77, 126, 130, 

Logan, John, 126. 
Logan, Martha, 74 (2), 77, 126, 129, 

Logan, William, 77. 
Long, Annie Laurie, 95. 

Long, S. P., 95. 

Longuemare, Nicholas de, 22, 113, 

Longwood plantation, 20. 
Losk, Lt., 141. 
Louisiana Purchase, 56, 57. 
Love, Dr. John, 84. 
Loveday, John, 87. 
Lovering, Michael, 118, 119. 
Lowe, Lieut., 176. 
Lowery, Col., 81. 
Lowery, Mary, 40. 
Lucas, Jonathan, 23. 
Luzerne, Anne-C6rar, Chevalier de 

la, 42, 142. 
Lybert, Henry, 89. 
Lynch, Johnson, 24, 24. 
LjTich, Jonah, 24. 
Lynch, Margaret, 25. 
L)Tich, Mary, 25. 
L3Tich, Susannah Margaret, 25. 
Lynch, Thomas, 29, 189. 
Lynch, Thomas Jr., 24, 25. 
Lynch's Creek, 24. 
Lynes, John, 189. 
Lyon, Elizabeth, 41. 
Lyon, John, 41. 
Lyttle, Capt., 49. 
Lytle, Col., 80, 151, 176. 

M'Allister, Betsy, 41. 
McAlpin, George, 98. 
McArthur, Maj. 59. 
M'CaU, Hext, 90, 143. 
McCarty, George, 176. 
McCottry, Elizabeth, 93. 
McCottry, Robert, 93. 
McCrady, Gen., 101. 
McCrady, 5. C. in the Revolution, 9. 
M'CuUough, John, 87, 184. 
McDowel, Archibald, 76 (2), 126. 
McDowel, John, 126. 
McDowel, Mary, 76, 126. 
M'Gillivray, Ann, 85. 
M'Gillivray, William, 85. 

McGregor, , 28. 

McGuire, Lt., 141. 

M'Kee, John, 184. 

Mackenzie, Capt. James, 185. 

M'Knight, James, 188. 

McLaurin, Evan, 98. 

McLeroth, Major, 63. 

McWilliams, Maj., 60. 

Madrigal, Francisco Fernandez de, 

Mahon, Michael, 14. 
Makay, Ephraim Makay, 182. 
Mahnedy, Col., 79, 139, 149. 



Manigault, Mr., 44. 
Manigault, Ann, 20. 
Manigault, Charles I., 14. 
Manigault, Gabriel, 7, 13, 20. 
Manigault, Gabriel E., 14. 
Manigault, Henrietta, 14. 
Manigault, Joseph, 13. 
Manigault, Nancy, 40. 
Manigault, Peter, 7, 13, 14, 17, 40. 
Manning, Lt., 142. 
Mansfield, John, 147. 
Marboeuf, Joseph, 113, 114. 
Marion, Col., 43. 
Marion, Gen., 64, 68, 157. 
Marion, Benjamin, 17. 
Marion, Charlotte, 10, 88. 
"Marion's" plantation, 17. 
Marriage and Death Notices from the 

5. C. Weekly Gazette, 37, 85, 143, 

Maromet, John, 188. 
Marshall, John, 144. 

Martin, , 141. 

Martin, Clement, 86. 

Martin, Rev. John, 89, 

Martin, Susanna, 89. 

Massey, John, 188. 

Massey, William, 188. 

Mathews, Rev., 88. 

Mathews, Benjamin, 87. 

Mathews, John, 163. 

Mathews, John Raven, 87. 

Mathews, Martha, 88. 

Mattesaw, 24. 

Matthews, Capt., 176. 

Maxwell, Lieut., 86. 

Maxwell, Capt., 60. 

Maxwell, William, 186. 

Maybank, David, 23, 53, 169. 

Maybank, Joseph, 23, 53, 129. 

Maybank, Marion, 129. 

Maybank, Mary, 23. 

Maybank, Susannah, 53, 169. 

Mayer, Dr. John, 32. 

Mayham, Col. Hezekiah, 146, 147. 

Mayham, Mary, 146. 

Mayham, Nancy, 147. 

Mayrant, John, 144. 

Mayrant, Nicholas, 117. 

Mazyck, Mary, 184. 

Mazyck, Stephen, 145. 

Mazyck, William, 184. 

Mebane, Col., 80, 81. 

Mensing, John, 17. 

Mensing, Philip, 187. 

Metheringham, Elizabeth, 173. 

Metheringham, John, 76, 124, 129, 


Metheringham, Margaret, 76. 
Metheringham, Mary, 76, 124, 129, 

Metheringham, Robert, 129. 
Meuron, Henry, 87. 
Meuron, Margaret, 87. 
Middleburg plantation, 20, 21, 22, 23. 
Middleton, A., 44. 
Middleton, Arthur, 118. 
Middleton, Henry, 187. 
Middleton, John, 86. 
Middleton, Mary, 182. 
Middleton, Thomas, 40, 182. 
Miles, Sophia, 146. 
Miller, Henry, 27. 
Miller, John, 148. 
Miller, Stephen, 148. 
Milligan, James, 41. 
Mills, Ezekial, 145. 
Milner, Clement, 170. 
Milner, Jonathan, 170. 
Milner, Mary, 170. 
Minus, Jacob, 189. 
Minus, Peggy, 189. 
Mitchell, Lieut., 176. 
Mitchell, Capt., 151. 
Moll, Herman, Map by, 19, 116. 
Monck, John, 101, 103. 
Monck, Mary, 145. 
Monck, Thomas, 28, 145. 
Moncks Corner, 9. 
Moore, Capt., 141. 
Moore, John, 147. 
Moore, Roger, 27. 
Moore, William, 27. 
Moraine, Dennis, 75, 125. 
Moraine, Elizabeth, 75, 124, 125. 
Moraine, Edmund, 171. 
Moraine, John, 124, 172. 
Moraine, Mary, 124. 
Moraine, Susannah, 172. 
Morall, see Murrall. 
Morane, see Moraine. 
Moreland plantation, 30. 
Morell, Jonathan, 76. 
Morell, John, 40. 
Morell, Polly, 40. 
Morgan, Capt., 141. 
Morgan, Gen., 63, 65, 131, 133. 
Morris, Col. Lewis, 37. 
Morrison, Samuel Eliot, 57. 
Morritt, Rev., Thomas 169, 170, 172. 
Motte, Mrs., 137, 138. 
Motte, Jacob, 50. 
Moultrie, Col. William, 11. 
Mt. Pleasant plantation, 15. 
Motte, Frances, 86. 
Motte, Jacob, 85. 



Moultrie, Maj., 81. 

Mouzon, Louis, 114. 

Mouzon, Nelly, 143. 

Mouzon, Peter, 143. 

Mouzon, see also Muzon. 

Moze, Caesar, 116, 117. 

Muckinfuss, Michael, 147. 

Muckinfuss, Polly, 147. 

Muncreef, Richard, 144. 

Murrall, Ann, 130. 

Murrall, Anthony, 127. 

Murrall, Daniel, 73. 

Murrall, Elizabeth, 127 (3), 128 (4). 

Murrall, Hannah, 130. 

MurraU, Jonathan 127 (3), 128 (4). 

Murrall, John, 73, 130 (3). 

Murrall, Martha, 73, 136. 

MurraU, Mary, 128. 

Murrall, Sarah, 128. 

Murrall, Samuel, 130. 

Murrall, Susannah, 127. 

Murrall, William, 128, 130. 

Murray, John, 76. 

Murray, Martha, 76. 

Musson, or Mouzon, Edward, 112, 

Muzon, Judith, 38. 
Muzon, Peter, 38. 

Myers, , 97. 

Myrick, Jordan, 26. 

Nelson, Hester, 144. 

Nelson, James, 144. 

Nelson's Ferry, 60. 

New Keblesworth plantation, 12, 13. 

Newton, Elinor, 171. 

Nicholes, Henry, 40. 

Nicholes, Sarah, 40. 

Nicholls, James, 118. 

Nisbet, William, 87. 

Noble, Henry, 118. 

Norman, Philip, 2>3, 114. 

North Hampton plantation, 17. 

Norvelle, Isabella, 144. 

Ogier, Lewis, 89. 
Ohohj, Patrick, 104. 
Oines, Mary, 168. 
Oines, Philip, 168. 
Oines, Samuel, 168. 
Oldham, Capt., 141. 
Oliphant, Dr. David, 184. 
Oliver, George, 128, 172. 
Oliver, John, 172. 
Oliver, Mary, 128, 172. 
Oliver, Peter, 111, 112. 
Oliver, Robert, 128. 
O'Neal, , 168. 

O'Neal, Maj., 79. 

O'Neil, Capt., 86. 

Orange, or French Quarter, 18. 

Orange Quarter and the First French 

Settlers in S. C, 101-123. 
Orrill, Philip, 118. 
O'Sullivan, Capt. Florence, 104. 
Otis, Harrison Gray, 56. 
Owens, John, 148. 

Pagett, Francis, H, 34. 

Pagett, Elizabeth, 34. 

Pagett, John, 34. 

Pagett, Peter, 34. 

Pagett's landing, 30. 

Paper money, S. C, 157. 

Parker, Major, 150. 

Parker, Col., 79, 83, 153. 

Parker, William, 187. 

Parris, Col. Alexander, 173. 

Parris, Alexander, Jr., 126, 171, 173. 

Parris, Elizabeth, 126, 171. 

Parris, John, 126, 171. 

Parsons, Capt., 139. 

Peak, Mary, 146. 

Pearis, Richard, 59, 97-99. 

Peper, Vera Aurora, 104. 

Peronneau, Alexander, 86. 

Peronneau, Henry, 89. 

Perry, Maj., 142. 

Petineau, John, 114. 

Petit, Margaret, 111. 

Petit, Rene, 105, 106, 107, 111. 

Petrie, Ann, 86. 

Petrie, Edmund, 86. 

Peyott, Peter, 88. 

Peyre, Anne, 10. 

Peyre, Magdalen, 10. 

PhjTin, Lt., 141. 

Pickens, Col., 67. 

Pickens, Gen., 141. 

Pickens, Andrew, 99. 

Pickens, Ezekiel, 14. 

Pickering, Betsy, 90, 143. 

Pickering, Joseph, 90. 

Pierce, Major William Leigh, 145. 

Pinckney, Col., 79. 

Pinckney, Col. C. C, 44. 

Pinckney, Charles Cotesworth, 187. 

Pinckney, Elizabeth, 147. 

Pinckney, Mary Elizabeth, 16. 

Pinckney, Hopson, 15, 16. 

Pinckney, Jane, 16. 

Pinckney, Roger, 6, 8, 9, 15, 16. 

Pinckney, Roger of Peterborough, 16. 

Pinckney, Sarah, 187. 

Pinckney, William, 147. 

Pipkin, Anna Maria, 95. 



Pipkin, Eliza, 95 (3). 

Pipkin, Levin, 95 (2). 

Player, Thomas, 173. 

Player, Rebecca, 173. 

Poitevin, Anthony, 33, 113 (2), 114. 

Poitevin, Margery, 33. 

Poitevin Peter, 33, 114, 115. 

Polk, Lieut., 141. 

Pompion Hill, 17, 18, 19. 

Pompion Hill chapel, 20, 21. 

Poole, William, 28. 

Porcher, Mrs., 89. 

Porcher, Peter, 89. 

Porcher, Peter, Jr., 148. 

Potts, , 88. 

Powe, Thomas, 96. 

Pownell, Rev. Benjamin, 169. 

Poyas, James, 26. 

Poyas, John Lewis, 86. 

Prevost, General, 180. 

Price, Dorothy, 89. 

Price, William, 89. 

Prince, Charles, 189. 

Prince Frederick, Winyah, Inscrip- 
tions from the Church Yard, 91- 

Prince George, Winyah, 91. 

Prince William, Inscription from 
the Parish Churchyard, 180-183. 

Pringle, Elizabeth W. Alston, 92. 

Pringle, John Julius, 146. 

Pringle, Robert, 38. 

Prioleau, Hext, 185. 

Prioleau, Margaret, 185. 

Prioleau, Philip, 144. 

Pritchard, Nancy, 86. 

Pritchard, Paul, 86. 

"Quarter Master Jack," 34. 

Quash, Elizabeth, 16, 31. 

Quash, Robert, 15, 31, 85. 

Quash, Susannah, 16. 

Quelch, Andrew, 127 (2). 

Quelch, Benjamin, 127. 

Quelch, Elizabeth, 127 (2). 

Quelch, George, 127. 

Quenby Barony and The Eastern 

Branch of Cooper River, 3-36, 

Map, facing p. 3. 
Quenby HaU, Leicestershire, 4, 16. 
Quinby Bridge, 9. 
Quinby Creek, 9. 

Ralph, John, 187. 
Radcliflf, Thomas, 144. 
Ralph, Samson, 187. 
Ralston, Anthony Dozier, 93. 
Ralston, Elizabeth Giles, 93. 

Ralston, John, 93. 

Ralston, Susan Adelaid, 93. 

Ramsay, Dr. David, 40, 105. 

Ravenel, Betsy, 188. 

Ravenel, Daniel, 18, 113, 189. 

Ravenel, Dr. Edmund, 36. 

Ravenel, Rene, 18. 

Ravenel List (of Huguenots), 109. 

Ravenel Records, 17. 

Rawdon, Lord, 60, 156. 

Read, , Esq., 185. 

Read, M. Alston, 2. 

Read, Susannah, 185. 

Reid, Dr. James, 146. 

Reid, Susanna, 146. 

Reilly, Charles, 147. 

Reilly, Joanna, 147. 

Rembert, Isaac, 10. 

Rembert, Peter, 17. 

Reynolds, William, 41. 

Rhett, Catherine, 27. 

Rhett, Col. William, 27. 

Rhett, Sarah, 27. 

Richardson, Gen., 44. 

Richardson, Mary, 52. 

Richardson, Col. Richard, 35. 

Richardson, Thomas, 52. 

Richmond, (ship), 107, 113. 

Rippon, Isaac, 184. 

Rippon, Joanna, 184. 

Rivers, Elijah, 147 

Rivers, George, 86. 

Rivers, Gracia, 144. 

Robert, Peter, 25. 

Roberts, Capt., 79. 

Robinson, Joseph, 98, 176. 

Roche, Ebenezer, 187. 

Roddom, Joseph, 29. 

Roger, John, 88. 

Roland, Elizabeth, 95. 

Rose, Hugh, 185. 

Ross, Mr., 164, 165. 

Ross, Elizabeth, 187. 

Ross, James, 187. 

Rouser, Elizabeth, 174. 

Rouser, Mary, 125. 

Rouser, Richard, 51, 124, 125, 174. 

Rouser, Sarah, 51. 

Rouser, Susanna, 124, 125. 

Rouser, William, 51, 174. 

Rowser, see Rouser. 

Royal African Company of England, 

Royalists, 59, 60. 

Rugeley, , 43. 

Russell, , 146. 

Russell, Elizabetli, 95. 
Russell, Jeremiah, 28, 29, 95. 



Russell, Mary, 29. 
Russell, Thomas, 145. 
RusseU, William, 85. 
Russell's Magazine, 59. 
Rutherford, Major, 141. 
Rutledge, Andrew, 129. 
Rutledge, Edward, 129, 156. 
Rutledge, John, 56, 57, 98, 129. 
Rutledge, John, Letters of, 42, 59, 

131, 155. 
Rutledge, Dr. John, 129. 
Rutledge, Mary, 129. 
Rutledge, Sarah, 129. 
Rutledge, Thomas, 40, 129. 
Ryea, Peter, 173. 
Ryea, Rebecca, 173. 

St. Augustine, 54. 
St. Dennis Parish, 21, 115. 
Saint George, (early name for Caro- 
lina), 54. 
St. Julien, Charlotte de, 19. 
St. Julien, Henry de, 109. 
St. Julian, Pierre de, 109. 
St. Julien de Malacare, Pierre, 18, 

St. Julien List, 115. 
Salley, A. S., Jr., 2, 37. 
Saltus, Rebecca, 183. 
Sandiford, William, 144. 
Sandiford, Sarah, 144. 
Sansum, Jacob, 87. 
Sansum, John, 87. 
Sarvants, Jean, 170 (2). 
Sarvants, John, 170 (2). 
Sarvants, Mary, 170. 
Sarvants, Matthew, 170. 
Sauseau, Elizabeth, 73. 
Sauseau, James, 73. 
Sauseau, John, 73 (6). 
Sauseau, Madeline, 73. 
Sauseau, Mar>', 73 (7). 
Sauseau, Susanna, 73. 
Scott, Thomas, 146. 
Screven, Eleanor, 40. 
Screven, Col. Thomas, 40. 
Seabrook, John, 144. 
Seabrook, Martha, 146. 
Seabrook, Mary Magdalen, 86. 
Seabrook, Robert, 146. 
Seaman, George, 31. 
Seewee bay, 23. 
Severance, Ann, 129, 170 (2), 171, 

173, 174. 
Severance, John, 129, 174. 
Severance, Joseph, 170 (2), 171, 173. 
Severance, Thomas, 174. 
Severance, William, 173. 


Shackelford, — 

Shaftesbury, Earl of, 3. 

Sharpe, Capt., 79, 80, 149. 

Sharpe, Col., 78. 

Shaw, Richard, 146. 

Sheldon Church, Inscriptions from, 

Sheldon plantation, 180. 
Shepheard, Col., 80, 150. 
Shilers Ferry, 59. 
Shipp, Hisl. of Methodism in S. C, 

Shoolbred, James, 14. 
Shubrick, Richard, 8, 9, 20. 
Shubrick, Richard, of Ratcliff, 8. 
Shubrick, Thomas, 6, 8, 9, 20. 
Shugeon, Teigue, 104. 
Shutt, Joachim Goifried, 146. 
Sibley, Hester, 53. 
Sibley, Mary, 51, 53. 
Sibley, Richard, 51. 
Sibley, Samuel, 51. 
Sibley, Samuel Jr., 53. 
Silk Hope plantation, 12, 13, 14. 
Simes, John, 70. 
Simes, Mary, 70. 
Simmons, Maj., 151. 
Simmons, George, 85, 86. 
Simmons, Edward, 37. 
Simmons, John, 88. 
Simmons, Susannah, 88 (2). 
Simms, William Gilmore, 37, 105. 
Simons, Major, 79, 81. 
Simons, Col., 151. 
Simons, Arthur, 145. 
Simons, Benjamin, 16, 17, 19, 21, 22, 

Simons, Catherine, 23. 
Simons, Esther, 17. 
Simons, James, 146. 
Simons, Lt. James, 141 . 
Simons, Lydia, 23, 37. 
Simons, Mary, 23. 
Simons, Peter, 16, 17. 
Simons, Capt. Peter, 32. 
Simons, Robert, 186. 
Simons Ville plantation, 23. 
Singletary, John, 88. 
Singletar>s Mary, 88. 
Singleton, Col. Mathew, 89. 
Singleton, Richard, 10. 
Sinkler, Betsy, 148. 
Skinner, J. W., 95. 
Small, Rev. Robert, 171, 172, 173, 

Smallwood, Maj. Gen. William, 45, 

60, 132. 



Smelie, William, 40. 

Smith, Ann, 147. 

Smith, Betsy, 187. 

Smith, Elizabeth, 86, 145, 

Smith, D. E. Huger, 2. 

Smith, George, 188. 

Smith, George, Jr., 145. 

Smith, Henry, 147. 

Smith, Henry A. M., 2, 3, 101, 181. 

Smith, Jane, 86. 

Smith, John, 86. 

Smith, Josiah, 145. 

Smith, Mary, 188. 

Smith, Mary M., 181. 

Smith, Peter, 86, 146. 

Smith, Rev. Robert, 34, 35, 36. 

Smith, Thomas, 188. 

Smith, Thomas Lough ton, 187. 

Smith, William Wragg, 26. 

Smoky Hill plantation, 23. 

Snowden, Charles, 40. 

Snowden, Yates, 2. 

Society of the Cincinnati of S. C, 35. 

South Carolina Gazette atid Public Ad- 
vertiser, 37. 

South Carolina Weekly Gazette, Mar- 
riage and Death Notices from, 
37, 85, 143, 184. 

Southern Intelligencer, 109. 

Spencer, Ann, 173 (2). 

Spencer, Calvin, Letter to, 96, 97. 

Spencer, Elizabeth, 124, 173. 

Spencer, Hannah, 75. 

Spencer, Harriot, 189. 

Spencer, John, 168. 

Spencer, Joseph, 77, 124 (3), 125, 
130, 170 (2), 173 (2). 

Spencer, Joseph William, 8i^. 

Spencer, Mary, 52, 72, 74, 76, 130, 

Spencer, Martha, 129. 

Spencer, Oliver, 52, 72, 74, 75, 76 (2), 
124 (2), 126, 129, 168, 173. 

Spencer, Rebecca, 72, 74, 75, 76 (2), 

124, 126, 129, 168, 173. 
Spencer, Sarah, 52, 76, 77, 124 (2), 

125, 130, 170 (3), 173. 
Spencer, Sebastion, 145. 
Spencer, William, 96, 125. 
Spidel, Abraham, 37. 
Spidel, Elizabeth, 145. 
Spring Hill plantation, 30. 
Stanyarne, Rivers, 145. 
Stanyarne, William, 145, 188. 
Starnes, Mary, 145. 
Steadman, Capt., 153. 
Stent, Martha, 37. 
Stephen's Creek, 59. 

Sterkey, Hannah, 76. 

Stevens, Gen., 61. 

Stevens, Cotton Mather, 187. 

Stevens, Sarah, 187. 

Stevenson, Mrs., 88. 

Stevenson, Capt. James, 88. 

Stewart, Jane, 89. 

Stewart, Lt. CoL, 39. 

Stewart, Rev. James, 60. 

Stewart, Col. John, 99. 

Stiles, Capt., 82, 150, 175. 

Stobo, James, 188. 

Stobo, Jane, 188. 

Stocker, Dr., 87. 

Stocker, Mary, 87. 

Stocks, Benjamin, 124. 

Stocks, Eleanor, 124, 126. 

Stocks, Eliphlet, 126. 

Stocks, Jonathan, 124, 126. 

StoU, Martha, 86. 

Stoll, William, 86. 

Stone, Benjamin, 147. 

Stone, John, 29. 

Stone, Joseph, 29. 

Stone, Sally, 184. 

Stone, Susannah, 147. 

Stoutenburg, William, 146. 

Strahan, Elizabeth, 19. 

Strahan, John, 19. 

Strong, Capt., 188. 

Stuart, Cornet, 141. 

Stuben, Baron, 45. 

Stukes, Martha, 148. 

Stakes, William, 37, 148. 

Sulzer, Jacob, 85. 

Sumter, Gen., 9, 43, 44, 49, 61, 63. 

Surtill, Thomas, 148. 

Sutcliff, Elizebeth, 38. 

Sutcliff, John, 38. 

Taggart, William, 147. 
Taliaferro, Capt., 78, 81, 82, 150. 
Tarlton, CoL, 43, 44, 131. 
Tarlton's Memoirs, 59. 
Tassell, Elizabeth, 52, 70. 
Tassell. Samuel, 52, 70. 
Tate, Lieut., 176. 
Tattnal, Claudia, 89. 
Tattnal, Josiah, 89. 
Tennant, Susannah, 143. 
Tennant, William, 143. 
Tew, George, 186. 
Tew, George, Mrs., 186. 
Theus, James, 87. 
Theus, Jeremiah, 87. 
Theus, Mary, 87. 
Thibou, Charlotte, 112. 
Thibou, Gabriel, 112. 



Thibou, Lewis, 112. 
Thibou, Lucy, 112. 
Thibou, Sharto, 112. 
Tliompson, John, 75. 
Thompson, Martha, 75. 
Thomas, Daniel, 39. 
Thomas, Frances, 39. 
Thomas, Samuel, 10, 19, 20. 
Thomas, Rev. Samuel, 18. 
Thomas, Sarah, 187. 
Thomas, T. Gaillard, 109. 
Thomas, William, 187. 
Thomas' plantation, Cheraws, 65. 
Thompson Creek, 96. 
Thomson, Col. William, 136. 
Thorn, Sarah, 86. 
Thorowgood, Sir Benjamin, 4. 
Thorowgood, Elizabeth, 4. 
Thorowgood, Joseph, 5. 
Thorp, Mary, 77. 
Thorp, WiUiam, 77. 
Tissot, Rev. John James, 32. 
Tookerman, Richard, 172. 
Toomer, Joshua, 144. 
Toomer Mary, 144. 
Tories, 43, 63. 

Torquett, Humphrey, 27, 31, 114. 
Torquett, Judith, 27. 
Torquett, Marianne, 31. 
Torquett, Paul, 28, 114. 
Torquett, Sarah, 27, 31. 
Torshell, see Tassell. 
Tosteen, Mary, 108. 
Trezevant Daniel, 113 (2), 114. 
Trott, Nicholas, 27. 
Trouillart, Rev. Philip, 18, 22. 
Tucker, Lydia, 187. 
Tucker, Capt. Thomas, 187. 
TuUada, Mathew, 114 
TuUis, Capt., 59. 
Turner, John, 174. 
Turner, Mary, 174. 

Valton, Peter, 147. 

Vance, Col., 65. 

Vanderhorst, Elias, 185. 

Varin, Jacques, 112. 

Varine, James, 112. 

Varine, Jeremiah, 1 14. 

Varvele, Anthony, 128. 

Varvele, Judith, 128. 

Vedder, Rev. C. S., 119. 

Vega, Francisco de la Guerra y de la, 

Vergennes, Count de, 42. 
Vicaridge, Elizabeth, 8. 
Vicaridge, John, 8. 
Videaux, Peter, 114, 115. 

Vinyard, John, 146. 
Vinyard, Mary, 146. 
Virginia troops, 63. 

Wade, William, 147. 

Waites, John, 147. 

Walker, Henry Pinckney, 16. 

Wall, John, 145. 

Wall, Mary, 145. 

Wallace, Col., 80, 149, 150. 

Wallace, Sir James, 41. 

Walnut Grove plantation, 6, 9, 10. 

Walter, Isaac, 41/ 

Walter, Mrs. Jane, 184. 

Walter, John Alleyn, 184, 187. 

Walter, Richard, 185. 

Wando River, 50. 

Ward, John, 39, 40. 

Waring, Benjamin, 40, 88. 

Waring, John, 40, 88. 

Waring, Susanpah, 88. 

Wailey, Joseph, 189. 

Wa^hingtoli, Col., 43, 65, 139, 141. 

Washington, Gen., 47, 133. 

Watkins, John, 73. 

Watkins, Mary, 73. 

Watson, Col., 43, 44. 

Watson, Catherine, 51. 

Watson, Elizabeth, 51, 70. 

Watson, Joan, 51. 

Watson, John, 70. 

Watson, Mary, 51. 

Watsoii, William, 51, 70. 

Watts, Miss, 87. 

Watts, Capt., 141. 

Watts, John, 87. 

Way, Robert, 146. 

Wayne, Kitty, 186. 

Wayne, William, 186. 

Webb, Benjamin, 52. 

Webb, David, 85. 

Webb, Elizabeth, 85. 

Webb, Jemima, 52. 

Webb, Lydia, 53. 

Webb, Marie, 53. 

Webb, Rebecca, 145. 

Webb, Sarah, 52, 145. 

Webb, Thomas, 53. 

Webber, Mrs. Arthur Putnam, 91. 

Webber, Mabel Louise, 2, 91, 37, 50, 

168, 184. 
Webdoe plantation, 7. 
Wells, Mary, 86. 
Wemyss, Maj., 43. 
Weston, F. H., 2. 

Wheeldon, Elisha, 71, 75, 125, 127. 
Wheeldon, Elizabeth, 127 (5). 
Wheeldon, Hannah, 75, 125. 



Wheeldon, Jonathan, 127 (5). 

Wheeldon, Joseph, 127. 

Wheeldon, Mary, 127. 

Wheeldon, Sarah, 75, 125. 

Wheeldon, Susannah, 127. 

Wheeler, Benjamin, 187. 

Whilden, Maitha, 146. 

Whildon, see Wheeldon. 

White, Col., 141. 

White, Anthony, 74 (3), 75. 

White, Anthony Martin, 186. 

White, Col. Anthony Walton, 41. 

White, Elizabeth, 130. 

White, Francis, 146. 

White, Hannah, 77. 

White, James, 173. 

White, John, 71, 72, 74, 75, 76, 95 (2), 

White, Joseph, 171. 
White, Leonard, 72. 
White, Mary, 74, 75, 186. 
White, Robert, 125. 
White, Sarah, 71, 72, 74, 75, 76, 95, 

White, Simms, 173. 
White, Susannah, 52, 87. 
White, William, 52, 130. 
Whitesides, John, 174. 
Whitesides, Sarah, 174. 
Whitter, Betsy, 189. 
Whitter, James, 189. 
Whitworth, Mrs., 86. 
Wickley, Capt. John, 151. 
Wigfall, Benjamin, 39. 
Wigfall, John, 10, 171. 
Wigfall, Joseph, 50, 128, 171. 
Wigfall, Katherine, 128, 171 (6). 
Wigfall, Mrs. Martha, 39, 
Wigfall, Capt. Samuel, 128, 171 (6). 
Wigfall, Sarah, 171. 
WigfaU, William, 171. 
Wilkie, William, 189. 

Wilkinson, , Esq., 187, 

Wilkinson, Mr., 159. 
Wilkinson, Francis, 145. 
Wilkinson, Mary, 187. 
Wilkinson, Morton, 145. 
Wilkinson, Susannah, 145. 
Wilks, Ann, 125. 

Wilks, Elizabeth, 73, 168. 
Wilks, Joan, 125, 168, 170. 
Wilks, Joseph, 73. 
Wilks, Joshua, 125, 168, 170. 
Wilks, William, 170. 
Williams, Col. Otho, 139. 
Williams, Thomas M., 182. 
Williamson, Gen., 62. 
Williamson, Andrew, 98. 
Williamson, Martha, 185. 
Williamson, M^illiam, 185. 
Willis, Elizabeth, 24. 
Willson, Winifred, 97. 

Wilson, , 96, 97. 

Wilson, Capt., 176. 
Wilson, Hugh, 184. 
Wilson, Samuel, 27, 109, 110. 
Windsor plantation, 12, 15. 
Wingood, Ann, 129. 
Wingood, Benjamin, 171. 
Wingood, Charvile, 127, 129, 171. 
Wingood, John, 127, 129 (2). 
Wingood, Mary, 127, 129 (2), 171. 
Winterley, Rev. John, 169. 
Wis-boo-e Creek, 24. 
Withers, Richard, 185. 
Withers, Sally, 185. 
Withers, Thomas, 29. 
Witherspoon, Dr., 40. 
Witherspoon, Miss, 40. 
Woodland plantation, 30. 
Woolford, Lt., 141. 
Wragg, Joseph, 143. 
Wright, James, 41. 

Yadhaw, 4, 6. 
Yates, Elizabeth, 38. 
Yates, Joseph, 88. 
Yates, Seth, 3S. 
Yates, Sarah, 88. 
York, John, 98. 
Yeamans, Lady, 102. 
Yeamans, Sir John, 55. 
Young, Andrew, 128. 
Young, Elizabeth, 128. 
Young, John, 41 . 
Young, Rebecca, 128 (4). 
Young, WiUiam, 128 (4). 
Youngblood, Isaac, 148. 





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Address: South Carolina Historical Society, 

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JANUARY, 1918 

Entered at the Post-office at Charleston, S. C. as 
Second-Class Mattsr 


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Mabel L. Webber. 


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Marriage and Death Notices from the South Carolina 
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January, 1918— January, 1919. 

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Hon. Henry A. M. Smith. 

2nd Vice-President, 

Hon. Theodore D. Jervey. 

3d Vice-President, 

Hon. F. H. Weston. 

4th Vice-President, 

Hon. John B. Cleveland. 

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all of the foregoing officers. 

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January, 1918— January, 1919. 

Hon. Joseph W. Bajrnwell. 

1st Vice-President, 
Hon. Henrv A. M. Smith. 

2nd Vice-President, 

Hon. Theodore D. Jeevey, 

3d Vice-President, 

Hon. F. H. Weston. 

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all of the foregoing officers. 

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The South Carolina 
Historical and Genealogical 


VOL. XIX JANUARY, 1918 No. 1 



By Henry A. M. Smith 

An account of the original plan of Charles Town with a list of 
the original grantees of the lots therein has already been given in 
a previous number of this Magazine.' An account has also been 
given of the first settlement at Old Charles Town or Albemarle 
Point on the South side of the Ashley river, and the transfei of the 
name Charles Town to the settlement at the site of the present 
City of Charleston.2 The present city lies at the end of a long 
tongue, or neck, a flat peninsula, lying between the Ashley and 
the Cooper Rivers. This peninsula is, for about six and a half 
miles in length, quite narrow. At one point about three miles 
from the tip the creeks from the rivers on each side intersected 
so as to nearly cut the peninsula into an island. About six and 
one half miles from the tip or end of the tongue the Ashley 
river turns sharply to the West, and the Cooper river to tl^e East, 
and the distance between the two rapidly widens, so that, at a 
point about ten miles from the tip, the width between the two 
rivers is nearly ten miles. This tongue of land above the original 
boundary line of Charles Town was commonly called or known as 

«VoLIX,p. 12. 
» Vol. XVI. p. 1. 


Charles Town Neck. Along it were a number of interesting settle- 
ments and some country seats of note of Government officials, and 
wealthy residents of Charles Town. 

The main country road from Charles Town to the interior ran 
up this neck splitting it, roughly speaking, in half, and so ran as 
to keep as nearly as possible to the central ridge, avoiding creeks 
and water courses and the consequent necessity of bridges and 

This road was known as the Broad Path and was what is now 
known as King Street and its extensk»u The present Meeting 
Street above Hasell Street was a much later development 

The present line of Meeting street required the crossing of a 
bold creek with its marsh, sometime later known as New Market 
creek, that ran, (and less boldly stfll runs) a little east of the 
present car house of the Street RaUway. The late Dr. Irving in 
his History of the Turf in South Carolina states that after the Meet- 
ing street road was laid out, the King street road was called the 
Big Path and the Meeting street road the Little Path. The very 
tip of the tongue between the rivers was a large oyster bank, and 
was by the first seettlers called the Oyster Point and sometimes 
White Point. Th designation of Oyster Point was sometimes 
loosely applied to the entire colony or settlement on the lower 
peninsula. A grant to Capt: Stephen Bull in .1676 which was 
really located more than four miles from the point is stated as 
being upon Oyster Pcant.' 

The two rivers were called Ashley and Cooper, so named in 
compUment to Lord Ashley afterwards Earl of Shaftsbury the 
most active among the Proprietors of Carolina and whose name 
was Anthony Ashley Cooper. 

The Indian name for the Ashley river was Kiawah,* but at first 
under the name Ashley river was included the entire inlet from the 
entrance between Sullivan's and Morris Islands. The grant on 
5 August 1711 of the body of marsh called Shute's Folly on the 
South end of which Fort Pinckney (locally known as Castle Pinck- 
ney) stanfe or stood is described as bounded west on Coop>er river 
and South on Ashley river." The Indian name for the Cooper 

» GranU, voL 39, p. 19. 

« S. C. HisL- &r Gen. Mag., vol. XVI, p. 1. 

• Propridory Grants, voL 39, p. 110. 


was Wando; although it was apparently also called Etiwan, Itt- 
ywan, or Itwan. The earliest warrant in the earliest remaining 
book of warrants is dated 30 April 1672 and directs the Surveyor 
General to lay out 12000 acres for a colony " between Ashley River 
"and Wandoe River" .... begining upon Ashley River 
" towards the South at a place there knowne by the name of the 
"Oyster Poynt;"« and on 20 June 1672 the Earl of Shaftsbury 
writing to M' T. Gray alludes to the " discoverys you have made 
"up Ashley River, and Cooper River for soe the Lords Proprietors 
"have named that which you call Wando."' In the grant to 
Richard Thread (Tradd) dated 28 Oct' 1696 of 20 acres near the 
foot of the present Calhoun street they are described as bounding 
North East on Wando river.' In the grant to John Coming dated 
22 Febry 1678 of 740 acres as high up Cooper river as the point , 
of division into the Eastern and Western branches the tract 
granted is described as "at the Tee in Wando river." At the 
same time on the map of 133 acres laid out for John Coming 18 
June 1672 which lay just South of Calhoun street the Eastern 
boundary is given as on the "Ettewan river;" and the grant of the 
same 133 acres dated 17 April 1675 describes it as "situate upon 
"the Oyster point and bounding upon Ashley River to the West 
" therof and Cooper River als. Ittwan River towards the East"' 
There are a number of early grants in which the Island now 
called Daniels Island, is designated as Ittywan Island, and the 
creek or river now called Wando River as Ittywan creek. Ag£dn 
in the grant to Thomas Hurt dated 15 April 1696 of a tract of land 
as high up Cooper river as the U. S. navy yard it is described as 
situate on " Ittewan" river.^" The name Wando is now confined 
to the large salt-water river that enters the Cooper river above 
Hobcaw point, about opposite the body of marsh called Drum 
Island, and which formed the dividing line between the parishes of St. 
Thomas and Christ Church. Indian place names or the applica- 
tions of them by the first settlers are sometimes very indefinite, 

• Printed Warrants 1672-1679, p. 3. 

» CM* . Hist. Soc. S. C, voL 5, p. 400. 

• Proprietory Grants, vol. 38, p. 318. 

• Both plat and grant are recorded M. C. 0. Charleston, Bk. G, N". S, p. 

" Of: Hist: Com\ BL G, p. 215. 


and it would seem as hopeless now to define with exactness where 
Wando ended and Etiwan began or vice versa as it would be in the 
parallel case of Kiawah and Accabee." The object of the present 
article is to ascertain, as exactly as may be, the original grants to 
the area on the neck between the two rivers as far up as indicated 
viz about ten miles from the tip, with the names of the first settlers 
and their successors as denoting who were the owneirs and occu- 
pants of the land. 

Something should be said as a foreword in e]q)lanation of the 
words "warrant," and "grant," frequently used in this article. 
Under the theory of the Charter from King Charles II, the Lords 
Proprietors were the owners of the soil and granted it out to 
settlers. The method of obtaining a grant was that the party to 
whom it was to be given applied to the representatives of the 
Proprietors (the Governor and the Proprietors deputies), and 
thereupon, on pajonent of the proper fee therefor, an order or 
" warrant" was issued directing the Surveyor General to survey out 
to the party the number of acres to which he was entitled. Occa- 
sionally the warrant indicates with some d^ee of certainty the 
locality of the land to be surveyed, Usually it simply directs that 
so much land be surveyed out in some place not conflicting with 
previous siirveys, and that a map thereof be returned with a cer- 
tificate of the survey. The Surveyor General, or his deputy, also 
on payment of his fees, made the survey, and returned the map 
with his certificate, — ^and thereupon — if applied for and the fees 
paid — a grant would be issued to the party for the land described 
in the map. As a rule the grant gives no metes or bounds but 
simply grants so much land as is described in the plat annexed. 
If this method had been strictly followed and all the old records 
were still in existence there would be little diflSculty in locating 
early grants of land in South Carolina. But the destruction of 
early records has been such, added to the probability that the first 
records were not carefully kept — that we find warrants — ^not fol- 
lowed by any grants on the record — grants not preceded by any 
warrants on the record — evidences of grants in other documents 
when there appear neither warrants nor grants on the record, and 
numbers of grants referring to plats necesssary for their proper 

« S. C. Bisk Sr Gen: Mag., voL XVI, p. 1. 


understanding, when almost the entire record of the plats from 
1671 to 1730 has been destroyed or at least is not in the remaining 
record. Adding to this uncertainty is the circumstance that under 
the early rule if a man abandoned — i.e. did not within a limited 
period, settle, and put certain improvements on the land granted, 
it should be deemed forfeited, or escheated, to the Proprietors. 
Thus quite frequently later grants appear to different persons of 
all or part of the land previously granted without any explanation 
(there being no book of escheats on the record) save the presump- 
tion that the first grantees had abandoned. In many cases it 
would appear that the first grantee transferred his interest to 
another who then proceeded to take out a new grant to himself 
for no apparent reason, save perhaps to thus fortify his title and 
avoid any question of previous abandonment and escheat To 
put together the early grants covering any considerable areas, is 
thus a task of great difficulty, requiring patient and careful re- 
search, nor can any one — much less the writer — arrogate to him- 
self the belief that he has been able to do it without errors; al- 
though he may cherish the hope that they have been reduced to a 

TninimiiTti - 

The end of the peninsula at Oyster Point was marked out by 
Governor William Sayle for a town at the first arrival of the 
settlers.*^ A warrant was issued 27 July 1672 to lay out the town 
which was done according to the model or plan published in a 
previous number of this magazine." Previous thereto an area of 
land beyond the originally intended town line had been laid out 
to Henry Hughes and to John Coming and his wife Affra, who in 
view of the proposed plan, and to permit an enlargement of the 
town, agreed on 21 February 1671/2 to surrender for that purpose 
one half of the land so laid out to them.^^ This offer seems to 
have been accepted so far as Hughes was concerned but Coming's 
land was not taken.'^ The North boundary line of this plan of 
Charles Town ran along the line indicated by the present Beaufain 
street extended to Cooper river. In the present City of Charles- 
ton there is a break in that line where Beaufain street stops at 

" Cotf" Hist: Soc': S. C, vol. 5, p. 378. 

" Vol. EX, p. 12. 

»« Printed Journal of Grand Council for 21 Febiy, 1671/2. 

« Ibid, for 18 Sepf^ 1672, 




King Street The Hasell street prolongation is not along the 
original boundary line. This is due to the fact that the town lots 
along that boundary line from King street to Cooper River came 
into the ownership of M"* Sarah Rhett and her husband CoL W"» 
Rhett together with some 20 acres of land adjoining just outside 
the original town line, and when about 1773 this property was 
laid out into streets and lots, the old boundary line was not fol- 
lowed as a street 

On the same date as the warrant to lay out the town viz 27 
July 1672, a nimiber of other warrants were issued to persons for 
lands on the peninsula, northward from the town in succession to 
each other^* — ^viz. 

To Henry Hughes 


225 i 


next to the town 

" John Coming 





" Hughes 

" RirhardCole 





" Coming 

" Joseph Dalton 





" Cole 

" George Beadon 

and Hugh Carterett 





« Dalton 

" Thomas Thompson 





" Beadon 

& Carterett 

" Henry Simonds 





" Thompson 

" Joseph Pendarvis 





" Simonds 

" W^Kennis 





" Pendarvis 

" John Williamson 





" Kennis 

" Samuel West 





" Williamson 

The warrants were apparently for surveys of the acreage named 
in "slices" across the peninsula from river to river. In not a 
single instance however was the actual grant for as many acres as 
called for in the warrant 


Both Hughes and Coming were among the very first arrivals in 
the ship Carolina in April 1670. Coming was the mate on the 
ship and Hughes an intending settler." There may have been 
some sort of business connection between them as they shared the 

" Printed Warrants 1672-1679, pp. 22 to 27. 
" CoU-> Hist: Soc: S. C, voL S, pp. 137, 141. 


acres allowed for bringing in one servant — John Neale. According 
to the warrants the lands to be allotted them, was the area lyiag 
between the town line on the South and the land to be allotted to 
Richard Cole on the North — which area was estimated to be 550 
acres. Hughes' land was to be the Southern part next the town, 
and Coming's the Northern part. No grants under these war- 
rants have been found by the writer in the remaining books of 
grants in Columbia. A copy of the grant to John Coming with 
a copy of the plat annexed to it appears on the records in the 
Mesne Conveyances office in Charleston, but recorded at a much 
later date viz 7 July 1767.^' This record shows a grant to John 
Coming 17 April 1675 for 133 acres between the Ashley and the 
Cooper als Ittwan rivers. Ih a deed from M™ Affra Coming widow, 
to Thomas Pinckney dated 19 Novr 1698 for 10 acres she describes 
it as part of a tract of 186 acres joining to Charles Town which 
her late husband died possessed of and which was first laid out to 
M' Henry Hughes.*' 

The Northern line of Coming's grant, being the line separating 
him from Richard Cole, is ascertained by two existing maps — viz 
the map of " Harleston" and the map of " Ansonborough." Under 
the will of John Coming his property went to his widow, and under 
her will all her property went to her nephew John Harleston and 
to Elias Ball her husband's nephew.^" On the division between 
these two the lands near Charles Town went to John Harleston.** 
When about 1770 this land was laid out for partition in squares 
and streets the Northern boundary is the present Calhoun street 
So the map of Ansonborough is the map of that portion of the 
grant to Coming which fronted on Cooper river and it shows as the 
Northern boundary the present Calhoun street The grants to 
Hughes and Coming thus covered the area between the town line 
proper and the present Calhoun street The warrants estimated 
this area at 550 acres: the two grants aggregate but 319. A cal- 
culation of the acreage in this area shows that the grant to Comii^ 
for 133 acres is much too insufficient to account for it, but that the 

»Off: Hist: Com* Bk, 1696-1703, p. 102. 
«> Prob: Ct: Charleston Bk., 1671-1727, p. 67. 
s> Memo Bk., 5, p. 232. 


addition of 186 acres might, and this would seem to corroborate 
the inference from M" Coming's deed to Pinckney that there had 
been a grant to Hughes for 186 acres which her husband had 

On 14 October 1696° a grant was made to Isaac Mazyck for 90 
acres which included that part of the area covered by the grants 
to Hughes and Coming bounding on the Cooper river or its marshes 
and extending back to about the present line of King Street then 
the Broad Path: except 10 acres bounding East on Cooper river 
and South on the town line which in February 1680 John Coming 
had conveyed to Maurice Mathews,** As this 10 acres was within 
the area of Hughes' grant this sale also shows that Coming must 
have acquired Hughes grant. When Mazyck acquired from Com- 
ing the writer has not been able to ascertain; nor why Mazyck 
foimd it expedient to fortify his title by a new grant to himself. 
Under warrants issued in 1700 and 1705^* a grant was made 14 
May 1707" to Isaac Mazyck for 71 acres of marsh land fronting 
his land on Cooper river. All subsequent titles coming down 
through Mazyck appear to refer to these two grants to Mazyck 
as the original source of title. The writer has been shown an 
account of the Mazyck family written many years ago by a mem- 
ber of that family, in which it is stated on family tradition that 
Isaac Mazyck acquired this land from a M** Smith of Hamersheath 
in 1693. 


Richard Cole was the carpenter on the ship Carolina^ and ar- 
rived in the very first fleet. The warrant was to lay out for him 
450 acres or so much as lay between the land allotted to John 
Coming on the South and Joseph Dalton to the North. There 
was apparently found in this area but 234 acres which was marked 
out for Richard Cole but he died without having made any suf- 
ficient settlement thereon.^^ He died prior to 3 Novr 1677 for on 
that day a warrant was issued to lay out 100 acres to Richard 

" Proprietory Grants, vol. 38, p. 316. 

»» Off: Hist: Com"., Bk. G, p. 1 18. 

** Printed Warrants, 1692, 1711, pp. 167-203. 

» Proprietory Grants, vol. 39, p. 2S. 

» CoU^ Hist: Soc: S. C, vol. 5, p. 141. 

"Printed Warrants, 1680-1692, p. 146. 


Batten and Rebecka his wife in the right of Richard Cole 

On 6 Oct' 1681 a warrant was issued to lay out to Landgrave 
Joseph West parcel of the land taken up by Richard Cole dec* 
and lately in possession of Richard Batten^ and this was followed 
by a grant to Joseph West for 130 acres.^'' In addition 27 acres 
of this Richard Cole area was laid out to John Cottingham, 107Tir 
acres to Barnard Schenkingh and 18A acres to John Godfrey.*^ 
Thus the entire allotment to Richard Cole was granted out to 
Landgrave West, John Cottingham, Barnard Schenkingh and John 
Godfrey. Grants following on these warrants to Landgrave West, 
and John Godfre}^ the writer has found on the record. • He has 
not found the grants to Schenkingh and Cottingham but the sub- 
sequent devolutions of title refer to and show they were issued. 
Landgrave Joseph West on 27 June 1687 conveyed his 130 acres 
to James Martell Goulard de Vervent; who on 30 May 1693 ac- 
quired also from John Coming 23 acres adjoining, off Coming's 
grant. Under some requirement from the Governor and deputies 
(not let us hope to secure the payment of a second set of fees) de 
Vervent received a new grant to himself 14 March 1694/5'^ for 
these two tracts with some adjoining marsh land, in all 200 acres, 
which on 22 June 1696 he transferred to Thomas Gunston," to 
whom at the same time he sold all his plantation equipment 
stock and slaves'* as if he were quitting the Province. James Mar- 
tell Goulard de Vervent has left very little from which to gather 
who, and whence he was. Probably one of the French or Swiss 
immigrants of the period. In a deed from John Coming to James 
Le Sad dated 30 May 1693 the boundary on the side of the 23 
acres conveyed by Coming to de Vervent is stated as on "y* 
Marques.*"^ This is the only indication found by the writer of 
the possession by de Vervent of a title, and as evidence its weight 

»«Ibid., Bk. 1672-1679, p. 147. 

«• Ibid., Bk. 1680-1692, p. 47. 

*^ Proprietory Grants, vol. 38, p. 207. 

» Printed Warrants, 1680-1692, pp. 146, 157, 158, 159. 

» Proprietory Grants, vol. 38, pp. 100, 207, 262. 

"Proprietory Grants, vol. 38, p. 2S1. 

** Of: Hist: Com", Bk. G, p. 519. 

"Ibid., p. 517. 

" Of: Hist. Com\ Bk. 1696-1703, p. SO. 



is very smalL Thomas Gunston on 6 Februaiy 1696/7 conveyed 
the 200 acres to Samuel Hartley and William Smith merchant and 
on 4 April 1698 Samuel Hartley released to William Smith his 
half part of the propert)^' who thus became possessed of the whole 
and by his will dated 30 August 1710 devised it to his sons \^Uiam 
and John Smith. 

There appear on the record two later grants, viz one to Samuel 
Wragg 21 March 1715 for 25 acres: and one to Katherine Le Postre 
29 March 1715 for 25 acres:" which are clearly within the area of 
the Richard Cole allotment and of the 200 acre grant to de Vcr- 
vent The writer can only infer that Samuel Wragg and Katherine 
Le Postre had acquired title in some way from WiUiam Smith or 
his devisees ajid took out these new grants to fortify their titles. 
The later maps and divisions show that the Northern boundary of 
the Richard Cole allotment was approximately along the present 
Line street so that the grants to Landgrave West, John Cottingham, 
Bernard Schenkingh and John Godfrey embraced the high land 
between the present Calhoun and Line streets. 


Joseph Dalton was also one of the first settlers having arrived on 
the Carolina on her very first voyage." The warrant for him was 
to layout 1150 acres or so much as lay between the lands to be laid 
out to Richard Cole to the South, and George Bedon and Hugh 
Carterett to the North.*" When the survey was made of the land 
allotted to him it evidently appeared that the area within the 
limits assigned did not allow a grant for 1150 acres. The writer 
has not found any grant to Joseph Dalton on the remaining books 
of grants in Columbia; but in a deed from Jane Lawson dated 4 
January 1699** it is stated that a grant had been made to Joseph 
Dalton dated 27 April 1675 for 293 acres near the Oyster Point 
bounding West on Ashley river, East on Wandow alias Cooper 
river. North on lands of Richard Beadon, and South on lands late 

*' Ibid., p. 98. 

»• Proprietory Grants, vol. 39, pp. 179, 181. 
" Coll* Hist: Soc. S. C, voL 5, p. 134. 
« Printed Warrants, 1672-1679, p. 24. 
« Of: Hist: ConT, Bk. 1696-1703, p. 155. 


of Richard Cole: and that Joseph Dalton by will dated 24 August 
1676 had devised all his estate including the 293 acres to Jane 
Lawson who had sold off all except 54 acres bounded West on 
Ashley River: — that to the East of the 54 acres having been sold 
to Robert Mollock. The 1150 acres called for in the warrant had 
shrunk to 293 acres in the grant. 

On 19 January 1699/1700 a grant was made to George Logan 
for 210 acres.*^ The grant recites that the land had formerly 
belonged to Robert Mollock but had escheated to the Lords Pro- 
prietors: a;nd on 24 January 1699/1700 George Logan conveyed to 
Joseph Blake Landgrave and one of the Proprietors*^ the whole of 
the 210 acres so granted. Joseph Blake transferred to Thomas 
Gadsden in 1729 about 3 acres^* and to Charles Hill in 1731 « 55 
acres leaving in 1733 remaining 152 acres,*® a great part of which 
remained in the descendants of Blake for many, many, years. A 
descendant of his M"^* Annie Louise Heyward as late as 21 July 
1917 disposed of a part of this land, which had thus remained in 
Blake and his descendants for 217 years, the longest instance of 
such transmission in South Carolina, known to the writer. The 
part so disposed of by Blake to Gadsden and Hill lay west of the 
Broad Path now King Street, 

On the part retained by Blake lying East of King street between 
King street and the present Meeting street and between Line 
street and what is marked on the present City map as Huger 
street there was constituted a race course called the New Market 
Course whereon the races were held between 1756 and 1794.*' 
The creek from the Cooper river which formed in part the North- 
ern boundary of this Blake property became known as New Mar- 
ket Creek from its contiguity to the race course. It is now largely 
silted up, and its Eastern channel through the marsh has been 
completely stopped and filled and a new and wholly different out- 
let course provided by the late dredging and filling operations of 
the Carolina, Clinchfield & Ohio R. R. Company. 

« Ibid., Bk. N. C, p. 225. 

"Ibid., Bk. 1696-1703, p. 16. 

** M. C. O. Charleston, Bk. H, p. 301. 

**Memo Bk., 5, p. 220. 

««Ibid., Bk. 3, p.91. 

«» History oj the Turf in S. C. by D* Irving, p. 34. 


The 55 acres sold to Charles Rill is i^ii the writer has correctly 
located it) next found in 3 746 m the possession of Wm. George 
Freeman bearing the suggestive name of ''Pickpocket"-*' under 
which it was transferred to John Drayton, who in 1757 transieir^d 
it under the same narae tc Andrew Fesch and Peter Guinard.** 
It was situated Nor'b of Lijie street between King street and the 
present Rutlcdee Avenoe and iaclucied the aiea romc 40 years sgo 
known as the Shepherd Wilson Fc;;rD and some vears since di- 
vided up into lots and 5oId out as the property oi M" Soplda 
Francis Shepherd Mariori. 

On 2 March 1701 a grant was made to Patrick Scott^"^ for 190 
acres. The boundaries show that it included all of the Joseph 
Dalton grant lying to the West of the part held by Joseph Blake. 
ScotL must therefore have acquired irom the transferrees of Jane 
Lawson ail this remainder and taken out a new grant to himself. As 
Blake had 210 acres and the grant to Scott is for 190 acres tlie 
aggregate of 400 acres far exceeds the 293 acres stated by Jane 
Lawson to be the acreage in the grant to Dalton. In addition in a 
deed fro"i Patrick Scott to Richard Cartwright dated 31 Oct*" 
1710^^ it is recited that this 190 acres was parcel of a greater quan- 
tity of land formerly granted to Joseph Dalton: and that Patrick 
Scott had also acquired from Richard Tradd 23 acres the descrip- 
tion of which shov/s it was likewise within the lines of the land 
granted to Dalton. We thus find a total of 423 acres within 
Dalton's lines. The Northern boundary of this grant ran from 
about the point where New Market creek crosses the present 
Meeting street road approximately with the line of Huger street 
across to Ashley river. Patrick Scott on 5 July 1702 conveyed 
this 190 acres to Dove Wiliamson:^^ ^nd on 2 August 1712 the 
executor of Dove Williamson conveyed to Richard Cartwright." 
Richard Cartwright acquired a good deal of land in that vicinity 
which under his will passed to his three sons Daniel, Richard, and 
Hugh. Thomas Gadsden acquired in 1729 some 65 acres off the 

" if. C. O. Charleston, Bk. F.F., p. 161. 

♦• Ibid., Bk. S.S., p. 191. 

" Proprietory Grants, vol. 38, p. 414. 

" Cf: Hist. Com*, Bk. 1701-1712, p. 141. 


" Memo Bk., 3, p. 182. 


Patrick Scott grant" which lay west of the present Rutledge ave- 
nue and approximately between Bee and Congress streets, which 
remained in the hands of his descendants until divided up into 
lots and sold. The greater part of the 190 acres, with additional 
land to the North, was conveyed in 1738"^ by Daniel Cartwright 
to John Braithwaite: after whom it passed to John Gibbes. When 
and from whom John Gibbes acquired it the writer has not ascer- 
tained, but he held it in 1769 when he obtained a grant of the marsh 
land fronting on the river.^' Gibbes then calls his property 
Orange Grove but it seems later to have been generally known as 
the "Grove" farm or plantation. It included some 232 acres ac- 
cording to the plat of John Gibbes' property in 1770 and embraced 
the area between Congress street and the dreek North of the farm 
now owned by Capt. F. W. Wagener, and which was long known as 
Lowndes Grove and Roses Farm. The Washington Race Course 
was upon a portion of this tract and after 1794 the course at New 
Market was abandoned and the Jockey Club held its annual races 
on the new course. The present Hampton Park which includes 
the race course is on the Grove plantatioru 

John Gibbes at the outbreak of the American Revolution had 
extensive gardens and greenhouses and a pinery on the Grove, but 
when the British under Prevost advanced and threatened Charles 
Town in May 1779, they crossed the Ashley river at Ashley ferry 
and advanced down the Neck to Gibbes' settlement at the Grove, 
and during the occupation the residence and greenhouses were de- 
stroyed and the gardens laid w^aste. Garden (who married a 
niece of John Gibbes) gives an account of the devastation in his 
anecdotes (Ist series p. 269), 


George Bedon (or Beadon as it is spelled in the earlier docu- 
ments) was also one of the earliest arrivals, and with Hugh Car- 
terett (later spelled Cartwright) came in the first fleet. 

On 27 July 1672 a warrant was issued to lay out to George 
Beadon and Hugh Carterett 300 acres or so much thereof as lay 

•« M. C. O. Charleston, Bk. H, p. 302. 
<« Ibid., Bk, S, p. 25i. 
« Memo Bk., 8, p, 496. 


between the lands to be allotted to Joseph Dalton on the South 
and Thomas Thompson on the North.''^ Although the warrant 
was for them jointly the grants were made separately. On S 
July 1696 a grant was made to George Bedon for 150 acres be- 
tween Joseph Dalton and Hugh Carterett.^* There is a great 
discrepancy between the date of the v/^^rrant in 1672 and the date 
of the grant in 1696 — 24 years. Them's reems to have been a good 
deal of confusion about many of tie earlier warrants and surveys. 
Florence O'Sullivan the first Surveyor General proved incompe- 
tent and was charged with not making and completing surveys. 
John Culpeper his successor appointed in December 1671 sud- 
denly left the Province and many surve)^ referred to him were 
not made or if made seem not to have been reported.*' It is 
probable that Bedon's land was surve3'ed and that he took pos- 
session but that for some reason did not obtain his grant for so 
long a period. Bedon sold off this grant 31 acres and 2 roods in 
1703 to Daniel Gale and Hannah his wife.^° He died about 1705 
and by his will empowered his widow Elizabeth Bedon to sell his 
lands. His widow (who afterwards married John Raven) sold to 
Patrick Scott 4 acres adjoining the land sold the Gales which Scott 
in 1710 conveyed to the Gales." She then in 1709 and 1711 con- 
veyed all the residue of the grant of 150 acres to Richard Cart- 
wright®^ who thus became apparently the owner of the whole 150 
acres granted to George Bedon except the 35 acres, owned by the 
Gales. This circumstance has rendered it practically impossible 
to trace the original dividing line between the grant to Bedon and 
that to Carterett and the writer has not endeavored on the map 
to do so. 


On 17 August 1676 a grant was made to Hugh Cartwright for 
117 acres between George Bedon and Thomas Thompson." Hugh 

"Printed Warrants, 1672-1679,p.2i. 

»• Proprietory Grants, vol. 38, p. 300. 

" Printed Warrants, 1680-1692, p. 33. 

" Of: Hist: Com", Bk. 1701-1712, p. 190. 

" Memo: Bk., 5, p. 183. 

"Of: Hist: Com\ Bk. 1701-1712, p. 67; Bk. 1701-1714, p. 297. 

•» Proprietory Grants, voL 38, p. 229. 


Carterett died in 1693 and by his will left his lands to his three 
sons Hugh, Richard and Robert." What became of Hugh and 
Robert the writer has not ascertained, but later Richard is found 
in possession of the entire 117 acres, off which in 1697 he sold 40 
acres to George Bedon^' who transferred them to Thomas Pinck- 
ney.^® On the 11 January 1700®' a grant was made to Richard 
Carterett for 200 acres. A copy of the map attached to this 
grant remains®* and calls for 210 acres between the Ashley and 
Cooper rivers and gives the Northern boundary of the grant. 
Richard Carterett subsequently acquired as we have seen the 
greater part of the George Bedon grant of 150 acres and about 233 
acres off the western part of the Joseph Dalton grant and at his 
death his lands passed to his three sons Daniel, Richard, and 
Hugh.®* Before his death he had sold off the 40 acres mentioned 
to George Bedon, 39^ acres to Elizabeth Lindrey and apparently 
some tracts to others. The spelling Carterett apparently disap- 
pears with this Richard Cartwright, for in the docimients his name 
is generally and his sons names nearly if not quite always spelled 

The 40 acres transferred to Pinckney were acquired by Charles 
Hart'° who seems to have added to it 37 acres 3 roods off of Rich- 
ard Cartwrights holdings for in 1735 he transferred a plantation of 
77 acres 3 roods covering that area to John Whitfield.^ This 77 
acres next is found in the hands of the Hon. John Colleton of 
Fairlawn (the transfer from Hart is not on the record) who called 
it "Exmouth" and whose residence seems to have been on the 
point where the City of Charleston had a number of circular shaped 
brick powder magazines which in a more or less dilapidated state 
are still there. In an article in a previous number of this Maga- 
zine^'' the present writer stated that it was North of the Magazine 
buildings and that Exmouth included the old Parade Ground and 

" Prohale Ct. Charleston, Bk. 1671-1727, p. 11. 

« O/.- 5w/. C(wt», Bk. 1696-1703, p. 95. 

"Ibid., p. 97. 

" Proprietory Grants, \o\.3&, p. 3^. 

" Of: Hist. Com*, Bk. 1696-1739, p. 367. 

•» Memo Bk., 3, p. 182. 

^^ Memo Bk., S, p. ISS. 

" M. C. O. Charleston, Bk. P, p. 68. 



the Oaks Club. Fuller investigation and additional maps show 
that this was an error and the true North line of Exmouth was 
where placed on the map accompanying this article. By Sir John 
Colleton (son of the last mentioned John Colleton) Exmouth was 
sold to Thomas Boone Royal Governor of the Province of Caro- 
lina who called it " Bachelors Hall" and who sold it to Felix Long 
who sold it to Aaron Loocock, Nathaniel Russell and Andrew 
Lord when it became the site of the enterprise called the Rumney 
Distillery. Loocock acquired the interests of his two cotenants 
and sold off a part lying East of the present Meeting street con- 
taining 48| acres to John Langstaffe^' whose son Benjamin Lang- 
staffe in 1823 conveyed to the State of South Carolina the old 
residence place in the deed called "Laurel Island," for the pur- 
poses of a public arsenal;^* and on which are the circular shaped 
magazine buildings just alluded to. The remainder of the tract 
with the addition of the farm formerly owned by Daniel and Han- 
nah Gale was laid out into streets and squares and called the village 
of Rumney. It included the area between the present Meeting 
and King streets from about Huger street on the South to the 
line of Isabella street on the North. 

West of this area so afterwards called the village of Runmey lay 
a farm of some 84 acres which has always defeated the efforts of 
the writer to explain. 

It apparently lies within the lines of the Bedon and Cartwright 
grants but it is first found as a whole in the hands of George Logan. 
On 2 Jany 1706/7 Richard Cartwright conveyed to George Logan 
29 acres part of the grant to his father Hugh Cartwright which 
then bounded North and West on Logan.'* George Logan in his 
will devises to his daughter Hellen the tract of 84 acres purchased 
from John Wright, M' Cartwright and M' Hobkins.'^ The writer 
has not been able to discover from whom Wright and Hobkins 
acquired. Hellen Logan married Landgrave Robert Daniel and 
with her husband in 1726 transferred this 84 acres to Robert 
Hume'' who devised it to his brother Alexander Hume, who trans- 


« Ibid., Bk. T, N°. 12, p. 296. 

"O/; Hist: Com", Bk. 1701-1712, p. 239. 

^'Probate Ct. Charleston, Bk. 1671-1727, p. 149. 

" M. C. O. Charleston, Bk. F, p. 253. 


ferred to George Saxby^' who sold to George Marshall (of whom 
more presently) whose executors sold to Robert Williams Junr." 
who sold to Thomas Pike^" from whom it passed to William Bamp- 
field at whose death it was about 1794 divided among up his heirs. 
There is considerable confusion as to the Carteretts and Cart- 
wrights which the writer has never satisfactorily cleared up. A 
Robert Cartwright makes the conveyance of the 65 acres ofif the 
Scott grant to Thomas Gadsden when apparently the land be- 
longed to Daniel, Richard, and Hugh Cartwright, and there is 
another settler named Nicholas Carteret who had apparently no 
connection with Hugh, but as the object of this article is to locate 
the original grants, the exactness of these subdivbions, and 
genealogical accuracy in the relations of the owners need not be 
enquired too closely into. 


On 27 July 1672 a warrant was issued*^ to lay out to Thomas 
Thompson 300 acres or so much as was contained between the 
lands to be laid out to George Beadon and Hugh Carterett to the 
South and Henry Simonds to the North. This acreage being 
allowed to Thomas Thompson and his wife as having arrived in 
the first fleet. A grant was made on 15 April 1683 to Thomas 
Thomson but for only 100 acres within the same bounds.^ The 
writer has never been able to locate this grant as being the source 
of title to any subsequent holders. It probably was treated as 
abandoned and escheated, and seems to have been included in 
the later holdings of M" Elizabeth Lindrey and John Watkins." 


Henry Simonds, Symons, or Simons, (it is spelled in all three 
ways) received a warrant dated 27 July 1672 for 150 acres or so 

"Ibid., Bk. C.C, p.337. 
" Memo Bk., 9, p. 354. 
" M. C. 0. Charleston, Bk. H, N°. 3, p. 482. 
n Printed Warrants, 1672-1679, p. 25. 
" Proprietory Grants, vol. 38, p. 226. 

" See however Tho* Thompson to Tho' Stanyarne deed for 45 acres 27 
Deer., 1675, 0/; Hist: Com*, Bk. G, p. 55 which may refer to this grant. 


much as was contained between the lands to be laid out to Thomas 
Thompson to the South and Joseph Pendarvis to the North.** 
This was allowed to him for his arriving in the first fleet This 
Henry Simonds had no knoi^ii connection with the South Caro- 
lina family of Simons' who descend from another immigrant — 
Benjamin Simons of Middleburg on the Eastern Branch of Cooper 
river. On 12 April 1681 another warrant was issued which recites 
that Henry Simonds had formerly taken up a parcel of land on the 
Oyster Point joining to Joseph Pendarvis to the North and Hugh 
Cartwright to the South (this looks as if Thomas Thompson had 
disappeared) which he had settled, and had run out by John Cul- 
peper but owing to Culpeper's illegal departure the plat and sur- 
vey were lost — and directs there be laid out to Henry Simonds the 
said land being about 80 acres}** and on 19 March 1692 a grant 
was made to Henry Simonds for 80 acres on the Neck near Charles 
Town,*^ which 80 acres formed a part of Sans Souci and Magnolia 
Umbra as hereafter shown. 


On 27 July 1672 a warrant was issued to lay out to Joseph Pen- 
darvis 250 acres (allowed for himself, Elizabeth his wife, and Pris- 
cilla her daughter arriving in the first fleet) or so much as was con- 
tained between the land to be laid out to Henry Simonds to the 
South and William Kennis to the North," followed by a grant 
on the 1 January 1675 but for only 137 acres** which became a 
part of Magnolia Umbra and of: 


Joseph Pendarvis by his will proved 2 Febry 1695*' devised to 
his grandson (or stepgrandson?) William Allen, son of Priscilla 
Rose formerly Priscilla Allen, that part of his grant lying West of 
the Broad Path, for which William Allen 20 August 1701 took out 

•* Printed Warrants, 1672-1679, p. 25. 

>* Printed Warrants, 1680-1^2, p. 3$. 

" Proprietory Grants, vol. 38, p. 188. 

" Printed Warrants, 1672-1679, p. 26. 

** Proprietory Grants, vol. 38, p. 3. ♦ 

-S.C. Hist: br Gen Mag: \o\.li,p.l^ 


a new grant to himself as containing 70 acres.*" This 70 acres 
with 80 acres off the Henry Simonds grant were acquired by John 
Watkin's certainly as early as 1719 in which year he conveyed to 
Judith Ladson a free coloured woman referred to in the deeds as 
"Free Judy" a parcel of 6| acres off the tract on the Broad Path, 
just about where now the avenue to Magnolia Cemetery leaves the 
Meeting street road.'^ The remainder of the tract containing 
143| acres (or stated as 150 acres) long continued as a separate 
farm or plantation. In 1723 John Watkins and Mary his wife 
conveyed this 143| acres to Jonathan Collings (or Collins)** and 
after the death of Collings his widow Sarah (who married Robert 
Johnston a merchant in Charles Town)'' conveyed in 1750 the 
property to her son Jonathan Collings; who with Mary his wife 
on the 26 October 1750 transferred it to Benjamin D'Harriette,** 
who on 18 Deer. 1754 conveyed it to George Marshall.*' 

George Marshall as we have seen also owned the 84 acre tract 
lying to the South. Pelatiah Webster who made a trip to Charles 
Town in 1765 gives an account in his journal of a visit to George 
Marshall on 5^^ June 1765 viz: "Rode out to M"" George Marshall's 
country seat 3 miles from town on Ashley River: dined there; 
view** his plantation: saw his rice and indigo growing in the 
field .... M' Marshall is a Scotch gentleman of great 
humanity and courtesy, very happy in his plantation & of a fine 
agreeable temper: he has a very beautiful orangery, & fine garden 
with variety of fine vegetables of the growth of the climate, as 
oranges, chickesaw plumbs, catalpas, nectarines, figs &c &c" 
At George Marshall's death the property was by his Executors 
sold to "Joseph Ball of Charlestown Sugar Baker" who on 14 
Nov' 1767 transferred it to Robert Williams Jun'.** Robert 
Williams Jun' was an attorney at law, practicing in Charles Town 
as was his father Robert Williams S' and who both seemed to 
have had a large practice. Some time after (the record does not 

•0 Proprietory Grants, vol. 38, p. 403. 

" M. C. 0. Charleston, Bk. D, p. 87. 

" Ibid., Bk. Q, p. 128; Memo Bk., 3, p. 385. 

" Ibid. 

•» M. C. O. Charleston, Bk. H.H., pp. 121, 125. 

** Memo Bk., vol. 7, p. 298. 

*' Memo Bk., 9, p. 354. 


show when) the property passed to Arthur de Baxdeleben for 
whom in 1784 a plat of the property was made which shows quite 
elaborate grounds and gardens. In 1787 de Bardeleben sold to 
W" Cooke'^ whose assignees in 1799 conveyed it to Theodore 
Gaillard J' and Thomas Simons who in 1800 partition it between 
them as known by the name of Sans Souci.'^ This is the first time 
on the record it is designated by that name, but in the subsequent 
partitions and sales it is referred to as Sans Souci. It is impossible 
to say when the name was first conferred. The Northern bound- 
ary line ran from the Broad road to the Ashley river at about 
where the road now leads to the Schuetzenplatz of the German 
Rifle Club. 


North of Exmouth lying East of the Broad Path lay a tract of 
land which as one plantation is first found in the ownership of 
M" Elizabeth Lindrey. She acquired 13 acres out of the grant to 
Henry Simonds and 112 acres from Joseph Pendarvis and for this 
125 acres on 5 Febry 1704 she took out a new grant to herself." 
She then purchased from Richard Cartwright in 1705, 39§ acres 
off the Cartwright grant, and devised the 164)^ acres to her son 
by a former marriage — Gillson Clapp — who purchased an addi- 
tional 10 acres, and on 2 Sept' 1726 with Margaret his wife con- 
veyed the 174| acres to Robert Hume an attorney at Law of 
Charles Town.^°" Robert Hume added 10 acres purchased from 
Charles Hart, apparently part of the Simonds grant, and also 
100 acres of marsh and the property became his residence and 
country seat. By his will he devised the whole to his brother 
Alexander Hume of London, who on 16 June 1744 conveyed the 
whole to George Saxby.^** 

The property next appears in the ownership of one Peter Com- 

met^°2 from whom it passed to Porcher and then to Leonard 

Greaves whose executors in 1767 conveyed to Paul Hamilton who 

" M. C. O. Charleston, Bk. C, N» 6, p. 501. 

»• Ibid., Bk. 7, p. 285. 

»» Proprietory Grants, vol. 38, p. 461; M. C. O. CharUsUm» Bk. F, p. 27«. 

»"Ibid.,Bk.DJ)..p. 75. 


in the same year conveyed to William Burrows.'*" On 8 Fabry 
1781 William Burrows sold the property to William Cunnington.*"* 
In Cunnington's hands it was surveyed and laid out into farms 
streets and lots and sold out in parcels. The North boundary of 
the tract was the line marked by Moultrie street to Belvedere 
creek and then down the creek to the river: the west boundary was 
the public road; and the South boundary approximately the line 
of Williman Street. A part of this tract was purchased by the 
Field Officers of the Fourth Brigade (under the law of the State) 
and used as a parade ground. The Oaks Club had a small lot on 
it. Magnolia cemetery, St. Lawrence cemetery and the other con- 
tiguous cemeteries are all on parts of this 184§ acres and appar- 
ently on that part which was a portion of the grant to Joseph 
Pendarvis. The site of the old plantation dwelling house was 
according to the plats at about the spot where the office or resi- 
dence of the Superintendent of Magnolia Cemetery now stands. 


On 27 July 1672 a warrant was issued to lay out to William 
Kennis 400 acres or so much as was contained between the land 
laid out to Joseph Pendarvis to the South and John Williamson 
to the North.'"^ No grant ever appears to have been made under 
this warrant nor any possession taken by Kennis. On 14 June 
1679 a warrant was issued to lay out to John Meader 200 acres.^* 
No grant appears to have followed this warrant but on 24 March 
1693/4 a grant was made to Jonathan Amory for 100 acres.*"^ 
On 6 February 1704/5 a grant was made to Henry Wigington for 
144 acres which recites that Jonathan Amory had died possessed 
of 100 acres commonly called Meaders Plantation as would appear 
from the original grants and several mesne conveyances to Jona- 
than Amory, and that the 100 acres with about 44 acres of marsh 
land adjoining are now vested in Henry Wigington. The descrip- 
tion of the grant to Wigington is of 144 acres of land and marsh 

'«Jfmtf5&.,9, p. 324. 

>o« M. C. O. CharksloH, Bk. F, 5, p. 203. 

»» Printed Warrants, 1672-1679, p. 26. 

»" Ibid., p. 200. 

>•» Proprietory Grants, vol. 38, p. 87. 


on the Oyster Point Neck commonly known by the name of 
Meaders plantation on the West side of Cooper river bounding 
East on a creek out of Cooper river South part on a creek and 
marsh and part on M" Elizabeth Lindrey late Elizabeth Clapp 
West on the Broad Path and North on Docf Charles Burnham.^"' 
Oh 7 June 1712 the General Assembly of the Province ratified an 
Act whereby a Commission consisting of Charles Hart, Col. W™ 
Rhett and Col. Hugh Grange were directed to purchase a tract 
of land to be within six miles of Charles Town and to contain not 
less than 100 nor more than 300 acres and thereon to build a 
brick dwelling house with other conveniences, to cost not exceed- 
ing £1000: all the same to be for the use of the Right Honourable 
the Governor and the succeeding Governors of the Province.^** 
The directions of the Act were carried out and the property was 
purchased from Wigington and a dwelling house built which be- 
came known as the "Governor's House." The Governor at the 
time, and for whom, the tradition is, the Assembly especially in- 
tended to provide, was Governor Charles Craven a brother of 
William Lord Craven one of the Lords Proprietors. Governor 
Craven was one of the most capable and beloved of the Governors 
under the rule of the Proprietors and no doubt occupied the resi- 
dence until his departure in 1716. The succeeding Governor ap- 
pointed by the Proprietors — Robert Johnson — also probably occu- 
pied it as a residence near the seat of Government until the revo- 
lution of 1720: when it was possibly occupied by James Moore the 
Revolutionary Governor; but on 10 March 1721 an Act was passed 
by the General Assembly vesting in the Honourable Robert John- 
son the 144 acres being a plantation and house commonly called 
the Governor's house situate on Oyster Point alias Charles Town 
neck bounding North on Docf Charles Burnham East on a marsh 
of Cooper river South part on marsh and part on Gillson Clapp 
and West on the Highway or Broadpath."" After Governor John- 
son's death the property was by his eldest son Robert, to whom he 
had devised it, conveyed in 1739 to Gabriel Manigault as "The 
Point" on Charles Town neck containing 146 acres.*" When 

"» O/; Bisl: ConT, Bk. N.C., p. 293. 
"» Statutes at Large, vol. 2, p. 380. 
"» Mctno Bk., 3, p. 380. 
"» M. C. O. Charleston. Bk. T. p. 248. 


Gabriel Manigault disposed of the property does not appear on 
the record, but on 16 June 1744 it was held by Governor James 
Glen. '■ and in 1749,"' and eitlif^r by Glen or some transferree of 
hu must have been conveyed to Thui.t^s Shubrick who held it 
in 1757'^* although no conveyance to Shubrick appears on the rec- 
ord. When the name Belvedere was given to it - oes not appear. 
Probably by the Shubricks for it was known by that name whilst 
in their hands. From Thomks Shubrick it passed to his son known 
as Col: Thomas Shubrick after whose death the property was in 
1812 divided up and sold; a tract of 30 acres called the Belvedere 
Mansion House tract being conveyed to his widow M"» Mary Shu- 
brick;"^ after whose death this mansion house tract was in 1835 
conveyed to Misses Maria H. and Harriott Pinckney.^^^ It is at 
present owned by the Charleston Country Club. When the pres- 
ent dwelling was built is not known to the writer but certainly 
later than 22 March 1796 when according to the notice in the 
Gazette "Belvedere the elegant seat of Thomas Shubrick esq: three 
"miles from this city, was yesterday morning destroyed by fire."^^' 
The place was thus the residence of three colonial Governors, Cra- 
ven, Johnson, and Glen, and of two wealthy families, Manigault, 
and Shubrick. The surmise of the present writer in an earlier 
number of this Magazine"^ that it may also have been the residence 
of Governor James Colleton was clearly erroneous. When the 
present fine grove of live oak trees was planted is not known. This 
with other evidences of labour and expenditure show that at one 
time the grounds were laid out as an ornamental country seat. 
The creek to the South was formerly and a pond created 
and used to run a mill known as Belvedere Mill or Shubricks Mill. 
This j^ructure continued as late as the boyhood of the late Col 
Edward M=Crady who told the v.riter he had been thro' it when 

a boy. 


"!= i.oe map M. C. O. Charleston, Bk. C.C, p. ZZ1. 

"» Ibid., Bk. D.D., p. 75. 

"« Mevio Bk., 9, pp. 305, 324. 

•" M. C. O. Charleston, Bk. T, N° 12, p. 339. 

'-Ibid.,Bk.I,N°10,p. 172. 

'" S. C. Hist: £r Gen: Mag: vol. VI, p. 98. 




Across the Broad path from Belvedere and situate on the Ashley 
river was a plantation known from a very early period as the " Rat 
Trap." On 13 March 1693/4 a grant was made to Jonathan Am- 
ory for 60 acres,"' no location or description is given in the grant 
and it is surmised that it is the same 60 acres of which on 10 June 
1696 Jonathan Amory makes a gift to Joseph Croskeys in consid- 
eration of a marriage between Joseph Croskeys and Judith Amory 
the eldest daughter of Jonathan: said 60 acres being "on Charles- 
" towne Neck fenced in with Cedar posts & pales and commonly 
"known by the name of the Ratt Trapp" bounding East upon 
the Broad Path and South on lands granted to Joseph Pendarvis 
dec"* and by him given to his grandson William Allen. To this 60 
acres was added 60 acres conveyed to Joseph Croskeys by Charles 
Burnham in November 1699 off a large grant of 270 acres made to 
Burnham.^20 gy agreement between Amory and Burnham this 
60 acres was to be transferred to Amory upon Burnham receiving 
his grant, but no transfer having been made prior to Amory's 
death, at the request of Amory's widow, and executrix Burnham 
conveyed the 60 acres to Croskeys, lying West of the Broad Path 
and adjoining on the North the 60 acres already by Amory given 
to Croskeys. From Croskeys (or some grantee of his) the prop- 
erty passed to Charles Hart who in 1724 mortgages, the tract 
conmionly called the Rat Trap on Charles Town Neck contain- 
ing 120 acres,^^* and in 1726 conveys it as containing 140 acres 
commonly called the Rat Trap to Thomas Cooper gentleman and 
"Eleana" his wife.^ It is next in the ownership, in 1755 — of 
Edward Bullard.^' Edward Bullard married Sarah Harris widow 
(whose maiden name was Sarah Tucker) and after Bullard's death 
the Rat Trap passed to his widow, on whose death it became the 
property of her son by her former marriage — D' Tucker Harris. 
For many years D' Tucker Harris lived and practiced as a physician 
in the City of Charleston. He died in 1821 leaving seven daughters 

"• Proprietory Grants, vol. 38, p. 86. 

«» Off: Hist: Com", vol. 1696-1703, p. 152 and 61. 

^ M. C. O. Charleston, Bk. D, p. 208. 

»»Ibid., Bk. E,p.306. 

"» Ibid., Bk. S.S., p. 34; Bk. W.W., p. 130. 


to take his estate, and sometime about 1849 the Rat Trap was 
divided up into seven farms'^* and partitioned among his daugh- 
ters or their representatives, and gradually sold off to different 
persons. The Rat Trap was situated to the West of the public 
road lying between the road and the Ashley river. The South 
boundary was approximately the line of the road from the public 
road to the Schutzenplatz and the North boundary was a line to 
the river nearly opposite the present road to the Etiwan Phosphate 
works. D' Harris seems sometime before his death to have 


changed the name to "Hayfield Farm." At least there is a map 
on record which styles it D' Harris' Hayfield Farm."* 

Why prior to 1696 the name Rat Trap was bestowed upon the 
property the writer cannot guess. It may be the shape of the 
map of the original 60 acres had the form of a trap but this does _ 
not seem plausible. 


On 27 July 1672 a warrant was issued to lay out to John William- 
son 450 acres allowed for himself and two servants arriving in the 
1st fleet, or so much thereof as was contained between the lands 
to be laid out for William Kennis to the South, and Samuel West to 
the North. No grant seems to have followed this warrant and, 
as in the case of William Kennis it would appear to have been 
abandoned."® In the deed in 1699 from Charles Bumham to 
Joseph Croskeys he states that the 60 acres formerly belonged to 
a greater quantity for which there was no grant but was in Bum- 
ham's tenure, and that he had agreed with Amory to nm out and 
take a grant for the whole tract."' Accordingly a warrant was is- 
used 26 May 1696 to lay out to Doct' Charies Bumham 270 
acres:"' and on 9 Sept'. 1696 a grant was made to him for 270 
acres on Charles Town Neck, bounding East on Long Point Creek, 
South on Jonathan Amory and West on Ashley river."' From this 

^ Ibid., Bk. N, N» 12, p. 322. 
«» Ibid., Bk. Q, N» 7, p. 179. 
^Printed Warrants, 1672-1679, p. 27. 
"^ Of: Hist Cam'., Bk. 1696-1703, p. 152. 
"« Printed Warrants, 1692-1711, p. 119. 
"•OanI*, vol 38, p. 314. 


grant he transferred 60 acres to Joseph Croskeys lying West of 
the Broad Path which became a part of the Rat Trap. On the 
23 July 1711 he obtained another grant for 60 acres''" on the Neck 
adjoining the first grant. In 1700 he had sold to Samuel West 43 
acres'^' all the remaining part of his grant of 270 acres lying West 
of the Broad Path, and these sales of 103 acres left him of his two 
grants one plantation of about 227 acres all lying East of the 
Broad Path. 

Doct' Charles Burnham devised the property to his son Charles 
Burnham J"" as the plantation on which he lived described as in 
two grants and bounding South on lands lately of Henry Wigington 
but then of the Public (i.e. the Governors House). 

Charles Burnham the younger in turn devised to his son Nich- 
olas Burnham, whose sister Mary married Artemas Elliott. 
Nicholas Burnham devised the property to his two nieces 
Mary and Margaret Elliott.*^^ Mary Elliott married Robert 
Cochran'^ and after her marriage the property was divided be- 
tween the sisters, Margaret receiving the Northern portion con- 
taining some 118^ acres and Mary the Southern portion just 
North of Belvedere.''^ Margaret Elliott thereafter married James 
Darby.^'^ On the portion of his wife Robert Cockran established, 
or continued a shipyard which became well known, and at which 
boats and vessels of the size in use at the time on the coast were 
constructed and repaired. It was known as Cochrans shipyard 
and as prior to Cochrans time the writer has found no evidence 
of a shipyard there it is most likely he established it. The exist- 
ence of this shipyard gave to the creek on which it was located 
the name of Shipyard Creek. Before that it had been called 
Long Point Creek and the upper part of the creek still continued 
for some time to be so called but the name Shipyard Creek gradu- 
ally supplanted the other name. It was at this shipyard that the 
frigate John Adams — a frigate of 32 guns was built between No- 
vember 1798 and June 1799 when she was launched. She was 

"» Ibid., vol. 39, p. 121. ' 

»" Memo Bk., 2, p. 83. 

«» M. C. O. Charleston, Bk. G, N" 4, p. 159, 

•" Ibid., Bk. Z, N" 5, p. 389. 

•« Ibid., Bk. D, N° 6, p. 203. 

•» Ibid.. Bk. H, N" 4. p. 47. 


paid for by a popular subscription in Charleston and was con- 
structed by Paul Pritchard. The late Charles Fraser in his remi- 
niscences states that he saw her on the stocks before she was 
launched. James Darby was also a shipwright and probably the 
shipyard was the enterprize of both the brothers-in-law. After 1800 
Robert Cochran and his wife sold off Mary Cochran's part of the 
property which became broken up into small farms and holdings. 
One of these farms containing 13}/2 acres was acquired by the HonL 
Joel R. Poinsett."* It was situated at the corner of the public 
road and the road dividing Cochran's property from Belvedere 
called Shubrick's avenue. M'- Poinsett made of this farm a sort 
of country retreat, and it was well known as Poinsett's Farm. After 
his death it was conveyed to the late Edward McCrady attorney 
at law of Charleston who added it to a tract of 17 acres part of 
the Cochran property which he had already purchased and the 
tract constituted his residence up to the war of 1861-1865, living 
on the farm except in Summer when he lived on Sullivan's Island. 
After 1800 also the Darby portion which had become vested in 
Artemas Burnham Darby, the son of James and Margaret Darby 
was broken up and sold out into smaller holdings. At one point 
on the Darby property, near the creek, and just North of the ship- 
yard the State constructed a magazine for the storage of gunpow- 
der, the heavy foundations of which were plainly visible a few 
years ago. There is or was on this property a family cemetery or 
burial place. 


On 27 July 1672 a warrant was issued to lay out to Samuel West 
450 acres (allowed for himself and two servants arriving in the 
first fleet) or so much thereof as lay between the lands to be laid 
out to John Williamson to the South and Ralph Marshall to the 
North.*'^ Samuel West was one of the original passengers who 
came in the Carolina on her very first voyage."* He settled in the 
Province and left numerous descendants. The warrant was for 
450 acres but no grant to him appears and a grant to his son was 

"•Ibid., BkP, N°8,p. 202. 

"' Printed Warrants, 1672-1679, p. 27. 

"« CoU" Hist: Soc: of S. C, vol. V, p. 136. 


not made until 33 years later viz: on 15 Sept' 1705^" and is only 
for 94 acres. The certificate of the surveyor annexed to this grant 
states that the 94 acres is part of 243 acres formerly run out to 
Samuel West dec** but the difference between 94 acres and 243 
acres must have been abandoned or transferred. Prior to the date 
of this grant Samuel West had on 4 Oct' 1700 purchased from 
Charles Bumham off his 270 acres grant 43 acres lying West of 
the Broad Path"" and the 137 acres passed from the first Samuel 
West to his son Samuel West**^ who on 3 February 1740 conveyed 
the 137 acres to Childermas Croft being situate on Ashley river 
West of the public road and North of the Rat Trap.^" Childer- 
mas Croft on 20 April 1744 conveyed the 137 acres to Branfill 
Evance who died intestate and on 24 Deer 1766 the 137 acres was 
by his widow Rebecca Evance and son Samuel Baker Evance 
conveyed to Melcher Verley, Butcher."' From Verley it seems to 
have passed to Henry Timrod (the father of the poet William 
Henry Timrod and grandfather of the more illustrious poet Henry 
Timrod) who in January 1784 with Christian his wife conveyed 
the 137 acres to D' George Hahnbaum and Jacob Williman, who 
in 1788 partitioned it equally between them.^** The Northern 
half which fell to Jacob Williman and became well known as 
Williman's Farm, was in 1823 conveyed by his Executors to M' 
John Eraser"* by whom it was held (or many years. 


On 30 May 1674 a warrant was issued to lay out to Ralph Mar- 
shall 148 acres (allowed to him arriving in the first fleet) or so 
much thereof as lay between the lands of Samuel West to the 
South and Thomas Norris to the North.^^ This warrant seems to 
have been superseded by another dated 7 January 1685 to lay 
out to him 96 acres and on 23 April 1685 a grant was made to 

"» Memo Bk., 4, p. 59. 

"0 Off: Hist: Com* Memo Bk,, 2, p. 83. 

^*^ Memo Bk.,1, p. 256. 


"» M. C. O. Charleston, Bk. M. N° 5, p. 487. 

"♦ Ibid., Bk. Y. N° S, p. 427. 

'« Ibid., Bk. N. NO 9, p. 20. 

"• Printed Warrants 1672-1679, p. 75. Ibid., 1680-1692, p. 183. 


Ralph Marshall for 96 acres between Ashley and Cooper rivers.**' 
Ralph Marshall came over on the Carolina on her first voyage 
served in Parliament and on the Grand Council, held other prop- 
erty, and seems to have left descendants, but must have either 
disposed of, or abandoned this grant as the writer has not been 
able to find further mention of it and it seems to have been over- 
laid by the grants to th« McLaughlin's and to William Smith. 

On 15 July 1697 a grant for 20 acres was made to William 
M^'Laughlin bounding Northeast on Long Point Creek, Northwest 
and Southwest on James Williamson.*** This land evidently de- 
scended to James M<"Laughlin the son of William; and on 14 Deer 
1714 a grant was made for 50 additional acres to James Maclaugh- 
lln;**' who by his will devised to his son William McLaughlin,*'* 
from whom the land descended to John McLaughlin his son, who on 
17 Deer 1783 conveyed to John Bowers the tract of 70 acres*" 
as made up of two grants of 20 and 50 acres on Charleston Neck 
bounding East on a creek from Cooper river (Long Point Creek) 
North on M'^ Elizabeth Pinckney (Belmont) West on James Dono- 
van, and South on M" Frost (the Darby Farm). The tract con- 
tained really more than 70 acres, overrunning as most old grants 
do. John Bowen in 1811 devised the property to his son John 
W. Bowen*^* from whom in 1828 it was sold away.*'' During the 
ownership of the Bowens the property was known as the Bowen 
Farm and after 1828 it passed in rapid succession thro' a number 
of hands until September 1849, when it was acquired by Thomas 
P. Allen,*'* during whose ownership it was known as the Allen 
Farm and by whose representatives it was in 1881 sold to the 
Edisto Phosphate Company as containing 853^ acres of high land 
and 203^ acres of marsh. There is on this property an. old family 
cemetery with a number of tombs. 

1" Proprietory Grants, vol. 38, p. 220. 

"«3fcmtf5*., I,p. 241. 

"» Proprietory Grants, vol. 38, p. 48; Memo Bk., I, p. 244. 

«o Prob: Ct: Ckirleston, Bk. 1760-1767, p. 3. 

1" M. C. O. Charleston, Bk. Q. N° 5, p. 170. 

'« Prob: Ct: Charleston, Bk. 1807-1818, p. 228. 

"» M. C. O. Charleston, Bk. X. N° 9, p. 389. 

i" Ibid., Bk. F. N" 12, p. 35. 



Opposite the McLaughlin property lying mainly to the West of 
the public road and between the public road and Ashley river lay 
a farm or plantation originally granted 28 June 1711 to William 
Smith (in a later deed styled "Major") for 70 acres bounding 
North on John Pendarvis, East on W" McLaughlin, and James 
Pickens, South on Samuel West and West on a marsh and creek 
of Ashley River.*" This grant seems to have approximately taken 
the place oi the grant for 96 acres to Ralph Marshall above alluded 
to. On 12 January 1721 William Smith the "son and heir appar- 
ent" of William Smith dec** conveyed the property as containing 
81 acres to Nathaniel Partridge*^® who devised it to his son Na- 
thaniel Partridge.'" The tract then appears in 1748 as owned by 
John M^Kenzie J'**^ and in 1753 as owned by Childermas Croft*" 
(who had apparently married a daughter of the last Nathaniel 
Partridge); and in 1786 as owned by James Donovan who in that 
year sold to John Bowen 17 acres of the grant lying East of the 
public road and called the Four mile house tract.**" This Four 
mile house was for many years a noted road house or tavern for 
travellers on the road to and from Charleston. About 1812 it 
was kept by a man named Fisher who with his wife was indicted 
for the murder of one of several travellers who at different times 
had disappeared after taking shelter at this Inn. Both Fisher and 
his wife were convicted and executed. In the Charleston Book 
published in 1845 consisting of selections from the writings of 
Charlestonians is a graphic account by John Blake White of the 
execution of Fisher and his wife under the title of " The Dungeon 
and the Gallows." 

The remainder of the farm lying west of the public road was in 
1791 conveyed by Donovan to Nicholas Cobia*'* whose widow 

»" Proprielory Grants, vol. 39, p. 108. 

'»• M. C. O. Charleston, Bk. E. p. 328. 

'" Ibid., Bk. R. p. 233. 

»» Ibid., Bk. D.D. p. 379. 

"» Ibid., Bk. N.N. p. 486. 


>« Ibid., Bk. G. N» 7, p. 340. 


Ann in 1847 conveyed it to R. VV. Disher*" in whose possession it 
was for many years known as Disher's Farm. 


North of the McLaughlin grants and East of the public road was 
situate the plantation called Belmont the country seat for many 
years of Charles Pinckney sometime Chief Justice of the Province, 
and of his descendants. According to the Memorial of Charles 
Pinckney made 24 April 1739^" it was a tract of 175 acres on Charles 
Town Neck which by divers mesne conveyances had become 
vested in Joseph Pendarvis and was by his Executors on 11 April 
1736 conveyed to Charles Pinckney and embraced 97 acres granted 
to Capt: Stephen Bull 16 Deer. 1676, and the remainder was part 
of a larger tract originally granted to John Faulconer 5 April 1676. 
There is on record a grant to Capt. Stephen Bull dated 17 Deer. 
1676 for 97 acres upon Oyster Point.^^ There are also on record 
several warrants in favour of John Falconer (who arrived in Sept' 
1670) issued in 1672 and 1675 for 440 acres.»" On 15 August 1676 
John Faulkner conveyed to Original Jackson carpenter 92 acres 
between Ashley and Wandow rivers bounding on the North side 
of lands of Thomas Norris.*^ In the warrant to Ralph Marshall 
already referred to the land to be allotted to him bounded North 
on Thomas Norris. Of this 92 acres John Jackson heir at law of 
Original Jackson conveyed on 31 August 1695 to Isaac Mazyck 
75 acres, who on 3 Nov' 1697 conveyed to Daniel Garnier, whose 
widow Magdaline Garnier in January 1708/9 conveyed the 75 
acres to John Pendarvis.*^' In this last conveyance the 92 acres 
is stated to have been part of a grant for 132 acres made 5 August 
1676 to John Faulconer near the Oyster Point. Chief Justice 
Charles Pinckney a distinguished lawyer, writing concerning his 
own title in 1739 must have been correct in his location of the 
grants forming the sources of his title altho' the present data do 


'" Memo Bk., 5, p. 388. 

"« Proprietory Grants, vol. 38, p. 19. 

»» Printed Warrants, 1672-1679, pp. 50, 103. 

»»0/; Hist: Com'. Bk. G. p. 108. 

^" Memo Bk.,1, p. 260. 


not "check oflf" either with the grant to, or the location of the 
lands of, John Falconer. 

John Pendarvis by his will in 1719'^' devises to his two younger 
sons Benjamin and John the tract of his land upon "Cupar" 
river bounding West on the Broad path and South upon the line 
of Major WiUiam Smith and "Mackloth" (McLaughlin) Imc. 
This is the proper description of Belmont and as the property was 
conveyed to Charles Pinckney by the Executors of Joseph Pen- 
darvis the eldest son of John Pendarvis he must have in some way 
acquired it from his brothers. Joseph Pendarvis in his will in 
1735^®^ devises the property as containing 175 acres to his Execu- 
tors to be sold. Charles Pinckney seems to have made Belmont 
his country seat and residence. In the life of Eliza Pinckney by 
her descendant the late M" St Julien Ravenel it is stated that in 
1741 Miss Lucas was a frequent visitor to her friends the Pinck- 
neys at Belmont. After Miss Lucas' marriage to M' Pinckney it 
became her residence and so continued apparently until after the 
construction by M' Pinckney of his fine residence in Charles 
Town when Belmont became only the country seat. M" Ravenel 
(p. 101) describes the house as "a delightful residence, a large brick 
"house, standing as most of the country houses did, a few hundred 
"yards from the waters edge, on a semicircular headland making 
"out into a bold creek, a branch of the Cooper River." 

At Chief Justice Pinckney 's death in July 1758 Belmont passed 
to his widow for life. She continued to make it her country resi- 
dence until the destruction of the residence, ti a letter from M*" 
Pinckney quoted by M" Ravenel (p. 278) apparently dated in 
May or June 1780 she says "the enemy was at Belmont and de- 
"stroyed everything in tlie house but took none of the negroes." 
In Garden's anecdotes (1** series p. 268) he states that in despite 
of the sohcitation of M'« Pinckney Col: Moncrief of the British 
army destroyed certain oak trees of remarkable beauty which had 
been planted by her deceased husband. On the map of Belmont 
made by Purcell in August 1785 the site of the house is marked 
"Remains of residence," so it apparently was destroyed Itjetween 
1780 and 1785. At the death of M" Pinckney the property passed 

»» Prob: Ct: Charleston, Bk. 1724-25, p. 76. 
»•» Ibid., Bk. 1732-1737, p. 300. 


to her eldest son Gen' Charles Cotesworth Pinckney whose attrib- 
uted utterance of "Millions for defence but not a cent for trib- 
"ute" has become embedded in the rock of American patriotic 

At General Pinckney's death Belmont passed to his daughters 
and in 1849 Misses Maria H. and Harriott Pinckney conveyed 
Belmont as containing 185^ acres to their cousin M"^* Harriott 
Pinckney Holbrook, concerning whom M"^ Ravenel in her work 
on Charleston the Place and the People has given us such a full 


Opposite to Belmont, lying West of the public road and between 
the road and Ashley river is a farm or tract also of some 175 acres. 
On 11 February 1698/9 a grant was made to John Pendarvis for 
200 acres^^° running from Ashley river to Long Point creek and 
bounding South on Samuel West and W™ M<-Laughlin. It seems 
to have embraced the 97 acre grant to Stephen Bull and a part at 
least of the land originally run out for Thomas Norris. To this 
200 acres he added 30 acres purchased in November 1706 from 
John Ladson;^" 12 acres purchased in December 1706 from Samuel 
West^^ and the 75 acres acquired in January 1703/9 from Magda- 
Une Gamier Executrix. By his will in 1719^^^ he devised the plan- 
tation on which he dwelt West of the Broad Path fronting on Ash- 
ley river to his eldest son Joseph Pendarvis who by his will in 1735 
devised it to Childermas Croft and John Hyrne as trustees for lus 
children by a negro woman named Parthena. The devolution of 
the title after that date is obscure. The trustees must have sold 
the property and it must have been acquired by Childermas Croft 
for although nothing direct appears upon the record yet the boimd- 
aries given in deeds for adjoining lands show this tract as first 
said to belong to Childermas Croft, then to his wife Sarah Croft 
and then to his daughter Catherine Croft. Probart Howarth 
married a daughter of Childermas Croft, and Hester the daughter 
of Probart Howarth married Capt James Graham, and by deeds 

^T> Memo Bk.,1, p. 24S. 

»» Ibid., p. 253. 

»" Ibid., p. 256. 

"» Prob: Ct: Charleston, Bk. 1724-25, p. 76. 


in 1786 all the land to which Hester was entitled under the wills 
of Sarah Croft, Catherine Croft, Childermas Croft and Childermas 
Harvey were vested in James Graham^^* who in 1794 executed a 
lease of the property as containing 175 acres, reserving the family 
vault ahd one acre around it.'" Subsequently in 1830 the prop- 
erty was sold as the property of the estate of Daniel Cobia to 
Christian D. Happoldt and was known as Happoldt's Farm. 
There is on this tract, at the Southeastern corner not far from the 
river a small graveyard in which there is a stone to the memory of 
Isaac Huger Jun: Esq. who died 22 Oct' 1791 aged 24 years and 
6 months. He was a son of General Isaac Huger of the Revolu- 
tion but how he came to be buried at this spot the writer cannot 

This grant to John Pendarvis and the next grant to John Lad- 
son seem to have been the last which crossed or "straddled" the 
peninsula from river to river. The later grants were for land upon 
one or the other river or in the space between. 


North of Belmont on Long Point creek and East of the public 
road was a plantation originally called Long Point and later 

On 7 Deer 1672 a warrant was issued to lay out to Richard 
Deyos 300 acres (allowed for himself and one servant Christopher 
Edwards arriving in the first fleet) or so much as was contained 
between the lands to be laid out to Thomas Norris to the South 
and Anthony Chume to the North."^ There had on 7 Sept' 1672 
been issued to Christopher Edwards a warrant for 170 acres al- 
lowed him for Margarett his wife and Anne his daughter arriving 
in Februaiy 1670/1, and on 18 January 1672 another warrant 
was issued to him for 80 acres.*'' The writer has not been able to 
find any grant to Richard Deyos, which seems to have been sup- 
planted by a grant to Christopher Edwards on 23 March 1677 for 
270 acrps.*'* On 14 July 1677 Christopher Edwards conveyed to 

"* M. CO. Charleston, Bk.V.N" 5, pp. S6i, 365. 


"'Printed Warrants, 1672-1679, p. 55. 

"» Ibid., pp, 32, 58. 

"*0f: Hist: Com", Bk. G. p. 146. 



John Bassant and Philip Orrill 80 acres fronting upon the planta- 
tion of John Murrell and called by the name of Long Point."' 
This plantation was apparently abandoned or transferred to Capt 
William Hawett for on 21 August 1696 a warrant was issued to 
William Hawett for a plantation commonly called Long Point 
bounding Northward on Cooper river and Westward on the lands 
of the said Hawett and Northwest and Southeast on two creeks of 
said river.'^** This was followed by a grant dated 9 Sepf 1696 to 
William Hawett for a tract of land commonly called Long Point 
containing 75 acres &c &c."^ About the same time William Hawett 
acquired an adjoining tract of 158 acres. On 9 May 1695 John 
Ladson had received a grant for 300 acres between the Ashley and 
Cooper rivers and on the 13 July 1695 he conveyed to John Bird 
that portion of the 300 acres which lay to the East of the public 
road containing 158 acres,^^ This 158 acres John Bird on 26 
Deer 1696 conveyed to William Hawett"^ thus vesting in Hawett 
233 acres. As well as the writer can determine by comparing de- 
scriptions the 158 acres was at the head of Long Point creek l3dng 
between the creek and the public road, whilst Long Point strictly 
was the point of land which makes to the Cooper river just be- 
yond the head of the creek, and was later known as the Ferry tract 
Sometime prior to 1719 the 158 acres was acquired by Thomas 
Elliott the immigrant of that name. An account of this Thomas 
Elliott and his descendants was given in a former number of this 
Magazine."' No transfer to Thomas Elliott appears directly 
upon the record but in the will of John Pendarvis dated in 1719 
herein before referred to, in referring to his land devised to his two 
younger sons (Belmont) he describes it as bounding North "on 
"line of Thomas Eleott who hath lately purchased the same of the 
"heires of Capt: William Hawett of Jamaco." Thomas Elliott 
is sometimes designated as "of Long Point" apparently giving 
to the plantation of 158 acres the name before restricted to the 
"point" of 75 acres. 

"• Ibid., p. 81. 

»» Printed Warrants, 1692-1711, p. 128. 

»« Of: Hist: Com'', Bk. N.C. p. 151. 

»a Ibid., Bk. G. p. 455. 

»" Ibid., Bk. 1696-1703, p. 28, 

"* Vol. XI, p. 57 


By his will made in 1731 Thomas Elliott devised the plantation 
and house whereon he lived to his son Joseph Elliott ajf ter the de- 
cease or new marriage of his wife Ann Elliott. It does not appear 
that this included the point of 75 acres for Joseph Elliott claimed 
to be entitled only to the tract of 158 acres on Charles Town Neck 
part of a tract of 300 acres granted to John Ladson 9 May 1695 
which his father Thomas Elliott had devised to him.'** By his 
last will Joseph EUiott directed the property to be sold and in 
some way the property was acquired by his eldest brother another 
Thomas Elliott who by his will in 1758 devised to his son Jehu 
all the lands he possessed on Charles Town Neck "part of two 
tracts" which is called Long Point.'*® In case his son Jehu left 
no issue then the lands were to be divided between the children 
of his two daughters Mary M<=Kewn and Sarah Elliott. Jehu 
died without issue. Sarah married Archibald Stanyarne and also 
seems to have died without issue. The property then went to 
the two daughters of M" M'^Kewn, one of whom, Sarah, married 
Andrew Johnston, and the other Susanna married D' George 
Haig. The property seems then to have been divided — the north- 
ern part fell to M" Johnston and was conveyed to John Clement 
and the southern part fell to M" Haig and seems in 1800 to have 
been owned by the Hon: William Johnson one of the Associate 
Justices of the U. S. Supreme Court'" but in some way returned 
to D^ Robert M=Kewn Haig a son of M" Haig who on 15 May 1801 
conveyed it to James Phillips'** who on 25 November 1802 conveyed 
to John Johnson J"** to whom in April 1802 the Northern part 
had already been conveyed,"" thus revesting in one holder the 
whole plantation. In 1807 John Johnson J"^ conveyed to Wade 
Hampton the whole tract as containing 186^ acres of highland 
and 72^ acres of marsh. The property remained in General 
Wade Hampton and his descendants for many years, — until 
after 1860. The name by which this property was known for 
many years was Stromboli. When the name of Long Point was 

»«i/emoB*., 3, p. 286. 

»»• Prob: Ct: Charleston, Bk. 1740-1767, p. 36. 

"^ M. C. O. Charleston. Bk. Y. N» 6, p. 304. 

'" Ibid., Bk. G. N» 7, p. 35. 

»»» Ibid., Bk. B. N° 8, p. 348. 

»»«Ibid., p. 354. 


discarded and that of Stromboli substituted the writer has not 
been able to ascertain. He has heard that it had that name when 
a part was owned by the Hon: William Jphnson prior to 1800, but 
there is nothing definite. 

When the distinctive "point" of 75 acres (in 1732 owned by 
W". Fulward) was acquired by John Clement the writer has not 
been able to ascei:tain. He seems to have owned it prior to 1800 
and on it established the ferry called Clements ferry. The ferry 
covered 15 acres on this tract which Clement apparently called 
Dover and 15 acres on the East side of the Cooper river which 
was called Calais on which were the respective landing places 
for the ferry. On 3 June 1817 under execution against John 
Clement the ferry tract containing 65 acres was sold to Adam 
Tunno,*" and a few days later the 15 acres called Dover and 
the 15 acres called Calais were sold to Gordon and Spring.*** 

The ferry tract was later sold by Tunno to Nathaniel Heyward 
who devised it to his daughter Elizabeth wife of Charles Manigault, 
and to Charles Manigault was also conveyed later the 15 acres 
called Dover and the whole reunited tract became a part of the 
property called Marshland or the Manigault Farm and was by the 
late D' Gabriel E. Manigault in 1880 conveyed to M" Cecelia 
Lawton. A part was subsequently by M"* Lawton conveyed to 
the Government for the purposes of the Navy Yard reservation. 


On 9 May 1695 a grant was made to John Ladson for 300 acres 
on the North side of Ashley river and the South side of Cooper 
river.**^ To this he added on 25 Ocf 1696 a grant of 60 acres of 
adjoining land."^ From this 360 acres he conveyed on 13 July 
1695 to John Bird 158 acres lying East of the public road.'** The 
remainder of his land descended to his eldest son John Ladson who 
in 1708 conveyed to Richard Cartwright64 acres*'* and in 1706 to 

»» Ibid., Bk. U. N° 8, p. 78. 

»« Ibid., Bk. M. N° 8, p. 255. 

»" 0. H. C. Bk. N.C. p. 76— also Bk. 1694-1739. 

*« Proprietory Grants, vol. 38, p. 321. 

»»• Off: Hist: Com* Bk. G. p. 455. 

»»• Ibid., Bk. 1701-1714, p. 305. 


John Pendarvis 30 acres.*" It is a little singular that in both 
these last deeds it is recited that the grant to John Ladson was 
for 210 acres whereas the grant was really for 300 acres. It may 
be that the conveyancer meant that John Ladson had 210 acres 
remaining out of land which had been granted to his father. The 
remainder of the land after all the mentioned conveyances must 
have been acquired by Thomas Elliott of "Long Point" as in the 
latter's will he devises to his daughter Beulah 60 acres off the tract 
of land formerly bought from M"^ Ladson commonly known as 
"Ladsons" being the part adjoining to M' Pendarvis "where the 
school house was built on."*'-'* The rest of "Ladsons" Thomas 
Elliott devised to his grandson William Elliott (son of his son 
William EUiott). 


Beulah Elliott married Thomas Rose. Apparently she did not 
dispose of her 60 acres during her life as deeds to adjoining property 
mention this boundary as on land belonging to the heirs of Beulah 
Elliott, but in 1779 it was purchased by James Postell from Thomas 
Grimball, and in 1792 was conveyed by James Postell to Doctor 
David Ramsay*^* as a plantation "commonly known by the name 
of Paradise," containing 69 acres. D' Ramsay was the well 
known historian and physician, the ancestor of the Ramsay family 
in Charleston. D' Ramsay married Martha Laurens (as his third 
wife) the daughter of Henry Laurens of the Revolution and died 
in 1815 as the result of a wound inflicted by a person of unsound 
mind (concerning whose mental condition he had given testimony). 
He held the property until 1811 when under a judgment against 
him it was sold to James F. Edwards as that farm known by the 
name of Paradise on the West side of the public road near the 
Four mile house containing 69 acres.^*" 

The other part of "Ladsons" devised by Thomas Elliott of 
Long Point to his grandson William Elliott, passed "by divers 
conveyances" to Elizabeth Elliott the sister of William: she married 
William Butler and after her husband's death devised the prop- 

^*' Ibid., Memo Bk., I, p. 255. 

"• M. C. O. Charleston, Bk. C.C. p. 3. 

"» Ibid., Bk. H. NO 6, p. 499. 

»«• Ibid., Bk. C. N° 8. p. 363. 


erty, as the farm on Charleston Neck, to her daughter Mary ^ 
liott Butler who married Thomas Savage, and in 1784 with her 
husband conveyed the farm to James Postell^"' as containing 56 
acres. James Postell must have in some way reconveyed to 
Thomas Savage for on 28 February 1804 Thomas Savage con- 
veyed it to Nathaniel Heyward.*"* 


West or North of "Ladsons" on the Ashley river lay a grant for 
600 acres made to Christopher Smith 15 Sept 1705."" Christo- 
pher Smith arrived quite early in the colony and was evidently a 
man of means. On 18 February 1680 a warrant was issued to 
lay out to him 852 acres and on 25 April 1681 another warrant to 
him was issued for 3000 acres.^°* He desired the Surveyor Genera! 
to lay out this 3000 acres at the head of Ashley river, but that 
officer returned that that land had already been laid out to S' 
Peter Colleton.^"* Under one of these warrants the land was sur- 
veyed out, and the grant made. The grant is not dated until 
1705 but the land had evidently been run out and possession taken 
by Christopher Smith long before, for the grant to John Ladson in 
May 1695 for 300 acres bounds West on Christopher Smith's land. 
Apparently Christopher Smith established his residence on this 
tract which he called Stock Prior.^*" At his death in 1706 he 
devised his property to his grandchildren, the children of his son 
John. His widow Dorothy Smith married Ralph Izard, and un- 
der authority of an Act of the General Assembly for the sale of 
the lands of Christopher Smith to pay his debts the Stock Prior 
property was in 1709 conveyed to Ralph Izard.^"' To this tract 
Ralph Izard the son of the first Ralph Izard to whom Stock Prior 
passed at his father's death in 1711 added an adjoining tract of 90 
acres granted 6 Novr 1704 to John Pilkington^"* which Pilkington 

»" Ibid., Bk. V.N' 5, p. 506. 

»" Ibid., Bk. L. N° 7, p. 467. 

»o» Proprietory Grants, vol. 38, p. 502. 

M' PrifUed Warrants, 1680-1692, pp. 32, 39. 

"* Ibid. Note. This was incorrect, it was already laid out to Lord Ashlqr. 

»« 5. C. Uist: br Gen: Mag: vol. 2, p. 208. 

»" Memo Bk., 5, p. 256. 

**• Proprietory Grants, vol. 38, p. 457. 


and Jane his wife conveyed to John Bulloch'"' and Bullock and 
Mary his wife in 1714 transferred to Izard;^'" and 64 acres off 
the Ladson 300 acre grant transferred by Ladson to Richard 
Cartwright and by Cartwright, and Anne his wife in 1712 trans- 
ferred to Ralph Izard^" the son of the first Ralph Izard. From 
this last Ralph Izard the Stock Prior plantation passed to his son 
Henry Izard whose executors on 26 May 1749 conveyed to Ben- 
jamin Smith 71^^ acres on the Ashley river ofif the Southwest part 
of the plantation.^'2 From Henry Izard the remainder of the 
plantation passed to his son Ralph Izard who in 1768 transferred 
it to Peter Manigault. Peter Manigault was the well known son 
of Gabriel Manigault and an account of both has been given in a 
previous number of this magazine.^*^ By Peter Manigault and 
his son Gabriel to whom the property passed it was gradually 
disposed off to different persons. The name of Stock Prior seems 
to have been discarded and the tract is sometimes referred to as 
the Quarter House tract or Izard's Quarter House plantation. 
On a map of the plantation made by W™ Maine in 1768 at the 
time of the sale to Manigault it is stated to be a map of the Quarter 
House tract upon Acca Bee river. 

The 71^ acres as sold to Benjamin Smith was situated on Ash- 
ley river and did not extend to the public road. 

By Benjamin Smith the 71 3^ acres seems to have been made a 
fine country seat. In the journal of Pelatiah Webster before re- 
ferred to he notes that on 1 June 1765 he "Rode into the country 
" seven miles with M' Tho. Loughton Smith to the country seat 
"of Col. Benj" Smith. Dined there: spent the afternoon very 
"pleasantly: the Col. is a Gent, of ab* 50, cheerful, easy, & gener- 
"ous has a great fortune & declines business, having turn** over 
"his mercantile affairs into the hands of his son Tho." By the 
will of Benjamin Smith at his death, in 1770, the property was 
directed to be sold by his executors, and passed to Roger Smith, 
who also acquired from Barnard Elliott the son of the first Barnard 

"» O/: Hist: Com", BL F. p. 77. 
*'« Memo Bk. 5, p. 256. 
"» Memo Bk. 5, p. 256. 
«» VoL XII, p. 116. 


Elliott an area of 53 acres extending to the public road,*'* and 
from Roger Smith the whole passed on 4 August 1801 to John 
Maynard Davis as a plantation situate at Accabee containing 124)^ 
acres extending from the river to the public road.'** Tlie prop- 
erty in the hands of the Smiths and Davis had a beautiful grove of 
Live Oaks and elaborate grounds and gardens. This appears from 
a fine map of it made while owned by Davis who called it Ryedale 
Farm. Davis transferred it in 1813 to the Phoenix Assurance Co., 
who transferred in 1821 to Mitchell King, who transferred in 
1826 to Samuel Prioleau, who transferred in 1831 to Simon Morri- 
son who died whilst in possession and a monument to whom now 
stands on the property. In 1839 the Executors of Morrison trans- 
ferred to A. Y. Walton whose heir transferred to Alonzo J. White 
who in 1849 transferred to John Brown reserving to a I] former 
owners and their heirs the cemetery with the right of burial. By 
John Brown the place seems to have been called Anna Brae.*^' 
The river front (or a part of it) is now the new cemetery called 
River View or Woodlawn Park Cemetery. On the Stock Prior 
property the Broad Path or country road from Charlestown made 
a fork. The right hand road at this fork went Northwardly to 
St James Goose Creek the "Congarees" &c, and the left hand 
road went Southwestwardly to the ferry across the Ashley river, 
and up along the river to Dorchester. 


Just South of this fork and near the point where the road di- 
vided, on the North or East side of the pubHc road, was a road- 
house, tavern, or inn, that existed from a very early date called 
the Quarter House. The first mention of it by that name the 
writer has found is in a deed dated 24 Deer 1720 wherein a small 
tract on Charles Town Neck is described as bounding on the 
Broad Path from Charles Town to the Quarter House.'" Why the 
name Quarter House was given to it the writer has never been able 
to ascertain. An oral traditionary explanation given him when a 

"« M. C. O. Charleston, Bk. C. N° 6, p. 508. 
«» M. C. O. Charleston, Bk. F. N° 7, p. 65. 
"• Ibid., Bk. B. N«> 13, p. 545. 
«7 M. C. O. Charleston, Bk. H. p. 211. 


boy was, that it was so called because it was one quarter of the 
way to old Dorchester. It is so, roughly speaking; but the ex- 
planation has never been altogether satisfactory. Another sur- 
mise has been that in some of the miltary operations or measures 
of the young colony sone troops were "quartered" for a time at 
the spot, as a garrison, as was done later by the British during 
their occupation of Charleston. The house was on a tract of 40 
acres called the Quarter House tract. On 4 March 1731 George 
Anson late commander of His Majesty's ship the Garland con- 
veyed to John Laurens, saddler, 40 acres commonly called the 
Quarter House heretofore of Joseph Hawkins.^^* Capt George 
Anson was afterwards the celebrated Baron Anson of Soberton. 
From whom he acquired the Quarter House or of what original 
grant it was a part the writer has not been able to determine. 
From John Laurens it passed in 1744 and after a number of unin- 
teresting intermediate conveyances all under the same description 
vested in 1769 in one John Creighton.^^* Acording to D"" Irving 
in his History of the Turf in S. C. (p. Z3>) a race course was laid 
out at the Quarter House in 1735 to which the name was given of 
the York Course. The annual meets and races were held at this 
course until 1754 when the New Market course near Charles Town 
was laid out and the York course was discontinued. 

The Quarter House was quite a resort for the inhabitants of 
Charles Town upon pleasure drives and for social parties. Exactly 
where the race course was located the writer has not been able to 
determine. Owing to the position at the fork of the two main 
roads it had importance as an outpost and point of observation, 
and the British when in possession of Charles Town usually kept 
a strong guard posted at the Quarter House. It was at or near 
the Quarter House that Col. Isaac Hayne in July 1781 captured 
General Andrew Wiliamson in the raid, the sequel to which was 
Hayne's own capture and execution on the gallows. On Sunday 15 
July 1781 Wade Hampton at the head of his command attacked 
and captured the British guard together with a number of Loyal- 
ist gentlemen of the town who were spending the day at the Quar- 
ter House and shot William Trusler the doughty butcher who had 
been a fiery member of the Liberty Tree party against British 

"•Jt/ewoBA., l,p.377. 
n»J/mc5A.,8,p 486. 


domination before the declaration of Independence but who after 
the capture of Charles Town had changed his coat and his party. 


West of Christopher Smith's grant, lying on the Ashley river, 
was a plantation the warrant to lay out which for 200 acres was 
issued 24 January 1694/5 to William Elliott the immigrant of the 
name.^° This was followed by the grant dated 9 May 1695 to 
William Elliott for 200 acres on the Northside of Ashley river 
bounding East on Christopher Smith.^^ On the 7 Novr 1700 an- 
other warrant was issued to lay out to William Elliott all the land 
not yet laid out lying to the southward of his land and between 
himself and Christopher Smith^ and a grant therefor as 60 acres 
was made to him on 14 June 1704;^ and finally under the Statute 
allowing anyone, where his land when afterwards surveyed was 
foimd to contain more acres than called for in his grant, to take 
out another grant for the overplus, on the 5 May 1737 a grant was 
issued to William Elliott for 105 acres being the overplus of his 
200 acre grant. Under the will of William Elliott this property 
went to his eldest son William Elliott. An account of these two 
William Elliotts has been given in a previous number of this Maga- 
zine.22* This last William Elliott on 8 September 1749 made a 
deed of gift to his brother Barnard Elliott^ of 227>^ acres 
being the Eastern part of the tract, bounding South on Ashlqr 
river and East on the Christopher Smith grant or Stock Prior. 
The 2273^ acres passed under the will of Barnard Elliott to his 
son Barnard Elliott the Lieut: Col: of the regiment of artillery 
raised by the State of South Carolina in the war of the Revolution. 
An account of Lieut: Col: Barnard Elliott will be found in a former 
number of this Magazine.^* On 31 March 1775 Col: Barnard 
Elliott conveyed to Benjamin Dart that part of the 2273^ acres 

f*^ Printed Warrants, 1692-1711, p. 61. 
«* Proprietory Grants, vol. 3S, p. 284. 
23 Printed Warrants, 1692-1711, p. 164. 
^ Old plat in writer's possession. 
«♦ Vol. XV, p. 159. . 
«* M. C. O. Charleston, Bk. F J. p. 198. 
«Vol:XV, p. 70. 


which lay between Ashley river and the public road as containing 
169 acres commonly called Accabee.^' By Amelia Dart widow 
and Executrix of Benjamin Dart this 169 acres (still called Acca- 
bee) was in 1789 conveyed to Hext M<^Call,^^ by whose widow 
Elizabeth and son Hext M'"Call it was in 1816 under the same name 
conveyed to Joseph Yates:^' on the settlement of whose estate it 
was in 1826 conveyed to Miss Maria S. Brisbane.^" 

This Indian name of Accabee has been fully discussed in a former 
number of this Magazine.^^ It covered apparently the territory 
on both sides of the "reach" of the Ashley river at that point. 
Thomas Rose's plantation on the South side of the river opposite 
the plantation of Christopher Smith was from the earliest period 
called Ickerby or Accabee. The entire William Elliott grant was 
known as Accabee. Miss Brisbane seems to have changed the 
name of the part acquired by her to that of "Malona." The 
writer has no idea of the derivation of this name. It seems purely 
fanciful. At any rate in the burial notices in the family record it 
is referred to as Malona. 

The Article in a former number of this Magazine on the gene- 
alogy of the Brisbanes^^ mentions Malona as the country seat of 
John S. Brisbane the father of Miss Brisbane. This is a mistake 
the conveyance was to her alone. Miss Brisbane held the prop- 
erty for 27 years and something about it seems to have endeared 
it to her family for a number of them, including herself, are there 
interred. The site is a fine one and the view from it down the 
river is very attractive. The old residence is in ruins. It was of 
brick but a portion of one wall alone remains standing. There is 
an old neglected family graveyard near the old residence with 
eight stone slabs over as many graves some in bad condition. On 
one of the most broken is the single word "Brisbane." On four 
others there is not a letter or figure. One other has the name 
Maria with dates identifying it as over Maria Brisbane herself 
who died in 1864, and another the name Elizabeth and the dates 

^^ M. C. O. Charleston, Bk. Q, N° 4, p. 463. 


»»Ibid.,Bk. P. N''8,p.267. 


"' Vol. XVI, p. 1. 

"Vol. XIV, p. 175 


showing it to be over her sister Miss Elizabeth who died in 1867. 
The last has only a cross and the words "Ora pro nobis" and pos- 
sibly covers Miss Brisbane's brother Abbott Hall Brisbane and 
his wife. The one marked "Brisbane" is probably over John S. 
Brisbane the father of Miss Maria and of the four blank ones three 
over Sarah Harriett Gillon her sister, Alexander Gillon her brother 
in law and John W. Brisbane her brother.'^ 

In 1853 Miss Brisbane conveyed the property to Claudian B. 
Northrop, and, notwithstanding she appears to have given it the 
name of Malona, she describes it in the conveyance as the planta- 
tion commonly called Accabee.^ From Northrop the property 
passed in 1859 to the late H. Pinckney Walker by whom the part 
whereon the Mansion house was situated was in 1861 conveyed to 
Samuel D. Stoney excluding from the sale the Brisbane cemetery.'^ 

The remainder of the Accabee tract after the donation to Bar- 
nard Elliott of the 2273^ acres continued in the hands of William 
Elliott who in 1755 added to it 190 acres. This 190 acres con- 
sisted of 90 acres granted to Philip Cumerton on 22 July 1672 and 
100 acres granted to Henry Pretty 15 Sept' 1674. Cumerton 
conveyed his 90 acres to Henry Pretty who on 20 Sept' 1674 
transferred the 190 acres to John Sullivan^^ who in 1727 conveyed 
to Thomas Dixon^^ whose daugh ter Rebecca Race in 1 755 conveyed 
to William Elliott,^^ who also acquired a small adjoining tract of 
22 acres laid out to Thomas Snipes on 13 Deer 1725 by Landgrave 
Thomas Smith out of his landgraves' patent. 

At William Elliott's death the Accabee property passed to his 
two daughters — Sabina who married Daniel Huger, and Ann who 
married Col. Lewis Morris. The property continued undivided 
for many years and was ultimately divided into two parts and sold 
off. The share going to the Morris' included the mansion house 
and was sold in 1854 excluding the family graveyard which was 
reserved:^' and which is still to be seen. The residence was of 
brick. Portions of the walls are still standing. 

"'Ibid., pp. 176, 179, 180. 

» M. C. O. Charleston, Bk. E. N° 13, p. 68. 

»» Ibid., Bk. K. N" 15, p. 35. 

«« Memo Bk. 1, pp. 86, 87, 88. 

*"M. CO. Charleston, Bk.F. p. i34. 

»» Ibid., Bk. Q.Q., p. 623. 

»» Ibid., Bk. Z. N» 12. p. 276. 



North of Accabee plantation and on the Ashley river lay a plan- 
tation for many years known as Corn Hill. On 31 Deer 1694 a 
warrant was issued to lay out to Capt: Burnaby Bull 500 acres on 
account of the arrival rights for himself, two servants, and Mingo 
a slave ;2*° and this was followed on 17 May 1701 by a grant for the 
500 acres.2*i On 19 March 1715 Burnaby Bull conveyed to W°» 
Elliott, Tho" Stocks and Shem Butler this 500 acres on which he 
dwelt, in trust for Burnaby Bull for life and after his death for 
John, Mary, and Martha Cockfield the children of John Cockfield 
and Rachel his wife, (which Rachel appears to have been the 
daughter of Burnaby BulP*^). Off this 500 acres there was sold 
70 acres to Edmund Bellinger who transferred to Shem Butler^ 
at whose death this 70 acres was allotted to his daughterSarah 
who with her husband Daniel Cartwright in 1735 conveyed to 
Benjamin Whitaker^** who in 1738 acquired also 101 acres 3 roods 
more of the same 500 acres.^" The remaining 328J4: acres vested 
in the younger John Cockfield^** who on 18 April 1758 conveyed to 
William Roper, who added to it 40 acres of marsh land granted to 
him 12 June 1765. The property continued in William Roper 
and his descendants for 98 years until 1856 when Richard Roper 
conveyed it as containing 481 acres called "Corn Hill" plantation 
to Arthur and Walter I. Middleton.^^^ When it was first called 
Corn Hill the writer has not ascertained. He has seen some old 
plats much earlier in date than 1856 on which it is referred to as 
Com HiU. 


The plantation on Ashley river next West of Corn Hill has 
been called by several names. It seems as a whole to have first 
belonged in 1715 to Shem Butler and then consisted of 340 acres'*' 

»*o Printed Warrants, 1692-1711, p. 59. 

"' Proprietory Grants, vol. 38, p. 398. 

«» M. C. O. Charleston, Bk. C. N'' 7, p. 192. 

»'» Ibid., Bk. P, pp. 91, 94, 96. 

»« Ibid., p. 23. 

«» Ibid., Bk. S. p. 232. 

»<• Memo Bk., 5, p. 372. 

"^ M. C. O. Charleston, Bk. R. N« 13, p. 224. 

«» Ibid., Bk. B.B., p. 227. 


composed apparently of 100 acres from the heirs of Tho' Gudger- 
field/" 30 acres from Patrick Scott and Sarah his wife,^^" 90 acres 
from Henroydah EngUsh, and 120 acres granted to Shera Butler 
3 June 1714.2" ^j. ^^e death of Shem Butler 313 acres of this 340 
acres was allotted to his son Joseph Butler who on 14 June''I745 
conveyed to Benjamin Whitaker'^^^ who on 2 February 1748 con- 
veyed the 313 acres with several adjoining tracts to Culcheth 
Golightly.2^ When it passed from Culcheth Golightly or from 
his descendants the writer has not ascertained on the recoixi. 
On a very old map of this 316 acres it is stated to be the map of a 
plantation formerly of Shem Butler then of Jacob Valk called 
"Fairlawn." A later map styles it "Sans Souci" belonging to 
Jacob Valk. From adjoining boundaries Jacob Valk would ap- 
pear to have owned it for some time. In 1798 his widow Ann 
Valk conveyed the property to D"" Joseph Chouler^" whose execu- 
tors in 1804 conveyed to Francis Bremar,^^* who in 1808 con- 
veyed to William Brisbane.^^^ An account of this William 
Brisbane has been given in the Article already referred to 
in a former number of this Magazine. William Brisbane gave to 
the property the name of "Milton Lodge" apparently after a 
family property in Scotland owned by his cousin Robert Brisbane 
of Milton to which property William Brisbane had preferred an 
unsuccessful claim after his cousin's death. William Brisbane 
died in 1821 and by his will devised Milton Lodge by that name to 
his nephew William H. Brisbane son of his half brother Adam 
Fowler Brisbane. On the 1 February 1832 William H. Brisbane 
conveyed to George Kinloch the plantation on Ashley river "for- 
merly called Sans Souci but now Milton Lodge" containing 300 
acres.'" William H. Brisbane after selling the property removed 
to Wisconsin, whence he returned to his native State in 1864 in the 
pay of the enemy as one of that confiscatory body created by the 

"' 90 acres granted in 1709 to Anne Gudgerfield. Grants, vol. 39, p. 37. 

^° 30 acres granted James Hubbert in 1703. Grants, vol. 38. p. 432. 

=*' Of: Hist: Com% Bk. 1701-1715, p. 441. 

^ M. C. O. Charleston, Bk. B.B. p. 227. 

^^ Memo Bk. 6, p. 153. 

^ M. C. O. CItarleston, Bk. W. N<» 6, p. 221. 

»»Ibid., Bk. O. N° 7, p. 115. 

»• Ibid., Bk. X. N" 7, p. 254. 

»' Ibid., Bk. D N" 10, p. 456. 


conqueror called the direct tax commission, and dressed with 
a little brief authority used it to oppress and humiliate his former 
fellow coimtrymen. 

Whilst time has dulled the memory of much of the bitter pangs 
of that terrible period yet his name must recall it to all who had 
to endure the arbitrary insolence of those who then abused the 
places of authority, and it is with no pleasure the chronicler re- 
cords him among the South Carolinians who possessed a home 
upon the Ashley river. 

In 1834 George Kinloch transferred Milton Lodge to William 
Patton**' who some years later conveyed it to M" Maria C. Faber. 
Each home has its tragedies and the following lines written by a 
daughter of M"" Patton on the wall of her chamber at Milton 
Lodge but illustrates the heart pang that overcomes the unfortu- 
nate who leaves forever a beloved hearthstone. 

"Must I leave thee? 
Yes I must leave theel 

Milton Lodge. 
Alas! No more I see thee." 

From M"" Faber the property has passed to her grandson M' 
A. C. Kaufman who has given the name of "The old Faber Place" 
to it. The old dwelling has been destroyed but the evidences of 
the old garden and grounds remain. - 


Next West of Milton Lodge lay a plantation on the Ashley 
river that for over a century belonged to the Bellinger family. 
On 25 Nov' 1692 a warrant was issued to lay out to Hannah 
English, Widow 500 acres situated near "Stony Poynt" which 
belonged formerly to John Falconer deceased.^' The writer has 
been able to find no previous warrant or grant to John Falconer 
that he can specifically identify as the land referred to. On 25 
Nov' 1692 a grant also appears to Hanna English for 500 acres 
near Stony Point.-"" A later grant was made on 9 May 1695 to 
M'" Hannah English alias Williams for 500 acres on the North 

»«Ibid.,Bk.G. N»10,p.92. 
^iPrvUed Warrants, 1692-1711, p. 3. 
»» Proprietory Grants, vol, 38, p. 188. 


side of Ashley River called Stony Point.^" The place or "point" 
seems to have been called "stony" because of an outcrop of the 
marl that underlies the whole section, with the overlying deposit 
at that point of the phosphatic deposit or nodules found there. 
How and when this 500 acres passed from Hannah English to 
Manley Williamson the writer has never been able to ascertain 
but the property is next found in the hands of Manley Williamson 
who appears to have added to it 76 acres granted in 1708 to John 
Field2«* and 210 acres granted in 1708 to William Williamson.** 
At Manley Williamson's death he devised the 76 acres and 210 
acres with 14 acres off the 500 acres making 300 acres to his only 
daughter Constantine who married Joseph Fitch, and the re- 
mainder of the 500 acres he devised to his son Manley William- 
son.2" This last Manley Williamson on 4 January 1728 conveyed 
to Edmund Bellinger the 2°** Landgrave of the name, the Stony 
Point property^^ and Landgrave Bellinger seems thereafter to have 
acquired the 300 acres of M"" Fitch.^^ Landgrave Bellinger al- 
though he owned large landed properties in other parts of the low 
country yet seems to have made Stony Point his principal seat 
and place of residence. He married Elizabeth Butler a daughter 
of Shem Butler and sister of Joseph Butler sometime owner of 
the Fairfield (later MUton Lodge) plantation. The ferry across 
the Ashley river between Stony Point and Ashley Ferry Town — 
afterwards called Bee's ferry at the place where the Atlantic Coast 
Line Railroad now crosses the river seems to have been first es- 
tablished by Landgrave Bellinger. In the South Carolina Gazette 
for 22 January 1737 appears the following: 

"A very melancholy Accident happened this Week, Capt. 
"Bellinger at Ashley Ferry sending one of his Sons with a Negro 
"in a Canoe to Town, in order to return to the boarding School, 
" they both were missed, and great Search being made after them, 
" they were found dead on Tuesday last sticking in the Mud in 
"the said River, their Arms clasping one another." 

» Ibid., p. 285. 

"* Proprietory Grants, vol. 39, p. 30. 

»" M. C. O. Charleston, Bk. G. p. 5; Metno Bk., 4, pp. 492, 493. 

« Ibid., and Bk. F. p. 439. 

"»AfcOTo5ife. 3,p. 138. 

»• Memo Bk. 4, pp. 492, 493. 


At the death of Landgrave Bellinger the Stony Point property 
passed to his eldest son Edmund Bellinger (3'' of the name in 
succession) who added 100 acres granted to John Mell 29 March 
jyQQ2G7 which lay between Stony Point and Joseph Butler's plan- 
tation, and having become vested in Samuel Perkins was by him 
in 1758 conveyed to Edmund Bellinger.^^^ He also added 75 
acres of marsh granted him in 1765.^* 

Edmund Bellinger by his v/ill in 1785 devised the Stony Point 
property to his wife for life and then to his son William Bellinger.^'" 
William Bellinger left a will which was recorded in Colleton County 
and was destroyed with the records of that County in the war of 
1861-1865. According to the statements in a petition for parti- 
tion filed in the court of Equity for Charleston District on 19 
February 1829 he devised his lands on Ashley river to his sons 
Edmund and Carnot Bellinger. Under these proceedings a par- 
tition was had, the Western part being allotted to Edmund Bel- 
linger and the Eastern to Carnot Bellinger. Edmund Bellinger 
in 1831 conveyed away his 518.8 acres^" and Carnot Bellinger in 
1832 conveyed off 175 acres to H. V. SnelP" and in 1834 the re- 
mainder to John Brisbane^" (really John Stanyarne Brisbane) who 
seems to have given the name " Altaraxes" to the property and it 
continued in his descendants until 1867."^ The map of Stony (or 
as he calls it "Rocky") point made by Purcell in 1789 as the 
property of William BeUinger shows a total of only 1011.98 acres. 


In 1677 a warrant was issued to lay out to Thomas Rose 500 
acres.^^^ Some discussion concerning this Thomas Rose will be 
found in a former number of this Magazine.^'* The grant was 

»' Proprietory Grants, vol. 38, p. 374. 

»« Memo Bk. 14, p. 190. 

»» Memo Bk. 6, p. 376. 

"« Prob: Ct: Charleston, Bk. B. p. 108. 

^' M. C. O. Charleston, Bk. E. N° 10, p. 258. 

«« Ibid., Bk. D. N° 10, p. 389. 

"»Ibid., Bk.R. N<'ll,p.523. 

"♦ Ibid., Bk. N N° 14, p. 12. 

»'* Printed Warrants, 1672-1679, p. 129. 

»■• Vol. XVI. p 10. 


made 16 June 1677 to Thomas Rose for 500 acres on the East 
side of Ashley river lying between John Falconer and Benjamin 
Andrews.^^^ Thomas Rose sometime before 1696 conveyed 480 
acres off this 500 acres to Thomas Pinckney the ancestor of that 
family of Pinckneys in South Carolina of which Chief Justice 
Charles Pinckney was a member. For some reason Thomas Pinck- 
ney took out a new grant on 8 July 1696 to himself for this 480 
acrcs.^^^ This 480 acres formed the plantation of Thomas Pinck- 
ney on Ashley river and was in the partition of his estate in 1724 
allotted to his eldest son Thomas Pinckney,^'* who on 18 January 
1824 conveyed 331 acres to John and Benjamin Cattell, and which 
with 40 acres more off the same tract conveyed 31 March 1735 by 
John Filben to William Cattell in trust for Benjamin Cattell, and 
70 acres originally granted in 1699 to Stephen Bull and by him 
sold to William Chapman and by him to Jonathan Fitch who in 
March 1714/5 conveyed to Thomas Fitch who in 1739 conveyed 
to Benjamin Cattell, making together one plantation of 441 acres 
lying on the Ashley river just West of the Stony Point plantation 
was by Benjamin Cattell in 1759devised to Whitmarsh Fuller.*" 
Whitmarsh Fuller devised the property to his son Joseph Whit- 
marsh Fuller who in 1791 conveyed it as containing 421 acres of 
highland and 38 acres of marsh to D"" Alexander Barron.*" D' 
Barron was a physician practicing in Charleston and probably it 
was he who gave the name Fetteressa to the plantation for after 
his death his executor conveyed it under the name of Fetteressa 
in 1832 to Edward Francis,^^ who added 286 acres purchased in 
1832 from W. E. TurnbuU and 130 acres of marsh in 1836 from 
Frederick Touchstone and conveyed the whole aggregating 895 
acres as Fetteressa to Angus Stewart who in 1841 conveyed the 
895 acres under the same name to M" Anna Lehre.'*' 

Returning to the point where the Broad Path divided and taking 
up the plantations along the Cooper River in succession going 

"T Proprietory Grants, vol. 38, p. 43. 

"» Ibid., p. 302. 

"' M. C. O. Charleston, Bk. E. p. 326. 

"» Memo: Bk. 6, p. 451 ; Proprietory Grants, vol. 38, p. 368. 

«« M. C. O. Charleston, Bk. G. N° 6, p. 443. 

»« Ibid., Bk. D. N" 10 n. 466. 

^-»' Ibid., Bk. Y. N° 10, p. 397. 


North from Long Point or the ferry tract the first North of that 
tract and Stromboli is; 


As we have seen in writing of Long Point, Christopher Edwards 
had received a grant in 1677 for 270 acres of which 80 acres called 
Long Point were by him transferred to John Bassantand Philip 
Orrill. Part of the remainder he transferred to Samuel Bos- 
wood who sold to Paul Grimball. On 2 March 1682/3 a warrant 
was made to lay out to Paul Grimball Gent: "all those points of 
"land that lye upon Cooper River & are butting upon the land 
" that the s^ Paul Grimball purchased of Samuel Boswood"^^ and 
a grant for 30 acres was made to him 30 March 1683. On 26 
March 1695 Paul GrimbaU on behalf of the Proprietors sold to 
Christopher Linckley the right to a grant of 160 acres stating 
"This land is situate on the Neck within seven miles of Charles 
" Town on the West side of Cooper river in Berkly Coimty. This 
"land did belong unto me for which there is old grants that is to 
"say thirty acres unto myself and one hundred and thirty acres 
"part of Christopher Edwards land which was made over to Sam- 
"uel Boswood who sold same unto me:"^^^ and on the same day a 
formal grant was made to Christopher Linckley for 160 acres on 
the Neck within seven miles .of Charles Town on the West side 
of Cooper River.^^ Christopher Linckley married a daughter of 
Paul Grimball and both of them had grants and apparently re- 
sided on Edisto Island. How Paul Grimball became repossessed 
of the land so granted as above to Christopher Linckley does not 
appear upon the record, but he later conveyed to Sarah Beamor 
the point of land containing 30 acres granted to him 30 March 
1683 upon Cooper river, and Sarah Beamor on 21 Jany 1723 
conveyed to John Barton the same 30 acres butting southwest on 
Paul Grimball (the other part of the 160 acres?) North East on a 
great marsh in Cooper river and South East and Northwest on 
two marshes :2^' and it in some way passed to Tho" Ellery and 

»M Printed Warrants, 1680-1692, p. 99. 

*» Of: Hist: Com"., Bk. G. p. 398. 

^''.Proprietory Grants, vol. 38, p. 163. 

"^ Jf . C. O. Charleston, Bk. F. p. 182; Bk. G. p. 98. 


Daniel Greene who on 21 June 1728 conveyed it to Joseph Wragg 
and John Fenwick, the last of whom later transferred his one half 
interest to Joseph Wragg. 

On 15 March 1716 a grant was made to Sarah Beamor for 190 
acres^^* which apparently included the entire 270 acres granted to 
Christopher Edwards excluding probably the 80 acres sold by 
Edwards to Bassant and Orrill called Long Point. This 190 
acres Sarah Beamor in 1721 mortgaged to John Fenwick and 
Joseph Wragg merchants as then bounding East on Cooper river 
and West on Ralph Izard "and on land commonly called the 
Quarter House"^^' and later in 1728 conveyed it to the same 
parties^'-*" and in 1731 John Fenwick conveyed his half interest to 
Joseph Wragg.^^^ In addition Joseph Wragg acquired 55 acres 
for which "a special warrant" was issued to John Bird 7 August 
J7Q2292 a^j^(j a, grant was made the same day^*^ this 55 acres being 
land formerly granted to Anthony Churne in a greater tract and 
descended by several mesne conveyances to Jno. Tothill and es- 
cheated.^" Anthony Churne was a settler who arrived in the 
very first fleet and on 7 September 1672 received a warrant for 
150 acres or so much thereof as was contained between Richard 
Deyos on the South and John Hawkes on the North.^* John 
Bird devised in 1718 this 55 acres to James Beamor'*' who with 
his mother Sarah Beamor in 1727 conveyed to Thomas Hepworth 
and Ann his wife 70 acres consisting of this 55 acres and 15 acres 
(bought by Simon Valentine of John King and Judah HoUybush 
and acquired by Jacob Beamor and from him descended to James 
Beamor his son and heir) making in all 70 acres on which Sarah 
Beamor then lived.^" After Thomas Hepworths death this 70 
acres was by his widow Ann Hepworth in 1731 conveyed to James. 

«" Proprietory Grants, vol. 39, p. 184. 
»» M. C. O. Charleston, Bk. G. p. 141. 
«» Memo: Bk., 5, p. 362. 
»» Ibid., p. 362. 

^'^ Printed Warrants, 1692-1711, p. 174. 
*»* Proprietory Grants, vol. 38, p. 417. 
»M Printed Warrants, 1692-1711, p. 174. 
*» Printed Warrants, 1672-1679, p. 37. 
'«• M. C. 0. Charleston, Bk. I. p. 642.- 
*" Ibid.. Bk. F. p. 122. 


Crokatt Merchant and Esther his wife^^^ and by John Chevilliette 
and Sarah his wife was on 10 January 1735 conveyed to Joseph 
Wragg, who also on 12 Ocf 1737 acquired from Richard Lamb ton 
46 acres originally granted on 29 March 1700 to William Edwards^*' 
and having come into the hands of Benjamin Dennis in some way 
passed to Rich** Lambton. All which four tracts aggregating 336 
acres were at the partition of the estate of Joseph Wragg in 1758 
(under his will proved in 1751) allotted to his second son Samuel 
Wragg,^°° and apparently in some way passed to his eldest brother 
John Wragg, and John Wragg having died without issue, and 
intestate in June 1796, proceedings were taken in 1808 by his 
heirs to have this property partitioned, and the property was 
divided up in parcels according to a map made in 1809 by John 
Diamond, containing altogether 349 acres and sold off to different 

Of this 349 acres of the estate of John Wragg 213 acres were sold 
in 1810 to John Ball^"^ whose executors sold in 1819 to Nathaniel 
Heyward^"^ who devised the same together with the 69 acres 
called the Ferry tract to his daughter Elizabeth Manigault who 
had married Charles Manigault and in whose possession the 
tract was for many years known as the Manigault Farm or Marsh- 
land plantation. It was in 1880 by the late D"^ Gabriel E. Mani- 
gault a son of M" Elizabeth Manigault sold to M" Cecelia Lawton 
and a large part of it is now a part of the reservation of the United 
States Government around the Government Navy Yard. 


The plantation on the Cooper river next North of the Wragg 
property was at one time a rather noted country seat for the em- 
bellishment and development of which a good deal of labour seems 
to have been expended by several of its proprietors. 

On 7 Sept 1672 a warrant was issued to lay out to Thomas Hurt 
370 acres allowed for himself and two servants viz Joseph Pen- 

»»• Ibid., Bk. I. p. 642. 

*»» Proprietory Grants, vol. 38, p. 380. 

'oo M. C. O. Charleston, Bk. B. N° 3, p. 255. 

»'»Ibid.,Bk.A.,N°8,p. 141. 

»« Ibid., Bk. E. N° 9, p. 41. 


darvis George Higgs and Elizabeth Stonhall (three, not two, 
named) arriving in August 1671. Another warrant nearly a du- 
plicate of the first for 370 acres for the same arrivals was issued 
on 7 March 1673/4'"^ and on the same date 7 March 1673/4 an- 
other warrant was issued to him for 128 acres being the residue of 
the land allowed to Mary his wife arriving in the first fleet."** 

On the 15 April 1676 a grant was made to him^"* for 498 acres the 
aggregate of these two warrants, for on 20 Deer 1675 he conveyed 
to Thomas Stanyarne of Charles Town, Tanner, his plantation 
containing 128 acres bounding North on then or late in the pos- 
session of Margaret Lady Yeamans, South on Christopher Ed- 
wards and East on the land then in possession of said Thomas 
Hurt.^"^ On the 1 May 1676 Thomas Hurt conveyed to Edmund 
Gibbon of Carolina Merch* 370 acres bounding East on "Ittewan" 
river, North on a creek and South on Christopher Edwards.'"' 
This Edmund Gibbon died in Maryland leaving a will dated 21 
February 1685/6 whereby he devised to his brother Francis Gib- 
bon all his lands in Carolina.^"^ This will is a singular illustration 
of the extent of the interests of a merchant of that early date in 
all the North American colonies. Edmund Gibbon devises prop- 
erty in Maryland, in Delaware, in Pennsylvania on the Raritan 
river, in New York and about Cohanyen in Phoenix Colony (wher- 
ever that may be) and also in Barbadoes. The tract at Dover in 
Kent County on Delaware Bay "now called Gibbons Tribe." 
On 27 August 1692 Francis Gibbon in Barbados appoints Jona- 
than Amory of Charles Town his attorney to sell his 370 acres on 
Cooper river; and on 10 March 1693/4 Amory as attorney for 
Francis Gibbons conveyed to William Hawett the 370 acres.'*" 

Hawett seems to have been in some way alarmed about his title 
for on 8"> Sept 1696 another grant was entered as issued to Thomas 
Hurt for 498 acres under two warrants dated 7 March 1673/4, one 

»M Printed Warrants, 1572-1679, pp. 34, 68. 

«» Ibid., p. 69. 

»o» Proprietory Grants, vol. 38, p. 79. 

»» O^: Fm/; Cw«"., Bk. G. p. 57. 

'" Ibid., p. 21S. 


»«»Ibid., pp. 219-249. 


for 370 acres and one for 128 acres'"" and then on 1 Dec 1696 a 
grant was made to William Hawett himself for 370 acres formerly 
granted to Thomas Hurt.'" How and when the property passed 
from William Hawett the writer has not been able to ascertain, 
but on 28 March 1721 Arthur Foster and Mary his wife mort- 
gaged to William Livingston the plantation of 370 acres com- 
monly called "Gibbons Bluff" bounding East on a river formerly 
called Etivan River but now Cooper liv^r North on Wosah creek 
South on formerly of Christopher Edwards now of M"'" Sarah Bea- 
more and West on Ralph Izard and William Skipper.'^ On 22 
Febry 1722 Arthur Foster and his wife convey to Charles Burn- 
ham the 370 acres called " Gibbons Bluff" bounding East on a river 
formerly called Itawan river now Cooper river North on Woosah 
creek &c &c;^^^ and in 1724 Charles Burnham mortgaged it under 
the same description to Hannah Livingston Executrix of William 
Livingston.^" How and when the 370 acres passed to the next 
holder the writer has not been able to ascertain. 

According to a boundary given in a deed dated in March 1734 
it then belonged to the estate of Charles Burnham deceased."' 
Assuming that Charles Burnham's estate then owned it, in 1750 it 
had become the property of James Wright for in an advertisement 
for sale in that year of the adjoining property Wright is stated to 
be the owner of this and in a map of this property dated in 1756 he 
is stated to be the owner. James Wright was the son of Robert 
Wright sometime Chief Justice of the Province and was himself 
later the Governor of the Province of Georgia under the Ro)^ 
Government. According to a map of the property made in 1756 
James Wright had added 131 acres in two parcels of 65 and 66 
acres — the 66 acres being a part of Landgrave Smith's patent 
conveyed by him to James Ferguson in 1726 and from Ferguson in 
1732 to Thomas EUery and from EUery in 1743 to Thomas Dale 
who conveyed to James Wright. In 1758 James Wright being 
then in London, conveyed by his attorneys, his wife Sarah and 

«" Of: Hist: Com*., Bk. N. C. p. 152. 
*^ Proprietory Grants, vol. ZZ, 1^.306. 
'^* M. CO. Charleston, Bk.D. p. I. 
n» Ibid., Bk. I. p. 288. . 
n« Ibid., Bk. D. p. 69. 


Benjamin Smith, to Samuel Brailsford the property containing 
508 acres.^^® Seven years later in February 1765 Samuel Brails- 
ford and Elizabeth his wife conveyed the 508 acres to Henry 
Middle ton who two years later in 1767 with Mary Henrietta his 
wife conveyed the property together with 25 acres of Marsh land 
granted to him on 16 July 1765 making in all 533 acres to Edger- 
ton Leigh.^'' Henry Middle ton was the son of Arthur Middle ton 
sometime President of the Council and Commander in Chief and 
acting Governor of the Province and was himself later very promi- 
nent during the American Revolution. He was a man of great 
taste and laid out the gardens at his residence at Middleton Place 
on the Ashley river but he held this property on Cooper R."ver 
for so short a period — two years — it is doubtful if he had anything 
to do with its grounds. Edgerton Leigh was the son of Peter Leigh 
the Chief Justice of the Province and was himself prominent 
in office in the Province prior to the Revolution. He was subse- 
quently created a baronet and seems during his ownership of the 
property to have impressed that circumstance generally, for as 
late as the publication of D' Irving's "Day on Cooper river" he 
mentions the property as Sir Edgerton Leigh's. 

In 1771 Edgerton Leigh and Martha his wife conveyed the 
property to Thomas Lough ton Smith"^ whose Executors in 1778 
conveyed to Samuel Prioleau.^^' The writer has not ascertained 
how it passed from Samuel Prioleau or the executors of his wilL 
The property next appears in the hands of one Edward Hare and 
under an execution against him it was in 1796 sold to James 
Strachan and James M^Kenzie of London as the plantation called 
the "Retreat" containing 389 acres.^^o xhis is the first time the 
name Retreat appears upon the record. On an old plat dated 
1784 it is called the Retreat and it is probable it received the name 
before that date — ^possibly from Sir Edgerton Leigh. Samuel Prio- 
leau, when he acquired the Retreat, already owned the adjoining 
plantation to the North called Oak Grove, and when he or his 
representatives sold the Retreat, the line between the places was 

»" Ibid., Bk. V.V. p. 479. 
»" Ibid., Bk- G. N" 3, p. 89. 
"« Ibid., Bk. S. N» 3, p. 212. 
"» Ibid., Bk. Z. N° 4, p. 335. 
««Ibid.,Bk.G.N»7,p. 155. 


readjusted, making the division line straight on the highland in- 
stead of the course of the creek, and thus reduced the Retreat to 
389 acres: at least it so appears from the old plats. Strachan and 
M^Kenzie disposed of the place as the Retreat containing 389 
acres to James Lee in 1798,^^' who thereafter seems to have split 
the 389 acres into three parts. The Southernmost strip of 82 acres 
he seems to have sold to Theodore Gaillard who called it "Mon 
Repos"^ — the next strip of 92 acres to Thomas Hun t^ and the 
last part of 215 acres designated specifically as the Retreat to 
Wilson Glover.'^* The property passed t)irough a number of sub- 
sequent transfers. In 1851 it was conveyed to Andrew Turnbuli 
and became generally known as the Turnbuli place, the old name 
of the Retreat being apparently ignored. In 1895 it was conveyed 
to the City of Charleston and transposed into a Park called Chi- 
cora Park, and was later by the City conveyed to the United 
States for the purposes of a navy yard. 

Before the transfer to the City the place bore the evidence of 
having at one time had much time and labour expended upon it. 
There was the remnant of quite an extended garden, between the 
residence and the river and a number of ornamental ponds in a 
park with drives to the west of the residence. The residence was 
of brick and stood on the high land which ran in a point, bluff 
(Gibbon's Bluff) to the river. Naturally with its occupation by 
the government the old residence and the reliques of former occu- 
pation have disappeared. 


Next North of the Retreat — separated from it by the creek 
whose Indian name was Woosah (now marked down on the U. S. 
Coast survey map as Noisette's creek) — was quite a large planta- 
tion commonly called Oak Grove. On 21 February 1680 a war- 
rant was issued for Robert Drye (who as stated in a previous war- 
rant "purposeth to settle in this province") for 960 acres'^ and the 
grant to him for the 960 acres was made on the 5 March 1680. 

«' Ibid., Bk. G. N» 7, p. 158. 

« Ibid., Bk. A. N° 8, p. 461. 

»« Ibid., Bk. N. N° 7, p. 261. 

»' Ibid., Bk. K. N° 7, p. 59. 

"^Pnnted Warrants, 1680-1692, p. 27, 28. 


From Robert Dry the property passed to his son William Dry 
who on 11 March 1696/7 took out a grant for 167 acres lying be- 
tween the 960 acres and the river^^® and had apparently been orig- 
inally run out for Bartholomew Brown,^"^ and Edmund Gibbon.'^' 
He also on 4 July 1698 took out another grant for the 960 acres 
granted his father.'^' 

The whole 1127 acres upon William Dry's death without a will 
descended to his son William Dry who prior to 1733 sold off 300 
acres leaving 827 acres.'^" According to W*" Dry's memorial he 
sold to Stephen Clifford — according to an old map he sold to Robert 
Elliott. As Robert Elliott and his son Artemas Elliott are found 
in possession of it probably Clifford sold to Robert Elliott and 
it lay West of the public road to Goose Creek — between that road 
and the road to Dorchester. According to the statements in a 
deed from William Dry in 1734 the 827 acres was the plantation on 
which his wife Rebecca and himself then lived.*** 

From William Dry the plantation passed to Kenneth Michie a 
merchant of Charles Town. The transfer does not appear on the 
record but in the South Carolina Gazette for 3 Deer 1750 (N° 865) 
appears an advertisement for sale of the plantation of Kenneth 
Michie deceased, which formerly belonged to W™ Dry, Esq on 
Charles-Town Neck but 7 miles from Charles-Town containing 864 
acres on which are a good dwelling and several other convenient 
buildings, a good orchard stocked w ith the best variety of apple 
pear and other young fruit bearing trees and a very good garden. 
The advertisement further states that a large and substantial 
dam had been built across the creek and through the marsh which 
belonged partly to James Wright Esq and that there were from 
80 to 100 acres fit to be planted in rice. As Kenneth Michie 
died in 1749*^- he must have owned the property prior to that 
date. After the death of Kenneth Michie the property passed 

3M Proprietory Grants, vol. 3%, p. 330. 

^^ Printed Warrants, 1672-1679, p. 107. 

3*" Ibid., p. 115, 1692-1711, p. 134. 

'2' Proprietory Grants, vol. 38, p. 363. 

^^0 Memo: Bk., 3, p. 2H. 

"» Af. C. 0. Charleston, Bk. V. p. 173. 

^Proh: Ct; Charleston, Bk. 1747-1752, p. 188. 


to his brother James Michie who was a prominent lawyer of 
Charles Town and who was for a short period Chief Justice of 
the Province. During his ownership James Michie added to the 
property according to a map made in 1756 whilst he owned it, — 
86 acres part of a tract originally laid out to Capt: John Adie*** but 
which escheated and was tlien granted in 1700 to William Screven 
for 260 acres^ and which in 1721 had come into the possession of 
W" Skipper'^ from whom it passed to John B. Skipper and then 
to James Bulloch who sold 170 acres 27 May 1746 to Thomas Dale 
from whose estate 86 acres was in March 1753 sold to James Michie: 
and 85 acres of Marsh granted to James Michie.^' After James 
Michie's death the property was conveyed by Charles Ogilvie 
and William Michie to Joseph Hutchins who on 10 February 1770 
conveyed the 8643^, 86, and 85 acres as one plantation containing 
10353^ acres to Samuel Prioleau.^' A map of the plantation made 
by Joseph Purcell for Samuel Prioleau in 1779 calls it Oak Grove. 
Several old maps have a grove of oaks denoted on the property at 
the extreme Eastern edge near the marsh. Samuel Prioleau being 
the owner of both the Retreat and Oak Grove either he, or the 
Executors under his will, seem according to the old plats to have 
readjusted the line between the places so as to make it a straight 
line on the high land of the Retreat in place of the meanders of 
Woosah creek thus reducing the acreage of the Retreat and in- 
creasing that of Oak Grove. During the life of Samuel Prioleau 
he sold oflF the Western part of Oak Grove to Isaac Da Costa or 
Dacosta, 263 acres lying West of the public road to Goose Creek.'" 
This tract sold to Dacosta seems to have passed to James Warring- 
ton, and from him to James Lee who in 1803 sold to Charles 
Glover''^ in whose hands it was known as the "Happy Retreat" 
The remainder of the Oak Grove plantation was on 5 February 
1794 conveyed by the Executor of Samuel Prioleau (under his 
will dated 2 Febry 1779) to Thomas Screven as the plantation 

'"Printed Warrants, 1680-1692, p. 28. 

"* Proprietory Grants, vol. 38, p. 386; Memo: Bk., 4, p. «>4. 

»» M. C. O. Charleston, Bk. D. p. 1. 

"• Old plat in writer's possession. 

'"Memo: Bk., 10, p. 84. 

**• Old plat in writer's possesion. 

»»» M. C. 0. Charleston, Bk. K. N" 7, p. 66. 


called Oak Grove con taining 899)^ acres.'*" Thomas Screven gen- 
erally known as Col. Thomas Screven thus came into the posst ,> -ion 
of a part of the 260 acres granted in 1700 to his ancestor the kev* 
William Screven. Col. Thomas Screven died in 1804. By his 
will he devised to his son Thomas Screven the Northern part or 
"slice" of the Oak Grove property containing 282 acres,**^ and by 
the Executors of his son this 282 acres was in 1835 sold to John 
Marshall.'** By his will Col. Thomas Screven directed his Exe- 
cutors to sell the rest of his Oak Grove property and apparently 
they sold it to Robert E. Cochran for on 7 Deer 1813 the property 
was sold under execution as the property of Robert E. Cochran 
to George Chisohn.*** 

mjRST's OR Simpson's. 

Next North of Oak Grove on the Cooper river was a plantation 
for which the writer has never seen any distinctive name other 
than as referred to by the names of its owners at the time. On 9 
Nov' 1701 a warrant was issued for 200 acres for Benjamin Hurst,**** 
and a grant followed on 11 Nov'. 1701 to him for 200 acres on the 
North side of Cooper river bounding North on David Maybank 
and South on William Bry.^^ On 25 May 1702 another grant 
was made to Benjamin Hurst for 75 acres.**^ This last 75 acres 
adjoined the 200 acres and included an island on Cooper river, 
the Southern part of which ran for a short distance in front of the 
Oak Grove property between it and the river. In 1737 Joseph 
Hurst (apparently the son and heir of Benjamin Hurst) executed 
to Charles Filbin a mortgage of his plantation on Cooper river 
containing 575 acres,'*^ which was apparently made up of the fol- 
lowing grants— viz. The two grants to Benjamin Hurst aggre- 
gating 275 acres. A grant to Edward Weekley in 1704 for 220 

"• Ibid., Bk. K. N° 6, p. 295. 

»<» Prob. Cl: Charleston, WiU Bk. D. p. 462. 

»« if. C. 0. C/;af/«to«, Bk. I. N* 10, p. 56. 

»«Ibid.,Bk. P. N''8,p.278. 

*■* Printed Warr mis, 1692-1711, p. 172. 

»^» Proprietory Grants, vol. 38, p. 412; Memo: Bk., I, p. 121. 

«• Ibid., p. 438; Memo: Bk., 1, p. 118. 

**^ M. C. 0. Charleston, Bk. R. p. 455. 


acres^^* from which Weekley in 1725 had sold to Thomas Cater 
20 acres,'" and a grant to David Maybank in 1700 for 100 acres*** 
making 575 acres. A note on an old plat states that this 220 
acres grant to Weekley was part of Hurst's plantation, but there 
is nothing on the record to show that Hurst had acquired May- 
bank's grant. On 27 Nov'^ 1675 a warrant was issued to lay out 
200 acres to Thomas Dickerson and on 22 Febry 1678 a grant was 
made to him for 200 acres on Cooper river.'^' Subsequently 
Thomas Dickerson conveyed this 200 acres to Ralph Izard and 
Robert Cutbert and in 1695 Ralph Izard with Cutbert's au- 
thority conveyed the 200 acres to Jonathan Amory.^. What 
Amory did with it the record doesnotshowbuton 24 Febry 1696/7 
a warrant was issued to lay out to David Maybank 100 acres on 
the South side of Cooper river which was formerly granted to 
Thomas Dickerson and was escheated.'^ This was followed in 
January 1700 by the grant to David Maybank of 100 acres on 
the West side of Cooper river.^" The boundaries given in the 
grant differ from the ones mentioned in the warrant but comparing 
the descriptions in adjoining grants and deeds it would appear 
that the 200 acres granted to Dickerson was located adjoining the 
grants to Benj" Hurst and W™ Dry and that Maybank's 100 acres 
was a part of it. This tract of Maybank's appears to have been 
acquired by Edward Weekley who possessed one plantation with 
this tract and his own grant of 220 acres and another grant to 
him in 1717 for 90 acres aggregating as he held it 363 acres which 
passed to William Gibbon of Charles Town Merchant at whose 
death it descended to his only sister and he'r at law Elizabeth 
Cawood (widow of John Cawood) who had in 1727 married Twee- 
die Somerville.'^* Elizabeth Somerville died 6 Oct 1733^^ and 
Tweedie Somerville (who had on 14 Deer 1733 married Sarah 
Wigg widow) must have died before December 1734 for on 2 Deer 

^* Proprietory Grants, vol. 38, p. 456. 

"» M. C. O. Charleston, Bk. E. p. 105. 

»» Proprktory Grants, vol. 38, p. 387. 

»" 0/; nisi- Com^., Bk. G. p. 108. 

'» Ibid., Bk. 1696-1703, p. 124. 

^ Printed Warrants, 1692-1711, p. 140. 

»* Proprietory Grants, vol. 38, p. 387. 

»» Memo: Bk., 4, p. 457. 

»• St. Philips Reg: 1 720- 1 758, p. 243. 


1734 a partition was had between John Somerville brother and 
heir at law of Tweedie Somerville, and Sarah Somerville his widow, 
reciting that under Tweedie Somerville's will this pi mtation had 
been devised to Sarah Somerville.'*' The plantation seems to 
have been a rather long and narrow one, running from Cooper, 
river to the public road. How and when it or a part of it passed 
to Joseph Hurst does not appear but it must have been prior to 
1737 the date of Hurst's mortgage to Filbin. Joseph Hurst died 
in 1758 and by his will devised to his son Robert the plantation on 
which Joseph lived on Cooper river containing 599 acres.**' Rob». 
ert Hurst sold ofiF a part of this plantation, the western part on the 
public road to Daniel Cannon, and apparently a part to James 
Streator, and in 1773 with his wife Jane conveyed the remainder 
as 452 acres to William Holiday.^^* In 1781 the Executor of Wil- 
liam Holiday conveyed to Thomas Bourke, who in 1785 conveyed 
to Jonathan and William Simpson, and under proceedings in the 
court of equity the 452 acres was sold in 1831 as part of the estate 
of William Simpson to Thomas McMillan.'^" The present mill of 
the Burton Lumber Co. stands on a part of the island of 75 acres. 
The remainder of the Somerville property except 88 acres sold 
by Robert Hurst to Daniel Cannon seems to have passed into 
the hands of James Streator (on the old plats frequently written 
Straytor) and then into the hands of John Glen Merchant. John 
Glen apparently married Margaret Streator — at least he had a 
son named James Streator Glen — and at his death in 1808 devised 
to his wife Margaret Glen his plantation at Goose creek formerly 
" Streators."^^^ In 1842 under an execution at law against the es- 
tate of Margaret Glen dec^ the property was sold to Claudian B. 
Northrop.'^^ The acreage is not given in the deed but at later 
sales made in 1857 of the property by the assignees of Northrop 
it is stated as 275 acres. The plantation lay west of the Hurst 
property, North of Oak Grove South of Filben's Creek and East of 
the 88 acres sold to Daniel Cannon. 

»^ M. C. O. Charleston, Bk. R. p. 488. 

K8 ProhaU Ct. Charleston, Bk. 1757-60, p. 153. • - - 

»» M. C. O. Charleston, Bk. F. N» 4, p. 415. 

'w Ibid., Bk. A. N° 10, p. 474. 

*» Prob: Ct. Charleston, Bk. E. p. 31. 

« M. C. 0. Charleston, Bk. H. N° 1 1, p. 307. 



Under these names were included in the hands of William 
Johnson (son of William Johnson the well known Charlestonian 
of the Revolutionary period and himself an associate justice of 
the United States Supreme Court) a plantation aggregating some 
800 acres extending North on Cooper river from the Northern line 
of "Simpsons" to a creek now called Filbens creek but which in 
the deeds mentioning it has had a number of names applied to it — 
viz: Onsaw, Esaw, Oosa, Wosa, Huzza, Bakers, Gourden's and 
Logan's as well as Filbens creek. The earliest mention of it 
found by the writer is in a grant in 1700 to John Collins where it 
is called Woosaw creek.^" On a map dated 6 April 1728 attached 
to a Release dated 12 April 1728 from Landgrave Edmund Bellinger 
to Charles Filbin it is plainly called Onsaw Creek.'" Both 
names are afterwards used and it is also referred to as Gourden's, 
Bakers', Logan's, and Filbens creek from the names of land- 
holders upon it. After comparing all the earlier written instru- 
ments he has seen the conclusion of the writer is that the Indian 
name "Woosah," with its variations, was properly applicable 
to the creek between the Retreat and Oak Grove plantations now 
marked on the coast survey map as Noisette's creek (from a very 
late landowner of the name of Noisette): and the Indian name 
"Onsaw" was applicable to the creek now called Filbens, but 
there is no doubt the name "Woosaw" or "Oosaw" was also used 
with regard to this last. The writer has found it impossible to 
trace with any certainty the whole of this 800 acres to the original 
grantees. The first definite reference found by the writer to the 
place referred to as "Baldricks" is in a Memorial by Richard 
Baker of St. George Parish Dorchester setting out his ownership 
of 540 acres on the West side of Cooper river sold (or at least 200 
acres) to him by John Filbin in 1714.3" Richard Baker devised 
to his grandson George Logan from whom it passed to William 
Logan'^ who added in 1771 a grant for 76 acres of marsh on the 

>" Proprietory Grants, vol, 38, p. 375. 

»« Memo: Bk., 1, pp. 27, 30. 

'" Memo: Bk., 3, p. 61. 

»" M. C. O. Charleston, Bk. V. N* S, p. 12. 


river front which included two small islands in the marsh.*" In 
some way the property passed to James Akin of the Parish of St 
Thomas, and under an execution against his estate there was sol4 
in December 1784 to John Christopher Martin a tract of 365 acres 
part of a larger tract formerly of Richard Baker and by him de- 
vised to his gransdon George Logan, and also 76 acres of marsh 
including two small islands.**' 

From Martin the property passed to Joseph Sabb who in 1804 
conveyed it to Thomas Baldrick'®' whose Executrix in 1828 con- 
veyed to William Johnson.'^® 

The first mention of the plantation referred to as Hickory Hill 
found by the writer is the will of Charles Filbin made in 1799 
whereby he devises to his negro woman Flora (whom he emanci- 
pated) and her three children his plantation and property*^ and 
appoints his brother in law James Grantt Executor. In 1820 
Flora Filbin a free black woman and James Grantt convey the 
property as containing 365 acres bounding South on M' Simpson, 
East on M"^ Baldrick, North on "Huzza" creek and West on Mar- 
garet Glen, to James Streator Glen,*" who in 1825 conveyed it to 
Charles T. Brown, who in 1829 conveyed to William Johnson."* 

The writer has not ascertained of what original grants this 365 
acres was composed. William Johnson formed of Baldricks 441 
acres, and Hickory Hill 365 acres, one plantation which as con- 
taining 800 acres was by his executors conveyed under the names 
Baldricks and Hickory Hill in 1835 to Rudolph C. Geyer Trustee. 


North of Onsaw or Filben's creek, and on the Cooper river, lay 
the plantation known from quite an early date as Palmetto or 
The Palmettoes. On 23 November 1672 a warrant was issued to 
lay out to John Coming 810 acres of land allowed him for the 
arrival of several servants. This was the same John Coming who 

^ Memo: Bk., 10, p. 442. 

»" M. C. 0. Charleston, Bk. V. N° 5, p. 12. 

«» Ibid., Bk. M. N" 7, p. 94. 

"oibid., Bk. V. N«>9,p. 356. 

»" Prob: Ct: Charleston, Bk. D. p. 294. 

»" if. C. O., Bk. O. N° 9, p. 547. 

»" Ibid., Bk. Z. N° 9, p. 292. 


has been mentioned in connection with the first grant outside of 
Charles Town. The writer has found no grant entered to Coming 
for this 810 acres on the remaining records but the grant to Lady 
Margaret Yeamans made in September 1674 of the next adjoining 
tract bounds East on John Coming. In a deed made as late as 
June 1809 from the Treasurer of the lower division of the State 
to George A. Z. Smith it is recited that this 810 acres was origi- 
naiiy granted to John Coming in 1672.^'- In the memorial of George 
Smith the second son of the first Landgrave Smith dated 16 Janu- 
ary 1732 he states that this 810 acres was transferred to him on 5 
March 1713 by James Risbie and Jane his wife.*™ 

On the 3 May 1731 George Smith donated to his daughter 
Mary Bassett wife of the Re\^ Nathan Bassett 172 acres of this 
810 acres"® but in 1755 Dorothy (sic) Bassett transferred back to 
Archer Smith this 172 acres: George Smith the father of Archer 
Smith had already devised to the latter the other 638 acres so tlie 
whole 810 acres were reunited in Archer Smith who states in his 
memorial dated 24 March 1759 that this 810 acres was part of 
Landgrave Daniels patent granted to him, and that Landgrave 
Daniel had conveyed to James Risbie, who had conveyed to 
his father George Smith.'^^ The inference of the v/riter is that 
no grant was made to John Coming, that the 810 acres was run 
out under the warrant, but then abandoned or surrendered or 
transferred by Coming and rerun out and granted to Landgrave 
Daniel. In the memorial of George Smith he calls the creek to 
the South "Esaw" creek while in- the deed to George A. Z. Smith 
in 1809 it is called "Logans" creek. 

A large grant of marsh land and other accessions were made to 
the property in the hands of George A. Z. Smith, who on 2 January 
1826 transferred it to Charles T. Brown as containing 1644 acres 
bounding South on a creek called Logans, Onsa, or Filben creek.*" 
By the descendants of M' Brown the 1644 acres were in 1866 con- 
veyed away. The old brick dwelling house on this plantation was 
destroyed by fire a good many years ago. It was of very ancient 

"< M. C. 0., Bk. Z. N» 7, p. 162. 

"* Memo: Bk.,1, p. 99. 

"* M. C. O. Charleston, Bk. L. p. 262. 

"^ Memo Bk., 7, p. 221. 

"• M. C. O. Charleston, Bk. T., N« 9, p. 232. . 


date and was one of the few remaining constructions known to the 
writer where the basement or ground floor was loopholed through 
the brick wall so as to use musquetry for defence against attack by 


North of the Palmetto tract, and upon Goose Creek is the plan- 
tation now known as " Yeamans Hall" and long belonging to the 
family of Thomas Smith the second Landgrave of the name. On 
5 September 1674 a warrant was issued to lay out to "Lady Mar- 
garett Yeamans" 1070 acres for herself and so many servants and 
negroes arriving in 1671 and 1672.^^' The grant was made 9 
Febr'y 1674/5 for 1070 acres bounding upon "Yeamans his 
"Creeke in Ittawan River. "'^'' Yeamans creek was what is now 
known as Goose Creek. Sir John Yeamans the husband of Lady 
Margaret Yeamans died in July or August 1674 and prior to the 
date of the grant. It is altogether improbable that Sir John Yea- 
mans ever resided upon the property granted. He appears almost 
beyond doubt to have died in the Province of South Carolina (the 
historians to the contrary notwithstanding), but his place of resi- 
dence was probably upon the Wappoo plantation.'*' His widow 
after his death — and after the grant — married William Walley,*^ 
whether in Barbados or South Carolina the writer has not been 
able to ascertain. In 1677 a plantation, apparently this tract, 
was managed for them by James Moore. This James Moore was 
the celebrated one of the name afterwards Governor of the 
Province (in 1700) and a man of great capacity and energy. 
He had married Margaret Berringer the daughter of Lady Yea- 
mans by a former husband. At some period between 1677 and 
1718 the 1070 acres was transferred to Thomas Smith the son of 
the first Landgrave, Exactly when the writer has not been able 
to determine. His descendant the late M" Poyas the "Ancient 
Lady" states he took possession in 1694.'^ She however states 
only tradition and on such dates is very poor authority. Cer- 

"* Printed Warrants, 1672-1679, p. S2. 

"'^S.C. Hist: b- Gen Mag:, vol.XI,p. 117, 

»« 5. C. Hist: £r Gen: Mag, vol. XVI, p. 61. 

"* Printed Journal of the Grand Council for April, 1677, p. 81. 

»" The Olden Time of Carolina, p. 50. 


tain it is that on 10 July 1718 a grant was made to Landgrave 
Thomas Smith for 1869 acres which within its bounds includes the 
plantation afterwards called Yeamans Hall, and almost as certainly 
(in default of the original map annexed to the original grant to 
Lady Yeamans) includes the tract of 1070 acres.'** In the me- 
morial of his title to his lands entered under the Statute of 1731 
Landgrave Smith states his title to this 1869 acres to be derived 
from the grant of 1718. The warrant for this grant was dated 27 
Sepf^ 1716. This warrant the writer has found no copy of on the 
record but the certificate of the surveyor who made the survey 
under the warrant is on record,^** This certificate states that 
in obedience to the warrant he had run out 1869 acres "Scituate 
"and being on the Southsideof a Branch of Cooper River Com- 
"monly called Goose Creek and is butting and bounding to the 
" North** on the marshes of y« said Creek to y South'* on y Land 
" of M' John Filbien & John Penniman to y Eastw* on Capt George 
"Smith and to the Westward on M' Brian Realy's land which 
"upon an Exact Survey proved to be 707 Acres of Land more 
" than was formerly granted as appears by the several Platts and 
"Grants," From this it would appear that 1162 acres of the 1869 
had already been granted: and deducting 1070 acres granted to 
Lady Yeaman would leave 92 acres held under another grant On 
30 March 1704 a warrant was issued to lay out to Landgrave Smith 
"all ye marsh la)dng before his plantacon Called Westockon."*** 
It is only surmise that the grant for this marsh covered the 92 
acres and that he then called the plantation Westockon. The 
writer has never come across the name Westockon except in this 
entry. If the surmise be correct and that Westockon meant the 
land afterwards called Yeamans Hall Landgrave Smith should then 
have owned the property prior to 1704. In his will made in 1738 
he gives no name to the property. He devises to his eldest son 
Henry "my brick house or family mansion at Goose Creek to- 
"gether with 500 acres of land joining on my brother D"^ George 
"Smith" and refers in the other devises to the property as his 
"Goose creek plantation" or "Goose creek lands." In a plat of 
the property made in 1786 by the surveyor Joseph Purcell for the 

*»* Memo: Bk., 5, p. 147. 

«» OJ: Hist: Com*., Bk. 1714-1717, p. 91. 

«* Printed Warrants, \^(>-in\, p. \^. 


then owner, Thomas Smith, the son of Henry, to whom the above 
mentioned devise was made no mention is made of the name being 
Yeamans Hall. The earliest mention of it by that name so far 
as the writer knows is in M" Poyas "Olden Time of Carolina" 
published in 1855. She calls it "Yeoman Hall," but as she also 
says that Yeoman Hall was "once the property of Lord Craven" 
(p. 19) and that the first Landgrave Smith married the youthful 
Baroness the widow of Bernard Schencking both of which state- 
ments are absolutely without foundation, and directly contra- 
dicted by the record, it is difficult to give much weight to her 
. statement as to the name of the property. As however her recol- 
lection must have gone back to the beginning of the nineteenth 
century it would seem probable that at that time say about 1800 
it was known as Yeamans Hall. By his will in 1738 the second 
Landgrave split up the property into a number of pieces. He de^ 
vised to his son Henry the mansion house and 500 acres and 200 
acres of "my great marsh." To his son Thomas 400 acres adjoin^ 
ing his brother Henry, and 200 acres marsh; to his daughter Eliza- 
beth 180 acres and 70 acres marsh: to his son George 150 acres and 
"onehalf of the second great marsh:" to his wife 100 acres and 2S 
acres marsh: to his son Benjamin Smith 148 acres and 46 acres of 

From Henry Smith the property passed to his son Thomas 
Smith, and from him to his son George Henry Smith and from 
George Henry Smith to his son Thomas Henry Smith whose rep- 
resentatives sold it sometime after 1900 — one of the longest trans- 
missions known to the writer of property in the hands of the de- 
scendants of the original holder in South Carolina.' The mansion 
house was destroyed by fire some years ago. A description of this 
house from tradition of a most fanciful character is given by M*» 
Poyas (pp. 19, 50, 52). True she adds (p. 52) that every trace of 
this traditional magnificence had long disappeared before her 
first visit to the place in 1812. She repeats the old tradition of a 
subterraneous passage from the cellar to the graveyard and con- 
tinued on to the creek where boats were tied. This passage to be 
used for the purposes of escape. A visit to and inspection of the 
locality will satisfy anyone of the absolute impracticability of the 
existence of any such subterraneous passage. The writer will add 
that traditions of such subterraneous passages are connected with 


several old family seats in lower South Carolina but that he has in 
not a single instance found it to stand the test of examination. 
The family graveyard is not far from the site of the oH residence 
and contains a number of tombstones. Altho but 500 a^res and 
200 acres of marsh was devised by the second Landgrave to his 
son Henry, the latter must have reacquired some of the parts de- 
vised to his mother and brothers and sister for according to Pur- 
cells plat before referred to, the property in 1786 included 1095 
acres of high land and 276 acres of marsh, a total of 1371 acres. 


South of Yeamans Hall and West of the Palmettoes was a plan- 
tation of 344 acres on Onsaw creek conveyed in April 1729 by 
Landgrave Edmund Bellinger to Charles Filbin.^*^ Charles Filbin 
in 1738 devised to his son John Filbin.^^* This tract was owned 
later by Charles Douglas who in 1821 conveyed it (reserving from 
the conveyance the family burying ground) to one Francis S. Cur- 
tis389 ^jjQ jjj J 324 conveyed it to John Hunter Trustee for M** 
Frances L. Curtis, who in 1831 conveyed it to William Johnson"* 
whose executors in 1835 conveyed the same 344 acres to Rudolph 
C. Geyer Trustee designating it by the name of the "Curtis'* 


West of Filbens and Streators and lying just East of the public 
road to Goose Creek was a plantation of 566 acres which prior to 
1770 was owned by Daniel Cannon of Charleston. According to 
the old plats it was composed of three tracts viz: 88 acres con- 
veyed by Robert Hurst to Daniel Cannon on 13 May 1772 part 
of the 599 acres devised in 1757 by Joseph Hurst to his son Robert 
as mentioned in the previous account of "Simpsons," and on the 
plat stated to be a part of 220 acres formerly granted to Edward 
Weekley. 303|^ acres consisting of 293^ acres conveyed by 

"^ Memo: Bk., 1, p. 30. 

»»« Ibid., voL 7, p. 24. 

"» M. C. O. Charleston, Bk. H. N» 9, p. 445. 

*»• Ibid., Bk. E. N° 10, p. 64. 

»» Ibid.. Bk. M. N« 10. p. 143. 


Landgrave Thomas Smith 23 Sept' 1727 to Joseph Hurst^^ and 
by Joseph Hurst in 1757 devised to his eldest son Benjamin Hurst"* 
who in September 1759 with Ann his wife conveyed to Daniel 
Cannon, the 293^ acres according to an old plat of 1759 being 
composed of parts of three several tracts of Landgrave Smith but 
without designating the three grants; and of 7 acres conveyed by 
William Wragg to Joseph Hurst being the Westernmost part of a 
larger tract formerly of one Sarah Somerville: and 189 acres con- 
veyed by Mary Smith Widow of Landgrave Thomas Smith and 
her son Benjamin Smith to Daniel Cannon on 8 May 1762; and 
apparently being part of 200 acres of pine land part of his Goose 
creek plantation referred to in Landgrave Smith's will of 1738 on 
the high road to Goose Creek to be divided between his wife and 
his sons George and Benjamin. 

By some exchange between Daniel Cannon and John Glen the 
possessor of "Streators" the acreage was reduced to 566 acres 
and was in 1800 conveyed by Daniel Cannon to M" Hannah Hey- 
ward^'* who in 1805 conveyed to M" Hannah Roper^®^ who died 
in 1827 and by her will empowered her executors to sell her Goose 
Creek plantation called Oakland.^®* A sale must have been made 
to William Johnson for although the deed to him does not appear 
on the record yet in 1835 his executors conveyed to Rudolph C. 
Geyer the plantation called Oakland containing 566 acres accord- 
ing to the plat annexed to the deed from Daniel Cannon to Han- 
nah Heyward.^'^ The upper line of this plantation lay just a 
short distance South of the 10 mile stone from Charleston. 


West of Oakland and lying between it and the plantations al- 
ready referred to as Fetteressa, and Stony Point, was a large plan- 
tation commonly called "The Camp." It was originally a tract 
of 1000 acres granted to Christopher Smith 15 September 1705."* 

»« Ibid., Bk. S. p. 321. 

»" Prob: Ct: Charleston, Bk. 1757-60, p. 153. 

»M if . C. O. CAar/Mto», Bk. B. N* 7, p. 259. 

»»» Ibid., Bk. Q. N° 7, p. 291. 

»»• Prob: Ct. Charleston, Bk. G. p. 182. 

"' M. C. O. Charleston, Bk. M. N** 10, p. 143. 

*** Proprietory Grants, vol. 38, p. 501. 


In like manner as stated in the case of Stock Prior the warrants 
had been issued, and it had no doubt been surveyed out, and oc- 
cupied by Smith long before the date of this grant. During Chris- 
topher Smiths possession it was called Smith's Cowpen or the 
Upper Stock.''* After the death of Smith under authority of an 
Act of the General Assembly his lands were sold and were pur- 
chased in 1709 by Ralph Izard who had married for his second 
wife Dorothy Smith the widow of Christopher Smith. At the 
death of Ralph Izard the tract passed to his eldest son the second 
Ralph Izard who added to the property 170 acres conveyed to 
him in 1712 by Henroydah English consisting of 100 acres origi- 
nally granted to Henroydah English and 70 acres originally granted 
to John Prowman (the 70 acres afterwards regranted to Ralph 
Izard*°°), also 120 acres conveyed to him in 1724 by Thomas 
Pinckney, who in 1729 conveyed to him 30 acres more/*" the whole 
150 acres being part of the 500 acre grant to Thomas Rose re- 
ferred to in the account of "Fetteressa;" and also 160 acres part 
of 250 acres originally granted to William Williams, the whole six 
tracts aggregating 1480 acres but as on resurvey it was found 
that older grants to Landgrave Thomas Smith and Thomas Rose 
took off 300 acres of the 1000 acres tract the aggregate was re- 
duced to 1180 acres. This plantation early in the ownership of the 
second Ralph Izard was called "The Camp" and afterwards Izards 
Camp or simply Camp. How it obtained the name the writer 
has not ascertained. It has been suggested that it came from the 
fact that the colonial forces under Governor Charles Craven were 
there encamped in 1715 just before they marched south against 
the Indians in the Yemassee war. It is referred to as the Camp 
plantation in a deed of 1739 from the second Ralph Izard to his 
son Henry .^''^ It was a residence and seat of the elder branch of 
the Izard family for many years conjointly with The Elms on 
Goose Creek. The mansion at the Camp according to the account 
given by Major General George Izard in his M.S. autobiographi- 
cal sketch, survived the Revolutionary war, and was well remem- 
bered by him but was destroyed by fire before 1789. It was an 

»»» 5. C. Hist: fir Gen: Mag., vol. H, p. 209. 
««> Proprietory Grants, vol. 39, p. 193. 
♦" Memo: Bk., 5, p. 256. 
«" M. C. O., Bk. Z. p. 47. 


inland rice plantation i.e. the swamp portions of it were planted in 
rice but the rice acreage was not great. It passed from the second 
Ralph Izard to his eldest son Henry, and from Henry Izard to his 
only son Ralph Izard who was Commissioner to Tuscany during 
the Revolutionary war and was one of the two first senators from 
South Carolina after the adoption of the Constitution of the United 
States.*"' From this last Ralph Izard the property passed to his 
eldest son Henry Izard and was on 6 April 1831 for the settlement 
of his estate, sold, after it had been in the Izard family as a plan- 
tation and country seat for 122 years. The Camp plantation was 
about 8 miles from Charleston and bounded in part to the East 
on the main public road to Goose creek. 


South of the Camp, and of Stony Point, plantations was a small 
plantation of a very irregular shape containing only some 113 acres 
which is the only yet unnoticed tract in this article within the 
limits set for notice in the beginning. The plantation is o' no 
particular interest and deserves attention only for the period of 
time it continued in the hand of the same family. The main public 
road to Ashley ferry runs through it, and the road or avenue to the 
Stony Point settlement left the public road upon it. On 12 June 
1714 a grant was made to William Bull (the son of Stephen Bull the 
immigrant) for 36 acres.*"* On 2 June 1722 John Cockfield and 
Rachel his wife conveyed to William Bull 67 acres*"* part of the 500 
acre grant to Burnaby Bull mentioned in the account of Com 
Hill. From the first William Bull the property past to his son 
WiUiam Bull the Lieutenant Governor of the Province at the out- 
break of the Revolution in 1775 and from him it passed to his 
wife Hannah Bull, by whose representative it was conveyed away 
sometime after 1810, but the deed does not appear to be on the 

In preparing this article the writer has treated very succinctly 
concerning the grants within the area of the present City of 

*" A full account of Ralph Izard and the Izard family is given in S. C. 
Hist. &• Gen. Mag., vol. II, p. 205. 
«« Memo: Bk., 1, p. 348. 
«» Ibid., p. 356. 


Charleston. To have given an account of their subdivisions and 
the devolutions of title, and of the villages, boroughs, greens &c, 
which have been absorbed in the City would have swelled this 
article, already too long, to an impracticable length. They merit 
and will receive full treatment in a future article to be devoted to 
the City alone. 

The map published with this article has the different grants and 
plantations all assimilated to the scale of the United States Coast 
Survey — a most tedious labour. The lines of the different tracts 
on that small scale do not pretend to be more than approximate, 
and generally speaking represent the lines of say about 1800 and 
as not aflFected by subsequent changes and present ownership. 


Compiled by Mabel L. Webber 

(Coniintied from the October Number) 

Last Thursday evening Mr. Adam Gilchrist, of Philadelphia, 
was married to Miss Hetty Budd, the youngest daughter of D' 
John Budd, of this City. (Saturday, June 12, 1784) 

Last night died Mrs. Henrietta Loocock, relict of the deceased 
D' William Loocock, of this City. (Ibid.) 

Last week died at Edisto, Mr. Jeremiah Eaton, of that place. 

Last Sunday departed this life, after a long and tedious illness, 
which he endured with the greatest fortitude, in the 67th year of 
his age, the Hon. Henry Middleton, Esq., of this City, a Gentle- 
man much esteemed through life by a numerous acquaintance, 
who now sincerely regret his death. His remains were on Monday 
carried to Goosecreek to be deposited in the family vault. (Wed- 
nesday, June 16, 1784) 

Several persons died suddenly on Saturday and Simday last, 
owing it is supposed, to the intense heat of the weather. (Ibid.) 

Thursday Mr. Thomas Jackson, of St. Thomas's Parish was 
married to Miss Elizabeth Duke. (Ibid.) 

Last week was married in Liberty County [Ga.] Col. John Baker, 
to Mrs. Lapina, widow of the deceased Capt Lapina. (Satur- 
day, June 19, 1784) 

Last Thursday evening Mr. Charles Warham, of this City, 
Merchant, was married to Miss Betsy Gibbes, daughter of Wil- 
liam Gibbes, Esq. (Ibid.) 

The same evening was married in St. Thomas's Parish, Capt. 
John Hart, to Miss Mary Screven, youngest daughter of General 
James Screven, deceased, late of the State of Georgia. (Ibid.) 

Yesterday died after a long illness, Mr. George Smith, of St 
Thomas's Parish, son of the late Rev. Mr. Josiah Smith, many 
years pastor of the Independent Church of this City. (Ibid.) 



Lately died at Waccamaw, near Georgetown, Joseph Allston, 
Esq., of that place. (Ibid.) 

Last Saturday evening Mr. Thomas Foster, Merchant, was 
married to Mrs. Mary Brewton, widow of the deceased Mr. John 
Brewton, and eldest daughter of Edward Weyman, Esq., of this 
City — a lady possessed of every amiable accomplishment requi- 
site to render the connubial state happy. (Wednesday, June 23, 

On Sunday Evening last Capt. John Porter, of this City, was 
married to Miss Polly Cox, eldest daughter of the deceased Mr. 
Joseph Cox, late of the State of New York. (Ibid.) 

This morning died in this City, Miss Polly Jenkins, daughter of 
Daniel Jenkins, Esq; of Edisto. (Ibid.) 

On Monday the 21st instant was married at Cane Acre, Lam- 
bert Lance, Esq., of this City, to Miss Sarah Harvey, only daugh- 
ter of the deceased Maurice Harvey, Esq. 

Behold, a Pair by Heaven design'd, 
A Pattern to the H'uman Kindl 
In whom the Graces all conspire 
To Ught Love's pure and warmest Fire. 
May they Life's Choicest Gifts enjoy, 
Each Hour in Something good employ; 
Live happy, while on Earth they rove, 
And find at last a Paradise above. (Ibid.) 
Yesterday died, after a long illness, Isaac Mazyck, Esq., of this 
City. (Saturday, July 3, 1784.) 

"Last Wednesday was married, in the 16th year of her age, at 
" her mother's house near the negroes burying ground in this City, 
"by Rabbi Abraham Alexander, Miss Rachel de la Motta, a na- 
"tive of S* Croix, to Mr. Abraham De Pass, of Jamaica — two 
"persons in whom wit, beauty and good nature never shined more 
"conspicuous." (Ibid.) 

This afternoon died, in an advanced age, Mrs. Martha Phillips, 
widow of the deceased Mr. Timothy Phillips, Sailmaker. (Ibid.) 
Last Friday died, in St. Thomas's Parish, after a lingering ill- 
ness, Mrs. Martha Hesket, widow of the deceased Mr. John 
Hesket. (Wednesday, July 7, 1784.) 

Last Monday morning died, in this City, in the 55th year of 
his age, Capt. Joseph Turpin, who was a good husband, tender 


parent, and a steady friend to the true interests of America. — His 
remains were decently interred yesterday morning in the Friend's 
buryihg ground. — "0 may we die the death of the righteous^ and 
our last end be like his." (Ibid.) 

The same day died Capt. William Wheatley, master of the ship 
South Carolina. (Ibid.) 

Yesterday was married at Edisto, Mr. Thomas Baynard, to 
Miss Sally Calder, daughter of the deceased Mr. John Gaidar of 
that place — (Ibid). 

This afternoon died after a short illness, Mr. William Bower, of 
this City, Watchmaker — (Ibid.) 

Philadelphia .... June 24 .... Thursday Morn- 
ing last was married, Mr. Francis Barbe d'Marbois, Consul Gen- 
eral of France to Miss Elizabeth Moore, daughter of the late 
President of this State.— (Wednesday, July 7, 1784.) 

Married.] In the Cheraws District, Mr. Malachi Murphy, to 
Miss Polly Hicks, daughter of Colonel George Hicks, of the same 
place. — (Wednesday, July 14, 1784.) 

Died.] At the Cheraws, Charles Irby, Esq. of • that place. 

Married.] At Chehaw, Mr. William Elms, to Miss Sarah 
Fields, of that place. — (Saturday, July 17, 1784) 

Died.) In St. Thomas Parish, in the bloom of life, Mr. Joseph 
Maybank, son of the deceased Joseph Maybank, Esq. — (Ibid.) 

Monday morning died, in the 16*^ year of her age. Miss Frances 
Duboise, daughter of the deceased Mr. James Duboise, of St. 
Thomas's Parish. (Wednesday— July 28, 1784.) 

This morning died, after a short illness, much regretted by his 
family and friends, Mr. Richard Yeadon, of this City, Watch- 
maker. (Ibid.) 

(To be continued) 


Copied by Mabel L. Webber 

{Continued fr 0771 the October Number) 

. . . . and Mary his Wife . . " . . October 24, 1717. 
John the Son of Thomas Boone & Mary his wife was bom Feb- 
ruary 24^ 1719/20. 
Thomas the son of Thomas Boone & Mary his Wife was bom 

March 4*^ 1722/3. 
Susannah the Daughter of Thomas Boone & Mary his Wife was 

bora Jan^y 9*^ 1725/6. 
William the Son of Thomas Boone & Mary his wife was bom 

April 12**' 1728. 
Patie a Twin & the other still-born, the son of Thomas Boone & 

Mary his wife was bora June 16. 1730. 
Capers, the Son oi Thomas Boone & Mary his Wife was bom 

August 23. 1732. 
John the Son of Thomas Boone & Mary his wife was bom October 

9*'' 1734. 
Thomas the Son of Thomas Boone & Mary his Wife was married 

to Susannah Croft November 23** 1741. 
Susanna the Daughter of Thomas Boone & Mary his wife was 

married to Levi Durand May 14*** 1745; had issue as follows. 

Levi who was born on the 25*^ Decemar 1746. Thomas who 

was born on the 15<* July 1748. 
Constantia Gibbes Daug: of Will" & Elizabeth Gibbes was bom 

24**' July 1749. 
Peter Guery the Son of Elijah Guerry & his Wife was 

baptized at San tee 10 June 1750. 
Edmond the Son of Edmond & Susannah Morain, was bom Sep- 
tember 24**' A. D. 1739 & Baptized July 13*^ 1740. 
Samuel Son of Benj* & Eliz*** Joy was born Anno: Domini 1733 & 

Mary Player Daughter of Roger & Patience Player was bom 

Nov 19; 1719. 



Roger Son of Roger & Patience Player was bom May 5*^ Anno 

Domini 1722 & Baptized. 
Susannah Daught'of Roger & Patience Player was bom Oct' 

21 A. D. 1724 & Baptized. 
Joseph Son of Roger & Patience Player was bora April 18 A. D. 

1727 & Baptized. 
Thomas Player first Son of Roger & Martha Player was born De- 
cember the 28*'' 1730/31 & Baptized. 
Patience Daughter of Roger & Martha Player was bora July 28*'' 

A. D. 1733 & Baptized. 
Radial Daughter of Roger & Martha Player was born ffebruary 

26 A. D. 1735/6 & Baptized. 
William Roger Son of Roger & Martha Player was born March 

16*'' 1737/8 & Baptized. 
John Grant Son of Capt. Grant & Katherine his wife was 

bora Nov' 23^ 1911 & Baptized. 
Katherine Daughter of Capt. Grant & Katherine his wife 

was born 20*'' Aug* 1713 & Baptized. 
Richard, Son of Tookerman & Katherine his wife was 

bom May 18*'' 1719 & Baptized. 
Elizabeth, Daughter of Tookerman & Katherine his Wife 

was bom Oct' 25*'' A. D. 1720 & Baptized. 
Rob* Son of John & Elizabeth Gibbens was bora Feb' 4*'' A. D. 

1740 & Baptized. 
James Son of Rob* & Eliz*'' Darrill was born 28*'' May A. D. 

1740, & Baptized. 
James Son of James & Jane Eden was born June 9*'' 1729. 
Joshua Son of James & Jane Eden was bora Sepf 14*'' 1731. 
Jane Daughter of James & Jane Eden born June 10*'' 1733. 
William Son of James & Jane Eden bora July H*** 1735. 
Oct' 30*'' 1740. S. Hartley. [Registrar.] 
Elizabeth daughter of James and Sarah White was bom 15-9 bar 

1740 & was baptized the 20*'' December 1740 by the Reven* 

Levi Durand Minister of Christ Church Parish. 
Elizabeth Daughter of James & Jane Eden Jun' was baptiz'd y* 

10*'' of January 1740 by the Reven** Levi Durand. 
James Son of James & Ann Magaw [?] was bom Feb' 24: 1741 

and was baptized April y* 5 by the Reverend M' Levi Durand. 
Paty Son of John Holmes &' Catherine his wife was bom y* 2* 


day of May & baptized the 6*^ of the same Month 1741 p' 

Rev^ Levi Durand. 
Thomas Son of John Rutledge & Sarah his wife was baptized the 

2^ of May 1741. 
John Son of Richard Winright and Mary his wife was born y* 9 

day of March and baptized the 5^^ July 1741 p' Re\^ Levi 

Elias Son of Daniel Lewis and Mary his wife was bom the 24*'' 

day of December 1740 and baptized in June 1741 p' Rev** Levi 


(To be continued.) 


The Dwelung Houses of Charleston, by Alice R. Huger Smith 
and D. E. Huger Smith, with 11 Illustrations from draw- 
ings by Ahce R. H. Smith, Photographs, and Architectural 
Drawings by Albert Simons. J. B. Lippincott Co., Phila- 
delphia and London, 1917; limited edition. 
One of those rare books which, once issued, are indispensable. 
A notable contribution to the artistic, historical and architectural 
record of Charleston; the most notable of its kind thus far issued 
in the South. A genuinely distinguished contribution to Ameri- 
can domestic historical literature. A volume which will be wel- 
comed by the thoughtful, the appreciative, the cultivated, criti- 
cal and observant, who have seen with unavailing regret Old 
Charleston swiftly disappearing before inevitable change, with its 
quaint, peculiar beauty, curious interest, and distinctive and 
singularly individual architecture. 

A history of the town, its noteworthy dwellings, and the people; 
a story of the historic dwelling-houses of Charleston, of the people 
who have inhabited them, and of their architecture, architecture 
for the most part that of the Georgian period, imported and 
modified by influence from England, yet persistently maintaining 
a local character, so pecuUar, so adapted to its environment, and 
so individual as to become a distinctive style, well-developed, ex- 
cellent, peculiar and attractive, which for many years maintained 
its supremacy and retained its foothold, altered slightly by the 
taste which governed the times, yet preserving a distinction now 
in jeopardy, and marked by a refinement of general taste rarely 
if ever equaled, and never surpassed, in America. 

The task is one seldom essayed by several individuals so well- 
prepared, so genuinely enthusiastic and so capable of concord. 
One instinctively recalls old volumes inspired by a true love of 
their subject, such as those in which Pugin, Heath and Ventouillac 
employed their skill, flinging their hearts into the task of record- 
ing and preserving the beauty, the pecuharity, the history, the 
technical excellence and singular charm of the architecture of the 
past. The authors have done the city a service. 



The one hundred and twenty-eight illustrations, of singular 
excellence, comprise fifty-nine drawings by Miss Alice R. H. 
Smith, including 41 grouped minor sketch-designs of wrought- 
iron grilles, gates, balconies and brackets, several plates from 
"Twenty Drawings of the Pringle House," fifteen plans of houses 
and grounds and measured drawings of architectural detail by 
Mr. Albert Simons, of Todd, Simons & Todd, thirty-nine photo- 
graphs by St. JulienMelchers, in addition to reproductions of old 
maps, water-colors by Charles Fraser, prints and historical photo- 
graphs. There is a picture, drawing or photograph, of almost 
every noteworthy old dwelling-house in Charleston, in some in- 
stances several, with detail drawings and interior architectural 
photographs of the most individual and renowned. 

The illustrations are printed with unusual care, which the 
reproductions of Miss Smith's exquisite pencil-drawings, diaw- 
ings of peculiar, delicate skill and strength, have well repaid. 
The drawings and plans by Mr. Simons remind one of the delicate 
elegance and precision of the Style Books of the Eighteenth Cen- 
tury, of which the architecture of Old Charleston was the en- 
chanting echo. One wishes there were more of these. The 
photographs are excellent 

Mr. Huger Smith's wide fund of authoritative information lends 
peculiar value to the volume, the text of which represents a vast 
amount of painstaking research. An immense mass of his- 
torical material is here presented with a coherence, a lucidity, an 
interest and an accuracy uncommon in books of this sort. Per- 
haps there is no other local historian so well equipped for the 
task as he. The same unstinting care is lavished upon this book 
and the same unstinting generosity which characterize all Mr. 
Huger Smith's relations with students of Charleston's history. 

The volume is addressed to Mr. Motte Alston Read, in recog- 
nition of sympathy and help always unobtrusively at the service 
of his friends. 

Students of Georgian architecture in its American develop- 
ment, and those who merely enjoy its charm will fimd much in- 
terest in this book. 

Further comment, by Mr. Simons, from an academic architec- 
tural standpoint, would not have been amiss. 

Here and there the text presumes a knowledge which the un- 


familiar reader lacks. From this arises, here and there, some 
uncertamty as to the location of a building under discussion. No 
space is spent in futile conjecture: the result is a book, timely, 
welcome and well-done. It is greatly to be regretted that the 
edition was not larger; the portion in the publisher's . hands is 
already exhausted.* 

In the "Dwelling Houses of Charleston" it is stated that the 
old house on Meeting Street, now owned by the Charleston Club, 
was built by Mr. Wilson Glover about 1800. Since the appear- 
ance of the book Mr. Huger Smith has been convinced by Mrs. 
J. Palmer Lockwood, that in fact the house was built considera- 
bly earlier by her fore-father, Mr. Josiah Smith. This makes it 
the more interesting as it thus connects even more closely with 
the house the name of this prominent Revolutionary figure, to 
whom is due the reclamation of lower Meeting Street. (See pages 
177 and 196 of the book.) 

' Reviewed by Mr. John Benaett 









APRIL, 1918 

Entered at the Post-office at Charleston, S. C, as 
Second-Class Matter 


Joseph W. Barnwell, Henry A. M. Smith, 

A. S. S alley, Jr. 

Mabel L. Webber. 


Hog Island and Shute's Folly Abstracts from Marriage Bonds 
of South Carolina 95 

Order book of John Faucherand Grimke 101 

Marriage and Death Notices from the South Carolina 
Weekly Gazette 105 

The Register of Christ Church Parish 1 14 

Historical Notes 120 

N. B. — These Magazines, with the exception of No. 1 of 
Vol. I, are $1.25 to any one other than a member of the South 
Carolina Historical Society. Members of the Society receive 
them free. The Membership fee is $4.00 per annum (the fiscal 
year being from January to January), and members can buy 
back numbers or duplicates at $1.00 each. In addition to 
receiving the Magazines, members are allowed a discount of 25 
per cent, on all other publications of the Society, and have the 
free use of the Society's library. 

Any member who has not received the last number will 
please notify the Secretary and Treasurer. 

Miss Mabel L. Webber, 

South Carolina Historical Society, 

Charleston. S. C. 

The South Carolina 
Historical and Genealogical 


VOL. XIX APRIL, 1918 No. 2 

By Henry A. M. Smith 

HOG island: a vanished island in CHARLESTON HARBOUR 

Opposite the present City of Charleston on the Eastern or North- 
eastern side of the Cooper river, is a body of salt marsh land now 
commonly known as Hog Island. It is bounded on the West by 
the Cooper river, on the South by the creek, or rather connecting 
passage, called Hog Island creek, or Hog Island Channel, on the 
East by the open bay in front of the Town of Mt. Pleasant and on 
the North by a small creek or passage separating it from the main- 
land. This last creek is unnamed on the U. S. Coast survey map: 
but in the early deeds is called "Hog Island Creek;" and the pas- 
sage to the South, now called Hog Island creek, in the early deeds 
is called "Sulivants" creek, possibly after Captain Florentia 
O'SuUivan after whom Sullivan's Island was named and who was 
the grantee of a large tract of land on the mainland adjacent 

On 12 Sept^ 1694 a grant was made to Edmund Belhnger (sub- 
sequently created a Landgrave) of a tract of seventeen acres on the 
East side of Cooper River over against Charles Town commonly 
known by the name of "Hogg Island" bounding North on Hogg 
Island creek. South on Sulivants creek, and East and West upon a 
marsh.^ As a subsequent map shows, this seventeen acres, of 

* Proprietory Grants, vol. 38, p. 151. Offic. Hist. Comn", Memo: Bk. l,p. 401. 



evidently highland, was situated near the Eastern edge of the 
marsh toward the mouth of Shem (originaly under its Indian name 
Shem-ee) creek. On 23 March 1708 this seventeen acres was con- 
veyed by Elizabeth Eellinger ' 'Widow and Relict of said Edmund 
Bellinger" to Alexander Parris.^ The deed of feoffment includes 
in the description ' 'the houses &c &c thereon." This may be only 
a part of the general wording of such a deed; still there may at that 
time have been houses on the Island. 

This deed also resolves a query put by the present writer in the 
article on the Ashepoo Barony published in a former number of 
this Magazine^ as to whether the first Landgrave Bellinger's widow 
was named Elizabeth. It is evident she was. She may have been 
a second wife, and not the mother of his surviving children or all of 
them, as a traditionary account given by D''. J. G. Bulloch, in a 
pamphlet published by him, gives the name of Landgrave Bellin- 
ger's wife, the mother of his children as Sarah Cartwright. Of this 
the writer has found no evidence on the record, and as after the 
Landgrave's death Elizabeth Bellinger seems to have been ap- 
pointed to administer on his estate, none of his sons could well have 
been then old enough to do so.* 

On 23 January 1724 Alexander Parris and Mary his wife con- 
veyed the property to William Gibbon and Jonah Collins in trust 
for Alexander's wife Mary Parris who on 4th of March 1730 joined 
with her husband and her Trustee Jonah Collins in conveying it to 
John Gascoigne Captain of His Majesty's "Shipp of Warr" named 
the Alborough.^ 

In the possession of Captain Gascoigne the name of Hog Island 
was dropped and the property was named "Mount Edgecombe." 

In February 1733/34 he advertised the property for sale or lease 


"monly Called Hog-Island being a very commodious Situation for 
"a carining wharf and for a Ferry. The Creeks round it affording 
"perfect security for Boats and Periaguas in the most stormy 
"Weather: as the Main-Creeks doth for Ships of the greatest 

^ M. CO. Charleston, Bk. I, p. 215. 
' S. C. Hist. &• Gen: Mag., vol. XV, p. 66. 
* Prob: Ct: Charleston Bk., 1716-1721, p. 140. 
5 M. C. O. Charleston, Bk. I, p. 215. 


' 'Draught: and they abound with such a continual plenty of Fish, 
"that the Town may be constantly serv'd from thence. On the 
"Island is a New Dwelling House &c. built on the high Bluff, which 
' 'commands an entire prospect of the Harbour, from the Barr to the 
' 'Town. A delightful Wilderness with shady Walks and Arbours, 
' 'cool in the hottest Seasons. A piece of Garden-ground where all 
"the best kinds of Fruit and Kitchen Greens are produced, and 
"planted with Orange, Apple, Peach, Nectarine and Plumb trees 
' 'capable of being made a very good Vineyard and of other great 
"Improvements, and subject to the Quit-Rent of an Ear of 
"Indian Corn. Enquire of Capt. Gascoigne in Charles Town."® 

The advertisement procured a purchaser for on 27 March 1734 
Capt: Gascoigne conveyed to James Searles of Charles Town 
"victualer" all the seventeen acres "heretofore known by the 
name of Hog Island and since by the name of Mount Edgecombe"^ 

From and since James Searles the writer has not traced the title. 

On the map of Charleston Harbour made by the British at the 
siege in May 1780, the body of marsh appears as extending a good 
deal farther East towards Mount Pleasant than it now does.* 
There is on the map an island or knoll of high land in the marsh 
near the Eastern edge which is apparently the seventeen acre 
tract as it is designated Hog Island. 

It has now completely disappeared. The whole marsh has re- 
troceded Westward from the Eastern line of the marsh as it stood 
on the map of 1780 and the only evidence of any remains of the 
knoll of high land is a bank of old oyster shells having an area of 
but a few yards above ordinary high water mark. 

This is all left (if it be left therefrom) of the "high Bluff" men- 
tioned in the advertisement. The writer has been told by a resi- 
dent of Mt. Pleasant that a good many years ago — say 50 years — 
the space above high water was somewhat larger but that it has 
greatly diminished even in that period. 

The island has undoubtedly disappeared before the ravages of 
the cyclones and hurricanes since 1780. Its position left it open 
to the onslaught of the waves from, the open bay to the Southeast 
and once the trees and growth on the knoll were destroyed the 

8 So. Ca. Gazette, Saturday, February 9 to Saturday, February 16, 1733/34. 
''M. C. 0. Charleston, Bk. M, p. 22. 
« Charleston Year Book for 1882. p. 361. 


light sandy soil, which no doubt formed its surface, offered no sub- 
stantial opposition to the ravages of the waters. 

It is only one of many instances of this destruction along the 

The site of the original Fort Johnson on James Island opposite to 
Hog Island has been washed away and is now under water at low 

Battery Wagner on Morris Island, the scene of fierce conflict in 
1862, 1863, is now many yards at sea. On Coles Island on the 
Southern edge of James Island the old tabby fort built in 1812 
which fifty years ago was far from the water line is now daily 
threatened by the tide and fast disappearing. 

Bird Key, a small island off Stono inlet which seventy years ago 
had high sand hills upon it, is now a mere sand bank only a few 
inches above ordinary high tide. More striking as an illustration 
than all others is the site of the village of Edingsville on the Ocean 
edge of Edisto Island, which has been entirely swept away and is 
now in the ocean. 

The coast survey records, and geological observations, show that 
the coast along the South Atlantic States is sinking several inches 
in the century. In consequence of that depression and the ravages 
of storms the coast line is slowly retroceding. 

While due to the shifting nature of the sand forming the surface 
of our sea front, when it is washed away in one place, it * 'makes" in 
another, yet where what is washed away is soil several feet above 
high water, what is "made" is only a bank, or shoal, that never 
increases to more than a few inches above ordinary high tide. And 
what is once washed away is never (so far as the writer had ob- 
served) again returned. 

And such has been the fate of Mount Edgecombe. The ravages 
of the storms of September 1804, August 1813 and September 1822 
as described would account for the destruction of everything on 
such an exposed and unprotected knoll as Hog Island. In 1804 
' 'Fort Johnson was so injured as not to admit the mounting of a 
"single cannon. The breastwork and palisades of Fort Pinckney 
"were washed away."^" Fort Pinckney was the fortification on 

9 Charleston Year Book for 1883, p. 475. 
lORamsay, Hist, of So. Ca.. vol. 2, p. 330. 


Shute's Folly island afterwards known as Castle Pinckney: and 
its protective bulwarks against the attacks of storms, were no 
doubt much more capable of eflfective resistance than the light soil 
of Hog Island. Yet the hurricane of 1804 left Fort Pinckney a 

shute's folly island, and some early QUAKERS. WHY FOLLY? 

On 5 August 1711 a grant was made to Col Alexander Parris the 
then owner of "Hog Island" of 224 acres of Marsh land bounding 
East and South on Ashley River West on Cooper river and North 
on Hog Island creek.^^ QqI Parris by his will dated 6 February 
1735 devised this 224 acres with other property to his son John 
Parris who survived his father and by his Will dated 1 August 1736 
devised it with other property to his son John Alexander Parris 
with a provision, that in case of his son's death before 18 years of 
age the property should go to his nephew also named John Alex- 
ander Parris.^' The son did die before reaching eighteen and the 
nephew inherited and on 28 May 1746 sold the property to 
Joseph Shute.^* On 9 May 1747 Joseph Shute conveyed to John 
Mackenzie an undivided one half interest in the 224 acres,^^ and 
on 9 April 1763 one John Shute conveyed to George Murray an 
undivided one half interest in the same 224 acres stating that this 
one half interest had been conveyed to him on 20 May 1752 by 
William Wragg.^^ 

It was on a bank on the Southern extremity of this grant of 244 
acres that in 1797 was constructed the fortification named Fort 
Pinckney^^ and which later was locally called Castle Pinckney. 
In later years — sometime since 1890 — the brick walls and case- 
mates of the old fort were taken down and the site of the fort used 
as a depot by the Light House Department of the United States. 
To the writer it has been a matter of fruitless speculation as to why 
this marsh Island was called Shute's "Folly;" Of what "folly" in 

" Charleston Year Book for 1883, p. 481. 

^^Proprietory Grants, vol. 39, p. 110. 

" M. C. O. Charleston, Bk. C. C, p. 437. 

" Ibid. 

«Ibid.,Bk. F. F.,p. 191. 

i«Ibid., Bk.Z.Z.,p. 603. 

^^ Charleston Year Book for 1883, p. 481. 


the opinion of his contemporaries was Shute guilty in his use of this 
marsh tract of 224 acres? It is now a low expanse of tidal marsh 
land, the whole surface of which with the exception of the site of 
old Fort Pinckney is submerged at high tides. The marsh sedge 
growth alone showing above the water at high tides. The Western 
edge of this marsh island directly opposite the City has on it a hard 
front of sand and oyster shells locally called a "hard"-i.e. a place 
whereon vessels of no great size could be careened at low tide, and 
then have their sides and bottoms repaired, recalked, or scraped 
and painted as the occasion required. 

Joseph Shute was a quaker, the son of Thomas and Elizabeth 
Shute of Philadelphia and a person apparently of means in Charles 
Town South Carolina. He married in Charles Town in 1731 
Anna Arnott a daughter of Isabel Kimberly, and stepdaughter of 
her husband Thomas Kimberly.^^ Anna Arnott was a widow, and a 
daughter of Isabel Kimberly by a previous marriage to Christian 
Goll, mariner. Thomas Kimberly was likewise a quaker and on 17 
February 1731 conveyed to John Whitla, Joseph Shute and Tho' 
Fleming the lot of land in Charles Town containing 1 Rood 29 
perches commonly called the "Quaker Lott" granted to Kimberly 
3 March 1731 to be held by the grantees for the use of that sort of 
people commonly called Quakers.^ '■' 

This lot appears to be the lot on the East side of King Street a 
few doors South of Queen where the Quaker Meeting House for- 
merly stood and where two gravestones over former members of the 
congregation still remain. As interesting memoranda concerning 
Joseph Shute and the other Quakers of the time in Charles Town, 
there is appended below some extracts from the minutes of the 
Quaker Congregation in Charles Town. These minutes are still 
extant in the possession of the Quakers of Philadelphia. 

Touching the appellation of Shute's "Folly," it has been sug- 
gested by an assiduous inquirer in early South Carolina Records 
that the word ' 'folly" was sometimes used locally to denote a piece 
of low ground. If so, the writer can only say that he has never 
himself come across the word used in that connection. Dr. Mur- 
rays new English Dictionary mentions no such meaning, but it 
does say that it is ' 'a popular name for any costly structure con- 
is M. C. 0., Bk. I, p. 535. 
" Ibid., p. 663. 


sidered to have shown folly in the builder." There is a Folly 
Island, which is situate South of Morris Island between the main 
body of James Island and the sea. That however appears to be 
the corruption of the name "Follee" which seems from some early 
grants to have been the Indian name for that Island. 

Was the "folly" that of Joseph Shute or of John Shute? 

In the appended minutes of Joseph Shute's second marriage it is 
related that "tho' educated in the Profession of Truth, yet not 
' 'regarding the wholesome disciphne of his Friends was married to 
"y'' said Mary by a Priest." 

Was that his folly? and if so why was his marsh land made to 
bear the stigma? 

A Record of Jos. Shute and His Wives 


Whereas Jos. Shute of the City of Philadelphia Merchant Son of Thos. and 
Elizabeth Shute of the same place and Anna Arnott of Charlers-Town in S° 
Carolina Widdow Declared their Intentions of taking each other in Marriage at 
two select Meetings of the People called Quakers according to the good Order 
used among them whose proceedings therein after a deliberate Consideration 
there of were Allowed by the said Meetings, They both Appearing clear of all 
others and having consent of Parents and Relations concerned Now these are to 
Certifie whom it may concern that for the full accomplishing their said Inten- 
tions this Seventh Day Of the eighth month in the year 1731 the said Joseph 
Shute & Anna Arnott appeared at a publick Assembly of the sd People at their 
Meeting House in Charles-Town Aforesd He the sd Jos. Shutt taking the said 
Anna Arnott by the Hand did Openly declare as f oUoweth (viz) Friends : In the 
Fear of the Lord and in the presence of this Assembly whom I desire to be my 
mtnesses I take this my Friend Anna Arnott to be my wife promising with the 
Lords Assistance to be unto her a Loving and faithfull Husband til Death shall 
Separate us (Or words to that effect) And then and there in the sd Assembly the 
sd Anna Arnott did openly declare as followeth viz Frds In the Fear of the 
Lord and in the presence of this Assembly Whom I desire to be my witnesses, I 
take this my frd Jos. Shute to be my Husband promising with ye Lord's Assist- 
ance to be unto him a loving and faithful Wife til Death shall separate us (Or 
words to that Effect) And then and there in the sd Assembly the sd Jos. Shute 
& Atina, She according to the custom of marriage assiuning the name of her 
husband as a further confirmation thereof unto these Presents did set their 
hands And we whose names are underwritten being present among others at the 



Solemnization of sd Marriage & Subscription as witnesses thereunto have also 
to these presents subscribed our Names the Day & Year above written. 

Rich'' Wigg 
Christopher Hill 
Stephen Beauchamp 
Jno. Smith 
Thos. Beadon 
Mich. Higgins 

Jos. Shute 
Anna Shute 

Thos. Kimberly 
Isabell Kimberly 
Thos. Whitmarsh 

Thos. Elliott 

Thos. Fleming 

Jno. Witter 

Susanna Wiggington 

Mary Smith 

Jno. Daniel 

Mary Blamyer 

Mary Dandridge 

Martha Booth 

Mary Blamyer Jun. 

Andw. Deane 

Wm. Howell 

Sam^ Witter 

Jno. Blaymer 

Othn' Beale 

Thos. Cooper 

Robt Booth 

A Record of Joseph Shute and his wife being married on the twelth Day of the 

twelth Month One Thousand Seven Hundred & Fifty 

Joseph Shute married to Mary widdow of Stono 

The said Joseph tho' educated in the Profession of Truth, yet not regarding the 
wholesome discipline of his Friends was married to ye said Mary by a Priest. 

Anna Shute wife of Jos Shute Dyed the 26th Day of the 4 Month 1749 and was 
Entred the Next Day in the Friends bureing Ground Aged forty years and six 

Anna Goll daughter of Christian GoU mariner and Isabella his wife was bom on 
the 26th of ye 10th Mo. (called december) 1708. 

Thos Kimberly & Isabella Goll; took Each Other in Marriage, att the pub- 
lique Meeting house of the people Called Quakers, In Charlestown. [No date 



December 1743-November 1744 

By Mabel L. Webber 

The volume from which these abstracts are taken, is the property 
of the Charleston Library Society, and was presented in 1904 by the 
late Hon. William A. Courtnay. So far as we have been able to 
find, it is the only one in Charleston. The form of the bond is given 
with the first entry, after that only the names will be given, the 
printed form being omitted. Many of these marriages are 
recorded in Church registers and in the South Carolina Gazette. 


Know all Men by these Presents, That We William Ross and 
John Mackenzie of Charles Town in the Province aforesaid Mercht. 
are Held and firmly Bound into the hon^'®. WilHam Bull Esq. 
Lieutenant Governor and Commander in Chief, in and over this 
Province, in the full and just Sum of Two Thousand Pounds, Ster- 
ling Money, of Great-Britain, to be paid to the said Governor or to 
his Successors, Governors of this Province, To which Payment, well 
and truly to be made. We bind Ourselves, and either of Us, out, 
and either of our Heirs, Executors and Administertors, and either 
of them in the whole and for the whole, jointly and severally, 
firmly by these Presents: Sealed with our Seals, and dated the 
Ninth Day of December Anno Dom. 1743. 

The Condition of this Obligation is such. That whereas the 
Honble. William Bull Esq. Lieut. Governor hath this Day, under 
his Hand and Seal, Licenced the Reverend Mr. William Guy to 
join in the Holy State of Matrimony, the above-bounden William 
Ross and Ann Fuller Spinster Now if there be no lawful Cause to 
obstruct the said Marriage, and that the said William Ross and 
John Mackenzie or either of them, their or either of their Heirs 
Executors or Administrators, or any of them, do well and truly save 
harmless the said Lieut. Governor, and all other Persons whatso- 



ever, as well in Executing as Granting the said Licence, against all 
Persons whatsoever, then this Obligation to be Void, or else to be 
and remain in full Force and Virtue. 
Sealed and Delivered in the Presence of 


John Mackenzie. 

. . . John Barnard Of the Province of Georgia and John 
Johnson Merchant In Charles Town . . . bond to Lieut. Gov. 
William Bull . . . 10th. Dec. 1743; Licence to Rev. William 
Orr, to marry John Barnard and Jane Bradley Spinster. 

Signed by John Barnard and Jno. Johnson. 

. . . William Rose of St. Bartholomew and Samuel Hurst of 
Charles Town bond to Lieut. Gov., Bull 10th. Dec. 1743. 
Licence to Rev. Thomas Thompson to marry William Rose and 
Lucy Bellinger, widdow. 
Signed by William Rose and S. Hurst. 

. . . Israel Bourdeaux of St. Thomas Parish and John 
Triboudet of the Parish of St. Philips bond to Lieut. Gov. Bull. 
12th. Dec. 1743. 

Licence to Rev. Thomas Hasell to marry Israel Bourdeaux and 
Mary Rivers, Spinster. 
Signed by Israel Bourdeaux and John Triboudet. 

. . . Alexander Hext of Colleton County and Walter Dun- 
bar of Charles Town, bond to Lieut. Gov, William Bull, 13th 
Dec. 1743. 

License to Rev. Alex. Gordon to marry Alexander Hext and 
Jane Weaver, spinster. 
Signed by Alexander Hext and Walter Dunbar. 

. . . Daniel Horry of the Parish of St. James Santee and 
John Atchison Esq. bond to Gov. James Glen, dated 20th Dec. 

Licence to Rev. Thomas Hasell to marry Daniel Horry and Sarah 
Ford, spinster 
Signed by Daniel Horry and John Atchinson. 

. . . William Miles of the Parish of St. Bartholomews and 
William Miles Senr. of the Parish of St. Andrews both of the 
Province of South Carolina, bond to Gov. James Glen, dated 20th. 
of Dec. 1743. 


Licence to Rev. William Orr to marry William Miles Junr. and 
Elizabeth North spinster. 
Signed by William Miles. 

. . . Paul Jaudon and Thomas Boone both of the Parish of 
Prince Frederick, bond to Gov. James Glen, dated 21 Dec. 1743. 
Licence to the Rev, John Fordyce to marry Paul Jaudon and Mary 
Leibrey, spinster. 
Signed by Paul Jaudon and Thos. Boone Junr. 

. . . John St John and Thomas Jones both of the Parish of 
St Bartholomews in Colleton County, bond to Gov. James Glen 
dated 22 Dec. 1743. 

Licence to Rev. Thomas Thompson to marry John St John and 
Elizabeth Reid, spinster. 
Signed by John St John and Thos. Jones. 

. . . Timothy Beerd of the Beaufort Galley Marriner & 
Daniel Moloy Of CharlesTown, bond to Gov. James Glen 26 Dec. 

Licence to Rev. Lewis Jones to marry Timothy Beerd and Sarah 
Hodges spinster. Signed by Timothy Beerd and Daniel Moloy. 

. . . James Edes and Lewis Janvier both of the Parish of St 
Philips Charles Town bond to Gov. James Glen, 28th. Dec. 1743. 
Licence to Alexander Garden, Coms"^^. to marry James Edes and 
Penelope Delescure, widdow. 
Signed by James Edes and Lewis Janvier. 

. . . Jonathan Collins of the Parish of St Thomas and John 
Naylor of the same Parish, bond to Gov. James Glen, dated 3rd 
January, 1743/4. 

Licence to Rev. Thomas Hasell to marry Jonathan Collins and 
Mary Ann Simmons, spinster. 
Signed by Jonathan Collins and John Naylor. 

. . . James Marsh of Charles Town and John Thompson of 
the same plaice, bond to Gov. Glen, dated 10th. Jan. 1743/4. 
Licence to Rev. Mr. Alexander Garden, Coms''^. to marry James 
Marsh and Susannah Bisset, widdow. 
Signed by James Marsh and John Thompson. 

. . . Henry Warner of the Parish of Prince George and James 
LeSeine of the parish of St Thomas, bond to Gov. Glen, 13th. Jan. 

Licence to Rev. John Fordyce to marry Henry Warner and Jane 
Mitchell, widdow. 


Signed by Henry Warner and James Lessesne (sic.) 

. . . John Kingston and Joseph Tobias both of CharlesTown, 
bond to Gov. James Glen, 13 th. Jan. 1743/4. 

Licence to Rev. Alexander Garden, Corns'' to marry John Kingston 
and Ann Camren, spinster. 
Signed by John Kingston and Jos. tobias (sic.) 

. . . Samuel Lacey of CharlesTown and David Brown of the 
same place, bond to Gov, Glen, 14th Jan. 1743/4. 
Licence to Rev. Lewis Jones to marry Samuel Lacey and Hannah 
Hogg, spinster. 
Signed by Samuel Lacey and David Brown. 

. . . JohnSmithof S t Andrews Parish and Henry Wood of the 
same place, bond to Gov. Glen, 24th. Jan. 1743/4. 
Licence to Rev. William Guy to marry John Smith and Mary 
Deloney widdow. 
Signed by John Smith and Henry Wood. 

. . . John Gregory planter and William Inns both of St 
Pauls Parish, bond to Gov. Glen, 25th. Jan. 1743/4. 
Licence to Rev. John Quincey to marry John Gregory and Mary 
Signed by John Gregory and William Inns. 

. . . Richard Godfrey and William Bonneau both of St 
Andrews Parish, bond to Gov. Glen, 27th. Jan. 1743/4. 
Licence to Rev. William Guy to marry Richard Godfrey and 
Rebeccah Guy, spinster. 
Signed by Rich"*. Godfrey and Wm. Bonneau. 

. . . Francis Gottier and Gabriel Guignard both of Charles 
Town, bond to Gov. Glenn, 4th February, 1743/4. 
Licence to Rev. Alex. Garden Comsy. to marry Francis Gottier 
and Isabell Gordon [widdow erased] 
Signed by Francis Gottier and Gabriel Guingnard. 

. . . William Harvey of St Helena Parish and Jemmet 
Cobley in CharlesTown merchant, bond to Gov. Glen 6th Feb. 

Licence to Rev. Lewis Jones to marry William Harvey and Eliza- 
beth Mikell widdow. 
Signed by Wm. Harvey and Jemt. Cobley. 

. . . William Gibbes and Robert Gibbes, both of the Provine 
of South Carolina, bond to Gov. Glen, 7th Feb. 1743/4. 


Licence to Rev. Levi Durand to marry William Gibbes and Mary 

Bennison, spinster. 

Signed by William Gibbes and Robert Gibbes. 

. . . Phillip Pinyard and Andrew Ruck both of Charles Town, 
bond to Gov. Glen, 8th Feb. 1743/4. 

Licence to Rev. Alex. Garden, Com''s^ to marry Phillip Pinyard and 
Anna Miller, spinster. 
Signed by Phillip Pinyard and Andrew Ruck. 

. . . Francis Rose of St Andrews of Berkley County and 
John Champneys of Charles Town, bond to Gov. Glenn 23rd. Feb. 

Licence to Rev. William Guy to marry Francis Rose and Mary Ann 
Elliott, spinster. 
Signed to Francis Rose, Jno. Champneys and Thos. Butler, Jun. 

John Pyatt of Craven County the Parish of Prince Frederick and 
John Laurens of Charles Town bond to Gov. Glenn 23rd Feb. 

Licence to Rev. John Fordice to marry John Pyatt and Hannah La 
Fruce, spinster. 
Signed by John Pyatt and John Laurens. 

. . . James Dods of Edisto Island in Colleton County and 
Mark Guttry of Charles Town, bond to Gov. Glenn 23rd Feb. 

Licence to Rev. John Quincey to marry James Dods and Eliza- 
beth Miller widdow. 
Signed by James Dods and Mark Guthry. 

. . . Nicholas Miller of Johns Island in Colleton County and 
Daniel Fayssoux of Charles Town, bond to Gov. Glen, 27th Feb. 

Licence to Rev. Alexander Garden, to marry Nicholas Miller and 
Elenor Herox, spinster. 
Signed Niholaus MuUer (sic) and Daniel fayssoux. 

. . . James Goelett Mariner and Edward Cook of Charles 
Town, Brickmaker, bond to Gov. Glen 27th ffebruary 1743/4. 
Licence to Rev. Alexander Garden to marry James Goelett and 
Mary Handcock spinster. 
Signed by James Goelett and Edward Cook his mark. 

. . . James Marion of st James Goose Creek and Gabriel 
Guignard of Charles Town bond to Gov. Glen 3rd March, 1743/4. 


Licence to Rev, Timothy Mellichampe to marry James Marion and 

Rebecca Shingleton spinster. 

Signed by James Marion and Gabriel Guignard. 

. . . John Sanders of the parish of St Thomas and Joseph 
Sanders of the same place bond to Gov. Glen, 6th .March, 1743/4. 
Licence to Rev. Levi Durand to marry John Sanders and Mary 
Oliver spinster. 
Signed by John Sanders and Joseph Sanders. 

. . . Daniel Heyward of Granville County and John Beswick 
merchant of Charles Town bond to Gov. Glen, 7th March 1743/4. 
Licence to Rev. William Guy to marry Daniel Heyward and Mary 
Miles Spinster, 
Signed by Dan'. Heyward and John Beswicke. 

{To he continued) 


(August 1778-May 1780) 

{Continued from October, 1917) 

Head Quarters Charles Town. 
March 11th. 1780. 

E.G. for tomorrow Genl. LilHngton. 
F.O. Lt. Colo. Lowry. 

B.M. Major Lewis 

An Orderly Serjt. from Genl. Lillington's Brigade to attend at 
Colo. Laumoy's Quarters. 

No Person whatsoever except those employed on the Works are 
to be suffered to walk on the parapet. 
The Troops to be on fatigue tomorrow as to Day. 
The Troops will be on their Alarm Posts at 5 o'Clock every 
Morning where they will remain till 6 — Both Officers and Men will 
be punctual in the Observation of this Order — on it may depend 
the preservation of the Town. — they will be on their Alarm Posts at 
the South Side of the Town till further Orders, unless the Signal for 
Alarm be given from the Horn Work. 
12th. Parole. C.S. 

B.G. for tomorrow Genl. Hogan. 
F.O. Lt. Colo. Matthews. 

B.M. Major Jackson. 

G.O. The Troops are to be paraded for fatigue every Morning 
at Guard mounting at the Exchange till further Orders except 
Genl. Lillington's Brigade which will be paraded & employed in 
the front of their own Encampment. 

Brig"". Genl. M'Intosh will take Command of the Brigade of So. 

B.O. The Guns taken to the Batteries SO. & West of the Town 
to be put in the best Order — such of them as require scaHng to be 
blown off with a small quantity of powder between the hours of 9 
in the Morning and four in the afternoon. 

Lt. Colo. Grimke will order a Return of the Guns at which his 
Corps is posted So. West of the Town and of the Ammunition for 
the Ordnance & Artillery in his Department. 



Major Grimball will order a similar Return for the So. of the 
Town where his Battn. is posted by ten oClock tomorrow Morning 
to the Commanding Officer. 

B.E.O. Ammunition & Stores for the Ordinance on the Bat- 
teries and Lines North of the Town to be immediately taken down 
& lodged in the Magazines at the different Posts, 

R.O. The Major is appointed to the Command of the Six Gun 
Battery on the right of Cummin's point — He will take Care to have 
it in the best of Order possible, seeing it is supplied with the Articles 
enumerated in the Brigade of Order of the 10th. Instant. 
13th. Parole. C.S. 

B.G. for tomorrow Genl. Lillington. 

F.O. Lieut. Colo. Hinton. 

B.M. Major Dunbibin. 

A fatigue of 80 Men from Genl. Hogan's Brigade and 70 Men 
from Colo. Parker's Brigade are to be paraded properly Officered 
at Genl. Lillington's Encampment at 6 oClock tomorrow Morning 
& to be relieved by the same number from the same Brigades at 
14th. Parole. C.S. 

B.G. for tomorrow Genl. Mcintosh. 

F.O. Colo. Mahnedy. 

B.M. Major Moultrie. 

For fatigue tomorrow to be paraded at the Battery on Cummin's 
point at 6 oClock in the Morning properly Officered 78 Men from 
Genl. Hogan's — 67 from Colo. Parker's 119 from Genl. Lillington's 
& 36 from General Macintosh's Brigades to be relieved at one 
oClock-all the Tools in the hands of the different Brigades are this 
Evening to be lodged at the Battery on Cummin's Point — No 
other fatigue to be paraded unless by after Orders. 

The Officers at different Guards are desired to make out two 
Reports of their Guards — One to be sent at Troop beating to the 
Grand parade — the other to be delivered to the relieving Officer. 
15th. Parole. C.S. 

B.G. for tomorrow Genl. Hogan. 

F.O. Colo. Shepheard. 

B.M. Major Baddely. 

No Officer will be reed, on the Grand parade unless he has Side 
Arms, a Fusil or Espontoon. 


The fatigue to be paraded tomorrow Morning at 6 oClock & to be 
relieved at one in the same manner as to day. 

R.O. The Pay Master will be at home every Morning between 
the Hours of 6 & 7. to deliver to the Men such Articles as he has on 

The Surgeon will make a Weekly return of the Sick. The Court 
Martial is disolved — Their Sentence is approved of But the Prison- 
ers having suffered a long confinement the Punishment is omitted. 
16th. Parole. C.S. 

B.C. Genl. Lillington 1 ^ 

T- /^, /^ 1 T ..1 o T»,r • TT > for tomorrow 

F.O's Colo. Lyttle & Major Hogg J 

The Light Infantry of Genl. Hogan's Brigade will be in readiness 
to march tomorrow Morning at Guard Mounting. 

The Commissary will order 8 days Rations for 30 Men to be sent 
immediately to the post at Ashley Ferry — That Command will be 
relieved tomorrow Morning. 

B.O. The Detachment of Chas. Town Artillery on Command 
with Colo. Clark to be relieved tomorrow from the So. Carolina 
Contl. Artillery — They are to be paraded at Troop beatin with one 
Days provisions cooked. 
17th. Parole. C.S. 

B.G. Genl. Mcintosh] 
F.O's Colo. Hampton )■ for tomorrow 
Major Lowe. J 

The Guard at the Magazine is to be immediately reinforced with 
one Serjt. 1 Corpl. & 15 privates. 

To be paraded this Afternoon for piquets at 5 oClock One Sub. 1. 
Serjt 1. Corpl. & 15 privates. 

The Weekly Returns are requested this Afternoon. 

R.O. The Guard to be augmented to 12 R.& F, & another Gentry 
posted at the Magazine Door of the Little Battery on Cummins 
Point — The Centinels are to be relieved every Hour whom the 
Officer of the Day will visit every half Hour after the relief — In Case 
of Action Capt. Templeton's Company & the Surgeon will repair 
to the Great Battery & his Matr with the Invalids to the Little 
Battery on Cummin's Point. 

No Office is to promate any Man with it previously abtaining 
the Approbation of the Comg. Officer of the Regt. 
18th. Parole. C.S. 


B.G. Genl. Hogan ] 

F.O. Colo, de Bretagne [ for tomorrow 
Major Nelson J 
The Guards to be supplied with a Gill of Rum per Man immedi- 
ately — the Return to be signed by the Ofl&cer Comg. the Guard if 
Commissd. if not by the F.O. of the Day. 

Lost or stolen out Colo. Heth's Holster yesterday forenoon a neat 
Iron Screw Barrel Pistol^-the Lock & Barrel in one piece — Thirty 
Dollars will be given to any Person who will deliver it to Colo. 
Heth & no Questions asked. The Brigade Majors are requested to 
have this Order published two or three days successively. 
R.O. A Court Martial to sit immediately for trial of all prisoners. 
19th. Parole. C.S. 

B.G. Genl. Lillington ] 
F.O. Lt. Colo. Marion \- for tomorrow. 
Major Lewis J 
Whereas an Act of Genl. Assembly of South Carolina passed the 
11th. Sept. last for the purpose of filling up the Contl. Batts. of this 
State has expired — His Excellency the Governor and Privy Council 
have thought proper to extend the Operation of the said Act two 
Months from this day — Therefore every able bodied Man who shall 
voluntarily inlist in either of the Contl. Batts; of this State for the 
Term of 21 Months, shall at the time of his Enlistment receive a 
Bounty of 500 Dollars and an Indent for a further Bounty of 2000 
Dollars payable at the End of their faithful Service. The Indent 
to carry 10 per ct. interest & that payable half yearly they shall 
also be entitled to 100 Acres of Land & every other Advantage of 
pay Clothing & Rations as axpressed in the said Act. 

For Command to be paraded at Head Quarters at four oClock 
this Afternoon 1. Serjt. & 14 Rank and file from the two Contl. 
20th. Parole. C.S. 

B.G. Genl. Mcintosh 

F.O. Lt. Colo. Henderson and Major Harleston, for to- 
The whole Garrison to turn out on fatigue this Afternoon, they 
will parade at the Horn Work. 
21st. Parole. C.S. 

B.G. Genl. Hogan 

F.O's. Lt. Colo. Mebane and Major Moultrie. For to- 

(To be continued) 


Compiled by Mabel L. Webber 

{Continued from the January number) 

Died.] In Kingston, Jamaica, Mrs. Abigal Treville. — (Saturday, 
July 31, 1784.) 

Last Thursday evening Capt. Simeon Theus was married to Miss 
Rebecca Legare, eldest daughter of Mr. Daniel Legare, Jun. of this 
city.— (Ibid.) 

On the 27th of June last departed this life, in the harbour of 
Newport, where he went for the recovery of his health, John Stock, 
Esq; of St. Bartholomew's Parish, a young Gentleman whose amiable 
disposition rendered him esteemed by all who knew him, and by 
whom his loss is sincerely regretted. — (Wednesday, August 4, 1784.) 

Yesterday morning died, after a long illness, in an advanced age, 
Mr. John Wish, of this City— (Ibid.) 

A few days ago died at Monck's Comer, in St. John's Parish, Dr. 
Robert Stephens — (Ibid.) 

Thursday morning died, Mr. William Kirkcaldy, a young 
gentleman lately arrived from Europe. (Wednesday, August 7, 

Thursday morning last Mr. James Gordon was married to Miss 
Martha Wells, daughter of the deceased Mr. WilHam Wells, of St. 
Thomas's Parish. (Ibid.) 

Married.] In this City, Mr. Daniel Russell Carpenter, to Miss 
Sarah— ^Susannah Cross. — In St. John's Parish, Mr. John Burkhard, 
late of Philadelphia, to Miss Catherine Will, daughter of Mr. 
Philip Will- (Wednesday, August 11, 1784.) 

Died.] On Monday last, after a short illness, Mr. George 
Thomson, of this City, and yesterday evening his remains were 
decently interred in the Scotch Presbyterian Church-yard, attended 
by a number of respectable inhabitants — (Ibid.) 

Last Thursday evening James Nelson, Esq; one of the Wardens 
of this city, was married to the amiable Miss Betsey Villepontoux, 
daughter of Benjamin Villepontoux, Esq. — (Saturday August 14, 



Thursday last died, after a short illness Mr. Fergus Snaady, of 
North Carolina. (Ibid.) 

Yesterday morning died, after a long illness, Mr. Francis Cottier, 
Silversmith — a very worthy inhabitant of this city. — (Wednesday, 
August 18, 1784.) 

On the 22d of last month died at New- York, Capt. James Mc- 
Pherson, late of the Pennsylvania line, of an amiable character, 
and greatly esteemed by all who knew him. — (Ibid.) 

On Sunday morning died, between eighteen and nineteen years 
of age, Mrs. Mary Pringle, the wife of Robert Pringle, Esq; 
. . . . [Long Eulogy.] — Ibid. 

Married.] Mr. John Log^n, to Miss Rachel Perry, daughter 
of the deceased Josiah Perry, Esq.^ — (Saturday, August 21, 1784.) 

Died.] A few days ago, the Rev. Mr. John Lewis, Rector of St. 
Paul's Parish, Stono. — At the commencement of the late contest 
with Britain, he took part in favour of America, and after the sur- 
render of this capital to the British, he was taken up and sent to 
St. Augustine, and from thence to Philadelphia, during which time 
he was always unalterable in his conduct. — He was a good preacher, 
charitable to the poor, a good companion, sincere friend, kind indul- 
gent master, and real good man in every station of life — His death 
is greatly lamented by all, who had the pleasure of his acquaintance. 
— Yesterday at John's Island, in the 76th year of her age, Mrs. 
Elizabeth Stanyarne, a native of this State, and relict of the late 
Joseph Stanyarne, Esq. — This morning, after a long confinement, 
in an advanced age, Mr. Felix Lon. — The same day, Mr. Arthur 
Downes, Watchmaker — both of this City. — (Sat. Aug. 21, 1784.) 

Sunday morning died Capt. Richard Mason, of this city. — His 
remains were on Monday evening interred in St. Philip's Church 
yard, attended by the Cincinnati Society of which he was a mem- 
ber, and several other inhabitants. — (Wednesday, August 25, 1784) 

Died.] On the 19th inst, at Indian Land, in the 24th year of his 
age, Mr. John M'Neill, much regretted by all who knew him. — Last 
week, in this City, James Watson, Esq ; and Mr. James Creighton, 
both from Jamaica. — On Thursday last, after a lingering illness. 
Miss Hannah Sneeling, eldest daughter of the deceased Mr. John 
Sneeling of this city. — (Saturday, August 28, 1784) 

* An error, corrected August 28. 


The marriage of Mr. Logan to Miss Perry as mentioned in 
Saturday's Gazette, is premature. — (Ibid.) 

Died.] On Sunday evening last, Mrs. Sarah Coachman, widow 
of the deceased Benjamin Coachman Esq. — Yesterday afternoon, 
Master Savage, eldest son of Dr. Richard Savage of this City. — 
(Wednesday, Sept. 1, 1784.) 

Thursday last died Mrs. Martha Hayes daughter of the deceased 
Mr. Edward Oats, of this City. — (Saturday, Sept. 4, 1784.) 

On Thursday last v/as married in Prince George's Parish, 
Thomas Dunbar, Esq; of this City, Captain in the second South- 
CaroHna regiment, to Miss Mary Withers, second daughter of the 
deceased Francis Withers esq; of Georgetown. — (Wednesday, 
Sept. 8, 1784.) 

Sunday evening Mr. Benjamin Duke, Carpenter, was married 
to Mrs. Rachel Higgins, of this City. — (Wednesday, Sept. 8, 

Last week died in Christ Church Parish, Mr. Andrew Hibben; 
and in this city last Saturday, Mr. John North, Taylor. — (Ibid.) 

Died.] Within a day of each other, of the sore throat, two prom- 
ising sons of Dr. Richard Savage, of this City. — This forenoon, 
Mrs. Ruth Mitchell, wife of Mr. William Mitchell, whose son died 
last Thursday. — (Saturday, Sept. 11, 1784.) 

Sunday morning died, in the 67th year of her age, Mrs. Mary 
Lee, of this City, rehct of the deceased Mr. William Lee. — (Wed- 
nesday, Sept. 15, 1784) 

Monday last died Capt. John Young, of the Snow Two Sisters. 
(Wednesday, Sept. 15, 1784.c 

Tuesday last died Miss Mary Coyles, and on the Thursday fol- 
lowing. Captain George Coyles, her father, after only one day's 
illness. — (Saturday, Sept. 18, 1784.) 

Sunday evening died Mr. Joseph Turpin, eldest son of the de- 
ceased Capt. Joseph Turpin, late of this City. — (Wednesday, 
Sept. 22, 1784.) 

This morning died aged about 9 years, of the sore throat, which 
at present prevails much in this City, a son of Andreas E. Van 
Braam Houckgeest, Esq. — (Ibid.) 

This morning also died Capt. Amos Judson, of Mudas Landing, 
on Connecticut-river. — (Ibid.) 

Married.] Mr. Alexander M'Nilage, of Christ Church Parish, 


to Miss Margaret Field, eldest daughter of Mr. John Field, of this 
City. — (Saturday, September 25, 1784.) 

Died.] Mrs. Sophia Nisba M'Cord, at M'Cord's Ferry, on the 
Congaree. — In this City, of the sore-throat, a son of Capt. Wil- 
liam Phillips, aged about 8 years — Mr. James Stinson, Printer. — 

Last Friday night died, after a tedious illness, much regretted 
by all who knew him, Mr. Andrew Miller, of this City, Merchant — 
a worthy, honest man. — (Wednesday, Sept. 29, 1784.) 

On Sunday the 26th instant died, after a long and tedious illness 
. . . the Reverend Mr. Charles Frederick Moreau, formerly 
Rector of the Parish of St. Michael; and at the time of his death, 
Assistant to the Rector of St. Philip's Church. ... — 

Early on Monday morning last died, after only two days illness, 
to the great grief of her disconsolate parents, Miss Rebecca Wey- 
man, youngest daughter of Edward Weyman, Esq; of this City. 

Died.] In this City, Mrs. Timrod, wife of Mr. Henry Timrod, 
Taylor. — Of a consumption, Mr. Daniel Trezevant. — In George- 
town, Mrs. Mary Vivian, widow of the deceased Mr. John Vivian 
of that place. — (Saturday, Oct. 2, 1784.) 

Married.] Last Sunday evening, in this City John Farr, Esq; of 
St. Paul's Parish, to Miss Margaret Hartley, daughter of the 
deceased Thomas Hartley Esq; — (Wednesday, Oct. 6, 1784.) 

Died] Saturday last, Master John Hahnbaum, son of Dr. 
George Hahnbaum, of this City. — Mr. Boyles, Taylor. — Monday 
night suddenly, Mr. John White, Blacksmith. (Ibid.) 

Last Thursday evening was married in this City, Mr. Peter 
Sinkler, of St. Stephen's Parish, to Miss Polly Walter, daughter 
of Mr. Richard Walter, Merchant, deceased. — (Saturday, October 
9, 1784.) 

Last evening, John Facherand Grimke, Esq; of this City, was 
married to the amiable Miss Mary Smith, daughter of Thomas 
Smith, Esq; of Broad Street. — (Wednesday Oct. 13, 1784.) 

Sunday last died, in the bloom of life, Mrs. Margaret Loveday, 
wife of Mr. John Loveday of this City. — She was highly valued by 
a numerous acquaintance through life, and now sincerely lamented. 
—Her remains were decently interred on Monday evening in St. 


Philip's Church-yard, attended by a great number of inhabitants. 

The same day died a son, and this morning, a daughter, of 
Andreas Ernest Van Braam Houckgeest, Esq; of this City. — 

Thursday evening Mr. Peter Boilliot was married to Miss 
Elizabeth-Jane Dupont, daughter of the deceased Mr. John 
Dupont,— (Sat. Oct. 16, 1784.) 

Last Tuesday evening, died of the sore-throat. Master Palmer, 
son of Mr. Job Pahner, of this City. — (Ibid.) 

This morning died, after a lingering indisposition, Mr. John 
Sansum, of this City. (Ibid.) 

About three weeks past died at Wilmington, in North-Carolina, 
Mr. John Banks, late of this City, Merchant. — (Ibid.) 

Monday last died at Edisto, Dr. John Powell, of that place. — 
(Wednesday, Oct. 20, 1784.) 

Last night died, of only two days illness. Master Robert Phillipps, 
eldest son of Capt. William Phillips, of this city. — (Ibid.) 

Thursday evening died another daughter of Andreas Ernest 
Van Braam Houckgeest, Esq; of this City. — This is the fourth 
Child that unfortunate Gentleman has buried within a month 
past.2— (Sat. Oct. 23, 1784.) 

*Andr6 Everard van-Bramm Houckgeest, bom in 1739, in the Province of 
Utrecht, Holland ; served in the Dutch navy with two of his brothers, who both 
became Admirals; he left the navy in 1758, going to China, as Supercargo of the 
Dutch East-India Company. He lived at Macao and Canton till 1773, return- 
ing to Europe for two short voyages. He returned to Holland and settled in 
Guelderland, remaining there till 1783; in sympathy with the American struggle 
for liberty, he came to this Country in 1783, arriving in Charleston, S. C, 
Monday September 15th, 1783, with his wife and eight children; he had previ- 
ously been appointed Consul to this State. He had married Catharina Cornelia 
Gurtrued van Reede van d'Oudtshoom, daughter of Baron van Reede van 
d'Oudtshoorn, she was born at the Cape of Good Hope, died in 1800. Van 
Braam Hougheest became a merchant and rice planter, had a place of business 
on East Bay near Elliott St.; there are several deeds of property transfer to 
and from him; he seems to have owned for a time the Stuart house at the 
comer of Tradd and Orange, for he mortgages the same to Alexander Gillon in 
Dec. 1783. (M. C. O., N5, p. 53) He said is to have owned a plantation on 
Cooper River and to have introduced some new methods of rice culture and 
pounding; there is no property transfer to him of a plantation, but the "Let- 
ters of Henry Laurens" (In S. C. Hist. Soc.) show a letter to van Braam Hou- 
gheest concerning a plantation on Cooper River, which he was making inquiries 


Last night died Mrs. Catherine Ellis, wife of Mr. Richard Ellis, 
at the Quarter-house.— (Ibid.) 

Last Sunday John Leacraft, Esq; Sheriff of Beaufort-District, 
was married at Beaufort to the amiable Miss Elizabeth Black, 
eldest daughter of the late Mr. James Black, of that place. — 
Wednesday, Oct. 27, 1784.) 

Yesterday died, after a long illness, Mr. Arthur Stafford, of this 
City.— (Ibid.) 

Friday sennight died, at James Island, after a long illness, Mr. 
John Hyrne, of that place. (Wed. — Nov. 3, 1784.) 

Saturday evening last, died, at Dorchester, Stephen Cater, 
Esq; of this town. — (Ibid.) 

Sunday morning last died in this City, Mr. David Dott, late of 
St. Augustine. (Ibid.) 

On Monday morning died. Miss Elizabeth Izard, daughter of 
Ralph Izard, Esq; of this City. — (Ibid.) 

Last Thursday evening Charles Lining Esq; Ordinary for 
Charleston District, was married to Mrs. Mary Rose, widow of the 
deceased Thomas Rose, Esq; and daughter of Edward Blake, 
Esq; Treasurer. — Saturday Nov. 6, 1784.) 

The same evening died, in the bloom of life, after four days ill- 
ness, much regretted by all who had the pleasure of being acquainted 
with him, Mr. John Kneeshaw, Merchant of this City. — (Ibid.) 

Lately married at Newport, Rhode Island, Mr. Stephen Mazyck, 

about. Van Braam became a citizen of this country in March or April 1784 
(Hist. Commission, Columbia). As seen above, he lost both of his sons and two 
of his daughters of diphtheria in about a month; his eldest daughter married 
Richard Brooke Roberts (this Afagazx«e, vol. 16, p. 125). He had a number of 
business reverses here, and some time between 1788 and 1790, he went back to 
the Dutch East India Company as Chief of their Factory at Canton. In 1794 
he was appointed Second in the Embassy sent by the Dutch E. I. Co. to the 
Emperor of China; an account of this Embassy was taken from his Journals, 
translated by M. L. E. Moreau de Saint-Mery, and published in London, 1798, 
dedicated to George Washington (Copy in the Chas. Libry. Soc, 2 vol. il. 
maps) . He returned to America in April, 1 796, bringing with him a large col- 
lection of Chinese drawings and other objects, which he allowed to be exhibited 
in Philadelphia for several months. He settled near Bristol, Pa., where he built 
a place which he called ' 'Chinese Retreat." His collection of Chinese curiosities 
was given to the French Republic. He returned to Europe after 1800, and died 
tberCo (Mss. family data from Thornton Delano Roberts, Esq.; Van Braam's 
Embaszji Charleston News Papers, and other records, compiled by the Editor.) 


of this City to Miss Nancy Easton, daughter of Mr. Walter Easton, 
of that City — an amiable young lady — (Ibid.) 

Friday se'nnight died at Savannah, Capt. Clement Conyers, 
jun. of Bermuda. (Wednesday, Nov. 10, 1784) 

Saturday last died at John's Island, after a few days illness, 
Colonel William Massey, a gentleman universally beloved and 
lamented — (Ibid) 

A few days ago was married at the seat of Gen. Huger, on the 
Congaree river Jehu Wilson, Esq; to Miss Sarah Chalmers, daugh- 
ter of the deceased Dr. Lionel Chalmers, of this City. — (Saturday, 
November 13, 1784) 

Last Wednesday evening departed this life, after a severe illness 
which she bore with examplary patience and resignation, Mrs. 
Elizabeth Middleton, relict of Thomas Middleton, Esq; of Crow- 
field, and youngest daughter of the deceased David Deas Esq; of 
this City. — . . . not quite 30 years of age. . . Her re- 
mains were decently interred yesterday forenoon in St. Philip's 
Church yard, . . . — (Ibid.) 

Friday last died at Savannah, in Georgia, the Rev. Mr, AUyn 
Mather, who lately arrived there from Connecticut. — (Wednesday, 
November 17, 1784.) 

Sunday evening died in fits, Mr. Henry Dickinson of Bermuda, 
aged 21 years — (Ibid.) 

Sunday last died, after a very short illness, much regretted by 
his family and friends, John Middleton, Esq; late an officer in Col. 
Lee's Partizan Legion. — (Wednesday — Nov. 17, 1784.) 

The same day, in this city, Mrs. Hannah Splatt, aged 77 years, 
relict of the deceased Mr. John Splatt, formerly of Pon Pon 

The same day Mr. Thomas Dawson, son of the Rev. Mr. Wil- 
liam Dawson, deceased. — (Ibid.) 

Monday died, aged 28 years, Mr. John Barnshaw, of the Island 
of Jamaica. — (Ibid.) 

Last night Colonel John Baddeley, of this City, was married to 
Miss Ann Golden, daughter of the deceased Mr. Golden of North 
Carolina. — (Ibid .) 

Last Tuesday was married at Ashepoo, John Bay, Esq; of this 
City, to Miss Sarah Miles, daughter of the deceased John Miles, 
Esq;— (Saturday November 20, 1784.) 

Last Monday died in this City, after a lingering indisposition. 


much regretted by a numerous acquaintance, Mr. Thomas Mitchell, 
of Georgetown, in this State. — (Ibid.) 

Last Thursday died at Wadmelaw, in an advanced age, Daniel 
Townsend, Esq; of that place. (Ibid.) 

Yesterday morning died Mrs. Mary Samways, relict of the 
deceased Mr. Henry Samways, of James Island. — (Ibid.) 

Thursday last was married at Goose creek, Mr. William Scott, 
of this City, to Miss Frances Daniel, only child of the deceased 
Adam Daniel, Esq. — (Wednesday, Nov. 24, 1784). 

On the 11th of last month died at Bermuda, where she went for 
the recovery of her health, Miss Elizabeth Cordes, daughter of 
Samuel Cordes, Esq; of St. John's Parish. (Ibid.) 

Sunday last died, after a lingering illness, which he bore with 
patience and fortitude, James Vanderhorst, Esq; a Member of the 
Legislature of this State. (Ibid). 

Monday night died Mr. John Harriot, of this City, Wine Cooper. 

Last Sunday evening was married in St. Stephen's Parish, Santee 
Thomas Cordes, Esq; a Member of the House of Representatives, 
to Miss Charlotte Evance, daughter of the deceased Thomas 
Evance Esq; of this City.— (Saturday, Nov. 27, 1784) 

Tuesday evening was married in this City, Mr. Cotton-Mather 
Stevens, to Miss Elizabeth Brett. (Ibid). 

Last Thursday evening Joseph Brown, Esq; of Georgetown, was 
married to Miss Harriot Lowndes, daughter of the Hon. Rawlins 
Lowndes, Esq; of this City. (Ibid.) 

Last week died in this City, Mrs. Margaret Dupont, wife of 
Gideon F. Dupont of St. James's Parish. — (Wednesday, Dec, 1, 

Monday last died Capt. Thomas Tucker, of this City, formerly 
one of the pilots of our bar, and a respectable citizen. — (Ibid.) 

Last Wednesday died in this City, Mr. John Crane, late of the 
Orphan House in Georgia, who was truly pious in life, and happy in 
death. — Mark the perfect man, and behold the upright, for the end 
of that man is peace.— (Saturday, Dec. 4, 1784.) 

Thursday evening Mr. Cornelius Dur Pre was married to Mrs. 
Mary Hartley, widow of the deceased Mr. John Newton Hartley, 
of this City. (Ibid.) 

Last Sunday evening Dr. Henry ColHns Flagg, of this city, 
was married to Mrs. Rachel AUston, widow of the deceased Wil- 


liam Allston, Esq, of Waccamaw, and daughter of John Moore, 
Esq; of St Thomas's Parish. (Wednesday, December 8, 1784) 

Lately, and in St. James's Parish, Santic, Mr. Thomas Boone, 
in an advanced age. (Ibid.) 

Last Tuesday evening Capt. James Kennedy was married to Miss 
Margaret Chalmers,' the youngest daughter of the deceased Dr. 
Lionel Chalmers, of this City. — (Saturday, December 11, 1784.) 

Last Thursday was married at Edisto, Mr. Benjamin Seabrook, 
of that place, to Miss Margaret Meggett, daughter of Mr. William 
Meggett.— (Ibid.) 

Died.] Last week in St. Stephen's Parish, much regretted, John 
Drake, Esq; — also Captain Stephen Guerry, late of the Continental 
line, and son of Mr. James Guerry. — On Edisto Island, Mrs. Mary 
Jenkins, wife of Mr. Micah Jenkins — At the same place, Mr. John 
Theus. — This afternoon, in this City, after only two days illness, 
much regretted by all who knew her. Miss Elizabeth Owens, aunt 
to the lady of the Hon. Isaac Holmes, Esq. (Ibid.) 

Thursday the 2d instant was married at Georgetown, Capt. 
Albert Roux, to Mrs. Elizabeth Trapier, widow of the deceased 
Paul Trapier, Esq; — also Dr. Rees, to Miss Elizabeth Bromley of 
the same place. (Wednesday, Dec. 15, 1784.) 

Last Monday morning departed this life, in the 67th year of her 
age, Mrs. Martha M'Call, the amiable consort of John M'Call, sen. 
Esq; of this City, with whom he had happily lived near 47 years. 
. . . Asachristian, she was respected, as a friend beloved, — and 
as a tender, affectionate parent, by a long train of descendants, her 
death is justly lamented. — (Ibid.) 

Yesterday morning died in the bloom of life, after a very short 
illness, the truly pious Mrs. Frances Ramsay, the amiable consort 
of Dr. David Ramsay, of this City. . . . — (Ibid.) 

Capt. James Kennedy was married to Miss Ann, not Miss Mar- 
garet Chalmers, as mentioned in our last through mistake. (Ibid). 

Last Thursday evening Mr. John Walker of this City, Merchant, 
was married to the amiable Miss Mary Ann W^illiamson, daughter 
of Andrew Williamson, Esq. (Saturday, Dec. 18, 1784.) 

Wednesday last died, after a lingering illness, Dr. James Hunter, 
son of the late Mr. James Hunter of this City. (Ibid.) 

Yesterday died, in an advanced age, Mrs. Ann Davis, of Christ 
Church Parish. (Ibid.) 

' Corrected to Ann Chalmers in the next issue. 

{To he continued) 


Copied by Mabel L. Webber 
{Continued from January number) 


Robert the son of John & Elizabeth Gibbens was born February 

4th. A. D. 1740. 
James, the son of Robert & Ehzabeth Dorrill was born May 28th, 

John son of George & Catherine Page was born the 4 day of April 

of Thomas Jones and Mary his wife was 

born the 21 day of May 1741 and Baptized July 12th P'. Revd 

Levi Durand 
Samuel the son of Samuel BuUick and Eliz*. his wife was born the 

4 day of May 1741 and bapt^ June 26th P^ Rev^ Levi Durand 
Sarah daughter of William Hartman and his wife was 

born 30th day of July 1741, and baptized Sep^ 1st per Rev^. 

Levi Durand 
Stephen son of John Metheringham and Mary his wife was born 

the 6 day of April 1742 and baptized June the 5 P'. Revd. Levi 

Ann the Daughter of Joseph Hatches & his wife was baptized the 

27th June 1742 
Miles the son of Major William Pinckney & Ruth his wife was born 

the 29th July 1741 & baptized the 21 August 1741. 
Elizabeth the daughter of Morend & his wife 

was baptized y* 1st 9*^" 1741 
Elizabeth the Daughter of Lionel & Martha Chalmers his wife was 

baptized y^ 4th 9^" 1741 
Susannah y^ Daughter of was baptized y* 29th 9 " 

Amelia y® Daughter of M". Southerland's Oversear was baptized 

y« 13th Decb^ 1741 
Elizabeth y* Daughter of Varnod & his wife was baptized the 13th 

of June 1742 P^ the Rev*^. Levi Durand. 



John son of Robert [Darrill?] and Elizabeth his wife was bap- 
tized 1742 

John the son of Gibbons [torn]. 

Ann, the Daughter of [Joseph Hatcher] and Mary Ann his wife 

was the 27 th of June 1742 

John George, the Son of Cap*. Edward Croft & Susannah his wife 

was baptized the 6th of July 1741. 
Joseph the Son of Cap*. Samuel Wigfall & Katherine his wife was 

baptized y^ 16th of September Anno Domini 1742 
James, the Son of James White & Sarah his wife was born the 16th 

of 7''" 1742 & baptized the 11th 7*'"' 1742. 
Susannah Daughter of Robert & Elizabeth Gibbes was baptized 

July yMlth 1742 
Isaac the son of Joseph & Ann Spencer was baptized In Christ 

Church December the 5th 1742 the Sureties were Mess'^ Wilks 

& Barton & Miss Elizabeth Bond. 
Mary Magaw daughter of James & Ann Magaw was born the 25* 

of 8^" 1742 & baptized January the 16*^ the Surities were M". 

Ann Blaer & M". Elizabeth Bond & M"". Ouzeley. 
John the Son of Peter & Rebecca Royer was baptized the same day. 

The Sureties were Mess"^^. Bennett & Steele & Sally Spencer 
Elizabeth the Daughter of Tho^. & Susan". Boone was baptized the 

30*^ of January 1742/3, the Sureties were D'. White, his wife & 

Mrs. Boone. 
his wife the sureties were 

& M"^. Nehn [torn oflf.] 

Thomas Martin the Son of Saunders was baptized the same day. 
George the Son of George Benison Junior was baptized the 1^ Day 

of February in the year of Christ 1742/3. 
Esther the Daughter of M^ Dutart was baptized y^ 5th of March 

James, the son of M"".Lessine was baptized the 20th of March 1743. 
Susannah the Daughter of M"". Spencer was baptized the 4 day 

of April 1743. 
Mary the Daughter of M"". Hope was baptized the 4th Day of 

April 1743. 
Andrew Boone the Son of M'. Holmes was baptized the 10*^ Day 

of April 1743. 
Susannah the Daughter of Oliver Spencer & Rebecker his wife 

born the 21 day of October 1742. 


The Child of M^ Deva was baptized May 17, 1742 July the 22^ 

Baptized the daughter of John Steel & Catherine his wife — the 

Sureties were Henry Varnod, Elizabeth Hazelwood & Jane Sims. 
Sarah the Daughter of Daniel & Mary Lewis was baptized the 24*'' 

of 7^^^ 1743. 
Esther the Daughter of Joseph Hatcher & his wife was baptized y^ 

24**^ of S''^'' 1743 the Sureties were Lefevre M'•^ Lewis & Mother 


All baptized by y"" Rev*^. Levi Durand. 
[Here an item torn off] 
Elizabeth the Daughter of M"". Hartman & his wife was born the 

S^^ of October and baptized the 6*^ of 9^^"^ 1743. 
Robert the Son of Major William Pinckney & Ruth his wife, was 

baptized the lO*'' [?] of Xber 1743. The Sureties Collo. Brewton 

& his wife & Self. 
James the Son of James White and Sarah his wife was born the 

18th day of November 1743 and baptized the 1 day of January 

P'. Rev'^. Levi Durand. 
William the Son of Nickles Miller and Ann his Wife was born the 

19*** day of November 1743 and baptized the 15t^ day of Janu- 
ary P"". Rev*^. Levi Durand 
Susannah the Daughter of John Backer and Sarah his wife was 

baptized the 26*'' day of February 1743/4 P^ Rev^. Levi Durand. 
Margaret the Daughter of William Jones & Ann his wife was born 

the 10*'' March 1743/4 & was baptized the 30**^ of June 1744. 

The Sureties were Joseph Haynes, Flora Skirrett & Catherine 

Levi, the Son of the Rev*^. Levi & Charlotta Durand was baptized 

the 8*'^ October 1744. 
Ann the Daughter of Joseph Spencer & Ann his wife was born the 

14th Qf j^iy J 744 Q^j^f^ baptized the 9^^ November following. 

The Sureties were William Hartman & Ruth his wife & Mary 

Alice the Daughter of M^ Hollybush & his wife was baptized 

March the 11*''. [?] 1743/4. 
Elizabeth Daugh''. of Robert & Elizabeth Gibbes was born March 

the 22d. 1744 & Baptized the 28*'' Day Apr. following. 
Elizabeth, Dau'". of William & Mary Gibbes was born on Wednes- 
day the 27*'' Day of March 1745 ab*. 12 oClock at Night & was 

baptized 19*'' Day May follow^. P^ M^ Durand. 


Jordan the Son of Jordan & Rebecca Roach was born in Charles 

Town the 23"^ Oct^ 1744 & was baptized in X«*. Ch. Parish the 

2P* of April P the Rev^. Levi Durand. 
Ann Daugh'. of James & Ann Magaw was born Friday the 2^ Aug"*. 

John son of John & Mary honour Catherine Evens was born July 

24t^ 1742 & baptized 
James, son of John & Mary Honour Catherine Evins was born 

February Ht'^ & Baptized by M^ Durand, 1744/5. 
Elizabeth Daug"". of John & Cath'^. Holmes born 1745. 

Sarah Wingood Daug'. of Jn° & Wingood born 1744. 

Thomas Son of Thos. & Suky Boone born June 3, 1745 & baptized 

U^ March foll^. 
Son of Jon". Emett & Sarah his wife was born 1745 & bap- 
tized 22'* May foll«. 
Thomas Son, Mary Daugh''. twins, of D"". James White & Sarah his 

wife, born April 1745 & Baptized 26ti' Ap*. 
Elizabeth, Illegetimate Daug''. of Tho^. Stevens & Sukey Player 

Christn**. Francis Kinlock, Eliz'^. Varvil & Eliz*. Murril Sureties 

Jan 22. 1745/6. 

Son of Henry Varnon born St'' Dec^ 1745 

Daug"-. of David & Cath^ Blair born Feb^^^. 2^, 1745 

of David Johnson born 1745 & baptized 

son of Jon"". & Sarah Emit born 1745. 

Illegetimate Daugh"". of Ann Saverance & was bom 


Daugh^ of John & Eliz^ Gibbins born & Christn'd. 

Jonah the son of Jonah Edin & Sarah his wife was baptized the 23^ 

of March 1745/6. the Sureties were John Smith, Paddon Bond 

& Sarah White. 
Susannah the Daughter of Rich'*. I'on & Elizab''. his wife was Bom 

a Tursday July'3<* 1746 & Baptized 3P* August 1746. 
A child of Richard Beaks Baptized Nov"". 9^*^ 1746. 
Frances Daughter of James & Ann M:Gaw Born 9''^ December 1746 
Levi the son of Levi & Susanna Durand Born y*' 25*'^ December 

1746 & Baptized y« 2** Feb^^ following. 
Peter the Son of M^ Deuva Baptiz'' January II''*' 1746. 
John Son of James & Jemyma McKrelless was Born Nov"". 4*** 1742. 
James Son of James & Jemyma McKrelless was born Dec"". 27**^ 1743 


George Son of James & Jemyma McKrelles was Born April 5*^ 1745. 
Mary Daughter of James & Jemyma McKrelles was Born Oct. 23* 

Jonathan Son of Robert Dorrall & Eliz^. his wife Born 13*^^ May 

1735 [sic] 
Robert, son Robert Gibbes & Eliz^. his wife Baptized 26 Apr'. 1747. 
Frances, Daughter of Paul Villepontoux & Mary his wife Baptized 

y* 26 April 1747. 
Rebeck"". Daughter of Jn°. Evans & Sarah his wife Baptized May 

13'^: 1747. 

Daughter of Tho^ & Mary Webb Born 13 May 1747. 

Richard & Thomas, Son [sic] of Jos: & Maryan Hatcher, Bap- 
tized June 20'''* 1747. The Sureties were Rich<^ Grace, Henry 

Varnor & Eliz*. Varnor. 
Clement Varnor Son of Henry & Eliz*: Varnor baptized June 20*^ 

Henry Varnor son of Henry & Eliz^ Varnor Baptized June 20*'' 

Ann, Daughter of Henry & Ann Grey born Sep'. 1747 & Baptized 

Nov^ 29'^ 1747. 
WilUam Son of Peter & Rebecca Rayer Born 10*'^ Oct^ 1747 

Child of John Gibbons & his wife Born 8^^ Oct^ 1747. 

Son & Daughter Twins, of Thomas & Susannah Beazley Borny*: 

20*'^: November 1747. 
Andrews Son of Eliz^: Quelch Jr. Baptized 11*'' October 1747. 
Jn°: Son of Susannah the servant of M"". Quelch baptized ll*''Oct. 

Sarah Wattson Daughter of Joseph & Ann Saverance Baptized y": 

3P* October 1747 
Mary Daughter of John & Sarah Rutledge Born y® 24*'^ Nov' 1747 
Daughter of Lionel & Martha Chalmers born 23'' 

(To be continued) 


The Retreat. Referring to the account of the Retreat planta- 
tion in the article on Charleston and Charleston Neck in the 
January 1918 Number of this Magazine, the following notice from 
the 5. C. and American General Gazette for 9 December 1774 will 
be of interest as showing that the brick house on the property when 
it was transferred to the U. S. Government was probably not pre- 
revolutionary although it may have been rebuilt on the old walls. 
"On Saturday last the elegant Seat near Cooper River, called the 
"Retreat, belonging to the estate of the late Thomas Loughton 
"Smith was burnt down by accident. Happily no lives were lost, 
"and all the Furniture was saved." 

South-Carolina Almanack, 1759 — Mr. Henry S. Holmes has pre- 
sented to this Society a copy of The South-Carolina Almanack for 
the year 1759, by John Tobler, Esq. South-Carolina, Charles- 
Town, Printed and Sold by Peter Timothy at his Printing-Office 
in Trady Street. This is the earliest Almanac we have with a South 
Carolina imprint (see "South Carolina Almanacs," this Magazine, 
vol. XV, p. 73). It contains, besides the usual Almanac matter, a 
Preface to the Reader, from the Publisher. Court Days, Fairs 
(first Tuesday in May, and second Tuesday in October in Shem- 
Town, Ashley River, Second Tuesday in April, and Third Tuesday 
in October, at Dorchester-Town. Third Tuesday in May, and 
First Tuesday in November, at Childsburg.) Account of the 
Seneka Rattle-Snake Root, with directions for curing the Pleurisy. 
Published in the Virginia Gazette by D'' John Tannant. Cure for 
bites of a Rattle-snake, discovered by Sampson, a negro, for which 
discovery the Province purchased his freedom, and gave him an 
annuity. The negro Caesar's cure for poison. Mr. Howard's 
receipt for Yaws, Lame — Distemper, Scurvy, Rheumatism &c. for 
which the Gen. Assembly Allowed him £3000. Table of Simple 
Interest at eight per cent. Table of Roads, taken from a general 
Map of the Middle British Colonies in America, published by the 
ingenious Mr. Lewis Evans, deceased. List of English Gover- 
nors in North America. Roads North-eastward and South- 






Vol. I, 1857, $3.00; Vol. II, 1858, $3.00; Vol. Ill, 1859, 
out of print. Vol. IV, 1887, unbound, $3.00, bound, $4.00; 
Vol. V, 1897, paper, $3.00. 


Journal of a Voyage to Charles town in So. Carolina by 
Pelatiah Webster in 1765. Edited by Prof. T. P. Harrison, 
1898. 75c. 

The History of the Santee Canal. By Prof. F. A. 
Porcher. With an Appendix by A. S. Salley, Jr., 1903. 75c. 


Volume I, 1900, Edited by A. S. Salley, Jr. Complete 

Volume. $10.00. 

Single copies of Nos. 2-4. $1.25 each. 

Volume II to IX, 1901-1908, Edited by A. S. Salley, Jr. 

Unbound $5.00 each. 
Volume X to XVI, 1909-1915, Edited by Mabel L. Web- 
ber. Unbound $5.00 each. 
Members get a discount of 25 per cent, on the above 


Address: South Carolina Historical Society, 

Charleston, S. C. 








JULY, 1918 

Entered at the Post-office at Charleston, S. C, as 
Second-Class Matter 


Joseph W. Barnwell, Henry A. M. Smith, 

A. S. Salley, Jr. 

Mabel L. Webber. 


Wragg of South Carolina 121 

The Register of Christ Church Parish 124 

Abstracts from Marriage Bonds of South Carolina 130 

Marriage and Death Notices from the South Carolina 

Weekly Gazette 136 

Historical Notes 146 

N. B. — These Magazines, with the exception of No. 1 of 
Vol. I, are $1.25 to any one other than a member of the South 
Carolina Historical Society. Members of the Society receive 
them free. The Membership fee is $4.00 per annum (the fiscal 
year being 'from January to January), and members can buy 
back numbers or duplicates at $1.00 each. In addition to 
receiving the Magazines, members are allowed a discount of 25 
per cent, on all other publications of the Society, and have the 
free use of the Society's library. 

Any member who has not received the last number will 
please notify the Secretary and Treasurer. 

Miss Mabel L. Webber, 

South Carolina Historical Society, 

Charleston, S. C. 

The South Carolina 
Historical and Genealogical 


VOL. XIX JULY, 1918 No. 3 

By Henry A. M. Smith 

With this is pubHshed a chart of the family descents of the 
Wragg family in South Carolina with some of its original immedi- 
ate connections. The chart shows what may be said to be quite 
a typical low country South Carolina family of means and position. 
It will be noted how from the time of the settlement the inter- 
marriages are practically restricted to persons of the same sec- 
tion, and that the first arrivals intermarried at once with members 
of the French Huguenot settlement. 

The first immigrants to South Carolina of the Wragg family 
were the two brothers Samuel and Joseph Wragg. Exactly when 
either of them first landed in the Province the writer has never been 
able to determine. Samuel Wragg was there on the 6*^ March 
1710-11 for on that day he delivered to the Council a letter from 
the Lord's Proprietors.^ 

In 1712 he was a member of the Provincial House of Commons,^ 
and in 1717 a member of the Council. 

In 1718 when outward bound from Charles Town to England 
the vessel he was in was taken by the pirate Black Beard just off 
Charles Town bar, and he was despoiled of a large amount of 
specie, threatened with death, and subjected to many hardships 
and humiliations before he was released, and with his young son 
William allowed to return to Charles Town. 

^ Commissions and Instructions printed by the Hist: Com" of S. C, p. 35. 
2 S. C. Hist: b" Gen: Mag:, vol. X p. 42. 




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The South Carolina 
Historical and Genealogical 


VOL. XIX JULY, 1918 No. 3 

By Henry A. M. Smith 

With this is pubhshed a chart of the family descents of the 
Wragg family in South Carolina with some of its original immedi- 
ate connections. The chart shows what may be said to be quite 
a typical low country South Carolina family of means and position. 
It will be noted how from the time of the settlement the inter- 
marriages are practically restricted to persons of the same sec- 
tion, and that the first arrivals intermarried at once with members 
of the French Huguenot settlement. 

The first immigrants to South Carolina of the Wragg family 
were the two brothers Samuel and Joseph Wragg. Exactly when 
either of them first landed in the Province the writer has never been 
able to determine. Samuel Wragg was there on the 6*'^ March 
1710-11 for on that day he delivered to the Council a letter from 
the Lord's Proprietors.^ 

In 1712 he was a member of the Provincial House of Commons,^ 
and in 1717 a member of the Council. 

In 1718 when outward bound from Charles Town to England 
the vessel he was in was taken by the pirate Black Beard just off 
Charles Town bar, and he was despoiled of a large amount of 
specie, threatened with death, and subjected to many hardships 
and humiliations before he was released, and with his young son 
William allowed to return to Charles Town. 

^ Commissions and Instructions printed by the Hist: Com'^ of S. C, p. 35. 
2 S. C. Hist: b- Gen: Mag:, vol. X p. 42. 



After the transfer of the Province to the Crown, Samuel Wragg 
was a member of the Council as also was later his brother Joseph, 
The brothers carried on business as merchants in Charles Town, 
and had apparently been merchants in London prior to their es- 
tablishment in the Province — probably in some connection with 
their uncle, William Wragg who seems to have been a wealthy 
merchant of London. According to the family tradition the two 
brothers were the sons of a M"" John Wragg of Chesterfield in 
Derbyshire. They apparently came to the Province well provided 
with capital, which no doubt was much increased in the course 
of their business as they were ranked among the wealthy citizens 
of the Province and both when they died left — for the period — large 

An account of Samuel Wragg's purchase and settlement of the 
Ashley Barony on Ashley river has been given in a former num- 
ber of this Magazine.^ William Wragg the eldest son of Samuel 
Wragg, was the William who as a young child had been captured 
by Black Beard. William Wragg was a man of ability, fortune, 
and the highest character. He was offered the post of Chief 
Justice of the Colony and declined it from motives of the greatest 
disinterestedness and delicacy; but served as a member of the Coun- 
cil. His staunch loyalty to the Crown caused in 1777 his expul- 
sion from his native land. On his voyage to England he was 
drowned in a shipwreck off the coast of Holland: and is the only 
native born South Carolinian so far as the writer has ever heard 
to whom a memorial exists in Westminster Abbey. 

The two brothers Samuel and Joseph Wragg married sisters, 
the daughters of Jacques du Bosc a French Huguenot immigrant 
to South Carolina who had become a merchant in Charles Town. 

On the accompanying chart the authority for the Wragg de- 
scents prior to the two brothers who came to Carolina is largely 
traditional from a manuscript made by the late W"^ Wragg Smith 
Esq' for the late Henry A. Middleton Esq''. The connection be- 
tween the brothers and their uncle William Wragg and the lat- 
ter 's children is from records in this country — from which and other 
old records are the data for the later descents, and the part of the 
chart therefrom is believed to be as accurate as may be. 

3 S. C. Hist: b- Gen: Mag:, vol. XI, p. 86. 


The data for the connected families of du Gue and du Bosc are 
from the "St. JuHen" or "Ravenel" Hst and other records. The 
Wraggs used a coat of arms, for the full illustration of which the 
writer is indebted to the careful work of M"^ M. Alston Read. 
The oldest example is on an old piece of silver which from the hall 
mark was made about 1731 and has come down in the descendants 
of Joseph Wragg, viz Or, a fesse azure, a canton azure charged 
with a fleur de lys. In some books apparently at one time owned 
by M". Milward Pogson, a daughter of the Hon: William Wragg 
is pasted as a book plate, a coat of arms with crest and motto 
above the name "William Wragg." Whether the Hon: William 
Wragg who died in 1777, or his son William who died in 1802 is 
not apparent. The volumes in which this plate is pasted were 
published one in 1801, and the other in 1803. So it may have been 
a book plate of the father which was used by the son. On this 
plate the canton is "argent" — but this is likely a mistake as by 
the laws of English Heraldric blazonry, one metal "argent" should 
not be charged on another metal "or" and this canton should 
likely be "azure" as represented on the old piece of silver. On 
this book plate the crest is given as a demi eagle with opened 
wings and the motto is ^^est ulubris.^' The explanation of this 
motto long puzzled the writer. To M"^ Thomas della Torre of 
Charleston he owes the acute suggestion that it is from Horace — • 
Epistles Bk. 1 — Epistle xi — viz "quod petis, hie est, 

est Ulubris, animus si te non deficit aequus." 

"they change their climate not their disposition, who run be- 
yond the sea .... what you seek is here [i.e. at home], is 
at Ulubrae if a well balanced mind is not wanting to you." 

It may be of interest to note that in Burke's Commoners (vol. 
4, p. 178) it is stated that Mary Ashby daughter of Shukbrugh 
Ashby of Quenby England married Rev. William Breckwich 
Wragge Vicar of Frisby, while in this country Samuel Wragg 
married Mary Ashby I 'On a descendant of John Ashby of Quenby 
in South Carolina a collateral branch of Ashby of Quenby England. 


Copied by Mabel L. Webber 
(Continued from the April number) 


Daughter of Jonah Eden and Sarah his wife Baptized Jan'ry 

Sarah daughter of James and Ann M:cGaw born the 22: February 

Thomas Son of Thomas Jones & Mary his wife Baptized March 

y« 6th. 1747/8 
Hannah Daughter of WilHam Hartman & Ruth his wife Baptized 

March 6th 1747/8; born 29th. Dec. 1747. 
Catherine daughter of Willm. Hartman and Ruth his Wife born 

ye 21st August 1745. 
Thomas Son of Thomas & Sarah WhiteSides Born 28th. January 

John Son of Thomas and Sarah Whitesidew Born ye 15th Febry. 

Sarah Daughter of James Magaw & Ann his wife was Baptized 

8th. May 1748 
Ann Daughter of Stephen & Mary Callebuff Baptized ye 2d. 

October 1748. 
George Son of Robert Gibbs and Ehzabeth his wife was Baptized 

Feb. 11th 1748/9. 
Ehzabeth the Daughter of Robert Dorrill and Elizabeth his wife 

was born March the 12th. 1747/8. 
Richard the Son of Richard Duva & his Wife was bap- 
tized the 18th. March 1748/9. 
William Son of John & Marry Honour Katherine Evans was born 

May the 7th. 1747. 
Mary daughter of John Rutledge & Sarah his wife was baptized 

29th. Feb'r 1747/8. [Erased.] 
Thomas the Son of Levi & Susanna Durand was born the 15th. 

July 1748 and baptizes the 29th. day of August Ensuing. 



John Son of Joseph Severance & his wife was baptized 13 th May 

William Jones the Son of WilHam Jones & Ann his wife was bap- 
tized 6th. August 1749. 

EHzabeth the Daughter of Thomas Boone, Jun. and Hannah his 
wife was baptized 30th. August 1747. 

Constantia, Daughter of Willm. and EHzabeth Gibbes was born 
24th. day July 1749. 

Mark the son of John & Katherine Holmes was baptized the 9th. 
of October 1749. 

Benjamin the illegitimate Son of Katherine Thornton was bap- 
tized at the same time. 

Jane Daughter of Jonah Bonhoste & Jane his Wife was baptized 
18th. Nov. 1749. 

Anne Daughter of Clement Lempriere & Ann his Wife was bap- 
tized in church George Logan & his wife with Betsy Wilks were 
sureties. 31st. December 1749. 

Martha Daughter of James & Ann McGaw was born 20th. Novem- 
ber 1749. 

Esther, Dayghter of Henry Varnor & his wife was bap- 
tized in Church the 25th. Nahch 1750. Sureties were Mumford 
Milner & his wife. 

Clement Lempriere & his wife. 

Jacob Bond I'On was baptized in the church 27th, May 1750. 
The Sureties were Col. Austin and Paddon Bond and Molly his 

Francis the Son of Jonah Eden & Sarah his wife was baptized 27 
May 1750 

Frances the illegitimate Daughter of Elizabeth Quelch was bap- 
tized 18 June 1750. 

Susannah, Daughter of John & Sarah Hope was born the 2d. of 
June 1750, and baptized the 7th of July ensuing by the Rev. 
Levi Durand. 

Peter Guerry the son of Ehjah Guerry & his wife was 

baptized at San tee June 10th. 1750.* 

Sarah the Daughter of Edward & Sarah Morain, was born April 
23d. 1750 and baptized June 14th. 1752. Sureties were Mr. 
Haddrell Mr. Wainwright & John Metheringham Junr. 


Samuel the Son of Samuel & Hannah Lacy, was born January 

ye 5th., 1744/5 & Baptized by the Rev. Alexander Garden in 

Charles Town. 
Ann, Daughter of Alexander & Ann Depony, was born January 

10th. 1750/1 and baptized April ye 21st. 1751 by Rev. Levi 

William the son of Thomas and Sarah Whitesides was born 

and baptized April 21st. 1751 by Rev. Levi Durand. 
Esther Daughter of Jonathan & Sarah Emit was born & Baptizes 

April 21st 1751 
Jane the Daughter of James & Anne McGaw was born February 

25th. 1750/1 Baptized April 28th. 1751 by Rev. Levi Durand. 
Thomas Son of John & Martha McDowell was born January 25th. 

1750/1 and baptized May 5th. 1751. 
Ann the Daughter of Thomas Hamlin Junior and Mary his wife 

was born January ye 11th. 1750/1 & Baptized May 5th. 1751 
Alice, the Daughter of Robert and Elizabeth Gibbes was born 

April 3d. 1751, and Baptized the 2d. day of July ensuing by the 

Rev. Levi Durand. 
Elias Booth was baptized 28th. October 1751. 
Martha Dorrill ws. born 29 July 1751 and baptized the 23 Febb 

of afordsaid. 
Elizabeth Daughter of John and Ann Metheringham junior was 

born the 7th. of March 1752 & baptized th 22d of March 1752 
William Son of John Bennett Junr. & Margt. his Wife ws. born in 

ChasTown Feby. 11th. 1752 
George the Son of Arch: McDowel & Sarah his wife ws. Born 21st 

Dec. baptized the 16th. Feb'ry 1752 by Rev. Mr. Durand. 
Jeremiah Milner the son of Momford Milner & Elizabeth his wife 

ws: born the 13 June 1754 and baptized the 31st July 1754 

by Rev. Mr. Alexr. Garden Junr. 
Paul Villepontoux was baptized 8th. April 1750 the Sureties 

Miss Tookerman, Robt. Gibbes & his brother Jacky. 
Francis Bremar Benson the son of George Benison & his 

wife was baptized the 9th. August 1750. 
James the Son of Peter & Rebecca Royers was baptized on Mon- 
day the 6th. August 1750. 

* From * to * the copy has been followed, these items being missing from 
the old register. 


John Son of James Allen was born the 19th. Day of January 1748 

Henry son of James and Sarah White was born the 1st. of No- 
vember 1750 & baptized the 22d. of the same month & year. 

Rebecca Daughter of Richd. Wainwright & his Wife was baptized 
3d. Feb. 1750/1. 

George, son of Jonah & Jane Bonhost was baptized the 9th. Febry 

John, son of John and Elizabeth Gibbens was born the 13th. of 
January & baptized the 24th. Feb'ry/ 1750/1. The sureties 
were WiUiam Benison & his Sister Elizabeth Benison with John 

Magdalen Bineau was baptized at Santee the 31st. March 1751. 

Tacitus Gaillard the son of Tacitus Gaillard was baptized Febry. 
11th 1749/50 at Santee by the Rev. Mr. Levi Durand.* 

James the son of Levi & Susannah Durand was born on Thursday 
the 25th. day of Sept. 1751 and Baptized on Sunday the 27th. 
of October ensuing. 

Rebecca the daughter of Peter and Rebecca Roya was born No- 
vember ye 7th. 1757. 

Samuel the son of Benjamin & Catherine Joy was born January 
30th. 1758. 

Thomas the son of John and Ann Metheringham was born March 
5th. 1759 and Baptized April 15th. 1759 by the Rev. Mr. 
Sarjeant; the Sureties were John Gibbes & his wife and Jona- 
than Fowler. 

Samuel Carnes, the son of Doctor Samuel Carnes & Catherine his 
wife was born February 28th. 1760 and baptized April ye 12th. 
1760, by the Rev. Mr. Serjeant. 

1727. These are to Certify that Richard, son of Jonathan Fowler 
by Martha his wife was Baptized in the Parish of St Bridget 
alias St Brides London on the 13th day of March 1705/6, as 
appears by the Register belonging to the said Parish-witness 
my hand 10th. August A.V. 1727. 

Wm. Mobley, Clerk. J. P. Stannard — curate. 

N.B. — The above is a true Copy compared from the Original 

by S. Hartley Register of Christ Church Parish. 

* From here the copy is followed, several entries being missing from the 
old Register. 


Thomas son of the Rev. Levi Durand & Susannah his wife was 

born the 13th of July, 1748. 
Benjamin Wigfall was born ye. 31st March, (year not given) 
Mary Dau. of John Prig (?) Elizabeth his wife was born 

and Baptized the 19th January 1755. 
demons M:Dowell the Son of Jno. McDowell and Martha his 

Wife was Born Feb'y 9th. 1753 and Baptized ye 4 May Ensuing 
Mary McDowell the Daughter of Jno. McDowell & Martha His 

Wife was born May 9th. 1755 and Baptized 4 June Ensuing. 
Samuel the Son of Sam: Bennett & Hannah his Wife Departed 

this life October 14: 1756. 
Thomas the son of Saml. Bennett and Hannah his wife was born 

Decem. ye 10th 1753 and Baptized 20th January 1754 by the 

Rev. Mr. Roan. 
Samuel Bennett the Son of Saml. Bennett and Hannah his Wife 

was Born the 2 Sept. 1755 and baptized the 22d. of Septemr. 
by the Rev. Mr. Garden. 
John The Son of Saml. Bennett and Hannah his wife was Born 

October 1, 1757 and Baptized by Rev. Mr. Sarjent, 
William the son of Samuel Bennett and Hannah His wife was 

Born Octo'r. 18th. 1758 and Baptized by the Reverend Mr. 

Sarjent the 19th. Novem. 1759. 
Elizabeth Ann the daughter of Daniel and Mary Lewis was born 

1758 and Baptized February 18th, 1759 by the Rev. Mr. Sarjent. 
Mary the Daughter of Joseph and Hannah Cook Was baptized 

February 25th. 1759. 
Martha the Daughter of James Eden junior & Mary Christiana 

his wife was born June 11th. 1757 and Baptized by the Rev. 

Mr. Sarjeant. 
William Cook the son of WilHam and Ann Cook was born Decem- 
ber 30th. 1758. 
Edward the son of Thomas and Sarah Whitesides was born 

March 11th. 1757, and baptized March 25th. 1758, by the 

Rev. Mr. Sarjeant. 
Thomas the son of John Metheringham and Ann his wife was 

born June 13th 1754 and baptized the 21 July 1754. 
Richard Son of Peter Royer & Rebeckah his wife was born Octo- 
ber 24: 1755 and baptized the 19th. of Janry. 1755. 
Thomas Son of Thomas Barton & Presilla his wife was born 

Janry 5th. 1755, and Baptized July 20, 1755. 


Mary daughter of Daniel Metheny & Margaret his wife was Born 

Augt. 11th 1753 and Baptized July 20: 1755 
Sarah White the wife of Jas. White Departed this Life 18th. 

July 1755 
Samuel the Son of Samuel Bennett & Hannah his wife was born 

ye 2d Septr. 1755 and Baptized 28th Septr. 1755 [Erased] 
Mary the daughter of Thomas Whitesides & Sarah his wife ws. 

Born and Baptized 28th. Septr. 1755. 

Mary the daughter of James Eden Junr. & Mary his Wife ws. 

Born the 24th Apr. 1755 and Baptized 28th. Sepr. 1755 
James Ousley Departed this Life 28th. Deer: 1755 
John Metheringham Senr. Departed this Life Deer. 11, 1755 Aged 

54 years & buried at the Church. 
Elizabeth the Daughter of William Cook and Ann his Wife ws, 

born 16th. Jan'y 1756 and Baptized the 16 May 1756. 
Ann the Daughter of John Metheringham & Anne his wife was 

Born the 24th. July 1756 and baptized 27th. Sept. 1756. [erased| 
Mary the Daur. of Jonah Eden & Sarah his wife was Born the 5th. 

December 1756 & Baptized the 30th Janry. 1757 
Elizabeth the daughter of Jas. Eden Junr. and Mary his wife was 

born the 24th. July 1752 and Baptized by the Rev. Mr. Roan. 

(To he continued) 



December 1743-November 1744 

By Mabel L. Webber. 

{Continued from the April number) 

John Minson of CharlesTown Carpenter and Thomas Doughty 
of the same place, Victualer, bond to Gov. Glen, dated 10th. 
March 1743/4. 

Licence to Rev. Alexander Garden to marry John Minson and Ann 
Trusler Spinster. 
Signed by John Mienson (sic) and Thos. Doughty. 

Laurence Woolferston of Granvillte County and Francis Chris- 
tian of the Same County, and Edward Knight of CharlesTown 
all in the Province aforesaid, bond to Gov. Glen 12th. March 

Licence to the Rev. Lewis Jones to marry Laurence Woolferston 
and Mary Christian, Spinster. 
Signed by Francis Christian and Edwd. Knight. 

Charles Cattell of the Parish of St. Andrews in Berkley County, 
and John Hume Mercht. in CharlesTown, bond Ito Gov. Glen, 
dated March 13th. 1743/4 

Licence to Rev. Thomas Thompson to marry said Charles Cattell 
and Catherine Cattell Spinster. 
Signed by Chas. Cattell and John Hume. 

John Benoist of St. Johns Berkley County and Peter Benoist 
of the parish of St. James Santee, bond to Gov. Glen, dated 14th., 
March 1743/4. 

Licence to Rev. Daniel Dwight to marry John Benoist and Sarah 
Birch Spinster. 
Signed by John Benoist and Peter X Benoist [mark] 

William Miles of the parish of St. Pauls in Colleton County and 
John Champneys of CharlesTown, bond to Gov. Glen dated 
15th. March 1743/4. Licence to Rev. William Orr to marry 
William Miles and Mary Mackewn spinster. 



Signed by William Miles, Jno. Champneys and Wm. Guy Jr. 

Nathaniel Fuller of St. Andrews parish Berkley County, and 
Alexander Levie of Charlestown, bond to Gob. Glen dated 17th. 
March, 1743/4. Licence to Rev. Alexander Garden to marry 
Nathaniel Fuller and Sarah Lloyd spinster. 
Signed by Alex. Livie (sic) 

John Prue of Charlestown carpenter, and George Dandridge of 
the same place, bond to Gov. Glen dated 24 March, 1743/4. 
Licence to Rev. William Orr to marry John Prue and Frances 
Signed by John Prue and George Dandridge. 

William Hopton and Thomas Smith of CharlesTowii merchants 
bond to Gov. Glen dated 28th. March, 1744. Licence to Rev. 
Alex. Garden to marry William Hopton and Sarah Clapp widow. 
Signed by Wm. Hopton and Thos. Smith. 

Richard Timmons of St. Johns Colleton County, and Mumford 
Milner of CharlesTown, bond to Gov. Glen, dated 30th. March, 
1744. Licence to Rev. John Quincey to marry Richard Tim- 
mons and Mary Anne Holden Spinster. 
Signed by Richard Timmons and Mumford Milner, 

George June of the parish of St. James Santee, and Alexander 
Dupont of Prince Fredericks parish, bond to Gov. Glen dated 
30th. March 1744. Licence to Rev. Thomas Hasell to marry 
George June and Mary Brian widow. 
Signed by George June and A. Dupont. 

John Powell of St. Helena Parish and Griffeth Bullard of 
CharlesTown, bond to Gov. Glen dated 5th. April, 1744. Li- 
cence to Rev. Lewis Jones to marry John Powell and Hannah 
Wilkinson spinster. 
Signed by John X Powell [mark] and Griffit X Bullard [mark] 

Thomas Hasell of the parish of St. Thomas in Berkley county 
and Capt. Thomas Sommersett of CharlesTown bond to Gov. Glen 
dated 5th. April 1744. Licence to Rev. John Fordyce to marry 
Thomas Hasell Junr and Alice Morritt spinster. 
Signed by Thomas Hasell Junr. and Thos. Summersett. 

Adrian Loyer of CharlesTown and Lewis Lorimer of the same 
place bond to Gov. Glen dated 6th. April 1744. Licence to Rev. 
Alex. Garden to marry Adrian Loyer and Catherine Dalbrae 


Signed by Ad. Loyer and L. Lorimer. 

Daniel Clan of St. James Goose Creek and William Guy Junr. 
of CharlesTown, bond to Gov. Glen dated 10th. April 1744. 
Licence to Rev. Timothy Mellechamp to marry Daniel Clan and 
Ann Bearirn spinster. 
Signed by Daniel Clan and Wm. Guy Junr. 

Robert Corsan of St. Phillips CharlesTown and Robt. Ducat of 
the said place bond to Gov. Glen dated 23 April 1744. Licence 
to Rev. Alexander Garden to marry the said Robert Corsan and 
Lillias Ducant [sic St. Philips register gives her as Ducket]. 
Signed by Robert Corsan and Robert Duckett. 

Abraham Waight Junr. and Isaac Waight both of St. Johns 
Colleton County, bond to Gov. Glen dated 26th April 1744. 
Licence to Rev. Samuel Quincey to marry the said Abraham 
Waight and Ann Fitch spinster. 
Signed by Abrm. Waight Junr. and Isaac Waight, 

William Brunson of the parish of St. James Santee and Samuel 
Bowman of St. Johns parish bond to Gov. Glen dated 26th 
April 1744. Licence to Rev. Daniel D wight to marry William 
Brunson and Elizabeth Cooper Spinster. 
Signed by Willm. Brunson and Saml. Bowman. 

Matthew Beaird of the parish of St. James Goose Creek and 
Anthony Gracia of the same place bond to Gov. Glen dated 30th. 
April 1744. Licence to Rev. Daniel D wight to marry Matthew 
Beaird and Elizabeth Beaird spinster. 
Signed by Matthew Beaird and Anthony X Gracia [mark] 

Anthony Gracia and Matthew Beaird both of St. James Goose 
Creek, bond to Gov. Glen dated 30th. April 1744. Licence to 
Rev. Timothy Mellechampe to marry Anthony Gracia and 
Elizabeth Riggs widow. 
Signed by Anthony X Gracia [mark] and Matt. Beaird. 

James Postell of the parish of St. Georges Dorchester and 
George Waring of the said parish, bond to Gov. Glen dated 30th. 
April 1744. Licence to Rev. Thomas Thompson to marry James 
Postell and Ann Waring Spinster. 
Signed by James Postell and Geo. Waring. 

Robert McMurdy of the parish of St. Pauls and William Glen 
of CharlesTown bond to Gov. Glen dated 1st. May, 1744. Li- 
cence to Rev. Thomas Thompson to marry Robert McMurdy 
and Elizabeth Shepperd widow. 


Signed by R,obt. McMurdy and William Glen. 

William Woodhouse and Richard Mason both of CharlesTown, 
bond to Gov. Glen dated 3rd. May 1744. Licence to Rev. Alex. 
Garden to marry William Woodhouse and Elizabeth Fairchild 
Signed by Willm. Woodhouse and Richd. Mason. 

Hugh Dowse of the parish of St. Georges Dorchester and John 
Wheeler of CharlesTown bond to Gov. Glen dated 3rd. May 
1744. Licence to Rev. Thomas Thompson to marry Hugh 
Dowse and Mary Pallett Spinster. 
Signed by Hugh Dowse and Jno. Wheler. 

Peter David and John Triboudet both of Charles Town bond to 
Gov. Glen dated 5th. May 1744. Licence to Rev. Alex. Garden 
to marry Peter David and Ann Keating Widow. 
Signed by Peter David and John Triboudet. 

Arthur Bull of St. Helena Parish in Granville County and Jenkin 
Hughs of Charles Town bond dated 7th. May, 1744. Licence to 
the Rev. Lewis Jones to marry Arthur Bull and Esther Stewart 
Signed by Arthur Bull and Jenkin Hughes. 

John Godfrey and Richard Godfrey both of the Parish of St. 
Andrews bond to Gov. Glen dated 12th. May 1744. Licence to 
Rev. William Guy to marry John Godfrey and Mary Chapman 
Signed by Jno. Godfrey and Richard Godfrey. 

Thomas Wilson of the Parish of St. Pauls and Wm. Guy Junr. 
and James Hilliard of Charles Town bond to Gov. Glen dated 
19th. May 1744. Licence to Rev. WiUiam Orr to marry Thomas 
Wilson and Sarah Ninion widow. 
Signed by Thos. Wilson, James Hilliard and Wm. Guy Junr. 

William Williams of the Parish of St. Pauls in Colleton County 
and Emanuel Smith Of CharlesTown, bond to Gov. Glen dated 
19th. May 1744. Licence to Rev. William Orr to marry William 
Williams and Mary Woodbury Spinster. 
Signed by William Williams and Emanuel Smith. 

John Perdriau of the Parish of St. James Santee and Peter 
Laurens of Charles Town bond to Gov. Glen dated 21st. May 
1744. Licence to Rev. Thomas Hasell to marry John Perdriau 
and Esther Guerry Spinster. 


Signed by John Perdriau and Peter Laurens. 

Thomas Eden of the Parish of St Johns Colleton County and 
Hugh Cartwright of Charles Town bond to Gov. Glen dated 
24th. May 1744. Licence to Rev. Samuel Quincey to marry 
Thomas Eden and Mary Stanyarn widow. 
Signed by Thomas Iten [sic] and Isaac Cartwright. 

Charles Pinckney Esq. bond to Gov. Glen, dated 25th. May 
1744. Licence to Rev. William Guy to marry Charles Pinckney 
and Elizabeth Lucas Spinster. 
Signed C. Pinckney. 

Rene Peyre of the Parish of St James Santee Craven County 
bond to Gov. Glen dated 26th. May 1744. Licence to Rev. 
Daniel Dwight to marry Rene Peyre and Floride Bonneau. 
Signed by Rene Peyre. 

James Rogers of Queensborough Township and John Ray of 
St Phillips CharlesTown bond to Gov. Glen dated 31st. May 
1744. Licence to Rev. Alex. Garden to marry James Rogers and 
Ann Edwards Spinster. 
Signed by James Rogers and John Rae. 

John Rambert of St James Santee and Isaac Rembert of the 
same Parish bond to Gov. Glen dated 2nd. June 1744. Licence 
to Rev. Thomas Hasell to marry John Rembert and Martha 
Prichard Spinster. 
Signed John Rembert and Isaac Rembert. 

John Clark of St James Santee and William Buchannon of 
Prince George's Parish bond to Gov. Glen dated 6th. June 1744, 
License to Rev. Levi Durand to marry John Clark and Mary 
Collins, Spinster. 
Signed by John Clark and Wm. Buchannan. 

Stephen Miller and Walter Dunbar both of the Province of 
South Carohna, bond to Gov. Glen dated 6th. June 1744. Li- 
cence to Rev. Levi Durand to marry Stephen Miller and Eliza- 
beth Mary Vanderhorst widow. 
Signed by Stephen Miller and Walter Dunbar. 

John Rowett of Charles Town and WiUiam Glen of the same 
place, bond to Gov. Glen dated 6th. June 1744. Licence to Rev. 
Alex. Garden to marry John Rowett and Mary Hall Spinster. 
Signed by John Rowett and William Glen. 


Francis Farquharson of the Parish of Prince George Winyah 
and John Craft of the Parish of St PhiUipp Charles Town, bond to 
Gov. Glen dated 8th. June 1744. Licence to Rev. John Fordyce 
to marry Francis Farquharson and Deborah Franks Spinster, 
Signed by ffrancis ffarquharson and John Croft. 

Thomas Williams of St Pauls Parish and John Williams of the 
same place, bond to Gov. Glen dated 9th. Jun 1744. Licence to 
Rev. William Orr to marry Thomas Williams and Elizabeth Cooke 
Signed by Thomas Williams and John Williams. 

Jacob Waight of St Johns Colleton County and Daniel Roulain 
of Charles Town, bond to Gov. Glen dated 12th. June 1744. 
Licence to Rev. Daniel Dwight to marry Jacob Waight and 
Judith Bonneau Spinster. 
Signed by Jacob Waight and Daniel Roulain. 

John Perryman of St Bartholomews Parish and Benj. Perry of 
St Pauls Parish, bond to Gov, Glen dated 12th. June 1744. Li- 
cence to Rev. William Orr to marry John Perriman and Patience 
Jones Spinster. 
Signed by John Perriman and Benj. Perry. 

{To be continued.) 


Compiled by Mabel L. Webber 

{Continued from the January number) 

Last Tuesday evening Capt. Enos Reeves, of the late Pennsyl- 
vania Line, was married to Miss Amy Legae, daughter of Mr. 
Daniel Legae Jun. of this City. — (Saturday, December 25, 1784). 

Last Thursday evening Dr. William Smith Stevens, of this city, 
was married to Miss Elizabeth Maltby, daughter of the Rev. Mr. 
Maltby, deceased, of Bermuda — (Ibid). 

The same evening Capt. Jarvis Henry Stevens, of this City, 
was married to Mrs. Susanna Sullivan, widow of the deceased 
Capt. Philip Sullivan (Ibid) 

Wednesday last died, after a long illness, Capt. John Knapp, 
of this City. (Ibid) 

Thursday the 16th instant. Major Felix Warley, of this City, 
was married to Miss Ann Tarquand, daughter of the Rev. Mr. 
Tarquand, of St. Matthew's Parish. — (Wednesday, December 29, 

Last Saturday evening Capt. Adrian Proveaux of the Second 
South-Carolina regiment, was married to Miss Jane Knowles 
Alleyn, of Barbadoes. — (Ibid). 

Last night Lieutenant Christopher Plart, of the Artillery, was 
married to Miss Elizabeth Graham of this City. (Ibid). 

This morning died Mr. Mathew Kennedy (Ibid) 

Tuesday evening Capt. Ralph M'Neil was married to Mrs. 
Martha M'Neil, widow of the deceased Capt. John M'Neil 
(Saturday, January 1st, 1785) 

Last Wednesday evening died, after three days illness, Mr 
George Cobham late of this City, Merchant, — His remains were 
decently interred last evening in St. Philips Church yard .... 

Last Sunday morning died in an advanced age, Mrs. Catharine 
Christie of this city. (Wednesday, January 5, 1785) 



Thursday evening, Mr. Thomas Singletary was married to Miss 
Mary GilHdeau. (Sat. January 8, 1785.) 

Tuesday last died on James Island, Mr. George Rivers, in the 
63d year of his age, a native of the island. The same day at 
Peedee, Mr. Benjamin Tucker, son of the late Capt. Thomas 
Tucker, of this city. (Ibid.) 

Lately died, at his seat at Fairy Hill, Cheraw, Charles Augustus 
Stewart, Esq. (Wednesday, Jan. 12, 1785). 

Last Monday evening Capt. Richard Brooke Roberts was mar- 
ried to Miss Everarda-Catharina-Sophia Van Braam Houckgeest, 
only daughter of A. E. Van Braam Houckgeest, Esq:, of this 
City. (Saturday, January 15, 1785). 

On Tuesday evening John Huger, Esq; of this City, was mar- 
ried to Mrs. Anna Cusack, widow of the deceased James Cusack, 
Esq. — (Ibid). 

And on Thursday evening Mr. John Cart was married to Miss 
Susanna Rumph, both of this city. (Ibid). 

Last week died in St. Stephen's Parish, of the sore throat, Mrs. 
Mary Porcher, amiable consort of Mr. Philip Porcher, of that 

Thursday last died at John's Island, Mr. Abraham Waight, 
of that place. (Ibid) . 

The same day and in this city, Mrs. Ann Hughes, wife of 
Mr. Henry Hughes, of Santee. 

On Saturday the 16th of October last died at Bristol, John 
Hall, Esq; father of Messrs. George and Daniel Hall of this City. — 

On Saturday, the 16th of October last, died at Bristol, John 
Hall, Esq., father of Messrs. George and Daniel Hall, of this city. 

The 2d. instant died in St. Stephen's parish, in the 70th year of 
his age, John Palmer, Sen. Esq. — (Wed., Jan. 19, 1785) 

Married.] Mr. Benjamin Postell, to Miss Maria Skirving — 
Mr. Alexander Petrie, to Mrs. Sarah Frederick. — (Sat. Jan. 22, 

Yesterday departed this life, much regretted by all who knew 
him, Thomas Hughes, Esq., Merchant, and one of the Wardens of 
this City — His remains were decently interred this evening in 
the Independent Church yard, attended by a number of re- 
spectable citizens. — (Ibid.) 


On Tuesday the 18th instant, was married at the Congarees, 
Major John Compty, of the Continental hne, to Miss Elizabeth 
Rugorck. (Wed. Jan. 26, 1785) 

Last Sunday morning died in the bloom of life, . . . Mrs. 
Elizabeth Hutchinson, the amiable consort of Mr. Jeremiah 
Hutchinson, of this city. 

On the same day died at Cainhoy, Mrs. Keziah M 'Knight, wife 
of Mr. James M'Knight, of Prince Frederick's Parish. — (Ibid.) 

Monday last died in this city, Mr. David Holmes, of John's 
Island. (Ibid). 

Last Thursday Mr. Joseph Gibbes of John's Island, was mar- 
ried to Miss Susannah Guerin. — (Sat. Jan. 29, 1785.) 

Yesterday, died Mr. John Evans, late Clerk of the Markets, — 

Married,] Mr. William Basquen, Merchant, to Miss Mary-Ann 
Hyrne, of St. Bartholomew's Parish, — (Wednesday, Feb. 2, 1785.) 

Died,] Last Saturday on James Island, Mrs. Sarah Stiles, 
wife of Mr. Benjamin Stiles, of said Island. (Ibid.) 

Thursday evening Mr. Thomas Townsend, of Edisto, was married 
to the amiable Miss Mary Robinson, eldest daughter of the 
deceased Mr. John Robinson, of this City — (Sat. Feb. 5, 1785.) 

A few days ago Mr. Joseph Dulles, Merchant, was married to 
the agreeable Miss Sophia Heathy, daughter of William Heathy 
Esq. of Amelia Township — (Ibid.). 

Lately died, Mr. Francis Smith, of Chehaw — (Ibid). 

Wednesday night died, after a lingering illness, in the 66th 
year of her age, Mrs. Frances Hopkins, widow of the deceased 
Mr. Samuel Hopkins, of this City, — Her remains were decently 
interred last evening in the Independent Church yard. — (Ibid). 

Last night died, Capt. David Spence, of the Schooner Bar- 
bados, lately arrived from Barbados. — (Ibid.) 

Mr. Edward Legge, formerly of Ashley Ferry, died lately at 
Nassau in New Providence — (Ibid.) 

Sunday morning died, after a few hours illness, John Hall, 
Esq., Register of the Court of Admiralty. — (Wednesday, Febru- 
ary 9, 1785) 

Lately died in St. John's, East Florida, Mrs. Grissel Russell, 
wife of Mr. William Russell, formerly of this City. — Ibid. 

This morning died Miss Anne Farr, daughter of Tho. Farr, 
Esq., of this City.— (Ibid.) 


Savannah, Jan. 20. Married.] Last Sunday, Col. James 
Jackson to Miss Polly Young, daughter of the Hon. William 
Young Esq. deceased. — On Monday, Mr. Isaac Fell, to Miss 
Betsy Shick, daughter of John Shick, Esq. Tuesday evening, 
Dr. George Jones, Son of the Hon. Noble- Wimberly Jones Esq. 
to the most amiable Miss Mary Gibbons, daughter of the late 
William Gibbons Esq. . . . Same evening, Mr. Justus Hart- 
man Scheuber to Mrs. Priscilla Camphor. 

Died.] Mrs, Mary Langley, wife of Mr. Nathaniel Langley. 
(Sat. Feb. 12 1785.) 

Last Night died, after a few hours illness, much lamented by his 
family and friends, Elias Horry, Esq., of this City. (Ibid.) 

This forenoon died Miss Margaret Cook, only child of Mr. 
James Cook, of this City, Carpenter — (Ibid) 

Last week died on Edisto Island, Mrs. Martha Jenkins, wife of 
Mr. Joseph Jenkins, of Said Island. — (Wednesday, Feb. 16, 

Thursday evening Mr. Simon Kingston lately from London, 
was married to Miss Margaret Hatfield, eldest daughter of Mr. 
John Hatfield, of this City.— (Saturday Feb. 19, 1785) 

This forenoon died, after a long illness, Mr. William Cameron, 
of this City, Cooper, (Ibid.) 

Yesterday morning died, after a long and painful illness which 
she endured with Christian patience and resignation, Mrs. Mary 
garet-Amelia Fogartie, of St. Thomas's Parish and daughter of 
the late Rev. Alexander Garden, deceased. — (Wednesday Feb. 23, 

Last week died Miss Elizabeth Dill, daughter of Mr. Joseph, 
Dill, of this City. (Ibid.) 

Died, Mrs. Kelsey, wife of William Kelsey, of this City. (Sat- 
urday, Feb. 26, 1785) 

Last Sunday after noon died, after a long illness ... in 
the 29th year of his age. James Sharp, Esq., late Clerk of the 
Senate — . . . On Monday his remains were decently in- 
terred in St. Michael's Church-yard. . . . (Wed. March 2, 

Last Sunday, was married at Beaufort, the Rev. Mr. Stephen 
Lewis, to the amiable Miss Polly Green, daughter of Mr. Daniel 
John Green, Merchant, of that place. (Sat. March 5, 1785) 


Died.] At Santee, in the bloom of life, Mrs. Elizabeth Glover, 
wife of Joseph Glover, Esquire. — At Willtown, Richard Park 
Stobo, Esquire. (Saturday March 12, 1785)^ 

Married.] At St. Helena, Thomas Ladson, Esq., to the ami- 
able Miss Betsy Capers, daughter of Charles Capers Esq; the 
Same place. — In this City, Mr, William Serjeant, to Mrs. Mary 
Hamilton. — Mr. Peter- Joseph Moore, to Miss Susanna Delatour. 

Died.] At St. Helena, much lamented, Mrs. Sarah Reynolds, 
wife of Mr. Benjamin Reynolds of Said Island — At Goose creek, 
Mr. William Wood, of that place. (Wednesday, Mar. 16, 1785) 

Died.] Mr. Thomas Cannon, of this City, after a short illness. 
(Saturday March, 19, 1785) 

Married.] At Annapolis, the Honorable John F. Mercer, Esq; 
a delegate in Congress from the State of Virginia, to Miss Sprigg, 
daughter of Richard Sprigg, Esq; of that place. "In this City, 
Mr. Henry Timrod, Taylor, to the amiable Miss Susanna Hargan, 
late of the City of Philadelphia. 

Died.] At Alexandria, in Virginia in the 69th year of his age, 
William Ramsay Esquire of that place. — In Philadelphia, the 
Honorable Joseph Reed, Esquire, late President of that Common- 
wealth. — In Savannah, Mrs. Wall, of South Carolina. — (Wed- 
nesday March 23, 1785) 

Died.] In this City, Mr. Moses Bonneau. — Capt. John Maxey. 
—(Saturday, March 26, 1785.) 

Married.] Yesterday at Parker's Ferry, Mr. Francis Fawson, 
of this City, to Miss Nancy Croskeys, daughter of Mr. John 
Croskeys of that place. 

Died.] On Sunday the 20th February, at Winns borough, in 
the bloom of life, Mrs. Sarah Baker, the amiable consort of 
Thomas Baker, Esq., one of the members of the House of Repre- 
sentatives for that place. — (Wednesday, Mar. 30, 1785.) 

Married.] Mr, Robert Pillans, School-master, to Miss Ann 
Clark. — Mr. Seth Lothrop, Grocer, to Mrs. Sarah Weyman, 
Widow of the deceased Mr. Robert Weyman. — Mr. James Allison, 
Cooper to Miss Elizabeth Augeton. 

Died.] Mrs. Patience Sloman, wife of Mr. John Sloman, Taylor, 
(Saturday, April 2, 1785.) 

^ With this issue the name changes to the S. C. Gazette and Public Advertiser. 


Yesterday morning, William Williamson, Esq; of Stono, was 
married to Mrs. Elizabeth Walton of this city. (Sat. April 9, 1785.) 

Thursday last Mr. John Hutchinson, of Dorchester, was mar- 
ried to Miss Esther Perdriau, of this City. (Saturday April 9, 1785) 

Married.] Mr. John Hart, Merchant, to Miss Dorcas M'- 
Leod, daughter of the Rev. Mr. M'Leod, deceased. — Mr. James 
Verlin Goodwyn, of the American Company of Comedians, to 
Miss Sally Townsend. — Mr. Elia Huggins, of Christ Church 
Parish, to Miss Hester Bonnoste, of the same place. (Wednes- 
day, April. 13, 1785.) 

Married.] Last Thursday night, John Vanderhorst, Esq., 
Secretary of this State, to Miss Dorothy Waring, daughter of 
Thomas Waring, Esq., of this City. — Mr. Greenberry Hughes, 
Printer, to Miss Abigail Muncreef, daughter of Mr. John Mun- 
creef, Carpenter. 

Died.] At Ninety-Six, Mrs. King, wife of Mr. Benjamin King, 
formerly of this City. (Saturday, April 15, 1785.) 

Married.] Mr. Benjamin Stiles, of James Island, to Miss Jane 
Scott, of the Same place. 

Died.] At Stono, after a short illness, Mrs. Elizabeth Emms, a 
native of this State, aged 87 years. — In St. Stephen's Parish, Mr. 
Samuel Peyre, — In this City, Miss Nancy Simons, eldest daughter 
of Mr. Keating Simons, Merchant. 

Last night died, very suddenly Mr. William Print, of this City. 
(Saturday, April 23, 1785) 

We are happy to inform the Public, that the death of Miss 
Nancy Simmons, as mentioned in our last, is premature. (Wed- 
nesday, April 27, 1785) 

Married.] Mr. John Frierson, of St. Mark's Parish, to Miss 
Nancy Bainster. — Dr. William Remington, to Miss Nancy Watts. 
(Saturday, April 30, 1785.) 

Sunday evening last Gabriel Manigault, Esq; (son of the Hon. 
Peter Manigault, Esq. deceased) was married to the amiable 
Miss Margaret Izard, daughter of Ralph Izard Esq; of this City. 
Wednesday, May 4, 1785) 

Married.] In this City, Mr. William Magee to Miss Elizabeth 
Harrys. — A few days ago in Georgetown, Mr. James Taylor, to 
Miss Mary Mann, of that town. 

Died.] In this City, Mrs. Sarah Knox, (Saturday May 7, 1785) 


Married.] Mr. William Smith, of New York, to Miss Eliza 
Milligan, daughter of the deceased Dr. John Milligan. — William 
Parsons, Esq; late Captain of the fifth Continental Regiment of 
the South-Carolina line, to Mrs. Mary Wardrop. 

Died.] Suddenly, last Saturday, at Dorchester, Mrs. Catherine 
Joor, widow of the deceased John Joor, Esq; much lamented. 
(Wednesday, May 11, 1785) 

Died.] After a long illness, John Bay Esq; of this City. — 
In an advanced age, Mrs. Mary Dupee. (Saturday: May 14, 1785) 

Last Saturday evening was married in this City, Mr. Thompson 
Whitehouse to Miss Catherine Marion, daughter of the deceased 
Benjamin Marion Esq. of St. Thomas's Praish. 

The same evening, Mr. Richard Ellis at the Quarter-House, 
was married to Miss Polly Snell. 

A few days ago was married at Sunbury in Georgia, Mr. Alex- 
ander MTver, formerly of this City, Merchant to Miss Elizabeth 
Munroe, daughter of Simon Munroe Esq; of that place. 

On Sunday morning departed this fleeting life, after an illness 
of only two days, Mrs. Mary-Ann Stone, of this City, in the 
46 year of her age — . . . Her Sudden call is particularly 
to be lamented, when we reflect that she has left a venerable aged 
Mother, and four orphans, dependent upon the Charity of this 
transitory world. 

Monday evening died, Mrs. Margaret Logan, the amiable con- 
sort of William Logan Esq; of this City — . . . Her remains 
are to be interred this evening in the family vault in St. Philip's 
Church Yard.— (Wednesday May 18, 1785) 

Yesterday morning died; Mrs. Mary Smith wife of Mr. Peter 
Smith, Carpenter, of this City. 

This afternoon died, suddenly, Mr. William Clancy, Saddler, of 
this City— (Saturday, May 21, 1785) 

Married.] Mr. Michael Jenkins, of Edisto Island, to Miss 
Margaret Meggett, daughter of Mr. William Meggett of same 
place. — Mr. John Fickling, of St. Paul's Parish to Miss Provi- 
dence Eddings of Edisto Island, (Wednesday, May 25, 1785) 

Married.] Dr. John Poyas, to Miss Katherine Smith, daughter 
of the deceased Henry Smith, Esq. of Goose-Creek. — Mr. Duncan 
McRa, to Mrs. Steward, widow of the deceased Charles-Augustus 
Steward Esq; of Cheraws. — (Saturday, May 28, 1785) 


Mr. Timothy O'Bryen, a native of Ireland died on the 31st. of 
December last, in Effingham County, State of Georgia, aged 114 
years, 80 of which he had lived in America. He retained his 
sight & his senses, without being the least impaired, to his last 

Monday last died, much regretted, by all who knew her, Mrs. 
Margaret Philps, widow of the deceased Robert Philps Esq, of 
this City. (Wednesday June 1, 1785) 

Thursday last was married in Christ Church Parish, Mr. Wil- 
liam Cleiland, to Miss Hester Maybank, daughter of the de- 
ceased Joseph Maybank Esq. (Saturday June 4, 1785) 

Yesterday died, very suddenly, Mr. Joseph Parker of this City, 

Sunday morning died Mrs. Martha Watson, of this City. 

Married,] Capt. William Minott, of this City, to Miss Dorcas 
Rivers, daughter of the deceased Mr. Nehemiah Rivers. Mr. 
Robert Rivers, of James Island, to Miss Jane Taylor. Mr. 
Thomas Whithenberry, of the Ship Catherine, of Bristol, to Miss 
Anne Nicholson. (Wednesday. June 8, 1785) 

Married.] Last Thursday evening, Mr, John Grant, Sadler, to 
Mrs. Mary Cameron, widow of the deceased Mr. William Cam- 
eron, Cooper, of this City. — Mr. Thomas Hamlin, of Christ 
Church Parish, to Miss Sarah Wingood. 

Died.] After a short illness, Thomas Ladson, Esq; represen- 
tative for the parish of St. Bartholomew. (Saturday June 11, 

Married.] Mr. George Gordon, to Miss Anne Olyphant. 

Died.] Much lamented by all who knew her, in the bloom of 
life, Mrs. Elizabeth Horry, widow of the deceased Elias Horry, 
Esq; of this City. — Mr. Thomas Fell, Taylor. — Mrs. Clements. — 
Miss Elizabeth-Martha McCall, daughter of John M'Call, jun 
Esq. — Master Richard PhilHps, Son of Capt William Phillips. 
(Wednesday, June 15, 1785.) 

Savannah, June 2. . . . Last Sunday was married, Samuel 
Stirk, Esq, Attorney General of this State, to Miss Betsy Cuth- 
bert, daughter of Dr. James Cuthbert. (Ibid) 

Died.] Lately at Rhode Island, Mrs. Gough, wife of John 
Gough Esq.; of this State. — In this City, Mrs. Thankful Moore, 
widow of the deceased Capt. John Moore. (Saturday, June 18, 


Died.] The only Son of the Hon. Hugh Rutledge, Esq. — 
Bennet Grafton, Esq; of Ninety-Six District. — Mr. Wilham 
Nicoll Saddler.— Mr. Leigh. (Wednesday, June 22, 1785) 

Married.] Mr. Robert Struthers, to Miss Susannah Scriv- 
enger. (Saturday June 25, 1785. 

Married.] In North Carohna, Mr. John Mackenzie, to Miss 
Elizabeth Heron, youngest daughter of the Hon. Benjamin Heron 
Esq; of that State deceased. — At Savannah, Robert Watkins, 
Esq; to Miss Elizabeth-Martha Walton, only daughter of Hon. 
John Walton Esq. deceased. 

Died.] On Sunday morning last, in this city, occasioned by a 
kick which he received from his horse the day before Mr. Thomas 
Wood, Deputy-Sheriff for Beaufort district. (Wednesday, June 
29, 1785) 

Last Monday and in the bloom of life, Mrs Ann Mazyck, the 
amiable Consort of Mr. Stephen Mazyck, of Goosecreek, and 
daughter of Mr. Walter Easton of Newport Rhode Island. 

Thursday last, died, after a short illness, John M'Call, sen, 
Esq.; aged 86. — It may be truly said of this respectable gentle- 
man, that he departed this life full of years & honor, having in 
his life long supported himself with an integrity that is well 
worthy of imitation. His numerous relations and friends will 
severely feel and lament the loss of a man, who has left an awful 
lesson, that the most perfect philanthropy, a heart animated by 
the most generous feelings, the most gentle and pleasing demeanor, 
are not given to endure, but must yield indifferently to the tri- 
umph of death over human nature. — His remains were last eve- 
ning respectfully conveyed into the family vault in St. Philip's 
Church-yard, attended by a train of respectable Citizens. (Sat- 
urday July 2, 1785. 

Yesterday morning, John Barney, a labouring man, being 
greatly over heated called for a drink of water, of which drinking 
too profusely, he instantly expired. 

Last Evening the Reverend Mr. Thomas Hill was married to 
the amiable Miss Jane Wells, of this City. (Wednesday, July 6, 

Died.] In the State of Georgia, Mr. Samuel Bonsell, Son of 
Mr. Samuel Bonsell, sen. of this City. — At Beaufort, Barnard 
Elliott Esq.; late a Captain in the Continental Line. — At Nassau, 


New-Providence, Capt. Peter Beachop, formerly of St. Augustine 
— In this City, William Allston Gibbes, only child of William — 
Hazell Gibbes Esq. — Saturday July 9, 1785.) 

[Died.] At Falmouth, (England) in April last, Mrs. Catherine 
Clark, consort of Capt. Arthur Clark, and daughter of the de- 
ceased George Ingles, Esq., formerly an eminent merchant of this 
City. — On Sunday last, after a short illness. Miss Ann Jacks, 
daughter of Mr. James Jacks, Watchmaker of this City. 

***The report of the death of Capt. Barnard Elliott at Beau- 
fort as mentioned in our last is premature. — (Tuesday, July 12, 

Married.] Mr. Joseph Jenkins of Edisto, to Miss Elizabeth 
Evans, daughter of Mr. John Evans. — (Thursday, July 14, 1785.) 

Married.] Last Thursday evening, Mr. Stephen Mazyck (Son 
of the deceased Stephen Mazyck Esq.;) to the amiable Miss Ann. 
Wilson, Second daughter of D^ Robert Wilson, of this City. — . 
At Beaufort, Port Royal Mr. Samuel Ash, of this City, to Miss 

Hannah Deveaux, daughter of the deceased Deveaux, 

Esq.; of that place. (Saturday, July 16, 1785) 

{To he continued) 



"Alexander Gillon^ of Rotterdam married to Mary Cripps of 
Charles Town, So. Carolina July ye 6th 1766. 

Mary Gillon daughter of the above Ax and Mrs Gillon was 
born at Charles Town So. Carolina ye 25 December 1767 at 
twelve o'clock at noon. 

Mary Gillon daughter of the Above Alex, and Mary Gillon died 
in Charles Town So, Carolina, on Monday Morning 10 o'clock 19 
November 1770 within 24 hours illness of ye putrid fever & was 
buried on ye 20 Nov. 1770 in John King's vault in ye burying 
Ground opposite to ye old Church. 

Mary Gillon died at Ashley Hill on Ashley River on Wednesday 
ye 23d of October 1787 at noon, and on the 25th was interred in 
John King's Vault in St. Philip's Church yard. The disorder was 
an obstinate Billious Fever which lasted 8 days without any in- 
termission except one on the Sunday. Doctor Baur and Doctor 
Drayton at the first visit declared the Danger. 

"This just tribute due to thee 
That thy virtues have placed thy abode with that GOD whom 
thou never didst offend." 

ALEXANDER GILLON was born in Rotterdam on the Wine 
Street the North side and East end, the Second House, on Sun- 
day at one o'clock at Noon ye 13th day of August 1741, with a 
Caul (or some curiosoty) down to his Eyes. Was married to Ann 
Purcell second Daughter of the Reverend Doctor Henry Purcell 
rector of St. Michael's in Charleston, on the 10th of February 
1789, by the Rev'd Doctor Robert Smith at seven in the Evening. 
Miss Ann Purcell was born in England at Gt Warley in Essex 
on the 23d day of DecemR. 1768. and arrived here in Charleston 

with her mother Sarah Purcell on the of October 1771. 

God-fathers were Rev. Pogson Crooks; God-mothers Mrs Pogson 
and Miss La Port, has had the Hooping-cough, Small-pox and 

^ For some account of Alexander Gillon, see this Magazine, vol. IX, and X. 



Ann Purcell Gillon was born in Charleston at the S. E. Corner 
of Orange and Tradd Street^ on Wednesday May ye 5th at 27 
minutes past 8 o'clock in the evening 1790. South Wind and 
limb, but from its premature arrival was very small — but this 5th 
day of March she is very stout and strong, forebodes much sen- 
sibility, a quick discernment, much firmness and a will of her own. 
which I trust her Good sense will make her have a proper care of. 
has had the Small-pox and 1796 had the Hooping-cough — 1802 
had the Measles, 

Alexander Gillon was born in Charleston, So. Carolina, on Thurs- 
day April 9th 1795, at half after 5 o'clock in the morning. He 
was Christen'd May the 21st, 1795— Mrs. Sarah Purcell, God- 
mother; Honble, Pierce Butler and the Revd. Dr. Henry Purcell — 
God-fathers. Had the hooping cough Oct. 1796, and the small 
pox March 1797, 1802 had the Measles. 

Ann Purcell Gillon Widow of Commodore Alexander Gillon 
died at Litchfield, Connecticut 13th May 1844, of paralysis, aged 
75 years-5 months, buried in the East graveyard May 15th. 

Mary S. Brisbane'^ died Nov. 21st 1859, at Litchfield, Connec- 
ticut, aged 66 years — 4 months, buried near her mother. She 
was widow of John W. Brisbane, who died Aug. 28th 1833, at 

Alexander Gillon married to S. N. Brisbane at St. Michael's 
Church, by the Rt. Rev, Bishop Dehon 17th Octo. (Tuesday) 
1816. Of whom born Ann Maria Gillon 1 o'clock Tuesday 25th 
November 1817 in Wall Street W. of the G O. 

And S, Brisbane Gillon born at half past 9 o'clock on Saturday 
evening July the 24th 1819 in Anson Street in the City of Charles- 
ton, South Carolina. Died Oct. the 9th. 1830, in the Pine 
Land, aged 11 years and 3 months; buried at Malona. 

Alexander Gillon born August the 23d 1821, in Charleston, So. 
Carolina, on East Bay. Died in Port au Prince, Hayti, February 
25th, 1874. Married to Lise Bart 1869, leaves one child Marie. 

Brisbane Gillon born Nov. the 11th between the hours of ten 
and eleven at night 1824 in Middletown, Connecticut. 

^Probably the "Stuart" house. See Dwelling Houses of Charleston, by 
Alice R. H. Smith, and D. E. Huger Smith, also this Magazine, vol XIX, p. 

3 For Brisbane Genealogy, b}' E. H. Hillman, see this Magazine, vol. XIV. 


Brisbane Gillon died March 28th, 1825, aged 4 months and ten 
days, placed in the vault of Major Lewis, Middletown, Connt. 
March the 22d. 

Died August the 14th, 1828, Sarah N. Gillon aged 32 years 
and a few days. Died on Edisto Island on the 11th of July — 
1831, Alexander Gillon aged 36, years and 3 months — buried at 
Edisto Island, 

Ann Purcell Gillon Died at Columbia, State of So. Carolina 
July 1st, 1833 aged forty-three years and 2 months; buried at 
Malona,* Maria Brisbane's Plantation, Ashley River. 

March the 22d 1827 John W. Brisbane married to Mary Su- 
sannah Gillon at Goose Creek in the Parish of St, James's Goose 
Creek, by the Revd. Mr. HankilP — rector of St. Paul's Church, 
Charleston. Died August 28th, 1833, aged 32, John W. Brisbane 
of Charleston, S. C. buried at Malona, Ashley River, Maria Bris- 
bane's Plantation. 

Mary S. Brisbane daughter of M. S, & John W. Brisbane was 
born in Charleston, S. C. June 14th — 1828, Had Whooping-cough, 
Measles, and Vaccine, 

Maria Hall Brisbane daughter of M. S, & J. W. Brisbane was 
born in Charleston, S. C. June 14th — 1831, had Whooping-cough, 
Measles, and Vaccine, severely May 1843 — Litchfield. 

June 3d 1847, G. H. HoUister of Litchfield, Connt. married to 
Mary S. Brisbane of Charleston, S. C. in St. Michael's Church, 
Litchfield, by the Rev. Dr. Fuller. 

Gertrude daughter of Mary S, & G. H, Hollister born 18th of 
May 1848, Litchfield, Conn., died Sept. 13th, 1849, age 16 months. 
Interred East Burying Ground. 

Abbott Brisbane Son Mary S, & G, H. HoUister born August 5th, 
1850 — ^ Vaccine-Measles. Robert Treate, born March 25th, 1856, 
Son Mary S, & G, N. Holloister, Litchfield, Conn. 

John Brisbane Hollister born June 19th 1860, in Litchfield. 

Abbott Brisbane Hollister died in Milwaukee, June 24th, 1859. 
Buried in Litchfield, April, 1860. 

Robert Treate Hollister, son of G. H. & M. S. HoUister died 
January 24th — 1866, in Litchfield. 

*See pp. 45-47 (Jan. 1918). 
* Rev. Christian Hanckel, D.D. 


Gideon H. HoUister died in Litchfield, March 24th— 1881; born 
in Washington, Conn. Dec. 14th— 1817. 

Maria H. Brisbane daughter of Mary S, & John W. Brisbane 
South Carolina, married July 15th 1851, to Frederick D, Beeman 
Esq, Litchfield Connecticut. 

Allen Everett Son Maria H. & Frederick D. Beeman born 
August 4th, 1855 in Litchfield, Conn. Baptized October at St. 
Michael's — WiHiam Brisbane — G. H. HoUister — God-fathers; 
Mary S. Brisbane — God-mother. Had Measles and been vacci- 

Susan Gillon daughter of Maria H. & Frederick D. Beeman 
born Nov. 6th 1858, in Litchfield, Conn. Baptized April 10th, 
1859. Died May 8th, 1860. aged 18 months in Litchfield, Conn. 

Frederick D. Beeman died August 4th, 1860. in Litchfield. 
Conn. Aged 39 years and 7 months. 

Maria Hall Brisbane Beeman died Jan. 17th, 1863, aged 31 
years and 7 months in Litchfield. 

Allen Everett Beeman married June 11th, 1885, to Sarah Cowles, 
only child of Dr. Charles Carrington of Farmington, Conn, in 
Congregational Church in Farmington, ceremony performed by 
Bishop John Williams. 

Charles Carrington Beeman, born to Sarah C. & Allen E. 
Beeman on August 16th, 1886, (Monday Evening at 8 o'clock) 
at Farmington Conn. Baptized Nov. 14th, 1886 by Bishop 
John Williams in St. James's Chapel, Farmington, Conn. 

The following is apparently in Alexander Gillon 's own hand 
"This Bible was given to Alexander Gillon by Mrs Mary Gillon 
his Mother at Rotterdam ye of November 1766. 

who died at Rotterdam on the 5th day of January 1772 with the 
cancer in her breast calmly resigned to the call of that GOD 
she so much adored — And was interred with my dear father in the 
Church on the Glass Hauser, who died ye 17 of Sept 1761 — aged 
72 and my mother aged 69. 

My affectionate sister Susannah Gillon married to Peter 

Hoderpyl of Rotterdam died on 3'e 17 see her will, 

the legacies she left me, all of which I requested her husband to 
offer to her two nieces Hartleys except the very large China bowl 

she Presented me with — thus in the y of her age died my 

beloved sister and now am I the only child of sixteen left." 


Mary Susannah Gillon was born in Charleston So. Carolina on 
Monday the eighth day of July 1793 at Two o'clock in the Morn- 
ing I arriving from Gillon's Retreat on the Evening following. 
Had the Hooping cough Oct, 1796, and the Small pox March 
1797 and Measles. 

ALEXANDER GH^LON died at Gillon's Retreat on Congaree 
River on Monday the 6th of October 1794, and was interred in the 
same place on Wenesday the 8th. His disorders were the Gout 
in his head, and stomac, with a contagious fever which lasted 
only eight days. His age 53 years and near 2 months. 

27 years Member of the German Friendly Society, Charleston, 
S. C. 

The Rev. Henry Purcell of Brentwood was married at Great 
Varley in Essex to Sarah Wood of Navestock the 1st of May 
1766, by the Rev. DavM Jones — Witness the Rev. Christopher 

Sarah — daughter of the Rev, H. Purcell and Sarah his wife was 
born 11th of April 1767, at Great Varley in Essex. 

Ann — daughter of the above H, & S. Purcell wa3 born the 23d 
of Dec. 1768, at Great Varley in Esse. 

Henry — son of the above H. & S. P — 11, wats born the 23d of 
April 1770, at Great Warley in Esse — died in Charleston, S. C. 
April 1819 — interred in the Churchyard — St. Michael's. 

Jane Pogson — daughter of the above H, & S. P — 11 was born at 
St. Philip's, Charleston So. Carolina — July the 26th, 1772. 

Elizabeth Smith — daughter of the above H. & S. P — U, was 
born the 29th, of Sept, 1773. and died April the 14th, 1792— 
interred in St. Michael's Church yard. 

Mrs. Sarah Purcell of Navestock died July the 24th, 1792 and 
was interred in the Churchyard of St. Michael's, Charleston, S. C. 

The Revd. Dr. H. Purcell Died March the 24th, 1802. was in- 
terred in the Church yard of St. Michael's on the 25th. Aged 
62 years 11 months, and nine days. Had been rector of said 
Parish twenty years. 

Jane Pogson White died Jan the 13th, 1803, and was interred in 
the Churchyard of St. Michael's on the 14th. Aged 30 years — 
5 months — and 18 days. Her daughter Jane P. White died in 
Philadelphia 21st. Sept. 1823. aged 22 years. Interred in Phila- 
delphia 23d of Sept. 


The above pages are a true copy of the original entries in 
Alexander Gillon's Bible now (1916) in my possession. 

Allen E. Beeman, 
Fairfield, Conn., Jan. 6, 1916. 


As to South Carolina's purchase of the patent to Eli Whitney's 
cotton gin so that it might be free to the use of all citizens of the 
state there have been some interesting and conflicting statements. 
Ramsey in the History of South Carolina simply asserts that the 
legislature appropriated $50,000.00 for the purchase of the patent. 
In Mill's Statistics of South Carolina is to be found a similar state- 
ment. On the other hand, McMaster contends that the state 
basely repudiated its contract. In Channing's recently published 
fourth volume no positive opinion is expressed at all. 

An investigation of sources will produce some interesting inforj 
mation. In the Journals of the Senate of South Carolina for 1801 
we find that on Dec. 1 and Dec. 7 respectively (pp. 63 and 111) 
petitions were presented from "Sundry Inhabitants" of Richland 
and Hershaw Districts praying that " the patent right to making, 
using, and vending of cotton gin" be purchased so that the same 
might be free to citizens of the state. These were both agreed to. 
Then on Dec. 19 a bill was passed (Cooper's Statutes of S. C, 
vol. 5, p. 427), providing that $50,000.00 should be paid to Miller 
and Whitney for their patent — $20,000.00 to be paid down at once 
and the rest in instalments of $10,000.00 each on Sept. 1, 1802, 
Sept, 1, 1803, and Oct, 1, 1804. 

Later we find an act passed on Dec. 17, 1803 (Statutes of S. 
C„ vol. 5, p. 472), by which the Comptroller was authorized to 
suspend or recall ''the payment of his warrant for any appro- 
priations heretofore made for the payments due or to become due 
to Miller and Whitney, any law to the contrary notwithstanding, 
until the event of existing disputes between the State and the 
said Miller and Whitney is concluded." Nothing further on the 
subject is to be found in the statute books. 

However, new light is thrown on the subject by the Journals of 
the House of Representatives for 1804. We find in these (p. 216) 
that a joint report was made on Dec. 18 by a committee of both 


houses on a memorial by Eli Whitney. Also a resolution of the 
legislature directing a suit to be brought against Miller and Whitney 
was framed. The joint report recommended that this suit should 
be discontinued, to which the house agreed by 55 ayes to 32 
noes. Report and resolution were then both sent to the Senate. 

The next day, Dec. 19 (p. 232), a House Committee report, 
concurred in by the Senate, was submitted. This set forth that 
Miller and Whitney had tried to refund money paid them by vari- 
ous citizens of the state before its purchase of the patent, but 
that the task was difficult. The committee felt that this money 
should be deposited with the Comptroller General to give back. 
It also recommended that the models offered by Whitney should 
be accepted by the State in satisfaction of the contract between 
them, and that the suit already begun against Miller and Whit- 
ney should be discontinued. The committee declared its belief 
that Whitney was the true inventor of the gin but urged that he 
be required to give bonds to indemnify any citizen against claims 
of others to the invention before the last payment was made to 

It then becomes clear that a difficulty arose between Whitney 
and the state authorities and that payments to him were stopped 
and also a lawsuit commenced. However, that House Committee 
report of Dec. 19, 1804, would indicate that part, probably 
$40,000.00, of the original appropriation had already been paid 
over and that the rest would in course of time follow. 

D. HuGER Bacot, Jr. 

Temple University, 


Sir John Yeamans was appointed Governor of the Province of 
Carolina by the Lords Proprietors and assumed office 19*^*^ April 
1672. He served for some time, but seems to have "lost out" 
with the Lords Proprietors because of his championship of the 
infant settlement, and his urgency that greater support should be 
extended, and larger supplies sent to it, than the Proprietors 
who were more impatient for returns than desirous of further ex- 
penditures, were willing to accede to. On 18 May 1674 a letter 
was addressed by the Lords Proprietors to the Council in Caro- 


Una. The copy of this letter now extant has the names of the 
persons to whom addressed not inserted, but the contents show that 
it must have been intended for the Grand Council as a whole or 
to the Proprietor's Deputies who were also members of the Coun- 
cil. In this letter it is stated that they enclosed a patent to M"" 
West to be Landgrave and a Commission to him to be Governor; 
and give their reasons for appointing West Governor in the place 
of Governor Yeamans.^ When this letter was actually dispatched 
does not appear. Sailings in those days were uncertain. Com- 
munications hfid to await a ship for Charles Town. The duration 
of the voyage was equally uncertain. The copy we have may 
have been only the draft of a proposed letter which was not actu- 
ally dispatched for some time. At any rate it does not seem to 
have been received in Charles Town prior to the death of Gov- 
ernor Yeamans. 

The extant minutes of the Grand Council show that at a meet- 
ing held 25**^ July 1674 there was present "The Governor" with the 
others. This Governor was beyond doubt Sir John Yeamans for 
among the rest of the Council mentioned as present was ''Coll: 
Joseph: West," separately and apart from the Governor. 

The minutes of the next meeting on S""^ August 1674 mentions 
"p'^sent ut supra" i.e. the same persons who were present at the 
meeting of 25 July. 

The next meeting mentioned is on 13*"^ August 1674 when there 
is mentioned as present no Governor, but Coll: Joseph West and 
the others (each named) forming the Council. The minutes then 
proceed; "At a meeting of the Councill this day for the establish- 
ing of affaires after the decease of S"^: John: Yeamans late Gov- 
erno'': of this province the Councill (Nemine contradicente) have 
and doe Nominate Coll: Joseph: West to be Governo"': of this 
province to all intents and purposes and as fully and amply as 
the Lords proprieto": by their Commission to the said S'^: John 
Yeamans bearing date the XX VI*^: day of December one 
thousand six hundred seaventy and one."^ From which it ap- 
pears that the letter of 18 May 1674 had not on the 13^^ August 

1 Calendar of State Papers Am: & West Ind:, vol. for 1669-1674, p. 578. 
ColF^. Hist: Soc: of S. C, vol. 1, p. 99. 

- Journal of Grand Council 1671-1680, printed by Hist: Com"' of S. C, pp 


1674 been received in Carolina and that S'' John Yeamans must 
have died between 3^'^ and 13*^^ August 1674; and died in the 
province for as Governor he could not have left the province, 
and the time was too brief to have permitted a departure. 

Now for the error. 

D' Alexander Hewatt whose Historical Account of South Caro- 
lina was published in 1779 says 

"About the year 1674 Sir John Yeamans being reduced to a 
feeble and sickly condition by the warm climate and his inde- 
fatigable labours for the success of the settlement, returned to 
Barbados, where he died."^ 

Hewatt had resided for many years in Charles Town as the 
Minister for the congregation known as the Scotch Presbyterians. 
Hi^ work is the first general account published of the history of the 
Province from its settlement but has been established to be full 
of errors and omissions. It appears to beJ written mainly from tra- 
ditional accounts given to him. He does not seem to have re- 
sorted much to records — and it is possible he did not have access 
to many of them. At any rate writing from traditions given to 
him his account of the distant and early years of the settlement 
are necessarily vague and uncertain. Dr. David Ramsay the 
next Historian, who was as to the early history of the settlement 
a mere compiler who followed Hewatt blindly, says that Sir John 
Yeamans "left the colony."^ 

W™ Gilmore Simms whose history was published in 1840 says. 
"This duty done Sir John abandoned the colony and went to 
Barbadoes where he died."* 

That Ramsay and Simms who were mere compilers should 
have repeated Hewatt's error is not unnatural but we come next 
to an investigator of a very different stamp. Prof. W. J. Rivers 
a careful and earnest investigator who published in 1856 his 
"Sketch of the History of South Carolina" and who actually knew 
of and used the minutes of the Grand Council; states 

"Sir John Yeamans had previously retired in feeble health 
to Barbados where he died in August."^ 

3 Carroll's Coll»% vol. 1, p. 70. 

* Ramsay, Hist: of S. C, vol. 1, p. 34. 

• Simms Hist, of S. C, Ed. of 1860, p. 61. 
^VAwers Sketch,^, in. 


The late General Edward McCrady in his history follows 
Rivers in the same statement and cites him as his authority.'^ 

The writer has been no little curious to guess what led Hewatt 
to make the original error. Some distorted or misunderstood 
reminiscence that no doubt was given to him. The whole repe- 
tition of it down the line of historical writers well illustrates what 
the present writer has several times had occasion to call attention 
to, viz : that once an error or misstatement gets into print it seems 
almost impossible to expunge it from the page so as to prevent 
repetition. The first person to call attention to the error was 
the Editor of the Shaftsbury Papers (Mr. Langdon Cheves)^ by 
his suggestion that the minutes of the Grand Council seemed to 
contradict the received statement. 

Another error somewhat touching Sir John Yeamans has been 
as to whom his widow married after his death. Sir John Yeamans 
married as his second wife Margaret, said to have been a daughter 
of the Rev: John Foster of Barbados, and at the time of her mar- 
riage to Sir John the widow of Lt Col Jehu Berringer of Barbados.' 
She accompanied or followed Sir John to Carolina and was there 
as early as March 1672/3.^° She apparently continued there after 
his death for on 5*^ Sepf 1674 a warrant was issued to lay out to 
her 1070 acres of land in her own right," which was followed by a 
grant of the land to her on the 9*^"^ February 1674; and she ap- 
parently had prior to the 15 February 1674/5 been appointed 
administratrix of the estate of Sir John Yeamans in Carolina^^ 
Sir John's Will which he seems to have left in Barbados was not 
probated there until P* Deer 1674, on which day the executor 
named in the will, his son Sir William Yeamans qualified as 
Executor, and a copy of the will was probated in Carolina not 
until 14 Sept^ 1675.^^ By April 1677 she had married Cap* Wil- 
liam Walley^* and apparently returned with him to Barbados. 

^ Hist: of S. C. Under the Proprietary Government, p. 173. 

8 Co//"' of Hist: Soc: of S. C, vol. 5, p. 452. 

9 S. C. Hist: &• Gen: Mag:, vol. XI, p. 117. 

10 Printed Journal of Grand Council 1671-1680, p. 56. 

11 Printed Warrants 1672-1679, p. 82. 

1^ Printed Journal of Grand Council 1671-1680, p. 74. 
13 S. C. Hist. &- Gen. Mag., vol. XI, pp. 115, 112. 
1^ Printed Journal of Grand Council 1671-1680, p. 81. 


The error referred to is that it has been widely supposed (owing 
to a conjectured ambiguity in the language of the Council minutes 
of 28 April 1677) that she married James Moore, afterwards for a 
short period Governor of Carolina.'^ This inference however 
was never accepted by all and has now thanks to additional records 
procured from Barbados by Mr. M. Alston Read the author of the 
Article on Sir John Yeamans in a former number of this Maga- 
zine^^ been decisively refuted, and it has been established that 
Governor James Moore married Margaret Berringer the daughter 
of Lady Margaret Yeamans by Lt. Col. Berringer, and that Lady 
Margaret Yeamans after her second husband's death married 
William Walley. Whether she married Walley here or in Bar- 
badoes does not appear. A warrant was issued 3 June 1678 to 
lay out a town lot in Charles Town to William Walley "Esq'^"^'^ 
and another warrant for land 2 May 1681 also to William Walley 
"Esq"''8 A William Walley is noted in Barbadoes Sept' 6 1677^' 
and a "Captain" William Walley as Solicitor in Barbadoes on 9 
Deer 1684 exhibited articles against one Seawell;^" and is mentioned 
in Barbadoes as late as 11 May 1686, when his commission as 
Solicitor General was annulled, there being no occasion for the 
office. ^^ Whether these William Walley 's were the same person, 
and the one married by Lady Yeamans for her third husband 
cannot on these insufficient records be ascertained. 

Henry A. M. Smith. 

16 S. C. Hist. &• Gen: Mag., vol. XI, p. 118. Collections Hist: Soc: ofS. C, 
vol. 5, pp. 421, 463. 
" Vol. XI, p. 107. 

" Frinted Warrants 1672-1679, p. 164. 

" Calendar Slate Papers Am: & West Indies 1677-1680, p. 145. 
^Ubid., vol. 1681-1685, p. 747. 
^^Ihid., vol. 1685-1688, p. 187. 





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Journal of a Voyage to Charlestown in So. Carolina by 
Pelatiah Webster in 1765. Edited by Prof. T. P. Harrison, 
1898. 75c. 

The History of the Santee Canal. By Prof. F. A. Porcher. 
With an Appendix by A. S. Salley, Jr., 1903. 75c. 


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Address: South Carolina Historical Society, 

Charleston, S. C. 









OCTOBER, 1918 

Entered at the Post-office at Charleston, S. C, as 
Second-Class Matter 


Joseph W. Barnwell, Henry A. M. Smith, 

A. S. Salle Y, Jr. 

Mabel L. Webber. 


An Indian Land Grant in 1734 157 

Abstracts from Marriage Bonds of South Carolina 162 

Marriage and Death Notices from the South CaroHna Gazette 

and Public Advertiser 170 

Order Book of John Faucheraud Grimke 181 

Joseph West: Landgrave and Governor 189 

Index 195 

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South Carolina Historical Society, 

Charleston, S. C. 

The South Carolina 
Historical and Genealogical 


VOL. XIX OCTOBER, 1918 No. 4 

Copied and annotated by Mabel L. Webber 

The grant of land from the Chiefs and Headmen of the Cherokee 
nation which we are printing below, is of special interest, being 
one of the earliest on record, and has not heretofore been printed; 
nor is it noted in the text or on the map of Royce's Cherokee 

It is evidently the grant referred to by the Indian trader Ludo- 
vick Grant in his " Declaration, "^ and grew out of the troubles 
between the Traders and Cherokees in 1733 and 1734. Ludovick 
Grant states: "The Cherokees .... were obliged to 
make their Submission, and accordingly came to Charlestown for 
that purpose. The Gouvemment used them well, and purchased 
a small spot of ground from them near Toogaleu to build a Fort 

There are several references to this proposed fort in the Jour- 
nals of the General Assembly of the period;^ in a communication 
from the CouncU to Commons House, dated November 14, 1734, 
there are several allusions to a fort to be built and in the Council 
Journal for November 23, 1734, this item appears: 

"The verbal Message mentioned was to acquaint the Commons 
that the Cherokees were sent for to the Council Chamber in order 

^ Bureau of Ethnology, Fifth Annual Report. 
2 This Magazine, vol. x, p. 58. 

' Manuscript volumes in the Office of the Historical Commission of South 
Carolina, Columbia. 



to hear their last Talk, receive some presents, Sign the Deed of 
Sale for a peice of Ground by them sold in the name of their whole 
Nation for building a Fort, and at the same time to receive the 
Goods agreed on with them in Consideration of the said Sales, of 
which they were acquainted in case they thought proper to be 

This fort planned for, was evidently never built; Fort Prince 
George was built higher up on the Seneca River for the same pur- 
pose in November or December 1753.^ 

The grant covered considerable territory between the Tugaloo 
and Seneca rivers, just before they join the Savannah. Mouzon's 
map of 1775 locates a number of the towns mentioned, as does 
also "George Hunter's Map of the Cherokee Country and the 
Path thereto in 1730" (Bull. no. 4, Historical Commission of S. C). 

The South-Carolina Gazette for May 11, 1734, contains the fol- 
lowing advertisement, which seems to indicate trouble between 
the Traders and the Cherokees. 

"His Excellency the Governor having received Information 
from some Traders in the Cherokee Nation, which requires the 
mature and Immediate Consideration of the Legislature, doth 
there-fore desire the Members of His Majesty's Honourable Coun- 
cil, and those of the Assembly, punctually to meet in Charles 
Town on the 4th. Instant, as by Adjournment." 

And in the Gazette for November 2, 1734, the following appears: 

"Yesterday Morning his Excellancy being acquainted with the 
Arrival of 70 of the Lower Cherokee Indians near this Town, di- 
rected Col. Parris, Publick Treasurer of this Province, to meet 
them, who accordingly went about a Mile out of the Town, and 
understanding that they were come down to sue for Peace, the 
Trade with them having been stopt for some time, they were 
permitted to come into this Town." 

According to information furnished by Mr. F. W. Hodge, of 
the Bureau of Ethnology, it is not easy to identify the personal 
names, which seem to be badly contorted. The "Skiagunster," 
which occurs several times, is not a proper name, but a title, viz: 
Asgaya-gunster, "Venerated or Respected Man." Both town 
names and personal names are in the Lower Cherokee dialect, in 

* Copy furnished by A. S. Salley, Jr. 

' Wallace, Life of Henry La,urens, appendix, p. 503. 


which R takes the place of L. The towns represent the whole 
Cherokee territory on both sides of the mountains. 

The annexed list of correct Cherokee forms of the towns men- 
tioned is furnished by Mr. James Mooney, of the Bureau of Eth- 
nology, and most of them are to be found in the Glossary to his 
Myths of the Cherokees.^ 

Since the recorded deed from which the following is copied, is 
of its self a copy, and not the original, the possibilities for errors in 
the names are considerable. 


CAROLINA, 1732-1734 (book b.b) page 303^ 

Let it be Known and Remembered by all Men On whom the 
Sun doth shine and before whom the Rivers doth run That Wee 
Sutratchee of Tos-che-che Skiagunsta of Tuck-se-che Ustastatee 
of Ufasee, Ski-agunster of Tou-qua & Tunnasee, Skiagunsta of 
Terhashee, Conjurer of Che-ho-wee Ski-a-gunsta of Ta-ma-se, Ski- 
a-gunsta of little Teraqua, Uatastakee of Ufasee, Kiti-a-gunsta 
of Tosche-che, Scorioske of Tos-to-che, Tef-ta-he, of little Teraqua, 
Teftahee of Cun-nu-tra-hee, Scorioskee of Tuosa-shee, Ski-a- 
gunsta of Nucu-schee, Estoho-wee of Utasatee, Chow-ho-to-wee 
of No-u-hee, Scorioskee of U-co-nhee, Cunnatahee of Tamasee, 
Un-cu-na-to of Che-ho-wee, Cherokee Hage, of Ki-ho-wee, Us- 
tasta-hee of Kee-ho-wee, Unnaconone of Esto-to-whee, Headmen 
and Chiefs of Our several Towns by and with the good likeing 
consent and Agreement of Our Several Towns and for the better 
keeping bright and Strait the Chain of Friendship between Our 
Good Friends and Brothers the Sons and Subjects of the Great 
King George of Great Britain France and Ireland King Inhabi- 
tants of his Country and Province of Carolina and Our Selves 
and Children, in all times Coming And in Consideration of Two 
Peices of Striped Dufl&ls, two peices Strowds Six peices of Stryped 
Plains Two hundred Weight of Powder ffour hundred Weight of 
Bullets and four pounds of Vermillion Given and delivered to Us 
for our Selves and Our Towns by his Excellency Robert Johnson 
Esq''. Governour and Commander in Cheif of the Said Province 

• Bureau of Ethnology, Nineteenth Report, part 1. 

' Office of the Historical Commission of South Carolina, Columbia, S. C. 


and the rest of his beloved Men with which we Say and acknowledge 
Our Selves to be well Content and fully Satisfied Have Given 
Granted and Sold and by this present writen paper Do for Our 
Selves and Children as long as any, by Us or Our Children Shall 
continue to be begotten and born Give Grant And Sell Unto the 
Great King George and his Successors for the Use and Benefit 
of his People of the said Province All That Tract or parcel of land 
lying and being between Two great Streams of Water which fall 
and run into the Savanah River and included by a North East- 
erly Line from the Town of Chawgee to the Town of Seneca in 
the lower Cherokee Nation which Land is bounded on the South 
West by the River Chawgee and on the East Side thereof by the 
Stream of Water running by the Town of Seneca onto the Savan- 
ah River and on the North West by the Said line Running from 
Chawgee to Seneca aforesaid with all the Trees and Woods lakes 
and fishings thereon and other Advantages and profits therefrom 
arising To Have Hold Use and Enjoy The Said Tract and parcel 
of Lands with all the Goods and benefits Therefrom Arising to his 
Said Majesty the Great King George the Second and his Suc- 
cessors for the Use and benefit of all Our ffriends and Brother In- 
habitants or which in time to Come Shall be Inhabitants of the 
Said Country & Province of S°. Carolina. And in token of Our 
Speaking Strait & True We have hereunto Set the marks of Our 
Several Towns & ffamiley's to be remembered by them and their 
children as long as the Moon doth Shine by night or the Sun by 
day contnues to give Warmth and Heat. On the Twenty third 
day of the rutting Moon in the Year 1734. 

[Here follow the signatures, by mark, of twenty-one Indians, 
in seven columns of three signatures to the column.] 

The words [Two pieces of Stryped Duffels] were Interlined be- 
tween the tenth & Eleventh lines before the signing thereof which 
was done on the twenty- third day of November 1734. 

This deed of Gift Bargin and Sale was explained and interpreted 
to the Several Indian Chiefs therein mentioned and by them 
Signed with their Several Marks and delivered by them to his 
Excellency for the Use therein Contained in the presence of the 
two houses of Assembly this 23**. day of November 1734. 

Tho. Broughton Pres"^. 
Paul Jenys Speaker. [S]. [S.] 



Toscheche = Taskigi (Tuskegee); Tuchseche = Tsiksitsi (Tuc- 
kasegee) ; Usasee (for Ufasee) = Ayuhwasi (Hiwassee) ; Touqua = 
Dakwai (Toquo) ; Tunnassee = Tanasi (Tennessee) ; Terhashee = 
Talasi; Chehowee = Tsiyahi (Cheowee); Tamase = Tomassee; 
Teraqua = Talikwa; Tostoche = (?); Cunnutrahee = Kanuta- 
lahi; Tuesashee = Tasitsi (?); Nucuschee = Nagutsi (Nacoo- 
chee); Utasatee, Estohowee (transposed); Utasatee is probably 
the personal, and Estohowee ('Statawi?) the town name; Nouhee 
= Nayuhi; Uconhee = Ukwunu (Oconee); Kihowee = Kuwahiyi 
(Keowee); Estotowhee = ('Statawi). 

* Furnished by Mr. James Mooney, Bu. Ethnology. 3, = aw in awl, n = 
nasalized ». 



December 1743-November 1744 

By Mabel L. Webber 

(Continued from the July number) 

John Paul Grimke and Ribton Hutchinson of Charles Town, 
bond to Governor Glen dated 19th. June, 1744. Licence to Rev. 
Alexander Garden to marry John Paul Grimke and Ann Grimball 
spinster. Signed by John Paul Grimke and Rib: Hutchinson. 

Christopher Guy of St. Andrews Parish and William Guy of 
Charles Town, bond to Gov. James Glen, 20th. June, 1744, Licence 
to Rev. WilUam Guy to marry Christopher Guy and Mary God- 
frey spinster. Signed by Christopher Guy and Wm. Guy Junr. 

Charles Mitchell of the Parish of St. Bartholomew and James 
Porter of Charles Town, bond to Gov. Glen, 29th. June, 1744. 
Licence to Rev. Alexander Garden Commissary to marry Charles 
Mitchell and Martha Tamelson spinster. Signed by Charles X 
Mitchell (mark) and Ja. Porter. 

James Rousham of St. Georges Dorchester and Thomas Oliver 
merchant in CharlesTown bond to Gov. Glen, 30th June, 1744. 
Licence to Rev. Francis Thompson to marry James Rousham and 
Catherine Vanvelsin spinster. Signed by James Rousham and 
Thomas Olliver. 

Joseph Lebruce of the Parish of Prince George in Craven County 
and James Bremar of St. Thomas, bond to Gov. Glen 2nd. July, 
1744. Licence to Rev. Thomas Hasell to marry Joseph Le Bruce 
and Elizabeth Bremar widow. Signed by Joseph Labruce and 
James Bramer. 

Gershon Lewis of the Parish of Prince George Winy ah and 
Peter Sanders of Chas. Town bond to Gov. Glen dated 3rd. July 
1744, Licence to Rev John Fordyce to marry Gershom Lewis and 
Mary Avant widow. Signed by Ger. Lewis and Peter Sanders. 

John Smith of St. Bartholomews parish and Joseph Taylor of 
Chas. Town bond to Gov. Glen, 7th. July, 1744. Licence to Rev. 



William Orr to marry John Smith and Elizabeth Arnold widow. 
Signed by John Smith and Joseph Taylor. 

John Wheldon of the parish of Christ Church and Nathaniel 
Arthur of the same place, bond to Gov. Glen, 14th. July 1744. 
Licence to Rev. Thomas Hasell to marry John Wheldin and Martha 
King spinster. Signed by John Wheldin and Nal. Arthur. 

Francis Thompson of the Parish of St. Helena and Isaac Weath- 
erly of the same parish bond to Gov. Glen, 20th. July 1744. 
Licence to Rev. William Guy to marry Francis Thompson and 
Martha Sampson widow. Signed by Francis Thompson and 
Isaac Weatherley. 

Richard Capers of the parish of Christ Church and Peter Benoist 
of Charles Town bond to Gov. Glen dated 20th. July 1744. Li- 
cence to Rev. Levi Durand to marry Richard Capers and Mary 
Maybank widow. Signed by Richd. Capers and Peter Benoist. 

Richard Corker of the Parish of Prince Frederick, Thomas 
Doughty of the parish of St. Phillips, and Jared Nelson of the parish 
of Prince Frederick, bond to Gov. Glen dated 20th. July, 1744. 
Licence to Rev. Daniel Dwight to marry Richard Corker and 
Elizabeth Goodale. Signed by Thos. Doughty and Jar. Neilson. 

Charles Richard Gascoyne of New Windsor and Richard Linter 
of Charles Town bond to Gov. Glen 25th July 1744. Licence to 
Rev. Alex. Garden to marry Charles Richard Gascoyne and Sarah 
Tipper spinster. Signed by Charles Richmond Gascoyne (sic) and 
Richard Linter. 

Joseph Preseillo of New Windsor and John Johnston merchant 
in Charles Town bond to Gov. Glen dated 27th. July 1744. Li- 
cence to Rev. Alex. Garden to marry Joseph Preseillo and Mary 
Raven spinster. Signed by Jos. Preseillo and Jno. Johnston. 

Henry Allen of Charles Town Taylor and James Porter of the 
same place Taylor, bond to Gov. Glen, 28th. July 1744. Licence 
to Rev. Alex. Garden to marry Henry Allen and Jane Linter 
spinster. Signed by Henry Allen and Jas. Porter. 

Alcimus Gaillard and Mimford Milner of Charles Town, bond 
to Gov. Glen 30th. July 1744. Licence to Rev. Thomas Hasell to 
marry Alcimus Gaillard and Eliz. Gendroon spinster. Signed by 
Alcimus Gaillard and Mumfd. Milner. 

Stephen Calhbeuf of Charles Town and Robert Clemens of the 
Parish of Christ Church bond to Gov. Glen dated 31st July 1744. 


Licence to Rev. Levi Durand to marry Stephen Callibeuf and 
Mary McDowell Spinster. Signed by Stephen X Callibeuf (mark) 
and Robt. Clemmons. 

John Fendin of Johns Island and John Spencer of the same place 
bond to Gov. Glen dated 31st July 1744. Licence to Rev. Sam- 
uel Quincey to marry John Fendin and Elizabeth Thomas spinster. 
Signed by John Fendin and John Spencer. 

John Moncreflf of Charles Town, Blacksmith and Thomas Lea 
of Charles Town carpenter, bond to Gov. Glen 4th. August 1744. 
Licence to Rev. Alexander Garden to marry John Moncreff and 
Elenor Elders spinster. Signed by John Muncreff and Thos. Lee. 

Maurice Fleming of the parish of Christ Church and John Nelme 
of Charles Town bond to Gov. Glen 4th August 1744. Licence to 
Rev. Alexander Garden to marry Maurice Fleming and Elizabeth 
James spinster. Signed by Maurice Fleming and J. Nelme. 

George Bell of Charles Town bricklayer and Joseph Bee of the 
same place Carpenter, bond to Gov. Glen 8th. August 1744. Li- 
cence to Rev. Alexande Garden to marry George Bell and Mary 
Bee spinster. Signed by George Bell and Joseph Bee. 

AUard Belin of the parish of Prince George Winyah and Elias 
Horrey of the same parish bond to Gov. Glen 10th. August 1744. 
Licence to Rev. John Fordyce to marry AUard Belin and Margaret 
Robert spinster. Signed by AUerd Belin and Els. Horry. 

Alexander Brown of the parish of Prince Frederick and Thomas 
Oliver merchant in Chas. Town, bond to Gov. Glen, 10th. August 
1744. Licence to Rev. Thomas Hasell to marry Alexander 
Brown and Mary Dutarque spinster. Signed by Alexander Brown 
and Thomas Oliver. 

Thomas Chicken Paul Broneau and William Thomas all of the 
parish of St. James Santee, bond to Gov. Glen, 14th. August 1744. 
Licence to Rev. John Fordyce to marry Thomas Chicken and 
Margret Guerry spinster. Signed by Paul Bruneau and Wm. 

Thomas Ladson of the parish of St. Pauls Colleton County, and 
Robert Ladson of the parish of St. Andrews Berkley County, 
bond to Gov. Glen 14th. August 1744. Licence to Rev. William 
Orr to marry Thomas Ladson and Elizabeth Miles Spinster. 
Signed by Thos. Ladson and Rt: Ladson. 


William Dunwoody of the Parish of St. Johns Colleton and 
William Ferguson of the same place, bond 15 Aug. 1744. Licence 
to Rev. Samuel Quincey to marry William Dunwoody and Sarah 
Upham spinster. Signed by William Dunwoody and William 

Joshua Lankester of the parish of St. Bartholomews and George 
Jackson of the same parish, bond to Gov. Glen, 16th. August, 1744. 
Licience to Rev. William Guy to marry Joshua Lankester and 
Sibella Gray spinster. Signed by Joshua Lakanster and George 

William Kirk of the parish of St. Paul and John George Delebach 
of the parish of St. Phillips bond to Gov. Glen, 17th. August 1744. 
Licence to Rev. Alexander Garden to marry William Kirk and 
Mary Deleback spinster. Signed by William Kirk and John 
George Delebach. 

Richard Busk of St. James Goose Creek and James Little of the 
same parish, bond to Gov. Glen, 17th. August 1744. Licence to 
Rev. Daniel Dwight to marry Richard Busk and Mary Ann Jones 
Widow. Signed by Richd. Busk and James Little. 

Nathaniel Adams of the parish of St. Helena and Christopher 
Poor of the same parish, planters, bond to Gov. Glen, 30th. August 
1744. Licence to Rev. Lewis Jones to marry Nathaniel Adams 
and Margret Ellis spinster. Signed by Nathaniel Adams and 
Christopher Poor. 

Joseph Wilcocks of Edisto Island and Daniel Gardner of Charles- 
Town bond to Gov. Glen, 1st. September 1744. Licence to Rev. 
Alexander Garden to marry Joseph Wilcocks and Edee Miller 
spinster. Signed by Joseph Willcocks and Dan. Gardner. 

William Ford of the parish of St. Andrews bricklayer and Mum- 
ford Milner of Chas. Town bond to Gov. Glen, 7th. September 
1744. Licence to Rev. William Guy to marry William Ford and 
Kezia Cartwright widow. Signed by Wilhn. Ford and Mumfd. 

Vincent Leacroft of St. PhiUips Chas. Town and Joseph Redman 
of the same parish bond to Gov, Glen, 13th. September 1744. 
Licence to Rev. Alexander Garden to marry Vincent Leacroft and 
Elizabeth Righton spinster. Signed by Vincent Leaycraft and 
Joseph Redman. 


Samuel Clyatt of Prince Frederick parish Carpenter and Wil- 
liam Anderson of the parish of Prince George planter, bond to Gov. 
Glen, (date omitted). Licence to Rev. John Fordyce to marry 
Samuel Clyatt and Mary Wilson spinster. Signed by Wm. Ander- 

John Postell and James Postell of the parish of St. George 
Dorchester, planters, bond to Gov. Glen, 26th. September 1744. 
Licence to Rev. Thomas Thompson to marry John Postell and 
Mary Moore spinster. Signed by John Postell Junr. and James 

William Dews of St. Georges parish and Andrew Cattell of the 
same parish bond to Gov. Glen. 2nd. October 1744. Licence to 
Rev. William Guy to marry William Dews and Lois Wilkins spin- 
ster. Signed by William Dews and Andw. Cattell. 

John Mullens of the parish of St. Bartholomew and Daniel 
Faissoux of Charles Town baker bond to Gov. Glen, 4th. October 
1744. Licence to Rev. Lewis Jones to marry John Mullens and 
Elizabeth Cockran widow. Signed by Jno. X Mullens (mark) and 
Daniel fayssoux. 

Jacob Jeannerett of St James Santee and John Triboudet and 
Joseph Mary of Chas. Town shopkeeper bond to Gov. Glen, 6th. 
October 1744. Licence to Rev. James Tisseaux to marry Jacob 
Jeanneret and Mary De Plesis widow. Signed by John Triboudet 
and Joseph Mary. 

Jeremiah Cuttino of George Town Winyah gunsmith and Fran- 
cis Spencer of parish of St. James Santee planter, bond to Gov. 
Glen 19th. October 1744. Licence to Rev. John Fordyce to marry 
Jeremiah Cuttino and Ann Judith Boissard spinster. Signed by 
Jeremiah Cuttino and Francis Spencer 

Barnaby Railey of the parish of St Pauls Colleton County and 
Meller St John of Chars. Town Gent, bond to Gov. Glen, 22d 
Oct. 1744. Licence to Rev. William Orr to marry Barnaby Railey 
and Mary Spry spinster. Signed by Barnebe Reily and Mell. St 

William Playter of Charles Town and George Coker of the 
same place, bond to Gov. Glen, 22 Octobe 1744. Licence to Rev. 
Alexander Garden to marry William Playters and Sarah Salter 
spinster. Signed by W. Playters and George Coker. 


Hugh Bryan of the Parish of St Helena Esq. and Samuel Prio- 
leau of Charles Town, bond to Gov. Glen, 25th. October 1744. 
Licence to Rev. Alex. Garden to marry Hugh Bryan and Mary 
Prioleau spinster. Signed by Hugh Bryan and Samuel Prioleau. 

Peter Marion of St James Goose Creek planter and Gabriel 
Guignard of Charles Town cooper, bond to Gov. Glen, 1st. Novem- 
ber 1744. Licence to Rev. Alexander Gardern to marry Peter 
Marion and Mary Vouloux spinster. Signed by Peter Marion 
and Gabriel Guignard. 

Daniel Singleton of St Bartholomews parish Colleton County 
and Roger Saunders of the same parish, bond to Gov. Glen, 2nd. 
November 1744. Licence to Rev. William Orr to marry Daniel 
Singleton and Jane Mackey spinster. Signed by Daniel Singell- 
ton and R. Saunders. 

James Cumerford of the parish of St. Phillips Charles Town and 
Andrew Rutledge Esq., bond to Gov. Glen, 3rd. November 1744. 
Licence to Rev. Alexander Garden to marry James Cumerford 
and Mary Dering spinster. Signed by James Comerford and 
Andw. Rutledge. 

Thomas Greene of Charles Town and Thomas WHloughby of 
Charles Town, bond to Gov. Glen, 6th. November 1744. Licence 
to Rev. Alexander Garden to marry Thomas Greene and Ann Jen- 
kins spinster. Signed by Thomas Greene and Thomas Willoughby. 

James Thompson of Cape Fear and John Mackenzie of Charles 
Town merchant, bond to Gov. Glen, 7th. November 1744. Li- 
cence to Rev. Alexander Graden to marry James Thompson and 
Margaret M'^kay spinster. Signed by Jas. Thompson and John 

Stephen Callibeauf of the parish of Christ Church chairmaker 
and John Evans of the same parish, joiner; bond to Gov. Glen, 
7th. November 1744. Licence to Rev. Levi Durand to marry 
Stephen Callibeauf and Mary Roser spinster. Signed by Stephen 
X Callibeauf (mark) and John Evens. 

There are two loose leaves in the back of the Marriage Bond 
book which contain the following items: 



To John Champneys Esqr. in Queen 
Streetor at the Secretaries 
Office, Charles town. 

Some time ago when [torn] in Charles town I sent him to gett 
Licence for [torn] I being so Hurried with Business that I could 
not Possobly goe my selfe neither will Convenencency admit of 
my goeing now to Town the bearer hereof Mr. Francis Christian 
is Brother to the Young woman I am going to be asspoused to 
and she has no Other Relation a Live but him and is wholly under 
his Tuition so that you need be no way aprehensive of any Dam- 
mage to acrew on your Issuing our Lisence to him for me & Mary 
Christian both of Granville County and Parish of St. Hillinna if 
you are Desireous of informing your self in any Perticular and 
Doubts the Varassity of what I write the bearer will give you suf- 
ficient satisfaction so request you'l not Deny or Refuse him Lisence 
wherein you'l greatly oblige 

Your most Humble Servant 

Laurence Wolferston. 
March 10th 1743/4. 
To John Champneys 
Esqr. Chas. Town. 

The other item is from the Journal of the Commons House of 
Assembly, and is endorsed on .the back: "Resolution concerning 
Mr. Withers." 

In the Commons House of Assembly 

the 8th. day of December 1739. 

That unless Mr. James Withers do at his own Expense within 
six month from the date hereof pull down the new Magazine in 
Charles Town, and clean all the Bricks there irnto belonging, so 
as to make them fit to be laid again, that then the said James 
Withers shall be prosecuted for breach of Contract, on the articles 
by him entered into for building and furnishing the said Magazine 
which he the said James Withers was to have done in such a man- 
ner as to have made the same fit to keep Gun Powder in but has 
not performed. That this Resolution be sent up to his Honor or 


the Lieutenant Governor and his Majestys Honorable Council for 
their Concurrence and that Mr. Speaker sign the same. 

By Order of the House 

Charles Pinckney Speaker. 
A true copy examined and attested 

this 13 day of June 1744. > 

by Childermas Croft, Clerk of the Assembly. 


Compiled by Mabel L. Webber 

{Continued from July number) 

Last Monday died, in the bloom of life, Mrs. Ann Mazyck, the 
amiable Consort of Mr. Stephen Mazyck, of Goosecreek, and 
daughter of Mr. Walter Easton, of Newport, Rhode-Island. 

Thursday last died, after a short illness, John M'CaU, sen. Esq; 
aged 68. It may be truly said of this respectable gentleman, that 
he departed this life full of years and honors. . . . His re- 
mains were last evening respectfully conveyed into the family 
vault in St. Philip's Church-yard, attended by a train of respect- 
able citizens. 

Lately died at Nassua, in New Providence, Mr. Benjamin S. 
Legge, of this State. (Saturday, July 2, 1785.) 

Yesterday morning John Barney, a labouring man, being greatly 
over heated, called for a drink of water, of which drinking too 
profusely, he instantly expired. 

Last evening the Reverend Mr. Thomas Hill was married to 
the amiable Miss Jane Wells, of this City. (Wednesday, July 6, 

Died.] In the State of Georgia, Mr. Samuel Bonsell, son of 
Mr. Samuel Bonsell, sen. of this City. — At Beaufort, Barnard 
EUiott, Esq:^ late a Captain in the Continental Line. — At Nas- 
sua, New Providence, Capt. Peter Bachop, formerly of St. Augus- 
tine. — In this City, William-Allston Gibbes, only child of Wil- 
liam-Hazell Gibbes, Esq. (Saturday, July 9, 1785) 

Died.] In Falmouth (England) in April last, Mrs. Catherine 
Clarke, consort of Cat. Arthur Clarke, and daughter of the de- 
ceased George Inglis, Esq; formerly an eminent merchant of this 

*** The report of the death of Capt. Barnard ElHott, at Beau- 
fort, as mentioned in our last, is premature. (Tuesday, July 12, 

^ An error, corrected in the next issue. 

' With this issue the paper is published three times a week in place of twice 



Married.] Mr. Joseph Jenkins, of Edisto, to Miss Elizabeth 
Evans, daughter of Mr. John Evans. (Thursday July 14, 1785) 

Married. Last Thursday evening, Mr. Stephen Mazyck, (son 
of the deceased Stephen Mazyck, Esq;) to the amiable Miss Ann 
Wilson, second daughter of Dr. Robert Wilson, of this city. — At 
Beaufort, Port-Royal, Mr. Samuel Ash, of this city, to Miss 

Hannah Deveaux daughter of the deceased Deveaux, esq; 

of that place. (Saturday, July 16, 1785.) 

Nassua, June 25. Married.) Captain Alexander Lecroix, to 
Miss Margaret Reynolds, daughter of the deceased Mr. Broughton 

Charleston; Married. At Newport, Capt. John Hull of the 
Sloop Diana, a packet between this port and Rhode-Island, to 
Miss Abigail Carr of that City. (Tuesday July 19, 1785) 

Monday se'n night was married at Goose Creek, Mr. Jaques- 
Philip Bonsone, a Gentleman belonging to France, to the accom- 
plished Miss Elizabeth Godin, youngest daughter of the deceased 
Isaac Godin, Esq; of this City. (Thursday, July 21 1785.) 

Tuesday night last George Haige Esq; was married to the 
agreeable Miss Mary Mayham, daughter of Col. Hezekiah May- 

Last Wednesday morning departed this Life, deservedly la- 
mented by all who knew her, Mrs. Mary Laurens, the amiable 
relict of the deceased James Laurens, Esq; and on Thursday her 
remains were decently interred in the Independent Church-yard. 
(Saturday, July 23, 1785.) 

Married.] Last Thursday night, Thomas Alls ton, Esq; to the 
amiable Miss Mary Allston, daughter of John AUston, j m. Esq; 
of Waccamaw. 

Lately died in Jamaica, occasioned by a fall from his horse, 
Capt. William Oliphant, formerly of this city. 

Yesterday morning died Mr. John Copeland. (Tuesday July 
26, 1785) 

Died.] Yesterday, Master Edward Trescot, son of Mr. Edward 
Trescot of this city. (Thursday, July 28, 1785.) 

Died.] In St. Thomas's Parish, Mrs. Ann Ashby, wife of Mr. 
Thomas Ashby. — In this city, Mrs. Hester Patterson, wife of 
William Patterson, of this city, carpenter. — Master George Tres- 
cot, son of Mr. Edward Trescot. (Saturday, July 30 1785.) 


Married.] Last Saturday night, Capt. John Morrison, of the 
snow J\Uon, to Miss James {sic) Oliphant, a young lady lately 
arrived here from Scotland. (Tuesday August 2, 1785) 

Died.] Mrs. Avis Bonner, wife of Mr. John Booner. (Thurs- 
day, August 4 1785. 

Married.] In this City, Capt. William Smith of Virginia, to 
Mrs. Fairchild. — Mr. Joseph de Palcocios, of the Portuguese 
Jewish Nation, to Mrs. Harris, widow of the deceased Mr. Nathan 
Harris, of the Island of St. Eustatius. — At Pedee, Capt. Shadrick 
Simons, to Mrs. Elizabeth Britton, widow of the deceased Mr. 
Henry Britton. — Joseph Baxter, Esq; to Miss Mary Britton. — 
Joseph Grier, Esq; to Miss Rebecca Grier. 

Died.] In St. Stephen's Parish, John Palmer, Esq; a Repre- 
sentative in the General Assembly for that place. (Saturday, 
August 6, 1785.) 

Died.] At Savannah, in Georgia, in the bloom of life, Mr. 
John Miller, son of the deceased Stephen Miller, Esq., of Cainhoy. 
— In this City, the youngest daughter of Mr. Thomas Doughty. 
(Tuesday August 9, 1785. 

This forenoon departed this life, much regretted by all who 
knew her, Mrs. Sarah Smith, consort of Major Benjamin Smith of 
Goosecreek, and daughter of Mr. George Smith, merchant, of this 

Last week died the only son of Hopson Pinckney, Esq; of this 

On the 7th. ult. died in Newport, Rhode-Island, Peter Bailey, 
Esq; a citizen of this State. This young gentleman descended 
from a worthy family in Ireland, was educated at the Inns of 
Court in England, and came out here to take possession of a hand- 
some estate left him by a relation. He was just entering upon the 
busy theatre, enriched with a fertile genius, a warm benevolent 
heart, and a nature dignified with the noblest sentiments when 
death, inexorable death ! snatched him from the state of pleasing 
hope and consigned him to the realms of immortality! — He suf- 
fered a long and painful illness with uncommon patience, and re- 
ceived the final summons with heroic philosophy. (Thursday, 
August 11, 1785.) 

Married.] Major Samuel Nelson Holt, of Virginia to Mrs. 
Martha Wright, widow of the deceased Capt. John Wright, of 


St. Georges parish. — Mr. William Semple of Santee, to Mrs. 
Sarah Hill, widow of the deceased Capt. Francis Hill. — Capt. 
Swan of the brig Betsy, to Miss Ann Irvin. 

Died.] In St. James's Parish, Santee, Mrs. Deborah Brown. 
In this City, the only child of M. John Gibbons. (Saturday, 
August 13, 1785 

Died.] Capt. Thomas Chenie. (Thursday, August 18, 1785.) 

On Wednesday last, departed this life, after a severe but short 
conflict, Mrs. Mary Inglis, the beloved wife of Alexander Inglis, 
Esq; of this City, and last surviving child of the late David Deas, 
Esq; — The several duties of her station in life she discharged as 
became the good christian; supporting with exemplary fortitude 

the late trying separation from her family She 

has left a son and three daughters, to mourn with a disconsolate 
father, their irreparable loss. Her remains were the next day 
decently deposited in the family burying ground, in St. Philip's 
church-yard, attended by a numerous company of friends and 

Married.] Lately in England, John KnatchbuU, Esq; son of 

Sir KnatchbuU, Bart., to Miss Francis Graham, second 

daughter of John Graham, Esq; formerly of Georgia. — John 
Simpson, Esq; of the city of London, merchant to Miss Eleanor 
Begbie, daughter of Dr. Francis Begbie, also of Georgia. (Satur- 
day, August 20, 1785.) 

Married.] Mr. Abraham Spidell, to Miss Elizabeth StoU. 
(Thursday, August 25, 1785.) 

Died.] On Thursday last, at his lodgings in Queen Street, 
Henry M'Lorinnan, Esq; of Wilmington, in North Carolina. — This 
morning, in the bloom of life, after a short illness, Mr. Thomas 
Lining, son of the deceased Dr. John Lining, of this city. (Sat- 
urday, August 27, 1785.) 

Married.] Lately in New Jersey, Mr. William Desaussure, son 
of the Hon. Daniel Desaussure, Esq; of this City, to Miss Ford, of 
Morris town in that state; a young lady possessed of all the amuable 
qualities necessary to render the connubial state agreeable. 

Died.] In this City, Mr. Will Magee. (Monday, August 29, 

Died.] In this City, Mrs. Rachel Campbell, after a short illness. 
— Also a child of Mr. Jennings, merchant. (Thursday, Septem- 
ber 1, 1785.) 


Married.] Last Wednesday evening, Mr. Charles Rivers, of 
James Island, to the amiable Miss Elizabeth Newton, daughter 
Capt. Downham Newton, of this City. 

Died.] In St. Thomas's Parish, on Sunday last, Mrs. Elizabeth 
Singletary, wife of Mr. Micah Singletary, of that place. Satur- 
day, September 3, 1785.) 

Died.] Last Thursday evening, Mrs. Susannah Lang, wife of 
Mr. Thomas Lang, and sister of Mr. Henry Snerdon, of this City. 
— Yesterday morning, Mr. William M'Grath. (Saturday, Sep- 
tember 10, 1785.) 

Married.] In Georgia, William MTntosh, Esq; to Miss Bar- 
bara MTntosh, daughter of Col. William MTntosh — Simon 
Eraser, Esq; to Miss Sarah Sullivan. — Thomas Stone, Esq; to 
Mrs. Elizabeth Stewart, widow of the deceased James Stewart, 
Esq; — Mr. John Timmons, to Miss Cath. Hanner. 

Died.] In this City, Mrs. Manners, wife of Mr. Archibald 
Manners. — In St. Stephens Parish, Mrs. Palmer, widow of the 
deceased Joseph Palmer, Esq; — In Georgia, in a advanced age, 
Mrs. Wain wood MTntosh; Mrs. Sarah Murdoch, wife of Mr. David 
Murdoch; Mrs. Maxwell, widow of Mr. David Maxwell; Capt. 
James Smith, lately from St. Croix. (Thursday, September 15, 

Died.] Miss Mary Dawes, daughter of Mr. Ralph Dawes, mer- 
chant, of this City. (Saturday, September 17, 1785.) 

Died.] In this City, Miss Horry, a daughter of Thomas Horry, 
Esq; — John Holmes, Esq; a native of this state, but for many 
years a resident of St. Augustine. (Tuesday, September 20, 1785.) 

Married.] Mr. Robert Ewing, Merchant, to Mrs. Jane Bon- 
neau, widow of the deceased Mr. Josiah Bonneau, of this City. 
(Saturday, Sept. 24, 1785.) 

Last Sunday departed this life, in the 84th. year of his age, 
Mr. William Glen, sen. Many Years an eminent merchant of this 
City. — The same day died, after a short illness, Mrs. Dorothy 
Harbison, wife of Capt. John Harbison, of this City. Much re- 
gretted by all who knew her. (Tuesday September 27, 1785.) 

Died.] Yesterday morning, in this City, after a short illness, 
Henry Hughes, Esq. a member of the General Assembly for the 
Parish of St. James, San tee. (Thursday, September 29, 1785.) 

Died.] On John's Island, Mr. Humphries, planter, aged 99 
years. (Saturday, October 1, 1785.) 


Married.] Mr. Thomas Roberts, of this City, Chair-maker to 
Miss Mary Harvey. (Tuesday, October 4, 1785.) 

Married.] In Savannah, Major Nathaniel Pendleton, to Miss 
Susannah Bard. — Capt. Charles White, to Mrs. Elizabeth Gold- 
wire. — Mr. Thomas Wylly, to Miss A. Rosberg. 

Died.] In this City, Mr. Paul Snyder. — After a few hours ill- 
ness, Mr. Hugh Gibson, lately from London. — Major Philip Low, 
of Georgia. — Mr. Lebeus Whitney. — Miss Lucretia Peacock. — 
Mr. Dempsy, lately from Ireland. — On Edisto Island, aged 55 
years, Mrs. Sarah Deveaux. — In Savannah, Mrs. Tondee, wife of 
Mr. Peter Tondee. (Thursday, October 6, 1785.) 

Wednesday last, died Mr. Allen Hopkins, son of the deceased 
Mr. Samuel Hopkins, of this City. 

Yesterday morning died, in the 9th year of his age, Master 
Thomas Hoyland Legare, son of Mr. Samuel Legare, merchant, of 
this City. (Saturday, October 8, 1785.) 

Married.] At Newport, Rhode-Island, Mr. Henry Shoolbred, 
Merchant of this City, to the amiable Miss Hunter, daughter of 
the late Dr. William Hunter, of that City. (Tuesday, October 

11, ms.f 

Married.] At New- York, the Hon. Jacob Read, Esq; a Dele- 
gate from this State to Congress, to Miss Catherine Van Home, 
the third daughter of the late David Van Horn, Esq; of that City. 

Died.] On Wadmalaw Island, Mr. Joshua Eaton, of that 
place. (Thursday, October 13, 1785.) 

Married.] In this City, Mr. Peter Smith, Carpenter, to Miss 
Elizabeth Martin, of Georgetown. 

Died.] After a lingering indisposition, Capt. Henry Reeves, of 
London, formerly a Merchant in this City. (Saturday, October 
15, 1785.) 

Died.] The youngest daughter of Mr. Daniel O'Hara, Merchant. 
(Tuesday, October 18, 1785.) 

Died.] After a short illness, Mr. John Cumine, of this City. 
(Thursday, October 20, 1785.) 

Married.] Last Thursday evening, Mr. Theodore Gourdine, of 
St. John's Parish, to the accomplished Miss Elizabeth Gaillard, 
eldest daughter of Mr. Theodore Gaillard. of this City. — On Wed- 

^ An error, corrected in the next issue. 


nedsay, Mr. Abraham Jacobs, of the Jewish Nation, to Miss 
Shankey Hart, daughter of Mr. Joshua Hart, of this City. 

Died.] Master Benjamin Simons, Esq; of this City. (Satur- 
day, October 22, 1785.) 

Died.] On Port Royal Island, Mr. John Giviens, of that place. 
— At New Providence, Mrs. Mary Montell, wife of Mr. Anthoney 
Montell, formerly of this City. 

Married.] Mr. Paul Taylor, of this City, Carpenter, to Miss 
Sarah Piercy, of Santee. (Tuseday, October 25, 1785.) 

Married.] At Philadelphia, Mr. John Markland, of this City, 
Printer, to Miss Mary Many, of that City. (Thursday, October 
27, 1785.) 

Last Thursday night, Thomas Elliott, Esq; (son of Benjamin) 
was married to Miss Mary Pinckney, daughter of Charles Pinck- 
ney. Esq; deceased, of this City. (Saturday, October 29, 1785.) 

On the 17th ult. died at New- York, Samuel Hardy, Esq; a 
Delegate of Virginia, to the Congress of the United States 
.... (Tuesday, Nov. 1, 1785.) 

Died.] On Monday last, Mrs. Jane Massey, aged 107 years; a 
native of the Island of Barbadoes, and a resident of this State 80 
years. — Yesterday morning Capt. John Copithorn, aged about 
75 years. (Thursday, November 3, 1785.) 

Married.] Last Wednesday, Mr. Joseph Tobias jun. of the 
Jewish Nation, to Miss Rachel Aarons, daughter of Mr. Jacob 
Aarons, late from Cape Francois. (Saturday, November 5, 1785.) 

Married.] Last Sunday evening, Mr. Abraham Lyons, to Miss 
Nancy Murrell, of this City. — In Georgia, Mr. Peter Donworth, 
of Sunbury, merchant, to Mrs. Mary Anderson, widow of the 
late Capt. David Anderson. 

Died.] Last Sunday, in the bloom of life, much lamented by 
all who knew her, Mrs. Mary Townsend, the amiable Consort of 
Mr. Thomas Townsend, of Wadmalaw Island; and last evening 
her remains were decently interred in the Independent Church- 
yard, attended by a number of respectable citizens. (Tuesday 
November 8, 1785.) 

Last Tuesday afternoon, departed this life; after a short illness, 
in the 33d year of his age, Mr. Edward-Stanhope Coleman, mer- 
chant of this City; a Gentleman highly respected and valued by 
all who had the pleasure of his acquaintance, and by whom his 


death is greatly lamented. His remains were decently interred 
last evening in St. Philip's church-yard attended by the Cincin- 
nati Society (of which he was a member) and a number of other 
respectable citizens. [Then follows six lines from Hervey's Med- 
itations.] (Thursday November 10, 1785.) 

Married.] At the Round O, Thomas Hall, Esq; of this City, 
Postmaster, to Miss Polly Newton, daughter of the deceased Mr. 
Newton. — In this City, on Thursday morning, Mr. Solo- 
mon Legare, to Miss Sally Lining, daughter of the deceased Dr. 
John Lining, of this City. (Saturday, November 12, 1785.) 

On Saturday morning last a duel was fought, near Wallace's 
Bridge, by Colonel Maurice Simons, of this City, and Mr. William 
Clay Snipes of the Round O, when it unfortunately happened that 
the former fell. — His remains were brought to town on Sunday 
last, and yesterday evening interred in the family burying-ground 
in St. Phillips Church-yard, attended by a very large concourse of 
relations, friends and acquaintances. As a friend, a good citizen, 
a kind and loving husband, an affectionate father, a loving brother, 
a good christian, he is sincerely regretted and lamented by all 
who ever had the pleasure of being acquainted with him. 

How lov'd ! how valued once avails thee not 
To whom related, by whom begot; 
A heap of dust alone remains of thee, 
'Tis all thou art, and all the proud shall be. 

Saturday last died, at his plantation at Santee, Daniel Horry 
Esq; of this City. 

Yesterday morning died in St. Thomas parish, Capt. Thomas 
Joell, of that place, much esteemed by all who knew him. (Tues- 
day Nov. 15, 1785.) 

Married.] At Newport, Rhode Island, Dr. David Oliphant, of 
this City, to Miss Nancy Vernon, daughter of Mr. Samuel Vernon 
of that place. 

Died.] Yesterday morning, after a short illness, Mr. William 
Kershaw, of this City, Merchant. — At Newport, Rhode Island, Mr. 
Isaac Ogden, of North Carolina, merchant, who was bound from 
thence to Ireland in the brig Sally, Capt. Nicholl, which put into 
Newport in distress. (Thursday November 17, 1785.) 

Thursday last died, after a short illness, much regretted by all 


who knew him, Mr. Jonathan Lawson, of this City, merchant; and 
yesterday evening his remains were interred in St. Philips church- 
yard. (Saturday Nov. 19, 1785.) 

Married.] In Georgia, Joseph Law Esq; to Mrs. Sandiford, 
widow of Capt. John Sandiford — Mr. Francis Vallaton, to Miss 
Rachel Nowland. 

Died.] In Georgia, on Argyle Island, James Deveaux, Esq; 
aged 75 years. — At Burnpot Island, Mr. James Dixie. — At New 
Providence, Mr. Anthony Montell, Formerly of South Carolina. 
(Wednesday, November 23, 1785.) 

Wednesday last died, in the prime of life, after a long illness, 
Mr. Henry Smith, of this City. 

Thursday last died at Stono, generally lamented, William Wil- 
liamson, Esq; of this City. (Saturday November 26, 1785.) 

Last Monday morning departed this life, in the 65 th. year of 
his age, Mr. Phillip Meyers, of this City — a worthy, honest in- 
habitant — ^his remains were deposited in the Independent church- 
yard (Wednesday, November 30th, 1785.) 

Last Monday died, in Prince Williams Parish, Indian Land, 
greatly lamented by all who knew him. Col. William Harden, one 
of the Honourable House of Senate, and Ordinary of that District. 
(Saturday December 3, 1785.) 

Married.] Capt. Hill, to Miss Elizabeth Butler, of this 


Died.] Mr. Spidell, Pilot, of this City. (Wednesday, Decem- 
ber 7, 1785.) 

Thursday evening Francis Kinloch Esq; was married to Miss 
Martha Rutledge, eldest daughter of the Honorable John Rutledge 
Esquire of this City. 

Died.] In the bloom of life, Mr. James J. C. Hatcher, of this 
City .... — Mrs. Sarah De Polocias, wife of Mr. 
Joseph De Polocias, of the Jewish Nation. — In St. George's 
Parish, Dorchester, Mrs. Elizabeth Hutchinson, wife of Mr. 
Mathias Hutchinson. — In Georgia, Colonel James Deveaux, after 
17 days illness, in the 75th year of his age. (Saturday, December 
10, 1785.) 

Died.] At Carleton, in England, Mrs. Ann M'CuUoh, lady of 
Robert M'Culloch Esq; and eldest daughter of George Roupell, 
Esq; of this State. (Wednesday, December 14, 1785.) 


Thursday se'ennight was married, at Waccamaw, Mr. Francis 
Deliesseline, Factor, of this City, to Miss Ann Allston, of that 
place (Saturday, December 17, 1785.) 

Married.] Last Thursday, in Christ-Church Parish, Mr. Wil- 
liam Cleiland, to Miss Hester Maybank, eldest daughter of the 
deceased Col. Joseph Maybank. 

Beaufort, December 3. Thursday last was married, John -Mark 
Verdier, Esq; Merchant, of this place, to the amiable Miss 
Elizabeth Grayson, second daughter of John Grayson, Esq; 
deceased. . . . 

Died.] On John's Island, Dr. John Wells, a gentleman much 
esteemed and valued by all who knew him. — In this City, after a 
long illness, Mrs. Eleanor Mackie, wife of Mr. James Mackie, 
Cooper. — Mr. Benjamin Call, formerly of Boston in New England. 
(Wednesday, December 21, 1785.) 

Married.] At the Congarees, Mr. Alexander Bell, Merchant, 
to Miss Betsy Geiger, daughter of the deceased Mr. John Geiger. 
— In St. Andrew's Parish, Mr. Benjamin Gibbes, to Miss Betsy 
Rivers. (Saturday, December 24, 1785.) 

Married.] At Daniel's Island, Mr. Thomas Lesesne, of that 
place, to Miss Elizabeth Boyd, daughter of the deceased Capt. 
Robert Boyd, of this City. — At Beaufort, Mr. James Bowmaji, 
to Miss Margaret Green. — At Amelia Township, Mr. John How- 
ser, aged 76, to Mrs. Mary Fleck, aged 70. 

Died.] At Georgetown, in the bloom of life, Mrs. Mary Smith, 
the amiable consort of Mr. Samuel Smith of that place. Merchant. 
— Yesterday evening, in this City, much lamented by all who 
knew her, Mrs. Ehzabeth Holroyd, aged 33 years. Her remains 
will be interred to-morrow afternoon, from her mother's house in 
Union-Street Continued. (Saturday, December 31, 1785.) 

On Thursday evening last, Mr. John Williams was married to 
Miss Ann Bonner, both of this City. 

A few days ago died at St James's Santee, Mrs. Mary M'Gregor, 
wife of Capt. Alexander M'Gregor, and daughter of Mr. Isaac 
Legare, of Christ Church Parish. (Wednesday, January 4, 1786.) 

Married.] Mr. John Todd, merchant, of this city, to Mrs. 
Frances Dorrell, widow of the deceased Major Joseph Dorrell, 
and daughter of the late Col. Joseph Rivers, of James Island. — 
Mr Peter Porcher sen, of St. Peter's parish, to Mrs. Elizabeth 


Wilkinson, widow of the deceased Mr. Joseph Wilkinson of St. 
Pauls parish. 

Died.] In this City, after a lingering illness, Mrs. Mary Stocker 
widow of the deceased Mr. Charles-Steven Stocker, merchant 
(Saturday, January 7, 1786.) 

Lately died at Naples, in Italy, John Graham, Esq; of the City 
of London, merchant, and formerly of the State of Georgia. 

Marriages.] Capt. Joseph Bell, of the ship Thompson, to Miss 
Langstaff, of this City. (Wednesday, January 11, 1786.) 

Married.] Mr. George Ross, Tin-plate worker, of this City, to 
the amiable Miss Margaret Gilbroy, only daughter of the late de- 
ceased Mr. John Gilbroy of London. (Saturday, January 14, 

{To he continued.) 


(August 1778-May 1780) 

(Continued from the April number.) 

Head Quarters Charles Town. 
March 22, 1780. 
Parole C.S. 
B.C. Genl. Lillington 

F.O. for tomorrow, Lt. Colo. Harney and Major Jackson. 
G.O. All the loaded Armes that cannot be drawn are to be 
discharged tomorrow Morning at 7 oClock & then put in the neatest 

R.O. Capt Lieut. Elliott having resigned his Adjutancy is no 
longer to be obeyed in that character. 

Mr. William Lowe is appointed a 2d. Lieut. & Adjt. in the Regt 
of Artillery & is to be respected and obeyed accordingly. 

G.O. Half the Troop off Duty will be paraded at the Exchange 
tomorrow Morning at 8 oClock for fatigue & to be relieved at 
twelve. This to be continued till further Orders. 

B.O. All the Stores (except tackles) belonging to the Guns 
landed from the Ships & Galleys are to be taken to the Batteries 
where the Ordnance will be mounted & the Stores lodged in the 

A Return of the Guns & Ammunition with an Inventory of the 
Stores to be given to the Brigade Q.M. 

Two 26 Pdrs. & two 18 Pdrs. from the Galleys to be mounted 
at the Exchange Bastion — One 26 Pdr. at Broughtons & one 26 
Pdr. at Granvilles. 
23d. Parole. C.S. 

B. G. Genl. Mcintosh. 

F.O. Lt. Col. Wallace and Major Dunbibin, for tomorrow. 
For Command to be paraded tomorrow at Guard mounting with 
one Days Provisions cooked 1 Sub; 1 Serjt. 1 Corpl. & 25 privates. 
The Comsy. will order 7 days Rations for the above Command. 
24th. Parole. C.S. 

B.G. Genl. Hogan. 

F.O. Lt. Colo. Hopkins and Major Simmons, for to morrow. 



The Troop will beat Si the Guards be paraded at 7 o Clock in the 
Morning — Orderly Hours at 10 in the Morning & 5 in the Evening. 

All the Line & Field pieces to be removed to the North Lines as 
soon as heavy Cannon is placed in their stead. 

The Commg. Officers of the Contl. & Chars, town Artillery to 
have 200 Rounds of fixt Ammunition Round and Case shot to 
each peice. 

Capt. Quin with his Compy. of Artillery & Capt. Fogartie with 
his Command of Militia are this Day to take Post on the Lines — 
Colo. Creighton Q.M.G. will provide Barracks for them as con- 
tigous as possible — Capt. Kingsberry with his Compy. will take 
post near the right & Capt. Quin on the left of the Redoubt on the 
right of the Lines — Capt. Fogartie to take pOst on the left of the 
Lines to the Guns nearest Port — All the heavy Cannon on the 
Lines to be supplied with 100 Rounds of Ammunition to each Gun 
25th. Parole C.S. 

B.G.Genl. Mcintosh. 

F.O. Lt. Col. Smith and Major Hogg, for tomorrow. 

The Light Companies of the 2d and 3d. So. Carolina Battalions 
are immediately to be formed agreeable to the Regulations of the 
Army — Lieut. Langford late of the 6th Regt. is ordered to Join 
the 2d Regt. 

The Genl. Court Martial of which Lt. Colo. Laurens was prest. 
has reported — Capt. Lt. Budd of the Contl. Battn. of Artillery 
arrested for neglect of duty and disobedience of Orders — Ac- 
quitted. The General Orders Capt. Lt. Budd to join his regiment. 

Capt. Quin commanding the Corps of Artificers — charged with 
being drunk & with ungentlemanlike behaviour — Mr. Quin having 
no Commission in the Army, but being employed by the Authority 
of the Q.H.G.& liable to Dismission by him in Case of Misconduct, 
& the Charge exhibited against him appearing an Offence against 
a Superior in his own Department — The Court is of the Opinion 
that the Matter ought to be dismissed & is cognizable by the 
Q.M.G. — The Genl. approves the Determination of the Court — 
The Genl. Court Martial of which Colo. Patten was Prest. is 

The Genl. Court Martial of which Lt. Colo. Laurens was Prest. 
have further reported Capt. Wm. Mitchell of the Contl. Regt. 
of Arty, arrested for Disobedience of Orders & being absent from 


his Encampment & Alarm Post on the Night of the 3d Inst. Ac- 
quitted— Cap t. Mitchell is ordered to join his Regt. 

The fatigue will parade tomorrow as directed the 22d. but at 
the Horn work instead of the Exchange. 

R.O. A Court Martial to sit this day for the Trial of all 
26th. Parole. C.S. 

B.G. Genl. Hogan. 

F.O. Lt. Colo. Harleston and Major Nelson, for tomorrow. 

It being necessary that all Boats should be obliged to land at 
one place & the Fish Market Wharf being the most convenient — 
The different Guards are ordered to prevent any Boat passing 
from the Town without previously examining it & to stop any per- 
son that may not be mentioned in the pass. They are also to 
sufifer no Boats to land at any Wharf or Landing place in the Neigh- 
bourhood of their Posts, but oblige them to proceed to the Fish 
Market Wharf. 

Capt. Tuff is appointed to superintend all Boats in the Harbour 
and none are to be suffered to pass without a written permit from 
him, from the Governor or from Head Quarters. The permit 
to mention the Number of Whites & Blacks & the Names of all 
Passengers who are to be suffered to pass. 

Patroles are to be sent ouj: from the different Guards within the 
Lines every two Hours with Orders to take up & send to the Main 
Guard every Sailor who may be found in any of the Streets or 
houses in Town, except the Bay Street, unless they have a Written 
pass from Commodore Whipple, or an Officer with them. The 
Order to be immediately communicated to the Officer of the Day. 

B.O. Two Commissioned Officers from Colo. Grimke's Regt. 
are wanted immediately — one to superintend the Lab^. & the 
other to attend the laying the Mortar at the East End of Tradd 
Street. The Mortar lying before Commodore Gillon's House to be 
mounted immediately under the Direction of Colo. Grimke who 
will order the necessary Stores to be taken down to the place & an 
Officer with a sufficient Number of Bombardiers posted to it. 

E.O. As Genl. Moultrie is to direct the Disposition of the 
Arty, at the different Batteries & Works in & about the Town — 
all Orders relative there to issued by him are to be obeyed — The 
Commissd. officers of the Line will receive one Gallon of Brandy 


per Man on sending to the Commissary. The fatigue as ordered 


27th. Parole. C.S. 

B.G, Genl. Mcintosh. 

F.Os. Colo. Malmedy and Major Lowe, for tomorrow. 

Colo Clarke is Feild Officer for the Day in the room of LT. Colo 
Harleston who is absent. 
28th. Parole. C.S. 

B.G. Genl. Hogan. 

F.Os. for tomorrow. 

The 2d and 3d. Continental Battalion of So. Carolina are to be 
paraded for Inspection on the left of the Horn Work tomorrow 
afternoon at 4 oClock — The Returns to be made agreeable to the 
Orders of the 8th. Jan. 1780. 

The other Batts. of Contl. Troops will be inspected in a few 

A.O. The F.Os. of the Day are requested to visit the Guards & 
Picquets separately, by which means there will be a constant Suc- 
cession of visiting Officers. 

The Bells of St. Michaels Church are to be rung by sombody 
appointed for that Purpose from the Main Guard every Quarter 
of an Hour throughout the Night and the Gentries of the different 
Guards are as soon as they hear it to cry aloud All's Well which 
will be communicated to the Brigr. Genl. of the Day immediately. 

In Case of an Alarm the Mariners, The Jas. Island Compy. the 
Detachment from the Berkley County Regt. under the Command 
of Lt. Colo. Garden, the Troop of Colo. Horry's Dismounted Dra- 
goons & Colo. Mattel's Corps are to occupy that part of the Lines 
between Mr. Livingston's House and the So. Bay & Gibbes Wharf 
& under the Command of Colo. Malmedy. The fatigue as usual. 

Colo. Malmady's Command will parade tomorrow Afternoon at 
5 oClock on their Alarm Post. 

B.O. An Officer with a fatigue Party from the Contl. Arty, to 
mount & Bring up the Guns to all the Embrazures on the Lines by 
order of Genl. Moultrie — This Work to be done immediately — if 
Negro Laboures are wanted they may be had by sending a Non- 
Comd. for them. 

The Contl. Arty, at Harleston's & Cummings Batteries will be 
relieved by Capt. Corronat tomorrow Morning at 8 oClock — • 


Should the Alarm begin from the Horn Work before that time Lt. 
Colo. Grimke's Corps as soon as relieved are to take Post to the 
Guns on the left of the Lines including the Advanced Battery — 
Major Grimball'sBattnjto take post to the Guns on the right of the 
Contl. along the Lines till he joins Capt. Quinn's & Capt. Kings- 
berry's on the right— The Field pieces to be placed wherever 
there is a vacancy on the platforms — Capt. Hayward with his 
Command to remain in the Horn Work. 

R.O. The Orderly & Company Books of the different Companies 
are expected to be left at the Comg. Officers Quarters next Monday 
Morning at 11 oClock. 

The Sentence of the Court Martial is approved of & the Major 
is ordered to put it in Execution at Evening Roll Call. The 
Court is dissolved. 

The Adjt. is to make a Return every Morning, of the Officers & 
Men who are absent at 9 oClock in the Evening & when ever the 
Alarm happens. 
29th. Parole. C.S. 

B.G. Genl. Mcintosh. 

F.Os. Colo. Bretagne, Lt. Colo. Harney, and Major Lewis, 
for tomorrow. 

The Light Companies of the 2d. and 3d. So. Carolina Batt"". 
are to hold themselves in readiness to march at 3 oClock this Af- 
ternoon — They with two Light Companies of the North Carolina 
Brigade will form a Battalion under the Command of Lt. Colo. 

The Inspection of the 2d. & 3d. So. Carolina Batt°'. is postponed 
for a few days that the Officers may prepare their Returns. 

All the Continental Officers of the Georgia Line are immediately 
to repair to Augusta & as soon as the New Arrangement has taken 
place, those retained will be sent on the recruiting Service. 

A. General Court Martial for the Trial of all Prisoners that may 
be brought before them is to sit immediately at the President's 
Quarters — Prest. Lieut. Colo. Wallace. Members 5 Capts. 2 
Subs, from Colo. Parkers Brigade. 3 Capts. 2 Subs, from Genl. 
Hogans Brigade. All witnesses to attend. Judge Advocate, Mr. 

Colo. Ternant will act as Adjt. Genl. till further Orders, he 
will therefore be obeyed & respected accordingly. 


30th. Parole. C.S. 

E.G. Genl Hogan 

F.Os. Colo. Skirvin, Lt. Colo. Hopkins, for tomorrow. 

Malor Hyrne having resigned his Appointment of Dep: Adjt. 
Genl. and Congress having been pleased to unite in the Main 
Army the Duties of Adjt. Genl. & Assistant Inspector Genl. Lt. 
Colo. Temant Inspector of this Army is requested to act as Adjt. 
Genl. until the pleasure of Congress be known. 

The Order of yesterday respecting the Contl. Officers of the 
State of Georgia is to be understood to relate only to the Officers 
who have been exchanged & are on Furlough in Virginia & else- 
where & not to those who are in Charlestown. 

At the Genl. Court Martial of which Colo. Patterson was Prest. 
Lieut. Moore of the Contl. Battn. of Artilly. was triedf or Disobedi- 
ence of Orders, found Not Guilty & Acquitted with Honour. The 
Genl. approves the Sentence & orders Lt. Moore to join his Corps . 
At the same Court Martial Capt. Wickly of The Contl. Arty, was 
tried — first for disobedience of Orders on the 20th. June, 1779. 
2d. For behaving in an Unsoldierly like manner before the face 
of the Enemy while on Detachment with Capt. Wilson. — 3d. For 
behaving in an Unsoldierly like manner before the Enemy on the 
Morning of October 9th. 1779. 4th. For Ungentleman like be- 
haviour. Found guilty of the 1st. Charge & Sentenced to be 
repremanded in Genl. Orders. The Genl, approves the Sentence 
& cautions Capt. Wickly against such unmilitary & dangerous 
Conduct in future, the Criminality of which was greatly heightened 
by his Disobedience in the face of the Enemy — Of the latter three 
Charges the Court are of the Upinion that he is not guilty & think 
them malicious and vexatious. 

Also Capt. L. Wilson was tried for Disobedience of Orders 
Neglect of Duty & making a false Return — found guilty & sen- 
tenced to be reprimanded in Genl. Orders. — The Genl. approves 
the Sentence, but is sorry to find in a Day when every attention 
to Orders & every exertion to a faithful Discharge of Duty are 
indispensable & the most exact Returns necessary, any Officer so 
regardless of these Essentials of Duty as to draw on himself the 
Judgment of a Court Martial that in All these Points he had 
offended — The Genl. hopes that Capt. Lt. Wilson will in the future 
be more on his Guard & that his diligence & Punctuality will be 


exemplary. Tho' the Court have found him guilty of making a 
false Return, yet they add not knowingly — As the Court offer a 
Palliation of the Crime of making a false return that he did not 
do it knowingly — The Genl. supposes that they were convinced 
the means of knowledge were not in his power. 

As the necessary Witnesses in the Case of Lt. Malary are not 
to be obtained, his Arrest is taken Off for the Present. 

E.O. The 3d. Regt. are to remove their Encampment to Bat- 
tery No. 1 on Cummings Point & the Comg. Offiger will see that a 
sufficient Guard with two Centinels without the Work be kept. 

The Troops are to sleep on their arms & the Officers will see 
that the Soldiers do not pull off their Cloathes. 

The Officers of the day besides visiting the Posts & Gentries 
are also to examine the Ten of the several Encampments that the 
above Order may be fully complied with. 

The Officers of the day are only to give one Counter sign at a 
time & deliver the 2d. at twelve oClock. 

R.O. The Regt. will move its Encampmt. to the following 
Batteries — Capt. De Trevill's & Jas. Mitchell's Compy. to the 
Battery on the Left of the Lines called No. 3. — 

Capt. Elliott with his Command to the 2 Gun Battery next on 
the Right No. 4. 

Capt. Wickly's Compy. with the Laboratory & Convalescent 
Men to the next battery named no. 5. 

Capt. Robert's & Capt. Wm. Mitchell's Company to the 8 
Gun battery on the front of the left Flank of the Virginia Encamp- 
ment No. 6. 

Capt. Templeton on the Redan on the reght of the Virginia 
Encampment No. 7. ' 

The two last Batteries will be under the Command of Major 
Mitchell who is to report what is wanting. 

A Court Martial to sit this Afternoon for the Trial of all prisoners. 

B.O. Morning Reports from the different Corps of the Bri- 
gade of the Artillery are to be delivered to the Brigade Major 
every Morning at 9 o Clock. 
31st. Parole. C.S. 

B.G. Genl. Mcintosh. 

F.O. Colo. Giles, Lt. Colo. Lytle, for tomorrow. 

Major Clarkson Aid de Camp to Genl. Lincoln is appointed 


Major of the Corps of Light Infantry under the Command of Lt. 
Colo. Laurens. 

A Subaltern's Command is to be furnished by each Cont. Bri- 
gade to parde every Evening at 6 oClock till further Orders — These 
two picquets will take post at the Post Gate & the Gate on the 
right of the Lines — place eight Gentries each upon the Borders of 
the advanced Canal in such manner that they may correspond with 
each other & give Notice of the least thing they can hear or see; 
upon which the Officer will reconnoitre himself & report accord- 
ingly — The Brigade Major of the day will post the Picquets every 
Evening & be answerable for the proper Distribution of the Gen- 
tries & Locking the outer Gates. 

Colo. Parker is to continue till further Orders to Garrison and 
keep a sufficient Guard in the Half Moon Batty, ordering the nec- 
essary Gentries within the Battery so as to secure more effectually 
that part of the Lines. 

One of the F.Os. of the day will order every Morning between 
daybreak & Sunrise a Patrole out of the advanced Post to the Dis- 
tance of 3 or 400 Yards to discover any of the Enemy that might 
have concealled themselves taking care to keep the nearest Gates 
shut whilst the party is out & the Guards under Arms. — The 
advanced party are not to quit their post without an Order from 
one of the Officers of the Day. 

B.O. Disposition for manning the Arty, on the North Lines 
left of the Hom-Work-Lt. Colo. Grimke's Corps & the Artificers 
under his Command will begin on the left of the Lines & man the 
Guns that are mounted on platforms & have the Ammunition & 
Stores provided & on the Spot allowing 6 Men per Gun — Major 
Grimball with his battn. to join immediately next to Lt. Colo. 
Grimke and man the Guns on the right so far as his Command 
will admit with the same proportion of Men and Officers — Ad- 
vanced Batteries included in the above Command. 

The Contl. & Chas. town Artillery Corps to report the number 
of Batteries they occupy tomorrow morning, & any Alterations 
that may occur by mounting or remounting Cannon. 

Capt. Hay ward two Subs. & 24 Men from the Charles Town 
Artillery to have the Charge of the Cannon in the Horn Work. 

{To he continued.) 


By Henry A. M. Smith 

Probably the most prominent among the settlers of South Caro- 
lina from 1669 to 1685 was Joseph West. No one by actual serv- 
ice contributed as much as he to the success of the colony. On 
27 July 1669 he was commissioned by the Lords Proprietors com- 
mander in chief of the very first fleet of three vessels which was 
to transport the first settlers and take possession of the Province 
or plantation called Carolina.^ His services had been engaged 
somewhat prior to this commission, for on 15 June 1669 a warrant 
was issued to deliver to Joseph West for the defence "of the plan- 
"tation called Carolina in the West Lidies four iron demi-culverin 
"and eight sacres, with ship carriages, ladles, sponges and lin- 
" stocks & 12 rounds of shot for each."^ West's commandership 
was to continue only until the fleet arrived at Barbados. There 
appears a commission from the Lords Proprietors, dated 26 July 
1669, appointing William Sayle Governor of the Province of Caro- 
lina.^ This commission was originally with the name blank and 
intended either for Sir John Yeamans, then in Barbados, or for 
some person to be selected by him; possibly in conference with 
Thomas Colleton a brother of Sir Peter Colleton also then in Bar- 
bados, and Major Nathaniel Kingsland.* The fleet under West's 
command arrived safely at Barbados. There apparently Sir John 
Yeamans took command and when the fleet (which had been badly 
damaged by a tempest in Barbados and there refitted) sailed for 
Carolina Sir John Yeamans, accompanied it as far as Bermuda 
where he is said to have filled Governor Sayle's name in the com- 
mission and himself returned to Barbados. West who had also 
been appointed the agent and storekeeper for the Lords Proprietors 
accompanied the fleet with Sayle and was among the first to land. 
He had been appointed deputy for the Duke of Albemarle and was 

1 Coll°« Hist. Soc. ofS. C, vol. 5, p. 123. 

* Ibid., p. 117. 

* Ibid., p. 119. 



from the first a member of the Grand Council.^ Governor Sayle 
being about to die nominated West as his successor and on the 
4 March 1670/1 immediately after Sayle's death the council elected 
West Governor.® He served until 19 April 1672 when he was sup- 
erseded by Sir Johjn Yeamans who had been appointed Governor 
by the Proprietors.^ On Sir John Yeaman's death in the Province 
early in August 1674 Joseph West was agaia elected Governor by 
the Grand Council to which position he had by the Proprietors 
already by an as yet undelivered commission of 18 May 1674 
been appointed. He served as Governor about ten years and was 
superseded by Joseph Morton who was commissioned 18 May 
1684.^ Scarcely a year later, on 11 March 1684/5 the Proprietors 
again commissioned West Governor.^ According to McCrady he 
did not actually assume the office until in September 1685.^° 
This seems hardly possible as on 9*'' Sept. 1685 the Proprietors 
address a communication to Joseph Morton as Governor.^^ The 
latest communication the writer has found from the Proprietors 
addressed to Joseph West as Governor is dated 30 July 1685.^^ 
It would appear that between 30 July and 9 Sepf 1685 Morton 
had succeeded West as Governor. According to Rivers, West 
sometirne in 1685 resigned the position of Governor; and left the 

"His leaving the Province is stated on authority of a brief no- 
"tice in some MS. notes from papers in London."^' Rivers adds, 
" I have not been able to discover anything relating to the life 
"of Col West after his retirement from office." McCrady says 
"nothing is known of his subsequent career" — but merely cites 
Rivers as his authority. In his whole career in Carolina he seems 
to have preserved the esteem and confidence both of the Proprie- 
tors and the people and to have administered the trusts confided 
to him, honestly, skilfully and successfully. Chalmers in his 

^ Ibid., pp. 132, 176. 

« Ibid., p. 276. 

^ M°Crady, So. Co. under Proprietary Gov^., p. 154. 

» Ibid., p. 194. 

9 ColF». Hist. Soc. ofS. C, vol. 1, p. 113. 

1" McCrady, supra, p. 206. 

" ColP^ Hist. Soc. ofS. C, vol. 1, p. 114. 

" Commissions and Instruction, 1685-1785, printed 1916, p. 40. 

" Rivers' Sketch, p. 141. 


"Political annals" (published in 1780) says of West "He is justly 
"celebrated for his courage, his wisdom, his moderation. "^^ 

In 1672 he had been created a Cassique and in May 1674 a 
Landgrave.^^ Under the provisions of the Fundamental Consti- 
tutions he was entitled as a Landgrave to four baronies of 12,000 
acres each or 48,000 acres in all. There is nothing on the record to 
show that he ever availed himself of this right, and received grants 
for the baronies. He managed the Proprietor's plantation on the 
Ashley river and had charge of their planting adventure, and in 
1675 was by them offered the plantation and plantation stock and 
equipment for their debt to him." This ofifer he then declined, but 
according to Chalmers in April 1677 the plantation and stock, the 
merchandise, and debts belonging to the Proprietors were assigned 
to him in discharge of his claims.^^ In 1680 he had received a 
grant for 1500 acres near the Cooper river which in 1686 he sold 
to James Le Bas.^^ In 1682 he had received a grant for lot N°. 
28 in Charles Town,^^ and in 1681 he had been granted 130 acres 
on Charles Town Neck part of the tract formerly allotted to Rich- 
ard Cole which 130 acres on 27 June 1687 he conveyed to James 
Martell Goulard de Vervent.^" As late as 14 July 1687 there is a 
letter from the Proprietors addressed to Landgrave Joseph West in 
CaroUna.^^ He appears thus to have remained or been in the 
province as late as July 1687 when he would seem to have disposed 
of all his property — at least his landed property in the Province. 
The writer has found no later evidence of his being in the Province. 

In 1892 the New York Historical Society pubUshed volume one 
of Abstracts of Wills in the Surrogates office of the County of 
New York. That gives (p. 186) the abstract of the will of a 
Joseph West dated 6 May 1691. The date of probate which would 
be some indication of the date of death is not given. The will 
leaves legacies to his kinsman William West woolen draper in Lon- 
don and to his kinsman Edward Hastings of Shipton Oxfordshire 

1* Carroll's Coll''', vol. 2, p. 311. 

» CoU"« Hist. Soc. ofS. C, vol. 5, pp. 402, 435. 

" S. C. Hist, and Gen. Mag., vol. XVI, p. 53. 

" Carrolls Coll''', vol. 2, p. 311. 

" 5. C. Hist, and Gen. Mag., vol. XIV, p. 138. 

" Ibid., vol. IX, p. 17. 

" /iii., vol. XIX, p. 11. 

^ Commissions and Instructions, 1685-1715, pp. 3, 41. 


Gentleman. After some other small legacies the abstract pro- 
ceeds that if M' Thomas Smith of Carolina does not pay to Joseph 
Harlem in Barbados the sum of £500, then all his (i.e. West's) es- 
tate in Carolina to be disposed of by his executors : and directs all 
his plate to be disposed of and after payment of debts and funeral 
expenses the remainder to be put in the hands of some honest, 
trusty, able men of the people called Quakers, to be disposed of 
among the Churches of that denomination in London. The execu- 
tor named in the will is Miles Foster. 

On p. 101 of the same volume the total estate consisting of cash 
and the proceeds of the sale of his plate is inventoried at £813. and 
his funeral expenses are stated at £24.4*. 

The general atmosphere of this will points to its being the will 
of Landgrave Joseph West, although he neither styles himself 
Landgrave nor as of Carolina. The uncertainty however, if any, 
from the will taken alone is removed by the language of a later 
power of attorney on record^^ here dated 7 March 1691/2 from 
"Miles fforster of y® Citty of New Yorke Merchant Sole Executor 
"of the Last will and Testament of Joseph West Esq Late of the 
"s^ Citty deceased and formerly of South Carolina" made to 
"my loving friend Thomas Smith of South Carolina." The 
power of attorney refers only to personal property of West in 
South Carolina viz: debts, goods, negroes, slaves &c &c and does 
not mention lands and as has been shown West would himself 
have appeared to have already disposed of his lands in Carolina. 
Taking the will and the power of attorney together there appears 
to be no doubt that the will was that of Landgrave Joseph West 
who had removed from Carolina to New York and there died some- 
time prior to March 1692 (new style). 

From the statement of his funeral expenses in the Surrogate's 
Court in New York the inference would be that he was buried in 
that City. There is a somewhat curious circumstance neverthe- 
less connected with this inference. On a map recorded in the office 
of the Registrar of Mesne Conveyances for Charleston County^^ 
on a lot at the then foot of Boigard (now called Bogard) street in 
the City of Charleston on the West side of then Pinckney street 
(now Rutledge avenue) being now the South East Corner of Rut- 

22 Off. Hist. Com'' Register of the Province of S. C, 1675-1696, pp. 200-201. 

23 Vol. E, N» 6, p. 453. 


ledge Avenue and Bogard street is a spot marked "Landgrave 
West's Tomb" This lot is on a part of the 130 acre grant sold by- 
West to Goulard de Vervent. The writer could from a superficial 
examination find no tomb there now. 

It may be that this was only a place prepared by Landgrave 
West, when he owned the tract, in contemplation of the time 
when a tomb would be needed by him. As the map was made as 
late as 1786 it is evident there must have been something there 
which for many years had been reputed to be Landgrave West's 
tomb. The writer has found nothing concerning West's life be- 
fore he was appointed to take charge of the fleet carrying the first 
settlers to the Province. Rivers says he was a "plebeian"^* but 
he appears to know nothing about him. West himself mentions a 
wife who stayed in England when he left with the fleet and asks 
that his salary be paid to her.^^ He mentions no other relatives 
until we come to the wiU referred to above. It is likely that the 
M" Joanna West who arrived in August 1671, and on account of 
whose arrival in the province an allowance of land was made to 
*'Coll. Joseph West," was his wife. (Printed Warrants 1672-1679, 
p. 63.) It may be that his wife later came out and joined him 
and became the occupant of the tomb on the 130 acre tract. The 
will would indicate some connection with the Quakers, but he was 
called "Captain" and later "Coll." and evidenced other warlike 
proclivities and activities not consonant with the Quaker profes- 
sion. However such inferences may be, there is little doubt the 
infant colony owed to him much if not most of its success, and 
taking all in all he may be characterized as the most capable and 
worthy of the colony's early rulers. He seems to have fully de- 
served the eulogistic language quoted from Chalmers, to which 
may be added that he apparently showed a conspicuous indiffer- 
ence to personal profit. There was another West — Samuel West — 
who also came out in the very first fleet at the same time as Land- 
grave Joseph West.^^ Samuel West took out grants for land set- 
tled and left descendants in South Carolina,-^ but the writer has 
never found anything on the record indicating any relationship 
with Joseph West. 

"Rivers, Sketch, p. 141. 

" Coll°« Hist. Soc. of S. C, vol. 5, pp. 270, 273, 299. 

^Ubid.,p. 136. 

" Ibid., p. 287. 


Aarons, Jacob, 176. 

Aarons, Rachel, 176 

Accabee, 45^7. 

Adams, Nathaniel, 165. 

Adie, John, 62. 

Aikin, John, 67. 

Albemarle, Duke of, 189. 

Alexander, Rabbi Abraham, 78. 

Allen Farm, 30. 

Allen, Henry, 163. 

Allen, James, 127. 

Allen, John, 127. 

Allen, Priscilla, 20. 

Allen, Thomas P., 31. 

Allen, William, 20, 26. 

Alleyn, Jane Knowles, 136. 

Allison, James, 140. 

Allston, Ann, 179. 

Alls ton, John, 171. 

Allston, Joseph, 78. 

Allston, Mary, 171. 

Allston, Rachel, 112. 

Allston, Thomas, 171. 

Allston, William, 113. 

Almanac, S. C, 119. 

Altaraxes, 52. 

Amory, Jonathan, 23, 26, 27, 57, 64. 

Amory, Judith, 26. 

Anderson, Mother, 116. 

Anderson, Capt. David, 176. 

Anderson, Mary, 176. 

Anderson, William, 166. 

Andrews, Benjamin, 53. 

Anna Brae Farm, 43. 

Anson, Capt. George, afterwards 

Baron Anson of Soberton, 44. 
Arnold, Elizabeth, 163, 
Amott, Anna, 92. 
Arthur, Nathaniel, 163. 
.\sh, Samuel, 171. 
Ash by, Ann, 171. 
Ashby, John, 123. 
Ashby, Mary, 123. 
Ashby Shukbrug, 123. 
Ashby, Thomas, 171. 
Ashley, Lord, 41. 
.\shley Ferry, 103. 
Ashley Hill, 146. 
Atchinson, John, 96. 
Atlantic Coast lane R.R. 51. 
Augeton, Elizabeth, 140. 
Austin, Col., 125. 
Avant, Mary, 162. 

Bachop, Capt. Peter, 170. 

Backer, John, 116. 

Backer, Sarah, 116. 

Backer, Susannah, 116. 

Bacot, Mr., 185. 

Bacot, D. Huger, Jr., 152. 

Baddely, Major, 102. 

Baddeley, Col. John, 111. 

Bailey, Peter, 172. 

Baker, Col. John, 77. 

Baker, Richard, 66, 67. 

Baker, Sarah, 140. 

Baker, Thomas, 140. 

Baldrick, Thomas, 67. 

Baldricks and Hickory Hill, 66-67. 

Ball, Elias, 9. 

Ball, John, 56. 

Ball, Joseph, 21. 

Bampfield, William, 19. 

Bainster, Nancy, 141. 

Banks, John, 109. 

Barbe d' Marbois, Francis, 79. 

Bard, Susannah, 175. 

Barnard, John, 96. 

Barnshaw, John, 111. 

Barney, John, 170. 

Barnwell, Joseph W., 1. 

Baron, Dr. Alexander, 53. 

Bart, Lise, 147. 

Barton, Priscilla, 128. 

Barton, Thomas, 128, 

Basquen, William, 138. 

Bassant, John, 37, 54, 55. 

Bassant and Orrill, 55. 

Bassett, Dorothy, 68. 

Bassett, Mary, 68. 

Bassett, Rev. Nathan, 68. 

Batchelors Hall, 18. 

Batten, Rebecka, 11. 

Batten, Richard, 10. 

Baxter, Joseph, 172. 

Bay, John, 111, 142. 

Baynard, Thomas, 79. 

Beachop, Peter, 145. 

Beadon, see Bedon. 

Beaird, Elizabeth, 132. 

Beaird, Matthew, 132. (2) 

Beak, Richard, 117. 

Beale, Othniel, 94. 

Beamor, James, 55. 

Beamor, Sarah, 54, 55, 58. 

Bearin, Ann, 132. 

Beauchamp, Stephen, 94. 




Beazley, Thomas, 118. 

Beazley, Susannah, 118. 

Bedon, Elizabeth, 16. 

Bedon, George, 8, 12, 15, 19. 

Bedon, Richard, 12. 

Bedon, Thomas, 94. 

Bee, Joseph, 164. 

Bee, Mary, 164. 

Beeman, Allen Everett, 149, 151. 

Beeman, Charles Carrington, 149. 

Beeman, Frederick D., 149. 

Beeman, Maria Hall Brisbane, 149. 

Beeman, Susannah Gillon, 149. 

Beerd, Timothy, 97. 

Begbie, Eleanor, 173. 

Begbie, Dr. Francis, 173. 

Belin, Allard, 164. 

Bell, Alexander, l79. 

Bell, George, 164. 

Bell, Capt. Joseph, 180. 

Bellinger, Capt., 51. 

Bellinger, Carnot, 52. 

Bellinger, Landgrave Edmund, 72, 

87, 88. 
Bellinger, Edmund, 48, 51, 52. 
Bellinger, Elizabeth, 88. 
Bellinger, Lucy, 96. 
Bellinger, William, 52. 
Bellinger Family, 50. 
Belmont, 33-35 
Belvedere, 23-25, 26. 
Belvedere Mill, 25. 
Benison, Elizabeth, 127. 
Benison, Francis Bremar, 126. 
Benison, George, 115, 126. 
Benison, Mary, 99. 
Benison, William, 127. 
Bennett, Hannah, 128 (5), 129. 
Bennett, John, 85, 128. 
Bennett, John Jr., 126. 
Bennett, Margaret, 126. 
Bennett, Samuel, 128 (5), 129. 
Bennett, WiUiam, 126, 128. 
Benoist, John, 130. 
Benoist, Peter, 130, 163. 
Berringer, Col. Jehu, 155. 
Berringer, Margaret, 69, 156. 
Beswick, John, 100. 
Bineau, Magdalen, 127. 
Birch, Sarah, 130. 
Bird, John, 37, 39, 55. 
Bisset, Susannah, 97. 
Black Beard, 121, 122. 
Black, Elizabeth, 110. 
Black, James, 110. 
Blair, Ann, 115. 
Blair, Catherine, 117. 
Blair, David, 117. 
Blake, Edward, 110. 

Blake, Joseph, 13, 14. 

Blamyer, John, 94. 

Blamyer, Mary, 94. 

Blamyer, Mary Jr., 94. 

Boilliot, Peter, 109. 

Boissard, Ann Judith, 166. 

Bond, Elizabeth, 115. 

Bond, Paddon, 117, 125. 

Bonhost, George, 127. 

Bonhoste, Hester, 141. 

Bonhoste, Jane, 125, 127. 

Bonhoste, Jonah, 125, 127. 

Bonneau, Floride, 134. 

Bonneau, Jane, 174. 

Bonneau, Josiah, 174. 

Bonneau, Judith, 135. 

Bonneau, Moses, 140. 

Bonneau, William, 98. 

Bonner, Ann, 179. 

Bonner, Avis, 172. 

Bonner, John, 172. 

Bonsell, Samuel, 144, 170. 

Bonsone, Jaques Philip, 171. 

Boone, Capers, 80. 

Boone, Elizabeth, 115, 125. 

Boone, Hannah, 125. 

Boone, John, 80. 

Boone, Mary, 80. 

Boone, Patie, 80. 

Boone, Susannah, 80, 115, 117. 

Boone, Thomas, 18, 80, 97, 113, US, 

Boone, Thomas, Jr., 125. 
Boone, William, 80. 
Booth, Elias, 126. 
Booth, Mary, 94. 
Booth, Robert, 94. 
Boswood, Samuel, 54. 
Bourdeaux, Israel, 96. 
Bourke, Thomas, 65. 
Bowen, John, 31. 
Bowen, John W., 31. 
Bowen farm, 30. 
Bower, William, 79. 
Bowers, John, 31. 
Bowman, James, 179. 
Bowman, Samuel, 132. 
Boyd, Elizabeth, 179. 
Boyd, Capt. Robert, 179. 
Boyles, Mr., 108. 
Bradley, Jane, 96. 
Brailsford, Elizabeth, 59. 
Brailsford, Samuel, 59. 
Braithwaite, John, 15. 
Bremar, Elizabeth, 162. 
Bremar, Francis, 49. 
Bremar, James, 162. 
Bretagne, Col., 185. 
Brett, Elizabeth, 112. 



Brewton, Col., 116. 

Brewton, John, 78. 

Brewton, Mary, 78. 

Brian, Mary, 131. 

Brisbane, Abbott Hall, 47. 

Brisbane, Adam Fowler, 49. 

Brisbane, Elizabeth, 47. 

Brisbane, John S., 46. 

Brisbane, John Stanyarne, 52;" 

Brisbane, John W., 47, 147, 148. 

Brisbane, Maria, 148. 

Brisbane, Maria Hall, 148, 149. 

Brisbane, Maria S., 46, 47, 148. 

Brisbane, Mary S., 147, 148. 

Brisbane, Robert (of Milton) 49. 

Brisbane, S. N., 147. 

Brisbane, William, 49. 

Brisbane, William H., 49-50. 

Brisbane burial place, 46-47. 

Britton, Elizabeth, 172. 

Britton, Henry, 172. 

Britton, Mary, 172. 

Bromley, Elizabeth, 113. 

Broughton, Thomas, 160. 

Brown, Alexander, 164. 

Brown, Bartholomew, 61. 

Brown, Charies T., 67, 68. 

Brown, David, 98. 

Brown, Deborah, 173. 

Brown, John, 43. 

Brown, Joseph, 112. 

Bruneau, Paul, 164. 

Brunson, William, 132. 

Bryan, Hugh, 167. 

Buchannon, WilUam, 134. 

Budd, Capt., 182. 

Budd, Hetty, 77. 

Budd, Dr. John, 77. 

Bull, Arthur, 133. 

Bull, Burnaby, 75. 

BuU, Capt. Burnaby, 48. 

Bull, Hannah, 75. 

Bull, Rachel, 48. 

Bull, Stephen, 4, 33, 35, 53, 75. 

Bull, WUliam, 75. 95. 

Bull's grant, 75-76. 

BuUard, Edward, 26. 

BuUard, Griffeth, 131. 

BuUoch, Dr. J. G., 88. 

Bulloch, James, 62. 

Bulloch, John, 42. 

Bulloch, Elizabeth, 114. 

Bullock, Mary, 42. 

Bullock, Samuel, 114. 

Burkhard, John, 105. 

Bumham, Charles, 24, 26, 27-29, 58. 

Bumham, Mary, 28. 

Bumham, Nicholas, 28. 

Burrows, William, 23. 

Busk, Richard, 165. 
Butler, Elizabeth, 51, 178. 
Butler, Joseph, 49, 51, 52. 
Butler, Mary Elliott, 41. 
Butler, Sarah, 48. 
Butler, Shem, 48, 49, 51. 
Butler, WiUiam, 40. 

Calais, (ferry), 39. 

Calder, John, 79. 

Calder, Sally, 79. 

Call, Benjamin, 179. 

Callebuflf, Ann, 124. 

Callebuff, Mary, 124. 

CaUibuff, Stephen, 124, 163, 167. 

Cameron, Mary, 143. 

Cameron, William, 139, 143. 

Camren, Anne, 98. 

Camp, The, 73-75. 

Campbell, Rachel, 173. 

Camphor, Priscilla, 139. 

Cannon, Daniel, 65, 72, 73. 

Cannon, Thomas, 140. 

Capers, Betsy, 140. 

Capers, Charles, 140. 

Capers, Richard, 163. 

Cames, Catherine, 127. 

Carnes, Samuel, 127. 

Carolina, The, 31. 

Carr, Abigail, 171. 

Carrington, Dr. Charles, 149. 

Carrington, Sarah Cowles, 149. 

Cart, John, 137. 

Carteret, Nicholas, 19. 

Carterett, later Cartwright, Hugh, 8, 

12, 15. 
Cartwright, Anne, 42. 
Cartwright, Daniel, 14, 15, 19, 48. 
Cartwright, Hugh, 14, 16-19, 134. 
Cartwright, Kezia, 165. 
Cartwright, Richard, 14, 16, 17, 18, 

19, 22, 39, 42. 
Cartwright, Robert, 17, 19. 
Castle Pinckney, 4, 91. 
Cater, Stephen, 110. 
Cater, Thomas, 64. 
Cattell, Andrew, 166. 
Cattell, Benjamin, 53. 
Cattell, Catherine, 130. 
Cattell, Charles, 130. 
Cattell, John, 53. 
Cattell, William, 53. 
Cawood, Elizabeth, 64. 
Cawood, John, 64. 
Chalmers, Ann, 113. 
Chalmers, Elizabeth, 114. 
Chahners, Dr. Lionel, 111, 113, 114, 

Chahners, Martha, 114, 118. 



Chalmers, Margaret, 113. 

Chalmers, Sarah, 111. 

Champneys, John, 99, 130, 168. 

Chapman, Mary, 133. 

Chapman, William, 53. 

Charleston and Charleston Neck, 
Original Grantees and the Settle- 
ments along the Ashley and 
Cooper Rivers, with map, by 
Henry A. M. Smith, 3-76. 

Charleston Club House, 85. 

Charleston Library Society, 95. 

Charleston, S. C. Dwelling Houses of, 

Charleston, Siege of, see Order Book 
of John F. Grimk6e. 

Charles Town, or Albemarle Point, 3. 

Chenie, Capt. Thomas, 173. 

Cheorekee Indians, Land grant, 157- 

Cherokee Indians, Lower, 158, 159, 

Cherokee Indians, names of Chiefs 
and Towns, 159-161. 

Cheves, Langdon, 1. 

Cheyilette, John, 56. 

Chevilette, Sarah, 56. 

Chicken, Thomas, 164. 

Chicora Park, 60. 

Chisolm, George, 63. 

Chouler, Dr. Joseph, 49. 

Christ Church Parish, Register, 80, 
114, 124. 

Christian, Francis, 130, 168. 

Christian, Mary, 130. 

Christie, Catherine, 136. 

Churne, Anthony, 36, 55. 

Clan, Daniel, 132. 

Clancy, William, 142. 

Clapp, Elizabeth, 24. 

Clapp, Gilson, 22, 24. 

Clapp, Margaret, 22. 

Clapp, Sarah, 131. 

Clark, Ann, 140. 

Clark, Arthur, 145, 170. 

Clark, Katherine, 170. 

Clark, John, 134. 

Clarkson, Major, 187. 

Cleiland, William, 143, 179. 

Clement, John, 38, 39. 

Clements, Mrs., 143. 

Clement's Ferry, 39. 

Clemmons, Robert, 164. 

Cleveland, John B., 1. 

Clifford, Stephen, 61. 

Clinchfield, and Ohio R. R. Co., 13. 

Clyatt, Samuel, 166. 

Coachman, Benjamin, 107. 

Coachman, Sarah, 107. 

Cobham, George, 136. 

Cobia, Ann, 33. 

Cobia, Daniel, 36. 

Cobia, Nicholas, 32. 

Cobley, Jemmet, 98. 

Cochran, Robert, 28, 29. 

Cochran, Robert E., 63. 

Cockfield, John, 48. 

Cockfield, Martha, 48. 

Cockfield, Mary, 48. 

Cockfield, Rachel, 48, 78. 

Cockfield, John, 75. 

Cockran, Elizabeth, 166. 

Coker, George, 166. 

Colcock, Charles J., 1. 

Cole, Richard, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13. 

Coleman, Edward Stanhope, 176- 

Colleton, Gov. James, 25. 
Colleton, Hon. John, 17. 
Colleton, Sir John, 18. 
Colleton, Sir Peter, 41, 189. 
Colleton, Thomas, 189. 
Collings, see Collins. 
Collins, John, 66. 
Collins, Jonah, 88. 
Collins, Jonathan, 21, 97. 
Collins, Mary 21, 134. 
Collins, Sarah, 21. 
Comerford, James, 167. 
Commet, Peter, 22. 
Coming, Affra, 7, 9. 
Coming, John, 5, 7, 8, 9, 10, 67, 68. 
Comty, Major John, 138. 
Conyers, Clement, Jr., 111. 
Cook, Ann, 128, 129. 
Cook, Edward, 99. 
Cook, Elizabeth, 135. 
Cook, Hannah, 128. 
Cook, James, 139. 
Cook, Joseph, 128. 
Cook, Margaret, 139. 
Cook, Mary, 128. 
Cook, William, 22, 128, 129. 
Cooper, Eleana, 26. 
Cooper, Elizabeth, 132. 
Cooper, Thomas, 24, 26. 
Copeland, John, 171. 
Copithom, Capt. John, 176. 
Cordes, Elizabeth, 112. 
Cordes, Samuel, 112. 
Cordes, Thomas, 112. 
Corker, Richard, 163. 
Com Hill, 48. 
Corsan, Robert, 132. 
Cottingham, John, 11, 12. 
Cotton Gin, Whitney, 151. 
Country Club, Charleston, S. C, 25 
Courtney, Hon. William A., 95. 



Cowles, Capt. George, 107. 

Cowles, Mary, 107. 

Cox, Joseph, 78. 

Cox, Polly, 78. 

Craft, John, 135. 

Crane, John, 112. 

Craven, Charles, 24. 

Craven, Gov. Charles, 74. 

Craven, William, Lord, 24. 

Creighton, Col., 182. 

Creighton, James, 106. 

Creighton, John, 44. 

Cripps, Mary_, 146. 

Croft, Catherine, 35, 36. 

Croft, Childermas, 30, 32, 35, 36, 

Croft, Edward, 115. 
Croft, John George, 115. 
Croft, Sarah, 35, 36. 
Croft, Susannah, 80, 115. 
Crokatt, Esther, 56. 
Crokatt, James, 56. 
Crooks, Rev. Pogson, 146. 
Croskeys, John, 140. 
Croskeys, Joseph, 26, 27, 28. 
Croskeys, Nancy, 140. 
Cross, Sarah Susannah, 105. 
Culpeper, John, 16, 20. 
Cumerton, Philip, 47. 
Cumine, John, 175. 
Cunnington, William, 23. 
Curtis, Francis L., 72. 
Curtis, Frances S., 72. 
Cusack, Anna, 137. 
Cusack, James, 137. 
Cuthbert, Betsy, 143. 
Cuthbert, Dr. James, 143. 
Cuthbert, Robert, 64. 
Cuttino, Jeremiah, 166. 

DaCosta, Isaac, 62. 

Dalbrae, Catherine, 131. 

Dale, Thomas, 58, 62. 

Dalton, John, 10. 

Dalton, Joseph, 8, 12, 13, 14, 16, 17. 

Dandridge, Francis, 131 

Dandridge, George, 131. 

Dandridge, Mary, 94. 

Daniel, Adam, 112. 

Daniel, Frances, 112. 

Daniel, John, 94. 

Daniel, Landgrave Robert, 18, 68. 

Daniels Island, 5. 

Darby, Artemas Burnham, 29. 

Darby, James, 28, 29. 

Darby, Margaret, 29. 

Darrell, Elizabeth, 81. 

Darrell, James, 81. 

Darrell, Robert, 81. 

Dart, Amelia, 46. 

Dart, Benjamin, 45, 46. 

David, Peter, 133. 

Davis, Ann, 113. 

Davis, John Maynard, 43. 

Dawes, Mary, 174. 

Dawes, Ralph, 174. 

Dawson, Thomas, 111. 

Deane, Andrew, 94. 

Deas, David, 111. 

de Bardeleben, Arthur, 22. 

de Bretange, Col., 104. 

D'Harriette, Benjamin, 21. 

de la Motta, Rachel, 78. 

Delature, Susannah, 140. 

Delebach, John George, 165. 

Delebach, Mary, 165. 

Delescure, Penelope, 97. 

Deliesseline, Francis, 179. 

della Torre, Thomas, 123. 

Deloney, Mary, 98. 

Dempsy, — , 175. 

Dennis, Benjamin, 56. 

De Pacios, Joseph, 172, 178. 

De Palocias, Sarah, 178. 

De Pass, Abraham, 78. 

DePlesis, Mary, 166. 

Depony, Alexander, 126. 

Depony, Ann, 126. 

Desaussure, Henry, 173. 

Desaussure, William, 173. 

DeTreville, Capt., 187. - 

Deva, — , 116. 

Deva, Peter, 117. 

Deva, Richard, 124. 

Deveaux, Hannah, 145, 171. 

Deveaux, James, 178, (2). 

Deveaux, Sarah, 175. 

Dews, William, 166. 

Deyos, Richard, 36, 55. 

Diamond, John, 56. 

Dickerson, Thomas, 64. 

Dickinson, Henry, 111. 

Dill, Elizabeth, 139. 

Dill, Joseph, 139. 

Disher, R. W., 32. 

Disher Farm, 32. 

Dixie, James, 178. 

Dixon, Thomas, 47. 

Dods, John, 99. 

Donovan, James, 31, 32. 

Don worth, Peter, 176. 

Dorrill, Elizabeth, 114, 115, 118, 124. 

Dorrill, Frances, 179. 

Dorrill, James, 114, 115. 

Dorrill, Jonathan, 118. 

Dorrill, Major Joseph, 179. 

Dorrill, Martha, 126. 

Dorrill, Robert, 114, 115, 118, 124. 



Dott, David, 110. 

Doughty, Thomas, 130, 163, 172. 

Douglas, Charles, 72. 

Dover (ferry), 39 

Downes, Arthur, 106. 

Dowse, Hugh, 133. 

Drake, John, 113. 

Drayton, John, 14. 

Dry, Robert, 60, 61. 

Dry, William, 61, 62, 63, 64. 

Duboise, Frances, 79. 

Duboise, James, 79. 

du Bosc, Jacques, 122. 

Ducket, Lilian, 132. 

Ducket, Robert, 132. 

du Gue, — , 123. 

Duke, Benjamin, 107. 

Duke, Elizabeth, 77. 

Dulles, Joseph, 138. 

Dunbar, Thomas, 107. 

Dunbar, Walter, 96, 132. 

Dundibibin, Major, 102, 181. 

Dungeon and the Gallows, The, 32. 

Dunmere, Mary, 98. 

Dunwoody, William, 165. 

Dupont, Alexander, 131. 

Dupont, Elizabeth Jane, 109. 

Dupont, John, 109. 

Dupont, Margaret, 112. 

Dupont, Gideon, F., 112. 

Du Pre, Cornelius, 112. 

Dupre, Mary, 142. 

Durand, Carlotta, 116. 

Durand, Rev. Levi, 80, 81, 99, 116, 
117, 124, 127, 128. 

Durand, James, 127. 

Durand, Susannah, 117, 124, 127, 

Durand, Thomas, 80, 124, 128. 

Dutarque, Mary, 164. 

Dutart, Esther, 114. 

Dutch East India Company, 110. 

Duva, see Deva. 

Dwelling Houses of Charleston, (re- 
view of) 83-85. 

Dwight, Rev. Daniel, 130, 132, 135. 

Eaton, Jeremiah, 77. 

Eaton, Joshua, 175. 

Easton, Nancy, 111. 

Easton, Walter, 111, 144, 170. 

Eddings, Providence, 142. 

Eden, Elizabeth, 81, 129. 

Eden, Francis, 125. 

Eden, James, 81. 

Eden, James Jr. 81, 128, 129, (2). 

Eden, Jonah, 117, 124, 125, 129. 

Eden, Joshua, 81. 

Eden, Martha, 128. 

Eden, Mary, 128, 129. 

Eden, Mary Christiana, 128, 129. 

Eden, Sarah, 117, 124, 125, 129. 

Eden, Thomas, 134. 

Eden, William, 81. 

Edes, James, 97. 

Edisto Phosphate Company, 31. 

Edwards, Anne, 36, 134. 

Edwards, Christopher, 36, 54, 55, 57, 

Edwards, Edward, E., 40. 
Edwards, Margaret, 36. 
Edwards, William, 56. 
Elders, Eleanor, 164. 
Ellery, Thomas, 54. 
Elliott, Capt., 181. 
Elliott, Ann, 38, 47. 
Elliott, Artemas, 28, 61. 
Elliott, Barnard, 42, 45, 47, 144, 

145, 170, (2). 
Elliott, Benjamin, 176. 
Elliott, Beulah, 38. 
Elliott, Elizabeth, 40-41. 
Elliott, Jehu, 38. 
Elliott, Joseph, 38. 
Elliott, Margaret, 28. 
Elliott, Mary, 28. 
Elliott, Mary Ann, 99. 
Elliott, Robert, 61. 
Elliott, Sabina, 47. 
Elliott, Sarah, 38. 

Elliott, Thomas, 37-39, 40, 94, 176. 
Elliott, WiUiam, 40, 45^7, 48. 
Ellis, Catherine, 110. 
Ellis, Margaret, 165. 
EUis, Richard, 110, 142. 
Ebns, William, 79. 
Emett, Esther, 126. 
Emett, John, 117. 
Emett, Jonathan, 117, 126. 
Emett, Sarah, 117, 126. 
Emms, Elizabeth, 141. 
English, Hannah, 50, 51. 
English. Henroydah, 49, 74. 
Etiwan River, 5. 
Evance, Branfil, 30. 
Evance, Charlotte, 112. 
Evance, Samuel Baker, 30. 
Evance, Rebecca, 30. 
Evance, Thomas, 112. 
Evans, James, 117. 
Evans, Elizabeth, 145, 170. 
Evans, John, 117, 118, 124, 138, 

145, 167, 170. 
Evans, Mary Honour Catherine, 117, 

Evans, Rebecca, 118. 
Evans, Sarah, 118. 
Evans, William, 124. 



Ewing, Robert, 174. 
Exmouth, 17. 

Faber, Maria C, 50. 

Faber Place, 48-50. 

Fairchild, Mrs. 172. 

Fairchild, Elizabeth, 133. 

Fairlawn, 49. 

Fairy Hill, 137. 

Faissoux, Daniel, 166. 

Falconer, John, 33, 34, 50, 53. 

Farquharson, Francis, 135. 

Farr, Ann, 138. 

Farr, John, 108. 

Farr, Thomas, 138. 

Fawson, Francis, 140. 

Fayssoux, Daniel, 99. 

Fell, Isaac, 139. 

Fell, Thomas, 143. 

Fendin, John, 164. 

Fen wick, John, 55. 

Ferguson, James, 58. 

Ferguson, William, 165. 

Fesch, Andrew, 14. 

Fetteressa, 52-54. 

Fickling, John, 142. 

Field, John, 108. 

Field, Margaret, 108. 

Fields, Sarah, 79. 

Filben, Charles, 63, 66, 67, 72. 

Filben, John, 66, 70, 72. 

Filben, Flora, (free person of color) 

Filbens, 72. 
Filbens Creek, 66. 
Fisher, — (Inn keeper at Four Mile 

House), 32. 
Fitch, Ann, 132. 
Fitch, Constantine (or Constance) 

Fitch, Jonathan, 53. 
Fitch, Joseph, 51. 
Fitch, Thomas, 53. 
Flagg, Henry Collins, 112. 
Fleck, Mary, 179. 
Fleming, Maurice, 164. 
Fleming, Thomas, 92, 94. 
Fogartie, Capt., 182. 
Fogartie, Mary Amelia, 139. 
Ford, Miss, 173. 
Ford, Sarah, 96. 
Ford, William, 165. 
Fordyce, Rev. John, 97, 99, 131, 

135, 162. 
Fort Pinckney, 4, 91. 
Fort Prince George, 158. 
Foster, Arthur, 58. 
Foster, Rev. John, 155. 
Foster, Mary, 58. 

Foster, Miles, 192. 

Foster, Thomas, 78. 

Four Mile House, 32. 

Fourth Brigade, 23. 

Fowler, Jonathan, 127. 

Fowler, Martha, 127. 

Fowler, Richard, 127. 

Francis, Edward, 53. 

Franks, Deborah, 135. 

Eraser, Charles, 29, 84. 

Eraser, John, 30. 

Eraser, Simon, 174. 

Frederick, Sarah, 137. 

Freeman, William George, 14. 

Frierson, John, 141. 

Frost, Mrs., 31. 

Frost, Frank R., 1. 

Fuller, Ann, 95. 

Fuller, Joseph Whitmarsh, 53. 

Fuller, Nathaniel, 131. 

Fuller, Whitmarsh, 53. 

Fulward, William, 39. 

Gadsden, Thomas, 13, 14, 15, 19. 

Gaillard, Alcimus, 163. 

Gaillard, Elizabeth, 175. 

Gaillard, Tacitus, 127. 

Gaillard, Theodore, 60, 175. 

Gaillard, Theodore, Jr., 22. 

Gale, Daniel, 16, 18. 

Gale, Hannah, 16, 18. 

Garden Alexander, 15. 

Garden, Rev. Alexander, 96, 98, 99, 

130, 132, 133, 139, 162. 
Garden's Anecdotes, 34. 
Gardener, Daniel, 165. 
Garnier, Magdaline, 33, 35. 
Gascoyne, Charles Richard, 163. 
Gascoigne, Capt. John, 88, 89. 
Geiger, Betsy, 179. 
Geiger, John, 179. 
Gendron, Elizabeth, 163. 
German Rifle Club, 22. 
Geyer, Rudolph C, 67, 72, 73. 
Gibbens, Elizabeth, 81, 114, 127. 
Gibbens, John, 81, 114, 115, 118, 

Gibbens, Robert, 81, 114. 
Gibbes, Alice, 126. 
Gibbes, Betsy, 77. 
Gibbes, Constantia, 80, 125. 
Gibbes, Elizabeth, 80, 116, (92), 

118, 124, 125, 126. 
Gibbes, George, 124. 
Gibbes, John, 15, 127, 179. 
Gibbes, Joseph, 138. 
Gibbes, Robert, 98, 99, 115, 117, 

118, 124. 
Gibbes, Susannah, 115. 



Gibbes, WiUiam, 77, 80, 98, 99, 116, 

Gibbes, William Alston, 145. 
Gibbes, William Hasell, 145, 170. 
Gibbins, Gibbons, see Gibbens. 
Gibbon, Edmund, 57, 61. 
Gibbon, Francis, 57. 
Gibbon, William, 64, 88. 
Gibbons Bluff, 58, 60. 
Gibbons, John, 173. 
Gibbons, Mary, 139. 
Gibbons, William, 139. 
Gibson, Hugh, 175. 
Gilbroy, John, 180. 
Gilbroy, Margaret, 180. 
Gilchrist, Adam, 77. 
Giles, Col., 187. 
Gillideau, Mary, 137. 
Gillon, Alexander, 47, 109, 146-151, 

Gillon, Alexander, Bible of, 146-151. 
Gillon, Ann Maria, 147. 
Gillon, Ann Purcell, 147-148. 
GiUon, Brisbane, 147, 148. 
Gillon, Mary, 146, 149. 
Gillon, Mary Susannah, 148, 150. 
Gillon, Sarah Harriett, 47. 
GiUon, Sarah N., 148.'. 
Gllon, Susannah, 149. 
Gillon's Retreat, 150. 
Givens, John, 176. 
Glen, Gov. James, 25, 96, 97, 98. 
Glen, James Streator, 67. 
Glen, John, 65, 73. 
Glen, John Streator, 65. 
Glen, Margaret, 67. 
Glen, William, 132, 134, 174. 
Glover, Charles, 62. 
Glover, Elizabeth, 140. 
Glover, Joseph, 140. 
Glover, Wilson, 60, 85. 
Godfrey, John, 11, 12, 133. 
Godfrey, Mary, 162. 
Godfrey, Richard, 98, 133. 
Godin, Elizabeth, 171. 
Godin, Isaac, 171. 
Goelett, James, 99. 
Golden, Ann, 111. 
Goldwire, Elizabeth, 175. 
Golightly, Culcheth, 49. 
GoU, Anna, 94. 
Goll, Christian, 92, 94. 
GoU, IsabeUa, 94. 
Goodwyn, James Verlin, 
Gordon, Isabell, 98. 
Gordon, James, 105. 
Gordon, John, 143. 
Gottier, Francis, 98, 106. 
Gough, Mrs., 143. 

Gough, John, 143. 

Goulard de Vervent, James Martell, 

191, 193. 
Gourdine, Theodore, 175. 
Governors House, 24. 
Grace, Richard, 118. 
Gracia, Anthony, 132. 
Grafton, Bennet, 144. 
Graham, Elizabeth, 136. 
Graham, Frances, 173. 
Graham, Capt. James, 35, 36. 
Graham, John, 173, 180. 
Grange, Col. Hugh, 24. 
Grant, Capt. 81. 
Grant, James, 67. 
Grant, John, 81, 143. 
Grant, Katherine, 81. 
Grant, Ludovick, 157. 
Gray, SibeUa, 165. 
Gray, T., 5, 

Grayson, Elizabeth, 179. 
Grayson, John, 179. 
Greaves, Leonard, 22. 
Green, Daniel, 55. 
Green, Daniel John, 139. 
Green, Margaret, 179. 
Green, Polly, 139. 
Greene, Thomas, 167. 
Gregory, John, 98. 
Grey, Ann, 118. 
Grey, Henry, 118. 
Grier, Rebecca, 172. 
Grier, Joseph, 172. 
Grimball, Major, 102. 
Grimball, Ann, 162. 
Grunball, Paul, 54. 
Grimk6, John Faucheraud, 108. 
Grimk6, John Faucheraud, Order 

Book, 101, 104, 181. 
Grimke, John Paul, 162. 
Gudgerfield, Thomas, 49. 
Guerin, Susannah, 138. 
Guerry, Elijah, 125. 
Guerry, Elizabeth, 133. 
Guerry, James, 113. ' 

Guerry, Peter, 125. 
Guerry, Stephen, 113. 
Guignard, Gabriel, 98, 99, 167. 
Guinard, Peter, 14. 
Gunston, Thomas, 11, 12. 
Guttry, Mark, 99. 
Guy, Christopher, 162. 
Guy, Rebecca, 98. 
Guy, Rev. William, 95, 98, 162. 
Guy, William, Jr., 131, 132, 133, 162. 

Haddrell, — , 125. 
Hahnbaum, Dr. George, 30, 108. 
1 Hahnbaum, John, 108. 



Haig, George, 38, 171. 

Haig, Dr. Robert McKewn, 38. 

Hall, Daniel, 137. 

Hall, George, 137. 

Hall, John, 137, 138. 

Hall, Mary, 134. 

Hall, Thomas, 177. 

Hamilton, Mary, 140 

Hamilton, Paul, 22. 

Hamlin, Ann, 126. 

Hamlin, Mary, 126. 

Hamlin, Thomas, 126, 143. 

Hampton, Col., 103. 

Hampton, Wade, 38, 44. 

Hampton Park, 15. 

Hanckel, Rev. Christian, 148. 

Handcock, Mary, 99. 

Hanner, Catherine, 174. 

Happoldt, Christian D., 36. 

"Happy Retreat," 62. 

Harbison, Dorothy, 174. 

Harbison, Capt. John, 174. 

Harden, Col. William, 178. 

Hardy, Samuel, 176. 

Hare, Edward, 59. 

Hargan, Susannah, 140. 

Harlem, Joseph, 192. 

Harleston, Major, 104, 183. 

Harlefeton, John, 9. 

Harney, Col., 181. 

Harris, Mrs., 172. 

Harris, Nathan, 172. 

Harris, Sarah, 26. 

Harris, Dr. Tucker, 26, 27. 

Harrys, Elizabeth, 141. 

Hart, Charles, 17, 22, 24, 26 

Hart, Lieut. Christopher, 136. 

Hart, John, 141. 

Hart, Capt. John, 77. 

Hart, Joshua, 176. 

Hart, Shankey, 176. 

Hartley, John NeVton, 112. 

Hartley, Margaret, 108. 

Hartley, Mary, 112. 

Hartley, S., 81. 

Hartley, Samuel, 12. 

Hartley, Thomas, 108. 

Hartman, Catheirine, 124. 

Hartman, Elizabeth, 116. 

Hartman, Hannah, 124. 

Hartman, Ruth, 116, 124. 

Hartman, Sarah, 114. 

Hartman, William, 114, 116, 124. 

Harvey, Childermas, 36. 

Harvey, Mary, 175. 

Harvey, Maurice, 78. 

Harvey, Sarah, 78. 

Harvey, William, 98. 

Hasell, Rev. Thomas, 96, 131, 163. 

Hasell, Thomas, Jr., 131. 
Hastings, Edward, 191. 
Hatcher, Esther, 116. 
Hatcher, James, J. C, 178. 
Hatcher, Joseph, 114, 115, 116, 118. 
Hatcher, (or Hatched) Mary Ann, 

115, 118. 
Hatcher, Richard, 118. 
Hatcher, Thomas, 118. 
Hatches, Ann, 114, 115. 
Hatches, Joseph, 114, 115. 
Hatfield, John, 139. 
Hatfield, Margaret, 139. 
Hawett, Williata, 37, 57, 58. 
Hawkes, John, 55. 
Hayes, Martha, 107. 
Hayne, Col. Isaac, 44. 
Haynes, Joseph, 116. 
Hayward, Capt., 185. 
Hazelwood, Elizabeth, 116. 
Heatley, Sophia, 138. 
Heatley, William, 138 (misprinted 

Hepworth, Ann, 55. 
Hepworth, Thomas, 55. 
Heron, Benjaanin, 144. 
Heron, Elizabeth, 144. 
Herox, Elenor, 99. 
Herriot, John, 112. 
Hesket, John, 78. 
Hesket, Martha, 78. 
Heth, Col., 104. 
Hext, Alexander, 96. 
Heyward, Annie Louise, 13. 
Heyward, Daniel, 100. 
Hejnvard, Hannah, 73. 
Heyward, Nathaniel, 39, 41, 56, 
Hibben, Andrew, 107. 
Hickory HiU, 66-67. 
Hicks, George, 79. 
Hicks, Pblly, 79. 
Higgins, Michael, 94. 
Higgins, Rachel, 107. 
Higgs, George, 57. 
Hill, Capt. 178. 
Hill, Charles, 13, 14. 
Hill, Christopher, 94. 
Hill, Capt. Francis, 173. 
HiU, Sarah, 173. 
HiU, Thomas, 144, 170. 
HiUiard, James, 133. 
Hinton, Col., 102. 
Hobkins, Mr., 18. 
Hoderpyl, Peter, 149. 
Hodge, F. W., 158. 
Hodges, Sarah, 17. 
Hogan, Gen., 101, 103. 181. 
Hog Island, 91-94. 
Hog Island and Shutes Folly, 87-94. 



Hogan, Gen., 181. 

Hogg, Major, 182. 

Hogg, Hannah, 98. 

Holbrook, Mrs. Harriott Pinckney, 35. 

Holden, Mary Ann, 131. 

Holliday, William, 65. 

Hollister, Gideon H., 149. 

HoUister, Abbott Brisbane, 148. 

Hollister, G. H., 148. 

Hollister, Gertrude, 148. 

Hollister, John Brisbane, 148. 

Hollister, Robert Treat, 148. 

HoUybush, Alice, 116. 

HoUybush, Judah, 55. 

Holmes, Andrew Boone, 115. 

Holmes, Catherine, 81, 117, 125. 

Holmes, David, 138. 

Holmes, Elizabeth, 117. 

Holmes, Henry S., 1. 

Holmes, Isaac, 113. 

Holmes, John, 81, 117, 125, 174. 

Holmes, Mark, 125. 

Holmes, Paty, 81. 

Holroyd, Elizabeth, 179. 

Holt, Major Samuel Nelson, 172. 

Hope, John, 125. 

Hope, Mary, 114. 

Hope, Sarah, 125. ^ 

Hope, Susannah, 125. 

Hopkins, Col., 181, 186. 

Hopkins, Allen, 175. 

Hopkins, Frances, 138. 

Hopkins, Samuel, 138, 175. 

Hopton, William, 131. 

Horry, Daniel, 96, 177. 

Horry, Elias, 139, 145, 164. 

Horry, Elizabeth, 143, 

Horry, Miss, 174. 

Horry, Thomas, 174. 

Houckgeest, see van Braam Houck- 

Howarth, Hester, 35, 36. 
Howarth, Probart, 35. 
Howell, WiUiam, 94. 
Howser, John, 179. 
Huger, Gen., HI. 
Huger, Gen. Isaac, 36. 
Huger, Isaac Jr., 36. 
Huger, John, 137. 
Huggins, Elia, 141. 
Hughes, Greenberry, 141. 
Hughes, Henry, 7, 8, 9, 47, 137, 174 
Hughes, Thomas, 137. 
Hughs, Jenkin, 133. 
Hull, Capt. John, 171. 
Hume, Alexander, 18, 22. 
Hume, John, 130. 
Hume, Robert, 18, 22. 
Humphries, Mr., 174. 

Hunt, Thomas, 60. 
Hunter, Miss, 175. 
Hunter, George, Map of the Chero- 
kee Country, 158. 
Hunter, James, 113. 
Hunter, John, 72. 
Hunter, Dr. William, 175. 
Hurst, Ann, 73. 
Hurst, Beiijamin, 63, 73. 
Hurst, Joseph, 63, 65, 72, 73. 
Hurst, Robert, 72. 
Hurst, Samuel, 96. 
Hurst's or Simpson's, 63-65. 
Hurt, Mary, 57. 
Hurt, Thomas, 5, 56, 57, 58. 
Hutchins, Joseph, 62. 
Hutchinson, Elizabeth, 138, 178. 
Hutchinson, Jetemiah, 138. 
Hutchinson, Joseph, 141. 
Hutchinson, Mathias, 178. 
Hutchinson, Ribton, 162. 
Huzza Creek, 67. 
Hyrne, Major, 186. 
Hyrne, John, 35, 110. 
Hyrne, Mary Ann, 138. 

Indian Land Grant, 157-161. 

Inglis, Alexander, 173. 

Inglis, George, 145, 170. 

Inglis, Mrs. Mary, 173. 

Inns, William, 98. 

I'On, Elizabeth, 117. 

I'On, Jacob Bond, 125. 

I'On, Mary Ashby, 123. 

I'On, Richard, 117. 

I'On, Susannah, 117. 

Irby, Charles, 79. 

Irvin, Ann, l73. 

Irving, Dr. John, 44. 

Irving, Dr., History of the Turf in 

S. C, 4. 
Iten, see Eden. 
Izard, Elizabeth, 110. 
Izard, Maj. Gen. George, 74. 
Izard, Henry, 42, 74, 75. 
Izard, Ralph, 41, 42, 64, 74, 75, 110, 

Izard, Margaret, 141. 
Izard's Camp, 74. 

Jacks, Ann, 145. 
Jacks, James, 145. 
Jackson, Major, 101, 181. 
Jackson, George, 165. 
Jackson, Col. James, 139. 
Jackson, John, 3\ 
Jackson, Original, 33. 
Jackson, Thomas, 77. 
Jacobs, Abraham, 176. 



James, Elizabeth, 164. 

James Island Company, 184. 

Janvier, Lewis, 97. 

Jaudon, Paul, 97. 

Jeannerett, Jacob, 166. 

Jenkins, Ann, 167. 

Jenkins, Joseph, 139, 145, 170. 

Jenkins, Martha, 139. 

Jenkins, Mary, 113. 

Jenkins, Micah, 113. 

Jenkins, Michael, 142. 

Jennings, 173, 

Jenys, Paul, 160. 

Jervey, Theodore D., 1. 

Joell, Capt. Thomas, 177. 

John Adams, (frigate), 28. 

Johnson, David, 117. 

Johnson, John, 96. 

Johnson, John Jr., 38. 

Johnson, Gov. Robert, 24. 

Johnson, William, 38, 39, 66, 67, 72, 

Johns on, Andrew, 38. 
Johnston, John, 163. 
Jones, Ann, 116, 124. 
Jones, Rev. David, 150. 
Jones, Dr. George, 139. 
Jones, Rev. Lewis, 97, 98, 131. 
Jones, Margaret, 116. 
Jones, Mary, 114, 124. 
Jones, Mary Ann, 165. 
Jones, Noble Wimberly, 139. 
Jones, Patience, 135. 
Jones, Thomas, 97, 114, 124. 
Jones, William, 116, 125. 
Joor, Catherine, 142. 
Joor, John, 142. 
Joy, Benjamin, 127. 
Joy, Catherine, 127. 
Joy, Elizabeth, 80. 
Joy, Samuel, SO, 127. 
Judson, Amos, 107. 
June, George, 131. 

Kaufman, A. C, 50. 
Keating, Ann, 133. 
Kelsey, Mrs., 139. 
Kelsey, William, 139. 
Kennedy, James, 113. 
Kennedy, Capt. James, 113 (2). 
Kennedy, Mathew, 136. 
Kennis, William, 8, 20, 23, 27. 
Kershaw, WiUiam, 177. 
Kimberly, Isabel, 92, 94. 
Kimberly, Thomas, 94. 
King, Mrs. 141. 
King, Benjamin, 141. 
King, John, 55, 146. 
King, Martha, 163. 

King, Mitchell, 43. 
Kingsberry, Capt., 182. 
Kingsland, Major Nathaniel, 189. 
Kingston, John, 98. 
Kingston, Simon, 139. 
Kinloch, Francis, 178. 
Kinloch, George, 49, 50. 
Kinloch, Francis, 117. 
Kirk, William, 165. 
Kirkcaldy, WilUam, 105. 
KoUock, Charles W., 1. 
Knapp, Capt. John, 136. 
Knatchbull, Sir — , 173. 
Knatchbull, John, 173. 
Kneeshaw, John, 110. 
Knight, Edward, 130. 
Knox, Sarah, 141. 

La Bruce, Hannah, 99. 

LeBruce, Joseph, 162. 

Lacy, Hannah, 126. 

Lacey, Samuel, 98, 126. 

Ladson, John, 35, 36, 37, Z?,, 39-40. 

Ladson, Judith, Free person of color, 

Ladson, Robert, 164. 
Ladson, Thomas, 140. 143, 164. 
"Ladsons," 40. 
Lamberton, Richard, 56. 
Lance, Lambert, 78. 
Lang, Susannah, 174. 
Lang, Thomas, 174. 
Langford, Lieut., 182. 
Langley, Mary, 139. 
Langley, Nathaniel, 139. 
Langstaff, Miss, 180. 
Langstaff, Benjamin, 18. 
Langstaff, John, 18. 
Lankester, Joshua, 165. 
Lapina, Capt., 77. 
Lapina, Mrs., 77. 
LaPort, Miss, 146. 
Laumoy, Col., 101. 
Laurel Island, 18. 
Laurens, Henry, 40, 109. 
Laurens, James, 171. 
Laurens, John, 44, 99, 182, 188. 
Laurens, Martha, 40. 
Laurens, Mary, 171. 
Laurens, Peter, 133. 
Law, Joseph, 178. 
Lawson, Jane, 12, 13, 14. 
Lawson, Jonathan, 178. 
Lawton, Mrs. Cecelia, 39, 56. 
Leacroft, John, 110. 
Leacroft, Vincent, 165. 
Lecroix, Capt. Alexander, 171. 
Lee, James, 60, 62. 
Lee, Mary, 107. 



Lee, Thomas, 164. 

Lee, William, 107. 

Lefevre, — , 116. 

Legare, Amy, 136. 

Legare, Daniel, 105. 

Legare, Daniel Jr., 136. 

Legare, Rebecca, 105. 

Legar6, Samuel, 175. 

Legar6, Solomon, 177. 

Legare, Thomas Hoyland, 175. 

Legge, Benjamin, S., 170. 

Legge, Edward, 318. 

Lehre, Mrs. Anna, 53. 

Leibrey, Mary, 97. 

Leigh, — , 144. 

Leigh, Sir Egerton, 59. 

Leigh, Martha, 59. 

Leigh, Peter, 59. 

Lemprier, Anne, 125. 

Lemprier, Clement, 125. 

Le Postre, Katherine, 12. 

Le Sad, James, 11. 

Lesesne, James, 98, 115. 

Lesesne, Thomas, 179. 

Lewis, Daniel, 82, 116, 128. 

Lewis, Elias, 82. 

Lewis, Elizabeth Ann, 128, 

Lewis, Gershon, 162. 

Lewis, Rev. John, 106. 

Lewis, Mary, 82, 116, 128. 

Lewis, Sarah, 116. 

Lewis, Rev. Stephen, 139. 

Liberty Tree Party, 44. 

Lillington, General, 101, 102, 103, 

104, 181. ^ 
Linckley, Christopher, 54. 
Lincoln, Gen., 187. 
Lindrey, Elizabeth, 17, 19, 22, 24. 
Lining, Charles, 110. 
Lining, Dr. John, 173, 177. 
Lining, Sally, 177. 
Lining, Thomas, 173. 
Linter, Richard, 163. 
Little, James, 165. 
Livie, Andrew, 131. 
Livingston, Mr., (his house), 184. 
Livingston, Hannah, 58. 
Livingston, William, 58. 
Lloyd, Sarah, 131. 
Lockwood, Mrs. J. Palmer, 85. 
Logan, George^ 13, 18, 66, 67, 125. 
Logan, Helen, 18. 
Logan, John, 106, 107. 
Logan, Margaret, 142. 
Logan, William, 66, 142. 
Long, Feiix, 18, 106. 
Long Point, 36-39. 
Long Point Creek, 28. 
Loocock, Aaron, 18. 

Loocock, Henrietta, 77. 
Loocock, Dr. William, 77. 
Lord, Andrew, 18. 
Lorimer, Lewis, 131. 
Lothrop, Seth, 140. 
Lovejoy, John, 108. 
Love joy, Margaret, 108. 
Low, Major Philip, 175. 
Lowe, Major, 103, 184. 
Lowe, William, 181. 
Lowery, Lt. Col., 101. 
Lowndes Grove, 15. 
Lowndes, Harriot, 112. 
Lowndes, Rawlins, 112. 
Loyer, Adrian, 131. 
Lucas, Eliza, 34. 
Lucas, Elizabeth, 134. 
Lyons, Abraham, 176. 
Lyttle, Col., 103, 183. 

McCall, Elizabeth, 46. 
McCall, Elizabeth Martha, 143. 
McCall, Hext, 46. 
M'Call, John, 113. 
McCall, John Jr., 143. 
M'CaU, John Sr., 144, 170. 
M'Call, Martha, 113. 
M'Cord's Fe'rry, 108. 
M'Cord, Sophia Nisba, 108. 
McCrady, Gen. Edward, 25. 
M'CulIoch, Ann, 178. 
M'Culloch, Robert, 178. 
McCurdy, Robert, 132. 
McDowell, Archibald, 126. 
McDowell, demons, 128. 
McDowell, George, 126. 
McDowell, John, 126, 128. 
McDowell, Martha, 126, 128. 
McDowell, Mary, 128, 164. 
McDowell, Sarah, 126. 
McDoWell, Thomas, 126. 
McGaw, se^e Magaw. 
M'Grath, WiUiam, 174. 
M'Grefeor, Alexander, 179. 
M'Gregor, Mary, 179. 
Mcintosh, Gen., 101, 102, 103, 181. 
MTntosh, Barbara, 174. 
M'Intosh, Wainwood, 174. 
MTntosh, William, 174. 
MTntosh, Col. William, 174. 
MTver, Alexander, 142. 
McKay, Margaret, 167. 
Mackey, Jane, 167. 
McKenzie, Jamefe, 59. 
Mackenzie, John, 32, 91, 95, 144, 

McKewn, Mary, 38, 130. 
McKewn, Sarah, 38. 
McKewn, Susannah, 38. 



Mackie, Eleanor, 179. 

Mackie, James, 179. 

M'Knight, James, 138. 

M'Knight, Keziah, 138. 

McKrelless, George, 118. 

McKrelless, James, 117. 

McKrelless, Jemima, 117, 118. 

McKrelless, John, 117, 118. 

McKrelless, Mary, 118. 

McLaughlin, John, 31. 

McLaughlin, William, 31, 32, 35. 

McLaughlin, Grant, 30-31. 

M'Leod, Rev., 141. 

M'Leod, Dorcas, 141. 

M'Lorinnan, Henry, 173. 

McMillan, Thomas, 65. 

McNeill, John, 106. 

M'Neil, Martha, 136. 

M'Neil, Capt. John, 136. 

M'Neil, Capt. Ralph, 136. 

M'Nilage, Alexander, 107-108. 

McPherson, James, 106. 

McRa, Duncan, 142. 

Magaw, Ann, 81, 115, 117(2), 124 (2), 

125, 126. 
Magaw, Frances, 117. 
Magaw, James, 81, 115, 117 (2), 

124 (2), 125, 126. 
Magaw, Jane, 126. 
Magaw, Martha, 125. 
Magaw, Mary, 115. 
Magaw, Sarah, 124 (2). 
Magee, Will, 173. 
Magee, William, 141. 
Magnolia Cemetery, 21, 23. 
Magnolia Umbra, 20, 22-23. 
Maham, Col. Hezekiah, 171. 
Maham, Mary, 171. 
Maine, William, 42. 
Mallory, Lieut., 187. 
Malmedy, Col., 102, 184. 
Malona plantation, 46, 147, 148. 
Maltby, Rev. 136. 
Maltby, Elizabeth, 136. 
Manigault, Charles, 39, 56. 
Manigault, Elizabeth, 39, 56. 
Manigault, Gabriel, 24, 25, 141. 
Manigault, Gabriel E., 39, 56. 
Manigault, Peter, 42, 141. 
Manigault Farm. 39. 
Mann, Mary, 141. 
Manners, Mrs. 174. 
Manners, Archibald, 174. 
Many, Mary, 176. 
Marion, Benjamin, 142. 
Marion, Catherine, 142. 
Marion, James, 99. 
Marion, Peter, 167. 
Markland, John, 176. 

Marriage and Death Notices, 5. C. 
Weekly Gazette, 77, 105, 136, 170. 

Marriage Bonds, (S. C), Abstracts 
of, 95, 130, 162. 

Marion, Mrs. Sophia Frances Shep- 
herd, 14. 

Marsh, James, 97. 

Marshland, 39, 54-56. 

Marshall, George, 19, 21. 

Marshall, John, 63. 

Marshall, Ralph, 29, 30, 31, 32, Si. 

Martin, Elizabeth, 175. 

Martin, John Christopher, 67. 

Mary, Joseph, 166. 

Mason, Richard, 133. 

Mason, Capt. Richard, 106. 

Massey, Jane, 176. 

Massey, Col. William, 111. 

Mather, Rev. Allyn, HI. 

Mathews, Lt. Col., 101. 

Mathews, Maurice, 10. 

Maxey, Capt. John, 140. 

Maxwell, Mrs., 174. 

Maxwell, David, 174. 

Maybank, David, 63, 64. 

Maybank, Hester, 143, 179. 

Maybank, Joseph, 79, 143, 179. 

Maybank, Mary, 163. 

Mazyck, Ann, 144, 170. 

Mazyck, Isaac, 10, o?>, 78. 

Mazyck, Stephen, 110, 145, 170, 171. 

Meader, John, 23. 

Mebane, Col, 104. 

Meggett, Margaret, 113, 142. 

Meggett, William, 113, 142. 

Mell, John, 52. 

Mellichamp, Rev. Timothy, 132. 

Mercer, John F., 140. 

Metheny, Daniel, 129. 

Metheny, Margaret, 129. 

Metheny, Mar>^, 129. 

Metheringham, Ann, 126, 127, 128, 

Metheringham, Elizabeth, 126. 
Metheringham, John, 114, 127, 128, 

Metheringham, John Jr., 125, 126. 
Metheringham, Marj-, 114. 
Metheringham, Thomas, 127, 12S. 
Meyers, Philip, 178. 
Michie, James, 61. 
Michie Kenneth, 61. 
Middleburg Plantation, 20. 
Middleton, Arthur. 48, 59. 
Middlcton, Elizabeth, 111. 
Middleton, Henry, 59. 
Middlcton, Hon. Henrv^, 77. 
Middleton Henry, A., 122. 
Middleton, John, HI. 



Middleton, Mary Henrietta, 59. 

Middletoii, Thomas, 111. 

Middleton, Walter I., 48. 

Middleton Place, on the Ashley, 59. 

Mikell, Elizabeth, 98. 

Miles, Elizabeth, 164. 

Miles, John, 111. 

Miles, Mary, 100. 

Miles, Sarah, HI. 

Miles, William, 96, 130. 

Miles, William, Jr., 97. 

Miller, Andrew, 99, 108. 

Miller, Ann, 116. 

Miller, Edee, 165. 

Miller, Elizabeth, 99. 

MiUer, John, 172. 

Miller, Nicholas, 99. 

Miller, NicUes, 116. 

Miller, Stephen, 134, 172. 

Miller, William, 116. 

Miller and Whitney, 151-152. 

Milligan, Eliza> 142. 

Milligan, Dr. George, 142. 

Milner, Elizabeth, 126. 

Milner, Jeremiah, 126. 

Milner, Mumford, 125, 126, 131, 163, 

Milton Lodge, 48-50. 

Minson, John, 130. 

Minott, Capt. William, 143. 

MitcheU, Charles, 162. 

Mitchell, Capt. James, 187. 

Mitchell, Jane, 97. 

Mitchell, Ruth, 107. 

Mitchell, Thomas, 112. 

MitcheU, Capt. William, 187. 

MitcheU, William, 107, 182. 

Mobley, WiUiam, 127. 

MoUock, Richard, 13. 

Moloy, Daniel, 97. 

Mon Repos plantation, 60. 

Moncrief, Col., 34. 

Moncreef, John, 164. 

MonteU, Anthony, 176, 178. 

MonteU, Mary, 176 

Mooney, James, Myths of the Chero 
kees, 159. 

Moore, Lieut., 186. 

Moore, Elizabeth, 79. 

Moore, James, 24, 69, 156. 

Moore, John, 113. 

Moore, Capt. John, 143. 

Moore, Mary, 166. 

Moore, Peter Joseph, 140. 

Moore, Thankful, 143. 

Morain, Edmond, 80. 

Morain, Edward, 125. 

Morain, Sarah, 125. 

Morain, Susannah, 80. 

Moreau, Charles Frederick, 108. 

Morend, Elizabeth, 114. 
Morris, Col. Lewis, 47. 
Morrison, Capt. John, 172. 
Morrison, Simon, 43. 
Morritt, Alice, 131. 
Morton, Joteeph, 190. 
Moultrie, Major, 102. 
Mount Edgecombe, 88, 89, 90. 
Mt. Pleasant, S. C, 87. 
Mullens, John, 166. 
Muller, Nicholaus, 99. 
Muncreef, Abigail, 141. 
Muncreef, John, 141. 
Munroe, Elizabeth, 142. 
Munroe, Simon, 142. 
Murdoch, David, 174. 
Murdoch, Sarah, 174. 
Murphy, Malachi, 79. 
Murray, George, 91. 
Murrell, Nancy, 176. 
Murril, Elizabefth, 117. 

Navy Yard (U. S. at Charleston) 

39, 56. 
Naylor, John, 97. 
Neal, John, 9. 
Neilson, Jared, 163. 
Nekn, Mrs., 115. 
Nelme, Thomas, 164. 
Nelson, Major, 104, 183. 
Nelson, James, 105. 
New Market Race course, 44. 
Ndwton, Downham, 174. 
Newton, Elizabeth, 174. 
Newton, Polly, 177. 
NichoU, Capt., 177. 
NichoU. WiUiam, 144, 
Nicholson, Anne, 143. 
Ninian, Sarah, 133. 
Noisett's Creek, 60, 66. 
Norris, Thomas, 30, 33, 35, 36. 
North, Elizabeth, 97. 
North, John, 107. 
Northrop, Claudian B., 47, 65. 
Nowland, Rachel, 178. 

Oak Grove, 60-63. 
Oak Grove plantation, 59. 
Oakland, 72-73. 
Oaks Club, 18, 23. 
Oats, Edward, 107. 
O'Bryen, Timothy, 143. 
Ogden, Isaac, 177. 
Ogilvie, Charles, 62. 
O'Hara, Daniel, 175. 
Old Charles Town, 3. 
Oliphant, Dr. David, 177. 
Oliphant, Jane, 172. 
Oliver, Mary, 100. 



Oliver, Thomas, 162, 164. 

Oliphant, Anne, 143. 

Oliphant, Col. William, 171. 

Onsaw creek, 66. 

Orange Grove, 15. 

Orr, Rev. William, 96, 130, 133, 163. 

OrrilI,_PhiUp, 37. 

O'Sullivan, Florence, 16. 

O'SuUivan, Capt. Florentia, 87. 

Ouzeley, — , 115. 

Ousley, James, 129. 

Owens, Elizabeth, 113. 

Oyster Point, 4. 

Page, Catherine, 114, 116. 

Page, George, 114. 

Page, John, 114. 

Pallett, Mary, 133. 

Palmer, Job. 109. 

Palmer, John, 172. 

Palmer, John St., 137. 

Palmer, Joseph, 174. 

Palmettoes, 67-69. 

Parade Ground, 17. 

Paradise, 40-41. 

Parker, Col., 102, 185. 

Parker, Joseph, 143. 

Parris, Alexander, 88, 91, 158. 

Parris, John Alexander, 91. 

Parris, Mary, 88. 

Parsons, William, 142. 

Parthenia, a negro woman, 35. 

Partridge, Nathaniel, 32. 

Patten, Col., 182. 

Patterson, Col., 186. 

Patterson, Helen, 171. 

Patterson, William, 171. 

Patton, William, 50. 

Peacock, Lucre tia, 175. 

Pendarvis, Benjamin, 34. 

Pendarvis, Elizabeth, 20. 

Pendarvis,'John, 32, 34, 35-36, 37, 40. 

Pendarvis, Joseph, 8, 20, 22, 26, 33, 

34, 35, 36, 56. 
Pendarvis, Parthenia, a negro, 35. 
Pendleton, Major Nathaniel, 175. 
Penniman, John, 70. 
Perdriau, Esther, 141. 
Perdriau, John, 133. 
Perkins, Samuel, 52. 
Perriman, John, 135. 
Perry, Benjamin, 135. 
Perry, Josiah, 106. 
Perry, Rachel, 106, 107. 
Petrie, Alexander, 137. 
P6yre, Ren6, 134. 
Peyre, Samuel, 141. 
Phililps, James, 38. 
Phillips, Martha, 78. 

Phillips, Timothy, 78. 

PhiUips, Richard, 143. 

Phillips, Robert, 109. 

Phillips, William, 108, 109. 

Phillips, Capt. William, 143. 

Philps, Margaret, 143. 

Philps, Robert, 143. 

Phoenix Assurance Company, 43. 

Pickens, James, 32. 

Pickpocket plantation, 14. 

Piercy, Sarah, 176. 

Pike, Thomas, 19. 

Pilkington, Jane, 42. 

Pilkington, John, 41. 

Pillans, Robert, 140. 

Pinckney, Charles, 34, 35, 53, 134, 

169, 176. 
Pinckney, Charles Cotesworth, 35, 
Pinckney, Eliza, Life of, 34. 
Pinckney, Elizabeth, 31. 
Pinckney, Harriott, 25, 35. 
Pinckney, Hobson, 172. 
Pinckney, Maria H., 25, 35. 
Pinckney, Mary, 176. 
Pinckney, Miles, 114. 
Pinckney, Robert, 116. 
Pinckney, Ruth, 114, 116. 
Pinckney, Thomas, 17, 53, 74. 
Pinckney, William, 114, 116. 
Pinyard, Philip, 99. 
Player, Elizabeth, 117. 
Player, Joseph, 81. 
Player, Martha, 81. 
Player, Mary, 80. 
Player, Patience, 80, 81. 
Player, Rachel, 81. 
Player, Roger, 80, 81. 
Player, Sukey, 117. 
Player, Thomas, 81. 
Player, Susannah, 81. 
Player, William, 81. 
Playter, William, 166. 
Pogson, Mrs. 148. 
Pogson, Mrs. Milward, 123. 
Poinsett, Joel R., 29. 
Poinsetts Farm, 29. 
Poor, Christopher, 165. 
Porcher, — , 22. 
Porcher, Mary, 137. 
Porcher, Philip, 137. 
Porcher, Peter, 179. 
Porter, James, 162, 163. 
Porter, Capt. John, 78. 
Postell, Benjamin, 137. 
Postell, James, 40-41, 166. 
Postell, John, 132. 
Postell, John, Jr., 166. 
Powder Magazine, at Charlestown, 
168, 169. 



Powder Magazines, Charleston Neck, 

Powell, Dr. John, 109. 
Powell, John, 131. 
Poyas, Mrs., 69, 71. 
Poyas, Dr. John, 142. 
Prescillo, Joseph, 163. 
Pretty, Henry, 47. 
Prevost, Gen., 15. 
Prichard, Martha, 134. 
Prig, Elizabeth, 128. 
Prig, John, 128, 
Prig, Mary, 128. 
Prioleau, Samuel, 43, 59, 62, 167. 
Pringle, Mary, 106. 
Pringle, Robert, 106. 
Print, William, 141. 
Pritchard, Paul, 29. 
Proveaux, Adrian, 136. 
Prowman, John, 74. 
Prue, John, 131. 
Purcell, Ann, 146, 150. 
Purcell, Elizabeth Smith, 150. 
Purcell, Rev. Dr. Henry, 146, 150. 
Purcell, Jane Pogson, 150. 
Purcell, Joseph, 62. 
Purcell, Sarah, 146, 147, 150. 
Pyatt, John, 99, 

Quakers, 92-94, 192-193. 

Quarter House, 43-45. 

Quelch, Andrew, 118. 

Quelch, Elizabeth, 118, 125. 

Quelch, Frances, 125. 

Quin, Capt., 182. 

Quincey, Rev. Samuel, (wrongly 
given as John in part of the 
record) 98, 131, 132, 134, 164, 

Race, Rebecca, 47. 
Rae, John, 134. 
Ramsay, David, 113, 
Ramsay, Dr. David, 40. 
Ramsay, Frances, 113 
Ramsay, William, 140. 
Rat Trap, 26-27, 30. 
Raven, John, 16. 
Raven, Mary, 163. 
Ravenel, Mrs. St. Julien, Charleston, 
the Place and the People, 34, 35,, 
Read, Jacob, 175. 
Read, Motte Alston, 1, 123, 156. 
Realy, Brian, 70. 
Redman, Joseph, 165. 
Reed, Joseph, 140. 
Rees, Dr., 113. 
Reeves, Capt. Enos, 136. 
Reeves, Capt. Henry, 175. 
Raid, Elizabeth, 97. 

Reily, Barnaby, 166. 
Rembert, Isaac, 134. 
Rembert, John, 134. 
Remington, Dr. William, 141. 
Retreat, 56-60, 119, 
Reynolds, Benjamon, 140. 
Rejmolds, Broughton, 171. 
Reynolds, Margaret, 171. 
Reynolds, Sarah, 140. 
Rhett, Sarah, 8. 
Rhett, Col. William, 8, 24. 
Richards, Mary, 116. 
Riggs, Elizabeth, 132. 
Righton, Elizabeth, 165, 
Risbie, James, 68. 
Risbie, Jane, 68. 
Rivers, Betsy, 179. 
Rivers, Charles, 174, 
Rivers, Dorcas, 143, 
Rivers, George, 137. 
Rivers, Col. Joseph, 179. 
Rivers, Mary, 96. 
Rivers, Nehemiah, 143. 
Rivers, Robert, 143. 
Riverview Cemetery, 43. 
Roach, Jordan, 117. 
Roach, Rebecca, 117, 
Roan, Rev., 129. 
Robert, Margaret, 164. 
Roberts, Richard Brooke, 110, 137. 
Roberts, Thomas, 175. 
Roberts, Thornton Delano, 110. 
Robinson, John, 138. 
Robinson, Mary, 138. 
Rodgers, James, 134. 
Roper, Hannah, 73. 
Roper, Richard, 48. 
Roper, William, 48. 
Rosberg, A., 175. 
Rose, Francis, 99. 
Rose, Mary, 110. 
Rose, Priscilla, 20. 

Rose, Thomas, 40, 46, 52, 53, 74, 110. 
Rose, William, 96, 
Rose's Farm, 15. 
Roser, Mary, 167. 
Ross, George, 180. 
Ross, William, 95. 
Roulain, Daniel, 135. 
Roupell, George, 178. 
Rousham, James, 162, 
Roux, Albert, 113. 
Rowett, John, 134. 
Royce, Cherokee Nation, 157. 
Royer, James, 126. 
Royer, John, 115. 

Royer, Peter, 115, 118, 126, 127, 128. 
Royer, Rebecca, 115, 118, 126, 127, 



Royer, Richard, 128. 
Royer, WiUiam, 118. 
Ruck, Andrew, 99. 
Rugorck, Elizabeth, 138. 
Rumney, Village, 18. 
Rumney Distillery, 18. 
Rumph, Susannah, 137. 
Russell, Daniel, 105. 
Russell, Grissel, 138. 
Russell, Nathaniel, 18. 
Russell, WiUiam, 138. 
Rutledge, Andrew, 167. 
Rutledge, Hugh, 144. 
Rutledge, John, 82, 118, 124, 178. 
Rutledge, Martha, 178. 
Rutledge, Maiy, 118, 124. 
Rutledge, Sarah, 82, 118, 124. 
Rutledge, Thomas, 82. 
Ryedale Farm, 43. 

St. John, John, 97. 
Sabb, Joseph, 67. 
St. John, MeUer, 166. 
St. Lawrence Cemetery, 23. 
Salle)^, A. S. Jr., 1^158. 
Salter, Sarah, 166. 
Sampson, Martha, 163. 
Sam ways, Henry, 112. 
Samways, Mary, 112. 
Sanders, James, 100. 
Sanders, Joseph, 100. 
Sanders, Peter, 162. 
Sandiford, Mrs., 178. 
Sandiford, Capt. John, 178. 
Sans Souci, 20, 49. 
Sansun, John, 109. 
Sargeant, Rev., 127. 
Saunders, Roger, 167. 
Saunders, Thomas Martin, 115. 
Savage, Dr. Richard, 107 (2). 
Savage, Thomas, 41. 
Sayle Gov. WiUiam, 7, 189, 
Saxby, George, 19, 22. 
Schenkingh, Bernard, 11, 12. 
Scheuber, Justus Hartman, 139. 
Schuetzenplatz, 22. 
Scott, Jane, 141. 
Scott, Patrick, 14, 16, 49. 
Scott, Sarah, 49. 
Scott, WiUiam, 112. 
Screven, Gen. James, 77. 
Screven, Miss Mary, 77. 
Screven, Thomas, 62, 63. 
Screven, William, 62, 63. 
Scrivenger, Susannah, 144. 
Seabrook, Benjamin, 113. 
Searles, James, 89. 
Semple, WUliam, 173. 
Serjeant, William, 140. 
Severance, Ann, 117, 118, 

Severance, Joseph, 118, 125. 
Severance, Sarah Watson, 118. 
Shaftesbury, Earl of, 5. 
Shandy, Fergus, 106. 
Sharp, James, 139. 
Shepheard, Col., 102. 
Sheperd, Elizabeth, 132. 
Shepherd Wilson Farm, 14. 

Shick, Betsy, 139. 

Shick, John, 139. 

Shingleton, Rebecca, 100. 

Shipyard Creek, 28. 

Schoolbred, Henry, 175. 

Shubrick, Mary, 25. 

Shubrick, Thomas, 25. 

Shubrick, Col. Thomas, 25. 

Shute, Anna, 94. 

Shute, Elizabeth, 92. 

Shute, Joseph, 91-94. 

Shute, Thomas, 92. 

Shutes' Folly, 4, 91-94. 

Simmons, Major, 181. 

Simmons, Mary Ann, 97. 

Simonds, Henr>', 8, 19-20, 22. 

Simons, Albert, 83, 84. 

Simons, Benjamin, 20, 176. 

Simons, Keating, 141. 

Simons, Col. Maurice, 177. 

Simons, Nancy, 141 (2). 

Simons, Capt. Shadrick, 172. 

Simons, Thomas, 22. 

Simpson, John, 173. 

Simpson, Jonathan, 65. 

Simpson, William, 65. 

Sims, James, 116. 

Single tary, Elizabeth, 174. 

Singletary, Micah, 174. 

Singletary, Thomas, 137. 

Singleton, Daniel, 167. 

Sinkler, Peter, 108. 

Skerrit, Flora, 116. 

Sldpper, John, B., 62. 

Skipper, William, 58, 62. 

Skirving, Col., 186. 

Skirving, Maria, 137. 

Sloman, John, 140. 

Sloman, Patience, 140. 

Smith, Mrs., 10. 

Smith, Alice R. Huger, 83, 84. 

Smith, Archer, 68. 

Smith, Benjamin, 42, 59, 71, 73, 

Smith, Maj. Benjamin, 172. 

Smith, Christopher, 41, 45, 73, 74. 

Smith, D. E. Huger, 1, 83-S=;. 

Smith, Dorothy, 41, 74. 

Smith, Elizabeth, 71. 

Smith, Emanuel, 133. 

Smith, Francis, 138. 

Smith, George, 68, 71, 72, 77, 172. 



Smith, Dr. George, 70. 

Smith, George A. Z., 68. 

Smith, George Henry, 71. 

Smith, Henry, 70, 142, 178. 

Smith, Henry A. M., 1, 3, 87, 121, 
156, 189. 

Smith, Capt. James, 174. 

Smith, John, 12, 41, 94, 98, 117, 

Smith, Josiah, 85. 

Smith, Rev. Josiah, 77. 

Smith, Katharine, 142. 

Smith, Mary, 73, 94, 108, 142, 179. 

Smith, Peter, 142, 175. 

Smith, Rev. Dr. Robert, 146. 

Smith, Roger, 42, 43. 

Smith, Samuel, 179. 

Smith, Sarah, 172. 

Smith, Thomas, 71, 108, 131, 192. 

Smith, Landgrave Thomas, 47, 58, 
_ 68, 72, 74. 

Smith, Thomas, Second Landgrave, 
69, 70. 

Smith, Thomas Henry, 71. 

Smith Thomas Loughton, 42, 59, 

Smith, William, 12, 142. 

Smith, William, (Grant to,) 32-33. 

Smith, Capt. William, 72. 

Smith, Major William, 34. 

Smith, William Wragg, 122. 

Smith's Cowpen, 74. 

Sneeling, John, 106. 

Sneeling, Hannah, 106. 

Snell, H. v., 52. 

Snell, PoUy. 142. 

Snerdon, Thomas, 174. 

Snipes, Thomas, 47. 

Snipes, William Clay, 177. 

Snowden, Yates, 1. 

Snyder, Paul, l75. 

Somerville, Elizabeth, 64. 

Somerville, John, 65. 

Somerville, Sarah, 65, 73. 

Somerville, Tweedie, 64, 65. 

Sommersett, Capt. Thomas, 131. 

South Carolina Marriage Bonds, 
Abstracts From, 95, 130, 162. 

South Carolina Weekly Gazette, Mar- 
riage and Death Notices From, 
77-79 105-113, 136-145. 

Southerland, Mrs. 114. 

Spence, Capt. David, 138. 

Spencer, Ann, 115, 116. 

Spencer, Francis, 166. 

Spencer, Isaac, 115. 

Spencer, John, 164. 

Spencer, Joseph, 115, 116. 

Spencer, Oliver, 115. 

Spencer, Rebecca, 115. 

Spencer, Sally, 115. 

Spencer, Susannah, 115. 

Spidell, Mr., 178. 

Spidell, Abraham, 173. 

Splatt, Hannah, 111. 

Splatt, John, 111. 

Sprigg, Miss, 140. 

Sprigg, Richard, 140. 

Spry, Mary, 166. 

Stafford, Arthur, 110. 

Stanyarne, Elizabeth, 106. 

Stanyarne, Joseph, 106. 

Stanyarne, Mary, 134. 

Stanyarne, Sarah, 38. 

Stanyarne, Thomas, 57. 

Steel, Catherine, 116. 

Steel, John, 116. 

Steele, — , 115. 

Stephens, Robert, 105. 

Stevens, Cotton-Mather, 112. 

Stevens, Capt. Jarvis Henry, 136. 

Stevens, Thomas, 117, 

Stevens, Dr. William Smith, 136. 

Stewart, Mrs., 142. 

Stewart, Angus, 53. 

Stewart, Charles Augustus, 137, 142. 

Stewart, Elizabeth, 174. 

Stewart, Esther, 133. 

Stewart, James, 174. 

Stiles, Benjamin, 138, 141. 

Stiles, Sarah, 138. 

Stinson, James, 108. 

Stirk, Samuel, 143. 

Stobo, Richard Park, 140. 

Stock, John, 105. 

Stock Prior, 41-43. 

Stocker, Charles Stevens, 180. 

Stocker, Mary, 180. 

Stocks, Thomas, 48. 

StoU, Elizabeth, 173, 

Stone, Mary Ann, 142. 

Stone, Thomas, 174. 

Stoney, Samuel D., 47, 

Stonhall, Elizabeth, 57, 

Stony Point, 50-52. 

Strachan, James, 59. 

Streator, James, 65. 

Streator, Jane, 65. 

Streator, Margaret, 65. 

Streator's plantation, 73, 

Stromboli, 36-39, 

Struthers, Robert, 144. 

Stuart House, 109. 

Sullivan, John, 47. 

Sullivan, Capt. Phillip, 136. 

Sullivan, Sarah, 174. 

Sullivan, Susannah, 136. 

Swan, Capt., 173. 



Tamleson, Martha, 162. 

Tarquand, Rev., 136. 

Tarquand, Ann, 136. 

Taylor, James, 141. 

Taylor, Jane, 143. 

Taylor, Joseph, 163. 

Taylor, Paul, 176. 

Templeton, Capt., 103, 187. 

Tennant, Rev. Christopher, 150. 

Ternant, Col. 185. 

Theus, John, 113. 

Theus, Capt. Simeon, 105. 

Thomas, Elizabeth, 164. 

Thomas, WiUiam, 164. 

Thompson, Rev. Francis, 162, 163. 

Thompson, James, 167. 

Thompson, John, 97. 

Thompson, Thomas, 8, 16, 19, 20. 

Thompson, Rev. Thomas, 96, 130, 

Thomson, George, 105. 
Thornton, Katharine, 125. 
Timmons, John, 174. 
Timmons, Richard, 131. 
Timrod, Mrs., 108. 
Timrod, Christiana, 30. 
Timrod, Heniy, 30, 108, 140. 
Timrod, William Henry, 30. 
Tipper, Sarah, 163. 
Tisseaux, Rev. John, 166. 
Tobias, Joseph, 98, 176. 
Tobler, John, 119. 
Todd, John, 179. 
Tondee, Mrs., 175. 
Tondee, Peter, 175. 
Tookerman, Miss, 126. 
Tookerman, Elizabeth, 81. 
Tookerman, Katherine, 81. 
Tookerman, Richard, 81. 
Touchstone, Frederick, 53. 
Townsend, Daniel, 112. 
Townsend, Mary, 176. 
Townsend, Sally, 141. 
Townsend, Thomas, 138, 176. 
Tradd, Richard, 5, 14. 
Trapier, Elizabeth, 113. 
Trapier, Paul, 113. 
Trescot, Edward, 171. 
Trescot, George, 171. 
Treville, Abigal, 105. 
Trezevant, Daniel, 108. 
Triboudet, John, 96, 133, 166. 
Trusler, Ann, 130. 
Trusler, William, 44. 
Tucker, Benjamin, 137. 
Tucker, Sarah, 26. 
Tucker, Thomas, 137. 
Tucker, Capt. Thomas, 112. 
Tuff, Capt., 183. 

Tugalo River, 158. 

Tunno, Adam, 39. 

TumbuU, Andrew, 60. 

TumbuU, W. E., 53. • 

Turnbull place, 60. 

Turpin, Capt., Joseph, 78, 107. 

Upham, Sarah, 165. 

Valentine, Simon, 55. 

Valk, Ann, 49. 

Valk, Jacob, 49. 

Vallaton, Joseph, 178. 

Van Braam Houckgeest, Andreas E., 

107, 109-110, 137. 
Van Braam Houckgeest, Everarda 

Catherina Sophia, 137. 
Vanderhorst, Elizabeth Mary, 134. 
Vanderhorst, James, 112. 
Vanderhorst, John, 141. 
Van Home, Catherine, 175. 
Van Home, David, 175. 
van Reede van d'Oudtshoorn, Baron, 

van Reede van d'Oudtshoorn, Gur- 

tmde, 109. 
Vanvelson, Catherine, 162. 
Varnod, Elizabeth, 114, 118. 
Varnod, Henry, 116, 117, 118, 125. 
Vamor, Clement, 118. 
Varnor, Esther, 125. 
Varnor, Henry, 125. 
Varvil, Elizabeth, 117. 
Verdier, John Mark, 179. 
Verley, Melcher, 30. 
Vernon, Nancy, 177. 
Vernon, Samuel, 177. 
Vervent, James Martell Goulard de, 

ViUepontoux, Benjamin, 105. 
Villepontoux, Betsy, 105. 
ViUepontoux, Frances, 118. 
ViUepontoux, Mary, 118. 
Villepontoux, Paul, 118, 126. 
Vivian, John, 108. 
Vivian, Mary, 108. 
Vouloux, Mary, 167. 

Wagner, Frederick W., 15. 
Waight, Abraham, 137. 
Waight, Abraham Jr., 132. 
Waight, Isaac, 132. 
Waight, Jacob, 135. 
Wainwright, — , 125. 
Wainwright, John, 82. 
Wainwright, Mary, 82. 
Wainwright, Rebecca, 127. 
Wainwright, Richard, 82, 127. 
WaUcer, H. Pinckney, 47. 



Walker, John, 113. 

Wall, Mrs., 140. 

Wallace, Col., 181. 

Wallace, Life of Henry Laurens, 158. 

Walley, William, 69, 155-156. 

Walter, Polly, 108. 

Walter, Richard, 108. 

Walton, A. Y. 43. 

Walton, Elizabeth, 141. 

Walton, Elizabeth Martha, 144. 

Walton, John, 144. 

Wando River, 5. 

Wardrop, Mary, 142. 

Warham, Charles, 77. 

Waring, Ann, 132. 

Waring, Dorothy, 141. 

Waring, George, 132. 

Waring, Thomas, 141. 

Warley, Major Felix, 136, 

Warner, Henry, 97. 

Warrington, James, 62. 

W?s'nngton Race Course, 15. 

Watkins, John, 19, 21. 

Watkins, Mary, 21. 

Watkins, Robert, 144. 

Watson, James, 106. 

Watson, "Martha, 143. 

Watts, Nancy, 141. 

Weatherly, Isaac, 163. 

Weaver, Jane, 96. 

Webb, Mary, 118. 

Webb, Thomas, 118. 

Webber, Mabel Louise, 1, 77, 80, 95, 

105, 114, 124, 130, 136, 157, 162, 

Webster, Pelatiah, 21, 42. 
Weekley, Edward, 63, 72. 
Weldon, John, 163. 
Wells, Jane, 170. 
Wells, Dr. John, 179. 
Wells, Martha, 105. 
Wells, Thomas, 105. 
West, Joanna, 193. 
West, Joseph Landgrave, 11, 12, 189- 

West, Gov. Joseph, 153. 
West, Samuel, 8, 27, 35, 193. 
West, William, 191. 
Westockon marsh, 70. 
Weston, F. H., 1. 
Weyman, Edward, 78, 108. 
Weyman, Rebecca, 108. 
Weyman, Robert, 140. 
We^-man, Sarah, 140. 
Wheatley, Capt. William, 79. 
Wheeler, John, 133. 
Whipple, Commodore, 183. 
Whitaker, Benjamin, 48, 49. 
White, Alonzo, 43. 

White, Capt. Charles, 175. 

White, Henry, 127. 

White, James, 81, 115, 116, 117, 

127, 129. 
White, Jane Pogson, 150. 
Wliite, John, 108. 
White, John Blake, 32. 
White, Mary, 117. 
White, Sarah, 81, 115, 116, 117, 127, 

White, Thomas, 117. 
Whitesides, Edward, 128. 
Whitesides, John, 124. 
Whitesides, Sarah, 124, 126, 128, 

Whitesides, Thomas, 124, 126, 128, 

129, 142. 
Whitesides, William, 126. 
Whitfield, John, 17. 
Whithenberry, Thomas, 143. 
Whitla, John, 92. 
Whitmarsh, Thomas, 94. 
Whitney, Eli, 151-152. 
Whitney Cotton Gin, 151-152. 
Whitney, Lebeus, 175. 
Whitter, John, 94. 
Wickley, Capt., 186. 
Wigfall, Benjamin, 128. 
WigfaU, Joseph, 115. 
Wigfall, Katherine, 115. 
Wigfall, Samuel, 115. 
Wigg. Richard, 94, 
Wigg, Sarah, 64. 
Wigington, Henry, 23, 28. 
Wigington, Susannah, 94. 
Wilcocks, Joseph, 165. 
Wilkes, — 115. 
Wilkes, Betsy, 125. 
Wilkins, Lois, 166. 
Wilkinson, Elizabeth, 180, 
Wilkinson, Hannah, 131. 
Wilkinson, Joseph, 180. 
Will, Catherine, 105. 
Will, Philip, 105. 
Williams, Hannah, 50. 
WiUiams, John, 135, 179. 
Williams, Robert Jr., 19, 21. 
Williams, Robert Senr., 21. 
Williams, Thomas, 135. 
Williams, William, 74, 133. 
Williamson, Andrew, 113. 
Williamson, Col. Andrew, 44. 
Williamson, Constantine, 51. 
Williamson, Dove, 14. 
Williamson, James, 31. 
WiUiamson, John, 8, 23, 27, 29. 
Williamson, Manley, 51. 
Williamson, Mary Ann, 113. 
Williamson, William, 51, 141, 178. 



Williman, Jacob, 30. 
Williaman's Farm, 30. 
Willoughby, Thomas, 167. 
Wilson, Capt. 186. 
Wilson, Ann, 145. 
Wilson, Jehu, 111. 
Wilson, Mary, 166. 
Wilson, Dr. Robert, 145. 
Wilson, Thomas, 133. 
Wingood, Sarah, 117, 143. 
Winwright, see Wainwright. 
Wish, John, 105. 
Withers, Francis, 107. 
Withers, James, 168, 169. 
Withers, Mary, 107. 
Witter, Samuel, 94. 
Wolferston, Laurence, 130, 168 
Wood, Henry, 98. 
Wood, Sarah, 150. 
Wood, Thomas, 144. 
Wood, William, 140. 
Woodberry, Mary, 133. 
Woodhouse, William, 133. 
Woodlawn Park Cemeterj', 43. 
Woosah, 60. 
Woosah Creek, 66. 
Wragg Family, Chart of, facing page 

Wragg, John, 56, 122. 

Wragg, Joseph, 55, 56, 121, 122, 123. 

Wragg, Samuel, 12, 56, 121, 122, 

Wragg, William, 73, 91, 121, 122, 

Wragg, Rev. William Breckwich, 123, 
Wragg of S. C, 121-123. 
Wraggs or Marshland, 54-56. 
Wright, James, 58, 61. 
Wright, John, 18. 
Wright, Capt. John, 172. 
Wright, Martha, 172. 
Wright, Sarah, 58. 
Wylly, Thomas, 175. 

Yates, Joseph, 45. 

Yeadon, Richard, 79. 

Yeamans, Sir John, 69, 152-156, 189. 

Yeamans, Lady Margaret, 57, 68, 

69, 155, 156. 
Yeamans creek, 69. 
Yeamans Hall, 69-72. 
Yemasee War, 74. 
York Race course, 44. 
Young, Capt. John, 107. 
Young, Polly, 139. 
Young, William, 139.